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CCNA 4 Final Exam V4.

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CCNA 4 Final Exam V4.0 Answers Updated 2011 100%
1. What functionality do access control lists provide in the
implementation of dynamic NAT on a Cisco router?
define which addresses can be translated
define which addresses are assigned to a NAT pool
define which addresses are allowed out the router
define which addresses can be accessed from the inside network
2. Which three guidelines would help contribute to creating a strong
password policy? (Choose three.)
Once a good password is created, do not change it.
Deliberately misspell words when creating passwords.
Create passwords that are at least 8 characters in length.
Use combinations of upper case, lower case, and special characters.
Write passwords in locations that can be easily retrieved to avoid being locked
Use long words found in the dictionary to make passwords that are easy to
Refer to the exhibit. Every time the administrator reboots this router,
the boot process ends in setup mode. What is a possible problem?
There is insufficient RAM for the IOS to load on this router.
A password recovery process should be done on this router.
The bootstrap version and the version of the IOS are different.
The IOS image is damaged and must be reloaded using tftpdnld.
The configuration register is set to ignore the startup configuration.
4. Which option correctly defines the capacity through the local loop
guaranteed to a customer by the service provider?

Refer to the exhibit. A host connected to Fa0/0 is unable to acquire an IP
address from the DHCP server. The output of the debug ip dhcp server
command shows DHCPD: there is no address pool for What is
the problem?
The address is already configured on Fa0/0.
The default router for the 10Network pool is incorrect.
The ip helper-address must be added to Fa0/0 interface.
The pool of addresses for the 10Network pool is incorrect.
6. Which data link layer encapsulation protocol is used by default for
serial connections between two Cisco routers?
Frame Relay
Refer to the exhibit. Which statement correctly describes how Router1
processes an FTP request that enters interface s0/0/0 and is destined
for an FTP server at IP address
The router matches the incoming packet to the statement that was created by
the access-list 201 deny icmp any command,
continues comparing the packet to the remaining statements in ACL 201 to
ensure that no subsequent statements allow FTP, and then the router drops the
The router reaches the end of ACL 101 without matching a condition and drops
the packet because there is no statement that was created by the access-list
101 permit ip any any command.
The router matches the incoming packet to the statement that was created by
the access-list 101 permit ip any command and
allows the packet into the router.

It matches the incoming packet to the statement that was created by the
access-list 201 permit ip any any command and allows the packet into the
8. Compared with IDS systems, what can IPS systems do to provide
further protection of computer systems?
detect potential attacks
stop the detected attack from executing
update OS patches for computer systems
scan computer systems for viruses and spyware
9. Which IEEE 802.16 broadband wireless technology allows users to
connect to the ISP at speeds comparable to DSL and cable?
Metro Ethernet
10. A network administrator has changed the VLAN configurations on his
network switches over the past weekend. How can the administrator
determine if the additions and changes improved performance and
availability on the company intranet?
Conduct a performance test and compare with the baseline that was established
Interview departmental secretaries and determine if they think load time for web
pages has improved.
Determine performance on the intranet by monitoring load times of company
web pages from remote sites.
Compare the hit counts on the company web server for the current week to the
values that were recorded in previous weeks.
Refer to the exhibit. What is the meaning of the term dynamic in the
output of the command?
The bandwidth capability of the interface increases and decreases automatically
based on BECNs.
The Serial0/0/1 interface acquired from a DHCP server.
The mapping between DLCI 100 and was learned through Inverse ARP.

DLCI 100 will automatically adapt to changes in the Frame Relay cloud.
12. Which type of ACL will permit traffic inbound into a private network
only if an outbound session has already been established between the
source and destination?
13. Which two statements are true about IPv6 link local addresses?
(Choose two.)
They begin with the 2000::/3 prefix.
They begin with the FE80::/10 prefix.
They are assigned by IANA to an organization.
They must be manually configured by the administrator.
They are assigned to a host by a stateless autoconfiguration process.
14. A company is looking for a WAN solution to connect its headquarters
site to four remote sites. What are two advantages that dedicated
leased lines provide compared to a shared Frame Relay solution?
(Choose two.)
reduced jitter
reduced costs
reduced latency
the ability to burst above guaranteed bandwidth
the ability to borrow unused bandwidth from the leased lines of other customers
Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator is trying to connect R1
remotely to make configuration changes. Based on the exhibited
command output, what will be the result when attempting to connect to
failure to connect due to Telnet not being enabled
failure to connect due to incomplete configuration for Telnet
a successful connection and ability to make configuration changes

a successful connection but inability to make configuration changes because of

the absence of an enable secret password
16. What are two effective measures for securing routers? (Choose two.)
Protect all active router interfaces by configuring them as passive interfaces.
Configure remote administration through VTY lines for Telnet access.
Use quotes or phrases to create pass phrases.
Disable the HTTP server service.
Enable SNMP traps.
17. An issue of response time has recently arisen on an application
server. The new release of a software package has also been installed
on the server. The configuration of the network has changed recently. To
identify the problem, individuals from both teams responsible for the
recent changes begin to investigate the source of the problem. Which
statement applies to this situation?
Scheduling will be easy if the network and software teams work independently.
It will be difficult to isolate the problem if two teams are implementing changes
Results from changes will be easier to reconcile and document if each team
works in isolation.
Only results from the software package should be tested as the network is
designed to accommodate the proposed software platform.
Refer to the exhibit. From the output of the show interfaces and ping
commands, at which layer of the OSI model is a fault indicated?
data link
19. Which technology is used to dynamically map next hop, network
layer addresses to virtual circuits in a Frame Relay network?
Inverse ARP

20. An administrator learns of an e-mail that has been received by a
number of users in the company. This e-mail appears to come from the
office of the administrator. The e-mail asks the users to confirm their
account and password information. Which type of security threat does
this e-mail represent?
Refer to the exhibit. Which data transmission technology is being
Refer to the exhibit. Results of the show vlan and show vtp status
commands for switches S1 and S2 are displayed in the exhibit. VLAN 11
was created on S1. Why is VLAN 11 missing from S2?
There is a Layer 2 loop.
The VTP domain names do not match.
Only one switch can be in server mode.
S2 has a higher spanning-tree priority for VLAN 11 than S1 does.
23. What is the result of adding the global command service passwordencryption to the configuration of a router?
Line passwords are encrypted with type 7 encryption.
Enable passwords are encrypted with type 5 encryption.
All services must provide an encrypted password to function.
Only encrypted messages are allowed for router communication.

24. While troubleshooting a problem with an e-mail server, an

administrator observes that the switch port used by the server shows
up, line protocol up. The administrator cannot ping the server. At
which layer of the OSI model is the problem most likely to be found?
application layer
network layer
data link layer
physical layer
25. Where does a service provider assume responsibility from a
customer for a WAN connection?
local loop
DTE cable on router
demarcation point
demilitarized zone
26. What will be the result of adding the command ip dhcp excludedaddress to the configuration of a local router that
has been configured as a DHCP server?
Traffic that is destined for and will be dropped by the
Traffic will not be routed from clients with addresses between and
The DHCP server will not issue the addresses ranging from to
The router will ignore all traffic that comes from the DHCP servers with addresses and
Refer to the exhibit. Partial results of the show access-lists and show ip
interface FastEthernet 0/1 commands for router Router1 are shown.
There are no other ACLs in effect. Host A is unable to telnet to host B.
Which action will correct the problem but still restrict other traffic
between the two networks?
Apply the ACL in the inbound direction.
Apply the ACL on the FastEthernet 0/0 interface.
Reverse the order of the TCP protocol statements in the ACL.

Modify the second entry in the list to permit tcp host any eq
telnet .
Refer to the exhibit. The corporate network that is shown has been
assigned network for use at branch office LANs. If VLSM
is used, what mask should be used for addressing hosts at Branch4 with
minimal waste from unused addresses?
Refer to the exhibit. RIPv2 has been configured on all routers in the
network. Routers R1 and R3 have not received any RIP routing updates.
What will fix the issue?
Enable RIP authentication on R2.
Issue the ip directed-broadcast command on R2.
Change the subnet masks to and on R2.
Enable CDP on R2 so that the other routers will receive routing updates.
Refer to the exhibit. This serial interface is not functioning correctly.
Based on the output shown, what is the most likely cause?
improper LMI type
interface reset
PPP negotiation failure
unplugged cable
31. Which statement is true about PAP in the authentication of a PPP
PAP uses a two-way handshake.
The password is unique and random.

PAP conducts periodic password challenges.

PAP uses MD5 hashing to keep the password secure.
32. An administrator is configuring a dual stack router with IPv6 and
IPv4 using RIPng. The administrator receives an error message when
trying to enter the IPv4 routes into RIPng. What is the cause of the
When IPv4 and IPv6 are configured on the same interface, all IPv4 addresses are
over-written in favor of the newer technology.
Incorrect IPv4 addresses are entered on the router interfaces.
RIPng is incompatible with dual-stack technology.
IPv4 is incompatible with RIPng.
33. What is tunneling?
using digital certificates to ensure that data endpoints are authentic
creating a hash to ensure the integrity of data as it traverses a network
using alternate paths to avoid access control lists and bypass security measures
encapsulating an entire packet within another packet for transmission over a
34. Which statement is true about NCP?
Link termination is the responsibility of NCP.
Each network protocol has a corresponding NCP.
NCP establishes the initial link between PPP devices.
NCP tests the link to ensure that the link quality is sufficient.
Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator is creating a prototype to
verify the new WAN design. However, the communication between the
two routers cannot be established. Based on the output of the
commands, what can be done to solve the problem?
Replace the serial cable .
Replace the WIC on RA.
Configure RA with a clock rate command.
Issue a no shutdown interface command on RB.

Refer to the exhibit. Based on the output as shown, which two

statements correctly define how the router will treat Telnet traffic that
comes into interface FastEthernet 0/1? (Choose two).
Telnet to is denied.
Telnet to is denied.
Telnet to is permitted.
Telnet to is permitted.
Telnet to is permitted.
37. Which Frame Relay flow control mechanism is used to signal routers
that they should reduce the flow rate of frames?
Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator configures a standard
access control list on Router1 to prohibit traffic from the
network from reaching the Internet. The access control list also permits
traffic from the network to reach the
network. On which interface and in which direction should the access
control list be applied?
interface Fa0/0, inbound
interface Fa0/0, outbound
interface S0/0/0, inbound
interface S0/0/0, outbound
39. Which configuration on the vty lines provides the best security
measure for network administrators to remotely access the core routers
at headquarters?
Answer: 3nd option
Refer to the exhibit. What can be concluded from the exhibited output
of the debug ip nat command?

The host is exchanging packets with the host.

The native address is being translated to
The network is the inside network.
Port address translation is in effect.
41. A network administrator is instructing a technician on best practices
for applying ACLs. Which suggestion should the administrator provide?
Named ACLs are less efficient than numbered ACLs.
Standard ACLs should be applied closest to the core layer.
ACLs applied to outbound interfaces are the most efficient.
Extended ACLs should be applied closest to the source that is specified by the
Refer to the exhibit. Headquarters is connected through the Internet to
branch office A and branch office B. Which WAN technology would be
best suited to provide secure connectivity between headquarters and
both branch offices?
Frame Relay
broadband DSL
43. Which three physical network problems should be checked when a
bottom-up troubleshooting approach has been chosen to troubleshoot
network performance? (Choose three.)
cable connectivity
high collision counts
STP failures and loops
address mapping errors
high CPU utilization rates
excess packets that are filtered by the firewall

Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator is attempting to configure

a Frame Relay network. The administrator enters the commands as
shown in the exhibit on R2, but the Frame Relay PVCs are inactive. What
is the problem?
The incorrect DLCI numbers are being configured on R2.
The S0/0/0 interface on R2 needs to be point-to-point.
The frame-relay map commands are missing the cisco keyword at the end.
A single router interface cannot connect to more than one Frame Relay peer at a
45. Which IP address and wildcard mask would be used in an ACL to
block traffic from all hosts on the same subnet as host
access-list 10 deny
access-list 10 deny
access-list 10 deny
access-list 10 deny
access-list 10 deny
46. Which combination of Layer 2 protocol and authentication should be
used to establish a link without sending authentication information in
plain text between a Cisco and a non-Cisco router?
PPP with PAP
47. When would the multipoint keyword be used in Frame Relay PVCs
when global DLCIs are in use
when using physical interfaces
when multicasts must be supported
when participating routers are in the same subnet
48. A network technician analyzes the network and notices late
collisions. The collisions occur accompanied by jabber that originates
from the server. What is the likely cause of the problem?

faulty switch port

web server CPU overload
faulty NIC in the web server
misconfiguration of web server services
Refer to the exhibit. R1 is performing NAT overload for the
inside network. Host A has sent a packet to the web server. What is the
destination IP address of the return packet from the web server?
Refer to the exhibit. All devices are configured as shown in the exhibit.
PC1 is unable to ping the default gateway. What is the cause of the
The default gateway is in the wrong subnet.
STP has blocked the port that PC1 is connected to.
Port Fa0/2 on S2 is assigned to the wrong VLAN.
S2 has the wrong IP address assigned to the VLAN30 interface.
51. When Frame Relay encapsulation is used, what feature provides flow
control and exchanges information about the status of virtual circuits?
Inverse ARP
52. A network administrator is tasked with maintaining two remote
locations in the same city. Both locations use the same service provider
and have the same service plan for DSL service. When comparing
download rates, it is noticed that the location on the East side of town
has a faster download rate than the location on the West side of town.
How can this be explained?

The West side has a high volume of POTS traffic.

The West side of town is downloading larger packets.
The service provider is closer to the location on the East side.
More clients share a connection to the DSLAM on the West side.