1 views

Uploaded by venkateshyadav2116

Momentum And Impulse 3

- PC1431 Assignment 4 Answers
- Hibb 11e Dynamics Lecture Section 15-01 r
- Coefficient of Restitution
- 3.5- Forces Movement Shape and Momentum 2p - Edexcel Igcse Physics Qp
- UT Dallas Syllabus for phys2325.001.08f taught by Mustapha Ishak-boushaki (mxi054000)
- GCSE Sciences Final Updated
- Chapter2 Module
- Physics Yearly Lesson Plan f4
- UT Dallas Syllabus for phys2325.501.10s taught by Mustapha Ishak-boushaki (mxi054000)
- stab vest article
- question on dimension.docx
- AER318 Outline F11
- 2nd grade pbl
- Physics 71
- Sample Questions
- Momentum Problems
- 5P Equilibrium of Particles Problems(1)
- Part 2 e202 Conservation of Momentum Final
- e202 Conservation of Momentum Final Part 2
- impulse lab

You are on page 1of 22

force on an object is not constant.

DEFINITION OF IMPULSE

The impulse of a force is the product of the average

force and the time interval during which the force acts:

r r

J = F !t

Impulse is a vector quantity and has the same direction

as the average force.

newton ! seconds (N ! s)

r r

J = F !t

The linear momentum of an object is the product

of the objects mass times its velocity:

r

r

p = mv

Linear momentum is a vector quantity and has the same

direction as the velocity.

r r

r vf " vo

a=

!t

r

r

! F = ma

# F = !t

r

r

r

# F "t = mv f ! mv o

( )

IMPULSE-MOMENTUM THEOREM

When a net force acts on an object, the impulse of

this force is equal to the change in the momentum

of the object

impulse

r

r

r

# F "t = mv f ! mv o

( )

final momentum

initial momentum

0.14 kg is pitched at a batter with an initial velocity of

-38 m/s (negative is towards the bat). The bat applies an

average force that is much greater than the weight of the

ball, and the ball departs from the bat with a final velocity

of +58 m/s. Assuming that the time of contact with the bat

is 1.6 x 10-3 s, find the average force exerted on the ball

by the bat.

r

r

r

J = F "t = mv f ! mv o

= (0.14)(58) - (0.14)(-38) = +13.4 kg m/s

_

F = J/t

= (13.4)/(1.6 x 10-3) = +8400 N

Rain comes down with a velocity of -15 m/s and hits the

roof of a car. The mass of rain per second that strikes

the roof of the car is 0.060 kg/s. Assuming that rain comes

to rest upon striking the car, find the average force

exerted by the rain on the roof.

r

r

r

# F "t = mv f ! mv o

( )

the raindrops, the net force

on a raindrop is simply the

force on the raindrop due to

the roof.

r

r

r

F "t = mv f ! mv o

r

& m #r

F = ($ ! v o

% 't "

r

F = !(0.060 kg s )(! 15 m s ) = +0.90 N

Instead of rain, suppose hail is falling. Unlike rain, hail usually

bounces off the roof of the car.

If hail fell instead of rain, would the force be smaller than, equal

to, or greater than that calculated in the previous Example?

between two objects..

objects.

Internal forces Forces that objects within

the system exert on each other.

by agents external to the system.

r

r

r

# F "t = mv f ! mv o

( )

OBJECT 1

r

r

r

r

W1 + F12 "t = m1 v f 1 ! m1 v o1

External

forces

(gravity)

Internal

forces

OBJECT 2

r

r

r

r

W2 + F21 "t = m2 v f 2 ! m2 v o 2

r

r

r

r

W1 + F12 "t = m1 v f 1 ! m1 v o1

r

r

r

r

W2 + F21 "t = m2 v f 2 ! m2 v o 2

r

r

r

r

r

r

r

r

W1 + W2 + F12 + F21 "t = (m1 v f 1 + m2 v f 2 )! (m1 v o1 + m2 v o 2 )

r

r

F12 = ! F21

Internal forces cancel

from Newtons 3rd law

r

Pf

Total final

momentum

r

Po

Total initial

momentum

r

r

r r

W1 + W2 "t = Pf ! Po

r r

(sum of average external forces)"t = Pf ! Po

r r

(sum of average external forces)"t = Pf ! Po

If the sum of the external forces is zero, then

r r

0 = Pf ! Po

r

r

Pf = Po

The total linear momentum of an isolated system is constant

(conserved). An isolated system is one for which the sum of

the average external forces acting on the system is zero.

Imagine two balls colliding on a billiard

table that is friction-free. Use the momentum

conservation principle in answering the

following questions. (a) Is the total momentum

of the two-ball system the same before

and after the collision? (b) Answer

part (a) for a system that contains only

one of the two colliding

balls.

PRINCIPLE OF CONSERVATION OF LINEAR MOMENTUM

The total linear momentum of an isolated system is constant

(conserved). An isolated system is one for which the sum of

the average external forces acting on the system is zero.

system is zero.

system is not zero.

1. Decide which objects are included in the system.

2. Relative to the system, identify the internal and external forces.

3. Verify that the system is isolated.

4. Set the final momentum of the system equal to its initial momentum.

Remember that momentum is a vector.

Starting from rest, two skaters

push off against each other on

ice where friction is negligible.

One is a 54-kg woman and

one is a 88-kg man. The woman

moves away with a speed of

+2.5 m/s. Find the recoil velocity

of the man.

r

r

Pf = Po

m1v f 1 + m2 v f 2 = 0

vf 2 = !

vf 2

m1v f 1

m2

(

54 kg )(+ 2.5 m s )

=!

= !1.5 m s

88 kg

- PC1431 Assignment 4 AnswersUploaded byMikael Lee
- Hibb 11e Dynamics Lecture Section 15-01 rUploaded byNikkei Pfeiffer Tadili
- Coefficient of RestitutionUploaded byDivina Mercedes Fernando
- 3.5- Forces Movement Shape and Momentum 2p - Edexcel Igcse Physics QpUploaded bybasma
- UT Dallas Syllabus for phys2325.001.08f taught by Mustapha Ishak-boushaki (mxi054000)Uploaded byUT Dallas Provost's Technology Group
- GCSE Sciences Final UpdatedUploaded byPeter Hulme
- Chapter2 ModuleUploaded byPauling Chia
- Physics Yearly Lesson Plan f4Uploaded byRubiah Basri
- UT Dallas Syllabus for phys2325.501.10s taught by Mustapha Ishak-boushaki (mxi054000)Uploaded byUT Dallas Provost's Technology Group
- stab vest articleUploaded byabcd01in
- question on dimension.docxUploaded byMantu Das
- AER318 Outline F11Uploaded bymeetshah1991
- 2nd grade pblUploaded byapi-245618900
- Physics 71Uploaded bynik-ko
- Sample QuestionsUploaded bymkpsrtm
- Momentum ProblemsUploaded byBeverly Moguel
- 5P Equilibrium of Particles Problems(1)Uploaded byjmezap
- Part 2 e202 Conservation of Momentum FinalUploaded byAaron Marquez
- e202 Conservation of Momentum Final Part 2Uploaded byAaron Marquez
- impulse labUploaded byapi-390293407
- D June 2014 (R)Uploaded byVraj Patel
- The DeBroglie EquationUploaded bypolitis1995
- 130150119001_2151903.pptUploaded byHitesh Gahlawat
- Seminar 2003Uploaded byarbit139
- 2010JunMSUploaded byiabdi1
- EAMCET 2015 Agriculture & MedicalUploaded byNeepur Garg
- paper 8 AAUploaded byMayank Singh
- agenda_05_06_b1_b2Uploaded byspreemouse
- agenda_05_06_b1_b2Uploaded byspreemouse
- forces and frictionUploaded byapi-256940037

- jominy hardness tessUploaded byIqbal Bashiru
- CATIA V5 LecturesUploaded byLokesh Dahiya
- Training ProcessUploaded byvenkateshyadav2116
- STAGE 1for CollegesUploaded byvenkateshyadav2116
- Suspension System in AutomobilesUploaded byAjay Singh Bhadoria
- Mech 203 Term ProjectUploaded byYugi Supriatna
- CAD 2D ContentUploaded byvenkateshyadav2116
- Assembly DrawingsUploaded byvenkateshyadav2116
- JNTU B.tech 3-2 MECH Syllabus BookUploaded byvenkateshyadav2116
- Mms Venky IntroductionUploaded byvenkateshyadav2116
- Em Course File NewUploaded byvenkateshyadav2116
- Section 1 Momentum & Impulse -Phpapp01Uploaded byvenkateshyadav2116
- Phys111_lecture08Uploaded byvenkateshyadav2116
- Impulse Momentum Check ItUploaded byvenkateshyadav2116
- chapter-7-powerpoint-1225339266570076-9Uploaded byvenkateshyadav2116
- Chapter 7Uploaded byvenkateshyadav2116
- Chapter 6 Momentum & Collisions Nice Check ItUploaded byvenkateshyadav2116
- Momentum, Impulse and CollisionUploaded byBen Tenedero
- Academic Physics Chapter 5 Work EnergyUploaded byvenkateshyadav2116
- HP_05_winUploaded byjlvmrbd777
- Important Question for Automobile EnggUploaded byvenkateshyadav2116
- DomUploaded byvenkateshyadav2116
- Tyre Notes AeUploaded byvenkateshyadav2116
- Ssp 020 Common_RailUploaded byvenkateshyadav2116
- BrakesUploaded byrautrajeshv
- Friction Clutches Mmc1 April 20 2011Uploaded byvenkateshyadav2116
- CSD 8 Automotive Brake Systems BasicsUploaded byVijay Hassan Krishnappa
- Brake System FundamentalsUploaded bysrinathankl
- Automobile EngineeringUploaded byvenkateshyadav2116

- Bt152 SeriesUploaded byHervan Saputra
- Doc 1, Petition to COMELECUploaded byMCamello
- Idem Sonans and Dominancy&Holistic TestUploaded byGeewee Vera Flores
- Angular MomentumUploaded byMiguel Angel Cerón Cerón
- Ricafort v. Dicdican (2016)Uploaded byEdKristopherViernes
- Insurance DigestUploaded byCyrus Santos Mendoza
- Case3_Lorenzo vs PosadasUploaded byVictor Lim
- NOOL vs CA.docxUploaded byAnonymous GMUQYq8
- Baron de MontesquieuUploaded byAndrew Gonzalez
- The Barbary TreatiesUploaded byDemond Bey
- 68. Ramirez v. Corpuz-MacandogUploaded byida_chua8023
- Republic v Heirs of TiotioenUploaded byGel Tolentino
- Civil Law Review 2 Case DigestUploaded byyaniegg
- Tax Booklet as of 10 November 2016Uploaded byTrixy Comia
- 48. Padua v. RanadaUploaded byRuby Santillana
- RA 9287Uploaded byElnathan Lim
- Blue and Black: Stories of Policing and ViolenceUploaded byRachel Marie-Crane Williams
- Sample Delinquency LetterUploaded bysamuel
- Ang Ladlad v ComelecUploaded byeeeee1191
- 8. Rubrico v. Macapagal-ArroyoUploaded byDanika S. Santos
- Case DigestsUploaded byDiannee Romano
- Wwwwhzkabajzj.docxUploaded byBayba Tupue
- 35. Mercado vs. Allied Banking Corporation - Case DigestUploaded bymansikiabo
- Illegal guide books_edited.docUploaded byIqbal Mahmud Rana
- Conceptual Physics Study GuideUploaded byStudentHelpWW
- Request for live TV coverage Estrada.docxUploaded byptbattung
- 11-01-12 EditionUploaded bySan Mateo Daily Journal
- MonthlyUploaded byRina Ramoso
- mcs auditUploaded byVaibhav Banjan
- ACLPI New Executive Director Release FINALUploaded byAndy Gaona