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Correct the underlined mistakes!

(look at the numbers at the end of each sentence to refer to the numbers of the explanation)
1. After listen to the music, my heart lighted up a bit. My burden drifted away. 7.3
2. Are you sure that he will ever being here at this very late hour? 3.1
3. Well, I am thinking of go abroad now that money is no longer an issue for me. 7.3
4. He enjoys take a little walk in the park after work. It is so much pleasant! 7.2
5. The man across the street has just drop his wallet. Lets wait until hes gone! 2
6. Are we supposed do this test again? Didnt you say that weve already passed? 1.2
7. I confessed that I has stolen your money when you were not looking. 5
8. I fell asleep in the classroom because of I stayed up late last night. 6
9. Please passing me that little box! you were almost stepping on it. 8.1
10. Can you possibly told me the exact time of the incident? It will help a lot. 9
11. Drive slow so that you will not end up in a hospital! Or else, in the graveyard! 10
12. Your rooms curtain is dirty. It needs cleaning. Ill do it for you. 11
13. I will like to interview you at any time you feel most convenient. 1.1
14. Study English gives me a lot of pleasure like I was doing my hobby. 7.1
15. What tall those buildings are! I wonder how anybody can get to the top floor. 19
16. I was ask to return the money I have borrowed, but I am still broke, you see! 3.2
17. Youve been very successful with your study lately. I hope you can keep up it. 12.1
18. Do they going to find out what we secretly talked about behind him? 13
19. The man who takes her home after school turn out to be her boyfriend, not her father. 14
20. Everyone shall agree that it is boring waiting for hours without nothing to do at all. 1.2
21. My tooth aches, I will have it check by the dentist this afternoon. 15
22. The dangerous of living in a jungle is the attack of wild animals. 18
23. I really love your creative. You always come up with something new. 18
24. After following the speech training, I believe I will can speak better in public. 9,2
25. Please forgive me for absent-minded. Many things have confused me these days. 7.3
26. Have you receive the message I sent you the other day? Why didnt you respond to it? 2
27. I am sure he is enjoy the sunset right now. I wish I were there with him. 3.3
28. I am always shocking when I hear some bad news. It takes me a while to recover. 16
29. She says that when we were together on the beach. It was so beautiful. 20
30. You were just jealous to me. Come on, admit it! 17.2
31. Our group consists from three male and two female students. 17.1
32. Do I need telling you what I feel inside so that you have a reason to mock at me? 1.1
33. Youve been give this responsibility, so you must really take care of it! 3.2
Rainbow 2

EXPLANATION TO THE EXERCISE


1. TO INFINITIVE
1.1 (VERB + TO INFINITIVE) contoh verbs nya: decide, fail, hope, want, need, expect,
would like, plan, dll.
He failed to join the army
he continued to pursue his career.
They decided to expell him.
For more information click http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/verblist.htm
1.2 ADJECTIVE + TO INFINITIVE) nice, glad, sad, easy, sorry, happy, pleased, excited,
reluctant, eager, proud, determined, likely, prepared, relieved, supposed, hesitant, dll.
He is supposed to study harder.
I am releaved to hear the good news.
I am so glad to see you.

It is nice to meet you.


For more information click http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/infinitive3c.html
2. S + HAVE/HAS/HAD + V3
menyatakan perbuatan yang sudah dilakukan.
I have taken a bath. (Saya sudah mandi)
He has cheated on me. (dia sudah menghianati saya)
They had begun even before I came. (mereka sudah mulai bahkan sebelum saya datang)
Nama Tenses (Present/Past Perfect Tense) Cari tahu lebih banyak!
3. TO BE
Contohnya: IS, AM, ARE, WAS, WERE, BE, BEEN, BEING, TO BE
Fungsi to be:
3.1 Sebagai Pengganti kata kerja
- I am very happy today/ He is rich/ we are students/ dll (waktu sekarang)
- I was hungry/ we were poor/ I was a boy/ dll (waktu lampau)
- I will be there for you/ We shall be rich/ dll (akan datang)
- I have been lonely/ she has been pregnant/ they had been such liars (sudah)
- She is being kind (tidak biasanya)
3.2 Sebagai pembentuk kalimat pasif (TOBE + V3)
- I am loved by every body/He is despised by people/ we are admired (sekarang)
- He was cheated/ we were sent abroad last year (lampau)
- She will be interviewed by the journalist/ we shall be released soon (akan datang)
- The man has been interrogated for an hour/ They have been punished (sudah)
- The road is being repaired/ The topics are being discussed/ I am being watched
(sedang terjadi)
3.3 Menyatakan aktivitas yang sedang terjadi (TO BE + VERBing)
(Present Continuous Tense)
He is listening to the music now/ I am studying English/ we are talking/ dll.
4. WORDS + VERBING
to be used to, to be accustomed to, object to, lead to, admit to, confess to, dll
I am used to staying up late. (saya terbiasa begadang)
He is accustomed to getting up early. (Dia terbiasa bangun pagi)
He objects to doing it all by himself. (Dia keberatan melakukannya sendirian)
or Click http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/verblist.htm
5. PARALLEL SENTENCE
Bila induk kalimat past tense maka anak kalimat dalam bentuk past pula.
He said he had finished his work.
He declared that he could climb that mountain.
6. BECAUSE VS BECAUSE OF
Because diikuti oleh kalimat sedangkan because of diikuti kata/kumpulan kata.
I didnt come because I had some important work to do.
He didnt have his breakfast because he didnt have money.
I have lost my wallet because of you.
We couldnt come because of the rain.

7. GERUND
Gerund andalah kata kerja plus ing yang berfungsi sebagian sebagai kata benda
sekaligus juga kata kerja.
Letak Gerund:
7.1. Diawal kalimat sebagai subject.
Eating too many apples makes my stomach ache.
(makan terlalu banyak apel membuat saya sakit perut)
Sleeping all day long gives me headache.
(Tidur seharian membuat saya sakit kepala)
7.2. Setelah kata kerja tertentu sebagai object.
contoh verbs nya: like, hate, admit, allow, anticipate, avoid, cant help, consider, cant
stand, cease, delay, deny, despise, dont mind, dread, enjoy, keep dll.
I enjoy looking out at sea.
He denied owing me some money.
I admit cheating on you all this time.

7.3. Setelah preposisi


Contoh Preposisi: of, in, on, from, before, after, besides, dll.
Before eating my lunch, I changed my clothes.
I sleep so well after taking those pills.
I am sorry for coming late atau I am sorry for being late.
8.

IMPERATIVE STATEMENT (KALIMAT PERINTAH)


8.1. Gunakan kata kerja 1 (Verb1)
Open the door for me, please!
Please, Give me all your money!
8.2. Gunakan be dengan kata selain kata kerja
Be careful!Be patient, please/ Be happy with your life/ Be a good boy!
8.3.
Gunakan DONT untuk melarang
Dont open that door, please!
Dont be too serious!

9. MODAL
(can, must, may, will, shall, could, might, would, should, dll.)
9.1. Modal selalu diikuti kata kerja 1 (dan boleh diselingi oleh keterangan/adverb)
He can swim across this river.
You may go now.
I will give you all that I have.
I could never forgive him.
I will always love you, hon!
9.2. Bila ada dua modal bersebelahan, modal yang kedua diganti dengan persamaannya.
Persamaan modal:

Can= be able to, may=be allowed to, must/should=have to


I will can speak English in only two months. (salah)
I will be able to speak English in two months. (benar)
(Saya akan dapat berbicara dalam bahasa Inggris dalam dua bulan)
You may must deliever a speech at the end of the meeting. (salah)
You may have to deliver a speech at the end of the meeting (benar)
(Kamu mungkin harus menyampaikan pidato di akhir pertemuan itu)
10. ADJECTIVE VS ADVERB
Kata sifat VS kata keterangan
Kata sifat (adjective) menerangkan kata benda sedangkan Kata keterangan (adverb)
menerangkan kata kerja (verb)
She is beautiful/She dances beautifully.
He is very nice/ He speaks nicely to me.
He is a very careful boy/He does his work carefully.
11. APOSTROPHE S (S)
Apostrophe S (S) biasanya hanya digunakan untuk menunjukkan kepemilikan bagi
manusia
Johns house (rumah John)
Mary hair (rambut Mary)
The mans shirt (baju orang itu) dll.
Untuk selain manusia gunakan OF
The windows of the house (jendela rumah itu)
The roof of my house (atap rumah saya) dll.
12. TWO WORD VERBS
(Kata kerja yang terdiri dari dua atau lebih dari dua kata)
12.1. Boleh dipisahkan/Separable Verbs (take off, put on, put off, turn on, dll)
Your jacket is wet, take it off (Jaket kamu basah, lepaskan saja)
We cannot have the meeting now, put it off. (Kita tidak bisa menyelenggarakan
pertemuan itu, tunda saja)
Note: Bila objectnya pronoun (him, me, it, her, you, them, us) maka wajib dipisahkan
Bila objectnya panjang sebaiknya dipisahkan saja:
Dont put off what you can do today!(benar)
Dont put what you can do today off! (salah)
12.2. Tidak boleh dipisahkan dengan objectnya/Inseparable Verbs (look for, listen to, wait
for, respond to dll)
I looked for you everywhere. (benar)
I looked you for everywhere. (salah)
Listen to him carefully! (benar)
Listen him to carefully! (salah)
Did you wait for me? (benar)
Did you wait me for? (salah)

13. TO BE GOING TO
To be going to berfungsi untuk menunjukkan suatu aktivitas yang akan terjadi yang
biasanya disertai dengan kesungguhan/tekat.
-

I am going to marry you.


He is going to punish you soon.
They are going to find you sooner or later!

14. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE


S + V1(s/es) + (O) + (adverb)
Menunjukkan aktivitas yang merupakan suatu kebiasaan.
They drink milk every morning.
I go to campus on foot every day.
He drinks milk every morning.
One of my friends drinks milk every morning.
She washes her clothes all by herself.
Catatan: bila subjectnya tunggal (selain You dan I), maka kata kerja ditambahkan S/ES
Cari tahu lebih banyak mengenai tenses ini! (google atau cari di buku grammar)
15. CAUSATIVE CASE
(S + HAVE/HAS/HAD + O + V3)
Berfungsi untuk menyatakan suatu aktivitas yang dilakukan oleh orang lain atas kehendak
/suruhan dari seseorang yang merupakan Subject pada kalimat tersebut.
Contoh:
John had his tooth pulled. (John menyuruh seseorang (dokter gigi) agar giginya dicabut)
I will have my house repainted (Saya akan menyuruh seseorang agar rumah saya dicat ulang)
16. PRESENT PARTICIPLE (VERBING) VS PAST PARTICIPLE (V3)
Present participle mengandung pengertian aktif atau dalam bahasa indonesia
menggunakan awalan me-, sedangkan Past participle mengandung pengertian pasif)
-

Boring (membosankan) VS Bored (bosan)


Surprising (mengagetkan) VS Surprised (kaget)
Shocking (mengejutkan) VS Shocked (terkejut)
Frightening (menakutkan) VS Frightened (takut)
Exciting (menyenangkan) VS Excited (senang)
Interesting (menarik) VS Interested (tertarik)
Enchanting (memukau) VS Enchanting (terpukau)
Silahkan pilih sesuai dengan maksud yang hendak diutarakan

The show is very interested /pertunjukkan itu sangat tertarik(salah)


The show is very interesting/pertunjukan itu sangat menarik (benar)
I am shocked to hear the news of his passing. (benar)
(saya kaget mendengar kabar kematiannya)
I am shocking to hear the news of his passing. (kalimat yang aneh)
(Saya mengagetkan mendengar kabar kematiannya)
17. VERBS + PREPOSITION dan ADJECTIVE + PREPOSITION

Beberapa kata kerja dan kata sifat memiliki kata depan (preposition) mereka sendiri dan
selalu digunakan bersamaan bila ada objectnya.
17.1. Verb + preposition
- Listen to, wait for, look at, consist of, respond to, search for, dll. (Verbs)
I listen to music every day/ He never responded to my proposal at all/ This is
something I have been waiting for.
17.2. Adjective + Preposition
- Ashamed of, curious about, afraid of, jealous of, dll.
I am curious about the news (saya ingin tahu tentang kabar itu)
He is jealous of me. (Ia cemburu pada ku)
I am not afraid of you. (saya tidak takut padamu)
18. ADJECTIVE and VERB to NOUN
Kata sifat (ADJECTIVE) dan kata kerja (VERB) harus diubah menjadi kata benda bila
menempati posisi kata benda (NOUN).
My happy will never end as long as you are here with me (salah)
My happiness will never end as long as you are here with me (benar)
Your lucky makes them jealous (salah)
Your luck makes them jealous (benar)
Their respond really made us disappointed. (salah)
Their response really made us disappointed. (benar)
Are you still expecting his arrive at this hour late at night? (salah)
Are you still expecting his arrival at this hour late at night? (benar)
(Cari tahu lebih banyak mengenai kata benda yang berasal dari kata sifat dan kata kerja)
19. HOW VS WHAT
HOW dan WHAT bisa diterjemahkan sebagai ALANGKAH atau BETAPA.
Perbedaannya adalah HOW diikuti oleh kata sifat/keterangan (ADJECTIVE/ADVERB
sedangkan WHAT diikuti oleh kata benda (NOUN)
contoh:
How nice! (alangkah baiknya!)
How beautiful these parks are! (Alangkah indahnya taman-taman ini!)
How sleepy I am right now! (Alangkah ngantuknya saya sekarang!)
What a kind boy he is! (Alangkah baiknya anak itu!)
What a boring speech it was! (Alangkah membosankannya pidato itu!)
What big houses you have! (Alangkah besarnya rumah-rumah yang kamu miliki!)
20. PAST TENSE
S + V2 + (O) + (Adverb)
Menyatakan aktivitas yang terjadi di masa lewat.
I ate my breakfast this morning.
He sat all alone in the park yesterday.
She walked home from campus by herself last week.

GOOD LUCK