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CSEC MATHEMATICS
Past Paper Solution Jan 2008
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** Please see the original past paper for the questions.


Only the answers will be provided as per copyright obligations.

Q2.a

**********************************************************

if

Q1a. Jan 2008

11
28

..Mov 3 to RHS

2x< 4

..simplify

x < 2

..div both sides by 2

x > 2

..multiply both sides by (-1)


and reverse sign

step 2. Simplifying the denominator:


1 1
2
2 5

2x< 7 3

step 1. simplifying the numerator :


1 3
8 3
32 21
1 = =
7 4
7 4
28

3 2x 7

5 1

=
2 5

5
10

Q2a(ii)

1
2

The smallest whole number that satisfies the inequality is x = 0


Q2. b

step 3. Divide Numerator by denominator:


11 1

28 2
11 2

=
28 1

11
14

x xy= x x y

2.

a 1= a 1 a 1

3.

2
2p 2q p pq =

2 p q p p q

2 p p q

**********************************************************

(ii)

From the table given:

0.24
=
0.15

1.

24
=
15

0.24 100
0.15100

30 24
6
=
=
15
15

Money collected for sponge cake


Money collected for Chocolate cake
Money collected for fruit cake
2
5

**********************************************************

Total money collected = ( 2k + 10 + 10k + 8 k) = 20k + 10


If total momey collected = $140.

1.b

= 2 (k +5)
= 10k
= 4 2k =8k

20k + 10 = 140
k = (140 10) over 20 = 6.5

Cash Price = $319.95


Total hire purchase price =

$ 69 10$ 28.50

= $354.00

Difference in Cash & Hire purchase price


= 354.00 319.95 = $34.05
Difference as a percentage of cash price
=

34.05
100
319.95

= 10.64%

**********************************************************

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Q3
Step 3.

A
84

l, m

k, p

48
42

48

48

n, r

ABC
S T = l,m,k, p,q
S' = n, r, q

1.
2.

48 42

90

Triangle ABD is isoceles so base angles are equal =


Hence

*********************************************************

ABC

18048 48 = 84

48

*********************************************************

b)
The following diagrams are drawn to demonstrate the
theorems:
B

42

48

90
C

step1. Find angle BDC


Angles in a triangle = 180

DBC =

18090 42

48

step2. Find angle ABD


A

48

alternate
angles
48

Angle ABD = CDB

48

( alt. Angles)

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Q4.

Q5 a). Frequency Table


B

410km

A
7:30

# Boys = Frequency (y)

0
1
2
3
4

2
6
17
8
3

b) Total Boys =

time

14:20

# Books (x)

= (2 + 6 + 17 + 8 + 3) = 36

6 hrs + 50 min

c) Modal # Books read = 2

Time to travel from A to B


=

( most (17) boys read this


amount of books)

14:20 7 :30 = 6hrs + 50 min = 6.833 hrs


Distance from A to B = 410km
d) Total books read =

Avg, Speed =

Distance
= 410 over 6.8333 = 60 km/h
time

f x

(20) + (6 1) + (17 2) + (8 3) + (3 4)

= 76

b)
e) Mean number of books read
r = 3.5cm

Total books
# boys

76
36

= 2.1

f) Prob that a boy read 3 or more books = P( books >= 3)


P( books >=3) =

Note the following:


The unshaded portion represents a quarter(1/4) of a circle:
Shaded portion = area of square unshaded area
2

i) Area of circle of radius ( r = 3.5cm) =

3.5

unshaded area = ( circle)

= (39.5) =

ii) Area of square of side 3.5 cm

3.5

# boys reading >= 3 books


Total Boys
83
=
36

11
36

= 38.5 cm2
9.625 cm

= 12.25 cm 2

iii) Shaded Area = area of square unshaded area


=

12.25 9.625

= 2.625 cm 2

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Question 6 Transformation

6.b
Z

5.5 cm

10.9 cm

60

Note from the diagram above that if object P rotated by


0
0
0
(90 +90 )=180 about the origin in a clockwise direction,
it will be mapped unto image Q.
Q6 a.(i)
From the diagram shown on the past paper,
BCL is therefore mapped unto FHL by: A clockwise rotation of
0
180 about the origin L.

So:

7 cm

Construction details.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

R(180) : B ( x , y) F ( x , y)
6.

Draw straight line WX = 7cm


ZWX using compass
Construct 600
Measure WZ = 5.5cm
Set compass to a separation of 7cm and with centre
Z, construct an arc above X.
Set compass to a separation of 5.5 cm and with
centre X, construct a second arc to intersect the
first arc. The intersection of the two arcs is the
point Y.
Measure WY = 10.9cm

Q6 a.(ii)
P
1

Q
4

Note from the diagram above that if object P Translated by 1


unit down and 4 units to the right, then this is represented by a
Translation T = (4,-1). which would map P onto Q.

So: BCL is mapped unto HFG by a translation T


represented by: T = (4,-1)

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Q 7 a)

Question 8

y
5

x
y

-1
5

0
0

1
-3

2
-4

3
-3

4
0

5
5

Series

Sum

Formula

1+2+3

1
(3 )(3 +1)
2

1+2+3+4+5+6

21

1
(6)(6+1)
2

1+2+3+..........+ n

Series

sum

1+2+3

1
n n 1
2

y=2
2

( 4.4, 2 )

( - 0.4, 2 )
1

-1

Formula
1
3 3 1
2

x
3

..+

...+ 8 3

36

..+ 123

78

1 2 3

1 2 3

1 2 3

12

1 2 3

-1

-2
2

-3
2

-4

Q7 C(ii)

Where :

Coordinates of intersection = ( 4.4, 2 ) and ( - 0.4, 2 )


=

Q7 C(iii)

1 2 3

(
[

)
]

1
(3) (3+ 1)
2

1
( n)( n+1)
2
1
8 8 1
2

1
12 121
2

...+ 123
2

1
12 121
2

= 782 = 6084

n.b: the value of 6024 shown on the CXC website is incorrect

The curve and the line intersects at the point where:


2

x 4x=2

so

2
x 4x 2 = 0 will give the roots ( -0.4, and 4.4)

The equation is therefore:

2
x 4x 2 = 0

or

f x= x 4x 2

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Section II

Question -10 Linear programming

Inverse variation so:

Let

1
P

V=

k
P

represents the # balls and


y
represents the # bats :

Where:
( k is a constant)

1.

x y 30

( no more than 30 items)

2.

6x 24y 360

( budget is $360

finding k
now:

12.8=

k
500

P=

so if v = 480

k=

6,400
480

12.8500=6,400

The Graphs of these two inequations are shown below:


n.b.
watch video Lesson1: graphing linear inequations:

= 13.3

watch video Lesson2: solving a linear program


**************************************************

b)
2

For a right angle triangle

h =x y

Profit is $1 per ball and $3 per bat


.. ( Pythgoras theorem)
Bats

30

h = 13
y=5

x + y = 30
25

x = 12
20

so if

h =a 1
2

x= a ,

y=a 7

a 1 =a a 7

a 2a1 =a a 14a 49

0 = a 16a 48

0 = a 4 a 12

(0, 15)

(20, 10) Max profit = $50

a = 4,

15

or a = 12

10

6x + 24y = 360
x> = 0

5
y> = 0

(30, 0)

since y must not be negative, we will choose a = 12


the result is shown in the diagram.

10

Given Profit:

20

30

40

50

60

ball

P =x+3y

The max profit is found at one of the vertices of the shaded


area.
Vertex

# Balls (x)

# Bats (y)

P =x +3y

15

$45

20

10

$50

30

$30

Vertex 2 ( 20 Balls and 10 Bats) gives the maximum profit of


$50,
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Q 11. Geometry & Trig

Q11 b)

Please see the past paper for the actual drawing:

N
125m

The drawings shown below are general drawings use to


explain the theorems.

80o

190o

Y
134.1 m

50o

75m

100o
C

Since the bearing C from B is


Theorem1.

Then

ABC +190

so:

ABC =80

190

270

Angle at the center = twice angle at the circumference


i.e

WOY =2WXY

so

WOY =2 (50)=100

Finding AC:
0

Use the cosine rule since we know 2 sides + included angle


Now AB = c = 125m;
2

so

Triangle OWY is isocesles so, base angles are equal

b =125 75 2 12575 Cos80

b = 134.1m = AC

Finding Bearing C from A

40
O

ABC =80

b = a c 2ac.CosB

Q11 a(ii)

BC = a = 75m ;

100o

N
90o

125m

40

80o

B
190o

W
134.1 m

OWY

OYW

180100

40

75m

**************************************************

Bearing C from A =

90 + x

using the sine rule:

sin x =

x=

75
sin80 =0.54914
134.1

1
sin 0.54914 =

therefore Bearing C from A =


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sin x
sin 80
=
75
134.1

33.4

90 33.4=123.4

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Q12. Angle of Elevation

13 . Vectors & matrices


(i)

Q
B

2.5
5
28.58

Now

tan 5 =

2.5
AB

2.5
0
Tan5

so: AB =

= 28.58m

AC

(ii)Finding

BC

***************************************************************
B

C
10.4
20
28.58

A
B

12.9m

E
2.5
B

Now

tan 20 =

so CE =

CE
28.58

28.58 Tan20

and BC = BE + CE =

AC

To find vector : A C
Imagine that you are at Point A , and you need to get to
point C.
You will need to first travel from A to B, and then from
B to C.
Note the direction of the arrows:

= 10.4
2.5 10.4

= 12.9m

So :

AC

A
B +

BC

But we know that :

AB =

and

= 3y
BC

so:

= 2x +3y
AC

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2x

= 2 ( x +1.5y)
AC

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PQ

Finding

B
x

is the vector from Point R to pointT

So if you once again imagine that you are at R and need to


get to T, you must first go from R to O , anf then from
O to T

1.5 y
Q

1.5 y

PQ

AC

so:

+O T
R T = R O

Now recall that

RO

= O R

This simply means that going from R to O is the reverse of


going from O to R

To get from P to Q we must first go from P to B and then


from B to Q
So :

R T

Now the vector

=P

PQ
B B Q

but
and

PB

1
AB =
2

1
(2x) = x
2

1
BC =
2

1
(3y) = 1.5y
2

BQ

RO

hence

RT

O T =


5
2

3
4

+
RO

O T

( )+
5
2

3
4

2
6

To find

SR : Consider Triangle OSR

S( -1, 6 )

S
R

1
AC
2

3
4

= x 1.5 y
PQ

PQ

, and
( )

RT

(iii) Now recall that :


=
2 ( x+15 y)
AC

= 2PQ
so:

O
R

so given

R( 3, 4 )

O
S

13.b

O
R

S( -1, 6 )
O

OT

R( 3, 4 )

T( 5, - 2 )

O
S

O
R

Similarly, to get from S to R, we first go from S to O and


then O to R

R T

OT

To find

T( 5, - 2 )

RT :

The three position vectors


equation is:

O
S ,

O
R vector triangle

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SO

so:

S
R

but

O
S =

SO

O
S

so :

S
R

( )

O
R

1
6

1
6

( )
=
1
6
3
4

( reverse the signs)

4
2

10

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n.b: The value of

( )
4
2

shown on the official CXC website is

(incorrect)

OF

13b ii (a) Position Vector


S( -1, 6 )

R( 3, 4 )

O
S

RF

O
R

F ( 4, 1)

O
F

F T

O T

To find :
so:

O
F we can go from O to R , then from R to F

O
F =

O
R

+ R F

But

=
RF

F T =

1
RT
2

so

OF =

O
R +

1
RT
2

3
4

+
=

so:

T( 5, - 2 )

OF

( )
+ ( )
1 2
2 6

3
4

1
3

4
1

b) The coordinates of point F are found directly from the


position vector, = (4, 1)

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14 Matrices
if

Note:

AB = C
A

(2 1 )

Additional Past Paper Type practice questions and answers


are available in our: Vectors and Matrices Practice
WORKBOOK for CSEC students:
Available for immediate download at www.cxcDirect.org

B
C
1
x
= ( 5 6)
y 2

2+y =5
and 2x 2 = 6
y=3 , and

x= 4

Matrix is singular if the determinant = 0

Det of

2 1
1
3

= 6 +1 = 7

Therefore matrix is not Singular.


***************************************************************

Inverse of matrix is

2 1
1
3

= 1/7

3 1
1 2

***************************************************************

matrix times its inverse is:


1/7

= 1/7

3 1
1 2

2 1
1
3


7 0 = 1 0
0 7
0 1

= 1/7

6 1 3 3
2 2 16

= Identity Matrix (I)

***************************************************************

The Equation is shown below in Matrix form:

=
=

2 1
1
3

0
7

x
y

2 1
1
3

x
y

0
7

Inverse was found above as: 1/7

3 1
1 2

0
7

1/7

x = 1/7 (0 + 7) = 1

y = 1/7 ( 0 + 14) = 2

x = 1,

and

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3 1
1 2

x
y

y=2

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