15 views

Uploaded by onyxabcissa1988

- CIGRE+IEEE+Tutorial+2012+Part+3+TLF Dufournet+&+Janssen
- Current Electricity
- Juego de Piezas de Repuesto ATV 61_71
- Tarea 4
- Make the Circuit
- select 2
- Carlos Benitez - Abstracts and Redraws
- CPRI
- MSE10
- ECE_GATE_2012_Ques+Ans
- Capacitors
- Emf
- G-Cakna Kelantan 2015_Physics Term 2_Module 2
- 287 User Manual
- Technical Data for DRA635-416 (6% Cap_ 440V) Rev_00[1]
- A 10 Resistor
- datasheet_59-89252-0_en_120V_60Hz.pdf
- Estadry D-type Db
- LM7805
- Consumer Electronics Summary

You are on page 1of 10

To introduce the concepts of electric work, electric potential

and voltage, and to show how these are related to the electric

field for some simple electronic devices.

• understand fully the concepts of electric work, voltage and

electric potential

• be able to find E in terms of the voltage across a charged

parallel plate capacitor and a semiconductor resistor

4.1 Electrical work W and potential energy U

Total work done is

xB

WBA = ∫ qE dx = qE (x B − x A )

xA

Semiconductors & EM Theory 2 Lecture 4

By the principle of energy conservation, this equals the

change of potential energy U

WBA = U B − U A = qE (x B − x A ) (4.1)

defined to be

WBA U B − U A

V BA = = = E (x B − x A )

q q

i.e. potential difference between to points is the work done in

moving a +1 C charge between them

4.3 E and V for a capacitor

V

V = E d , or equivalently E = (4.3)

d

4.4 Capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor

Q

E=

ε rε0 A

V Q Q ε r ε0 A

= → C= =

d ε rε0 A V d

capacitor; it’s S.I. unit is the Farad (F). C is a function only of

the geometry of the capacitor and of the relative permittivity

of the material filling the space between its plates.

4.5 The electric potential φ and its variation between the

plates of a charged capacitor

x x

φ ( x ) − φB = − ∫ E .d x = − E ∫ dx = − Ex

x =0 x =0

Therefore, φ (x ) = φ B − Ex (4.5)

minus the potential gradient, i.e.

dφ

E=− (4.6)

dx

4.6 E and V for a resistor

Semiconductors & EM Theory 7 Lecture 4

Within the semiconductor (whether pure or doped), the

overall electrical charge density is zero

dE ρ

= =0

dx ε r ε 0

This means that E is constant inside the semiconductor.

Since

dφ

E=−

dx

we see that φ (x ) varies linearly with distance x

V

• Within the semiconductor E =

L

4.5 Summary

terms:

• electrical work W

• potential energy U

• potential difference or voltage V

• electric potential φ

points inside a simple device such as a capacitor or a resistor,

and be able to relate the electric field magnitude E in the device

to the voltage V across it.

- CIGRE+IEEE+Tutorial+2012+Part+3+TLF Dufournet+&+JanssenUploaded bytwinvbooks
- Current ElectricityUploaded byExamville.com
- Juego de Piezas de Repuesto ATV 61_71Uploaded byHector Elviscocho Hernandez
- Tarea 4Uploaded byFelipe López Garduza
- Make the CircuitUploaded bynate_napalm
- select 2Uploaded bymohammadi123456
- Carlos Benitez - Abstracts and RedrawsUploaded byMihai Ceaus
- CPRIUploaded byRetin Rpk
- MSE10Uploaded bySarah Visco
- ECE_GATE_2012_Ques+AnsUploaded byshaswata7263
- CapacitorsUploaded byIdajet Projko
- EmfUploaded byNithyananthan Krishnan
- G-Cakna Kelantan 2015_Physics Term 2_Module 2Uploaded byannahiaz
- 287 User ManualUploaded bystrata202
- Technical Data for DRA635-416 (6% Cap_ 440V) Rev_00[1]Uploaded byMohammad Mahdi Bozorgzadeh
- A 10 ResistorUploaded byRajeev Rai
- datasheet_59-89252-0_en_120V_60Hz.pdfUploaded byadilo7780
- Estadry D-type DbUploaded bycharleselitb92
- LM7805Uploaded byRaj
- Consumer Electronics SummaryUploaded byMichael Angelo Mallari
- a031c8_ae51a3e9dff94c82b75ea4c376960db0Uploaded byShakil Khan
- lab 1Uploaded byFaaiz Qamar
- 31.CapacitorUploaded byAbhik Sarkar
- FisicaUploaded byCarlo
- Physics Paper IIIUploaded bytadepalli patanjali
- EMERSON ZR48KC-PFV Information SummaryUploaded byambuenaflor
- Tuoi Cay Tu DongUploaded bylamthanhdat1984
- SPX3819M5-L-3-3Uploaded byGaurab Dasgupta
- Fm MinitransmisorUploaded byYrvin Escorihuela
- Capacitorprotection.pptUploaded byRavikumar Kandukuri

- Blink LEDUploaded byonyxabcissa1988
- ASCII control characters.docxUploaded byonyxabcissa1988
- Book CoverUploaded byonyxabcissa1988
- MatLab tutorialUploaded byapi-3857351
- Semiconductors 2Uploaded byonyxabcissa1988
- Semiconductors 3Uploaded byonyxabcissa1988
- Bode PlotUploaded byAlexandro Andra Pizzaro
- LM7815Uploaded byjotagualbert2009
- list_sykt_zonUtaraUploaded byMini Jin
- TemplateUploaded byonyxabcissa1988
- 11. Polynomial 6.1Uploaded byonyxabcissa1988
- 10. Complex Numbers 5.2Uploaded byonyxabcissa1988
- Semiconductors 5Uploaded byonyxabcissa1988

- pldUploaded byAntonio Saba
- SMP_web_enUploaded byLaurent Derousseau
- RERL Fact Sheet 2a Capacity FactorUploaded byBalan Palaniappan
- Transformers & EM Conversion.pdfUploaded byAbraham Oseitutu
- varistor 56ZA2Uploaded byJuan Querevalu Dedios
- Phonic AM 440Uploaded byJordi Sala Delgado
- 61433218-10e5-4783-b478-13b8e7adb609Uploaded byGessi Serge
- Sanyo Hd60Uploaded bydanielradu27
- powerflex 4Uploaded byFabiano Trevisan
- US Army: 51-004-0204Uploaded byArmy
- mj1023-sm-v03Uploaded byvisual619
- abadi REPORTa.pptxUploaded byBelayneh Tadesse
- ARM Technical Symposium Developing Software for Multicore ARM SystemsUploaded byRaghu Guruvayurappan
- IN CIRCUIT EMULATORUploaded byJeeva Bharathi
- 8577835-Building an Electronic Signal TracerUploaded byLyckholm Sam
- 8562.RFID vs. Barcode_rev4.pptUploaded byLindaLindy
- 2sa1020Uploaded byvictor larco león
- c&i Project Final)Uploaded byGHANSHYAMKASHYAP
- A Brief History of the ComputerUploaded byAaqib Nazir
- alternadores de gran tamañoUploaded byJosé Antonio Curado Escoz
- Mos VaractorUploaded bysunil biradar
- Registration opens for Microchip's annual India MASTERs Conferences ASTERs ConferenceUploaded bydeepikaprhub
- SDR_ESSORUploaded byLee Marx
- G Mini Quick Start Guide R1 Web 144-25086Uploaded byAlejandro Hernández Flores
- qx5252Uploaded byRobert Cristobal
- Hemant Ppt Bjt Biasing h ParametersUploaded byHemant Saraswat
- Syn Mc Phasor Diagram-Part 1Uploaded byanoopingle9
- modrobs ProposalUploaded byParas Jain
- HUB for BUS Ststem Fr Rj45 Im rUploaded bysamit327m
- SensorUploaded byJair Sandoval