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# Eurocode 7 and New Design Challenges

## A Wee Scottish Bridge

Stuart Pennington
19 March 2013
UCL

E d Rd

## Challenges with pile design

Introduction
New cable stayed bridge
Specimen design

## Typically piers on pile groups, central tower on spread foundation

Piles 3.0m diameter

Introduction

Beach
Alluvium
Raised beach
Till
Fluvio-glacial
SST/XST/MST
Dolerite
Tuff
Limestone
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Effects of Actions
Challenges
Combinations and factors (y, g): numerous

## Set C (GEO Design Approach 1 Combination 2): forgotten

Structural and geotechnical engineers: interaction

ULS

SLS

## Effects of Actions - factors

Effects of Actions
Challenges
Combinations and factors (y, g): numerous

## Set C (GEO Design Approach 1 Combination 2): forgotten

Structural and geotechnical engineers: interaction

## Effects of Actions - interaction

STRUCTURES

Defines:
- characteristic actions
- combinations of actions
- partial factors (g)
- factors (y)
- construction tolerances
- serviceability criteria

Designs:
- structure

GEOTECHNICS

Calculates:
- design actions
Defines:
- construction tolerances
- serviceability criteria

Calculates:
- design resistances
- effects of actions
- global stability
- movement
Designs:
- geotechnical elements

Earth

Resistance
Challenges

## Large diameter piles: calculation model

Model factor: 1.2 or 1.4?

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Rc;d = Rb;k / gb + Rs;k / gs
Rt;d = Rt;k / gs;t

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Maintain level of reliability
Raccidental gACC-EN1992 / gPERM/TRAN-EN1992 . R4

Resistance

Symbol

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R4 with
ver. SLS

Raccidental

Base

gb

1.7

1.5

Shaft

gs

1.4

1.2

1.7

1.5

Others

Set

Resistance
Challenges

## Large diameter piles: calculation model

Model factor: 1.2 or 1.4?

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## Resistance - large diameter piles

Typical rock socket design:
-

generally empirical

Rocket analyses:
-

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## Resistance - large diameter piles

Reasonable agreement at 1.0m

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## Resistance - large diameter piles

Sensitivity analyses:
-

Hence:

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Resistance
Challenges

## Large diameter piles: confidence in design

Model factor: 1.2 or 1.4?

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## Resistance - model factors

pile

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Outcomes
Manage geotechnical/structural interaction early on
Complete simple checks - its easy to get lost in partial factors and combinations