You are on page 1of 267

ArchiCAD Training Series

Vol. 4

Advanced ArchiCAD

Credits

Visit the GRAPHISOFT website at http://www.graphisoft.com for local distributor and


product availability information.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4


Advanced ArchiCAD
(International English Metric Version)
Copyright 2013 by GRAPHISOFT, all rights reserved. Reproduction, paraphrasing or
translation without express prior written permission is strictly prohibited.

Trademarks
ArchiCAD is a registered trademark of GRAPHISOFT.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective holders.

Credits
Courtesy of GRAPHISOFT

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

Contents

CONTENTS
Introduction ___________________________________________ 6
Chapter 1 - Project Setup ________________________________ 8
The Example Project ________________________________________ 9
Creating a Template________________________________________ 10
Project Info _______________________________________________ 11
Attribute Management (Composites, Building Materials, Surfaces,
Fills, Custom Profiles) ______________________________________ 13
External Content __________________________________________ 18
View Sets _________________________________________________ 20
Layer Combinations________________________________________ 24
Model View Options _______________________________________ 26
Layout Book Structure _____________________________________ 29
Publisher Sets_____________________________________________ 36
Dimension Preferences _____________________________________ 37

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling _____________________________39


Setting Up Stories _________________________________________ 39
Creating the Grid __________________________________________ 42
Vertical Structures - Walls and Curtain Walls___________________ 51
Horizontal Structures - Slabs ________________________________ 78

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

Contents

Multiplying Elements Across Stories - Beams __________________ 85


Creating the Other Tower ___________________________________ 93
Sections and Elevations ____________________________________ 98

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules _________________________103


Creating a Hotlinked Module _______________________________ 103
Staircase ________________________________________________ 123
Partition Walls ___________________________________________ 126
Doors ___________________________________________________ 133
Nested Modules - Fixtures _________________________________ 136
Hotlink Management - Ground Floor and Roof________________ 143

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling _________________________158


Shell ____________________________________________________ 158
Modifying Curtain Walls ___________________________________ 165
Profiled Elements_________________________________________ 167
Importing Standard Profiles _______________________________ 180
Morph __________________________________________________ 182

Chapter 5 Documentation ____________________________189


Zones ___________________________________________________ 189
Dimensions ______________________________________________ 196
Labels___________________________________________________ 202
Interactive Schedules _____________________________________ 209

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

Contents

Chapter 6 - Visualization _______________________________224


Adding Environment ______________________________________ 224
Cameras_________________________________________________ 226
Rendering Settings _______________________________________ 232
Create Fly-Through _______________________________________ 234

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing ______________238


Creating View Sets ________________________________________ 238
The Layout Book - Separating the Model and Documentation___ 246
Publishing from the Model_________________________________ 246
Separating the Model and Documentation ___________________ 251
Place External Drawings ___________________________________ 258
Publishing from the Documentation File _____________________ 263

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

Introduction

Introduction
Welcome to the ArchiCAD Training Series!
This Guide is part of the ArchiCAD Training Series, which currently includes the following
materials:

Vol. 1, The ArchiCAD BIM Concept

Vol. 2, Basic ArchiCAD

Vol. 3, Intermediate ArchiCAD

Vol. 4, Advanced ArchiCAD

Vol. 5, Using Teamwork

You are now reading Vol. 4, Advanced ArchiCAD a comprehensive hands-on training to
familiarize you with the advanced modeling and documentation tools of ArchiCAD. This guide is
meant for advanced ArchiCAD users and students. We strongly recommend that you complete
Training Series Vol. 1-3 before starting with this one.
This guide is also suitable for using as BIM Curriculum Exercises - for Hands-on Practice in
universities where ArchiCAD is taught to students. Lecturers who would like to use this guide as a
BIM Curriculum should visit the educational sites of the GRAPHISOFT website
(www.graphisoft.com/learning/education) where, after registration, they will be entitled to
obtain a full set of training materials suitable for seminar lectures.
Contents of this guide:
Training guide e-book: The PDF guide includes detailed explanation of every step, with several
screenshots.
ArchiCAD project file: The preset training file will help your learning process. Preset project views
help you to navigate between different steps thus you can focus on the core knowledge.
Movie clips: Narrated movie clips are available on the YouTube channel for GRAPHISOFT
ArchiCAD (www.youtube.com/user/Archicad) providing step-by-step instructions for each step
of the training guide. The ArchiCAD YouTube Channel can also be accessed from the Help menu
of ArchiCAD. Enter the name of this Training Guide in the search field to locate the related videos.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

Introduction
You must have ArchiCAD 18 or later version installed on your computer to use this guide. This ebook and the movie clips were made with the English language version of ArchiCAD. For your
convenience we recommend you to download and use the same version for practicing.
If you do not have ArchiCAD yet, please visit myarchicad.com to obtain a free ArchiCAD installer:

If you are a student, a teacher or a representative of a school, register and download a fully
functional Education Version of ArchiCAD for Students and Teachers.

If you are a professional architect, register and download a fully functional 30-day trial version
of ArchiCAD. Projects saved with this TRIAL version can be automatically upgraded to FULL
versions upon purchase of a commercial license.

Please contact your local distributor for purchasing commercial ArchiCAD licenses:
www.graphisoft.com/info/where_to_buy.
How to use this training material?

Install the required ArchiCAD version.

Open the PDF Guide.

Open the related movie clips from the GRAPHISOFT ArchiCAD Youtube Channel.

Follow the instructions given in the PDF guide and the videos.

We hope you will find this training useful and wish you success with your future ArchiCAD
projects!

Good Luck!

The GRAPHISOFT Team

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

Chapter 1 - Project Setup

Chapter 1 - Project Setup


The purpose of this training guide is to simulate an office environment. To be able to work
efficiently as an office, certain standards have to be defined first in a template file that all
members of the team can use in order to avoid inconsistency of the model, documentation and
so on. In general, many template types can be defined for different purposes (one common
template for every project, specialized templates for different project types, etc.), in this training
we will create one for similar types of projects like the to-be built building. Naturally in real life the
template does not have to be always created before starting a new project, unless there are some
project specific modifications.
At this point if you want to skip to modeling right away, continue with Chapter 2 and use the
presaved template file from the extracted training project folder.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

Chapter 1 - Project Setup

The Example Project


Open the Office building_complete.pla file from the training project folder and choose Read
elements directly from archive when prompted.
The project is a multi-story office building, use the Navigator to browse the different stories,
sections, elevations and the 3D view.
In the following, we are going to remodel this building at its construction documentation phase,
complete it with 2D documentation, visualizations and make it ready for sharing it with our
collaborators.
For now, lets close this project and start a brand new clean sheet to create our template file first.
Select File/Close Project (do not save) and choose File/New/New... from the menu, so that a
clean ArchiCAD would start.
In the upcoming dialog box use the default ArchiCAD 18 Template and choose the Standard
Profile 18 Work Environment. Click New to proceed.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

Chapter 1 - Project Setup

Creating a Template
Setting up a proper template file for the office is the responsibility of the BIM Manager in close
collaboration with the Project Architect and the Model Manager, who is responsible for the
document output and usually is a highly experienced ArchiCAD user.
Our template will include only some of the default settings that can be stored in a template, such
as:

generic project info - like standard company data that we always need to add to our layouts

attributes - composites, building materials, surfaces, fills, custom profiles that the office
usually uses with a uniformized look and settings

external content - such as a library of additional project specific objects or textures for
rendering

view sets - to define how to filter the model view for different project phases and different
disciplines (architectural, structural, MEP, etc.)

layer combinations - the groups of visible layers for the views above - a necessity for creating
proper view sets

model view options - to set how simple or detailed the display of the visible elements is
regarding different purposes

layout book and master layouts - the generally used paper sizes for publishing and a preset
structure to organize the drawings

Besides these, templates can also store pen sets (pen thickness and color), lines, linetypes,
predefined publisher sets, project preferences, DXF/DWG translation settings, favorites, default
tool settings and so on.
By using a template we can highly ease our work, since we will not have to set these every time,
but choose a predefined setting from the template when reaching a specific phase in our
projects.
Note: Making a real template needs lots of experience and takes weeks of work to
get completed, therefore it can not be fully covered within this training guide, but
hopefully the highlighted points below will give some food for thought for your
next real project.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

10

Chapter 1 - Project Setup

Project Info
Project Info is useful as it can be easily retrieved, mainly as autotexts on layouts, which means that
text does not have to be typed manually all the time, but will be automatically filled out with the
information we provided once. Let's set some basic information that will have to be displayed
several times later.
Open the Project Info dialog, by choosing File/Info/Project Info....

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

11

Chapter 1 - Project Setup


Fill some of the fields:

Project Name: Training Series 04

Project Status: Construction Documentation

Building Name: Office Building

Contact Company: GRAPHISOFT

Contact Full Address: Graphisoft Park 1, Budapest, 1031, Hungary

Click OK to close the dialog.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

12

Chapter 1 - Project Setup

Attribute Management (Composites, Building


Materials, Surfaces, Fills, Custom Profiles)
Setting up the proper element attributes is a tidious work which includes creating new attributes
and incorporating previously used ones into our new template as well. Managing the attributes is
not an easy task, in this training we will only collect some attributes from other projects instead of
creating new ones. The easiest way to do this is to load the attributes of a project file in the
Attribute Manager and append the ones we need to our currently opened template file.
Open Options/Element Attributes/Attribute Manager....
The attributes of the current file are listed by categories on the left side of the dialog. Click
Open... on the right to open the attribute set of another project file.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

13

Chapter 1 - Project Setup


Browse Existing project.pln from the extracted training project folder and click Open.
There are three ways to add an attribute:

append: simply add the attribute to the end of the list

by index: overwrite the current attributes with the new ones that have the same index
numbers

by name: overwrite the current attributes that have the same names as the new ones

Go to the Building Materials tab page. Sort the entries by clicking on the Name header on the
right. The needed materials are marked with an @ symbol. Here we can also decide if we want to
create the cut fills and surfaces that are associated with the building materials. In this case we can
transfer the fills and surfaces as well at the same time, so check Cut Fills and Surfaces options.
Select the marked items on the right and click << By Index. This way the new materials will be
added and the associated cut fills will be overwritten as well by their index numbers and no
unnecessary duplicates will be created.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

14

Chapter 1 - Project Setup


Go to the Surfaces tab page. Select all marked items, uncheck Vectorial Fills and click << By
Index. The rest of the marked surfaces have already been created along with the building
materials.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

15

Chapter 1 - Project Setup


Go to Composites, select all eight items starting with @ in the name. Uncheck All Associated
Attributes and click << Append.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

16

Chapter 1 - Project Setup


Go to Profiles, select the three entries with the @ symbol, uncheck All Associated Attributes
and click << Append.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

17

Chapter 1 - Project Setup


Go to Pen Sets, select the marked entries and click << Append.

Click OK and Proceed to confirm all changes made.

External Content
If there are several project specific folders (textures and objects) in the office the BIM Manager
can define the content which should be linked to each project type. We will now load a library
with some textures and save it into the template. This way ArchiCAD will always look for the
linked content at startup when using the template.
Open File/Libraries and Objects/Library Manager....

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

18

Chapter 1 - Project Setup


Click Add... and browse the Textures folder from the extracted training project folder. Click
Choose.

Click OK to close the Library Manager.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

19

Chapter 1 - Project Setup

View Sets
Before putting a documentation set together we have to decide what type of views we will need
later. The views can be organized in various categories, such as project phases or by disciplines,
scale and so on.
First, select and delete all the elevation viewpoints (markers) on the floor plan. Click Delete
Viewpoint and Delete anyway in the upcoming dialogs. We will create and position the
elevations in the actual project file.
Open the Navigator - View Map, it already contains a predefined structure which provides views
for generic architectural representation, structural and ceiling plans. This would not comply with
our needs, so let's create a completely new View Map structure.
Select all View Map items, except the topmost element (named Training Series 04) and click the
Delete button in the bottom. In the upcoming warning dialog click Delete anyway.
Click the New Folder... button to create a new folder and name it ARCHITECTURAL.
With the previously created folder selected click New Folder again to create a folder within the
ARCHITECTURAL folder, name it Schematic Design. Create another one as well named Design
Development and one called Construction Documentation, all within the ARCHITECTURAL
folder.
Deselect the last folder created and make an additional folder named STRUCTURAL.

Later we can save specific views into these folders, but we can already make our job easier with a
few more settings. There will be several floor plans and we could save time and be more
productive if the new viewpoints that are created in the Navigator - Project Map would be
generated into View Map views automatically (there are only three stories now in the Project
Map).
Click the Project Chooser at the top of the Navigator and choose Show Organizer.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

20

Chapter 1 - Project Setup


Open the Project Map on the left and the View Map on the right.
Select the Schematic Design folder on the right and select 1. Story on the left.
Click Save view >>>. A new view will be created immediately.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

21

Chapter 1 - Project Setup


For the Design Development folder however we will need all stories, sections and elevations that
will be derived, but we have not created most of them yet. Select the Design Development
folder on the right and click Clone a Folder... in the bottom. In the upcoming dialog select the
Stories from the Project Map and click Clone. This way whenever a new story is created in the
Project Map, it will be automatically created in the View Map as well.

Note: Settings like layer combination, model view options, scale, etc. could already
be set now, but since these are unknown yet, we will let the documentation team
fine tune the views later and we just create the structure of the views now.
Repeat cloning with the Sections and Elevations into the Design Development folder.
In the same manner, clone Stories, Sections and Elevations into the Construction
Documentation folder as well.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

22

Chapter 1 - Project Setup


Similarly, clone Stories and Sections into the STRUCTURAL folder.

Close the Organizer.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

23

Chapter 1 - Project Setup

Layer Combinations
Layer combinations are named sets of layer settings, mostly specifying the layer visibility in the
views. Lets create one and fine tune it.
Open Document/Layers/Layer Settings (Model Views)....
Select 03 Plans - Preliminary layer combination and click New... at the bottom left corner. Name
it @Schematic and click OK. The layer combination will be duplicated.
Turn off visibility for layers:

Annotation - Label

Annotation - Structure

Annotation - Text

Dimensioning - General

Dimensioning - Site

Marker - Elevation

Marker - Section

Morph - General

Site & Landscape - Terrain

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

24

Chapter 1 - Project Setup


Click Update to update the @Schematic layer combination with the latest visibility settings.

Lets update the following layer combinations in a similar manner:

04 Plans - Approval: turn on Finish - Wall and turn off Annotation - Text

07 Plans - Structural: turn off Model Unit - Zone

When finished, select the 02 Drafting layer combination and click OK to make it active. This is the
layer combination that we would like to be the default when starting a new project with the
current template.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

25

Chapter 1 - Project Setup

Model View Options


Model View Options affect the on-screen and output display of construction elements, fills, zones
and certain GDL objects throughout the project, but have no affect on the output of the 3D
window.
Go to Document/Set Model View/Model View Options... to set the display options of the
model for our views.
Choose 02 Drafting and change the following (meanwhile the combination will change to
Custom):
Options for Construction Elements panel:

Show Beam as: Reference Axis

Column options: uncheck Show Column Symbol

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

26

Chapter 1 - Project Setup


Override Fill Display panel:

check Override Fill Background Color with Window Background Color

check Override Cut Fills with Solid Foreground, uncheck Show Skin Separator Lines

check Override Cover Fills

choose Override Zone Fills with No Fill

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

27

Chapter 1 - Project Setup


Detail Level of Door, Window and Skylights Symbols (ArchiCAD 18) panel:

Doors: Simple

Windows: Simple 1

Click Store as... and name it @Schematic..


Choose 03 Building Plans and change:

check Override Fill Background Color, Window Background Color

Doors: Detailed 2

Windows: Detailed

Store combination as @Construction.


Choose 04 Ceiling Plans and change:

Show Beam as: Entire Beam

check Show Column Symbol

uncheck Override Cut Fills

Store as @Structural.
Select 03 Building plans in the list to make it active and close the dialog.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

28

Chapter 1 - Project Setup

Layout Book Structure


In the Layout Book view there are Layouts and Master Layouts.
A Layout represents a sheet of paper that may hold one or more document views (drawings).
A Master Layout defines layout sizes and a grid for placing drawings and also contains items that
appear on all the layouts associated with the Master Layout (e.g. an office stamp or a legend).
Assembling the layouts and arranging drawings will be the task of the documentation team later,
but we can preset a structure with naming conventions that helps identifying the layouts and
also create master layouts.
Open the Organizer again. Select the View Map on the left and the Layout Book on the right.
Select the A.01. Floor Plans and A.02. Elevations subsets on the right and delete them.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

29

Chapter 1 - Project Setup


Drag the ARCHITECTURAL and STRUCTURAL folders of the View Map and drop them below the
Sheet Index layout (above the Masters) in the Layout Book. The new subsets will be named
automatically. Delete all layouts from the folders, so only the subsets remain.

Now we have to customize the folders to have a proper naming system. We would like to
incorporate abbreviations of the project phases (SD/DD/CD), drawing scale (1:100), paper size
(A0), as well as generic numbering.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

30

Chapter 1 - Project Setup


Right-click the A.01 ARCHITECTURAL folder in the Layout Book and choose Subset Settings....
Check the Custom ID radio button and leave it empty on the top and change the prefix in the
bottom (Add Prefix for this Subset) to AA_ with ID Style: No ID. This defines the prefix of the
elements of the subset. Click OK to close the dialog.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

31

Chapter 1 - Project Setup


Unfold the folder and open the Subset Settings of the following subfolders as well and make the
changes:

AA_ Schematic Design: add prefix SD_100_A0.

AA_ Design Development: add prefix DD_100_A0 and No ID.

AA_ Construction Documentation: add prefix CD_100_A0 and No ID.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

32

Chapter 1 - Project Setup


Open the Subset Settings of the A.02 STRUCTURAL folder. Check the Custom ID radio button
and leave it empty on the top and change the prefix in the bottom to ST_100_A0 with No ID.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

33

Chapter 1 - Project Setup


The final result should look like this:

Now we only have to create the A0 master layout for the construction documentations.
Click the New Master Layout... button in the bottom.

Name it A0 Landscape and choose A0 (ISO) - Metric as size. Click Create. Create another master
layout as well, named A0 Portrait, check Portrait orientation radio button.
Open the A1 Landscape master layout by double-clicking on it. We will copy the content to the
newly created A0 sheets and arrange it accordingly. Hit Ctrl/Cmd+A to select all elements and
copy-paste them to the A0 Landscape master layout.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

34

Chapter 1 - Project Setup


Move the content to the bottom right corner and click outside the marquee.
Offset the edges on the left and the top.

Repeat the same with the A0 Portrait master as well (offset the upper edge only).

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

35

Chapter 1 - Project Setup

Publisher Sets
The final publisher sets will be assembled by our documentation team, but again, we can set up
guidelines for them. We already know who we want to share our projects with, nevertheless the
actual file formats will be decided individually for the different projects only after the
documentation is done.
Open the Publisher Sets on the right and click the arrow button to see all the available sets.
Select the Layout Book to be shown on the left.

Click New Publisher Set... in the bottom and create four sets below the existing ones:

Client

Contractor

MEP

Structural

Open Client and select AA_ Design Development folder in the Layout Book.
Click Add Shortcut >>, this way the connection between the layouts and the publisher sets will
be live.
In a similar manner add AA_ Construction Documentation to Contractor and MEP sets and
STRUCTURAL to Structural.
Close the Organizer when finished.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

36

Chapter 1 - Project Setup

Dimension Preferences
To access this screen, go to Options/Project Preferences/Dimensions....
The available dimension options will vary depending on the unit (metric or imperial) you choose
and on the dimension type whose preferences you are setting.
We would like to have our dimensions displayed in millimeters for linear dimensions and square
meters for area calculations. This only applies to dimensions. Working units are set to millimeters
by default, so that will be our input base when modeling.
Select Plain Millimeter from the list and select the Area dimension type. Change the Unit to
meter and Decimals to 2. Store it as Training Series.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

37

Chapter 1 - Project Setup


At this point we finish creating our template as we are more than ready to start the actual project.
Open the 0. Ground Floor from the Navigator - Project Map. Click the arrow next to the zoom
factor indicator and choose 50% to have a similar view as the default ArchiCAD setting.
Thanks to the efforts above we will be much more productive during the modeling,
documentation and publishing. Choose File/Save as.... Save your work as an ArchiCAD Project
Template named TS04 template.
When opening ArchiCAD next time you can browse for the newly created template, select
Standard Profile 18 and click New.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

38

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


In this lesson well start to model a multi-story office building from scratch. Well construct the
base grid, create the two towers and place slabs between the stories. Also well learn how
ArchiCAD represents the 3D model on floor plans in conformity with architectural conventions.
All measurements are in mm unless otherwise stated.
Lets open a new project using the TS04 template.tpl file as template opened from the
ArchiCAD_Training_Series_4\Demo files\Startup files folder or continue the project that you
completed in Chapter 1.

Setting Up Stories
One of the key concepts of the ArchiCAD Virtual BuildingTM is that all the stories can be included
in one project file. Since this is going to be a multi-story office building, lets define the stories
first. Select Design/Story Settings... from the menu. A dialog box comes up where we can define
number, vertical position and height of the building floors. As a start, we already have three
stories defined.
First, lets define the story heights, set the Height to Next values to 5400, 3700 and 3700.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

39

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Note: These Story Setting values can also be stored in the template file, but as
projects may vary significantly we let the Project Architect decide at the beginning
of the actual project.
Select Story No. 2 and click on the Insert Above button. Instantly a new story is created with a
height of 3700.
Keep clicking the Insert Above button until we have 22 stories, the last one will be No. 21. If you
create too many stories, the surplus ones can be deleted with the Delete Story button. When
finished, click OK.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

40

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Lets take a look at the Project Map of the Navigator. We see that the project story structure is
updated and shows the 22 stories we have just defined.
Double-click on 0. Ground Floor to start with.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

41

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling

Creating the Grid


As a first step we will define the grid for the building. Lets select Design/Grid System... from the
menu. The ArchiCAD Grid System makes it really easy to define complex column-beam grids for
your design. The grid includes not only just the 3D model elements but also the grid lines,
numberings and other annotation elements needed in floor plan, section and 3D views.
A dialog box comes up where we can determine what the grid should look like.
The General settings panel determines how the grid will be displayed on the floor plan and in
sections. You can also define which other elements should be placed together with the grid. Here,
we opt to place a column at each grid intersection, so check the Elements at Grid line
intersections checkbox with Columns. To place grid line dimensions automatically, check the
Dimension Lines checkbox, this way we do not have to deal with dimensions later. We have to
modify the properties of the to-be-placed columns.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

42

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Click on Settings... and make sure that the top offset is -200 mm and the size of the columns is
300 mm. Change building material to @Concrete - Reinforced, override surfaces to @Concrete Generic, set Structural Function to Load-Bearing Element and layer to Structural - Grid and
click OK.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

43

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


In the Grid Elements panel, we can set the line type of the grid on floor plans,
sections/elevations and 3D views. Click Grid Element Settings... and modify the line type to Dot
& Dashed on the Floor Plan and Section/Elevation panels.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

44

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


The Grid positions panel deals with the basic geometry of the grid. Here we can add and remove
horizontal and vertical grid lines specifying the distance in between them. Well have
7 horizontal axes and 12 vertical axes altogether. The axes will be 6000 mm from each other. It
is better to change the spacing of the grid before adding extra grid lines, since it will always use
the last value added.

Click OK to start placing the grid.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

45

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


As you move the cursor around, a preview of the grid system follows it. Lets click twice on the
Project Origin to place the grid.

The grid system is placed instantly.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

46

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Select the grid lines and open the settings dialog box again by pressing Ctrl/Cmd+T. Set the
Show on Story: to All Stories in the Floor Plan panel to show the grid on all the stories. Click OK.

Lets view it in 3D, open Generic Perspective in the Navigator.

Now we will remove the unnecessary columns from the grid. Return to the 0. Ground Floor and
select the Marquee tool in the Toolbox. Define an area around the left six columns of the top
row, then activate the Column tool and select the columns with Edit/Select All Columns or the
equivalent keyboard shortcut (Ctrl/Cmd + A). Delete the selected elements with the Backspace
key.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

47

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Alternatively you can lock the grid and dimension layers by selecting the elements, then Layers/
Lock layer. This way, you can select columns by the normal selection method and delete them.

Select the Marquee tool and define a new area around the right six columns of the bottom row.
Select all columns in the marquee and delete them, as earlier.

To remove the marquee, press Esc.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

48

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


We have to resize the internal columns to 500x500 mm. To select these columns quickly, set
Polygonal geometry method, then draw a Marquee area as shown below.

Select all columns in the marquee.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

49

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Double-click on the Column tool and modify the sizes of the columns from 300 mm to 500 mm
and change the heights to be linked to the 21. Story. (Choose Select Story... from the list and
then select the 21st story.)

Override Surfaces with Stucco - White Rough.


These columns will be seen on all relevant stories automatically. Remove the Marquee.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

50

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling

Vertical Structures - Walls and Curtain Walls


Before we continue modeling lets make a strategy for the next steps. This particular building is
made of two similar towers that are rotated 180 degrees compared to each other. Lets complete
one tower first and then make a rotated copy of it to get the second one.
Click on the 1. Story in the Navigator.
Now we are going to build the first tower. Lets select the Wall tool from the Toolbox. In the Info
Box the most important settings for the Wall appear.
Lets select here the Single geometry method. The reference line should be set to Core Outside.
Make sure that composite wall @200 Block_Ins_Air_Alu.sheet is selected from the list of
available composites.

Scroll the Info Box sideways to make the additional wall options visible. Link the wall top to the
21. Story. Press Select Story... first then select the story from the list.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

51

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Override the outside surface to @Metal - Aluminium_Panels, inside surface to Stucco - White
Rough and set Load-Bearing Element in the Tags and Categories.

Lets start to draw the wall at the upper left corner from the 2E column to lower left corner of the
2B column, where the cursor changes to a checkmark.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

52

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Create the next wall along axis 5. Be sure to click on the external corners of the column and draw
it upwards.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

53

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Check the result in 3D.

In the next steps we will create the slanted curtain walls and connect them to the vertical external
walls. Double-click on the 1. Story in the Navigator. First we have to create a section for accurate
editing. It will be more convenient to adjust the slanted curtain walls in a vertical section than on
the floor plan.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

54

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


We want to create the section in the middle of the tower. In order to be able to find the halving
point, lets select View/Special Snap Options/Between Intersection Points.

Click on the Section tool and draw a line between axis 3 and 4. Move the cursor along axis F near
to the halving point between the two previous axises. When it changes to a checkmark, click to
start drawing the line. Double-click on the second point defined similarly to finish the section
line.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

55

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Define the orientation with the eye cursor: click on the right side.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

56

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Select the section line on the floor plan and right-click to activate the Open Section command
from the context menu. Note that the newly created section is also listed in the Navigator.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

57

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Double-click on the Curtain Wall tool.
In this dialog box, we can define the Curtain Wall settings. A Curtain Wall is composed of multiple
members, including Scheme, Frame, Panel, Accessory and Junction. Each member has its own
Settings.
As a first step we set the Curtain Wall System settings, set @CW Frame_M for frame and @Glass
for panel material.
Set Floor Plan Display to Projected on the Floor Plan and Section panel.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

58

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Select Scheme which defines the overall layout of the curtain wall frames. The controls in this
dialog box define the grid pattern and grid properties.

Modify the size of the A panel to 3058 and the B panel to 668.

Add 10 new panels to the Secondary Grid Lines. To do this, click the + button. The sizes of the
panels are 755; 1800; 1800; 1800; 600; 1800; 1800; 1800; 600; 1800; 1800; 1800 and 755.

Click to mark the solid panels in the preview window. The gray panels will belong to the distinct
class. (Curtain Walls can contain two default panel types: main and distinct. You can define
different materials for each of them. Later you can modify the panels individually if needed.)

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

59

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Activate the Boundary of the Frames and define:

d (depth of panel): 0

check Use Frame Building Materials Surface checkbox on the Model panel

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

60

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Click Mullion on the left side. Set:

a (frame width): 100

b (depth): 300

h (back offset): 250

d: 0

check the Use Frame Building Materials Surface checkbox

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

61

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Open Transom settings:

Set type to Butt-glazed

a: 100

h: 250

b: 250

select surface @Metal - Aluminium_Transom

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

62

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Finally, open Distinct settings and modify the thickness to 100. Set surface material overrides to
@Glass - Mirror Semitransparent.

Click OK.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

63

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


In the Info Box, choose the Chained geometry method.
We would like create one slanted curtain wall. We are going to click on these
three points:

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

64

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


The first point of the curtain wall is the intersection point of the 1 Story line and the external
edge of the column in axis B. Click on it.

For the breakpoint first we create a guide line. Move the cursor above
the right edge of the column at axis C. Click the orange dot when it
appears, drag it and move the cursor to the right. Type d1800 and hit
Enter to set the distance.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

65

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


The intersection of this guide line and the 11 Story line are creating the breakpoint.

To finish the curtain wall, we have to double click on the intersection point at the right edge of
the wall and the 21 Story line.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

66

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


When the sun cursor appears, click to define the outside direction, the right side of the curtain
wall. In the upcoming dialog box, set the width to 18910 (the total width of the curtain wall
scheme) and select middle positioning. Click Place to finish.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

67

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


The result will be something like this:

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

68

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


In a similar process, well create a parallel curtain wall on the opposite side of the wall. We are
going to create a guide line. Move the cursor to the edge of the existing curtain wall. If the orange
dot appears, click on it and drag the guide line to the left bottom corner of the wall.

This point will be the first point of the curtain wall. The next point (breakpoint) will be the
intersection of the 11 Story line and guide line.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

69

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


The endpoint will be the left upper corner of the wall.

ArchiCAD allows you to connect curtain walls to walls in an intelligent way. This is advantageous
because the connected walls will follow all changes of the curtain wall during the entire lifecycle
of the design and all quantities remain accurate. For instance, if the curtain wall slant angle is
modified, the wall connection will be immediately updated. We are going to connect the walls
and the curtain walls in 3D window. Press F5/Fn+F4 to open 3D. Select the two walls and one
curtain wall with the Arrow tool.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

70

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Choose Connect/Join Wall(s) to Curtain Wall... command from the context menu. Click on Join
in the upcoming dialog box. Click the unnecessary part of the wall with the eye cursor.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

71

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Repeat this with the other curtain wall.

The mullions of the curtain walls are not at the correct heights. The top of the distinct panel
mullions should be 150 mm above the story levels so that the distinct panel would cover the slab
edges as well as the space above the suspended ceiling. We have to adjust the scheme of the
curtain wall accordingly.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

72

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


To do this, we are going the measure the required distances in the section view. Double-click on
the S-01 Building Section in the Navigator. Click the Measure icon in the Toolbar. or press the M
key.

Measure the distance between the top of the mullion and the 13 Story level line on the right
side curtain wall. Use guidelines parallel to the frame if necessary to create an intersection with
the story levels.

We have to lower the panels by the measured distance minus 150 mms so that they extend past
the story levels. (We are assuming a floor cover thickness of 150 mm above the story level.)
Select the curtain wall and choose Edit in 3D.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

73

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


The view will change to 3D automatically. Now we enter into Curtain Wall editing mode. All other
elements are grayed out, but their geometry is still available as snap points. In the settings dialog
box we can set the visibility of the members of the curtain wall. Set to show the Scheme only.

Select the upper part of the curtain wall and click on a transom and choose Move Grid from the
Pet palette. Move the cursor downwards (make sure that the plane indicator shows that you are
on the plane of the scheme) and type the necessary distance value, d601 (in our case 751150=601) and press Enter. The scheme will change immediately.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

74

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Click OK on the editor palette when finished.

Then check the bottom part of the curtain wall and repeat measuring and editing (at the 9 Story
level line). The distance of the move is different than in the previous case (736-150=586 mm).
We must carry out similar modifications on the other curtain wall on the other side of the
building. Measure the required distances in the section window and than carry out the
modifications in the 3D window so that the upper point of the top of the mullions are 150 mm
above the story levels.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

75

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Open the section to check the results of the modifications, measure the distances.

Lets get back to the floor plan by double-clicking on 1. Story in the Navigator.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

76

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Check out the other stories as well and note how the cut line of the curtain walls changes across
the stories according to the curtain wall inclination. On the 1. Story, select the bottom four
columns and modify the top link to 1. Story. Because of the curtain wall inclination, these would
stick out of the building envelope. Click on Continue in the upcoming dialog box.

Since the two towers will be centrally symmetrical, repeat the same with the upper four columns
on the opposite side. Now 3x10 columns remain shown in the center. This will be the column
arrangement of a typical story.
Lets look at our tower on different floors. Note how the cut lines of the curtain walls vary
according to the level of the different stories cutting planes.
Note: To better visualize the concept, try different settings by selecting both
curtain walls and opening the Curtain Wall Settings dialog. In the Floor Plan and
Section panel, lets select Projected with Overhead and choose Entire Element
instead of To Floor Plan Range. Browsing the floors you can see that the elements
are represented differently on different stories depending on the height of the
current cut plane.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

77

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling

Horizontal Structures - Slabs


Now we finished the external shell of the building and its time to place the slabs between the
floors. To be able to place the slab between the ground floor and the 1. story, however, we should
be able to see the elements of the ground floor while remaining on the currently active 1. story.
To do this, we can use ArchiCADs Trace & Reference feature. This handy tool allows us to display
the content of a particular model view in the context of the current view, also, the content of the
traced view is automatically updated according to the changes of the model.
Traced elements cannot be modified, but they can be selected and their settings and attributes
can be transferred to other elements. Most importantly, the cursor can snap to them, enabling
precise placement and editing of elements on the current story.
In the Navigator, right-click the 0. Ground Floor and select Show as Trace Reference from the
upcoming context menu.
On the floor plan we can see the columns of the ground floor shown with a distinct yellow color.
The cursor recognizes the elements, but when we try to select them, well get a This element is
inactive in this view message.
Select the Slab tool in the Toolbox and the Rectangular geometry method in the Info Box.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

78

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Select the @200 RFC Slab_150 Parquet.fl composite, Core Top reference plane and LoadBearing Element structural function.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

79

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


The slab contains the load-bearing skin, the floor and suspended ceiling. Draw the slab with the
help of the columns as follows, so that the result is a slab of 18500 by 18500.

Go up to the 2. Story.
To place the intermediate slabs in the tower, we are going to modify the height of the Floor Plan
Cut Plane. This way we can easily track the contour of the building even at the slanted curtain
wall segments.
3D construction elements on the floor plan are displayed as if they were cut horizontally along a
theoretical plane; this is the Floor Plan Cut Plane.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

80

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Select Document/Floor Plan Cut Plane... and modify the Cut Plane height to Current Story to 0.
Click OK.

Draw the slab from the upper right corner of the insulation to the bottom right corner.

Now we will copy the slabs to the other stories in one step. While being on 2. Story, choose
3. Story to be shown traced.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

81

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Select the slab and hit Ctrl/Cmd+U or activate the Pet palette by clicking a corner point of the
slab and then choose Multiply. In the appearing dialog choose Drag, set 9 as Number of copies
with a vertical displacement of 3700 (height of a generic story). Choose Increment and check the
Set Home Story by Elevation checkbox. Click OK.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

82

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Now lets specify the distance of the horizontal displacement. First click on the end of the wall at
the upper left corner of the slab, then move your cursor upwards and click on the same spot of
the traced wall of the story above.

Click Continue in the prompt dialog. This way all slabs will be moved horizontally and vertically
as well up to the 11th story.
Check the result in the section. Now go to 11. Story and trace 12. Story. Repeat the Multiply
command, but choose 10 as Number of copies. In this case it is easier to set the horizontal
distance at the bottom part of the slab.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

83

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Lets open the section and change the composite of the top slab to @200 RFC Slab Green roof
and override its top surface to @Grass - Mossy Rock.
If all the heights and slab positions are correct then as a final step set the Cut Plane height to
Current Story back to 1100 (1,1 m.)
Right-click and switch Trace off. The traced elements disappear.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

84

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling

Multiplying Elements Across Stories - Beams


Our tower is all but ready we still need to add the beams to all the stories. One way is to copy
multiple elements from one story to another is by simply copy-pasting them.
Double-click on the 0. Ground Floor in the Navigator palette and open the Beam tool from the
Toolbox. Set:

Height: 400

Width: 500

Home Story: 1. Story (Current + 1)

Building Material: @Concrete - Reinforced

Elevation to Project Zero: 5200

Structural Function: Load-Bearing Element

Layer: Structural - Grid

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

85

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

86

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


You can use several construction methods to create the structure below: single, chained,
rectangular, as well as the Multiply command to copy elements in a single maneuver. Place
beams on the gridlines to achieve the following result.
Only make sure that the vertical beams of the towers are connected to the external side of the
horizontal beams.

Note: The beams are grouped if created with the chained geometry method.
Ungroup them in the Edit menu to be able to work with them individually.

We have to place the beams on the other 20 stories, but we definitely do not want to draw them
on each story one by one.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

87

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Open the 3D window. The current view is not perfect for this editing, because the walls and
curtain walls hide the needed parts of the model. We would like to see only the slabs and the
beams. Go to the View/Elements in 3D View/Filter and Cut Elements in 3D..., where we can
define the element types visible in 3D. Check only Beam and Slab.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

88

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Select the beams as on the picture. These are in the same position on each story.

Now we will multiply these in 3D similar to what we have done before with the slabs.
Hit Ctrl/Cmd+U to open the Multiply dialog. Set 20 as Number of copies, Distribute method and
make sure that the Set Home Story by Elevation checkbox is checked.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

89

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Orbit to a convenient view and click any top snap point of the beams and by holding the Shift
button down and click twice at any bottom corners of the load-bearing skin of the topmost slab
(at a distance of 74000) as a snap-to point.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

90

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Now, lets copy the other beams aligned to the slabs. Select the beams as below:

Hit Ctrl/Cmd+U and set 10 as number of copies. Click OK.


Click the bottom corner of the concrete skin of the slab.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

91

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Click the bottom corner of the concrete skin of the slab on the 11st story twice.

Select the copied beams on the 11st story and repeat the multiply operation between story 12
and 21.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

92

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling

Creating the Other Tower


The first tower is basically ready. All we have to do is to create a centrally symmetrical copy. We
already have the columns in position, so we have to duplicate the walls, curtain walls, beams and
the slabs. However, to ensure that columns wont be duplicated by mistake, well have to lock the
layer they are placed on, so they wont be selected.
Go to 2. Story and select, then right click any of the columns. From the context menu, select
Layers/Lock Layer. Do the same with the section marker as well. Columns, beams and the grid
are on the same layer (Structural Grid), consequently, all protected against accidental
modifications.

Draw a rectangle around the first tower with the Marquee tool using the All
Floors option (bold marquee).
This will select all elements within the marquee area on all the stories. Select Edit/
Move/Rotate a Copy from the menu.
The center of the rotation will be the mid-point between columns D6-D7.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

93

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Find the grid line with the cursor and wait for the Special Snap Point to appear in the middle. Click
the mid-point. We can start the rotation angle, but it will be easier to start on the grid line. As you
move the cursor, an outline of the marquee shows where the elements are going to be placed.

We can either click to the grid line opposite to the starting point or enter an Angle value of 180
in the Tracker by typing a180 and pressing Enter. The walls, curtain walls and slabs will be
duplicated and rotated.
Click Continue in the prompt dialog. Remove the selection and the Marquee by pressing Esc.
Now, we have to rotate copies of the vertical beams along the Y direction. We can do this on the
floor plan, story by story, but it would be very time consuming. Lets see another method in the
axonometric 3D window. Open Generic Axonometry from Navigator - Project Map.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

94

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Choose View/Elements in 3D Views/Filter and Cut Elements in 3D... and check Beams only.
Orbit the model to side view and select the beams by drawing a rectangle over the beams with
the Arrow tool. From the context menu, select Layers/Unlock Layer. Then orbit to the top view,
to be able to define the center of rotation.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

95

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Lets go to Edit/Move/Rotate a Copy and click on the mid-point of the central, horizontal beam. A
circular ruler appears at the center of the beam in the middle of its axis. The axis can be used for
defining the first point of the rotation, as well as the finishing point of the rotation angle.

Restore the view settings so that all types of elements will be shown in 3D except the Zones.
Check out the result in 2D, too. Open the 1. Story in the Navigator.
Now we only have to fill the middle part, so lets activate the Slab tool and change to @200 RFC
Slab_150 Tile.fl in the Info Box.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

96

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Place the slab in between the previously created ones.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

97

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling

Sections and Elevations


Now that we have a cross section, lets create a longitudinal section as well. Having more live
sections in a project will help you in checking the consistency of your model.
First, unlock the layer named Marker - Section in the Layer Settings dialog (Ctrl/Cmd+L) by
clicking on the red lock.

Select the Section tool in the Toolbox. Draw a longitudinal section across the towers. Now click
above the section line, where the section should face.

In the Navigator, a new view is added instantly in the Sections part.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

98

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Double-click on it to see the new section view, you can see the slab in the middle that we just
created. Lets copy this to all stories in 3D again. Select the slab in the section view and
press F5/Fn+F4.
In 3D select the slab again and press Ctrl/Cmd+U. Change to 20 for the Number of copies, select
Distribute method and click OK. Drag the slab upwards by its reference plane to the 21. Story or
type 74000 while holding the Shift key. Click twice to place it.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

99

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Check the section again for the result.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

100

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Lets create an elevation view as well. Go back to the floor plan and select the Elevation tool in
the Toolbox. Give a name to the new elevation line in the Info Box: South Elevation.

Then click below the building envelope to create the elevation line. When the cursor changes to a
little eye, click towards the building.

In the Navigator, the new view is created instantly.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

101

Chapter 2 Basic Modeling


Double-click on it to see the new elevation view.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

102

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


In this lesson well finish the sample project model. Well construct the central stairwell using
Hotlinked Modules to speed up working with repetitive elements. Well create stairs, elevators,
partition walls and get to know the Parametric Library Parts of ArchiCAD.
All measurements are in mm unless otherwise stated.
Lets open the Office building_3.pln file from the ArchiCAD_Training_Series_4\Demo
files\Startup files folder or continue the project that you completed in Chapter 2.

Creating a Hotlinked Module


The stairwell is a repetitive part in the building. We will create some of its parts in the main file,
and then we will continue developing it in a separate hotlinked module file. Hotlinked modules
allow you to store typical or repetitive parts of your building in external files and reuse them by
hotlinking them, in as many copies as needed into the actual project or other ArchiCAD files. The
main advantage of this solution is that whenever the content of the hotlinked modules changes
all placed instances in your projects will be updated automatically.
First lets create the outlines for the central part of the building between the two towers. Well
start drawing the walls on the 1.Story.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

103

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Activate the Wall tool and set:

link Wall Top to 2. Story (Home + 1)

composite to @250 Block_Ins_Plastered

Turn off Outside Surface Override and set inside to Stucco - White Rough.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

104

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Click OK to close the settings dialog. Make sure that Single geometry method and Core Inside
reference line is selected.
Start drawing the wall segment from the right to the left on the E axis, starting from E8 towards
E5. Make sure that the reference line of the new wall connects the reference lines of the vertical
walls.
Keep the Shift key pressed so that the horizontal angle is fixed and move the cursor to the left
side of the right tower.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

105

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Now select the wall and apply Edit/Move/Mirror a Copy from the menu or the context menu.
Click on the grid line below the wall. As you move the cursor, a ghost display of the mirrored
element appears. Click again on the grid line to complete the mirror axis. The new wall is placed.

Now we are going to create some internal concrete walls.


Deselect the mirrored wall first.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

106

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Double-click on the Wall tool and set the Basic structure to @Concrete - Reinforced and Wall
Thickness to 200. Set the top offset to -200. Set reference line to Outside Face and apply Stucco
- White Rough surface on both sides.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

107

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Draw a wall along axis 6, starting from the upper right corner of the column at C6 intersection to
the lower right corner of the column at E6. Repeat the same along axis 7. In a similar manner, a
horizontal wall connects the columns in the middle between the D6 and D7 intersections. Please
note how the columns are automatically intersected with the walls.

Select the new interior walls and the two horizontal exterior walls and choose File/External
Content/Save Selection as Module... from the menu. In the upcoming browser window, give a
name to this module like Staircase.mod and click Save. With this click you've saved the selected
elements into an external module file and at the same time placed one instance of this hotlinked
module into the host file. Now if you select the walls, their element information pop-up tag states
that they are part of a hotlinked module.
In many respects, a hotlinked module is very similar to a reference file (Xref ). It resides outside the
project file but is linked to the central (host) file. If changes occur in the module file, the host file is
updated to show these changes. But unlike a reference file, the elements of the hotlinked
modules are actually placed as elements into the host file, so if the external data is not available
(file is missing), the information is still not lost.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

108

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Lets see how that works. We will complete the stairway in the module file first and then check
how these changes are reflected in the host file. Save the current file and select File/Open from
the menu, browse for the previously saved module file (specify Module file as file type) and click
Open. Ignore the warning message about the missing library element if it appears and click to
proceed. In the opened module file, lets fit the contents into the floor plan window.

Lets add windows first. Open the Window Settings dialog. Select the Storefront Window 18
window from the Storefronts 18 folder. Change the settings as follows:

Width: 1500

Height: 2600

Sill to Story 1: 150

Reveal to Wall Face: 0 (change from Wall Core by pressing the arrow button)

Anchor: Side 1

Glass Surface: @Glass - Clear Fast

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

109

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules

Click OK.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

110

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


We will insert the window 300 mm from the vertical concrete wall on the left side. Move the
cursor to the left edge of the wall and wait for the orange dot to appear. Click on the dot to
activate a guide line. Move the cursor to the intersection point of the guide line and the
horizontal wall. Type x300-, the cursor jumps to the left by 300 mms.

Click the intersection point of the guide line and the wall exterior side. Click inside to define
opening direction.

Place a window to the opposite side of the wall as well. Use Side 2 anchor point now and type
x300+ when defining the distance from the new guide line. (You can also mirror a copy of the
previously created window.)

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

111

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Do the same with the bottom horizontal wall.
Open the Window Settings dialog box and modify the width to 2600 and the Horizontal division
number to 2 in the Storefront Settings/Panels section.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

112

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Place it aligned with the inner side of the concrete wall on the right. Create a Guide Line and use
Side 1 anchor for easier placement.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

113

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Check the result in 3D.

As the final step, well place a window in the stairwell. Lets go back to the floor plan. Open the
Window Settings dialog box. Modify the Anchor Point to Side 2.
We are going to place the window flush aligned with the right side of the left vertical wall.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

114

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Select File/Save from the menu. Lets open the host file and see what happens to the model after
these changes.
After opening the project file, we receive a warning about the status of the hotlinked modules. Choose
Update.

After the project opens, the changes we made to the module file are clearly visible.
The real advantage of this technology is that you can create multiple instances of even very
complex modules with just one click. Furthermore, any changes in the source module files are
instantly updated in all placed instances. Lets complete the stairway now and place the
previously created module on all stories.
Select any element of the module, all module elements are selected at once. Choose Edit/Move/
Multiply from the menu. On the Multiply dialog choose Elevate. Set Number of copies to 19,
Vertical displacement to 3700, method to Increment. Dont forget to check Set Home Story by
Elevation checkbox and press OK.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

115

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Continue in the prompt dialog and check the result in 3D.

Lets go back now to the 5. Story. We are going to open the tower walls to join them with the
central part of the building. In order to join the spaces of the module and the tower, we have to
remove some parts of the wall. We will use the Split command. This command basically shortens
the existing element and creates a new one on the other side of the splitting plane. This will also
have an effect on the curtain wall connections, because the newly created wall will not have any
automatic connections, while the existing wall will no longer need both side connections.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

116

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


In order to split the wall, we remove the connection between the curtain wall and the wall at one
side. If we split the wall, just one part will inherit the original properties. This depends on the wall
reference line direction, so activate View/On-Screen View Options/Walls & Beams Reference
Lines command to display the wall reference lines.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

117

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


On the right side of the left tower, the direction of the reference line is upwards. This means that
the bottom part of the wall will inherit the connection with the curtain wall when cut. Thus, we
are going to delete the connection with the upper curtain wall. Select the vertical wall to see the
Connections icon. Click on the x sign to delete the upper connection.

The part above the E5 column will disappear.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

118

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


With the vertical wall selected, choose Split icon from the Toolbar.

Define a split line by two points below the horizontal wall and click with the eye cursor upwards
to keep that part selected after splitting the wall.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

119

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Add the curtain wall to the selection and use the Join Wall(s) to Curtain Wall... command from
the context menu. Click Join in the upcoming dialog. The elements will be joined again.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

120

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Now we only have to shorten the vertical wall segments, so move the endnodes of the walls to
the middle of the columns at the top and the bottom, so that the spaces open up.

Repeat the same with the other towers wall. Be careful, the wall reference line direction is the
opposite on the other side, so we have to delete the bottom curtain wall connection.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

121

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Turn off the reference line visibility when done.

Lets now save the project file and return to the module file for further modifications.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

122

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules

Staircase
Lets continue the project by creating the stairs. These elements in ArchiCAD are handled as
library objects. You can either use prefabricated GDL objects from the ArchiCAD library or create
new custom stairs with the StairMaker tool. This time we will use an existing object from the
library.
Double-click the Stair tool in the Toolbox. The Stair Default Settings dialog box opens.
We can choose from several highly parametric prefabricated stair objects. This time well place a
new U-shape stair. Choose Stair U-Shape 18 from the Complete Stairs 18 folder.
Define parameters of the stairs:

Bottom Offset to Home Story: 150

Height: 3700

Rotation Angle: 270

check Mirror Library Part checkbox

define upper-left anchor point in the preview

In the Stair Settings panel/Surfaces section modify:

Base surface to @Concrete - Generic

Tread and Riser to Wood - Pine Grained Horizontal

Filling Elements, Bar, Post to Metal - Aluminium

In the Railing Type - Right section choose Wired, leave Railing Left as Same as Right.
Set Show on Stories to Home & One Story Up and Tags and Categories: Load-Bearing Element.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

123

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

124

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Click OK.
Click on the upper right corner of the wall. The stair is placed immediately.

Check the result in 3D.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

125

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules

Partition Walls
The staircase also incorporates the toilet blocks of each story, now we are going to create its
partitions.
Lets return to the floor plan to add some partition walls. Open the Wall Default Settings dialog
box and set:

Composite: Brick Double Plastered

Reference Line: Outside Face

Structural Function: Non-Load-Bearing Element

Layer: Interior - Partition

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

126

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules

Click OK.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

127

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


We are going to place a vertical partition wall at the side of the stairwell. Click on the right side of
the window and draw a vertical wall by holding down the Shift key.

The connection of the composite walls is incorrect. The connection of construction elements and
composites in all model views are determined by the intersection priority settings of Building
Materials. When Building Materials with unequal priorities intersect, the element with higher
priority will remain intact in 3D and will be in front in 2D.
The element of lower priority will be cut and the intersected part will be removed.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

128

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


We have to modify the Building Material used in the partition wall composite. First select both the
newly placed partition wall and the horizontal external wall on the floor plan - this will help to
identify which Building Materials are used in this connection. Then choose Options/Element
Attributes/Building Materials.... Building Materials used in the selected walls are highlighted
and checkmarked in the left column of the list. To sort the list by the materials used in the
selection click the icon in the top left corner. On the right we can see that the Brick - Structural
(720) material has higher priority than @Concrete - Block (610), resulting in incorrect connections.

One option is to lower the priority of the Brick - Structural material. Scrolling down the list
however, we can see that the Brick building material has a lower priority (540), which means that
we can replace the material in the partition wall composite without touching the priorities.
Close the dialog.
Select the partition wall, right-click and choose Edit Selected Composite... in the context menu.
In the list of skins click Brick - Structural and choose Brick from the pop-up list.
Repeat the same with another composite as well: Brick Single Plastered.
Important: We have to modify the Composite Structure in the main file too, so the
walls would appear correctly. Next time when you open the host file repeat the
same changes.
Create a horizontal wall with same settings as before, 2070 mm away from the upper side of the
structural concrete wall in the middle.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

129

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Use a Guide Line, drag it by 2070 mm upwards to create an intersection point and draw the wall
from the left to the right.

When done, use Drag a Copy and create a new wall by 2858 mms above. Change its composite
to Stud Partition after positioning.
We would like to close the right side of the passage with a vertical wall. This wall will have the
same length as the structural concrete wall in the middle, but positioned on the right side of the
layout.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

130

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


The easiest way to do it is to draw it downwards along the vertical wall, then drag it to the right
horizontally. Use the corner of the vertical wall as a drag reference and the corner of the exterior
wall as a drag-to point.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

131

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Finally, well create a short wall from the left corner of the window in the middle to the
bottommost point of the vertical wall. Open the Wall Default Settings dialog box.
Change the composite to Brick Single Plastered in the Info Box.
Click on the left corner of the window. While holding down the Shift key, move your cursor
upwards and click on the endpoint of the wall on the left.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

132

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules

Doors
Doors are part of the extensive ArchiCAD Object library. There are several fully parametric doors
to choose from or modify freely in the default library and of course you can download or create
new ones if required. Let's place a few doors in the central block of the building.
Double-click on the Door tool in the Toolbox to open the Settings dialog.
In the Library, select the Door 18 object by entering door in the search field on the top left.

Anchor: Center

Sill to Wall base: 150 (change vertical anchor by the arrow button)

Browse the settings for frames, leaves, tresholds, etc. and use your preferred settings.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

133

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Click OK.
Position the cursor at the bottom right corner of the partition wall in the middle and enter x1100-.
Press Enter.

The next step determines the opening direction of the door, click the top right quarter. The door
will be placed accordingly.
Use the same method to insert another door in the concrete wall. We can either create a Guide
Line or move a door horizontally to make sure the doors are vertically aligned.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

134

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Now we are going to create double doors. Double-click on the Door tool and select the Double
Door 18 object.
Set size to 1500/2400 and create three double doors at a 4600 mm distance from the bottom
corners of the vertical walls and one opening towards the staircase. Set the opening directions as
shown.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

135

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules

Nested Modules - Fixtures


The default ArchiCAD library contains about 1000 parametric elements, which makes modeling
really productive. We can also search for additional objects on the BIMcomponents portal at
www.BIMcomponents.com or launched directly from ArchiCAD in the bottom-left corner of the
Object Settings dialog. The content of the object library may vary by the different localized
versions of ArchiCAD.
Feel free to browse the objects and their settings. At this point however we are not going to place
any of them into our module file, but we will gain advantage of the collaborative work of our
office environment instead.
The fixtures of the central part of the building were already created by another team member and
saved into another module file.
One solution is to place the fixture arrangement into the main ArchiCAD file - the same method
as for the central part itself, or - to avoid placing the module multiple times again - we can simply
embed it into the staircase module file. This way we can have a Nested Module.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

136

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Open File/External Content/Place Hotlinked Module..., the Place Module dialog opens.
In this dialog you can set on which layer you want to place the module and its ID. Orientation and
Elevation will be available after the module is chosen. Assuming that the story heights and
elements are correctly linked, leave Remove Top Link and use original height radio button
selected and click Choose Hotlink....

Note: The Skip Nested Modules checkbox allows you not to display the modules
nested (if there are any) into the hotlink you are about to choose.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

137

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Click New Hotlink... and choose from File.

Locate Fixtures_1.mod and click Select.


Click OK for All Stories (Multistory) in the upcoming Choose Story dialog. The hotlink is chosen,
click OK to close the Choose Hotlink dialog and Place Module.
The Match Stories dialog appears, here you can select which story of the module should be
pasted into the current story. The staircase follows the story structure of the original building, but
the fixtures were created on the project zero level in another file, so choose 0. Ground Floor (0)
and click OK.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

138

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules

The module is placed immediately, click outside the bounding box to finalize its position. Check
the 3D. We can see that the elevation of the fixtures is the same as the concrete walls in the
middle which is incorrect since we have a 150 mm high flooring on top of the structural skin of
the slab in the main ArchiCAD file.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

139

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


We could simply drag the whole module and elevate it in 3D, but instead, switch back to the floor
plan, select the module and choose Hotlinked Module Settings... from the context menu.

Set Elevation to 150 and click OK.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

140

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Check the result in 3D, then save the module file from the floor plan view and return to the main
ArchiCAD file, by File/Open.
When opening the project file, we receive the warning that a module has to be updated.
Choose Update.

The module will be updated but we can see that the composite modifications still have to be
carried out to achieve the same result as in the module file.
Open Options/Element Attributes/Composites... and change the Brick - Structural skin to
Brick for Brick Double Plastered and Brick Single Plastered composites.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

141

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Note: This is a minor modification now, but when many attributes change it is
recommended to overwrite the attributes in the Attribute Manager to make sure
that all changes are present in all projects.
Check the longitudinal section and overall 3D. We can confirm that all the additions to the
module file are now present in the project file.
Use the 3D Cutting Plane to see the building from different cut views.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

142

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules

Hotlink Management - Ground Floor and Roof


Lets go now to the ground floor. It is still fairly empty, so well have to add some perimeter walls
as well as a stair going up to the 1. Story.
The ground floor layout was also created in a separate module file, so lets place it into our
project.
Note: We will change the ground floor module therefore it is suggested to make a
copy of the module file before loading it, so the original remains unchanged.

Open 0. Ground Floor and apply File/External Content/Place Hotlinked Module....


Click Choose Hotlink..., you can see we already have two hotlinks established with this project.
Click New Hotlink.../from File and browse for Storefront Windows_Stairs_GF.mod. Choose All
Stories. Click OK and Place Module and OK again in the Match Stories dialog and OK to paste
ground floor content to 0. Ground Floor. Choose Original Location if prompted.
The module appears, open the S-01 Building Section to check the results. The windows are a bit
far outside the insulation skin, so lets change them in the module file.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

143

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Choose File/Open/Open..., check the Launch a new instance of ArchiCAD checkbox and
browse for the module file. When opened fit the floor plan view into the window.
Activate the Window tool, select all elements (Ctrl/Cmd+A) and open their settings. Change to
Reveal to Wall Core and set it to -100.

Repeat the same setting with the door as well and save the module file.
Go back to the 0. Ground floor of the main file. Open File/External Content/Hotlink
Manager....
All modules are present in the dialog, the top part lists the actual modules that are present in the
project, while the bottom part shows the sources of the modules. We can see that the Fixtures_1
module is part of the Staircase module.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

144

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


The Storefront Windows_Stairs_GF source however is shown as Modified. Select the source
and click Update on the right, then OK.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

145

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


The changes will be carried out immediately, check the section again to see the results.

Open the 0. Ground floor again and choose 1. Story to be traced. We will place some elevators.
Activate the Object tool and open its settings.
Type elevator into the search field and choose Elevator 18 when shown.

Rotation Angle: 90

set bottom left corner as anchor

Elevator Settings panel/Dimensions section:

check Show Elevator Shaft checkbox

go back to the Preview and Positioning panel and change size to 1800/2900

enlarge Car Inner Depth to 2000

Car Inner Width: 1200

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

146

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

147

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Slabs and Overruns section:

uncheck Lift Overrun

Story Settings section:

add 21 to Normal Stories (Number of Stories above Home Story)

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

148

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Floor Plan and Section panel:

change Floor Plan Display/Show on Stories to All Relevant Stories

Click OK and place two elevators into the corner of the middle part of the staircase.

Check 3D to see the result.


The building is almost ready, we only have to place some additional slabs into the ground floor
and make some openings in the staircase. Lets continue with the ground floor and turn off
Trace.
Lets create some surroundings for the building now. Activate the Slab tool and change the
composite to @Pavement in the Info Box and set its structural function to Non-Load-Bearing
Element.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

149

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Place the slab as shown.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

150

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


We would like to differentiate the slab under the building from the other part of the slab. Select
the pavement slab and activate the Pet Palette by clicking on one of its nodes or edges. Choose
Subtract from Polygon command and Polygonal geometry method in the Infobox and click
along the external sides of the columns. This will create a hole in the pavement.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

151

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Now fill this hole with another slab, change the composite to @150 RFC Slab_Stone.fl_Ground
and set it back to Load-Bearing Element and click the same points you used for creating the hole.
Lets open a 3D window and section to check the result.
The plinth is not 100 percent correct so select the pavement slab and the ground floor exterior
walls and open the Building Materials dialog. Change the priority of @Concrete - Pavement to
390 (less than the aluminium panels).

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

152

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


There is only one thing left: cutting openings into the central slabs.
We could have created the slabs with their openings in the module file, but now we already have
them in the main file and do not want to delete and recreate them.
Lets go back to 1. Story and select the central slab. With the Subtract from Polygon command
of the Pet palette cut holes around the stairs, the elevators and one for a shaft behind the toilets.
This is what we want to recreate on all other central slabs.

Deselect the slab and open the 3D, now all elements are visible.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

153

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Hit Ctrl/Cmd+F to open the Find & Select palette. Choose Element Type as Slab and click Add.
Add Composite as a Criteria. Now select the top slab in the middle and click the Copy Settings
button then the + button - all central slabs are selected with 21 selected elements.

Right-click on an empty area and click Show Selection/Marquee in 3D.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

154

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Orbit to a view where you can see the holes of the bottom slab clearly. Click on the edge of the
reference plane of the first slab above it that is still selected (along with 20 more slabs), the Pet
palette appears.

Choose Subtract from Polygon again and draw a rectangle around the holes on the bottom slab
by using the Magic Wand (keep Space key pressed). Click the edge of the reference plane
through the holes of the bottom slab.
The subtraction will be projected to the slabs that are still selected and the command will be
carried out on all of them in one step. Repeat with the other two holes and orbit the model to
check the result. Always make sure that all slabs are selected during the action.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

155

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Fill the shaft holes for the bottom and topmost slabs by selecting them and using the Add to
Polygon command of the Pet palette.

Deselect the slabs, show all in 3D and close the Find & Select palette.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

156

Chapter 3 - Hotlinked Modules


Go to 0. Ground Floor and cut a hole around the elevators.

As a final step, select the topmost slab and change its composite to @200 RFC Slab_150
Tile.fl_Roof.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

157

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


In this lesson well learn about some advanced modeling features of ArchiCAD, like profiled
building elements, Shell and Morph tool. Well finish modeling our building. All measurements
are in mm unless otherwise stated.
Lets open the Office building_4.pln file from the ArchiCAD_Training_Series_4\Demo
files\Startup files folder or continue the project that you completed in Chapter 3.

Shell
We would like to create a nice restaurant on the 21. Story. The roof of the restaurant will be a
ruled geometry element, which we create with the Shell tool. The Shell in ArchiCAD is a real
building element with a wide range of creative uses. We can use it to model elements ranging
from the entire exterior of a building to a single custom object.
In the first step we are going to place a curtain wall from a module file. Apply File/External
Content/Place Hotlinked Module.... Choose New Hotlink... and browse for Curtain
Wall_Shell_ROOF.mod, set Elevation to 205 and paste it to Original location. Check the pasted
module in 3D.
The inserted module contains the curtain wall envelope of the restaurant and the 2D outlines
that will help us to create the roof shell.
Creating a ruled shell needs editing planes for its profiles, now we will provide them temporarily
by placing a bounding geometry around the desired shell on the 21. Story floor plan. Open the
Wall tool settings and set:

Basic structure: Air Space

Thickness: 0

Wall Top: Not Linked

Wall Height: 4500

Bottom offset to Home Story: 3500

Floor Plan Display: Projected with Overhead

Turn off Override Surfaces

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

158

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

159

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


Click OK and draw two wall segments on the horizontal outlines of the shell.

Open 3D, select the two walls and show selection only in 3D.

Now well create the geometry using the Shell tool.


Deselect the walls and activate the Shell tool in the Toolbox. Choose Ruled geometry method,
Detailed construction method from the Info Box and set Structure to Basic, material to
@Concrete - Reinforced and thickness to 250.

Change the overrides to @Concrete - Formwork and set Load-Bearing Element structural
function.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

160

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


We have to define the first input plane by using Editing Plane. To do this, we can click on a
surface, linear edge or points. Lets define the vertical surface of the transparent wall as the
editing plane for entering the first polygon of the ruled element.

To create the first profile of the shell we will draw a rising line from the bottom corner on the left
to the upper corner on the right.
Click the bottom corner, then double-click the top corner to finish creating the first profile.

Now define the Profile Plane of the second profile: click the other transparent wall.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

161

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


On this plane, draw the second profile, relying on the feedback to see how the ruled shell will be
formed. First we have to enter the starting point of the profile on the upper left corner of the wall
then finish the profile and the shell itself by double-clicking the bottom right corner of the wall.

Lets show all in 3D again and select the two walls.

Change their layers to Hidden in the Info Box to make them disappear.

Now we will curve the profiles of the shell in the context of the building. Click on the edge and
activate the Curve edge icon from the Pet palette. Move the cursor upwards and click when the
arc is acceptable (do not go below 350 000 with the Arc Radius value). Repeat this editing with
the other profile.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

162

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling

Finally, we are going to trim the curtain wall with the shell. Since the top floor elements are part
of a hotlinked module, editing them is not possible at the moment, so lets merge them into the
project. Go back to the 21. Story, select the curtain wall module and choose Hotlink Manager...
from the context-menu.
Select the Curtain Wall_Shell_ROOF Hotlinked Module and click Break Hotlink.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

163

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


The elements of the module are now regular editable ArchiCAD elements, no longer part of a
module and no longer linked to any other source file. The module will also disappear from the
Hotlink Manager the next time you open it. Once the hotlink is broken, the placed elements can
be edited, however the elements will be automatically grouped.
Add the shell to the selection and use Connect/Trim Elements to Roof/Shell.

Check 3D to see the result.


We also have to create some holes in the shell. Go back to the top floor plan, select the shell and
choose Create Hole in Shell in the context-menu. Space-click one of the circles (note that the
cursor will not change to a Magic Wand as usual) on the sides and repeat the whole process on
the other side as well. Check 3D again.

It should be noted that elements trimmed to each other are associative: modifying one element
will immediately affect the connected element.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

164

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling

Modifying Curtain Walls


Zooming in to the top of the curtain walls we can see that their top boundaries were not adjusted
automatically to the shells.

Go back to 21. Story and ungroup the curtain walls by selecting them and using the Edit/
Grouping/Ungroup command.
Activate the Section tool and draw a section marker through the red hotspots near the curtain
wall on the left and face them towards the interior. We will use this section and create new ones
as well temporarily for editing the curtain wall boundaries.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

165

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


Open the section and select the curtain wall. Choose Design/Modify Curtain Wall/Boundary
Editing in Section/Extract Boundary to Fill. The current boundaries of the curtain wall are now
turned into and represented as a rectangular fill. Changing this fill we can modify the curtain wall
boundaries as well. Change the fill by the Pet palette commands (Move Node at the top corners
and Curve Edge at the top side).

With the fill still selected apply Design/Modify Curtain Wall/Boundary Editing in Section/
Redefine Boundary from Fill. The fill disappears, now click on a horizontal curtain wall frame to
finish boundary editing.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

166

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


Repeat the same process on the three other sides as well. Always check the result in 3D and
delete all new sections from the Navigator when finished.

Profiled Elements
Wed like to place an attic wall around the top slab.
Double-click on the 21.Story in the Navigator palette and open the Wall Settings dialog. Leave
Wall Top as Not Linked and modify the height to 1200 mm, change Bottom Offset to 0 and
change the Composite to @200 Block_Ins_Air_Alu.sheet. Set the reference line position to Core
Outside. Choose @Metal - Aluminium_Panels Surface Overrides.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

167

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

168

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


In the Info Box, select the Chained geometry method. Start to draw the wall from the top right
corner on the left tower and go around the edge of the slab counter-clockwise through the red
hotspots.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

169

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling

Repeat the same with the other tower, draw counter-clockwise again.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

170

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


Select the roof terrace slab and add the extra area to it - using Pet palette commands - in between
the slab and the external side of the curtain wall. Draw from hotspot to hotspot. Repeat the same on
the other side and make the middle slab smaller as well so that its edges join the roof terrace slabs.

Check the result in 3D.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

171

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


We would like to customize the attic wall around the top slab. But none of the already available
profiles will do, so we will create a new profile for that purpose. Custom profiles are great to
model walls with non-rectangular profiles. Turn Suspend Groups on.

Select the attic wall in the 3D window. Activate Design/Complex Profiles/Capture Profile of
Selection from the menu, the Profile Manager and Profile Editor will open.

We can edit our profile in the Profile Editor window. We want a zinc cap on this wall. The list of
profiles already contains a zinc cap that we could add on top of our existing wall, but we want the
whole structure to be handled as one element. We can either draw the zinc cap, or copy it from
the cap profile. Lets do the latter one.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

172

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


Select the @Zinc cap profile from the list of profiles.

Select the fills in the Profile Editor and copy them (Ctrl/Cmd+C). Select the Custom profile from
the list again and paste the zinc cap fills by Ctrl/Cmd+V.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

173

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


Click outside the bounding rectangle when the cap is in a good position.
Also, we can specify which parts of the profile can be stretched (if needed). Tick off the
Horizontal Stretch layer on the Design Layers panel. The vertical dashed lines will disappear.
Select the Vertical Stretch line and move the upper line downwards and the bottom line
upwards as shown. Here only the inclined part will be stretchable.

We can also override fill settings concerning surface materials on the Components Default
panel and choose whether we want the surfaces generated from the building materials or from
an overriding surface. Select the concrete block fill and choose Uniform, @Concrete - Generic.
When finished, click on the Store Profile button and name it @Attic wall in the appearing dialog.
We are going to use this particular profile with walls only. Close Profile Manager and Profile
Editor now.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

174

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


Lets put the profile to use now. Select the attic walls (turn on groups again) in the 3D window.
Open the Wall Settings dialog and modify the Wall Structure to Complex Profile. Set the
Complex Structure to @Attic wall. Click OK.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

175

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


The existing attic wall will be changed to profile wall automatically. Check the result.

Now lets cover the walltops of the staircase. Open Wall Settings dialog and apply Custom
Profiles again with @Zinc flashing, 0 Bottom Offset to 21. Story and as Non-Load-Bearing
Element.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

176

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


Draw the flashing on top of the wall with Single geometry method.

Orbit to the other side and create the other flashing as well.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

177

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


As a final step lets create a grid foundation. Right-click any of the stories in the Navigator and
choose Story Settings.... Create a story below the Ground Floor with an Elevation of -1300.

Click OK, go to -1. Story and trace 0. Ground Floor.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

178

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


Open the Wall tool settings and change complex profile to @Grid foundation. Turn off Surface
Override and set Load-Bearing Element structural function. Draw a grid below the building.

Turn off Trace and check the sections when done.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

179

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling

Importing Standard Profiles


We are going to create a supporting structure for the roof. Go to 21. Story.
First well place columns in the floor plan. We would like to use a standard, predefined profile.
Choose Options/Import Standard Steel Profile... command. We can define the Country Code
and the Geometry. Modify the geometry to Circular Hollow. The advantage of this workflow is
that we do not have to draw the steel profile manually.

Select CFCHS273.0X12.5 profile in the list and click on Add Profile to the Project >>. The
selected structures now appear in the list to the right. Click Import. The profile is now available
for use in our ArchiCAD project.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

180

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


Go back to the 21. Story and double-click on the Column tool to open the Settings dialog box.
Change the structure to Complex and select the hollow profile from the list. Change Wall Top to
Not Linked, modify the height of the column to 9000 mm and Structural Function to LoadBearing Element.
Place the columns on the hotspots in the holes of the shell.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

181

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling

Morph
Next, we will create steel cables running from the top of the column to the edge of the roof. Open
the 3D window. Activate the Morph tool.
The Morph tool is a versatile modeling solution in ArchiCAD, allowing you to create complex solid
shapes, surfaces or even 3D lines. We will use a Morph to model the steel cables.
Choose the Structural - Bearing layer and the Polygonal geometry method with @Steel Stainless building material and Load-Bearing Element in the Info Box. Using this method, we
can create 3D lines.

Click on the center of the column and draw the cable to the corner of the shell. Double-click to
finish drawing.

Further cables should be placed 4000 mm in between each, starting from the corner.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

182

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


Select View/Special Snap Options/Distance and Along Entire Element. Also open Set Special
Snap Values... to specify the distance.

Place 4 cables on both edges of the shell. The result will be similar to the image below:

Place cables at the other column, too.


Rotate a copy of the cables on the floor plan to place them quickly.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

183

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


Lets delete the 2D lines of the roof, open the Layer Settings (Ctrl/Cmd+L). Select Shell_CW - 2D
layer and click Delete.... The Delete and Replace dialog prompts that all elements on the selected
layer will be deleted by deleting the layer. Click Delete and OK to close the Layer Settings dialog.

The last modeling exercise will be to create a gate. This example illustrates the many possible
uses of the Morph tool.
Open 0. Ground Floor.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

184

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


Open the Morph settings and modify the Surface Override to Paint - Vermilion, change Building
material to GENERIC - STRUCTURAL and layer to Morph - General. Click OK and set the
geometry method to Rectangular.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

185

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


The editing plane is the top surface of the slab. Open 3D and draw a rectangle in front of the
entrance of the building similar to the image below.

Select the Morph and click on any edge and activate the Tube icon from the Pet palette. Pull the
rectangle upwards.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

186

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


Click to turn and pull the gate to the right side. When we turn downwards, we can use the Shift
key to grab the right direction. Double-click to finish the morph.

We will also fillet the corners and edges of the morph in the 3D window. Select the entire morph
and choose the Fillet/Chamfer icon in the Toolbar.

Set the radius of fillet to 300 and click OK.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

187

Chapter 4 - Advanced Modeling


At this point our model is finished.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

188

Chapter 5 Documentation

Chapter 5 Documentation
In this lesson, well create views for the documentation of our project. Well get to know the Zone
and dimensioning tools of ArchiCAD. To make the documentation more interesting and
meaningful, well also visualize the building in different ways.
Lets open the Office building_5.pln file from the ArchiCAD_Training_Series_4\Demo
files\Startup files folder or continue the project that you completed in Chapter 4.

Zones
Before we create the zones in the main file, lets briefly examine the possibilities. Select Options/
Element Attributes/Zone Categories... from the menu. The Zone Categories dialog box opens.

Click on the upper button to view the list of available zone categories.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

189

Chapter 5 Documentation
Zones in ArchiCAD are basically rooms or spaces that may be grouped according to their usage.
Usage types are called Zone Categories. To modify default zone color, click the color window and
select from color palette.
We have a Communication & Access category that will be used for the stairwell.
For the toilets well create a category called Sanitary. Click on the New... button. In the upcoming
dialog box, enter 10 as category code and Sanitary as the category name. Click on OK.

Define the color of the Sanitary category by double-clicking on the color field. Choose a light
blue color.Then change the color of the Communication & Access category to gray and Office
to some light orange.
A Zone Stamp object can be assigned to every category. The stamp shows the necessary
information about the zone, depending on the parameters defined in the bottom part of the
Zone Categories dialog.
Click OK.
Go to 1. Story and open the Zone Default Settings dialog by double-clicking on the Zone tool
in the Toolbox.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

190

Chapter 5 Documentation
Select the Communication & Access zone category. Enter Staircase as the Zone name, type 101
to the Number and choose Manual geometry method. Set 150 as Subfloor thickness and -200
Top offset. Link zone top to 2. Story (Home + 1).

We can define the format and visibility of the text of the Zone Stamp. We can also change the
order of the parameters.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

191

Chapter 5 Documentation
Zone Stamp panel:

Scale Sensitive: Off

Representation: check Show Zone Name, Show Zone No., Show Floor Finish, Show
Measured Area

Zone Name Font Size (mm): 2,00

Data Font Size (mm): 1,50

Set Frame Style to None

Finishes/Floor Finish: ceramic tile

Click OK.
Select the Rectangular option for Manual construction method in the Info Box.

Click on two opposite corners of the staircase. Once the rectangle is ready, the cursor changes to
the familiar hammer. Click to place the zone stamp.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

192

Chapter 5 Documentation
For the next zone modify the name to Corridor in the Info Box. The number will be changed
automatically. Create the next zones by clicking on the room corners. Use PolyLine construction
method. Create the zone for the kitchen by clicking over the internal perimeter of the room as
shown below and enter Passage/Kitchen as the name for the zone.

We will use the Automatic recognition method to create the following zones.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

193

Chapter 5 Documentation
In the Info Box, select the Inner Edge construction method, the Sanitary category and change
the name to Restroom. Double-click inside the room. The zone boundary is recognized instantly
(similar to the Magic Wand function with the slabs). Place the stamp somewhere in the middle.
Modify the name to Toilet and place the other zone stamp.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

194

Chapter 5 Documentation
Select all zones and activate Cover fills in the Info Box. Select Grid 30x30 and 102 for
Foreground Pen color.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

195

Chapter 5 Documentation

Dimensions
In ArchiCAD we have the choice of either placing dimension lines one by one or letting
Automatic Dimensioning do the job. In order to be more productive with the documentation,
lets use the latter one.
Select all the elements by pressing Ctrl/Cmd+A. Open Dimension Settings and change Witness
Line to Sized Height.

Close the dialog. Select Document/Document Extras/Automatic Dimensioning/Exterior


Dimensioning... from the menu.
In the appearing dialog box, check Place dimensions on four sides checkbox. Set the distance
between dimensions lines to 1000 mm.

Click OK.
At the bottom of the screen, the status bar tells us what to do next.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

196

Chapter 5 Documentation
Click on any horizontal or vertical element (e.g. on a slab edge). The point is to define an angle
parallel to the main building directions.
Click to place the dimension lines outside the perimeter of the building when the cursor changes
to a hammer.
Dimension lines are placed instantly on all four sides of the building.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

197

Chapter 5 Documentation
With all elements selected now choose Interior Dimensioning... from the Automatic Dimension
menu as before. Check Dimension Each Skin and click OK.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

198

Chapter 5 Documentation
Now you only have to draw a polyline, which will turn into a dimension line. Draw a line
longitudinally through the doors and double-click to finish it and place with the checkmark cursor.

Dimensions in ArchiCAD are associative, meaning they are tied to the elements they refer to, so if
the element is moved or changed, dimensions follow these changes automatically.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

199

Chapter 5 Documentation
As mentioned earlier, dimension lines can also be placed individually, but instead of that, lets use
automatic dimensioning in another way. Open the S-01 Building Section.
Open Dimension Tool Settings, change to Elevation Dimension Type and modify Marker size to
2 mm.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

200

Chapter 5 Documentation
Select all slabs in the section and run Automatic Dimensioning. Check all checkboxes and place
the dimension line.

The cursor changes to a hammer. Simply click anywhere to place the dimension line.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

201

Chapter 5 Documentation

Labels
Labels are optional text blocks or symbols linked to construction elements and 2D fills, allowing
you to identify or comment elements or parts of your design.
Labels can contain custom text specification, predefined automatic texts or a symbol.
There are three kinds of labels:

Independent labels are manually placed in the Floor Plan or in a Section/Elevation/Interior


Elevation or 3D Document window using the Label tool. Typically, you will use an
independent label to display custom information (e.g. instructions or additional information)
that does not come from the model.

Associative labels can be added to placed elements or assigned automatically when the
element is created. Typically, you will use associative labels to identify model elements and
their parameters.

Member labels can be added in Section/Elevation windows only to any individual Curtain
Wall member.

Labels can be placed individually or we can also automatize their placement by elements. We will
place them manually first.
Go back to 1. Story and activate the Label tool. The label type can be chosen in the Info Box, by
default Independent label is set with Text content.

Lets open the Label Settings. In the Content and Preview panel you can see all types of labels.
Selecting each of them, the defaults can be set for all different types. We want to label the wall
structures, beams and slabs.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

202

Chapter 5 Documentation
Select Wall Tool in the Content and Preview panel and change content to Structure Label 18.
Unfold the Structure Label Settings. Check Flip Label and Mirror Label and uncheck Marker
Head.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

203

Chapter 5 Documentation
Now select Beam Tool and change to Dimension Label 18.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

204

Chapter 5 Documentation
Select Slab Tool label as well, set Structure Label 18, Font Size to 2,00, check Reverse Skin
Order and uncheck Marker Head in the Structure Label Settings panel.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

205

Chapter 5 Documentation
Click OK to close the settings dialog and choose Associative label type in the Info Box.

Click on the two vertical external walls, the labels will be placed automatically with the skin list of
the composites.
Now click some of the beams, the associated type of labels will appear.

Note: Associative labels cannot be assigned to elements of Hotlinked Modules or


locked layers.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

206

Chapter 5 Documentation
Lets automatize labeling now. Open S-01 Building Section. Select the roof terrace slab, the
bottom slabs of the ground floor and the first floor slab. Hit Ctrl/Cmd-T to open their settings.
On the Listing and Labeling panel check Label Slab.

Click OK, labels will appear automatically. Select them individually while the Label tool is active
and arrange them.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

207

Chapter 5 Documentation

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

208

Chapter 5 Documentation

Interactive Schedules
Its time now to see what building components the project is made of. One of the major benefits
of the BIM technology that we can derive quantity take-offs, schedules and element lists at any
time.
Double-click on the Door List in the Schedules/Element section of the Project Map.

Instantly we see a list of all the door elements used in the building, according to type, size and
orientation. We can adjust the height/width of the last column in the schedule by double-clicking
on the small handle on the rulers.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

209

Chapter 5 Documentation
Click the Scheme Settings button and add Height and Width Window/Door parameters in
the Fields/Door list panel. Move them in front of 2D Symbol by dragging them by the small
arrows on the left side before the 2D Symbol item.

In the Fields panel, we define which information from the selected elements should be listed.
There is a general set of attributes (layer, height, story, quantity, surface area, volume, etc.) that
can be associated with any element. Also there is an element-specific (here door-specific) set of
attributes (like orientation, thickness, etc.). Attributes that can be modified in the Interactive
Schedule are shown in blue. Already selected attributes are grayed.
Click OK.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

210

Chapter 5 Documentation

Select the Double Door with 2 Sidelights, Transom 18 door in the schedule. Since we are
working on a live, editable BIM model, we can even modify certain elements from the Interactive
Schedule lists. However, since all doors are now part of Hotlinked Modules, they are locked.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

211

Chapter 5 Documentation
To make the doors editable, lets return to a floor plan view, open Hotlink Manager and use
Break Hotlink for the storefront module placed on the ground floor.
Now the schedule fields of the entrance door are editable again. Change the width of the
selected element to 5200 mm and height to 4000 mm.

Use the icon in the upper panel of the schedule to select particular elements of the schedule on
the floor plan as well.

This way, the Interactive schedules are not merely lists of elements and their parameters, but real
interactive model views where all changes are reflected in the other views.
In most cases, it makes more sense to make modifications in floor plan or section or 3D views, but
in some cases (especially if the changes of some parameters are tied to other parameters) its
easier to find and change elements in a schedule view than trying to locate them on a floor plan.
Return to the schedule and re-set the original width and height values of the selected door
(4650/5500). Lets see what else we can list. Click Scheme Settings....
In the upper panel, we can select which schedule we would like to edit. (Later, we will create new
schedules as well.) Select the current Door List and return to the Field/Door List panel.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

212

Chapter 5 Documentation
By clicking the arrow button beside the Add command and selecting the Add Object
Parameters menu item, we can select any library part in the loaded libraries and then select any
of their parameters to be available (even down to the material of the handle).

Information such as the cost or the manufacturer can also be added.


Lets return to the Scheme Settings dialog by clicking Cancel.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

213

Chapter 5 Documentation
We can add and remove schedule fields. Select the Nominal W x H size field and click the
Remove button. Attributes can be added simply by drag-and-dropping them from the list into
the schedule fields as well. Add ID from the General parameter set. Move it to the first field.

Click OK.
We are going to add dimensions to the preview picture in Schedule. Select the preview of the
Double Door with 2 Sidelights, Transom 18 door, then click on the Annotate button.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

214

Chapter 5 Documentation
The Element Preview opens in a separate window. We can use 2D tools to annotate, such as
dimension, label and text. Activate the Dimension tool and use Linear dimensioning. Click on
the points of the opening and the points of the door leaf. Place the dimension line by doubleclicking, then click with the hammer cursor.
Click OK in the window menu of the drawing to close this window and apply the annotations to
the selected preview.

Now lets create a completely new schedule for the amount of concrete. We would like to find out
how much concrete we need on the different floors for each type of structure.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

215

Chapter 5 Documentation
Open the Scheme Settings dialog again and click on the Create New... button. Choose
Components in the Items list and name the schedule as Concrete. Click OK. The new schedule
appears in the list of available schedules.

In the Criteria panel change Wall to All Types. Add Building Material as Criteria with an and
condition and select @Concrete - Reinforced as Value. Add the three other concrete types as
well the same way, but with or condition.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

216

Chapter 5 Documentation
In the Fields panel add:

General: Home Story

Building Material: Name

Components: Building Material/Composite/Profile and Composite Skin/Component


Volume

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

217

Chapter 5 Documentation
Note: If a parameter is not available for listing choose Add Object Parameters from
the list of the Add button below. This makes it possible to search for specific elements
of the library and add their own object parameters to the schedules. The same way, IFC
properties can also be included.
Check the flag for Name and sum for Composite Skin/Component Volume. The flag sets the
summary by Building Material (the different types of concretes).

Click OK to see the schedule. Set proper cell widths and heights.
Lets add some formatting to the schedule.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

218

Chapter 5 Documentation
First, check Merge Uniform Items and Show Headline. Select Entire Schedule in the Apply
Format Options list and select No borders.

Select Total, change Row Height to 8,00, Font Size to 4,00 and change color to pen 20.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

219

Chapter 5 Documentation
Change to Headline, choose Separators only and set Row Height of 9,00.

Select Grand Total as well, and set the same as for the Headline.
Rename the top headers to Composite and Volume.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

220

Chapter 5 Documentation
As a result we have a well organized list of the quantities of each type of concrete, the composite
it belongs to and the story where it should be transported to.

To demonstrate the true power of BIM in ArchiCAD, lets scroll down to the end of the list to see
the grand total value.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

221

Chapter 5 Documentation
Thanks to the uniquely handled Building Material Priorities and the automatic Priority-Based
Connections on all details of the model, ArchiCAD is ahead of its competitors regarding speed of
the workflows, efficiency and precision. But how much is the extra precision we gained?
For a moment, let's disable priorities and automatic junctions and turn our project back to what
other BIM softwares can provide. Open Options/Project Preferences/Legacy.... Check the Use
legacy intersection and Surface methods for model elements checkbox and click OK.

The project will be reverted to a state where there are no automatic junctions created and the
schedules will also be updated - this process takes a few seconds.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

222

Chapter 5 Documentation
Once the results are displayed we can clearly see the increment - the amount we have reduced
the quantities with by appr. 3% just by choosing the right software. This saving equals with more
than 30 large concrete mixer trucks.

Turn off Legacy mode to display the precise values again.


Note: Legacy mode makes migration to a newer version of ArchiCAD smoother. When
opening a file that was made in an earlier version, ArchiCAD will show the exact same
display (like the junctions above) as earlier thanks to the Legacy mode, allowing the
user to change manually to the current conditions. Naturally, new projects do not use
Legacy mode by default.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

223

Chapter 6 - Visualization

Chapter 6 - Visualization
Lets open the Office building_6.pln file from the ArchiCAD_Training_Series_4\Demo
files\Startup files folder or continue the project that you completed in Chapter 5.

Adding Environment
Before creating the renderings quickly lets add the environment to our building. Since this phase
is the construction documentation the terrain has already been used in the early phases when
the building was designed. To avoid a floating building in our visualizations however, we can
import the terrain from surveyors data.
Go to 0. Ground Floor and select Design/Place Mesh from Surveyors Data.... Browse the
Surveyors_Data.txt file. This file contains coordinates of surveyed spots of the terrain only,
which is a widely used standard. Select the file and click Open, choose Original location
placement and click OK.

The Mesh is placed immediately. Open its settings and turn off its Cover Fills in the Floor Plan
and Section panel.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

224

Chapter 6 - Visualization
Later we can decide whether we want to include the terrain in the documentation as well or not.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

225

Chapter 6 - Visualization

Cameras
Weve already explored axonometric and perspective representations of the building in the 3D
window. These views are created with OpenGL technology, capable of showing simple textures,
vectorial cast shadows of the sun and making transparent objects disappear.
If we want to see a more realistic view of the building with ray-traced transparency and
reflectance effects or soft shadows or perhaps show the project as a hand-made sketch, well
have to create these images separately using the built-in CineRender engine of ArchiCAD.
Go back to the floor plan 1. Story. Lets double-click on the Camera tool in the Toolbox to open
the Camera Settings palette.
Were going to view the building from the ground, so the camera stays at the 1700 eye-level. Set
the height of the target point to 45000. Click Apply.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

226

Chapter 6 - Visualization
We need two clicks to place the Camera on the floor plan. First we place the camera itself, then
the target point. Close the Camera Settings palette.

As soon as the camera is placed, a new model view is created in the Project Map under 3D/00
Untitled Path.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

227

Chapter 6 - Visualization
Double-click on the Camera 1 to get to that view.

It seems we are too close. One way to fix this is to go back to the floor plan
and move the camera (Move sub-element command on the Pet palette)
or the target point. Sun direction can also be changed by clicking on the
Sun object of the camera and moving it.
Try changing the View Cone angle in the Camera Settings, so that the building fits into the 3D
window.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

228

Chapter 6 - Visualization
Another convenient solution is to Orbit and Explore in 3D view. When the perfect position and
view is found, right-click on the Camera 1 view in the Project Map and select Modify this
Camera to Current view from the context menu. This will overwrite the settings of the camera.

Note: Cameras save the view of 3D window. If the camera position is changed on
the floor plan, modifications are automatically stored. Changing the position of the
camera in the 3D window requires the Modify this Camera to Current view
command to overwrite previously saved camera position settings.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

229

Chapter 6 - Visualization
Right-click in the 3D window and open 3D Window Settings.... Turn off contours and click OK.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

230

Chapter 6 - Visualization
These 3D window settings are not stored with the camera as they are not position related, only in
the Views (created in the Navigator - View Map).

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

231

Chapter 6 - Visualization

Rendering Settings
Select Document/Creative Imaging/PhotoRendering Settings from the menu.
Select the CineRender by MAXON engine at the top. This engine will provide the most photorealistic results. Change to the size tab and specify 640 x 480 Screen resolution.

Go back to Settings and make sure Outdoor Daylight Medium scene is selected, uncheck
Detailed Settings checkbox if it was checked and set HDRI Sky and select Overcast GS.hdr
using the image browser (Libraries/ArchiCAD 18/HDRI Images 18/HighRes Luminance). Note
that the rendering scene changed to Custom.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

232

Chapter 6 - Visualization
Hit Render.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

233

Chapter 6 - Visualization

Create Fly-Through
Now go to 0. Ground Floor and place a second camera to the opposite side of the building.
Together with the first camera they make up a Path. The handles on both sides of the cameras can
be moved to change the path shape.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

234

Chapter 6 - Visualization
Right-click on the path in the Navigator and choose Path.... Select Everything at Display
Options and set In-between frames to 100 below Motion Resolution settings.

Click OK, the floor plan shows now all frames and their orientation. Now select the cameras oneby-one and use the handles to create a path around the building.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

235

Chapter 6 - Visualization
Open Camera 2 in the Navigator and move the view so you can see the roof terrace. Save the
camera position with Modify this Camera to Current view.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

236

Chapter 6 - Visualization
Return to the rendering settings. Check Detailed Settings and go to Environment/HDRI Sky/
Rotation. Set Rotate Around X Axis to -20 degrees.

Select Document/Creative Imaging/Create Fly-Through... from the menu.


The Fly-Through settings offer various options, for quicker animations you can choose 3D
Window as source. In this case an image is going to be generated as a movie frame in each
position that is shown in the floor plan view of the path. Set Frame rate to 15, this indicates the
number of images per second.
A movie using the 3D window as source needs a few minutes to be created, but to make more
spectacular fly-throughs from the photorendering window, approximately a minute of rendering
per image is necessary. Try creating animations or check the training project folder for a final flythrough video.
Finally, we would like to hide cameras on the floor plan. Select the path in the Navigator, rightclick and open Path Options. Set Display Options to None. Click OK. Close the PhotoRendering
Settings and the Camera Settings palettes.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

237

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


Creating View Sets
Lets continue with the Office building_7.pln file from the ArchiCAD_Training_Series_4\Demo
files\Startup files folder or continue the project that you completed in Chapter 6.
So far we have already worked with the project structure (stories, sections, elevations) in the
Project Map of the Navigator. Now its time to transform the different model views into proper
documentation.
A document view is distinguished from a general model view by a certain layer combination, a
drawing scale as well as the Model View Options that define how certain elements should be
represented in that document.
These are the settings that we created along with our template, so now we only have to choose
the proper settings for each type of view.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

238

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


Lets browse first the views we have already, change to the View Map in the Navigator.

Thanks to the smart Cloning Folders feature, all the stories, sections and elevations that we
created since the beginning of the project have been cloned automatically into the View Map
folders (except in folders where views were placed manually, like the Schematic Design folder).
Clicking around however we can see that all these views have the exact same settings - the
defaults of ArchiCAD. The Properties panel of the Navigator shows that they have the 02 Drafting
layer combination and the 03 Building Plans model view options selected in a 1:100 scale.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

239

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


Lets start applying the settings in the Navigator, unfold the Schematic Design, Design
Development, Construction Documentation and STRUCTURAL folders.
Open the floor plan in the Schematic Design folder, select it and click Settings... in the
Properties panel, the View Settings dialog will appear. Change the Layer Combination to
@Schematic. Do the same with Pen Set and Model View Options. Finally, change Zooming to
Fit in window. Click OK to close the settings and to see the results of the modifications.

Now select the Stories, Sections and Elevations folders of the Design Development folder and
open the Settings. Change Layer Combination to 04 Plans - Approval and Zooming as earlier
and leave other settings unchanged.
Clicking around the floor plans we can see that the plans have different zoom factors everytime
they open and fit in the actual window. Lets open 1. Story since this contains most of the
information we added.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

240

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


Once the view fits, select all 23 stories within the Stories folder (not the folder itself!) in Design
Development and open their settings. Change Zooming to Current Zoom. Click OK to close the
dialog and click around the stories - zooming will be the same for all views from now.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

241

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


Continue with modifying the view settings of the Construction Documentation folders. Select
Stories, Sections, Elevations and open their settings. Change Layer Combination to 05 Plans Detailed, Model View Options and Pen Set to @Construction and change scale to 1:50. Do the
same with Zooming as before, Fit in Window first so that sections and elevations look OK. Then
go to 1. Story and apply Current Zoom to the selection of 23 stories as before.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

242

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


As a last step, select the Stories and Sections folders of STRUCTURAL without opening any of
the stories and set 07 Plans - Structural layer combination and @Structural model view option.
Set Structure Display to Core of Load-Bearing Elements Only. Set Fit in Window as well, the
same way as before. When done select the stories again and apply Current Zoom.

Quickly browse through the View Map in the Navigator to see how the document views are
different from the model views weve been using up to now. The easiest way to compare the
views is to open the 1. Story floor plan in each folder.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

243

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


The difference is very significant in some cases. Note how colors, model display, element visibility
and the level of detail (openings, elevator) changes.

We have successfully created many different views of the same model, this way ensuring that all
content is kept within one project file. Using a properly set template has made the creation
process very fast and effective.
Now that the model and the schedules are completed, its time to think about how to put the
drawings on paper. Weve already created floor plans, sections, elevations and detail documents,
now lets add the schedule model views. Open the Organizer and show the Project Map on one
side, the View Map on the other.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

244

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


Drag-and-drop the Schedules and the Project Indexes folders from the Project Map into the
View Map.

Close the Organizer. Now that our model and view sets are finished, let's hand over the model to
our documentation team to create the layout book and make our project ready for publishing.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

245

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing

The Layout Book - Separating the Model and


Documentation
The documentation team will take care of the tasks that involve the Layout Book and the
Publisher, and choose how the different drawings will be put together onto layout sheets.
The Publisher is basically a batch file output and printing hub. We can set up contacts and the
rules for which contacts will receive which kind of data. These sets are stored in the Publisher and
every time data needs to be output the most up-to-date versions can be sent.
Depending on the project sharing policy of the office, they have two options to continue with:

they can continue assembling the layout book within the same project file, or

in case of large projects they might want to separate the model from the documentation.

The latter is an advantageous choice in case of projects that have hundreds of layouts in the
Layout Book, since layouts can significantly increase the file size and memory usage, slow down
the computer and eventually effect productivity. Our project is not that large, but for the sake of
this training lets continue with this second option.

Publishing from the Model


Before saving a documentation file for creating layouts, lets see some examples for the
publishing issues which are closely connected to the model file therefore can only be handled in
the original file and not through a referenced layout system.
We are in the design development phase of the project and we want to share the model data
with one of our consultants. For example our imaginary structural engineer uses another BIM
software, so well provide the data in the open IFC file format. Since IFC is a geometry
representation and not an ordinary publishing format, layouts cannot be published as IFC,
instead we have to save them directly from the model views. Now lets see how this works.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

246

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


Open the Organizer and show the View Map and the Publisher. Open the Structural publisher
set and select the STRUCTURAL subset. Delete it.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

247

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


Select the STRUCTURAL folder in the View Map and drag it to the Structural Publisher Set.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

248

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


Now select the Stories folder within STRUCTURAL and change the file format to IFC 2x3 in the
rolldown list of the Format panel.

All modified views of the set are saved as IFC files after clicking the Publish button at the bottom.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

249

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


Another strictly model-related publishing method is BIMx, which is a perfect form to present your
project to the client. So lets provide our client with an interactive BIMx model now.
Note: By selecting the Client publisher set and right-clicking on it you can open
Publishing Properties. Choose Create single file and the BIMx publishing
becomes available. This way you can publish the layouts and model into a BIMx
Docs package - the whole documentation in the context of the 3D model.
To save a simple BIMx file lets open the 3D window. Since we have been working with different
views for some time, the default visibility settings may have changed, so open the Layer Settings
and change to 02 Drafting layer combination.
Choose File/Save as... and choose BIMx format. BIMx will open as soon as the file is saved.

Now it is time to separate the model and the documentation by creating the Layout Book in a
dedicated documentation file.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

250

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing

Separating the Model and Documentation


Lets save our work with File/Save and start a new file by clicking File/New/New.... Choose the
template we created and click New. This project will be completely empty.
In order to separate the documentation from the model we will use the previously created
project file as a reference only and load its views into the current file, so the Layout Book will be
created in a different file not making the modeling file unnecessarily heavy and slow.
Lets browse for the modeling file to link it to the new file. Open the Project Chooser at the top
left corner of the Organizer and click Browse Project....

Locate the previously saved file and click Open. The linked content opens automatically with the
View Map activated.
Note: Browsing the model file from the Navigator will not appear in the Organizer
automatically and has to be browsed independently.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

251

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


The Project Map is disabled, which means we can not create additional new views in the
documentation file, only arrange the existing ones onto the layouts.

Now that the structure is ready for importing the views, lets drag the following views into the
Layout Book (from/to the corresponding folders). Note that while generating the drawings in the
new file, the model file opens in another instance of ArchiCAD prompting about the export
process with a palette.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

252

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


Schematic Design:

1. Story

Design Development:

Stories: -1. Story, 0. Ground Floor, 1. Story, 21. Story

Sections: all views

Elevations: all views

Construction Documents:

Stories: -1. Story, 0. Ground Floor, 1. Story, 21. Story

Sections: all views

Elevations: all views

STRUCTURAL:

Stories: -1. Story, 0. Ground Floor, 1. Story, 21. Story

Sections: all views

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

253

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

254

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


Open the layouts one-by-one. The placed drawings do not fit the assigned paper sizes so lets
change the master layouts.
Lets drop the master layouts onto the layouts to define the correct paper size.

Select the A0 Portrait master layout and drop it on the ARCHITECTURAL and STRUCTURAL
folders. This way all sections and elevations will fit.
Now select A0 Landscape and drop it on folders that contain stories:

AA_ Schematic Design

AA_DD_100_A0 Stories

AA_CD_100_A0 Stories

ST_100_A0 Stories

Check the result by clicking the layouts, the actual master layout is displayed in the Properties
panel.
Open the AA_CD_100_A0.2 1.Story layout. This drawing still does not fit, so lets change its
scale. Selecting the actual view in the View Map however we can see that its settings are disabled.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

255

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


This is because the documentation is separated from the model.

Any model- or view-related task can be made in the model file only, so lets change to the other
ArchiCAD that opened during the drawing export and open the linked file there.
Change to the View Map and select the Stories, Sections and Elevations of the Construction
Documents views and open their settings.

Change scale to 1:100, click OK and save the file with File/Save.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

256

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


Returning to our documentation file, the affected drawings will be updated automatically, so
we only have to arrange them to a proper position.
Select the drawing on the layout and open its settings by pressing Ctrl/Cmd+T. Select Fit frame
to drawing on the Frame panel and close the settings.

Lets change to the 1. Story of Design Development and arrange it similarly. We will add
external drawings to this layout.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

257

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing

Place External Drawings


The documentation team is also responsible for coordinating documents of other collaborators,
so we will place a drawing in DWG format as an external reference to this layout.
Activate the Drawing tool and click on the layout. The Place Drawing dialog appears. We could
add any internal views here as well, but lets select an external source for now and click Browse...
and find the Furniture Layout_1.dwg.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

258

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


Keep the drawing unit as 1 millimeter, since the furniture layout drawing was created with the
same modelling unit preferences as the rest of the model and click Place.
Apparently, nothing happened, but if we apply Fit in window we can see that the drawing has
been placed, but it is huge compared to the layout despite we used correct drawing units when
placing it.
The size difference is because we are on the layout which is visible in a 1:100 scale and the units
refer to the layout environment, not the model. Placing the same drawing into a view from the
View Map would have fit well, since views represent the model environment, not the layout. Lets
fix the scaling by selecting the new drawing and opening its settings.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

259

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


Change Drawing Scale to 1:100 on the Properties panel and No Title on the Title panel.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

260

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


Move the furniture layout to its final position with the help of the A1 grid marker of the drawing.

To monitor the status of all drawings (internal, linked and external) open the Drawing Manager
by using the Project Chooser.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

261

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


We can check the status of the placed drawings, modify their update type, re-establish, repair or
change their link.
Select Furniture Layout_1.dwg, right-click on it and choose Link Drawing to... and link
Furniture Layout_2.dwg.

Position the drawing after linking.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

262

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing

Publishing from the Documentation File


Having our documents on paper is of course not the end of our work. We have to collaborate with
the HVAC engineers, submit plans to the municipality or provide data for the contractors. This
requires an enormous and regular data flow that can happen through the Internet as well as on
paper. In addition, different parts of the documentation have to be provided in different file
formats. To speed up this data exchange, we use the Publisher.
Lets see the Organizer to set up a few examples. Choose the active project in the Project
Chooser to enable the Publisher.

Select the Layout Book on the left side and Publisher on the right side. Use the arrow on the
right to go one level up and see all existing publisher sets.
Data can be published in several ways from the Publisher. By clicking on the Publishing
Properties button, we can select one in the upcoming dialog.
We either print, plot documents, save files (to our hard disk or to a computer we are connected
to) or upload a BIMx Hyper-model.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

263

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


As our first example, select Save files. Specify a path and click OK.

Browsing through the publisher sets we can see that we do not have to define which documents
to publish, only their format thanks to our template. Currently all sets have PDF set as a default.
Open the Contractor publisher set.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

264

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


The Layout Book hierarchy appears in the Publisher Sets, too. Keep PDF for the contractors as a
publishing format.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

265

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


Open the MEP publisher sets and select the topmost items. Change the format to DWG in the
bottom so we can provide ordinary 2D drawings to our HVAC engineers. Click Publish in the
bottom to create the drawings.

This way, whenever the model changes the updated documentation sets can be published with a
single click to all project participants in their preset file formats.

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

266

Chapter 7 - The Layout Book and Publishing


Congratulations!
You have successfully completed this Training Guide! We hope that you have learnt many new
and exciting things about the possibilities of BIM and understood how ArchiCAD supports the
architectural design workflow. Please check the other volumes of this training series for more
details about ArchiCAD.
Should you have any questions regarding ArchiCAD or other GRAPHISOFT products please visit
ArchiCADwiki, our online knowledge base: http://helpcenter.graphisoft.com.
Please feel free to contact GRAPHISOFT and its worldwide partners with further questions at
www.graphisoft.com.
We look forward to seeing you in the ArchiCAD user community.
The GRAPHISOFT Team

ArchiCAD Training Series Vol. 4

267