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16 Laws And Rights Every Indian

Should Be Aware Of
There is nothing more empowering than knowing your country's laws and
rights. You never know when you might need to put them into use. While,
most of us are aware of some basic laws and rights, here are some of them
which we might not know about:
1. If your cylinder explodes you are entitled to Rs. 40 lakh cover!
Many of us are unaware that domestic LPG consumers are entitled to a cover
of Rs. 40 lakh in case of loss of life or damage to property due to cylinder

2. Your tenant can legally become the owner of the property you've rented out

Under the law of adverse possession, a person who can prove possession of
your land for 12 years can become the owner of it as well. For facts, one can

look up the Limitation Act of 1963. So, if you are leasing or renting property,
be careful!
3. Penalised for receiving gifts? Yes, they can be bribes.

Next time you receive a gift from a colleague, beware! You can be penalised
for it. The law is a smart move by the government to avoid taking bribery.
Know more about The Foreign Contribution Regulation Act 2010' here.

4. Only female officers can escort women to the police station

Not only do male officers have no right to escort a woman but she can refuse
to go to the police station between 6 pm to 6 am. In case of a serious crime, a
written permit from the magistrate is required for male officers to escort her.

5. The tax recovery officer can arrest and release you

In case of tax violations, the TRO has the right to arrest you. The tax
commissioner only decides how long can you be in custody, but your release
will be decided by the TRO. This has been mentioned in the Income-tax Act,

6. No traffic violation laws for non-motorised vehicles

Though it has been clarified that a golf cart is not allowed on the road but
there aren't any penalties against non motor vehicles like a cycles or
rickshaws, since they don't fall under the Motor Vehicles Act.

7. Women can lodge complaints through emails

Guidelines issued by the Delhi Police entitle women to the privilege of

registering a complaint via email or even through post if she can't go to the
police station.

8. Live-in relationships are not illegal

Though it is frowned upon in our country, but as long as both the adults are
ready to stay together, live-in relationships are not illegal. Moreover, live-in
relationships are considered to be 'equal to marriage' if certain conditions are
met few of which are pooling of financial and domestic arrangements,
entrusting the responsibility, sexual relationship, bearing children, socialization
in public and intention, conduct of the parties, etc. This is done to protect
women under the Domestic Violence Act. Also, children born out of live-in
relationships have the right to inherit their parent's property.

9. Political parties can solicit your vehicle during elections

During the time of elections, a political party can solicit your car or bike for
campaigning purposes after deciding a settlement with you. Also, parties
cannot offer free rides to and fro from poll booths.

10. If you have been fined once in the day you maybe excused after that

Riding around without a helmet can land you into trouble, but once you are
fined for it, the chalaanslip can get you out of being fined for the same till
midnight. Yes, but this is not an encouragement to do so. Be safe while

11. You don't have to pay the MRP, you can buy for less

MRP is the Maximum Retail Price. As consumers, you have the right to
bargain for a price below that. However, a seller can not go beyond the MRP.

12. If you aren't paid, file a complaint immediately

The Limitation Act states that if you aren't paid by someone who is contracted
to pay you, you need to file a complaint within 3 years. After that time period
your suit most likely will be dismissed, so being lazy about this is not an

13. 3 months in jail for PDA! (Public Display of Affection)

PDA within its limits is allowed but any obscene activity is punishable by law
for upto 3 months. Since the word obscene has not been defined, couples are
often harassed by policemen.

14. Head constables have limited prosecution power

No head constable can fine you for any offence which presently has a penalty
for more than Rs.100. But violation of more than one rule can result in
a challan of higher value. This was issued by the Delhi Traffic Police and
information about the same is available on their Facebook page.
Source: Top news

15. A police officer is always on duty, literally

The 1861 Police Act clearly states that a police officers is always on duty. If he
or she witnesses an act of crime or if an incident is brought to their knowledge
they can't say "I am not on duty" even if they aren't in uniform. Of course, they
are entitled to some rest because of the the hard work that they put in to their

16. The no sex divorce

As funny as it sounds, if a husband or a wife refuse sex post marriage, it can

be deemed as 'mental cruelty' and is a viable reason for divorce.

Remember, information is sacrosanct.

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