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thick cylinders

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School of Engineering

Department

Subject

Subject code

Level

Date

Duration

Mechanical Engineering

Mechanics of Materials

MOM410S

Bachelor of Technology

4th June 2010

120 Mins.

Marks: 60

First Examiner:

Moderator:

Mr. E. Ruhunga

Note:

This Memorandum consists of five (5) pages excluding this cover page.

Solution to Q1

a) Beams of small initial radius of curvature are beams whose depth of the cross-section

is of the same order as the radius of curvature, and whose stress distribution is nonlinear during bending.

[2]

Examples are: crane hook, u-shape machine components split rings, etc

(Give any two= 2marks)

b)

Using the diagram below

R1

NA

[4]

CA d

dy

A b d and

Considering the shaded area we have

dA b dy

Therefore R1

[1]

bd

d 2

[1]

b

R y

[1]

dy

d 2

R1

db

d

b log e R y d2

[2]

R1

log e

R d 2

R d 2

[2]

Solution to Q2

r2 90mm

r1 50mm

[2]

[1]

[1]

[1]

R1

dA

r

A

1.6 103

b ln rr12 40 103 ln 90

50

[2]

R1 0.68m

[1]

Therefore the distance between the centrodal radius and the neutral axis radius is given by

[1]

n R R1 70 68 2mm

R1 68mm

R 70mm

yt 18mm

[2]

yc 22mm

Using the following equation we can calculate the stresses at A and B as follows: values for

yt yield the tensile stress as

My

nA R1 y

At B yc 22mm (positive direction from neutral axis)

[1]

[1]

[1]

A

Myt

270 20 103

A 35.16 MPa

[1]

[2]

B

Myc

270 22 103

B 20.63 MPa

[1]

[2]

P

1 103

0.63 MPa

A 1.6 103

[1]

A 35.16 0.63 35.79 MPa

[2]

[2]

Solution to Q3

I. Fatigue is a failure in materials, which occur as a result of fluctuating stresses at fairly

high frequencies. The fluctuating stresses are usually below the ultimate stress value of

the material under static loading.

[1]

II. Fatigue limit is the limiting stress value below which fatigue failure will not occur,

regardless of the number of fluctuating cycles, as illustrated in figure below

[1]

S

[ MPa ]

[2]

Fatigue limit

[3]

These are:

(a)Reverse cycle is when there is a positive and negative stresses per cycle

(b) Fluctuating cycles where the mean stress is half the value of the maximum stress

(c) Symmetrical reverse cycle where the mean stress is zero due to equal magnitude

of the tensile and compressive stresses induced.

[3]

IV. The mean stress is given by the equation below:

max min

[1]

Bending stress

32PL

d3

[2]

B A

32 PL 32 PL

d B3

d A3

160 3 160

3

dA

15

150

150

d B 15.33mm

Similarly:

Section Length

Diameter

(mm)

(mm)

A

150

15

B

160

15.33

C

170

15.64

D

180

15.94

E

190

16.23

F

200

16.51

[2]

d B3

Marks

[1]

[1]

[1]

[1]

[1]

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