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Strengthening of Concrete Structures Using Reinforced Concrete Enlargement Systems Tarek Alkhrdaji, PhD, PE Vice President –

Strengthening of Concrete Structures Using Reinforced Concrete Enlargement Systems

Tarek Alkhrdaji, PhD, PE Vice President – Engineering Services

Presentation Outline

  • Introduction to Structural Strengthening

  • Strengthening Process

  • FRP Strengthening

  • Concrete Enlargement

  • Micro-Reinforced Concrete Design Approach

Experimental Verification

Applications

  • Case Studies

 
Presentation Outline  Introduction to Structural Strengthening  Strengthening Process  FRP Strengthening  Concrete Enlargement
PG Punching Shear Failure
PG Punching Shear Failure
The Strengthening Process New Demand Existing Capacity  What is actual As-built  What is actual
The Strengthening Process
New Demand
Existing Capacity
What is actual As-built
What is actual As-built
Design strategies
Design strategies
Condition?
Condition?
Specifications
Specifications
Damage level?
Damage level?
Submittal & review
Submittal & review
Existing stress condition
Existing stress condition
processes
processes
Complex analysis
Complex analysis
Quality Assurance
Quality Assurance
Construction means
Construction means
methods and materials
methods and materials
Composite behavior
Composite behavior
requirements & detailing
requirements & detailing

Strengthening Process- Conventional Options

 
New Reinforcement
New Reinforcement
New Reinforcement
 

Section enlargement

Span shortening

 
Strengthening Process- Conventional Options New Reinforcement • Section enlargement • Span shortening • External Post-Tensioning •
Strengthening Process- Conventional Options New Reinforcement • Section enlargement • Span shortening • External Post-Tensioning •

External Post-Tensioning

Steel Plate Bonding

Strengthening Process- Conventional Options New Reinforcement • Section enlargement • Span shortening • External Post-Tensioning •
Strengthening Process- Conventional Options New Reinforcement • Section enlargement • Span shortening • External Post-Tensioning •
 

% Use of Strengthening Systems

~50%

  • FRP Composites

  • External Post Tensioning

  • - External in enlarged section

  • - External

~50%

  • - Internal in drilled/cored holes

  • Enlargement of Section

  • Supplemental Steel

(Plate bonding or support)

 
% Use of Strengthening Systems ~50%  FRP Composites  External Post Tensioning - External in
Steel Steel Plate Plate Installation Installation “Dry-Fitting” “Dry-Fitting” Components Components ANCHORS?
Steel
Steel Plate
Plate Installation
Installation “Dry-Fitting”
“Dry-Fitting” Components
Components
ANCHORS?
 
     

Strengthening with FRP Composite

Strengthening with FRP Composite
Strengthening with FRP Composite
Strengthening with FRP Composite
Strengthening with FRP Composite
Flexural Strengthening Bottom Reinforcement
Flexural Strengthening
Bottom Reinforcement
Column Strengthening
Column Strengthening
Underground Underground Pipelines Pipelines
Underground
Underground Pipelines
Pipelines
FRP Design Guidelines 440.2R-08 ACI 440.2R-08
FRP Design Guidelines
440.2R-08
ACI 440.2R-08
FRP General Design Concepts Effectiveness of FRP Strain compatibility design approach  cu  cu 
FRP General Design Concepts
Effectiveness of FRP
Strain compatibility design approach
 cu
 cu
 f
 f
FRP design strength can be 50% of published
ultimate strength (0.5 f fu )

ACI 318:

A section with lower

ductility should

compensate with a

higher reserve of

strength

0.005 sy Steel Strain at Ultimate 0.65 0.70  0.90
0.005 sy Steel Strain at Ultimate
0.005
sy
Steel Strain at
Ultimate
0.005 sy Steel Strain at Ultimate 0.65 0.70  0.90
0.005 sy Steel Strain at Ultimate 0.65 0.70  0.90
0.65 0.70
0.65 0.70
0.005 sy Steel Strain at Ultimate 0.65 0.70  0.90
 0.90
0.90

Strength vs. Ductility

     s    0.65      0.005
s
  0.65 
0.005 
sy
s
s
sy
sy
for
0.005
0.20
0.90 for
0.005
0.65 for
s
sy
ACI 318: A section with lower ductility should compensate with a higher reserve of strength 0.005
ACI 318: A section with lower ductility should compensate with a higher reserve of strength 0.005
Effect of Adding FRP Plies 1000 800 6 plies FRP 3 plies FRP 600 1 ply
Effect of Adding FRP Plies
1000
800
6 plies FRP
3 plies FRP
600
1 ply FRP
400
Original RC Beam
200
0
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
 (10e-06 1/mm)
M (kN-M)
 

FRP Effective Design Strain

 
 

(FRP Bond Limit)

 
   

0.41

f '

c

0.9

fu

 

Externally bonded fiber and

fd

nE t f f

nE t

f f

laminates (SI units)

 

Tensile Stress (MPa)

Tensile Stress (MPa)

5000

5000

4000

4000

3000

3000

2000

2000

1000

1000

0

0

Carbon Carbon Carbon
Carbon
Carbon
Carbon
   

fd varies

from 0.5fu to 0.9 fu

 
 

fd

fu

FRP Effective Design Strain ( FRP Bond Limit)  0.41 f ' c 0.9  fu
 
FRP Effective Design Strain ( FRP Bond Limit)  0.41 f ' c 0.9  fu

CASE STUDIES

 

-

FLEXURE -

 
CASE STUDIES - FLEXURE -
New Hospital New Hospital Parking to Parking to Office Space Office Space
New Hospital
New Hospital
Parking to
Parking to
Office Space
Office Space
New Hospital New Hospital Parking to Office Space Parking to Office Space
New Hospital
New Hospital
Parking to Office Space
Parking to Office Space
New Hospital New Hospital Parking to Office Space Parking to Office Space FRP Sheets
New Hospital
New Hospital
Parking to Office Space
Parking to Office Space
FRP Sheets
Case Case Study Study -- Chimney Chimney
Case
Case Study
Study -- Chimney
Chimney
Existing Existing Capacity Capacity vs. vs. Demand Demand 150 Flexural Demand Existing Moment Capacity 125 Areas
Existing
Existing Capacity
Capacity vs.
vs. Demand
Demand
150
Flexural Demand
Existing Moment Capacity
125
Areas requiring
strengthening
100
75
Areas requiring
strengthening
50
25
Areas requiring strengthening
0
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
Moment [kN-m x 10 3 ]
Elevation [m]
 

Nominal Capacity

Nominal

Capacity

ACI 307-08

Design and Construction of Reinforced Concrete Chimneys

y

 c    s  R t s  FRP wf

c


 s
 R
t
s
 FRP
wf

 

Concrete and Steel

Contribution

 
''' ' '
'''
'
'

PR

u

cos

  

C

S

S

S

S

1234

n 1

st

M

n

2

d

f

0

c



d

fi

c



nt w E

f

f

f f

0

2

nt w E

f

f

f fi

f

i  1  
i  1

FRP Contribution

= 0.85

 
Nominal Capacity Nominal Capacity ACI 307-08 Design and Construction of Reinforced Concrete Chimneys y  c
 
Nominal Capacity Nominal Capacity ACI 307-08 Design and Construction of Reinforced Concrete Chimneys y  c

COVERAGE (FRP ON BOTH SIDES)

COVERAGE (FRP ON

  • 2 PLIES FULL

Layout

Strengthening Layout

COVERAGE (FRP ON BOTH SIDES) COVERAGE (FRP ON 2 PLIES FULL Layout Strengthening Layout Strengthening NO

Strengthening

COVERAGE (FRP ON BOTH SIDES) COVERAGE (FRP ON 2 PLIES FULL Layout Strengthening Layout Strengthening NO
COVERAGE (FRP ON BOTH SIDES) COVERAGE (FRP ON 2 PLIES FULL Layout Strengthening Layout Strengthening NO

NO FRP REQUIRED

BOTH SIDES)

  • 2 PLIES FULL

ON BOTH SIDES)

COVERAGE (FRP

  • 3 PLIES FULL

ON BOTH SIDES)

COVERAGE (FRP

  • 3 PLIES FULL

m 0.0 m m 20.0 m 23.0 m 29.0 m 63.0 m 84.0 140.0 99.0 m
m
0.0 m
m
20.0
m
23.0
m
29.0
m
63.0
m
84.0
140.0
99.0
m
105.0
m
108.0
m
111.0
m
117.0
m

COVERAGE (FRP ON

INTERIOR SIDE)

COVERAGE (FRP ON

  • 2 PLIES FULL

LONGITUDINAL CHIMNEY SECTION

(FRP ON INTERIOR SIDE)

  • 2 PLIES 600 mm WIDE OF

(FRP ON INTERIOR SIDE)

  • 3 PLIES FULL COVERAGE

FRP AT 900 mm O.C.

CHIMNEY BASE

ENLARGMENT AT

CONCRETE

STRENGTHENING AT OPENING WITH STEEL PLATES (f y = 420 MPa)

NO FRP REQUIRED

NO FRP REQUIRED

EXTERIOR SIDE)

1 PLY FULL

COVERAGE (FRP ON BOTH SIDES) COVERAGE (FRP ON 2 PLIES FULL Layout Strengthening Layout Strengthening NO
COVERAGE (FRP ON BOTH SIDES) COVERAGE (FRP ON 2 PLIES FULL Layout Strengthening Layout Strengthening NO
Parking Garage Precast Double Tee and Corbel Strengthening
Parking Garage
Precast Double Tee and Corbel
Strengthening
Existing Conditions
Existing Conditions
Precast Tee FRP Strengthening
Precast Tee FRP Strengthening
Precast Tee FRP Strengthening
Precast Tee FRP Strengthening
Corbel FRP Strengthening
Corbel FRP Strengthening
Strengthening with Concrete Enlargement
Strengthening with Concrete
Enlargement

Concrete Enlargement

 

Create composite behavior via:

1. Horizontal shear transfer

a. Installation of steel dowels

b. Profiling of concrete surface (CSP-7)

2. Prepare surface to open pores

3. Placement techniques to force intimate

contact between exiting and new concrete

 
Concrete Enlargement  Create composite behavior via: 1. Horizontal shear transfer a. Installation of steel dowels
Enlargement Specifying & Measuring Surface Preparation ICRI Surface Profile Chips
Enlargement
Specifying & Measuring Surface Preparation
ICRI Surface
Profile Chips
Enlargement Specifying & Measuring Surface Preparation CSP-7
Enlargement
Specifying & Measuring Surface Preparation
CSP-7
Enlargement- Place new material and force into pores of existing concrete (Form&Pump) Existing New
Enlargement-
Place new material
and force into pores of existing
concrete (Form&Pump)
Existing
New
Enlargement Transfer Girder
Enlargement
Transfer Girder
Enlargement
Enlargement
Enlargement 10-15 psi 2-3 psi Bond Line
Enlargement
10-15 psi
2-3 psi
Bond Line
Enlargement
Enlargement
Enlargement Materials- SCC 28 in
Enlargement Materials- SCC
28 in
Confirming Confirming Bond- Bond- Quality Quality Control Control Sounding Sounding Pull Pull test test “Ping” `
Confirming
Confirming Bond-
Bond- Quality
Quality Control
Control
Sounding
Sounding
Pull
Pull test
test
“Ping”
`
Sounding and Bond Tests
Quality Quality Control- Control- f’c of materials Coring depth and diameter Core Through Enlargement Dollie size
Quality
Quality Control-
Control-
f’c of materials
Coring depth and diameter
Core Through Enlargement
Dollie size
Perpendicular dollie & core
Dollie adhesive
Bond
Failure
Line
Plane
1 MPa
1
2
3
Enlargement
Original
Transfer Girder- Structural Defect
Transfer Girder- Structural Defect
Transfer Girder - Formwork
Transfer Girder - Formwork
Enlargement Enlargement of of Columns Columns for for Higher Higher Loads Loads
Enlargement
Enlargement of
of Columns
Columns for
for Higher
Higher Loads
Loads
BYU Pedestrian Bridge New Pedestrian New Pedestrian Bridge Extension to Bridge Extension to be Added be
BYU Pedestrian Bridge
New Pedestrian
New Pedestrian
Bridge Extension to
Bridge Extension to
be Added
be Added
Bridge: Existing Condition • Total Length = Approx. 410m • Width = 4m • Span (Work
Bridge: Existing Condition
• Total Length = Approx. 410m
Width = 4m
• Span (Work Area) = 19m
Existing Existing Condition Condition-- 3D3D Modeling Modeling Existing Condition- 3D Modeling Span under Modification
Existing
Existing Condition
Condition-- 3D3D Modeling
Modeling
Existing Condition- 3D Modeling
Span under
Modification
Modified Modified Condition Condition-- 3D3D Modeling Modeling Modified Condition- 3D Modeling Removed Portion of Beam Enlarged
Modified
Modified Condition
Condition-- 3D3D Modeling
Modeling
Modified Condition- 3D Modeling
Removed Portion
of Beam
Enlarged
Beam with
New PT
Construction joints where
Existing PT is anchored
Top FRP Bars at Supports 5 #4 CFRP BARS AT 3" O.C. 13'-4" LONG 4 #4
Top FRP Bars at Supports
5 #4 CFRP BARS
AT 3" O.C.
13'-4" LONG
4 #4 CFRP BARS
38'-0" LONG
AT 3" O.C. (MAX.)
ON BEAM
18'-0"
20'-0"
15'-4 3/4"
5' MIN. OVERLAP
8" CONCRETE
INSIDE FACE
ELEVATION
(SEE DETAIL BELOW)
4
3
ENLARGEMENT
4 #4 CFRP BARS
38'-0" LONG
AT 3" O.C. (MAX.)
ON BEAM
COLUMN 3
12"
CONSTRUCTION JOINT
(CJ2)
4 #4 CFRP BARS
27'-9" LONG
AT 3" O.C. (MAX.)
ON BEAM
8 #4 CFRP BARS 38'-0" LONG
AT 12" O.C. (MIN.) ON TOP OF SLAB
26'-11"
18'-0"
15'-4"
5' MIN. OVERLAP
COLUMN 2
5 #4 CFRP BARS
AT 3" O.C.
13'-4" LONG
INSIDE RADIUS = 33'-9"
OUTSIDE RADIUS = 44'-2"
4 #4 CFRP BARS
38'-0" LONG
AT 3" O.C. (MAX.)
ON BEAM
CONSTRUCTION JOINT
(CJ1)
CJ2
8 #4 CFRP BARS AT
12" O.C. (MIN.) ON TOP OF SLAB
2
3'-0" LAP (MIN.)
13'-4"
1'-0"
COLUMN 3
INSIDE FACE ELEVATION: CFRP BAR LAYOUT
PEDESTRIAN OVERPASS PLAN VIEW: TOP FRP LAYOUT
16'-0"
1
10'-0"
20'-0"
22'-2"
8' 0- "
27'-9"
9" Bottom FRP Sheets 12" 1 PLY 24" WIDE 25'-9" LONG AT 36" O.C. TYP.) 1
9"
Bottom FRP Sheets
12"
1 PLY 24" WIDE
25'-9" LONG AT
36" O.C. TYP.)
1 PLY 24" WIDE
22'-0" LONG AT
36" O.C. (TYP.)
24"
4
4
3
COLUMN 3
1 PLY 24" WIDE
10'-6" LONG AT 36" O.C.
(7 STRIPS TOTAL)
COLUMN 2
1 PLY 24" WIDE
11'-7" LONG AT
36" O.C. (TYP.)
2
2
PEDESTRIAN OVERPASS PLAN VIEW: BOTTOM FRP LAYOUT
12'-7"
1
24"
Typical Section 12'-6" 1'-3" 10'-0" 1'-3" 3" 4 #4 CFRP BARS 38'-0" LONG AT 3" O.C.
Typical Section
12'-6"
1'-3"
10'-0"
1'-3"
3"
4 #4 CFRP BARS
38'-0" LONG
AT 3" O.C. (MAX.)
5 #4 CFRP BARS
13'-4" LONG
AT 3" O.C. (MAX.)
8 #4 CFRP BARS
38'-0" LONG AT 12" O.C.
5'-0"
1 PLY 24" WIDE
25'-9" LONG (TYP.)
SECTION
4
5'-6"

8"

#5 L-DOWELS AT 11" O.C.

VERTICALLY

#5 SKIN BARS AT 11" O.C.

#7 BOTTOM BARS

WITH 8" EMBEDMENT

#5 L-DOWEL AT 12" O.C.

8"

3"

5'-6"

VERTICALLY WITH 6" EMBEDMENT

SECTION A-A: SECTION DETAIL

OPENING

8'-0"

22'-2"

9'-10"

CJ 1

COLUMN 2

BRIDGE ELEVATION: REINFORCEMENT LAYOUT (NTS)

2" DEEP 2 TRENCH 2
2" DEEP
2
TRENCH
2

(MIN.) INTO PARAPET

#5 L-DOWELS AT 11" O.C.

#5 SKIN BARS AT 11" O.C. VERTICALLY

2 #7 BOTTOM BARS

EMBEDMENT

#5 L-DOWEL AT 12" O.C. WITH

5'-6"

#7 TOP BARS

P-T TENDONS

7 0.6" STRAND

VERTICALLY WITH 6" EMBEDMENT

5'-6"

(MIN.) INTO PARAPET

5'-0"

24 1/4"

SECTION B-B: END SECTION

10 1/2" 7 1/2" 1'-3" 3" 8" 8" EMBEDMENT 7 0.6" STRAND P-T TENDONS 2 #7
10 1/2"
7 1/2"
1'-3"
3"
8"
8"
EMBEDMENT
7 0.6" STRAND
P-T TENDONS
2 #7 TOP BARS
APPROX. 27"
6"
8" EMBEDMENT
A A B B 2 #7 TOP BARS #5 L-DOWELS AT 12" O.C. HORIZONTALLY WITH 6"
A
A
B
B
2 #7 TOP BARS
#5 L-DOWELS AT 12" O.C.
HORIZONTALLY WITH 6"
EMBEDMENT (MIN.) INTO PARAPET
#5 VERTICAL BARS AT 12" O.C.
WITH 8" EMBEDMENT
(MIN.)
2 #7 BOTTOM
BARS
#5 LONGITUDINAL
SKIN BARS AT 11" O.C.
VERTICALLY
4'-6"
THICKENED WALL
TRANSITION
(SEE SHEET S11)
BEAM

1'-3"

PT Enlargement Details

8" #5 L-DOWELS AT 11" O.C. VERTICALLY #5 SKIN BARS AT 11" O.C. #7 BOTTOM BARS
8" #5 L-DOWELS AT 11" O.C. VERTICALLY #5 SKIN BARS AT 11" O.C. #7 BOTTOM BARS

PT Concrete Enlargement

P-T Anchorages

PT Concrete Enlargement P-T Anchorages All-thread Bars
PT Concrete Enlargement P-T Anchorages All-thread Bars

All-thread Bars

PT Concrete Enlargement P-T Anchorages All-thread Bars
PT Concrete Enlargement P-T Anchorages All-thread Bars
PT Concrete Enlargement
PT Concrete Enlargement

PT Concrete Enlargement

Grout Tubes Installed
Grout Tubes Installed

Grout Tubes Installed

Strand Stressing – Lower P-T Tendon

PT Concrete Enlargement Grout Tubes Installed Strand Stressing – Lower P-T Tendon
PT Concrete Enlargement Grout Tubes Installed Strand Stressing – Lower P-T Tendon
PT Concrete Enlargement P-T Tendons Grouted – Finished Product
PT Concrete Enlargement
P-T Tendons Grouted – Finished Product
PART 2

PART 2

Micro-Reinforced Concrete

 
PART 2 Micro-Reinforced Concrete
Micro-Reinforced Concrete System Micro-Reinforced Concrete System
Micro-Reinforced Concrete System Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Cementitious Slurry Infiltration

Cementitious Slurry Infiltration Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Infiltrated Cage

Infiltrated Cage Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Standard Components

Welded

Wire Mesh

Welded Wire Mesh
Welded Wire Mesh

Cement

Premix

Cement Premix

Plasticizer

Plasticizer

Sand

Sand

Water

Water
Standard Components Welded Wire Mesh Cement Premix Plasticizer Sand Water + Self – Compacting Slurry Slurry

+

Self – Compacting

Standard Components Welded Wire Mesh Cement Premix Plasticizer Sand Water + Self – Compacting Slurry Slurry

Slurry

Standard Components Welded Wire Mesh Cement Premix Plasticizer Sand Water + Self – Compacting Slurry Slurry

Slurry infiltrated Micro-reinforced Concrete

Slurry infiltrated Micro-reinforced Concrete
Slurry infiltrated Micro-reinforced Concrete

Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Standard Components Welded Wire Mesh Cement Premix Plasticizer Sand Water + Self – Compacting Slurry Slurry

High Ductility

High Ductility Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Benefits

Benefits Energy Absorbing Thin & Light High Durability High Ductility Micro-Reinforced Concrete System
Benefits Energy Absorbing Thin & Light High Durability High Ductility Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Energy Absorbing

Benefits Energy Absorbing Thin & Light High Durability High Ductility Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Thin & Light

Benefits Energy Absorbing Thin & Light High Durability High Ductility Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

High

Durability

Benefits Energy Absorbing Thin & Light High Durability High Ductility Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

No Fragments

Benefits Energy Absorbing Thin & Light High Durability High Ductility Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

High Ductility

Technical Data

Compressive Strength

Tensile Strength

Shear Strength

= 16,000 psi – 23,000 psi

= 1,300 – 2,900 psi

= 1,000 – 2,300 psi

Young‘s-Modulus

Ductility factor

= 4.200 ksi – 5.800 ksi

> 10 (ultimate strain/ yieldstrain )

Strain Compatibility

Strain Compatibility Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Slab Details

Slab Details 6" 11'-0" 2 2 Ducon (thickness varies) 10'-0" 10'-6" Slab SF1-D & SF5-D 24"

6"

11'-0" 2 2 Ducon (thickness varies) 10'-0" 10'-6"
11'-0"
2
2
Ducon (thickness varies)
10'-0"
10'-6"

Slab SF1-D & SF5-D

24" 6" 7" Ducon (Thickness 1")
24"
6"
7"
Ducon
(Thickness 1")

Slab SF1-D

24" 6" 8" Ducon
24"
6"
8"
Ducon

(Thickness 2")

Slab SF5-D

Slabs: Surface Preparation

Slabs: Surface Preparation Substrate Surface Scarifier CSP-7 Surface Profile Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Substrate Surface Scarifier

Slabs: Surface Preparation Substrate Surface Scarifier CSP-7 Surface Profile Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

CSP-7 Surface Profile

Slab SF1-D: 1” Ducon

Slab SF1-D: 1” Ducon 10 or 20 Layers of Ducon Mesh Secured Using Tie Wire and
Slab SF1-D: 1” Ducon 10 or 20 Layers of Ducon Mesh Secured Using Tie Wire and
Slab SF1-D: 1” Ducon 10 or 20 Layers of Ducon Mesh Secured Using Tie Wire and

10 or 20 Layers of Ducon Mesh

Secured Using Tie Wire and

Duplex Nails

Slabs Fabrication: Placing DUCON Slurry into Forms

Slabs Fabrication: Placing DUCON Slurry into Forms Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Slabs Fabrication: Placing DUCON Slurry into Forms Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Slab: Finished Product

Slab: Finished Product Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Slab: Finished Product Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Cracking Pattern

Cracking Pattern Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Test Results

1” Thickness

Experimental Load (lb) 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 0 Experimental SD1 SF1-D SD1-D ACI
Experimental
Load (lb)
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
12000
14000
0
Experimental
SD1
SF1-D
SD1-D
ACI Predictions
ACI Predictions
SF1

0123456

Deflection (in)

Test Matrix

2” Thickness

25000 1 2 0 3 1.5 0.5 2.5 Load (lb) 10000 15000 20000 5000 Experimental Experimental
25000
1
2
0
3
1.5
0.5
2.5
Load (lb)
10000
15000
20000
5000
Experimental
Experimental
SD5-D
SF5-D
ACI
SF5
ACI
SD5
Predictions
Predictions
0

Deflection (in)

T-Beam Details

16"

4"
4"
11'-0" 1 1 U-Shape Ducon (thickness varies) 10'-0" 10'-6"
11'-0"
1
1
U-Shape Ducon
(thickness varies)
10'-0"
10'-6"

Beam BS2-D & BS5-D

T-Beam Details 16" 4" 11'-0" 1 1 U-Shape Ducon (thickness varies) 10'-0" 10'-6" Beam BS2-D &

36"

T-Beam Details 16" 4" 11'-0" 1 1 U-Shape Ducon (thickness varies) 10'-0" 10'-6" Beam BS2-D &
4" 16 3/4" 12" U-Shape Ducon (Thickness 1") 12" 14"
4"
16 3/4"
12"
U-Shape Ducon
(Thickness 1")
12"
14"

Beam BS2-D

  • 36"

T-Beam Details 16" 4" 11'-0" 1 1 U-Shape Ducon (thickness varies) 10'-0" 10'-6" Beam BS2-D &
4" 12" 17 1/2" U-Shape Ducon (Thickness 1.75") 12" 15 1/2"
4"
12"
17 1/2"
U-Shape Ducon
(Thickness 1.75")
12"
15 1/2"

BS5-D

Surface Preparation

Roughened Surface to ¼” Amplitude
Roughened Surface to ¼”
Amplitude

Beams: HUS-H Screw Anchor Layout

Beams: HUS-H Screw Anchor Layout Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Formwork Installation

Formwork Installation Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Finished Product

Finished Product Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Test Setup

Four-Points Bending Test

Test Setup Four-Points Bending Test Micro-Reinforced Concrete System
Test Setup Four-Points Bending Test Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Test Results

100000 0 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.7 0.4 Load (lb) 0 150000 200000 250000 1.75”
100000
0
0.1
0.2
0.5
0.6
0.3
0.7
0.4
Load (lb)
0
150000
200000
250000
1.75” Jacket
Experimental
1” Jacket
Experimental
Experimental
Benchmark
50000

Deflection (in)

Applications Repair & Strengthening Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Applications

Repair & Strengthening

Applications

Seismic Security Structural Waterproofing Strengthening
Seismic
Security
Structural
Waterproofing
Strengthening

Thin Overlay

Surface Repair / Slab Strengthening

Thin Overlay Surface Repair / Slab Strengthening Micro-Reinforced Concrete System
Thin Overlay Surface Repair / Slab Strengthening Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Column Enlargement

Column Enlargement 2.4” thick Micro-Reinforced Concrete System
Column Enlargement 2.4” thick Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

2.4” thick

Column Enlargement 2.4” thick Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Column Forms

Precast encasement before infiltration of RC

Column Forms Precast encasement before infiltration of RC ) Micro-Reinforced Concrete System
)
)
Column Forms Precast encasement before infiltration of RC ) Micro-Reinforced Concrete System
Column Forms Precast encasement before infiltration of RC ) Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

DUCON Column Forms

DUCON Column Forms Micro-Reinforced Concrete System
DUCON Column Forms Micro-Reinforced Concrete System
Applications Force Protection (Blast Mitigation) Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Applications

Force Protection (Blast Mitigation)

Contact Detonation Test Results

Front/ Attack Side

RC
RC
Contact Detonation Test Results Front/ Attack Side RC Breach, Spall and Projectiles NO Breach, NO Spall

Breach, Spall and Projectiles

NO Breach, NO Spall

NO Projectiles

Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Contact Detonation Test Results Front/ Attack Side RC Breach, Spall and Projectiles NO Breach, NO Spall

Contact Detonation Test Results

DUCON RC
DUCON
RC

Rear Side

Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Contact Detonation Test Results DUCON RC Rear Side Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Mortar Round Detonation Testing

Fragmentation Protection

Mortar Round Detonation Testing Fragmentation Protection 120 mm Mortar Impact Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

120 mm Mortar Impact

Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Mortar Round Detonation Testing Fragmentation Protection 120 mm Mortar Impact Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Column Blast Upgrade

Dynamic Finite Element Analysis

Column Blast Upgrade Dynamic Finite Element Analysis Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Column Blast Upgrade

Column Jacket

Combination of DUCON and Reinforced Concrete @ Full Height Columns

Column Blast Upgrade Column Jacket Combination of DUCON and Reinforced Concrete @ Full Height Columns Micro-Reinforced

Column Blast Upgrade

Columns Required Upgrades – Exterior View

Column Blast Upgrade Columns Required Upgrades – Exterior View Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Column Blast Upgrade

Mesh Installation - Full Height

Column Blast Upgrade Mesh Installation - Full Height Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Column Blast Upgrade

Partially Formed Column with Injection Points

Column Blast Upgrade Partially Formed Column with Injection Points Micro-Reinforced Concrete System
Column Blast Upgrade Partially Formed Column with Injection Points Micro-Reinforced Concrete System

Column Blast Upgrade

Completed Full Height Column Jacket

Column Blast Upgrade Completed Full Height Column Jacket Micro-Reinforced Concrete System
Thank You Tarek Alkhrdaji, PhD, PE Vice President – Engineering Services talkhrdaji@structural.net M: (410) 340-3260 Micro-Reinforced
Thank You Tarek Alkhrdaji, PhD, PE Vice President – Engineering Services talkhrdaji@structural.net M: (410) 340-3260 Micro-Reinforced

Thank You

Tarek Alkhrdaji, PhD, PE

Vice President – Engineering Services

talkhrdaji@structural.net

M: (410) 340-3260