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Flying with Data Link

Tuesday, March 18, 2014 4:00 p.m. 5:30 p.m.)

PRESENTED BY:
Sean Sheldon
Gulfstream Aerospace

International Operators Conference | Tampa, FL | March 17 20, 2014

Flying with Data Link


Operational Overview
Connectivity
AOC Aircraft Operational Communication

ATS Air Traffic Services


FANS1/A+ CPDLC/ADS-C
ATN B1 CPDLC (Link 2000+)

Operating Lessons Learned

Flying with Data Link


Connectivity
VHF Data
Mode 2 coverage growing globally

INMARSAT
I-4 mature
I-4 Alphasat replacing I-4F2 for EMEA
Beijing Satellite Access Station
ORT update
I-5 in deployment phase

Iridium
FANS 1/A approved
Iridium Next in deployment phase

Flying with Data Link


AOC Aeronautical Operational Communication
Service providers continue to add value driven products

Flying with Data Link


ATS Air Traffic Services
Started with Oceanic Route Clearance Authorization
Expanding DCL Departure Clearance access, Auto D-ATIS

Flying with Data Link


FANS 1/A
Near global oceanic coverage
Continental domestic coverage's expanding
United States
30/30 RNP4 with CPDLC/ADS-C Anchorage
Initiated ground clearance via CPDLC at some Towers
Canada implemented domestic CPDLC
Nav Canada AIC 38/12
Australia
Melbourne
Brisbane
Africa
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Flying with Data Link


FANS 1/A+ CPDLC/ADS-C
Gulfstream 450/550/650 FANS 1/A+ in service: March 1, 2014
G450: 170
G550: 266
G650: 60

Flying with Data Link


FANS 1/A+ CPDLC/ADS-C
G450/G550 LOGON

G650 LOGON

Flying with Data Link


FANS 1/A+ CPDLC/ADS-C
ADS Contracts

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Flying with Data Link


FANS 1/A+ CPDLC/ADS-C
Altitude Request

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Flying with Data Link


Link 2000+ ATN B1 CPDLC

Available 2014 for G450/G550/G650

Most business jet FMSs providing dual stack interface differences

Must be accepted by Eurocontrol Included in White List

Link 2000+ Flight Crew Data Link Operational Guidance Version 5

Currently available

Geneva
London
Maastricht
Rhein
Scottish
Zurich

LSAG
EGTT
EDYY
EDUU
EGPX
LSAZ

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Flying with Data Link


Link 2000+ ATN B1 CPDLC
ATN B1 pages

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Flying with Data Link


Pacific versus Atlantic
Procedures do differ and you must be prepared
Pacific
Wants CPDLC position report after FIR entry to confirm CDA

Atlantic
Gander and Shanwick maintain nearly identical procedures
If aircraft is tagged for Reduced Longitudinal
Gander sends NDA 80 min prior to 30 West for eastbound
Prestwick sends NDA 60 min prior to 30 West for westbound
Preparing for RNP 4 and Reduced Lateral Separation

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Flying with Data Link


Operating Lessons Learned
Be prepared Training and Knowledge
Uncertainty or inattention lead to errors

Operational errors are reported by ATC to the Central Reporting


Agency
ATC will want answers as to why there were errors

ATC or Network failures

Fire in Gander Center


Power failure at Arinc
SITA GES failure
Iridium outage/degrade
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Flying with Data Link


Operating Lessons Learned
Do not include CPDLC/ADS-C codes unless you are authorized
and intend to use it!
FANS Block 10a/b J4J5/D1
ATN Block 10a J1

ATC Response Expectation


Required Surveillance Performance
Required Communication Performance
Crew expected to respond within 60 seconds

Human factors in managing processing of uplinks and downlinks

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Flying with Data Link


Problem Reports
Crew failed to respond to uplinks
Pilot clearance: "Maintain FL340, At 0807 Climb To And Maintain
FL360, Report Level at FL360". At 0746 the pilot WILCO'd the
climb. At 0747 they advised "Level FL360". Pilot reported that the
clearance was not displayed with the restriction to climb at 0807
Pilot was issued a restricted clearance: "Maintain FL350, At 1810
Climb To And Maintain FL370, Report Level at FL370". At 1749
the pilot WILCO'd the climb. At 1751 they advised "Level FL370".
Pilot reported that the clearance was not displayed with the
restriction to climb at 1810

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