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PHILIPPINE NATIONAL STANDARD FOR PETROLEUM PRODUCTS & OTHER FUEL RELATED PRODUCTS

CONVENTIONAL FUEL
PNS/DOE QS 001:2005
Unleaded Motor Gasoline

ALTERNATIVE FUEL AND OTHER RELATED FUEL

PNS/DOE QS 004:2003
Diesel Oils

PNS/DOE QS:2005
Fuel Oils (Bunker)

Property
Premium
plus

Type 1
Propane
(C3)
Premium

Acid Number, mg KOH/g, max


Acidity / Alkalinity, pHe

Regular a

ADO

IDO

BFO 3.0

BFO 2.0

BFO 1.0

PNS/DOE QS 005:2005
LPG
Type 2A
Type 2B
PB Mixture
PB Mixture
(C3-C4)
(C3-C4)
dom. & Inds.'l

PNS 2020:2003
DOE 002:2003
Type 3
Butane
(C4)

Coconut
Methyl
Ester (B100)
0.50

motor fuel

Apperance
0.20

0.20

Fuel Bioethano

Two-stroke (2T)
Lubricating Oi

0.20
42 a

50
0.15

0.35
0.050
Report

Color

Blue

Green. Red if w/ antivalve seat recession


(AVSR) additive h

Orange

Dark Violet

2.5 max.

Color*, ASTM
Color, Saybolt, min.
Char value, mg/kg, max.
or Burning quality
Copper, as Cu, mg/kg, max.
Copper Corrosion
3 hr @ 100OC max.
3 hr @ 50OC max.
1 hr @ 37.8OC max.
Denaturant*, % v/v
Density at 150C, kg/L, max.
@ 20 OC, kg/L, max.
Dienes content (as 1, 3 butadiene mole%, max.
Distillation temperature, OC at:
10% recovered, max.
50% recovered
90% recovered, max.
End Point, max.
Residue, % volume, max.
Ethanol content, % v/v, min
Evaporative Residue mg/kg, max
Existent gum, mg/100 mL, max.
Flash Point
Cleveland Open Cup, 0C, min.
Pensky-Marten, 0C, min.
Tag Closed Tester, 0C, min.
Free Glycerin, % mass, max.
Free Water Content
Hydrocarbons .b
Aromatics, % volume, max.
Benzene, % volome, max.
Ethanol (C2), % volume, max.c
Ethers (e.g. MTBEdd), % volome, max.
Hydrogen Sulfide
Inorganic chloride content, mass ppm, max
Lead content, (not added)e g/L, max.
Lubricity, (HFRR), wear scar dia, @
60oC, micron, max.
Methanol, % v/v, max.
Motor Octane No. (MON), min.
Octane rating, min.
Research octane number (RON)
Anti-knock index (AKIe
Pentane insolubles, % mass, max
Phosphorus, % mass, max.
Smoke Point, mm, min.
Sulfur
% mass max.
% mass ppm, max. (before stenching)
Sulfated Ash, % mass, max
Total Acid Number, mg KOH/g, max
Total acids (as acetic acid), % w/w, max.
Total Glycerin, % mass, max.a
Vapor Pressure at 37.8 0C, kPa(psi) max.
Volatile Residue, 95% BP @ 760 mmHg,OC, max
or Butane & Heavier, % vol. Max.
or Pentane & Heavier, % vol. Max.
Viscosity
Kinematic, mm2/s at 400C
Kinematic, mm2/s at 500C, max.
Kinematic, mm2/s at 1000C

5.0 min

0.1

0.1
1

No. 3
No. 1

No. 1

No. 1

No. 1
1.96-2.44*

0.783

0.783

0.783

0.8600

0.8800
0.7915
-

70
75-121
180
221
2

70
75-121
180
221
2

70
75-121
180
221
2

370

0.5

Report

360
99.3

96.9

100
70
55.0

55.0

60.0

60.0

60.0

100.0
none

35
2
10
2

35
2
2

35g
2g
10
2

0.005

0.005

0.005

none

none

0.02

none

Pass
40

40

0.5

0.5

460
89.0
95
-

93
87.5

81
0.03
0.01

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.30

3.0

2.0

1.0

0.050
140

140

140

140
0.020

0.18
0.50
0.007

62 (9)

62 (9)

85 (12)

1430
-38.2
2.5
2.0 - 4.5

0.10
0.10
NOTES: ULG
a

. Not recommended for vehicles with four (4) or


more wheel

0.10
0.10

NOTES: DIESEL
* ASTM 5.0 min also for TaxExempt diesel oil

Based on certificate from production site. The


product shall not have more than 2.7% by mass
oxygen if it contains ether and/or alcohol

480-1050
2.2

1430

485
2.2

2.0

2.0

2.0

* ASTM 5.0 min. also for TaxExempt diesel oil

Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether


Intentional addition not permitted
To be reported quarterly with Motor Octane
Number (MON) using ASTM D2700 except for
Regular grades gasoline.
g
To be reported quarterly
e
f

1.3

2.0 - 4.5
200

1.0

1.0

200

1.0

6.5 min
12.4 max.
90
0.05

0.050
0.5

NOTES: BUNKER FUELS


O

1. Density in kg/L at 15 C may be reported in


accordance with PNS ASTM D1298 or PNS
ASTM D4052
2. Conradson carbon residue, % by mass,
may be reported in accordance with PNS
ASTM D189 or PNS ASTM D4530

NOTES:CME
* The partial MON for each component in the mixture is as follows:
partial MON = M X C
The partial octane number for all the components are determined
and the sum rounded down to the nearest 0.1

To be reported if blended to gasoline. Subject to


applicable rules and requlations pertaining to
usage and/or aquality

0.007

0.24 a

1.7 - 5.5
300

Viscosity index, min


Water and Sediment, % volume, max
Water content, % volume, max.

fn:summary of PNS specifications


OISMD/egafile

Bioethanol

PNS/DOE
QS 003:2003

6.5 - 9.0
6.5 - 9.0
Clear and bright, visibly Clear and bright, visibly
free of suspended or
free of suspended or
precipitated
precipitated
contaminants
contaminants

Ash, % by mass, max.


Calculated Cetane Index, min
or Cetane Number, mIn.
Carbon Residue
on 10% distillation, % mass max
on 100% sample, % mass max.
Cloud Point, oC, max.

As of 6.26.06

PNS/DOE QS 007:2005
Anhydrous Bioethanol Fue

3. Pour point, C may be reported in


accordance with PNS ASTM D97 as agreed
upon between supplier and buyer..

Component
MON Factor
Propane (+C2)
95.4
Propene
83.9
89.0
Butane (+C5)
2-Methylpropane
97.2
(isobutane)
Butenes
75.8

Transition standard

* only ULG per PNS is allowed


** 2% v/v at the point of denaturing

0.5
a
To be reported if product
contains vegetable-derived
components

NOTE 1 Metal content (by


PNS ASTM D 4951) and
Carbon residue (PNS ASTM D
189/ D 524 / 4530) shall be
reported
NOTE 2 This is a transitory
standard subject to further
review, as warranted.