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Linear & Switching Voltage Regulator Applications Information

In Brief

In most electronic systems, voltage regulation is required for various functions. Today’s complex electronic systems are requiring greater regulating performance, higher efficiency and lower parts count. Present integrated circuit and power package technology has produced IC voltage regulators which can ease the task of regulated power supply design, provide the performance required and remain cost effective. Available in a growing variety, Motorola offers a wide range of regulator products from fixed and adjustable voltage types to special–function and switching regulator control ICs. This handbook describes Motorola’s voltage regulator products and provides information on applying these products. Basic Linear regulator theory and switching regulator topologies have been included along with practical design examples. Other relevant topics include trade–offs of Linear versus switching regulators, series pass elements for Linear regulators, switching regulator component design considerations, heatsinking, construction and layout, power supply supervision and protection, and reliability.

 

Page

Basic Linear Regulator Theory

 

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3–820

Selecting a Linear IC Voltage Regulator

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3–829

Linear Regulator Circuit Configuration

 

and Design Considerations

 

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3–832

Series Pass Element Considerations for Linear Regulators

 

3–843

Linear Regulator Construction and Layout

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3–851

Linear Regulator

Design Example

 

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3–873

Linear Regulator Circuit Troubleshooting

 

Check List

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3–876

Designing the Input Supply

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3–877

An Introduction to Switching

 

Power Supplies

 

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3–883

Switching

Regulator

Topologies

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3–888

Switching Regulator Component

 

Design Tips

 

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3–896

Basic Switching Power Supply

 

Configurations

 

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3–900

Switching Regulator

Design

Examples

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3–908

Power Supply Supervisory and

 

Protection Considerations

 

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3–909

Heatsinking

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3–917

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

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Section

1.

Basic Linear Regulator

Theory

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3–820

IC Voltage Regulator

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Error Amplifier

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Voltage Reference

The

The

. . . Regulator” Approach

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3–820

3–820

3–824

3–827

Section

2.

Selecting a Linear IC Voltage Regulator

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3–829

Selecting the Type of Regulator

. Positive versus Negative Regulators

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3–829

3–829

Three–Terminal, Fixed Output Regulators

3–829

Three–Terminal, Adjustable Output

Regulators

 

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3–831

Selecting an IC Regulator

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3–831

Section

3.

Linear Regulator Circuit Configuration and Design

Considerations

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3–832

Positive, Adjustable Regulator

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3–832

Negative, Adjustable Regulator

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3–836

Positive, Fixed Output Regulator

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3–836

Negative, Fixed

Output Regulator

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3–839

General Design

Considerations

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3–841

Section

4.

Series Pass Element Considerations

for

Linear Regulators

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3–843

Series

Pass

Element

Configurations

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3–843

Series

Pass

Element

Specifications

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3–844

Current Limiting Techniques

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3–845

Constant Current Limiting

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3–845

Foldback Current Limiting

Paralleling Series Pass Elements

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3–848

3–850

Section

5.

Linear Regulator Construction and Layout

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3–851

General Layout and Component Placement Considerations

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3–851

Ground Loops and Remote Voltage Sensing

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3–851

Mounting Considerations for Power

Insulation Considerations

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Semiconductors

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3–853

3–857

. Fastener and Hardware Characteristics

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3–861

Thermal System Evaluation

Appendix

Appendix

A:

B:

. Thermal Resistance Concepts

. Measurement of Interface Thermal

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Resistance

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3–869

3–870

3–871

Section

6.

Linear Regulator Design Example

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3–873

IC Regulator Selection

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3–873

Circuit Configuration

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