MLA Works Cited

Documentation Guide
Based on the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th ed. REF LB 2369.G53 2003

General rules:

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Underline or italicize titles of books, magazines, and scholarly journals. articles, essays, poems, and short stories in quotation marks.

Enclose title of

When certain information, such as an author, is missing, skip it and go on to the next part. Pay careful attention to punctuation, and type exactly as each example indicates. Use a shortened form of the publisher’s name: “New York: Morrow, 2004” rather than William Morrow & Company. Indent five spaces or one-half inch after the first line of each entry, and double space within and between all entries. For pages that are not consecutive, such as newspapers, use a plus sign: “192+.” If you have only the starting page number of an article’s original print publication, give the number followed by a hyphen, a space, and a period: “192- .” Be sure to alphabetize your Works Cited page by author’s last name, or, if the author’s name is not given, by the first word of the title.

Parenthetical documentation [MLA 6]

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All sources cited in the text should be listed in the Works Cited. The author’s name may be included in the text and only the page numbers in parenthesis. “As Blackmore asserts (97), the....” Many instructors prefer this method. Alternatively, use the first part of your citation for parenthetical documentation. Usually, that will be the author or authors’ last names. Follow with the page number. (Brown and Proper 17). A title may be truncated. (Texas 73). Use as little information as possible while making a unique identification. If there are two

books by the same author, you must include part of the title. (Blackmore, Consciousness 97). If you have no page numbers, it usually flows better to include the reference in the text. “According to Blackmore, the....”

Example with appropriate spacing
Author. “Title of Article.” Book or Journal Title. Editor. Edition. Volume. Series. Place of Publication: Publisher, Date. Pages.

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PRINT SOURCES
Book with One Author [MLA 5.6.1] Blackmore, Susan. Consciousness: An Introduction. New York: Oxford UP, 2004. Two or Three Authors [MLA 5.6.4] Brown, Nathan, and Sheryle A. Proper. The Everything Paying for College Book. Avon, MA: Adams, 2005. More than Three Authors [MLA 5.6.4] Gilman, Sandra, et al. Hysteria Beyond Freud. Berkeley: U of California P, 1993. No Author [MLA 5.6.11 and 5.7.9] (Note: Begin with the title if a source has no author.) Texas Almanac: 2004-2005. Dallas, TX: Dallas Morning News, 2004. An Editor [MLA 5.6.2] Lopate, Philip, ed. The Art of the Personal Essay: An Anthology from the Classical Era to the Present. New York: Doubleday, 1994. Corporate Author [MLA 5.6.6] Public Agenda Foundation. The Health Care Crisis: Containing Costs, Expanding Coverage. New York: McGraw, 1992. An Editor in Addition to an Author [MLA 5.6.12] Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. Ed. F. W. Robinson. Boston: Houghton, 1957. Essay Written by One Person in a Book Edited by Another [MLA 5.6.7] Lewis, C. S. “The Dethronement of Power.” Understanding the Lord of the Rings: The Best of Tolkien Criticism. Ed. Rose A. Zimbardo and Neil D. Isaacs. Boston: Houghton, 2004. 11-15. A Translation [MLA 5.6.13] Esquivel, Laura. Like Water for Chocolate: A Novel in Monthly Installments, with Recipes, Romances and Home Remedies. Trans. Carol Christensen and Thomas Christensen. New York: Doubleday, 1992. A Book Published in a Second or Subsequent Edition [MLA 5.6.14] Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 6th ed. New York: Mod. Lang. Assn., 2003. An Article in a Reference Book [MLA 5.6.8] Coulter, Ellis Merton. “John Adair.” Dictionary of American Biography. Ed. Allen Johnson. Vol. 1. New York: Scribner’s, 1964. Encyclopedia Article, Signed [MLA 5.6.8] Epps, Helen H. “Textiles.” World Book Encyclopedia. 2003 ed.

Kingwood College Library

Dictionary or Encyclopedia Article, Unsigned [MLA 5.6.8] “Onomatopoeia.” Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary. 11th ed. 2003. Previously Published Scholarly Article Reprinted in a Collection of Essays [MLA 5.6.7] (Note: List first the information about where the essay was originally published.) Frye, Northrop. “Literary and Linguistic Scholarship in a Postliterate Age.” PMLA 99 (1984): 990-95. Rpt. in Myth and Metaphor: Selected Essays, 1974-88. Ed. Robert D. Denham. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 1990. 18-27. Excerpted Sources from Multivolume Critical Anthologies [MLA 5.6.7] (Note: This includes Contemporary Literary Criticism, Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism, etc.) Benesch, Klaus. “Oral Narrative and Literary Text: Afro-American Folklore in ‘Their Eyes Were Watching God’.” Callaloo 11 (1988): 627-35. Rpt. in Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Roger Matuz. Vol. 61. Detroit: Gale, 1990. 270-74. Book in a Series [MLA 5.6.16] (Note: This includes Information Plus, Opposing Viewpoints, and Contemporary World Issues. Include the series title and number, if given.) Dziedzic, Nancy G., and David Copeland. The American Economy. Information Plus Reference Series. Detroit: Gale, 2003. Careers in Winter Sports. Careers Research Reports. Monograph Ser. 368. Chicago: Inst. for Research, 2000. Government Publication [MLA 5.6.21] “Deaths by Major Causes: 1960 to 2002.” U. S. Census Bureau. Statistical Abstract of the United States: 20042005. 124th ed. Washington: GPO, 2004.

Phone: 281.312.1693

website: kclibrary.nhmccd.edu

Article from a Weekly Magazine or Weekly News Service [MLA 5.7.6] (Note: This includes CQ Researcher or Issues and Controversies on File.) Jost, Kenneth. “Independent Counsels Re-examined.” CQ Researcher 7 May 1999: 377-84. Article from a Monthly Magazine [MLA 5.7.6] Hitchens, Christopher. “A Breath of Dust.” Atlantic Monthly July-Aug. 2005: 142-146. Newspaper Article [MLA 5.7.5] Feder, Barnaby J. “For Job Seekers, a Toll-Free Gift of Expert Advice.” New York Times 22 Mar. 1994, late ed.: A1+. Article in a Scholarly Journal with Continuous Pagination [MLA 5.7.1] Warner, Megan B. et al. “The Longitudinal Relationship of Personality Traits and Disorders.” Journal of Abnormal Psychology 113 (2004): 217-227. Article in a Scholarly Journal that Pages Each Issue Separately [MLA 5.7.2] Garrett, Laurie. “The Next Pandemic?” Foreign Affairs 84.4 (2005): 3-23.

MEDIA and INTERVIEWS
Personal Interview [MLA 5.8.7] Stegall, Linda. Personal Interview. 11 Aug. 2005. Television Interview [MLA 5.8.7] Berkus, Nate. Interview. The Oprah Winfrey Show. Chicago: Harpo Studios, 17 Jan. 2005. Film or Video Recording [MLA 5.8.3] Pay It Forward. Dir. Mimi Leder. Perf. Kevin Spacey, Helen Hunt, Haley Joel Osment. Warner Home Video, 2000.

ELECTRONIC SOURCES Example with appropriate spacing
Author. “Article Title.” Publication information for a print source. Site Name. Site Editor. Electronic Publication Date. Subscription information for databases. Pages only if numbered. Sponsoring Inst., City, ST or Country. Date site accessed <url>.

WEB SITES [MLA 5.9.1–5.9.4]
Basic Entry Sutton, Bettye, et al. “1800-1810.” 19th Century Cultural History. Ed. Peggy Whitley. 2003. Kingwood College Library, Kingwood, TX. 28 July 2005 <http://kclibrary.nhmccd.edu/19thcentury1800.htm>. No Author [MLA 5.9.1] Dutch Recipes. 8 June 1998. 16 Sept. 2003 <http://www.fortunecity.com/victorian/verona/190/eten.htm>. Author, no publication date [MLA 5.9.1] Mazer, Cary M. Bernard Shaw: A Brief Biography. U. of Penn. 16 Sept. 2003 <http://www.english.upenn.edu/~cmazer/mis1.html>. Online Periodical [MLA 5.9.4] Bardwell, S. K. “Sketch Released of McDonald’s Attacker.” Houston Chronicle 3 Aug. 2005. 3 Aug. 2005 <http://www.chron.com/cs/CDA/ssistory.mpl.metropolitan/3292732>. Online Government Publication [MLA 5.9.3c] (Note: This includes Occupational Outlook.) United States. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Ctr. for Disease Control and Prevention. Skin Cancer: Preventing America’s Most Common Cancer. 2003 Program Fact Sheet. 20 Aug. 2003. 20 Sept. 2003 <http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/nscpep/skin.htm>.

ONLINE DATABASES [MLA 5.9.7]
Scholarly Journal that Pages Each Issue Separately in a Subscription Database [MLA 5.7.2 and 5.9.7] Marsh, Kelly A. “Contextualizing Bridget Jones.” College Literature 31.1 (2004): 52-72. Academic Search Premier. Ebscohost. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. 13 July 2004 <http://www.epnet.com>.

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Online Periodical in a Subscription Database [MLA 5.7.6 and 5.9.7] Marsh, Kelly A. “Identity Theft.” CQ Researcher 10 June 2005: 505-20. Congressional Quarterly. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. 28 July 2005 <http://library.cqpress.com>. Newspaper in a Subscription Database [MLA 5.7.5 and 5.9.7] Lichtblau, Eric. “Administration Plans Defense of Terror Law.” New York Times 19 Aug. 2003, late ed. (East Coast): A1+. ProQuest Newspapers. ProQuest. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. 15 Sept. 2003 <http://www.proquest.com>. Journal Article Reprinted in a Reference Book then Reproduced in a Subscription Database [MLA 5.7.5 and 5.9.7] Kiskis, Michael J. “Mark Twain and Collaborative Authority.” Studies in the Literary Imagination 29:2 (1993): 2944. Rpt. in Nonfiction Classics for Students. Vol. 4. Literature Resource Center. Thompson Gale. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. 3 Aug. 2005 <http://infotrac.galegroup.com>. Abstract in a Non-Subscription Database [MLA 5.7.8 and 5.9.7] Neumann, P. J. et al. “Can We Better Prioritize Resources for Cost-Utility Research?” Medical Decision Making 25.4 (2005): 29-436. Abstract. PubMed. 28 July 2005 <http://www.ncbi.nlm.ov/entrez/query.fgci?db+PubMed>. E-Books [MLA 5.7.3 and 5.9.7] Bloom, Harold. Mark Twain’s Adventures of Huckleberry Finn: Bloom’s Notes. Broomall, PA: Chelsea House, 1996. NetLibrary. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. 14 Sept. 2002 <http://www.netlibrary.com>.

DATABASE PUBLICATION INFORMATION [MLA 5..9.1, 5.9.4 and 5..9.7]
Academic Search Premier. Ebscohost. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://www.epnet.com>. Biographies Plus Illus. Wilson. Kingwood Coll. Lib. Access date <http://hwwilsonweb.com>. Encyclopedia Britannica. Publication date. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Access date <http://search.eb.com>. Business & Company Resource Center. Thompson Gale. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://infotrac.galegroup.com>. Business Source Premier. Ebscohost. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://www.epnet.com>. CINAHL. Ebscohost. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://www.epnet.com>. Columbia Granger’s World of Poetry. Columbia UP. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://columbiagrangers.org>. Communication and Mass Media Complete. Ebscohost. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://www.epnet.com>. CountryWatch. Publication date. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://www.countrywatch.com>. CQ Researcher. Publication date. Congressional Quarterly. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://library.cqpress.com>. ERIC. U.S. Dept. of Educ. Access date <http://www.eric.ed.gov>.

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Grove Dictionary of Art Online. Publication date. Oxford. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://www.groveart.com>. Handbook of Texas Online. Texas St. Hist. Assoc. Access date <http://www.tsha.utexas.edu>. Health and Wellness Resource Center. Thompson Gale. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://infotrac.galegroup.com>. History Study Center. ProQuest. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://www.proquest.com>. InfoTrac Custom Newspapers. Thompson Gale. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://infotrac.galegroup.com>. Issues & Controversies. Publication date. Facts.com. Facts on File News Services. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://www.2facts.com>. JSTOR Arts and Sciences 1. JSTOR. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://www.jstor.org>. Literature Resource Center. Thompson Gale. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://infotrac.galegroup.com>. Medline Plus. Nat. Lib. of Medicine. Access date <http://nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus>. NAXOS Music Library. NAXOS. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://naxosmusiclibrary.com>. NetLibrary. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://www.netlibrary.com>. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Thompson Gale. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://infotrac.galegroup.com>. Project Muse. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://muse.jhu.edu>. ProQuest Newspapers. ProQuest. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://www.proquest.com>. PubMed. Nat. Lib. of Medicine. Access date <http://www.ncbi.nlm.ov/entrez/query.fgci?db+PubMed>. Research Library. ProQuest. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://www.proquest.com>. Science Resource Center. Thompson Gale. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://infotrac.galegroup.com>. StatRef! Teton Data Sys. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://online.statref.com/Splash.aspx>. Westlaw Campus Research. Thompson West. Kingwood Coll. Lib., Kingwood. Access date <http://campus.westlaw.com>.

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DIFFERENT SOURCES FOR DIFFERENT TOPICS
INFORMATION LITERACY is the set of skills needed to find, retrieve, analyze, and use information. Living in the Information Age, we are inundated with information overload – too much information. Training and practice are needed to hone skills in finding, analyzing and using information. One of the best sources for this training is the library. The support you receive there will give you confidence in using information to make a decision or create a product. Using a variety of sources makes research more credible and helps researchers improve their skills.

GETTING STARTED
Sources of information include books, newspapers, journals and magazines, fact sheets, white papers, diaries, interviews, and more. Each has value. As you begin your research, it is important to think about where the best information can be found for your topic. Is the topic new? If so, perhaps newspapers, television, and Internet news sources are best. Is it a topic that has been around for a while – long enough to have many articles or books written about it? If so, perhaps the library catalog and full-text article databases are best. Is your topic historic or a study? Is it a literary criticism? If so, books and peer-reviewed articles are best. Of course, the Internet can be carefully used for every topic. Prepare for your research by selecting sources and search terms.

THINK ABOUT IT
» Do you need background on your topic or do you already know about it and only need specific information to fill in the gaps?

Examples of background are:
1. The history of a subject, such as abortion

2. A chronology of a scientific development, such as cloning 3. Historic information about a company or industry

}

Finding background about your topic adds to your understanding of a topic, helps you find information about a novel, a health field, or a marketing strategy. Background helps put your subject into proper perspective in today’s world. It will help you with the next step of your research.

Answer these questions before you begin. Then you will be more likely to choose a variety of appropriate resources in the best possible resources.

ACCESSING ONLINE RESOURCES FROM OFF-CAMPUS
The Library web page is located at http://kclibrary.nhmccd.edu. Begin your research here. You will
need a library card. You can get one on campus. Your barcode will be put on the back of your picture ID card. If you aren’t on campus, apply online. The library staff will mail your card.

The Library catalog is available on our web page to search for books, electronic books, videos and
other resources the library has for your research. You will find books in Kingwood College Library or one of the four other campus libraries. Books can be borrowed electronically from the other campuses [request first available copy button]. It takes about 2 days for the book to be transferred to Kingwood College Library. You will be called when the book is ready for pick up. Phone: 281.312.1693 website: kclibrary.nhmccd.edu

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Do you need hard facts, such as statistics, definitions, formulas? Does your topic emphasize historical information or more recent events? Does you topic relate to: Science and technology ___ Sociology or psychology ___ History ____ Literature ____ Careers ____ Health and Wellness _____ Other ____?

Library Web Page Assignments & Guides

has assignment guides for most research

projects. These can be found on the assignment web page. Your instructor will let you know if your class has one. Background, themes, helpful hints, resources, and links to databases are listed. You can also email or chat to the librarian from these assignment guides.

Subject Guide to Databases lists databases appropriate for research in specific subject areas.
To find articles from journals, magazines and newspapers you will use a database to locate electronic versions of those resources. Think about the best keywords to describe your topic.

USING A VARIETY OF RESOURCES
Using a variety of types of resources usually results in a better, more credible paper. Use this evaluation grid to help you decide. Research is all about EVALUATION. Everyone knows there is lots of information. The question is, are you finding the BEST information for your refined topic?

RESOURCES
REFERENCE MATERIAL Dictionaries, almanacs encyclopedias, hand-books. Located in reference area. Some are available online

ADVANTAGES » » » » » »
Good place to start Brief background Facts and statistics Focused summaries Objective information Sources available when needed

LIMITATIONS » »
Print references are not published as quickly Can be difficult to locate a specific topic in a large source

HINTS FOR USING » »
Ask a librarian; they will know the best references for your topic. Begin at the Assignment guide to see which sources are suggested

BOOKS
Can be found in print and electronic format (eBooks)

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Thorough exploration Authors are generally experts in the field Can be checked out eBooks are ready for use on your computer – cut and paste

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May be more information than you need for your topic Books may be already checked out

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Use the catalog to find books Request books electronically from other libraries eBooks can be searched using keywords

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DATABASES contain full-text (complete) copies of articles from magazines, journals, and newspapers in electronic format. Use the subject guide to find the best databases for your topic.

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Good place to start Brief background Facts and statistics Focused summaries Objective information Sources available when needed

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Articles may be brief and specific, but not on your topic Many ‘hits’, must use keywords wisely. Opinions may be emphasized over facts

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Use databases linked through the library homepage Look for Full Text articles – for the whole article. Use “peer-reviewed” You can email articles, print, or save articles.

INTERNET The internet is readily available from online computers. Information world-wide. Open to all – which means everyone can ‘post’ to the Internet.

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Huge variety of information on almost any topic Allows access to resources all over the world Very recent events may be covered Governmental and organizational sites have excellent statistics and facts. Find previously inaccessible information at large libraries.

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Information can be unreliable Huge number of search results means best resources hard to locate Some information is incomplete or you must pay for it Organizations have good information, but it may be difficult to find unless you know what you are looking for.

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Several search engines are linked to the library homepage. Recommended web sites are linked to the assignment guides. Training may be needed to use effectively and efficiently Ask the librarian if he/she can recommend good sites for your topic. Ones you may not find through a Google search.

Kingwood College, an EEO/AA Educational Institution

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