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# 1

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## Detailed chemical kinetic mechanism

(elementary reactions)

## Solve using computer

Mass conservation:

=0

1-D
Neglect KE and PE terms
Pressure is constant

## Detailed Flame Model (Formulation)

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Species conservation

bulk flow

( )

diffusion

## velocity of individual species

relative to bulk velocity
for constant diffusivity

,
,

diffusional
velocity
=
=

species
velocity

bulk

velocity

For: 1, 2, , N species

( )

## Detailed Flame Model (Formulation)

0, no shaft work

IIT Kanpur

Energy conservation

constant

) +

=0

0, KE & PE
neglected

)=0

heat
flux

0, no heat loss
0, KE & PE

neglected

Tx Tx+x

=
+ ,

## heat conduction species diffusion

flux contribution contribution
,
=
=

constant

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=

## substitute in energy equation:

=0

=
=

,
,
,

=
=

=0

=0

(species conservation)

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+
+

=
=

## Momentum conservation not required as

pressure is assumed constant:

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Diffusion

,
,

## ordinary diffusion thermal diffusion

velocity
velocity

Multicomponent diffusion
,

mol fraction
of species i

species j
multicomponent
diffusion coefficient
not same as binary
diffusion coefficient

Diffusion
=

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matrix

number of species
=

binary diffusion
coefficient

Thermal diffusion
thermal diffusion
coefficient
,

mass fraction
of species i

Boundary Conditions

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## Upstream: T(x -) = Tu and Yi(x -) = Yi,u

Downstream: dT/dx (x +) = 0 and dYi/dx (x +) = 0

## The domain: - < x < + is actually only ~cms

Explicitly fix the coordinate system to move with the flame: T(x 1) = T1

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## Ideal-gas equation of state

Relations for diffusion velocities (vi,diff)
Temperature dependent species properties: hi(T), cp,i(T), ki(T) & DBij(T)
Detailed chemical kinetic mechanism to obtain the
Interconversion relations for Xis, Yis and [Ci]s

## Assumption: no radiation, no KE and PE terms, constant pressure

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Methane-Air ( = 1)
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Results

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IIT Kanpur

Results
Methane-Air ( = 1)