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En

Herbert Puchta

--i
\-1

Her 'bt

Combo IA Student's Book

Canrnnrncn
\IVIRS
L

ITY Pit

ESS

c0nents
Sco0e afld sequence

O
@

wehome

Culture n mid

Some
Check

Q
@

of rhe rutes

Photostoryr Too m,.r.:h homework

l2

our progress

l5

ffi
@

wt:tt:ittt:nw
Skills

nrlnd
tlnit check

Some
SkiLls

of

6
1

hB ruLes

in mind

t2

Unit check

rneeume

16

Culiure n mind

20

Hehing othen Deoote


Phorostor):Lers help

hi

out.

Check your proSress

)2
26

)9

rnee ume

14

Skills ln mid

't8

Unit check

19

Q retolns otler peopte


Sk

lls n mid

34

l6
Photostory: Not a n .e th ng to say

,10

Che.t yo!r proSress

43

Photostory Two scoops of ice cream

54

Check your progress

5f

Pn0nuncaG0n

PIojects
hPegulan

114

I8

vets

26

Sk lls in mind

30

t che.l

Haking+niends
Skills
Un

i mlnd

t chec[

48

50

24

wno's your her,o?


Un

44
CLrltLrre n n'rind

20
25

30

Culture n mind

t3

Success+ut peo0ts
SkiLls

in m nd

ll
32

36

)7

t8
4)

Unit che.k

13

ear+onUfe.
@ 5lllls

14

nC

1i

122

vocaDutary DanI
Gammar pefepeae

98
104

Greeiinssan

inrou.i

os,

.oloE

A.rrvqve.bs, plces me,. othes,

rhe'? is

the

dt

,oomi

/h/{!

money

.dn/.dn1

(ne]zr\e n

simpLe preset (a16rmat ve an


nesat ye quelt ns and sho.we6)

Present.1 nuous for a.t vii

Ho66ie!an nterers,s.hoo sbje.L

rrr

es

lrlr

S,nple prescntv: pre.ni.ntnuouj

rJ nd i.r.
;end n3;

5 rt rrrt.guLdra ,,e9Lr!.

iuP;.i;

1:.uni

a'1]

ad n.unt nouns

a/on, te

rges

ll4 172

P-onrn.

n on.

. '.:: ]\ (..

b5

!r.( 'lrll

P....L.

F\].F

an/ nuh 1

rer a ,rbr

dnY

n,. :!p,!! .i5

lpril !rr.'L:

ar::t1f,8 an ntrou.i8

Pe.PLe

ilkinBaboutyu. am lyndlrleids h.me

Cu

ture ln m n More than

a place o sLeeP

Des bin8yurre hous,"


r-Lk ng about how

ofieny.u

an

bro.hure we$ de P.oL


Pron.r, Ioo mu.h homeworl
RuLe!

a.ilviry;

,rhal yo.an an.nt do

D.s.r

ryrtou.iiyortwni.lothes

\51 ns about pri.esf cLothes


5i but not lean: pLann n3 a busles

:ll

about s.hooL suble.ts a robbies

nS

rt.fv

Ai fe,'eabout: r.b6!
Cultur in m rd: S.hooL ifc

n8 L kes and s lles


eu n3 be ng iniefeleued

:xDPs

r:Lkrngbout .t vn

!.r b

es ]Dppen ns

n.,

!. uiteer

Na bh, Afr.a

art.Le FeLP'n3t hsp taL


I ri.nory: Lei! heLp r m out.

roi Lean ran3 iSro meetn

iaLkiSabout ihe pst, when/wherrou were


auLture nin, Reme6ri3 reroes

ving

presentarr on your hero

,(ti.le f

i*

bur

n.r lr:the alib same

song: 'You v Got a

r_r

he frlenship

Pholostofy: Nt

adi.Ld W rat oei


Dr.r b

ialk

ns

ng

:Lk nBb.ut

r,e,

ng

wai io d when yu

loo and ny

nl.e

hinsi.

:u..r'

say

mean?

De{r pi on onfuiufejobr

job requimnts

ablral.byou

that.han8ed the

end

nB

foo i a.afeiera

:ast but nt Lea.t ta kin8 but fo

cultre in m nd:Teenage6 ear

money

Art .Le, A Lo8 an healthy Life


cram
Photorory: Two scooPs of
'.e

Daryentryrema :b.ut

tm
/

Grammar: possessive adjectives; the verb have;there s there orc;


prepositons of Place
Voiabulary: greetings and introductions; colors, rooms and furniture

Q *neao and tisten


G

reetings and introductions

Look at the pictures. what arethese people doint?


Read the diaLoBUe quickly to check your i'leas'

D Ef@l

Now read the dialoSue aEain and listen'


Then practicethe dialo6ue in troups ofthree

: Hll My anre

Llz

l3ck: HelLo Llz lm lack.


Liu: Nlce to meet yoLr. oh, h , Monica. How are yo!?
Monlca: l m ne, thanks Ho\"/ about yo!?

O . "n' "

,' '.'- d vo ''

lack, N .e to meet yolr

Look at the pictures oflack's friends on his web Pate' Where are they from?
Read the text quickly to check your ideas'

r.2

\-i/

B<

This is ry new friend Monica. I m gtad we


are friends. Shes from ltatv. Her fmitv is
in Rome- She tives here now. She s herc
for oe year. she chts wilh her famlty
ontine atL lhe Llmel

Thls is my friend Cartos. He's reattv cool.


He's from GuatemaLa. His famity is bigLhree brothers and one sisterl Their house
is ln lhe coulry- Guatemata 5 a grcai
ptace for adventure vcation. There are

volranoes, beaches, jungtes and Mvan


ruins. lwanL to visit him omedY.

These two friends re Barbar nd Ken.


Barbara and Ken are fror Canada, but iheir
parents are from d fferet ptces. Ken s
parenls are frorn ndla. Brbra s parenls
re fronr Potand They go io snre schoot.

They tive in ihe sme buiLd ng in Toronlo

party
My ontine friends are att relty grei- We wat io get together and have a

someday...bul in which country?

, EEE

\owreadthetextaSainandlisten.Markthestatementsl(true)orF(false)'

tr

3
a

Ken

sn

t from lndia

CarLo! and Brbara 8lr to the same s.hool.

n
n

cnamman nevew
1+.

Read

yolanda endez@eim.cup

Possessive adjeciives
the messaSe from Liz! e-pal,

Yolanda- Complete the sentences


,Nith my,your, his, her,our ot their-

yaqt

Thanksfortheema I

ike the phoios of

famiy. ':
What are

mom and dad look really nice i tlre pholo

names?

lhave iwo broihers. j

iamily here

Now 1'llte I you about me and

t'

Ame can

Canda

Canadran

Ch na

Chnese

Colombia

Colomban

Guatemala

Guatemalan

ndia

iriends and

Coombia.
and Eduardo and theyte 18 and 19

narnes are
I\4y

cabrel

mother s American and

s Christ ne Dad is Coomban. He's from Ca


name is Luis We live n Bogot.

andl

house has four bedrooms and a sma yard. We have a dog, and we
th nk he's rea y great.,
P ease write again soonl

Polish

*The

verb have

tr EEfi[
I
2

tr
@

Liste to the dialotue between

leff and Monica and aswer the questios.

How many brothers and slsters doslff have?


Now many brothers and sisters does Monlca have?

DIEfin

Liste arain and complete

Hair color

the table.

Eye

color

1q
Deb'ra

Follow the lines and say the sentences


with have/has and doesn't have.

Lis

brather daesn't have a computet

^ly

My brother

My triend s brother

My parents

Sidt father

Mv Lrt n.l Lrn. e

My grandfather

o&
@

enonunciation
> ([fIld106

Pronunciation

r
Q

vocabutarv

vhlle

418910
b

Work in a small troup. Find somethint in your classroom that is each color.
-i. flaar ls vr'hfe. The computets dre bldck The \dll s bra,,/n.

ii

tr
tr

Roclms and

Look

furniture

atthe pictures. Writethe

names

ofthe rooms (A-F).

Look at the pictures. Label the furniture. Use the words in the box.

bathtlb bed cab net chair do fr dge rlg


k shower Eofa stove table tollet w ndo,r

daar

CF
NTI

review
@ *cnamman
There / There are
s

Comptete the sen tences.lJse There's a/on ot There ore-

black table n the din ng room

two doors

....

our

LlvlnS

room

four white chairs in our kit.hn.

tr

three posters on the waLtin


red cha

ry

steis room.

Play a memory tame. Look at the picture for 30 seconds. close your book.
Then make sentences with There's ot There are.
There are

twa windaws.

@ *soear
Prepositions of place
l?l

Look at the picture atin and say where things are. Use the prepositions in ihe box.

Drair::::--.

UNIf

-!
-a:---Z

cuttune n mind

lp neao and tisten


_:: s ln your room? Check all the thinSs that are in your room'

.r

irl l

ll
/

a bed

a rus
a

aTV

window

E] Work with a partner. Look at the Photos. which room do yor'l like the most? why?
and listen. fhen check (/)the correct names in the 'hart'
E Deffi Read the text
- lont"tim". mor" than one answer is Possible'
I vra

, !r1tr1-!!I9ry!rrq--lz

a,1.._t\4r

Z r,"'"p!:!tq!ylSt,.
v,
r ryilse!'"erigllgf,"gm j-r
l

4 !r"sjl9lpyl"l. 'n

-l

More than e plece tm sleeP

Vera
l4y room is gleatl lt's big and
clean. I have a blue rug in m\/ room
and a loi of white cabinets 0n the

wall, I have a poster of mY favorite


singer. Nly corputer is under ihe
poste, so I can look at it when I
studyl I have a lot of books in mY
room, too, I read a loi in mY room,
It's very quiei, and I like it that

Trish

Kwan
I share a room wiih my litile brother
1,,/e

have a small room. but it's cool We

keep it clean. our room is red and bue


There are two beds, and iheres a hlg
window nexi to the beds. My brother is
eight, and he likes cars There are a lot
of car posters on the walJ. I don't like
carc so much. but ihafs

0K I

have

sisters, so I'm haPPY I have a room


with nry litue brother. We go to our
room a lot to get away!

folr

love my rooml lt's very raessy,


but that doesn'i bother me, fhere
are clothes on the f oor and uder
ry bed. My favorite thing in ru
room is my pink chair. l4Y TV is
great. too. The only Problem: There
are usually clothes on itl

@
@

wnite

?K

Samir! description
of his dream house. How
many bedrooms are in
hrs dream horse? How
Read

many

bathrooms? l\

<J'^
r.tS.

lY\u dr.am [iows


[nr\ drLam foLrs Li ]n lnL corrL'tr4 1i\ vr!
ha'-L.l t"l\5 tlr b.dfaDrs ii n^s ,n{, fol Acir
ri rr',Ll brotn.rs nd 5tJt,r5, L,nL |)r mq Tatnis,
biu l,d ln-fll
and u, lc,r r'1, lnuL't
^
l'l\J
Jllr, bil'lDorxt
t1ouls,
rr,rrr fiL,i drtr
:) rfus a' |:,,.qt, ivnr room ,urtl" ]Jo rd 5ott

mrlam-,, 4 , r."
,.4 , /,11
atq

t,

l\\Lr'Lt' bLtu.it,l

'!t t'+

"'rr"
J " ''
lovr, -io lxrll f(l drrYl
."1' n "

n llrJ ol f5 brl1M il ror5t) ro l'


ll llis rln Lr- f ll lIlL floL,r.5

nr

l'L

tr

-=4
tr

write about your dream house and drw


a floor plan. lnclude answers to these

S soealr

questions.
What k nd of house ls it?
HoW rany rooms does

tr

have?

HoW blg are the rooms?

Whatturnture

s ln some

ofthe

rooms?

Work with a partner and deec-b


your dream houses tc e:c_ ::_e'
Ask each othe. c,::::_: ::: -:
inforrnat c.:^,: : _a: _a -aea

:..::_::':_a : .- a ::tcrbe your


t':: ::_:-:': a'::- rouse. How

0ft

s]

Grammar: lmperatves; Adverbs of frequency; Objecf pronouns; can/can't


fot ability;There is ,/ There dre (neSative and questos) + d,/an,/any
Vocabulary: Activity verbs, places, time, clothes, money and prices

and tisten
@ *"neao
Activity verbs and imperatives
a

Match the verbs to the pictures.

Read the text quickly. How many rules


are there at Westsde Poo[?

close cry lump laugh lsten open


ead run shout sm le sw m wrte
--Le-

\{;.
rtl

New memhers; Welcome


to the Westside Pool.

': :.
r:: ii.

rLles Pleas
them nd make ih
and sfe lor everyo.
Read our

.
.
.
.
to

.
.

Don't run by the poo .


Close the doors when you ete
the pool area.
S!\rim in the swimrning lanes

Don't jun'rp into the poo from

-1:_: thoL-rt the poo


:.s:a ia i-: eq!af5

fe.

Th nk yoLl

tr fffi

and listen.

UNIT 2

>

Now read the text atain


imperatives.

(Circltthe

nevew
Q *cnammanoffrequency
Adverbs

E]

Put the adverbs in the correct places in the diagram.

3 often 4

Complete the sentences so they are true for


you- Use olways, usuolly, often, sometimes,
hardly ever or never.

I
2

Q enonunciation
Pronunciation sectio
starts on pa8e

play socre after school

My

teachers :! ).:.,\-t).)/::! tve

onFriday

3 i.t

t:,r

homew

80 to the movtes o

4 vrb.._ar. d

"'o

the

on- or

@ tisten
7C

-d

can./can't for ability

tr Efiffl

Listen to Diego and Liz tafkn8


about what they can and can't do. F;ll in
the first two columns in the table.

house on th weekend.

t 'rll .,' --,, -'

l'14.

late for schooL or work.

=Yes.

,/

= Yes,

Work vlith part,]er. Talk aoout your


sentences in Exercise 2b.

A. I sometimes play saccer after schaal.


B: RealLy? lnever play soccer after school-

But I dlways play an the weekend-

,t

Object pronouns revew

Pt the object pronoun in the sentences.

IPo

but notvery well.

Die60

Liz

--x

.?
'

]
2

sar

-:. .:.LL!

kee eggs

but I hate

: -:-:.aLL!

I Mybroi-:' :: : : : :.:.:-rkra
I

kes

the table.
HereaLy

Diego cant swim.

swm, but not very well-

What about you? Filln


You in the table.

th;

Work wah a partner- Ask questions


:he last.. --- ofthetable.

Reynaldo is
5

Do you hare

. :

My sister and I like

vocabutapy
:.-.

. :: :^e pictures. What

places do the pictures show? Write

' .: 2:'r.e.LLrb 3 ffvi-tHr 4 shoestore


: 1'. _ :a cr 7 c oth t ltore 8 post oflice

8 in the boxes.

5 bookstore

ffi ifsprrL

enamman Feview

ll

There s ,/ There are (negative


and guestionsl + a/on,/any

rme

Look at the pictures. Make sentences.

Complete the questions and short answers.


2.

thr

Ar

nv dnce cLLrhs here?

\1

'

.7
:,i-, li'";;i;;;;;;;;,

(X) No,

"i-,

there ''r

Gre

9:1

7:OO

(/)Yes. there

I
4

a post

l./

tr

tr

an}

(/)

offi.e on thls street?

ce

cloih.s ln ih

jiore?

Complete the seteces wilh a at ony.

I There aren't !4I tood cLothint stores her.


post of6ce near here?
2 s there
3 The-"s good shoe store on th s street.
4 Are there
bookstore5 in th s town?

"

,,_l

l{Gxt mouie:
7:45

-9:30

What can you say aboutyour city ortown? Use


the piaces in Exercise 5 and the questions and
sentences in Exercises 6b and 6c to help you.

I
,.)

I
I

UN

T2

..t'-'

S *vocautarY
ctothes

Write the letters in the correct order to make words. Write them under the pictures.

sreds

skrt hirst

scosk ohess rtewas si+hrt naFe s.raf reaensks sptn lekcai

i -#rr

5n8.00

*wF'

&ir

t_-\

589.7s

524.00

o."kl

sr95.00
S54.75

s56.50

"?'l*..
\

--K

>,)

562.99

s19.99

,l/ f.'.t,:.
[

Say what color the clothes are.


I

The sneakers are purple

Work with a partner Ask and nswer.

A: Whdt calar is yaur favarite shirtl

s:

BlLte Vr'hat calor dre your fa'/arte

'

00

,{esa\ the/,edol/dr5
-n .'
oa d a-a \e't/
hve cents ot seven t||enty hve.
We writ 525.99 \e 3ay t\\,enty llve lallats ond
ninety nine cents at t enty frrc nnety nine
We

{rite

Sl2

\ay d hundred dnd tv/enty


5125 00
'\e
dallors ot ne hundred and twenty frre dcliat'

We write

fw

@ *soeatr
Money and prices

Work with a partner. Say the prices of the


cLothes in Ere,c:e a1

tr I!!@p. work- \Yith a partner


..:
say the
your ans!!e'3

I st2 0l
2 525 00
3 5125 00

:_:_:-,ls(

: : .:

and answer questlons

,..

Too much homewon!


ffi maead

and tisten

Look at the photostory. What do you think the problem


the solution to the problem.

is? Read and listen

to fnd

Emily: Does anyone


want to go to the
mov es tonight?
Alexr Sorry. can t. ihave

too much homework


Kimr Me, too. And t's so
hardl

Matt:

lt!

you,
s

Matt

nor that bad.

bLrt

yo!r older

ster heLps ),oul

m:

t'5 not fa rl How


w lllever get thls

Why

dot

l\,e study toSether?

Emllyr Thats a gret ide. We ca go to the caf

m: Realiy? You Suys woLrld hLp me?


ALex: Wait.leed help, too We.a alLheLp each other
K

Ki-r: Th s wa! a

8co.i ldea. !\,e re aLmost done

Alex: Great. nor,,

Lei s

to to a mov e

Emlly: Very frrnnyl lts too late for that, Alex


But why doni we 80 on Fr day?

Matt

Perfectl Lets plan on t

Complete the table. For each sentence, write a check in the column under the correct name.

r
l

asls the g o-p to go .o a

movre

-TM"tt

2 rhh,sthe honwo. i. trd


|
I oosnt th nl, the orrewort is very_Lrd /
I
a sLr88\ \ rhv st-dy tojtll
\=
I
.avsheneedsheo. oo
.uyrtu^""'r,"p.
ls
I
f_s

Emily

- a-,

- I-I ]
,
I sr88e.rsL^ev8orc-novieontriddy
oo

tE

UN

T2

I \

Kim

lrql1

| /
_'
_I
_
I -L.f
i
,

]
I
I

I
I

@
a

evenvdav nstsh

rmpnovisation

Reall!?

Work with a partner. Take two miutes to prepare


a short role play. Do not write the text, just agree on
your ldeas for a short scene. Then act it out.

15 not that bad

Roles:K

the expressions in the


photostory. Who says them?
F d

r.na _.i.:.

situation:At

r
:
a
l

!rvh) oo1 we.

8a( ded

/ou

Use one

g,Jys

t ! too iate for that

lead the dialogue. Use the


expressions in Exercise lla to
.omplete it.
5helly: Hey, Leo.
'et DVDS tonight?

.. cant

r.5 nc!:-

t r\""

-;

ofthese sentences to start the conversat on:

Klm: Can Eo to the rovies on Fr day. Dd.


Dad: Let\ Eo to d nner wlth toLrr mom o F d}. K m

neacn out din'r@

have to !1atch my

brother.

sn"uy'

have

}1.r

to watch lim.

tl,
Leo:

')

You always

Li!-!: ,:{,:r

:'.

Actually, I like

doinS lt.

shelty: Hey,
both come over. My parerts
'5

willbe home.
Leo: Thati a Sood idea. We
rent a kid! movie.
shetly:

can

... . l have a
scary movie aLready.

Leo: Oh, well, we can see thatl

Discussion box

Yourfriend invites you


somewhere. You can t go
5ay what happens.

Do you ever study or do

homework with a group?


ls ii helpful?
v

often do you help

r iiends? What do

do?

@=l What's happenin8 in the photo? What do you think


hs summer job is?

[]

Match the words to the meanrngs. Then watch


Episode I and meet Alex, Emily, Matt and Km.

I t ad -\
z realize \
3 lort.r
\
4 semester
\
5 grades
\
6 fashb'rdesSner \f

a
h
c
d
e

a person who creates clo,hes

rh.iersrn.l

mark you 8et ar schoo


hard,

diffcutt

part of the
huppy

5(

hooi yea.

4[

srl', ,UI.

@ write
*

,r,

Annal

Ho,vare you? r gad you wanttolonthe book cub, Book lt.


t s a flrn group. We read a book each week There s a rneet g
on Wednesday. We somet mes watch mov es of thc books wc rcad
on Fr days. We have a few rr..r es.

.
.
.
.
.

Read the book before the rneet:ng.


Ask and anslver quest ons about the book.
Be polte L sten to others
Don't shout lwe rneet a bookstore, so ,ve need to oe qu et
Lalrgh ad smiel

Thats

tl tsarea yfLrncub

lhopeyoLr can corneon vfednesday

See you,
lvlar o

tr
tr

Read Mario's

I
2
I

emallto Anna about the book club. Answer the questions.

Whats the name ofthe.LLrbT


What does the

cLLrb

Where does the

dc on

cLLrb

Fr days?

meei?

Think of a club or a Broup you are in that has rules.


him/her about lt.

tast but not least:

wr te

an

emailto

friend tellinB

more speakng

work with a partner. lmatine you have a buslness


Decide on the followinS toSether:

fhe type of blrsiners:

.
e

A ame for )oLrr

bookstore a mov e the:

Hor much tms .ost

(books and magaz nes.

The rLrles at your busies5

E,*,,

wea? hate

usiness

sna.[s. entran,:e fee, fooC]

:'

.i:

in the

G|,b'

checl youn pnogFess

$
L

&

cnamman
Complete the sentences. choose the
correct words.

Where

you

vocabutary
write the words ad phrases in the lists.

fam ly from?

your c

he

Ahmed

three

a to hav b have c

sters.

has

a rLrg !nder the table

a There

is b s there c There are


Potatoe5

the

refr gerator?

any b l! thre any

Are there

Tomoko and

Dan

Clothes

Furniture

from

lapan.

a s bbe c are
the door, please.

a CLose b CLoses c Closeto

- ffi

Use the words in

the box to complete the

sentences.

complete the sentences. (circlg/l the


correct words.

5o.cer (.an ./.dn't)

I like

play very

welL

Thls , Dav d's book Ptease Sive it to


lhet ,/ hm)

How many brothers do youlbe

fhe

eafa i\ (!1ext to

have)1

between)tt-

table.
(Don?

rr,

./ Run) by the pooL.

lt!

I haveabgbedinmy
2 The movi is at
very weLL.
I I can't
your books to paSe l0
4
5 The sk rt is
6 We have a blg tabLe and four chals
n the

danterous

{never./ dlw"yr)do my horework,


but my sister doesn't.

ls there (d

I,There is

d,'l) chalr in your bedroom?

There

re) t't o .ompute rs

rnmyfoom.

How did you d0?


check your s.ore

o
OK

t4- ll

*
*
*

Simple present (afrmatve and ne8ative; questions and short answers)


lke +

-in,

Vocabulary: hobbies and nterests, school subjects

neao and tisten

tr ffiilS

Now read the text atain and listen. Answer


the questions.

Look at the pctures. How old


do you think the tirl is? what
is her hobby? Read the text
quickly to check your ideas.

I
z
3
4
5

\iVhere s KeLLe from?


Why does she leed the bees in the w nter?
When doe5 lhe gt hoey from the h 're5'
What does she do,{th the hoey?
Why do t her friends 80 near the hves?

Kellie Lenamod is 16, Shet from Texas in the Uited States.


She has many hobbies. She lkes playing volleyball. she also
likes playing the fiddle, and she loves sngin9. But, Kellie has
an unusual hobby: beekeeping.
Kellie doesn't work with the bees every day. She (he(ks her
hives about twice a month in the sprinq, summer and fall.
She spends more tme with the bee5 in the wnter.fhere
aren't many flowers forthe bees to get food from atthistifie
of year. So, Kelliefeeds the bees a mixtirre of sugar and water
Kellie has

This is a typicaldayfor Kellie when she works with the bees:

8:00

She gets uP and eats breakfst-

9:OO

She sets out her beesuit Shemakessugrwaterfor

the bees.

l1:OO

She practices

thefiddle.

12:0o 5he ml.e( lunch for her orother\


Then she does her homework.
5he qoes to volleyball pr.tice.
3:O0
5:00
7:00

nd,i,t"r'.

she nd her mom rake diner.


Afier dlnner, Kellie puts on her beesuit.
5he and her dad go to the backyard.

Shefeeds the bees the sllgar water.


Every summet Kellietakes honeyfrom the
hives. Her bees produce about 35 I ters

of hoey a year. Kellie and herfamily se


some ofthe honey, cook with the honey
and give friends hone, too.
UNIT

sx beehives-she hos about

Kellie's friends don't go near the hiv-"s.They are

afraid.They don't want the bees to sting thern.


Kellie says they do't understand that bees are
a good thing. 5he says,"L like standing safety
in the middle ofa swir ing mss of stinging
inse.ts. No one else is brave enoughl"

o
t

GFammar

Look at the pictures. Write simple present sentences.

' Simple present


affr rmative and ne6ative)

lJse like,Iove o( hote and a word from the box.

cats soccer app1e5

ce

cream bananas witer

Look at the examples. Then


.omplete the rule.
-:ile gets up at 8:AA

.'z bees produce honey.

..y

cook with honey.

i::-:.:i We

use the s mple

present for thinSs whl.h


happen regularly or which

with

Ne like5

2l

epplet.

/.

we !!e the base


form of the ve:b. WiLh h.

/./ he heantt
" \ome \e bs en n j
j they wash she wlhes
.h we te.h h. teaches.
I 80 she goes
fthe

c ey bke ttlL\

She [,r4{j"aqr}\

verb ends w th.onsonant

-th endinS ls,r.


ihey fly t flies
)-o! stLrdy he studies

5 )he

Complete the sentences.


Use the simple present form
of the verbs-

Look at the examples and comptete the tabte.


Kellie daesnt work v/th the beos every day

They don't go near lhe hves.

I Sirra /oves (tove) mov es


(hate)
2 My fr -ads
I You

Ae

/yo!/(e/they

(tale)sood

.
he./she./it

phototraphs

,1 [rr

father
Chlle twlce

(fly)

N,4y

My

mom

7 lve
at

(doesnot)run

]ameson

(tea.h)us Engllsh

(do not)run

/you/we/they

run

to

yea.
(read) a

(go)to schooL

8rl0 n the momlng

Complete the sentences. Use the imPle Present form


of the verbs.

1 t 1ea:like I
z w" iyL
3 My parents _
4t

: .a:,

ioi o meat at home.

{speak)Spanish.

ro,n)his phone number.


(gei up)late on the weekend.
(not drive) to work.

..

':<e ihe sentences netative.


'.i) rro.her spends a lot of
money on clothes.

Ny btpthet 4pes!:t tpeld s lol


of maney on clothes.

lEet

Lrp

early

S!nday.

My slster watches a lot ofTV

I hLrv mLrsi.

1 )"/.,

on that Web site

,1F^-,lr.
You know the answer,

S *vocabutanv

Hobbes and interests

tr [lE@

Match the activities


wth the pictures. Write 1-9 in
the boxes. Then listen, check
and repeat

i going to the movies


2 reading
3 swimming
4 painting
s playint computer Sames
dancint
7 listeninS to music
8 playint the tuitar
9 runnins

tr

Use words

five

trui

s)

!ffi

from the three lists to make

sentences.

ptay:

aon',

ptuy

does't

pLay

matz nes

the

EU

rar

My fr ends

comp!ter 8ames.

My brother
My s ster

8Oes

doesnt Eo

L
il)

,lNrr

a ner,,,spaper every day

I
@

tisten
E] Uffi

cnamman
.:, l{e + -nE

Listen to the interview. whch


picture shows Mark! hobby?

Look at the examples and complete


the rule.
Kellie likes playry the ddle
She lorcs sindnt
we enay cookng'tth haney.
thdte gettnq Ltp earlyl

e
tr

.r , , I We often use the


form after verbs of Lik n8 and not
Llk n8. for exampLe, /rl. on' /rle,

dancinS, smite

fa short verb ends

sm linS

n voweL

consonant, we double the last Letir


before rrg.
swim swimmlnB, rLrn rLrnnn8

Complete the sentences. Use the -ig


form ofthe verbs in the box.

ride run play 80 ltee


hates lirtlr8 to
) My brother doesn t lke

Mar a

DEtr

taLk

)aza

write

T (true)

or

n
n
tr
u

Mark 8 ves shows once a month

He lears nelr tricks on

the nternet

Mark practices e\,ery dy


Mark's brother lvants to be a mag clan

e.onunciation
Pronunciation section starts
on pate

Listen a8ain.

F (false).

I
2
3
4

fthe verb ends in ?, we drop


dance

C'

1'14.

cnamman
:b Simple present (questions and short
answers)
Read the examples about Markt hobby and
complete the table.
Do yaurfriends know dbautyour habby? Yes, they do.

Does t take a lon1 time to learn? Yes, it does.

8ames.

Do yau tell your brother haw ta da the trcks?

her b ke.

My dad enjoys

to ry fr ends on the

,10u,/we/they
5tudy

We

love

to goccer tarnes on

the weekend.

@
a

EngLrsh?

he/she/it
5tudy n8

EnSLrsh?

Like

Yes l,/yoU,/,,!e,/they do

No.

,/yoLr/we/they

Yes,

he/she/lt

No, he,/she,/

t doesnt

ldo notl

not

soear
work with

a partner. Talk about

hobbies in Exercise

the

3.

crc

..

.ate

...

Im (nat) sood at

(dan't) like,/enjay

..

..

Complete the questions and

I a: Doel leremy like s\i mming?


B:

Ye:.

heJbL

t/)

241
(x)

8:

Make notes and tell other people


in your class aboLrt your partner's
hobbies.

our ftends listen to rnusic?

tl)
,-e o to your school?

ll)
uNrri

19

I
@
]-ll
--

neao and tsten


Tonya, Elsa and

vark to to the

3q 5heql. Read the text qurcl ly


and find:

I
2

ll]

cuttune lq *!nd
the nan e ofthe s.hooi
ihree dlffee rt .Lubs at the s'hool

Look at the prctures which th n8s


re school sublects? Whlch thrnte

are clubs? Which are sPorts?

write

5 (subject). C (club)or 5P (sport)

t-,.-,

Itr"2

Tonya, Elsa and Mark are students at LaCuardia


High School ln New Yo.k C ty lt's a school wlih
regular academ c classes. but lt nlso special 7er in the
performing arts. Tonya likes dan.ing, Elsa want to be

lz1*r

o--

:5::-i

an artist and Mark ;s a singr.

6,M

The stuclents arc all 15, and they'rc in loth trade


They st',dy subl.ts llke English math, social studles

. oP lre .'J ruo\'"'orP'dr

Language: Fren.h, ltaLian, Spanish or Japanes' students


have many acadernic c asses, but dur ng the s'hool day
they also tak classes in the arts, ike thcater, art' dance

an.l mlrslc. Mark says, "l gt the basi' c asses' but I a so


Ldl ",.oi, " \\"r o
-\r, rr\1,rr,'d"

".

There ls even morc fo' LaCuardia students aftcr schoo '


There re morc than .+o l:lubs for srudnts' For xanrp e'
ther s a movle . ub, a tltt g . LLb and an nvlronment
. ub \,Ve hale so a\ .h! c.s here sa,vs Tonya'
i!1i i:', n 1. !r ! lh..:.'.'.. !! I lke trking photos

a' ' ::_ -:^ .ieaests.


: -: : :: .,.-:': ..:n a so do many sPolts or
.- : tr! beskelba l, tennis, volleYbalL
. -: = : :. : c the gymnastics team' She says,
and do
' : r. - I rn tea.. lt makes me work hrd
- :::: :.-.oenls pra.t ce alter school. They compete
..= . rir.r high schools. Mark says, At schoo,
. .::. -r mse f. L'm a singr, and I do that a one, too'

- a-

,,\

Vr

k
^t

a.aaa

-.: i hy

like playing on the basketba I team' We

. . .ogp r4 d-d .or o",e ,od n. o 'le F , r\

iCuard a offers many great.lasses, i- ubs ad sports for


lturlenls. Students at LaCualia get a good education,
and they also develop thir o!^/n intersts. Many
LaCuardia students becore dancers, singel:s and actorsl

UNIT

wnite

lmatne that Lisa is your new e-patand


this is her first messaSe to you. Read
her messa8e. What are her hobbies
and interests?

subjecti

. .

I'rn Lisa Franklin. I'm Arnerican,


and I live in Ca iiornia.I'm 15.

ove sports. lvly favorite


hobby is painting. I also lke
taking photographs (1'rn in the
photography club at school), and
I enjoy riding my bike. I love
watch ng sports o TV, esPec a lY
tenn s I rea y lke Rafae Nadl
best friend ls Sonia. \le isten
to muslc a ot, and l/e often go

!ly

to the rovies together, too, ller


favorite actor is Ben St ler I think
he's very funny, but my favorite
actor is lohny Depp.
Write soon!
Lisa

T ffi
Write

Read

[l

the text atain ad listen.

(true) or F (false).

I -on) El.d"ndVrl reoL15)oa'sor0 :

.
.
.
.

..

Art

cLa5ses are schooL

s!bje.t5 at

LaGLrardia

Ciubs meet dur n8 the

t.hool

Ton),a s fa'ror ,e.LLrb l5

the rovie .lub.

ELsa s

7
8
d

on the tyrastics

day.

Mark 5lgs in a bad wlth other peopLe.


Sportq teams compete aga n5t other

this school similar to yours or ver!

d fferent? Discuss this question


a

( li^

your narne, natioallty and age


where you live

your hobbies and lnterests


some lnformation aboutyour riend{s)

H @ rr,,n
ffi

te

an email in reply to Lisa. lnclude th


information:

write

@
b

Work with a partner- Think of ve questions


that you wo(rld ke to ask Tonya from
Lacuard High Schoot.

wo.k with your partner: One of you 5 the


intewiewer, nd the other one is Tonya.
As[ and answer questons.

partner or in s.all trouPs


UNIT]

Present continuous for activities happeninS now

Simple present vs. present contnuous


Vocabulary: housework

Q neao and tsten


@

Give any examptes you can

of

people who do "volunteer work"


(work you do without beinS paid).
Look

atthe photos. How old do you


is? where is he, and what

think Mike

s he doinE? Read

the text quckty

and checkyour ideas.


Read the text atain and
tr f,![@
listen. Mark the statements I (true)

or

F (fatse).

I Mike usually Lives in Nebraska.


2 Mrle s studyrnt to be.ome
a doctor.
3 Mil,e s unhppy becuse he
doesnt 8et any moey
4 Mrle s ivrnt in. house with
fve other people.
5 M l,e wnts to 80 home
when he nishes hrs work.

tr

t
L
L
L
I

Answer the questions.

Why does Mlke like what he ls


doinS?

2
3

Say three places in the world where


you would like to work as a volunieer

Give an eEmple oE a)w-tEer wor


you vrould like to dq b)tt)lr.eer
work )lou rYouH nd lle to do.

"l'm staying here for o months no 'm liv ng


small house \\,ith five other \oiurte.rs Tl.e wo|l
hard and the days are long, but I'm enjoying
here. l'm lerning a lot abou l;fe n southern
_:
_j :":i\,lo
. ri::
:--

:.

-.-

Lrnd Naa

:::::.
ZAMB A

NAM BIA

cramman

*
a

ButE: We use the present


to talk about thlnSs

Present continuous for activities happening now

that are happn n8 at or


around the t me ofspeaklnS.

Lok-a1qhe examples. The comPlete the rule and the table.

We orm the present


w th the present tese
+ verb + i"g.

He's working in d haspital near Katima MuLila.

:'m livin| in o small hause r,/ith frve ather valunteers.


l'm ledrnry a lat abaut life n sauthern Afrco.

r (am)workinS

I working?

l'm not working

Yes, am.

No

)working

-i.,'!he./it!

{is)

.rIing

youl\!e/they

you,4fe/they aren't
worklnt

worklng?

he,/she/t

worIin8

:cmplete the sentences.

Use

:..:: he/she/it

workint?

of

'm not

youlwe/they
No you ,\e the,

Yes,

ter hP. she t


No,he/she/t.

the present continuous form of the verbs

:rry

Eddie isnt here. He'rta/n8 {ta[e)th dog for a watk


(watch) a nrovle on DVD
.' <e and Jane are n the I v ng room.

They

(not Lsten)to meL


-rnahlYoLr
(do) my horework.
:in t talk now. I
:
(watch)this show? B: No, m not. Watch a d ffrent one fvou want
you
(take)a ap?
: .iaddy! upsta rs n her room o: oh? RealL,? she
at the pictures and comptete the sentences with the Present continuous.
the phrases in the box.

-:3k

-,:

otL.i.

\.. Lalealp

1oL

enJo .'o^

Look Our do8 Max

^r

3
'

It!

"".i

o'

My parentsl

,.

..*-,

: !| 1r . . .,: .:r

a great 8ame. and

reL

enonunciation
> (srndr2 :'c_ --: :: : - ::::

.:arts on pate ll4.

r
Q *cnammar

Complete the sentences. Use the simple


present or present contiuous form of
the verbs.

Simple present vs. present


continuous

Look at the examples. rhen


words in the sentences,

@@

the

co,r".t

Present Continuous

Simple Present

He's lving n a house n

llanibta ntht

naw.

l"lanl peaple wotk

1.|ke is workinS n d

It aften snows here

Laak autsde tt's snawngl

2
3

Pduld wedrs

@
Paulas,r6rirs b ack jean5 today

del/t rdrlrr./ it rotrrrng


It rdns / lts rarrnta ol n Februrl.
Dad cooks / Dad's coolins r ght now.
My ather coaks / My nather's coaklng
Conre

ns

un.h every Sunday.


Steve s

terr bLlHe /rever lstens

He's

rpvr /ritenirg to the teacherl

rhese ,erbs e Lmost never used


present.ont nLrout

n the

beleve [now Lrnderstand wat


remember need rean lke hate
know r:he an5wer (Not H<F\+rnS )
My friend likes rap mu5 c. (Not ,\4}]k

iif+i

We use ifferent tlme expressions with


the t!.ro tenses Cc-3 ete :he lists \\ith

!sually w.:/lr

today

she

2 We

c_: _:_e ::

the t _e s:pres:

Srah

rtht now.

(\'!aLk)to schooL,

(r de) her b

b!t

te

(have)geographv cLass twice a


about volcanoes

"::+arn)

ur) ihe Nei this afternoon.

'ara'
erery even
Simple

n8

th s

present

.vaniJ -.o find some

'a:1

.1e.. :'. :: ' -.'


Present continuoL:

every day

eLways
:

thls nrornng

:
=
.

-a: :r. ::. :cr ht


inoi i [e]the mLrsi.

thsword
(not understand)lt.

,
UN T,1

because
(mean)?

.!l

f)
a

tisten
f,!@[

Lirt"n to radio intervew with Mike Coleman. what is


"
he doin6 at the time ofthe intervew? Choose the correct picture.

,:-*

i{- #

!t-l

ttq{

)
Listen atan and write T(true)or F (false).
'.1 ke has

'/

breakfast at aroLrnd e Eht ocLo.k

ke and hi, frierds iake brea<fast. Lunch and d

'.4 i.e uses a

ner

wash nE ra.hlne to do the LaLndry

'l

[e son]etimes cleas the floors and \ra5hes the tr'lndols ai the .osp

'.1

ke

s workln8

taL.

LI
-iII

wth bor nt people.

Q :hvocabutanv
Housework

u.t.hth"*o,d, I
f,![@
.vith the prctures. Write l-7
n the boxes. Then

listen.

t\

tsrr

ti It

'. i.r

Gr'f

.heck and repeat.

iron the cLothes..l


do the laundry
go Srocery shopping

do the d shes

up,/ clean a room


wash the wndows.l
clean

soear
. r,k

in a troup. Ask and answer

,astions about housework.

: ..

help at hoe? Do you clean your ovrn roon?

:'ten

do you go grocety shopping

da the dBhes...

c)

. .bi da you lke? which da yau hatel


.:.lr

hcme, who usually does the housework? You, your brother

-- . ::e" your mother, your father? Compare with a partner: . ...i\ bLtt y mathe. al'myt daes the dshes .

tet's hetp him out.


(D

Bead and

listen

Look at the photostory. What do Emil Alex and Matt do? Why do you think Kim
doesn't help? Read and liste to find the aswers.
Emily: Hey, look at that

8uv

Matt: Yeah. Lets help


hlm orrt Come on.
Krn
Kim: Not me. t'9 not
my problem. Let him
push hls own ca
ALex:

WelL m Soing to

help him.

Matt

Come onlOne,
- pushl

two, three

Emily: Wow, lt's heavyL

Alex: Yes, it is. lt!


movinS, thouShl

Matt

We did itl

Alex: But he drove awaylAnd he didn t even say thank youl

Matt:

Hey, that's rl8ht. Thats

not very n ce, is t?

Kim: See? toLd yoLr You

8Lrys are

crzy

EmiLy: Why?
K

m: Oh. come on, EmiLylThe ma d dnt


even say thank you!

Emily: 50 what? We pushed the car to hlp


h m not to hear h m saythan[You

l!-

vatch the beg nnints and endints to make a summary ofthe story

'l A man
z varr, alex and tmily)
-\
3 Kimthinks=--=_
4 The car is heavy, but r5 The man dflves awy,'
6 EmiLy thlnks----'

[@,'"0

<<

Eut he doesn't say thankyou


needs heLp to start his.ar

that thankyo!'

sn't important

they plsh lt and t starts

that t!th mans problenr. ot

he15.

q wenvoav Enstish S
Find expressions'l-6 in the

photostory. Who says them?

I
2
I

co,\onl

That's/r ght.
-

t s not tn) probLem.


.., though.

:.;.; l-l
!,,1

_
L

so wat?

'.)

Baslcldea:

.r-

,]..i.,1

Kim: Ex.Lrse me thlk


know you. We
helped you prsh vour

to

nda: Whattime does th


mov e start? E ght o'clock?
That's rqht

-rnda: Well weie Late.

Kmandthedrlerseeea._..:'.-.-i::r:?,_

Use one of these sentences

the

expressions in Exercise 9a
complete it.

'a]t:

^ai:::.

the next day

Read the dialotue. Use

Work with a partner Take two minutes to Prepare a


short role play. Try to use some of the expressions from
Exercise 9a. Do not'"!r te the text. just aSree on your
ideas for a short scene. Then act it out.
stuat on: On the stree. ihe

:.\i -.

5 Se? ',

tmonovisation

neacn out

to start the conversationl


Ma: HilCan talk to
you for a r n!te?
'd

ju!t

like

to

say

, PauLlLet's 80.

'ul: Late? No, we arent


Late.

ffi

Look at nry watch.

th rty.

.da: Oh. yes. OK. so we dont


eed to Leave now don't
rat to be late. '
:reryone say5 t's a really
-:ood movielAnd Ashton
<J.heis in t.

':-L '

Ashton

<Lrtcher isn t very Sood


_aa: Not very good? You
lust

:an t !nderstand acting


.'elL

r!

'

don't have to.omel

Kim says the others are


"crazy" because they

to

helped the driver. What


is your opinion?

a person urho comes

ln what situations do
you 6nd it easy or

diffcult to
people for
your

whatk happening in the situation i the photo? What is


the teacher toin8 to say?
Match the words with their definitons. Then watch
Episode 2 and see what happes wth Emily, Matt, Kirn
and Alex.

Discussion box

ask

not be

to a
the! ar l\ ted
a:iece oflewelry worr
pLa.e Ercca!se

aroL rd the ,,vrlsi or arnl

other /

help? Give

reasons.

say someth B and

j.hool project that nvoLvs


\"/ tho!t pay to help

rcr[i8
I

when dd you last help

a pla.e for oLder people

to do

someone whe had a

oblem?

Say

wtut

.-f

part ofthe schoolyear.


usuaLLy haLf

lt
I

r@
[d

wnite
Read MaSgie! emailto her
friend about a family party.
Answer the questions.

What s the event and


,rhen s it happenlE7

How many peopLe are

Hi Joannal
How are things? I hope you're we
Thls is go ng to be a qu ck message because 'm realy
busy. We're gett ng ready for my s ster's l Bth birthday
There's going to be a b g party n the backyard
tonight. About 50 people are com nql So we'rc all
here, cleaning and cook ng. N4y nrom's in the kitchen
preparing food, ad my dad's helping her J\4y sister J ll
and rny brother Brad are putting up a big teni and some
ghts in the backyard, and some o my sisieis .iends
are putting o!t the tab es and chairs. 1,,'1y grandparents
are't helping. They're taking a nap in ihei room. We l,
sorry, I have to go. My mom's calling me. She needs
some he p!

.ominSl

What

do g

s everybody

lrnatine you are helpinB to


prepare for one of these
events:

a b rthday ceLebrat on

lor

ce cf loLr fr end!

Have a good weekendl

a goo bye party for your

Write an ernail to

See you soon.


[,4aggie

fr end
and tell h n'r./her what s
a

happen ng

f}

tast but not Least: mone speakng

tr DE[f,
-:-:::.

Read

the phone

att

be'.ween Monique ar

-e-

-"e'(O"e:')'he,P

Monique: H I

ls Tanya

Taya: Yes. Thls

is

ilo i <

1:_

l_::-:/

a,e

there?

Taya Jpeqtltrg

Monique: Oh. hll How are you?


Taya. 'm OK. m a tittle busy ri6ht now
Monique: Busy? What are you
homevrork. but I nr
Monique: What

Lse?

ranya: n I
I

nry b'rother with h s nrath


my roor ..

atlor

'/vhat can Set]im for his birthday.


Monque: YoLr [now what Tanye?Letsmeetatthemall n haf
an hour and go shopp ng toSether. We can Look for a preset
aboLrt

Look at the dialotue


with a partner. Think of
some chantes to make to
the dialogue (names, for
example), so

frloiq!e I can't
Monilue: No? tf h! i.:?

Taya: 5orry.

Tanya: m aLso !

Mo.iq!e: Oh, nol

UNIT 4

ijr t

En8Llsh

test

t's tomorrowL

that it

becomes your dialogue.


Act out the nev/ dialotue
in pars. (Dont just read it
aloud!)

Gheck youn progress

ft

_,r GnammaP

Complete the sentences. Use the simple


present form of the verbs.

1
2

You sho! d read more


(!vatch)too much TV

My uncle
there.

lae You

vocabutanv
Put the letters in order to nd nine more
school subjects.

(live) in that hoLrse ove

thrna

shinELE

(like) listenins

to

nrusic?

My

father

nS pahs

(not lke)the same

Orr teacher hardLy ever


a lot of homev,,ork.

A:

(wo,k)

on Saturday5?
BiYes, she

a$yehorp

lo8onyetch

write the words and phrases the lists.


Then add three more to each list.
clothes k+1,,iF+6
washinS the w ndows
play ng the gu tar

ironinS the

they

(write)a lot of

dacin8
cleaninS

erails?
BrNo, they

9l

t0 yescmtr

(Eive) us

your mother

3 A:

orthiys

(play)computer

Alex and Sarah


tames every weeli-.nd.

(not set up)early on the

n+!r

up

Hobbies and

interests Housework

ttfglt!1ate lruste

Complete the sentences. Use the smple


present or present continuous form of
the verbs.

often pldyi

annle

;e

ptayng

',4y mo

(play)soccer but now

(play) corputer sames

lsuaLLy

(work)

ahi.ago. b!t thls week she


.rork)

i New

YorL

Check your score.

tead)a raSazine r tht

It's stranSe, because

no!1,

usually

(not ead) masaz nes


(not watch)televls on
:'I often, but we
(wat.h)
.. nterestint show riSht now

r:

your friends always


{sw m) in the o.ean?

E No, not always. They


in the pool today.
A: Kareni

.....

(,*nl)

not in her room.


hetp) Dad in the kitchen?
fbe) . she

re.*_

How dd you d0?

ld

o
good

Gramm* | )1 11
Vocabula,y | 20-ro

@
OK
t6

-14

,tu

!,er.
12

or

Less

! t.1 {,
\b"

'x

",!-

,ifr,t.:"
f wttl

t1r

$W

past be and reBUlar verbs (af6rmative and negative), wos born


Vocabulary: mult-word verbs (l), memory words
SimpLe

rrere born

I Bead and tsten


Look at the photos and the ttle. why do you think
this woman is a hero for some people? Read the
text quckly and check your ideas.

Erin

Brockovich

Ein Brockovich, an american womaq was bon in KanBas.


she studied at a business couege fo a yea, ad then she
moved to southern Caofl1ia ad mared a restaurarit
1990, when sbe was 50yeErs old, she was in a ca
accident. A ]aw compa,ny helped her after the acoident,
i lteshe stted !o work for them.

In

Her j ob was to ords]1ize papem. one day Erln rer i zed that
j a
there wee lots ofpapes about ome verv sick people
for
more
Lfomation
place carred Hldrley. She staied to looh

Irin

for
flwe yeam. She risited lots
of sicl people ]n Hlrlkley
d listened to thei stodes
!.r'orked v6ry had

about this. They didn't aee that th people


were sick because ofthewatr.In 1996, ihe
judle oxdeed Pacif,c Gas and Electic to pav the
people in Hikley $500.000 each (there rere
600 sick people, so that wa,s $685 million ir

tot8,l).

2OOO. thee was a movie about EriD


Bockovich. .JuLia F,obets played Erjn, and the
movie was vey successtul. Noll Erm is ia,mous.

ghe has he own compay,

,]1d

he ilves ta.lks

A1l the people uved rcx a,


big Pacinc Gas aDd llectric

iactoy, ad she discoveed


that there wa a chenical
called chromium in lhe
loca,l wate.

It

w,s

fomthe

factory, d En believed

that the people we sick


ofthe chomiua ir
thejr drlrkrng water She

because

p1n1ed to help them.

Erir ad her boss sta,rted a


1aw ce agaitrt the Painc
ad lec_Lric comPuY.
The comps]lt'rcas i baPPY
G8s

b ffim

Now read the text atain and listen Answer the questlons.

What was Erin's job at the law company?

\,Vhti dld E.

Where did th

strt to

s.i

Look

for more nforma'. cn 3bo!t H nkLey?

peoDte n HlkLey lve?

What \\,as Erln! tho',' ebout,,vhy the people were


5

30

law case?
s ck?

. Fr.li. Gas and ELectrl. Pay to people n H nkLey?


what does Er n Brocko .. . o\"/7
Hor much monet d

UNIT 5

Do you thnk the


people in Hinkley
were happy with
the result of the

-I
GFamman

*
a
b

Simple past: be

Look at the text on page 30. !.Jnderline examples of the simple past of the verb be.

Complete the table.

t/letste/itl i

,/he,/5he,/lt was

(was

L-\

not)

\o

_: :_a :

lla

ior .. :..

,,5

i:

youzwezteillJ
kere not)

thetT

Complete the sentences with ws,


tosn't. were ot weren't.
n 1990. Er

n a-dr

here not

PF0nuncati0n
Pronunciation-secton

in a car

starts on paSe ll4.


A tot of people in

HinkleyLj-.

sick.

GPAMMAP

,The dnnl.rng wter in Hintley

i*"tii4.,:

Look atthe exampte. Complete the sentences


with your information.
L,,n &o- la,i h ias bo n in pO She na" batn tn

chroriumi

the water.

-e

t,osses at Paclc Gas and

aLectr

happy.

:rmplete the questions with

UdJ

I
2

Wo5

Erin Bro.[ovich Brit sh?

it herlob to drve

there Lot, of papers about

sick people in

Hinklel

. 1|lr.U' tt'," *rt , ,n Hrnlley cLen?


; -J'-:e! lot of people rn Hinkley
"
sick?
5 'l-SLthe movie E/ in Brackovch

lwasbornin
was born

Wos Ern Brockavich Brtsh?

No, she

.) a-l
i
e

in l./f

(year).

{ptu.").

Ask other students.

when were yau barn?


Where were you born?

Work with a partner- Ask and answer about


family members. Complete the table for your
partneri family.

A: When
B: ]n

work with a partner. Ask and answer


:lte questions in Exercse 2d.

were born

sDeak

carfor

tle law companyr

I V..!-u

was born

tyas

yaur sster bornl

1998. Wherc were yaur parents bom?

v-.a'tcName

\o taPlace

wasn't.'he was Amercan-

UNIT5

7
Grammar

Simple past:
regular verbs

pl

(order) a Pizz'
2 There was no food ln the house, so we
(want)to 80 to the mov es, and my frlend Alex
I I

Look back atthe text on


pate 30. Find the simPte
past form of these verbs.

study

(a8ree)to come wlth me.

st\tded

fnarry,tt..a.

Complete the sentences. lJse the simPte Past form of


the verbsI Last ni8ht. I ttudle (stlrdy)for todays tesi

(try)to caLL my friend on saturday, but no one


(answeF). ,
Lastyearwe I'- (vislt)myauntandrin'llnALrstrala

5
6

t:i..

help

start

My

father

wth

(Stop) watchlng TV

and

(help) me

nry homework.

reatize

vsit

Look at the exarPle and complete the table.


Ttt cai'par't- ddn't o6ree

live

thathe Peaple

\\rere si.k because at'

believe
plan

order

./you./he/she,/ t /we/they wanted

Look at the verbs in


Exercise 6a. ComPLete

the rule.

complete the sentences. Use the simPle Past form ofthe


verbs in the box.
sta++ talk clean stay rain study not wash
F+-,Fi+ not lke not watch not ptay not say

We use the simple Past


to talk about finished act ons

With

(,)

we usualLY
to the verb

reBULar verbs,

add
\wori

worked.

start

..r

,., .-,

xorted)

art

l*

n e (for
we
add
/ive),
example,

lfthe verb ends

lf a short verb ends in one


vowet*.onsonnt (for

exampie, pian) we doubLe the

G)
I the !erb

-y

e'ai - .cto':ni

i'c'e'z-: = ::':

.2

()
[]
.':,,' aa- aaa'ii::n i
-. :.:._i !e hotei buttheY

)
3

*.r.*lnnl

il

32

UNIT

tenn s
we
-, Lsr ght She
for her test
the w ndows
rrt '.om but
anything
f.. a lont t rne, bLrt he

:i-.

a_ :eturaY, so

the

[sten
a

Josh made a poster about his

hero for a class presentation.


Look at the poster and the
sentences, How many of the
sentences can you comPlete?

a Dm

Listen to losh's
presentation. Find information
to complete the other
sentences in the postet

why
r

is Dorothy 5tan8

osh's hero?

v0cabulanY
(1)

-ook at the examples from the


jtenint.
:n yau come up here please?
.r of peaple wanted to cut

-:

nk of other verbs you know

:iat

end with lrp or

do /r.

: l![@ v"t.hthe
sentences with the pictures.
Then listen, check and repeat.
Climb upl

:et

in

:ome down

:et outl
:ck at the verbs in
:,.rclse 8b. Match them
. :h their opposites.

t0

come down

:...k with a partner


- -k of different situations

_:.e you can use the verbs

:{er.

se 8b.

.l
L

cuttune in mind

neao and listen


where these thngs are?
Look at the photos Do you know
quickly and listen Check your ideas'

fu

D[[|[[

Read the

text

BEMEMBERING HERI}ES
Countries, cities and

people '

Iiilr. iiJii'iiti, t'tid.

Some countries have a special


memorial dav rike the ore.

ilill:H;iir;;;;ik-i.-d., i'.'#l'fl1,[i',1fii,';'i,i,
heroes:Dolitcians,soldiefs,
riqhts
'r",ii" .i.ri, Jp.,ii iiit.
"'u
,uicun.. no tt" u" *'ny ' when
Y]:-

leader'

human

Lady Diana soencer d'red


in1997 in Paris many people

ifferent ways of remembering


lertflowers and messages near
itrem, too. re are some ot
he place where ihe car accrdent
oio,nutt

tne

iiiiniii*.

i';li'il11;r#i ;;
.

*"
il;...

Somet;-es we btrild siatues

0'

scurpLJ'es o' 1e-oe' esPecralY

:;:lil;:;,:,:.,,";:;;:;
:offii:;;';; ;;,,oo " -.

:;',1,q*'
ffl '.:::,;\lyJff
uyde
Fod.lLai,t

il

pa.k,r Loroo'1.

.,0-er^,rc ,rrame.

-::''r-:-:!'':= inEo'England

:''?'-: - r?fDclL
:.
' :: laneiro' in Bfazil' both
astatueoiSim.i,:'-. .-:''- i a:tOns
nained after local
"rral l*orr,, S!- iT:-:--:'ans JohnLennonand
.lti"nrilroriri=,. :tt'-- Jobim'
itarut uornt n,t -"':
. - -1oll,,^/00d. the Walk 0f Fame
the U.S. remembers ioLr S
past
-js ih; names 0f movie,Tv and
presidents olthe

crtlei ln iout

lr':.la

-a

l.r

.- Weoftenremerllbelsoldiers:-: -':r'ceebritiesinstarsonthe
::e"alk Very famouscelebrities
oir,., propra *r1o OltO in tttt t :
. "ir" randprints' tootprints
,mnnr,mcnt liketne\o---. :
]-0 artog-aohs in cemenl a[
I ini p..oi. t r,ti.t. ", e" , tq
--1"1'e" o0o s Grauman s chinese
t"niil .*,tr.L1. 't" ,,-l
iterral Flame at the romo o t:
r

Unknown Soldier in Paris Fran'::

Different countries and PeoPle


remember their heroes in different
are
wavs, including many ways that
your
here Perhaps n

noimentioned

country there are some different


ways. What are they?

t
c

WFTE

text aSain and:

Read the

give four exampLes of differen

Sive an xampLe of a statue

.i

oi

bu i ic rer.Trr

a hero.

3
I

boxes.

two examples of

pLaces named after

famous peopLe.

5
d

say what

the Walk of Fare

n
n
n

a \\ ha: rl d th s person do?


b .', hr s this perron a hero for you?
c ..': : lour hero?

say when Mart n Luther K ng lr. Da) js.

give

text that Dave wrote about


his hero. Match the questions with the
paratraphs. Write numbers l-3 in the
Read the

ls.

work in pairs or Sroups. Answer the


questions.

Wh.h ofthe people

n the text did you

aLready know about?

What other ways can yoLr th n[ of ro

ilow are heroes remembered

n your country?

v0cabulany

Jse a word from the box to complete each

:entence.

'orget unfortettabLe Frr+j!

memory

2ltel.,n fhayer uas bom in Neu Zealand" and

'emember':memarial forgetfll

,..-,

: las

o o 3r-", . ,- o. ,.o oL. .d o


a fantasiic

ay

'lL

My brother has an amazjnS


names ad

sk livedtlure ul.n sk? was o 9irl. Lrter,


ske lived tr. Gunleunala {0, {0"" yenrs nnd

o.

always

+lteh

it.

.i/hen you linish usinS the computer

dont

f
I

Par s last weeten.


ereat trme rt ws n,\rlL:1

nd slu d"ci?+o d, it.

Pole alone,

-t'Cl

Once, seven polar

3 |'eler fl^yer is {^y kero because s[e [ad a


drear, "d sl^ us dele"u^ihe +o M1.? it

we hldLt

J.#;

cowe.ae.

SLe r"os oluays pos,l,ve. eve^ :r'

ve"y J,ongerolrs n"d

'

!.1

El

or,t[

walL 1o

bpars a+tacLd ltplp}l andCl^rlie. Ckarlip


savpd gelen's life.

l,

flu

Sk oantedlo

+e{^pera+u/es o+

My friend Zach dldn't remember ry birt-hday


,,
or hrs rsteis brrthdyl Hes so ,j..-'L.-

U^ite S1a1s. UJ[en slte uas

dr9, Ctarlie, a Cairadian l,.Ltsl.y. tl..e o*rney


,os ve,.7 d;f0<,H. Shr *olr.ed -ss L,r,

ofl

Theres q ne$, statue in olr town. ts


.., .r r,l,J.{d a famous wr ter From our
country,

we went to

ihti!

ske l^d a &eau.

0n l^rrjourney, Helen dn\ have any [etp.


l^.e rs.olhpletely olo^e ercep+ for [er

faces. \
to turn lt

ll\y l^ero is [tle^ fhayer. ke uas ti* {,rs*


woqanlo wall.lothe raogl\eti. Nor-tk Pole

difll.alt s$mlio^s.

Think of someone you think is a hero.


write three paraSraphs about your hero.
Use Dave! example to help you.

sDeak
MaLe a posrer about your hero. The,1 8
a presentation to the class.

'e

Simpte past (regutar and irregutar verbs; questions and short answers)
Vocabulary: time expressions (Past), sPorts

Eead and lsten


a

How many sports do you


know in EnSlish? What i5
your favorite sport?

two athletes
World
ChampionshiP
at a
in 1971. What nationatities
were the two men? What
was their sPort?
Read about

c D![E! Now read the


and liste. Put

text a6ain
the pictures in the correct
order.

write numbers l-5

i the boxes.

I
UNT

!
d

Answer the questions.


Why didn't the Anrer.a^
Chinese players taLk

the verbs.

to.a.l

-... .,., reJe tbLe tennis charpionshlp inlapan n


(ptay)
t- :-:-....,-rndaChineseplayer'
__ _-:e! fhe Amer.an'
(m ss)
io:e._:":' :
te)
him
^ ; r-: .-: :-: :- -.i? : yer r
1iv

why d d Cowan get o the


Ch ese team bus?

lvhy djdn t Cowan Slve Zedong


a present mmed ately?

(gve)theAmercan
anoi-lfC--.:::..:'
(be) happy. and he
a prese: i-. :-: -..":_: :: i.:. : a:ari baak. He'
(bu}) a T ;h ri 'c' :-: :- -:,. . r ':' They '

\\/h), were there reportrs at


the hoteL \rhen the bus arri',,ed?
Do you think that zedo8 and
cowan stayed frends for a lont

te? Why

of

Cornplete the summary. Use the simple Past form

(become)fnenos

why not?

n the same year. the

-.' ..-

to China for a h eto'. .

a'aa

a.'.

{so)

::

Gnaml[aP
'Simple past: regular
rd irregular verbs

Look at the examples frorn the


text on page 36. How are the
'rerbs in 1 different from the
lerbs in 2?
They played far

He wonted

la

15

8\te

Look at the examples and comPlete the table.


Did the

Ch nere

player s top to or, o

Dd Ca"\on and ZedanS become

nnutes

/yor/he/sle/

samethng

t,/we,/they

te'

d idn

he / se/ir/,N e

they

80?

No i/you/ he/!he/ t/we/they

ge

Bat on the Chnete bus.


Zedang gave him a s.atf.

Put the verbs from the box in


the simple past and wrte them
n the lists. Use the text on Pate
36 to hetp you.

ttP1rsl'tet !h'rtdid.

\e\, /y ar/

The bus arrved at the hatel.

The :J.5. presdent went ta

(did not)

Put the words in the correct order

you ,/ go out ./ last night,/ did

music ,/ you ./ on Sunday

elgs

:han 5e caLt pLay m is


:r k get corrie Sive want
rrr re bLry become make

to make questions.

did ,/ llsten to

yau./ forbteakfast,/ thls mornjnS./

eat

dd

7 ,fuJ *'"" \tnlAti 'i-U ghrl'.


on vacation / you,/ last year / did / Eo?1
vou watch

st

nlsht d d

.TV

c,h{rrEed

speak
Work with a partner. Ask and answer the questions
from Exercise 2e.

^:

Did you

oLlt last n]hi?

B: Na.ldnt.lstdyed hame dnd "\'at.he Tv

I.

.1:

F::

vocabutaPy
:t Time expressions (past)

G speak

Work in smalltroups. Ask and answer the questions


Use d8o in your answers.

when we talk aboutthe past,


we can use time expressions lke
these. Add another exampleto
each

\,Vhen ./ start s.hool?

When./ begin learn 8

list

When ,/ arrive at s.hoolthis morn


When ,/

yestrday. yesterday morninS,


yesterdaY

A:

last night. last week, last Aprll,

rast

}"l

an hour a8o, four days ago,

:!/{
-b

a8o

Four hours

irst

n8?

nreet your be)st friend?

V/hen did yau start

school?

B: l.line years a1a

Q *vocabutanv
sports
tr f,![[[

write the lyords under the pictures.


[isten,
check and repeat.
Then

Complete the senteces with


your own information.

ESLish?

a8o,

eye|cg basketball hockey


snowboardint su16ng

sw

skateboard ng

rnming voLleyball

was

ur--

Last

nlSht

,ent to bed at

Yesterday eveninS,
Last Saturday,

EI

..-

ayqlilt8

EiSht years a8o. I was

My [ast vacation was

l.'

Complete the sentences. Use a


time expression with o60. .

skiing

G)a

now. He started
school whe he was five.
David is

15

David started school

teDtc4!t989..
I metyourcousin last Saturday.
i's lvednesday today
b

t!

10r30

now My EtLish

.La5s

Work with a partner or in a troup. Answer the


questions about the sports n Exercise 6a.

beSan at 9:30.

Which

My Eglish class b8an

I
2

Summer \,e.ation started at


the end oflLre. lts the end

Aus!st not'r.

of

spoii..

sPorr.?
use equipment
with wheels?
3 are water spoars?
are team

are n the W nter Olymplcs?

are poprrlar ln your country?

do you do?

do yolr

l[e

watch

ng?

SLrmmer vacat on 5tarted

![tenonunciation
f,![[U
UNIT 6

Pronunciation section starts on pa6e'114.

tisten
a

Look at the pictures of four people


in a TV show. Read their names.

Look at the pictures from the TV

show.

Mr Stern

N ck

've qot-a

fierl i" me

i:.: r1.r: :.: r" s!: a liLed in me


Whcn he roai l.i. ::::. :.::i
\-ou ye gor a

And youie mrlei

.i a: :

Youjust renlebei se:


Yox've got a frlend

r::.,::::i"\l

lro\.

me

Yeah, you'vc gol a lriend r me

Yox'vc got

friend m me. tox

lfyox've got troubles,

!.

soi a

inen,i:r:e

Therc isn\ atrylhig I worldn't do for !ou

e
You've got

can see ir thruugh, cos

fricnd ir

me, -re, you've got a lriend

Some other folks mighl be

Bigger ad stronger, too, baby.

Noe olth.m

vill

crcr

Love

vou rhe wv I do.

ft:

lre anJ Iou. boy


Ad as he )ears so by, our lriendship will ne1.r.1ic
Youle goa
What do you th nk the relationshlp
between the four people?

, DEI

Put the plctures in order to

e.Lo,r hp I '-'

You!e so

tell

cLe-t .ou' 'd-o

see.

it's

o dcrmy.

ftied i! mc. you'!e

Yeah, _vou ve got a iiicnd

ir

goL

rne.

s,

,vork with a partner. Teltthe story to your


.artner. Use the pictures to help you.

Lsten: a song
iead the words of the sont- Put the phrases
'r the box into the correct spaces.

r lttle

smarter than I am
,/e got thern, too
your n ce warm bed

'cm
.1,/e

st.k toSethr

: D[i[

Listenandcheck.

t
UNT

39

vNot a nce thing t0 say

I
I

wrffi,Read and tisen


Look at the photostory. Who is unhappy? Who is he unhappy with?
Read and listen to nd the answers.
Atex, So. \,/hat shouLd we do after s.hool?

Matt: How about t,ak ng cooI

es for

the party

on Saturday?

Emily Sounds Sood to me

alex Yeah Eie.yoe.en .ore to my

hoLrse.

Matt ble any.ookiesl

m:

m: Do yoLr remember lhe t me whn ),ou nrade p zza


for Lr5? t,,!as horribLel

BLrt

don't

Let

Mtt. t !r'ln't tht ba.l And I remember voLr ate lt


Alex. Not a very nice thins

to

say, Kim.

Kim: OK. l'm sorry I hurtyour


feetings, Matt. didnt mean

Kim: Oh, Alex.I was only


jokint. Cant we make
jokes about iiends?

Matt

Emily: Sure, Kim. Bt on the


other hand, real friends
t.y not to hurt each

So

Let's just forget about it.

see you

alltomorrow.

Kim oh, no. He isntvery happy,


is he?

othert feelings.

Emba
be

Nq I dont thnk so- And to


honel, lm ot surprsed.

!I

'.!l

Complete the sentences with the names: Kim, Matt. Emily

1 M4t
2
3

sugte5,! ba[in8 .ook


says lr]a..t

rale

gets a LitLe

-.s

for the party

an awful p zza one time

).

lorl

*,-

abolt

i:r

hLrrt ea.h

ends

oiheis

feeLgs.
1
8

says real friends don

r-Ert

tells Kim that she wasn't very frlendly.

says ts OK to mate tokes

thinks lt's normalthat Matt jsn't happy.

I
EveFYday Engtsh

m0n0vsati0n

Find expressjons'l-6 in the

Work with a partner Take two minutes to


prepare a short role play. Try to use some ofthe
expressios fror Exercise lla. Do not write the
text, jutt aSree on your ideas for a short scene.
Then act it out.

photostory- Who says them?

I
2
I
.l
i

Ho\'!

about

o rhe ther hand ..


d dn t nrean to
Let

Roles: K rn ad

just forget aboLrt t.

on t think

Basc

dea: K m and her mom taLk

Use one

thlnl

rboJi '.i3::

ofthese sentencesto startthe

Kim: Can ask you


sonreth ng Mom?

Mom You don't Loot


very happy today
Kim. , someth nt
wro8?

she s

a.

7 A:1

.:

conversation:

lead the dialotues. Use the


erpressios in Exercise lla to
.omplete them.

from Austr

rlo-

sittlnr At home larer the !aie

so.

' a: s Hanah Gerranl


B: / do,rt lhirk io

L.r

Beach out

going for a

ffi

walk?

B: Well, l'm a tittte tired, so


I don't want
to to out.

I a: Mrs.]ones

gave us a lot

homework d dnt

B:

lotl But
she d dn t glve us very much

Yes, a

homework

- a:
B:

of

she?

La5t

wek

r sorry broke your camera.

'

t was an old

Discussion box

I
1

Matt

is hurt w|ren Ki.n makes


joke aboLrt his cooklng.
How wo!td you react in the
a

Kim was "only joking.'Discuss

possible reasons why she was

jok ns.

rldtt, dn
ade rhe iake

l'.r'aybe Ktn ltkes

ihat

'

why she

iir, nat sure.lthnk she sad t


;.

r5

Who are the people n the photo? How does


each of them feel. and why. do you th nk each
fee ls that way?

Matt have agreed to meet.


Suddenly Matt says he cant come. He does't
tive a reason. work with a partner ad write a
story (not more than 80 words)to explain why
rhe) warted to m.-' a-d rhat l_appened.
Emily, Kim, Alex and

Read yoLrr 5iories aloud. Then watch Episode 3

and

iC o,rt

hat happened.
UNT

@
a

wnite

tast but n0 teast:

Do one of these activities.

m0ne speaking
r\ Alibi: a 6ame

rnag ne you are Dan n the story on paSe

\\/r]te

a d ary entry

l9

for Dan aboLrt what

Or
Read Atisons ema lto her fr end,lula.
Answer the questions.

I
2
3

Where d d ALison 80 on the \^/eekend?


What d d she do thereT
What does she astjuLa to send her?

Now write a similar emailto a friend.


Tell him,/her about a weekend or day you
enjoyed. Use Alison! ema lto help you.

How

m
ii

8e

Dt't':crf\ i
a

",*

c ror lra'.: !a , :.:i. r


ilrn a? Ca yolr up oo s!ra ; r o-'

_lo\,,, re
l/oLr? D

"

Ca.

photos

so ca see:her

oT

senC

re so'ra

an ema l?

fad a rea y good lveekend. /ly brother and


lrent to my cous n's house n Boston we
took the tra n on Ff day eve ng and aflved
al seven o'c o.k l/ly aLrnl and unc e cook-.d
a b g .l rrer for us, ancl then we a 'xent
bou/

ig

qoo.l.

t \'!as m), iirst time,


d dn't w n bLrL L f",as

so

wasn't very

a or oT T!n.
DoLrght
On Saturday ,,re \\,en: slropp
some ew sunrmer a othes. :ra il'y brother
boLrght e computer qame iE scc.:r g:me
course ). ln re evenlnq, 1,!E a rreni io a 1 ae

!l

!i

Ita ia restaurant hadapzza and ir,as


do c oLrs We u/ent home on Sunday, bLrt
f;afte.i to stay n Bosto ke t there.

ca ng me so cantl,^/rte ary
ne a about your
more. Write soon and
vacat on and.lontforgetthe photos
l\,lom's

te

Two students (A and B) invent a story about


what they did last Saturday from 4-7 p-m.
The other students cannot hear what they
are sayinB.

Allthe other studets

are detectives.

They ask A questions (B can't listen) and


take notes. when A doesnt know an
answer, he./she has to invent one.

Now the class asks B questions about what


he./she dld and tries to find "mistakes" in
the alibi.

'.., . ,,r..,;".rto,l

Sn,r,

;..,r. r'!r.i
clasr ii!.. eiafedl

B.

!r r.

B: ine Bedrs and the Vikn+s.


clas: M6d[] fAlsd,d he P'ean ai.l the Lians
what happened .. I

+z

u*ru

'!

leCk y0uP
v0cabutaf'y

GTAMMAF
a

Complete the dialotue with the simple


past form of be.

A.You) w9!9u:t
afternoon.

B:

at schoolyesterday

Where l

up down es+ on

vou?

at home. There'

a soccergame on telev s on.

A:!

iagoogame?

B: No. it 6

f-f6l

Complete the sentences. Use the simpLe


past form ofthe verbs.

n 1950.

off

Lets go
want to stay home.

Leo, look at alL your books on the floorL

This bag s very heavy. lm 8,tr ng to put


for a m ute.

lts col today Yo! should put

lts hot in hre m Eo n8 to take

toniSht. I don''t

Both teams
awf!LL

Complete the sentences with the


words in the box.

thre rye!9

(be)199.854

people at the World Cup r'lnal between


BraziLand UrLrguay in R o dlan ro.Thel
(ree) a great game. but Braz

my nreater

lu

(not win).

lt

Fill in the puzzle with names of sports


What is the rystery word?

The Swed sh athlete oskar Gomar Swann


(become) famoLrs when he

(w n)a sllver medaL n shootinS

at the OLyrp c Games in Atwerp in 1920.

Ne

(be) 72 years old.

At the l98,1Olympi. Games ln Los An8Les


(w

CarlLewis

n)fo!r

goLd

the hrst rolnd of the long lump Le!\

h"

(lump) 8 54 meters After that.


(stop) Nobody can beat me,'

.-

he......_____.

t........

(sav).

(go)to the moves last

Victor

A:What

{say)to

you yesterday?

you

(ree) Alylsa last

(not see)Alyssa. b,!t

No,

(see)lanrle
yoLl

\,fe
)ut we
;i:te

Yo! need s x players a batland a nt


to play th s game

You need a bike for this sport.

You do this in a pool

YoLr

do this in the mountalns ln w nter


s a wlnter team taae.

You 80

th

night?
B:

(not say)aIthlnS

B: He....--....

You do this on a b,oard n snow

n ght,

{not entoy) t very mu.:h.

but

(go) Last

tothe o.ean \alth 3 bcar fo'

sport

How dd you d0?


Check your score.

(8o)to New York C ty


(not 80) up the Empire

b,

OK

BuiLdi9.

t9

t08

16
UN T6

4i

I
/

don't hove to
Vocabulary: jobs, work and moneY
hove to

Read and tsten


Look at the photos. Match the People with the iobs

Write

l-4

in the boxes.

athlete 2 actor 3

bus

nessperson 4 Tvshow host

Peopte (ever

poticiais) Liter to her

Alt the peopte on this Page are


"sLrccessfut" in some way. TheYre very
djfferet people and they do different
jr comron
things, but what they have

But if we sav "This Person is


successfut," what do we reatly rnean?
ch?
Do we mea that the Person
Do we nean that she oI he is famous
and everybodv Iecoqnizes them on the
street? 0r do they have to be vety. very

WaLtlry

is

reator of Ama2on..on
A famous face

say

Listen to six
about
talkng
teenaters

that they are'tuccessful"?

success. Which things in

that'tuccess" is none
just being happy,
Us
of these things.
ad it doesr't ratter if you are ch or
famous or ot. After alt, there are a lot

Some peopte say

Exercise 1d does each one

talk about?
SpeaLer I

of "successful" people who aren't very


hppy, and tots of happy People who

Speaker 2

Number woment
player in 2008

arenl "successfrtL.'

tenis

Speaker

Spea[er 4

l'/hat do you think?

Speaker

ln what ways are the peoPle above different? ln what ways are

they similar?
Read the

nY movies

e ,mt

good at the things that they do for us

to

ir

text quickly. Find three thinSs that can mean "success'"

What do you think success means? Check {/) the thinSs that you
: r nk are necessary for someone to be "successful" Then compare
.:-r ideas with a partner.
being

ng famous

ntLLiSent

doln8 what yoLr xnt to do

be n8 Sood at $hat yoLr do

enjoylng yoLrr Life

Speak-.r 6

Think ofsomeone you


know who is successful
but not famous. ln what
ways is this person
successf ul? Discuss Your
ideas with a partner

Gnammar

'lc have to

don't hove to
fror the readint and listeninS texts. Complete the rule

Look at the examples

dant hoveto be lamaus ta be


'/a have to enjay yaLtr tlark.

dt what yaLt do.


tau don't have to be intelli]ent

You have ta be goad

,,'yoL,/we,/they

to 80

have

8o

.ne

if

Nse
s

re
_h

/you/we/lhey

l/yar/we/lhey
(do not)have to 80

have to Bo?

he/5he/ t
(does not)have to Eo

to

s necessary'

to

he,/she,/ithave
go?

sLl.cessfLtl.

Yes

l/loLrlwe,/they

No,

/you,/!ve,/the!

\ir
No.

he./she/

(do not).

he.',5hE,/t

(oes not)

speak
a Write / for the things you have to do at home.

1o say

Lse

'/aLt

and the table.

Write X for the thints you dont have to do.

sa)r

s snt necessary'

:rmplete the sentences. Use


'.,e/hos to ot don't/doesnt

!o! lvant tc work n the


S.. yo'J dv? o speak

.-ro Egl
.r! s ster

sh

!p

at the sare t rne on


weekend
the
as on weekdays

get

has a young baby

get up durlnS the nlght.

My friend gets Sood


test scores, but he
hard. ln fact, he never studies

before

test.

Tomorrow ls Sunday, so

8o

to

schoo[. Greatl

uniform. lt's dark blue with


white shirt.

At my cousins' schoot, they

take care of (pets./ brothers and

',,,,.,',' wear a
uniform. They can wear what
''-',,,,'

ihey want.

Work with a partner. Ask and answer questions about


the activities in Exercise 4a.

Pr0nunGiati0n

A: On the

!@

B: lla.Idan

Pronun.i"tion
:ection starts on Pate 114,

sters)

yeekend da yau have ta


Eet up at the sae
as on weekdays?
t. But

ttne

Icdnt stay in bed allday!Vr'hdt abaut yaLla

!' n get up latet but I have to do yard work on Sundays.


1

v0cabulany

a EEIE

Match the names ol the lobs


iIEe pictrres rboue. write I-12 in the
boxes. Then [isten, check and repeat'

I englneer 2 saLes clerk 3 nurse


4.. (do.o 6T8hat'dd
7llrer 8 Flt 9 dentrst
tO 'eBnlL, 'l ro hr ') orrfi '

'

ffi

soeaL

between
El D![[l[ Read the dialoSue
tttd.nts. fill in the blanks with the
Then listen and
o*o

phrases from the box.


check your answers-

wrlte the names of three more jobs you


are iterested in. Use a dictionary or ask

Engtish be a Pilot not sure


st Pood Erades nLsh school
i ,t" ia*l- ono phrs \ tsd/. ro do
speak

your teacher.

What do yo! want to be when You

J/

when we u I bout obs n En8l

Lina: ReatLy? What do You'


that?

'h w"

ohen use d,
Mv motheis a nurse.

JuLio: You have

bfore rhe lob

;a b

bs an en|ineer when I leove

to'

s'toal

yoLr?

c D@l
]ffi-",

to lour teenagers' whi( h


on" *"nt to do rn the future? Fill
"".h
rnthe blanLs wlthfour ofthelobs ln lhe box

lot

in8er do.tor

tennls PLaYer v-"t


computer proSrarmer fl tht attendant

Luke:

Mla:

Sam:

UNITT

and You have

reatlY weLl. What

What do

YoLr

about

want to do?

but

lth

nk

Work with a Partner Continue the


dialotue between Linda and rulio. Use
the phrases in the box. Then practice
the whole diatogue.

aninrats study for ive Years


at blolosY
8et Sood 8rades be Sood
L

Listen

tea.her

to

Le

Partner. Find
to be- Use the
wants
he./she
out what
dialotue between Linda and Julio
to hetp you.

L.j work with a different

'f

Read
Look at the photos. Answer the questions.

I
2
I

Do you know who the person

What do you know


aboutJoey Logano
sice 2009? Tetl
the class.

Work in troups_. Make


a lst ofthree people
who became famous
when they were young.
Makes notes about
each ofthem. Then tell
the others in the class
about them and why
you chose them.

s?

\,Vhat is the sport?

Wh), do you thnk the text ha5 rhe 1ir e Rr.rE

Read the

. j-..iJl

text quickly and check your ideas.

text atain. Answer the questions.


Where doe5loel LoSano irve?
When d h start.ompet n8 n ra.e5l

Read the

I
I
I
4
5
6

How old was he when he set a re.ord at the AtLanta Moic Sp.edoav?
What dld Mar[ Mart n 5ay about himT
When d d Losano start racng w th NAsCAR?
How old was he when he wo the Nat on',l, de Series?

;Start your engines! The ra(e begins . . . oey togano is a young man with a big career.

l., was born io 1990 in Conne.t(ut and now live5 in North (arona n the Unted Stales. When roey
. E six, he 5larled racing smll (ars in @mpettions. He began to wo many races, but lhey weren,t
t r(es. Hir parents decided to move to Atlanta,6eorgia,
E
soroey could aompete in bigger and better
. -llettons. When he was '12, he set a record by winnnq 14 race5 n a row at the Allanla Motor
i;Fway. He contnued to win many races, and eventually began racng wth regular-sized (a15.
ra(e

ri"- When roey was 15 yeari old, he met the race car drver Malk Marln. Martin is famous NAS(AR
*r I{AS(AR s the National asso(iaio lor stock Car Auto Ra(ng, and it i5 lhe biqqest and most
Ir (ar-ra(ing organization in the United States. Mart was enthusasti( aboutjoey and thought
LB "the realdeal." He sad, "t am ab5olutely, 100-per(ent po5tivq wthout a doubt that he (an
LE of the greatest that ever ra(ed n NASCAR. l,m postive. There,s no doubt n mind.,,
t nn was right. roey started as a NASCAR drver in 2007. NAS(AR has many ra(es, and at frst,
Ft' Er ony able to compele in smaller races beaute of his age. ln hi5 first NAS(AR,eason, he won
afu+io5hip.

ln 2008, he ws able to .ompete in bigger NAS(AR (ompetitions. He (ompeted i


top NAS(AR racn9 seriej (aled the Nationwide Seres, ad at .18, he be@me the youngest

-dtie b t{atonwide Seres hstory.


G
t 20Ot he be(ame the yonge5t wnner another top NASCAR racng series (alled the Sprint
Q i.riet aod he also won th Nationwide Seres for the fifth tme. Io be one of the best drivers n
t E&y ol r.ing,loey has to win many more ra(es. But at 19, he,5 off to a good start.

.EU

Bead and tsten


-

Match the words in the box with the photos and captions.

mowing

!
c

lawns 2 delver

ng

newspapers 3 babys tt

what do the five thinSs have in common?


which job (or jobs) above involves:

.omputer?

5
2 v/alklng?
3 abcycLe? 6

carry n8 th ts?
Solng

to another person! house?

amal5?

Write]-5
a

dog wal[

Read the

in the boxes

ng

5 working onl]ne

text quickty and check your ideas.


Put the five jobs n the text n

order.'l = the job you would like


to do most, 5 = the job yog would
like to do least. Compare with
a parter.

Teenagers can deLiver

newspapers. You usuaLLy

de a ike around

neighborhood and leave a


11r,rspaper at each house,
Normally you have to
have your own bike. You
have lo get up early, too,
beaause peolle want to
read thei newspaprs

with their breakfastl

48

ffi soeax

vocabutary

*
a

Work and money

Complete each sentence with


the box.

tob ean fulL time

Saturday
pendinS

word from

h
pnf+-riF
llaste

roney save spend

She onLl works t\ao hoLrrs

the bank

eler) morning

job.

ad

to

ffi

it.

b,ed early on Fr days

like

to

don

t work at alL be.ause

becalse

've

8ot

nry parents give me

.ooo
t

I v b.o -, ro.t o
job
a

.- d"r "

.re-

a part tlme tob and a fuLL

me 1ob,?

sve money?

to spend money and to

v,,aste money?

do

n
tr
tr

lvhen he was yo!ng my !n.Le Erol


always wanted to be a po ceman.
but whe he ',Yas 18 he dec ded to
b," a dent st because dentst! earn

to earn rnoney and to spend money?


to 5pen money and to

lvhat o you tllie and d sl ke


about toLrr job?
Why did yoLr dec de to b,e a
entist, and what d d you have
to do to get the tob?
What do yo! have to
your tob?

What's the difference between:

I
:
I
I

wnite

your money by go ng to see

the job.

questions with the paratraphs.


Write l-3 in the boxes.

every month.

d'oi'

Talk for about halfa mnute about

Read the questions Hakan asked


his uncle. Then read what he wrote
about his uncletjob. Match the

my roney on .Lothes and CDs.

''o'l .

job.

work every Saturday to


go

List the tood thints about this job,


and some "not-so-good" thints, too,
ad think about why you want to
have this

pdri trme
V/hen have some money, aluays put
t's just

choose aobthatyou wantto do


when you nish school.

more rnoney. To be a dent


Lr

rt

he

to Study hard fo.ve


',ersitt ard take a Lot of exars

hd

his

years at

tob mt

Lrn.L has

to .len ad

6x peopLes teeth and somet mes


he has to puLLthem out He doesn't
h:re to get up very earLy, but he has

to rork hrd LrslaLLy from l0 00 n


the morni8to 7:10l the eve E
from Monday to Saturday. ts a futl

: ::es adults
- s,F"
"

He I kes hi! lob be.a!se he never


has tc iake h s work home and he
reets Lots of peopLe. One th ng he
doest Lle 5that he.ant really
taLk to hl! patents be.ause he it

pay teenagen to mo r their

job D' ou F yol qa a - o:'


: .:.is. Mow a la1/n carefully and people
.:.: you to do it again. Then you have
.: :rstomeIs, because grass ahyays growsl

',,ork

[]
rE:o ealn

r=But

n8

rsie their

mo!ih!l

Ask a friend or family member about


his,/herjob. Then wrte about it usinS

the information you tet. Use Hakan!


questions and text to help you.

Count and noncount nouns


a/on and somei much and many; some and ony
Vocabulary: food and drink

Q
E

neao and tisten


Think of thints that can help PeoPle live a lont time
and compare with a partne. Then read the text quckly
and check your ideas.

t'

A long qnd heqlthg life


wars to be healthy ard live a long trme But how
we do iP Some years ago, a go-year'oldAmerican writer
Bve some advice tora long and healthy life:
)

.
.
.
.

The lMediterranean diet is very healthy,too.lt consists of


vegetables, lomatoes, iemons,fih, beans, ga ic, cheese,
yogurt, rice and pasta. The fat in this diet is "qood fat"

Itcomes from olive oiland from fish.

Believe n yoursell

So, what do these two diets tell us?

Keep your mind active


Be positive.

Love people and enjoy helping others.

like fats n

sweets, fried food ad meat.

The women of Okinawa, n Japan, are another gfeai example.


They tive a longtime,they are very fit and they don't have

many diseases or heart problems. Their secret? They

exercise every day, they don't have much stres in their lives,
and, in general,they are positve and active.

Don't use much oil when cooking.


lf you use oil, use a good one lke
o1.

And avoid deep-fred f00d!

lfyou're a little hunqry, eat an apple


or a

potatoes. They eat some meat, but they don't eat any tat

from the meal. And they eat seaweed. fhis contains many
different vitamins and minerals and is good for your heart

Eat healthy carbohydrates


vegetables, fruit, potatoes, rice.

olive

But of course, diet is important, too. The okinawa women


eat tofu, fish, green vegetables, carrots, truit and sweet

Don't eat any bad fats

caoi - not

a bag of potato chipsl

Eat well,live an actve and stress{ree

life, and you'll live a long time.

tr f,![[!

Now read the text aSain and listen.


Answer the questions.
I Does the Amer.an ,rrlter I ve adv ce for yoLrr nrind or )our body?
2 Why do the women in ok naw L!e a LonS t me?

I \,vhy is seaweed Sood for you?


tr r'rrhere does the tat.ome from in the Mediterranea

Do you know any people


who are very old? Tell
the class aboutthem.
Talk about ther lifestyle
and diet.

diet?

_t

vocabutaf,y
apples carrots et8s meat fru t
bread !e6e+ab1e tornatoes oran8e jui.e
beans onions sugar rineralwater rice

ffiffi

Write the words under the


pictures. Then lsten, check and repeat.

.r)
"-\.

-!-

r --,

"ffi

tt

c/ \

El a, @
/. 1"'r \
Fi
L
o
I F4''
g

':-,''

a-

vcaelqblet

W ffi

/@\

,zW) ,-.1ii')

(@g// lirr'.f*,tr'
\-/

Gnammap
'ts
",N

Read tlE rule. Then undertine the count nouns


and (circle) lhe noncount nouns in examples I-4.

o,/qn and some

Look aSain at the examples in


Exercise 3a. Complete the rule with

count or noncount
ElrLE: ln English, we can count some nouns:

ane apple,two bananas,three caats, etc.


We callthese words .ourt /]ourr.

We use a,/.i,r with s nguLar


nouns, We userome

There are some nouns we can't count, for


example food and fruit. These nouns have
no plural. We callthem nancount nouns.

I
2
I
4

Eat an Applg or a carrot.

They do some exercise every day.


Some years ago...
The Oklnawa women eat 6sh and green vegetables.

Complete the

with words from Exercise 2.

Countnouns

with

pluraL

use rome

with

Complete the sentences with d. dr)

I
2

ke Jo,!_ :!: - -.. ::i-:


,,:-- -:.ds
nr 30 n3 t.:-::::-.

l'd

I Tf : :

:::_:'- :o

Noncountnouns

---:

nere are

. :: ]:::naS in the

:-. -..:s
::Tato

-:

bread,

cheese and
to make a sandw ch.

Littte huSry.lthink
orange.

t'lleat

tucn

we.a uqe m'r.h ad mlry n


netati!e 5entences and qlestions We
u5e mdny wlth pLuraL
We use mu.h w th

Look at the examples. Then complete the rule.


Dan t use much
They

dait

a1.

harc nany diseases at heart prcblems

How many meols do you eat a day?


Haw nuch water da you drt)k?

2---.-\

(Crrcld rl-e (orre.t woros n qLesr ons l-6. Then match the questions with the answers.

t ".," (,
\_-,/) ,....,.
2 la) nr.h / rnany potatoes do yoLr ',!t?
3 la trrch / i'any t me do n,e hare?
4 le lhcre nuch / manf peopie n the cafe?
6

lan! t,Li.h

.t)a.y

no"er

,,oLr

a Ye5. there are about 50


b 5r5.
c

No there snt

i,,:'

speak
Ask your partner about the thin8s in the quiz. For example:

Work with a partner.


Discuss the quiz questions
and choose the answers
you thnk are correct.

Da you eat a lat af habLtEer5?


Hov'r many hanburgers da yau eai ercty

onth?

Hart afte da yau e6t an apple?

"h

-\

{-lj

,-

mffim

PF0nunciat0n

school cafeteria. Wrte down what Annie and

Pronunciation
section starts on paSe

Listen to the dialoEue at the

Jack ask

114.

tisten
d Dffiffi

for

Jack:

_',1

Match the dishes on


the schootcafetera menu with the
pictures. Write the numbers l-10. Then
listen and check.

GPamman
a

Look at the examples frorn the dialotue.


Complete the rule.
I d itke sane

yogurt pledse.

t d irke same carrots.

\le datit

ltave any carrats taday

Do ya ant any dessert?

\ryith on.ount ad

re

rs,.,;i ,r rse

oLLrraL

noun5

. ririr"r:ile

lenten.es n ,1e -!. L\ -ie


errr.e se^:..e; r_d c.e5t o-s

in

(,
Lb

Complete the sentences rlth Jome or dry.

r
2

"-d
hre

monet

A: Do we have

homework tonitht?

B: Yes, we have

grammar exercises

Mario bou8ht
but he didn't buy

new socks last week,


shoes,

A. Lett listen to
B: OK D d you

music,

brint

CDs?

sandwiches. The
cheese, but I don't

I
lrench

5
6
7

friesl

Veetadaq cttfiY and tlce

ln Exercise b, who orders a healthy lunch.


Annie orlack? Discuss in a smalltroup.

Wcrk w th a parter. One ofyou works in the


.aeter a The other one orders a meaL. Then
aha.te roles.
Look at the menu in Exercise 6a. Choose what

Chicken attd
Cheesebrq,et

speak

lil

Use these expressions

What \\a|d yau

what else?
Here yau are

to help you.

like7

Can I have.. .. ?
t d lke . .. pledse.

rhanksl

u*rs

f;tr

Two scooDs 0f Ge cneam


wffi,ffiffi 8ead and tisten
ai

Look at the photostory- who do you think orders a double ice cream, Emily or Matt?
Read and lsten to fnd the answet

Matt
Lt's

I reatly like com ng here.

nice after a lonS day at

school.
Emly: Yeah. And today was
a LonB day. That class this

afternoon with Mr.lac[son


.. wowl

Matt Didnt

you tike lt?

how many cLasses are we


goinS to have about food and d et and stLrff?

Emily: t was OK. But, I mean

Matt: Yeah, know what you ean lts jmportant thouSh

Emly: 5!re, of.ourse it is.


But then looli at the
dsse(s on the mnLr
Em

to it, but it

Emily: Ad there's thi5 LittLe


vo.e inslde ry head.lts

iatinE

Bad. badL" And

ly: tr} ol

t
probLeml.,Lrst order t\,/o s.oop5

so!nds Lte Mr .la.ksonl

of

ce creanr '/ith chocoLate saLr.e

Emlly:

Mait: Absotutelyl Look, I know a 6ood diet is imPortant. Butyou have to enjoy
life as welL
rDs of ice cream with chocolate sauce? lsnt that
: lDs

Emily:

ali

Mark the statemets 7(true)or F (fatse).

I
2
3
4
5
6
7
54

Emily and Matt are at the caf after school.

Th.) l-d -d aDo .r boo "nd dret r '

".

roo\,

ll

Erily thinks they have too many classes about food.

Mr.lackson says, "Bad, badl" when Erily looks

atthe menu

n
Matt is not serious when he says you have to enjoy life.

Matt

has a probLem w

th ice cream wth chocoLate sauce.

Matt only orders ice cream with chocolate sauce once a month.
UNIf 8

$ evenvdav Enstsh
E

Fid expressions

I-6

ImDP0vsati0n
Work in groups of three. Take two minutes to
prepare a short role play. Try to use some ofthe
expresslons from Exercise lOa. Do not write the
text. lust agree on your ideas for a Short scene.
fhen act lt out

in the

photostory. Who says them?


Match them with the expressions

a-f
t...andstuftQ

2
3

know whatYou mean.

problemln

No

+,qbsolutelyll
...

c
e
f
L!l

Matt and

Use one

...

...

Basic idea:

,", V,
",

s as well.l l
o a coupte of f]
a Yesl
...

s|turion

..
I a aa

Roles:Matt. Em i)

'-::.::

'."

Em ly ha!e

lL!t

c'::'.. :_: ::

ofthese sentences to start the

conversationi
Mr.Jackso:Emlly? Matt? Matt: Helto, [,4r.]acl5on
Would you L ke to loin
what a surpise

to
herel

9ee you

and things like that.

Dont worry.

us?

Beach 0u

understand you.

Red the dialoSue. use the


expressions in Exercise 104 to

it

complete

Paular l'm really tlred. Too much workl

t
)ulian: I kltqu yvhqf Yaa meg, .
did three hours of homework
njght. French, math

Last

Paula: Me too. But I watched soccer

on TVr
Julian, Really? So yorr d d your
homework after the game?

Hof'

d d you stay awake?

just drank
Jullan: 50,
Pul:
I

'

tr

.offee keeps you awake?

How well do you know Emily. K m. Matt and


Alex? Fill in the blanks with their names.

watch Episode 4 nd check if you were right.


doesnt

ke doing yard

wor[

says

dldn't go to steep for hours.

'r really tjred today, thoushL

Discussion box
Matt says 'iou have to
enjoy tife as well." what
do you thjnk?
How do you relax after
a lons day at schoot?

eats unheaLthity

th nks he./she lsn't overwe 8ht


eats s Sros.
says that what

..

wants

.._..

and

.. to stop

ar8uin8.
s

as a

worried that the group wont worI

tear at the 5enlor center.


d

dnt

mean

to be rude

ur.rre

f;

Write a paraSraph
about ore ofyour
partners. Use your
notes from Exercise 12
to guide you. Here is
an exampte.

ffi

a]s ;hr meals

Ctol thrnks

ff.

tt's m2orian;1c stav

uek. 51,"e sL!l5 (hd rlds iier


icr u,alks on th o-sknC.

tast Dut not least:

a day. 5i. ats a loi of

salaC and
vegetable;, iur rc-; muh nat. ll f1s.arrot5l 5h.1e5n't
; al lot cf sruks, bu; 5l{ son}l+lm5 las l cram or sons
occ\aie. 5e drnks a-bcut eqht glasses of untar a day.
C.roJ

wnite

'Dik,

5he lavs br:.sketball cnce


-ico, nd sh nj.ys
_qoln9

mone sDeaking

Read the followinE questions. Take three minutes

to think about your answers. Make notes.

-'-./

/)

r
your favorite eating place (a reslurfit,
place, your gnndnui[ \rat do you 6pef,ially li
the place and why (the food, the peoplep

Whidr

is

lmagne you haveyour own restaurani. What is it

What kind of food and drink do you serve?

.
o
.

What is the style like?


Who are the people working there?
What does lt look I ke?

lmaglne you are ln a restaurant wlth a famous person

o
o
UN]T 8

Who

ls

the person?

Where is the restaurant?


What are you talkint about?

Ask and answer the questions

with three other people


n your class.
c

Share your favorlte ldeas with

the

cLass.

Gheck youp pnogness

Ig
a

ffi

Gf'ammar

Complete the setences. Use


have/has to ot don't/doesnl
have to.

You

ha'/e

vocabutanv
Fill in the puzzle with words for food and
drink. Whatt the mystery word?

ia

LrnerstadlThere ls no \\,ay

fyou ,rant to

you

80

to co

Lete,

study

hard

she

b,uy a

.omputer She can

Lrse nry

Students at rost schooLs

Entlan

oiL s a tood o Lio use when

alv,e
cookinS.

understand what you

sa

You

The,v

rome

fror

cn ckers and vou can fry

ther'

tett m aSainl

5-.r8io wants

to be healthy

He

A lot of peopLe pLrt th s n .offee

A lot of peopte dr

abort what he eats.


help
me with my,,ork. .a do
it by myself

6 They are orange and they Ero'r

can't

bLr),

have

mur

troLrnd

A round fru t that is usuaLly red or green.

9 Chicken, lamb and beel for exampLe

t0 Food that we set from the ocean.

dn orngc

it ldont

i the

the supermartet.

r,/

lu .e for

d llke a tLass of mineraL

b 6lJ the correct words.


r she: buyrns a ./ QnD rruit at
Ca Ihale

nk

Put

the letters n order to find the names of

jobs.

lpito
Ho'/Y murh

mdny tomatoes

Mu.h./ Mdr! peopLe !e i th

.ty
f yo!

v,,anr someth ng

wrayel

riSefhtifr

eerening

to eat

hale d ,/ rme sad\;.h


We ha're d ,/ iom? eggs bLri ,\,e
don t hale mu.h ,/ mdry brea

How did you d0?


check your score.

\\/e don t have rom,?./ dry

tod:t. WoLrLd yo! Lke


same ,/ ony.arrct\?
Our tea.her ne,.ergi\,es !s
Jm,/ inl -omerfork before
appLes

the x,eekend 5he, !'eat

fFI

good

o(

t4 I
t6-rl

@l

r.i"."
8

'l

l
|

?:r!:',1

.r

r:

57

.-

Phonetc symDots

lCE

lrl

tabl,

t.t/

different, ride

I
2
3

game, do8
vSetabls, favor

CL

l\l

te

tnSlsh,1og
sit, penril

laundry 5nrall

lvl

your,

tht
tot
tt

three, math

usuaLLy

faihei th

tl

ht

shop, station
televion, Sarage

/dzl

junrp, dama8e

/{/

hair

Listen and repeat the

sentences.

tter

lkl

ls/
tft

@ove)

Listen and repeat the words.

d W

hobby

b cycLe,

lhl

/h/ how hl house here have has

purple, appLe

tr

A W

Consonants

CJ

unt

Vowels
bad, taxi

Ken has brown hair.

Hi,lack. How are you?


Henry lives here. He lives in a bi8 house.

unt z con/can't

B W

Listen to these sentences.


Notice the pronunciation of can and conI.
Listen and repeat

I
2
3

Can you swim?


I
I

can swim.
canl swim.

tr lt?f@

Listen to the sentences.

(l-Q

the words you hear.

1
2
3
4

/ con't) play the plano.


./
can't)ny!.
Ican
lCan / Con't ) tey paifl
Ollvia I can

Phl

(.dn ,/.dr't)speak ltalian

Rex and

O Unt
tr m

^/artin

lnl (moa) and

lr.,l (soosl

Listen and repeat the words.

/n/ man fun town lapan tisten tallan


/\/ thing sont slng morn ng wrtinS

dish 5it

/it
good, fuLl

tr Hffi
I
2
3

Listen and repeatthe sentences.

Jenny likes dancinS and pa ntlng


Dan entoys runnin8 in the mornlnt.
We sinS songs tor tun.

strawberry, dauShir

Vowels

O unt

/r/

tr f,![@

ll (ws!td\
Listen and repeat the words.

her world work tearn birthday

:heir

tr f,!![!

Lsten and repeat

the

sentences,

lr

I
2
3
4

DphthonSs
play,trln
ice,

ffi
,

l14

PPONUNC ATON

i8ht

They vol'rnteer

aLL

over the world.

He atways works hard.

Lear these wordsL


Do you know her other friends?

other

I
o

) unit s was and were


ffiffi

Listen to the sentences.

what

vowelsound do you hear? Listen atai


and repeat.

I
2
3
4

Erin was an American woman.

There were a lot of papers on the table.


Was the water cLean?

Were the people sick?

b ffiffiffifi

Listen and check (/)the vowel


sound you hear.Then listen a8an and repeat

I
2
I

lol
I

was unhappy.

We were tate yesterday.

Ws

nolsy?

mffi

Listen to the sentences.


Write the words in bold in the lists.

I
2
I
4
5
6

We walked a long way.


We vsited an interestinS museum
used a red pen to do the test.
We wated another hambur8er.
I watched a great movle last nlght.

f,![@!
I
2
I
4

Li.t"n

"nd

repeat the senteces


C,':l

to 80.
You don t hale lo shout.
He doesn't have to come.
We hav to lear EntLish
have

=
tr

ET

trl

a W

The most common vowel sound


in English is /a/. Listen and repeat.

breakfast bacon tomato


d

et

bann

vegetable

b EMffi

Listen and undertine the syllables

withthe /a/ sound.Then listen

aSain and

repeat.
a

carrot

an

oranse

a Lemon

some apples some on ons a tot offrult


a tot of potatoes a lot of ve8etabLs

My painting was awful, so lstarted aga n

ldl

latl
n!
nn
nn
nn

Usually, hove has a /v/ s ourd, but in hove ta /


don't hove to,ithasa/f/ sound. Also to has
the weak sound /a/.

!,

or

ltl

ltd/
y\ited

.qYLdMl# Look at tf,e |st How many


syllables does each word have? Liste and

I suring I sports 5
: basketball 4 cycling 6

b HfUIiH

skateboard ng

.hampion

write the words in the lists.

Then listen again and check.

a.

4..

PRONUNC AT]ON

rll

i.!r

Pnoiec 1
E

A poster about student [ife

Q anainstonm
@

vou are going to make a Poster


and ttve a Presenttlo about
student Life. Work in a SrouP
offour or five. ln Your grouP'
decide on a toPic You all want
to work on For examPle:

6 !.hool 5uble.ts
e srhootsports
o scooL cLrts
a sco 'ules
6 lfee I me e.illlt es
. : - :.:f of'rtLr..

tr

r.rate

]Tl Find o, dr* prcrures for your loPl(' For example'


" ,o, ."n find p,arures From your schooli websrte'
n magazines or on the lnternet lf vou can t nd
photos, you can draw your own pictures

El

Write short texts for your Pictures For example:

e! lor

AE

List as mn! des as Yo.] ca for

your top c D scJss ea' ea a:


ha!e oe Person *rii 'a:9 ''
examp[e. f you choose:ne lc: :
"schoolclubs.' You can wrlte:

our 5.hoot

has l0.LLrbs

lour Poster write a title for your


:ar c Fc'etamolel
Arran8e loLtr P ctures and texts below the

f;or

ln fhe photosraPhy ct!b,

sl deshow instead

The photograPh) cLLrb meets o


rne.hess
Wedesdays at 5:0C

have a computer

to

L.lse.

title'

you can ma[e a

of a Poster

Q enesentation

Present your Poster or slideshow to the other


students in your class. Be ready to answer questions

about it.

PRO]ECT]

e'"aQ

At if'e :co of

ctub...
students lear:o tdke Pctures
ln the che5S club.

, a., :'

,a:,.,

:l^'

photosraPhY club the .hes!

the ooster

A presentation about a we[[-known athlete


1

Bnainstorm
Look through tlnits

5 8 to find

texts that tive information about people


Quickly read through these texts atain.
Think of an athlete you want to fid out about. Think about:
r.., rt sp.r:

nB

efents

,/oLr

hav,.5een on TV or ead about

p..jor tat .g prr: n one of thcse


rtrl tr s Der5on pressa lcrr

er'."ts

l,o

npessed you

Work in a group and ask one student to take otes. Brainstorm ideas to decide who you will
do your prolect o. What do you know about this person and what do you want to frnd out?

Reseanch

PFesentat0n

With a partner or o your own. frnd out


as much as possible about the person
you chose. Use the nternet or look up
information in books or matazines. in
a library or at home.

ln your troup. put toSether all the


nformation you have. Decide how

you will organize your presentat on.

r:i

Questions to think about:

\rhei a5 lre,/!he loml


!,/hat.an lcL lid oLr bo!t h !,/rer
f,/ht 5pori doei h-.,:t e
i,li
s

h;t uas r s./ rer r :ie!t

\\hl !!./]!
i,l'h:rt

th

ol

r:r..!!l

!er.i] :, :-.es;tr
k a of p,.rso 5 _:.:. .1
5

L)

_:,

a: - a:-::.,a-. - ,aa,:l

nna

!r. j,e:.rlat on :3c

Tal(e

t!rre prese.tlng tlre f.ts about

to

E,e

Fi !lr r.o!r 1r.,.lr:icn v, th ea.h


-e'r-ber .i the : olp sf 18 ,!rat
he,! r r ' rclL !c!t -l-e perso

,oo,ra-,

@|

lrregular verbs
Simple
past

hte
bLr

b,r!
a]iah

arl
dr,,e

.'r

wai/fierc
baarne
bega
b t
brc[e
L1
boLrtht
.oL
caught
ahcse
came
rui
d
dro'e
ate
fell
feit
f. .
le'\
8ot
Sare
'rrent
Srefi
hrd
.:
bLr

_r

RREGULAR \.'ER85

Past

Base

Simple

participle

form

past

been

F;i:

made

be..r

mel

beqLn

put

put

bittr

ead

rea

ro[.f

rde

bu I

run

pul
r dden

lay
5ee

5ld

.oLrLc

.aLrlht

seLL

sold

5oLd

sent

sent

sat

5at

bought

ahose
aonra
arrt

oe
rr !.

sen
sit
sLee
5Deai
lta

:a

5en

!ip.'
5prk!
iiooo

! cpt
5po[|

ltaa

ela,l

ri

r,

'..1:

i .
ilo,,r
gotte

8i':n
80nE

Lah
tea.h
te
ta l
thror

rook
irlst
toL
troLrst
threw
,rnderstand unerfooc
rv[
vroke

Srorin
had

hearc

hr

rr

t.

tak,'r

iauqFr

ro

thoL8lr

thror
urlers:oo

role

!!o

,rote

r.tten

BEM
:rl

l:

ffirR
ME

It3

F#

:p

CAITBRIDGE
uwrwnsrrr rxrss

.4

wetc0me
Q nememuen and check

Match the parts of the senteces. Then ch_"ck


with the text o Pate 2 ofthe Student's Book

C,

from Caada.

is

lack

from Guatemala.

2
3

,4.

from the lJnited States.

Cartos is
d

Ken and Barbara are

from ltaly.

cnamman
ffi *he

*
[]

verb be

Look at the information abot the summer camP


participants. Wrte sentences

Possessive adjectives

Complete the table with


possessive adjectives.
he
my

Student

CountrY

A8e

tolomb

19

1l

ahina

I6

The Unite Slate\

)49

Priya and Sita

ln a

ltl

Patrick and lLan

Canaia

t6

105

Name

L -"n

Dar

Lrs

t
its

E]

Undertine the correct words.


/ ,/ My live

i,/
/,/

2 ,! ,. .

Da:lLrs

Canada.

My name! Paullne.
My brother Andy has a Pet

mouse. He,/ H;5 keeps it in he

.','..:..::,:.
-

they

/ r
+l-ttl
,, -X . ,.,
',- -^.,
Pari,, a^d Arn

f"'

h5

- ..:l:!1"' "

r losier

"""

4 i' e
'' r '!'
'bo!t
I er ts
s '/ '/ Or| don r ha\,e a og
'
re I -

,:

ir,' i

"

Unclejoe and Aunt Sophle

llveir

Asrralia. They

hause is

{ea\l

They

Ther

fheir

want us to vlsitthem next Year'


UNIT]

*The
d

verb have

Look at the tabte and write setences.

form of

Use the correct

lordan

hdye.

Heten

t Tl?ta t5
2 -)l\k ). J

Sreen eyes

ab8famLt
a

b.)cLe

dos

blar[

a b

: lofa i t:e l\
a table next

ha r

1i]j-,( r I..i

ttle brother

ri1r.r,r., i,i two

II-T

.iil:.r1

of

nE rocnr

to the sofa.

1l !tj ?-{ two books on the table.


4 "futq r- ,\f a bag under the tabte.

a lot

Complete the sentences wlf there is ot therc


dre. Then :-circlithe items n the picture that are
different from the sentences.

DVDS

bedroom

lordan,/ green

eyes

l9rdql dpes!:t hsyg greeo

Helen,/ a little brother

HeLen

,/ a lot of

lamps behind the sofa.

I f-L two dogs on the sofa.


i'.:

::!.J

is a cat between the dogs.

eye5,

DVDS

dg-df

,,:"hs,

three pes in the ba8.

)oran

lordan and Helen,/ btack hair

a bicycle

-'c'

{l., *.r l+onx t.{nrK0


6 HeLen,/ a bi8 bedrooJ

IZ

]tlrrl.q rxq
)ordan

L!
8

,/ a bit family

dr

lordn and HP Pn ,/

,l,"rt")

oc

dq,,

-.:.

,. J"i

il

+
/Lr--

UnderlinetheprepositionsofplaceinExe.:

j: :

v0cabutany

coioi's

ill
-

Find th" 10 .olort in the wordsnake


and (rde) them'

your own information'


Answer the questions with
is Your desk?

What color

your room?
What color are the walls ln

What color is Your ba8?

what color
5

What

thr,h

is Your Phone?

is Your favorite

colo

Rooms and furniture

(cir.t l tl.,ns, vou can fnd


lc
'--I ln=i house
(e I or r)'
s

E] L

f
B

@
I

write the

s.

L)

names

*or" th"n on.e' th"n

Listen' check

\,

ofthe rooms'

fhis roor usualt has a sofa' chairs


and aTV

lMngroan

the

dialotue wirh
: I E!flfit conPlete4athe
Youwill usesomewofds
ffi;Er"r.ise
and rePeat'

ib

h'

I Hj, rY name ls Helena


2 How are You?
3 Henry has a blg hous_''
4 Do You tive here?
5 How rnany brothers do You have?

1
I

crr'le :he words rhat \tarr \tith


tr D![[!t
Then listen and rePet'

() ()

@ i.enonunciation
lhl (lyvel

r,l

ln rooms

o-

o,u-+-* * ,'1orl*l

This room sually has


a fridge, a siove and a snk

Hi , ' -c\1 .
- ' .'tJ
- d..
Henry: Hi,r

Helena:

..

i1h,.r

This room usalty has

l'm fine. Do You live

atable

No, that'sJoe's

and chairs.

dJ41{e':::-''-r

Helena:

Hery:

\i.,:-"+o^,

Helena: Reall/

and sonreumes a desk and a chair'

UNITI

1 .."
..-.1_

1
.

Wow!HehasabiS? ',-"!- Prg'-D'orhers


rlno^.tles \.

This room usually has a bathtub,

Thls room r-rsualLY has a bed

are

and sisters.

s't
sisters do Youo . ::'.-

Henry

many brothers and


1

cuttuPe n mind

Correct the nformation. Then check with the text o page 6 ofthe Studentt Book.

Vera has a ralL room


Vere hsi .s

There

Tr sh's room ls ver\, .Lea

s one

bed n Kwans room

bi{ [asn

Vera has a green rug n her bedroom.

\Fr

"nd ri.rh eposrer,t_rhet.oons.

Trisht favorite thin8 in her room

is her black

desk.

K, sherPs

a room

v/ith h \ ! ster

There are clothes on Trish's

comorfe.

3 Study hetD
Words in a d ctioary are i alphabetical order. Sometimes vocabulary lists ln books are in
alphabetical order. too. For example. irreEular verbs are listed in the back of your Student's
Book on pate 122 in alphabetical order. Uslng alphabetical order helps you 6nd words easily.
You mi8ht want to ortanize vocabulary words in your notebook in alphabetical order.
a

Put these words in the

correct place ln the

chair bathtub shower


!

bed

sofa

cabinet

table

"k

Now put these words tn alphabetical

sink

J,rnttSr(

J.rq,r

ib

order.

bsfhfi)b

d*,t,

list.

red gray

black

oran8e ,^/hite

yeltow

>\gTLW

[.f

widow

+;rrfK

lrud
.\"\1,.1. L

.1r

\fu
UNIT]

ii

t)

otr

fiead
Read the

title and look

at

the pictures. Where does the family

live?

The SleePers Sleep in a Cave!


in
familY
The
n
cav.. Cuitis
threc
SleeDer

a
lives
Deborah
SlecPer,

ndtheir

Sleeoer

chilrcn live in a houst inside


a cave in Nlissouri in the
United States. Thclr house is
very big. It has an! things
that most houses have bedrooms, a kitchen. a ljving
roo and a lot ol lrnilure'
It even has large windows
and a fuont door. However,
thc walls oI the rooms are
Dari oI ths cave, so thc
inside thc house lootr
'ooms
unusual. MaY of the rooms
inside the hosc are unnsal'
Thc Sleeper's hotlse is cool
ir1 the summet and warm
js also very
1 the winter' lt
quirt. (\ccPi $hen Clrrtis
and Dtborah's son rs
playing musicl

tr
I

text and answer the questions'

Read the

1 where is the house? !,sc1v' i! Mi,5a-t!ll'


2 How many PeoPle live ln the house? > A&}
hat are some rooms the house has?

who

Plays musc?

@
.

Read

the directlons carefJlly Are

you sure You know what You have


to do? What do YoLr have to wrlte
abor]t? How much do YoLr have

to write?

wnite
the SleePer
vfrite an email to one of the children in
mily- tnclude this information:
PartraPh

I
cns about the cave house

fhink about what You are Sornt


to write. Are there any words You
donl know in EnStish?
Tetl a partner what You are Solnt
to write about. Does he'lshe

understand YoLrr ideas? Ask each


other questlons about Your Plans
and help each other wiih any
words you don t know'

-u

-l

u*,-,

Unit checlr
Q

ritt

the btanks

Complete the text with words in the box.

have

is blue

4,4xja

my

the United States

has his our

Hi, n Eva.l'm from Mex co. My mother ls


^,1exi.r.
a sister ad a brcther shaearoomv,thr

: 'l:, '
.

/ooo o-l . o1-do c"::'_


ownroom but rssmatl., 1]l,r l
house sblg ts
E/erl summer we vist rySrandparents ',
. Ther h,ic.

(Q

Amercan
,

::ei

OLrr room is very b

.'.

g it

.o_r.. -'

:salotofs
-=

. .ri!t

rn 5an D ego

cnoose the connect answens

@tt"
I

correct answer: a, b or c.
from ltaly.

Raul

Mr Le

is

a.r,th r<oiea

South

Korea c

tlrc conputers

There

"u" si' qQ
4 There's a chair
ry desk.
a rn u q$G . between
a ls b h-e. .

windows

SoLrth Koreas

a s b ha,re c
\ vnere 5

hat

phoe

nry hoLrse

How miv 5isters do you

a 5 b hale c

ha5

She has a bi8 house, but

a her b hls c olr

reee

vocabutay
Underline the word that doesn't fit in each 8roup.
table

kitchen

desk

bathtub

!r

sink

dininS room

ietr

I haLL\\,al
4 gree
5 American

blue

small

China

nd an

desk

bed

7 Pqll:h
8 frlge
9 orarge

livinS

room

Japan

yellow

Colonrblan

blg
Guatemala

Canada

tabLe

!414

snk

pink

How did you d0?


Total:
Very 8oo

15

10

Review Unit I aSain


15

or

Less

UNIT

0f the nutes
Q nememueP and check

Read the sentences. Are theY


westside Pool rules? Write / (Yes)
or X (no). Then check wlth the text
on pate 8 ofthe Student! Book.

I
2
I
4
5

,ffi

Don
RL

t lhout

tr

n ln the pooL arer

Do I

rln nthePoo

area.

FI

Sho.rt at the I fetuard5

tr
tr
tr
f
T

Close the doors in the Pool area

Donljump into the Poot.


Listen to the lifeguards.

swlm in the swlmminS lanes.

1O Ljsten to your frlends.

lmperatives

Make the lmperatlves netative.

...

Dgrlfjtlnp!

6
7
8
9

cnamman

*
@

Dont Lalgh

Close the doorl

5 ,,i|te rr

Open the window.

Runl

Adverbs of frequency

eralL

Corne inl

Make sentences from the lnformation in the table.

// - al a\\ // = rst)a\ \
/ = sometimes X = harly ever
l

Be

Lou sa

Ben

5ue

/././

/./

./.././/

get up earty

xxxx
5ten

eff.eLgsti aB e7rly.

to

xx

mLrsla

xxxx

XX
7

E]

t!

Sue

Ben

Louisa

lo

Sue

I]

Ben

Object pronouns

Complete the tabte with obiect p{orroms.


she

UNT

sue 7).(r\=

Underline the correct words.

lt,/

me about her day.

'I

Nellie always tells

lim llstens to muslc every day. He likes them

What do you want? I can help you

Where is Mary? Maybe you should callhim.z

Our Srandparents often Sive

Mike always read books. He laves them

ur./ it

her.

Prsents.

it.

ilc Can,/can't

!:

for ability

Complete the sentences. Use rdn-lror? and a verb from the box'

run +ea4 s ng

I like

lont books.

Look!our dos

,l

There s

5,!

cdn

Yrite

Gfn
vou L\-!i
,
5 My little brother Llf-ftj.r-!

read fasf.

dr l

fastl

Leti

go to the

name. Het

there or (netative and

pool.

7Y\

ont

his

three Years old.

uestionsl + o/on/ony

Complete the questlons wlth /r therp d ot Are there any lhealook at the table
and aswer the questions.

ALe

there

sry

, tr.lhE{.O.
. l f.hgf!

+ i

hla.xq

movie theaters inlacksonville?


dance clubs?

,l

danceclubs

))t]"

.. subway station?

lacksonviLL

les,t.here sre,...

tr staiion

Mr+1*,,/!..
S.1r,"D.!lJ-.q.

.oe sto'.a

Oh,.&sr.qr*t.r
u L, )-rlo g train statio?
7 nF 71rl4\ rflL.. post otces/
8 .(r,,'Li.,rlglo-1\ lrr bookstores?

mo!ie iheaters
bookstores

'2txvil
ltq:d..:i

cafs

-t$xt
"lt U.g're l

r.

{p vocabutanv
*

Activity verbs

Write the letters d, . i,


o, L/ ory in the blanks
to cornplete the activity
words.

I qp gn
2 .L

Use some of the words

from Exerc]se

1 I

Wlite

to compLete the

, , td.
My parents never

new words ln my notebook.


a book every week.

.]1

)w',-.t--!.'n to

( Or -

,-no

8o

5-

cani

i can walk ln these shoes, but I

Our teacher's funnY. we always

mus c

lt's sometimes hot ln my room at nl8ht, so

the widow.

5 I st
6 r__
7 i_mP
I l__th
9 cr
l0 wr t_
t] sh _t
t2 sm I

3a

sentences.

3
4

3 r_

E]

.oll ar

*
I

Places

Find seven places i the wordsnake and

\,onboo

:tor/Do,

o'n-'

-..
-

{r.Q tf'"t'

..a/^

-(,cgstot

'

\o'

's'u'oor,oL.".o"9n"

"d
d

Match the places from Exerclse 3c with the pictures

oct
,ffi:

l
2

--9

"

!lrrbr-..+ L)**

arG)

-,b.,gn

*Tme

bl

write each time two wavs.

*
f

."i

UN2

g
ffih>
.\-,,=,
\

s@

lir}9<Xr:"i+y'

Ttaiy'

C'

1,,"

q/
1,.,

o)

clothes and prices

write the names of the clothes and the Prices.

'!
study hetp

@ '*enonunciation
can/canf
tr f![l@

:t

Listen and check can or con't


Can't

Can

Spelling

Some words are pronounced the same in


EnSlish, but they are spetled differently.
They also have different meaninEs. These

words are easy to confuse. Remembering


these words will help you when you write

l
1

rn Englrsn,

it's = lt is
its = the possessive adjective form of

they re

their

your

it

they are

the possesslve adjective form of th?y


there = L.rse with thre ir and there are

tr f,![[t

Listen and write 6dn or

I Jodi. qq!

cdnt

run, but she

I
_

draw but

......

paint.

you swim?

Dav

oflou

our = the possessive adjecuve lorr ot w?


hour = 60 mlnutes

fast.
2

the possessive adjective form

play the piano. He

buy = to purchase somethinE


6ye = short for goodbye

two=2
too

play soccer

f'yday Engtsh

= also

(Cir(le)the correct words.

1
2
3
4

There ,/ Th"ir ) in my class.


I have a new dog. ( /! ./ /ts ) name is

(They're

Buy)mefhar sweater, please.


You can come to (our / hour)housefor
\Bye

dinner.

5
6

too )thlrty.
lslom(yau're / your ) brofhetl
lt's ( two

Write the words that are easy to confuse


and their meanints in your notebook. You
might want to write a sentence with each
word to help you remember how to use
it. Add others to your notebook as you
learn more English.

Complete the expressions.

r A: I
B:

don't we listen to music?


E:

OK.

2 a: I have two tlckets to a concert.

fhis pizza is terr,bleIt's not that

5A:
B.

You
help.

are treatl Thanks for the


B:

uNn,
_\"

I ll-l

t, ll

!.i

']

(p uisten
Listen to Mr. Trenton Sive instru'tions
Number the rules in the order you hear them'

f,![[[[

to students'

S neao

the rules for tic_tac toe. Then number the


game n the correct order' who won the Same
xs or Os?
Read

Tic-taC-toe
PJdy

.
"
.
.

'

rs

READING TIP
There are many ways to practice
readint in En8lish oltside the
classroom. Don't start with

an easy and fun game.

someth n6 lon& I ke a book Start


with sorethinS smatl. Make it ftrn

r,lith two people.

Draw a grd on a piece ofpaper

one pe6on

is X and one person

and easy. Here are sorne ideas for

reading practice outsjde the

O.

Tdke turns.
X goes

firt.

to

a 8ame. YoLr can

look on the lnternet.

X: Drqw an X in any spot

Read menus in EnSllsh frorn

0: Drdw a O in ny 5pot

lry to get ihree X5 or tnree O: i a roLr


top the other perron lr_ c5i: _.
three t a row

.
.
.

Try io

When you get three in a row,


#w a
through your three Xs or Os. yo Hh!

lE

Sometimes no one wins. We


sy.E
u o

il'lif l*u'u'u"'u*

cf

t"+

Read flyers

from stors.

Read short magazlne arucles.

"top ten" lists on the


lnternet or in magazines.
Read

Read short newsPaper articLes

Read comlc striPs in newspapers.

See if you can find and read rules

the lnternet or read


something else from the ldea llst

to

mrt
fl-l=l
lol
tr

or

even captions under Photos,

Start a new gamel

L]NT2

Read rules

cLass:

xolx

f-11
lo

tr

a 8ame on

at home.

unt checlr
(Q riu n rhs btanks
Complete the text with words in the box

rrn \O .-l+ ("nL 9i.rS 9:00 hm

alw"rs dre,se.
DeLiLah

ard Candy are sisiers


pLaf

:k rt5 and
, eeps unt

'

re), are ver! d ffeent Del

bLrt

dra, and paint ,!e . 3!t she


rports CanCy.arpi) ioc.e anC teni5 bLr5,. snrgcodaiart.De ahharalorof
aadl o.lr has pats and ,
Dei l;h Eels !p at 7:00 e,,,er), day Cand),
DeliLah L kes rhe library because she can ead a lot of bookr
for tree. Candy ha:

of books rhat she tets at the :


They have one thing in comron. They

Lor

,-'o

rI D

lah .an

-r -,:oo

B-

q.

she rsualy pay; about

fcr each book


rltthe r brother what to do. Thev teLL s

.lDo

.E

choose the Goprec answeps

@th"
I

the doo

.1

.orr"at

To

"nswer:

close b CLoses

a, b or c.
dance clubs

.@

aa ban

late to class.

islim'5 brrthday Let'r 8 !e


a Lrs b her . him

to tht.

j!mp into th pooLl


a Do b Dont c HeLp

There a oreL here.


a isrr b ari . a:\/

snron .n pa nr. bLrt he

a can b

.at

c ay

c or

a train station ln your city?

a lsthere b

There

is

c Arethere

v0cabutany
Vocabularyt Activity verb, places, time, clothes, money and prices
Underline the correct words.

I
2
3
4
s

Denny! shrrt is pink. and his poms


Don'i ru, ,/.1ore in ihe haLlway.
t 5 se'/en

seven

,u dress are bLack

thiiy a.lack.

That sweater ls seveneen

doliar ./ .?.1

Do yoL have a treen rweatet ./ thoesl

o rl-.-d.o.-ad

--a".
7 n,?.7d,/ Lirte,'l 20 pages to lhi
8 ' ap o o
9 The scarf is nrne doLiars -: .,:.

How did you rl0?


Total:

:-:::is

/:
\Y/

er

ori
! ".,1

.E
o(

t9

/: Pe. '/ llnr[r


\?-/ 5.
ts.

,.']

Q nememoer and check

Read the sentences about Keltie Lenamond.

E,/ ]sn'tfrom the Ljnited


has ve./six beeh ves.

Kellie

she

she has about 30.00a

on

Bi

2A:

typlcalday, Keltie feeds fhe bees before

after

dinner.

haney and

B:

J5 liters

Her bees produce abor.rt-10

ln the surnmer, Kellle sellsthe bees

Kellle'sftierds are

arer't scared ofthe bees.

3Ai

Linda's

really ...-....

We

Louise

(lke)the new caf-

(te1) nervous before

test at schooL.

plctLre: a.-:.:::_.:._:.-:e:
with the netat \e crrf. :':-: .-_::
Look at the

ai: .-'^_ :

I- --

He c

My aunt llkes dogs, buishe

I read newspapers, but

Mt parets \'!t.h nr..

-. - --

UN!T

B:

Matt likes trains, but he

They study biology

EnBtish?
Yes, he does. He speaks French

and talian, too.

Where
B:

...you

.?

llve in an apartment in ChicaSo.

When ..
B:

(8et uP) at 7i10.


brothers
My mother .-.. (write)chlldren's books.
our dog
.. (sleep) in the yard.
Mom and Dad ...... (drive)to the suPermarket

Yes,

science at school?

your brothers

to the sym?

. (study) in his bedroom.

on Saturday.

lb

B:

iovp (love)music.

....
5A:

Comptete the sentences. Use the simPle present


form ofthe verbs in parentheses.

iohn

8oin8 to the beach?


No, she doesn't. But she llkes Soing

and physics.

Simple present (affirmative and negative:


questions and short answers)

to

No, I don't. But I llsten to music on

honey.

_.... you ...

of honey.

GPamman

of

ry computer

B:

. I don't know any

the radio?

0.A0A 6ees.

No, / dollt
the answers!

States.

She feeds her bees a mlxtt-)re af sugar

Complete the questions and answers.


lAl Da yo] kloYu the answer to
thls question?

underline the correct words. Then check with


the text o pate 16 of the Student s BooL.

I
2
3
4

hey go tlrere on Fndy ernoons.

8A: What
B:

..

to work?

She wears a brown and

white unlform.

Complete the dialogue. Use


the smple present form of
the verbs in parentheses.

What

Ben:

/o

you usuauy

*S

vocanutanv

Hobbies and interests

Design a logo (a sjmple

e)

(do)on the weekend.

Andy?

picture)for each activity.

2)

Andy: Oh, my weekends

-q

o \tr.
a.( I

are always the same.

lr

(meer) my

playing

fr ends on Friday ni8ht,


and

we'?

Ben: Where

(S.)

golnSto

rLrnning

compuier
8me5

you

8)

ot^
-l'_
v

fil-
I

(8o)after the

l\-

movie?

-l

Andy: To our favorlte caf. We

pa

reaing

(drink)coffee or

nii6

cana ng

hot chocolate there. Usually


home before

ll

(not 80)
otLock.

Ben: And what about Saturday?

Andy: On Saturday

6
|?

E]

Match the words with the activties from Exercise 3a.


I

pool

.svjmqtot

book

eoor,rg

(set up)eany.

u
comPuter

(play)8ames

on my sisteis computer.

t!

OK, because she

(not 8et

Lrp)

'

your sister

MP3 player

theater

-'rrla

riaki8 k.eolnS

tak n8.are

t+

drawing

.oLLe.t

lor

{work)?

J
Y!.t- L] rl
:l

picture

rO

ComDlete phrses l-6 \/irhh the words


in the box. Then match them with the pictures.

before l0;3O on Saturday.


Ben:

ooivrt,

n8

.')

of

doinS hatin8 our

.al

.al

(work) in a store, but she


rr

(not like)

herjob.
..1.

Bn: Oh, I see. And what else

do you do on the weekend?


Andy: Well, my friends often
(come)

to

my house on Saturday

afternoon. On Sunday
(noi 80)

out.

lr4

(4")

I
2
3

8otrg for walks


pr-zzles

-.-adq
,1

stid(ers or coins

6
7
I

with freds
pictLres
a journal

UN

T]

(Q

cnamman
Write the -in8 form ofthe verbs.

play .

tr

u ..,rlrl&

plsyita 3 80 7)

smlle

fty

7 swim
8 run

use /ike'"enjoy not like/enoy love ot hate


Complete the sentences about the Peop[e in the pictures

o
4,
!
G)

t_

. i,

il
ni

/
1 Greg and P.acel !!ke lairy fa e belteh
2 David
3 Chris .
4 ciaire .. ,-.
5 Janet and PhiliP Diane and Georse
7 Marco and Paola
8 l'llY

Writeslxtruesentencesaboutac::'::_:::-::!or-rrfrendsejoyordon'tenJoy
Use lke./enjoy. not like/enjoy.

I
2
3

il

16 |

uN|T

lo'e

:' ': '

-'!

.i$

enonunciation
{c /nl (moa) and /r1l lsoag)

Liste and udertie the


words you hear The llsten atarn
and repeat

2 ope
3 Ron
4 wins
5 spin

.arera

aa.e

wronS

Lacuardia High s.hool is a performinE drtr school


in New York City. Students study academic subjects
lke:-;L:. -rh heLih ed'
Thev

wlngs
spring

go in

8oin8

also sr!dy languaSes Like Spanish or

drive in

What makes Lacuardia special

drivins

,o - li -nL.i..,h-o,-r

L sten and write the


',\roid
you
or words
hear in the spaces.

I Ann
2 enjoy
3 We
4 Let! to

::.!1.:.r L l:pr rese r+5

openinS

corninS

Complete the summary bout Tonya. ELsa and


Mark s school w th the words ln the box. fhen check
wrth the text on pa6e 20 cfthe Stu.lent Book.

llstening

!r1c!

cutture n mnd

aother languaSe.
every day.

that students also take

ol

n addition to classes, there are also many acuvities for


.

a mov

every weekend.

is

There a.e manv.l,,bs like

e.lub, a knittint club, and an'

club. Tonya's favorite club is the 6.

ctub.

There are also many'


example, students can play soccer, tennis or volleyball.

Mark ls on the

team, and he enjoys

playinS with others.

We usually

Lacuardia is a 6reat schoolfor an education, performing


arts and for other student interests.

study hetp
. '.,:-. ., :,.l
ln your Vocabulary otebook, organize new words into groups and list them under headings.
Leave a lot of space at the bottom of each list so you can add other words later For example:

Stores

other

Publlc buildlnSs

places

theater
Lbrary

caf

Look at the words in the box. Group them in lists with headings. Can you add more words

to each Sroup?

5pe\t5

socca
tlo.nc'nq
atavB

tcrulri

L\ql

l,

P.-..-r:

irq tce eia.,

l'i:'I' rn'$

i,Jl

be.o.c-*

^g

rT-

Listen
Lirten to four people talknt
about their favorte actvities. Match
each person with two activties. Wrte
numbers l-8 in the boxes.

f,![@

,a

t LlsrEtttcrP
:.

the question carefully and look at


the exampLe. Are you sure you know what
yoLr have to do? How many nurbers do
Read

you need to wrjte for each Person?

:.

the words
oLrt loud and rake a picture of each
activity in your mind.
Read

Say

to underline the impgrtant


words in the list (for example, pto the
movies). Listen for these words when you
play the recordins.
Can you think ofay words that 8o with
It's a

lo

the list carefutly.

tood

idea

these activities? For example, mavies

go to the movles

go danci11g

80 to the swimmin8 Pool

play the SLritar

write erails

ride a bicyl-

l
play computer Sarnes

Eead

actors, watch, frends, wekend. ThinkinS


of related words can help prePare you for
what you will hearYou have to match each perso with llvq
activities. Which acuvities wi[[ So.togethel

do you thinl,? For example,6o danltng rs


the fifth actrv ty ls there any other att vrty
ln the llst that willSo with this?

The boy in the picture is a student in Boston.


He doesnt like sports, but he! iery Sood at
music. Is his ame Adam, Matthew or Carlos?

the information and lll in the table


(./ or X)to fi8ure out the answer
Read

Adam goes to a school near his home in Boston


Carlos plays soccer at school, but he doesnt realy
enjoy it.

Matthew likes muslc, and het good at PlayinS fhe piano.


Adam loves swimminS, and he plays tennis on he
weekend.

carlos sin8s and plays the tlritar i the schoolband.

Matthew loves tivlng in Boston.


Adam hates slnglng, and he doesn't play a musical

instrument.

Matthew enjoys ridi8 his bike to school, but he


doesn't like sports.

lives in

likes

pLays

Boston

sports

music

Adam

[4atthew
CarLos

Carlos lives in an apartment ln Plymouth.


The boy's name ls
'18

UNT]

II

unit checfr
'S ritr n rhe btanks
Complete the text with the words i the oor

watches movies different doesnt like games talking person u!s+ teaches

My friend Alan has an _ uruiudJ


on the weekend.

We,

and white ones from the 1930s


lot. Alan

watchint modern rnovies. bui Alan's favorite firovies are the old blackand l940s. He I
ihem nd reads about them all the time. I really

play soccer, and he hates

sir;ge But isgoc.tob,.:

compuier;

ri: :- .-:::

cnoose the conFect


answePs
(j+>the

a want

2f

:::

some people think het a

ljttle

Complete the sentences wiih the words


n the box.

to 80 to the party.

6iiti

.r.

vocabutary

correct answer: a, b or c.

I Danny

:'

. o

theater

's*ifimiff

keepin8

runninS

plalns dancnt paitin8 wrting hobbies

wanting

emails on my computer.

a run

(it?'

c talk

reatty ALison.she! a very good friend.


a love th.B c dont rte
Our cLasser at 8 50
I

60,."].,,..r",.,",
David

your aunt and uncle.

a know b kows

ends read a Lot of books.


a does [l-i\
c dot
n8el nd Dv an en ov
p ctLJres.
\
-l?
a pa nt b (to pD c pintng
l\,4y

Ptay

ngthe guitar

is my

7
8
9

music's Soodl

favorite

b(*:6b c sport
eLL the students\/n our schoot
rsr-r 6,""(h)< .-"rn

ay
?
I dont really enjoy
erails.
Her hobby is
bees.
..
My s ster loves
plctures.
I love
, but only when the
Do you have

a game

How dd you do?


Totati

Englsh

E
Very good

25

20

OK

t9

16

6
W

Revre\! Unit

agarn

r5o es

UNT]

HelDing 0then pe0pte


-

,-,: Remembe and check


the sentences about Mike Coteman. ;rcllthe correct
answer: a. b or c. Then check with the text on PaEe 22 ofthe
student's Book.
Read

Mike

is

ln Namlba.
4 He
a ls staying for six months

before he studies

to be a teacher.

a
b
@

taking a vacation
becoming a

takinS a year

He

is ..

,{

nLrse

off

-is

livlng jn a bi8 house

is enoylng his llfe

when he 6n shes his work,


he wants

in Namlbia

@ worki! in a hosPitat
b teaching ln a school
c learninS to be a doctor
for his work.
3 He
a needs a lot of helP
b doesnt 8et any money
Sets a tot of money

-b

' e

to

g-.home

lravel forthree weeks


learn about life in southern Africa

Hi,John. This is

Wer

Patrick. m sittint onthe


comlng to Seattle, and it

ralninS, of courselThe streets are really


busy today, and we

@ *cnamman
Present continuous for activties

she

Complete the dialoSues. Use the Present


cotinuous form,

studylnS

Hannah's TV ls on in her room.

whr ' ra.

Oh?

A:

Pa!I, you ,/ 8et dressed

B: Yes, l'm in my room.

9et

readY
1

A: chloe,lneed the phone. who -/ you

/GIl

B: Alex. He ,/ help ./ me ./ with my homevrorl

A:

Briana, what's the

rct .(yl1 ,/

alteil WtV

laugh

Thls movie's really funyl

I]NT4

'l(N

for some helP. I kow you

atthe library now, but when

so they can't come and 8et us. Call me back. Bye.

B:

ask

AnYWaY,

you finish, can you pick us up fr6m the bus station?


workint today,
Mom and Dad '

sorry, I can't talk to You. 'm busy.


B: oh? what you dc? y/hqt qIe y9q doi!19

movinS at all riSht

sittin8 near me.

a:

2A:
3

callinSto

Complete the phone messaSe with the


correct form of be (affrrmative or neSative).

ow. Karen ls here somewhere, but I can't see her.

happening now

bus.

/ cy

Whatt happening in the pictures? Write two sentences


for each picture. More than one answer is poss ble.

in the present continuous

i.;'. 'j. i..'::-r_-=

Harry

Danny

otga

l ls{k sad l-ade re estn* pizzlt.

Ha

ty ,.

nlin?raffee.

2
3

*
!

Simple present vs. present continuous

M"t.h th" t*o p"rts of the sentences.


Shei helpinS her mother

a
b

for their test now.

2
3

enjoy 8oin8
They're studyinS

at the supernarket on Saturday.

You aren't listen ng

Andrew leaves home

at six

otlock every mornis.

Complete the sentences. Use the simple present or present continuous form of the verbs
in parentheses.
,l

My

father stdrtr

(start) wor[ at nine otlock every morninS.

2 Sorry Mike, I can't talk to you now. Im

colsins
lulia hardLy ever
My brother
Be qulet, Amyl We

lae isn't here rSht now.

8
9

t0

My

busy.

usually

(do) my horework.

(not stay) with us in the sumrer.

(to)to the

beach.

(not use) the computer right now.

She
you
What
Steve and Matt
Can yoLr help re? I ..

(watch)thls show.

(shop)atthe mau.
(o) after school on Frtday?
(play) basketball now?

(not understand)ihis qr-reston.

u*-4
. _.1...

zr

fi

Q *vocabutarv
Housework

[l
-

Marias mothe, is i the hospitI. Maria has a list of Jobs


ro do in the house, and her frienos a,e helPinS her
Listen to the sounds.
to the jobs on the tist.

f,![@

write numbers 1-6 next


Clah the

b.d"hs

the
Maria s mother is callinS from the hosptal Look at

pictures, and write what Maria says to her on the phone'

Wete fine, Mom. StePhanie


js EaiLtB

2 Tir .

Lisa and Susan

Kate and Richard

shappry.

Ren and Marlna

Fill in the word puzzle and find the mystery word

CD (PIL.

I
'.,

-A..
5a
UNIT4

8a

@ tcenonunciation
and
b/
tri ffi
I
z
3
4

*:

lal (e!l)

{mp@

bid

born

burn

wore

work

short

shirt
Listen and write the words

the lists.

ln

+e,: door beQE lsll]t

!qLi8 ui&q

Grn:a,- ei: ,,ciab,llary

When you learn new words, try to identfy


them as parts of speech (nouns, verbs, etc.).
This can help you remember how to use
them in a sentence.

Lsten and repeat.

bored

E f,!@

study hetp

@ ,h" u"rb. .nd underline the nouns.


I t@my computer a tot.
2 Gemma plays i the ochestra.
3 Some students bring sandw.hes and eat
them at schooL.

ng

b rthday

We usually watk, but someumes we catch

the bus.

latl

l)t I
ryQt9

..

In your Vocabulary notebook, you can [ist

nouns and verbs together

grl

Fill in the lists with the words in the box.


Can you add two more to each group?
E{rXsh

l+u+
un

E [![@

llls!rline the words with the


/>r/ sound. (Cicld the words with the
/ar/ sound. Then listen, check and repeat.
I The rnformat on s on the(comDUter)

2
3
4
5

was born in Turkey.


Her parents are working in PortuSal.
The tirls are orSanizing their research.
Laura was early for work this rornin&

form

gcography

F;;-l
ts,bj"-'

t.h"*il.l

Eoglsh

.le:5..

tvenvdav Engtsh
@th" .o.r".t *ord..
Excuse me- Are you the man who

ofthe Sorilla?
thats ft /ED.wht,

takes care
B:

2A:

This movle is terribtel

,/ Look? told you. My sister saw


it, and she thought it was bad, tool
Jack? Can you help me with my

B: see?

homework?
Sorry Mid8e.

lti

not my problem,/ right

We're Latel Come ;n,/on, sally.


B:

All ri8ht, I'm cominSl


This chocolatei very expensivel

B:

I knowl lt's really 8ood,

thouSh,'iol

Alex called meatain last nightl


B:

50,/And what? He calls all the

8irls.

It doesn't mean you re sF,ecal!

UNT4

Itfl[L*,li]lrmili

$
@

neaO and Listen


Read part of the interview wth Mike
from paSe 22 ofthe student's Book.

Complefe it with as manY words as


you can.
lnterviewer: Good morninS, and welcome
to the MorninS Show on WZVR. This
rnorning we're fslkiog about
volunteer work. on our Phone line,
we have Mike Coleman. from omaha,
Nebraska. Right now het in Nam bia

Good mornin8, Mlke.

Mike: Hi, Carot.


lnterviewer: What are You

there in Namlbia?

Mike: l'm working as ar


in a hospitat. Im here for two months
help the doctors and nurses. You know

WPte
Read David's email. Then write an email n reply
to him. Tell him what's haPpening in your home
ritht ow.

How are you? l'm noi doing anything very


lnieesting. l'm sitting in my room, and l'r
listening to lhe radio. Theyle playing old 1980s
songs rlght now. fhe cat's here, too. Shes
sleeping on my bed. l\,4y sisters are watching fV
in the living room, and theyte laughing like crazy.
I\4om is cooklng dlnner in the kltchen. Dad lsn't
here r ght now. He's worklng tonighi. lt's raining
hee, and lm feeling bored. What about you?
What are you doing? Write and teil me what's
happenlng.
David

for them, talk to the patients, that kind

ofthlnS.

lnterviewer: And what are You doing


right now?
We always eat breakfast at aboLrt

otlock

Then we

to

to the hosPitat.

lnterviewer: Do yo.

your own breaL{ast?

Mike:

Yes, we do. And lunch and dinner'

toolsix of

us live here

and we do all

Brainstormnt
Before you start to write, "brainstorm" ideas.

ofour own ho!sework.

lnterviewer; Realty?
Mike: Yes. We do aLlthe
and cleaning. we

...

own ctothes, too.

fherei

no washing

machine here!

tr f,![@
youf an9lve

UN

T4

Listen and check


rs

..-.

our

Think ofalthethinSs that are happenin8


now, and make quick notes on a Piece
of paPer without stoPPinS- Write words
or phrses in English where you can, but
it's fine to use words in Your own
lantuaSe, too.

Dont worry if some ideas aren't very


important, or ifthey are mixed uP and out
of order. The maln thint is to write ideas.
After brainstormins, you can look at your
notes, cross out ideas you don't want to use
and start to put the others in order

Unt checl(
ffi

ritt

in rhe btanks

Complete the text with the words in the box.

is

works

grocery shopping 6e

Ethan Fletcher and his

tlr.!

re bLrsr

!+ now

ster OLiv a usLrally go

t hore. Th-.!

rorning hate

up

or wihtheirfrtendsonsatur.lay,bLrtthsi
after a 5 q p,rf [or Ol ,,,ia birhd!,. R ?ht:

t
dshesLhekrcren,aroEthan,

fe .Leaf

O,rsdo.8
They

.Lean!thebarhroofl

housework, so they aren't havinS a lot offun,


now Their parents aren't
ai home. Mrs. Fletcher always
o Saturday mornings, and Mr Fletcher is going ,
at the supemarket.

choose the coFnect answeFs


acircL)the correct answer:a. b or c.

LL,ra,! Lisr-.,,

to the 'adto

,@sr"rp.*o*

2
3

Marco

dishes

tt,e

Who are ihose boys over

ihere?

the windows for his grandmother.

Are you kno\\,in8

A:

Steve is ln Turkey now.

a snt b doesnt c dort

He

in lstanbuL.

stay b Hestays c

D ane and her

s't

them?

a You know b Do yoLr [now

a doinS b washing c ironing

hen

sister

Alllsa do nt her hoFerorkT B Nc, she

its a ni.e

He! staying
playing tennis

dy

ro 80 to ihe beach?

a lLike b YcJL{art . Do lolr\,rant


lisit my aLrnt a-d un.Le
a :cnh

ritht now

b aren't c doi

a i!!o

ritht no\ but t's,,ery cold.


snou/s b doett rrow . srt snowing

b !i.e

c se.cnd

vocauutanv
Complete the sentences with the phrases in the box.

cook

do the

#fuler]
I

take a nap do the taundry cLean up


go Srocery shopptng iron the ctothes

dishes

The hoLrse is a mes!. 1s t :ne

to nb$e orJf"-ork

Theret no food in the fridSe.

lti

We're all hungry, and we want our dinner. tts tire

]y sh rts arc clern.

-h- o ..F

There are things

l'm ln mI bedroorn, bui I ca'i see outs de. t

Im

tt!

wash the windows

realLy

o,p

bLr

or.. ,
aLl

time

to

cant !,rea them

let

to

is r me r

ne -o

over the floor

i my bedroor. ltt time to

tired after doins all the housework.

How dd you d0?


Iotal E

me to
time

to

OK

l9-l

A
\a/

Pe\rew llnit 4 grn


15

o, Ler

UNIT4

Who's youn heno?


'.

BemembeF and check


Pedd r'1e s"nl, ces

Write

(true) or

"b.L- t'

F (fatse).

the e.' or pdte

JO

o'

tr f,!!@

B'oc o.'.1.

Then check with

l'e 5tJderrs

BooL

Read the dialogue between Lauren


and her trandmothet Fill in the blanks with w45,
were, wasn't or weren't. Then Listen and check

your answers.
.

crandma: Oh. look atthis old recordl


I

ur: Who is it. Grandma?

Grandma:

lt!

Buddy Holly.

He rydr

my favorite

l' ll i,') younsl


he British?
i"rr"n, ' l''li :
American.
candma: No. he r rl.)n)
singer when

Lauren: I don't know him at

alL

Grandma: No. or ( ou'se you


On ,"

+ ', i )

1-1-,\12

do-l'. F o eo 'n lclq

. very old. He

onLy ZU.

Lauren: What happened?

E]

Erin Brockovich

Erjnt job atthe lawcompany was to


help sick peopte.
Erin found that a lot ofsick PeoPle
lived near a bi8 Pacific Gas and

People were sick because there was


chromlum in the r drinkinS water.
1

mllllon from the company.


Er

Grandma; Well, Petty sue andThat'll Be the Day

n Brockovi.h

tr

ll1erc was

wy

l.

very sad l cried all

dayl
Lauren: Tellme more about him.

' iVt!. o fr."-s sont\ in the lo\')' Bu'


r^e, o -f\\r, . Tv l"vo rres MY favori''
tverydaY
Buddy Hotly sonSrr \tt}\

PLay

were really anSry with me

last nithtOurtest was very dlfficult,sowe


Yau were

3 : I-':

to hear lt?

it for mel

W9lCsome interestint shows

My father Ws

wercn't
4

Lauren: OK, Grandma.

on TV yesterday.
2

Grandma: Yes,

Do you want

Undertne the correct words.


1

inthe w nterTwo other sinsers',-.[u$ in


the plae with him. The plane crashed, and they

E
E

@ *cnammar
simpte pasL be
@

in a smaLl airplane,

Luren: Oh. that's terrible.

ofthe 600 sick peopte 8ot

lutia Roberts played

6 l:

alldied.

Electric factory.

Each

cranama: well, he

happy.

Yle /

Wkre you lt' te l'rarY

yesterday?

One of my brothers wd5

/ qgle

1n

B-aail

last year.

we enjoyed the meal last night. The food


M / wasnt reallY lood.
Was / wgle they on vacation in Greece?
where,/ wre Richard last nitht?

*
@

Simple past regular verbs

E]

Write the simple pastform ofthe verbs. Think


carefully about the spelling. ts it -ed? -d'l ed?
or double consonant + ed?
1

enjoy

hate

climb

,ir.lid
L^fir"ri

7 plan
8 decide
9 talk
l0 stop
l'l study

-1.m\

12

enpyel

.b,hd

stay
5

listen

ctv

.
Cl^4,.kd

wash

Complete the sentences. Use


the netative form ofthe verbs
in the box.

,M

study .+isil spk do

dr"C

Kevio ddn't

,rh#4t

v,:15t hs

trandmother yesterday, but


he called her atthe hosptat.

ndl4
vbjird

lasted hrm

queston, buthe

'-.d '

I t 131,( tast nist',t

Look at the pictures and complete the sentences_ Use six


ofthe simple past verbs in Exercise 2c.

cause we decided to eat

Sophre was

s"

ll)rangry.

re

/)P,\P

to'

u' r",

three days!

orli

,frp\

Lisa and Sam

yesterday because their classes

ended last week.

6
I ha&d

eating veSetables

when I was a child.

washed all the clothes, but

IO{^f

2We
windows on Saturday. lt was
hard work.

the dishes.

Complete the paragraph. Use


the simple past form ofthe
verbs in paretheses.
My aunt and uncle were here
last weekend.

They 'dr'titay

(notlstay) at qur partment They

' j

, -)

(sty) r a hotet

dowtown Their rogm was nice,


but my

Tnr

The baby

good music last ni8ht.

when

aLJnt,

(,jot

lileJthefood.she' r'-.

p cked him up.

-,

(visit) us on Saturdy and she and

Mom

a .-,] -"J (tatk)for

the whole afternoon. My uncle


-tot

fii, Peter

insrde so he erl I

"

wnr)to sit
, l(ttd

(walk)to the stadium towatch the


soccer 8ame. But we,.,.., ,r4t l
(not have)a very Sood tme
becaLrse oLrr team

;]'-,,,

(not ply)well. and at l3O

to

'...- --.'

it

" .l: - -:f'o,t) t" -n.


Peter o the phone

yesterday.

UNT5

ffi *vocabutary
vulti-word

verbs

El

(1)

Look at the pctu res. What are the people saying?

I
2
3
4

Get outl

write numbers

Get inl
Come downl
Climb upl

Can you fnd muLti word verbs to complete


these sentences? Choose a word from each
box. and then use your d ctionary to check.

we can use an object pronoun. I ke lt or


them, with some tlvo-word verbs. Ihe
pronoun toes between the two parts of
the verb. Look at the p ctures and rnal(e
senten(es L!e,4ord- fron e..l- bo

:r: o

tare

off F.+p

r o sro,rs rLrr.

tr)-

up ofi e',r out dl.rr

prron

I like these pants, but

lwantto try

them

on.- before I buy them.

lohni

tit'rle sister wants to be a doctor when she

SnAlA,o
lrn.n
terr

bLe

..

dtl,l"

ru'allthe

shows re

tonight.'

alu{/.vnd^,sseatand

^aveour

lunch.

Sorry the boy,s aren't ai home. They always

.OZ 4.df

tr

on Fridav nights.

Complete the sentences


wilh up, down, on ot off.

ln some countries, kids stand...-4r- .when the

tea.her .omes nto the classroom.


On sun

lgei

-,

,lt

cult to see, so we

at aboutten o'clock.

tured t.

!\

itre ligh
Come

on the sofa next to me.

r-ne movie on TV was realty borinS,

.t :

so

turned lt

and started readlng

lm real, tired. l'm Boing to lie


when the bus came it was full, so I didn't get

tl

it. I waited

te

minutes for the next

bus.

MomlThe do8's sittinS on my bed. Tell it to set

a!l:!!'l
28

UNIT

study

@ *enonunciation
-ed endings

tr f,![[!

There are lots of multi-word


verbs n EnStish, formed

I
2

small word like up, down,


in, out, on ot off. Ofte the
multi-word verb has a very

cLosed

watched

tr f,![[!t

Z
-17

decided

walked

studied

planned

10

worked

withanormalverb*a

different meanint from the


verb on ts own. lf you can't
fiture out the meanin6, you
can look up the multi-word
verb in your dictionary.

7l

II

Listen and repeatthe sentences.

salad.

she wanted a

They watched a good mov e. 6

she cllmbed the hill.

way.
We vlsited our friends.

We decided to go home.

He started

He walked a long

ln your Vocabulary
notebook, write the verbs
with up and dow, from
Exercises 8a and 8b n the
Studentt Book.

hated that bookl

to red.

cuttune in mind

M"t.h th" n"rn",

and the descriptiqns. Then check on


page 34 of the Student's Book.

Mount Rushmore

an Arerican clvil riShts

leader in the United States


2

5imn Bolvar

a Brazilian musician

Mart n Llrther Kn8lr

a place

Dl

Make wo lists

(/p

and

Add a phrase or sentence


to show the meanlnS of
Learn both parts

ofthe

verb together.

Now look at this text and


undertine all the multi-word
verbs.

that hor\ors

\.,9 a South American leader


l\d thed. -r ,r- Hollywood wrth
Crun n'< C-t^ese The ,e

Tomloblm

memori.[. to mov e s-as


I

Vocabulary

How many syllables are there n these simple


past verbs? write the number l. 2 or 3 Then I sten. check
and repeat.

ffi

hetD

Complete the text with the words in the box.

lenny wakes up at 6:30 when


her alarm clock goes ofl She
tuns on the litht, tets up
qLrickly, puts on her clothes
and sneakers and sets off for
a run before breakfast. Even
when sh-" Sets cold and wet,

lenny keeps on runninS. She


doesn't slow down. and she
never Sives up.
We always want

to

relnetltb?r av 6erce\.\ le do different thinSs

Thee are many kinds of ' t.-j-.....:,....:.al-itues, monuments,


paintlngs and so on. They all help to keep famous and important

people

al\e .-

o-", .

'u.i--lo

,risls

o'. . 80 o

,ee

lhen

Add any new verbs to your


up and down lists. can you
frgure out the meanngs?
Start new l;sts with on, off,
in and out

nd

they take photoSraphs. When they go home, they wjU have great

5l.

r,*

oftheir

vist.

UNIT5

1l{ttLifi},ilm

tI

Bead
Look at the pictures. What do you think fhe text is about?

Ask any ltalian teenager about his or her


favorite .omic book hero. and what's the
answer? Superman? Spider-Man? Batman?
No, ltaly's favorite hero;s Diabok-

Diabolik is an all-ltalian hero. The idea came


from two ltalian s;sters, Angela and Luciana
Ciussani, in 1962. But he isn't only popular
n ltaly. You can buy Diabolik comic books ;n
mny countries and read about hm in a lot of
d;fferent languages.

Read the

text atain. Write I(true) or F(false).

YoLr can

find Diabolik books allover

the world-

IT

Diabollk ls an uusual hero.


DiaboLik doesn't have a Sirlfrlend.

Ginko heLps Dlabolik plan his adventures.


Ginko never catches Diabollk.

Fnd words in the

text with these meaninSs.

a very stron8 and brave Person in a book

or movie

2
3

(nolrn)

vFry we.r rt ed f"o

hcta

'( i re)

person who takes other people's thinSs (noun

wlth a lot of money (adjective


5

Ll_

,0

You need to know ltalia to read

the Diabolik books.

3
4
s
6

READING TIP

very Sood tooking (adjective)

UNIT 5

E
m

ts

lfyou're a fan ofDiabotik or other comic


book characters, you can set the books
in Ensl sh transLations.

Itt

fun to practice your readinS by


followins your own interests. For
example, if you have a favorite hobby,
or ifyolr're interested in a musician,
an actor or an ath[ete, you can:

read about them in American


maSazines

go to fan websites in EnSlish on

the lnternet

nd out what other teenaters


are sayint by 8oin8 to lnternet
chat rooms,

lf you have a computer at home,look up


DiaboLik on the lnternet now. and
see what you can frnd in En6lish.

L',B'.&

ffi

*e*ck

ritt in he btanks
Complete the text with the words in the box.

,y's

*asnt weient

didn't

born trees dlscovered traveled plafned tast

Last rnonth, m), boyfr end ard I r


there. and it \'\,as a bealtiful forest whe l r
de.ided io take sonre sandyr.hes and ,e t

Bli,e

50 kiLometers to v

a.hld

lt

i creat Oaks

\,",as aLso a

was

\,,:

Sreat place to see an ma s

to ear ther next to the ver.

peope.,ere.Lrttntdowalotofihei tomkearod,
ad t '/r'as very no sl. lvhe i,e tried io 5y,, m in rhe river \,ye i
that it was dtrty. And there
I
any an mals We ec ded rc go ho..e earL and I ,
happy at all.
erio,rhel)

Choose

@the.or.ect
I

the coFpect answeFs


"nswer:

a, b or c.

lt was cold, so she decided to put

"@ u"ff . aown

._

herjacket.

Marilyn Monroe

a kllled b pd c

2 I plcked ... the book and started to read it.


aon bqp c down
I lt\ daSerous up there in that tree. Come

)9O.

)n

born

uncle ... us last month.


a visit b vls ts c Jlrt9
We
tennis in the park this rorin6.
Our aunt and

,4@ uor.o,t

a Dyd b -Dlte c olie.l

4 Mygrandmother. born in 1948.


" is uqs c were
5 A: Was Paul at schoo yesterday?

was tired,

so

set

a was b doesnt

!p

early.

c{idni

B:

No, he

b werent c didn't

+?

vocabutapy
Write the opposite of ech word with the words in the boxtake

off turnon 6e+ eff forget sitdown setin

8et on

Eiril

2
3

4
5
6

go

oLrt putdown comeup

get out

plck

remember

put on

stand up'

Lrp

stay at home

/.

How did you d0?

ro.A,

Very good

)5

)0

o(

t9

/:\
\a/

Rev

ew Un r 5 Bdin
t5 or tess

Making fniends

F
@

Rememuer and Gheck


check with the text on Pate 36
Match the two Parts of the sentences Then
of the Student's Book.
didnt talk to each other.
champlonshiP

fhe

1971

World Tabte Tennis

2 Ameri.an and Chinese PLaYe


3 A American Player named Cowar
4 Cowan rnissed his bus, but
5 A Ch,^e\e pldyer na'r'o /nudn8 Teoo_& \
6 Lrer. cow.8ve zedoas,/,/\
s

chin;d

Theirfriendshjp hetped

the united

aT-shirt in return.
was in lapan.

to have a better relationshiP.

- t

he got on the chinese bus instead'

ivited a Chinese player to play with him'

States\'\h

Save Cowan a silk

scarl

ixq s!!!r,!ci

irregutar verbs
the correct words.
Dld you llke the rovie? I taught

\./
f'

la

won

tbgllELt

thanl it was terriblel

e8gs.
wenf an omelette, but we didnl have anv

/ sdi Soodbye to her'


/ enioied if'
Thanks for the meal We really enay / enjoyed
decided to buy lt
fhecD was / wasnt / wern? very expensive' so they
a man naned Georgelones'
Many years a8o, my fath er met / meeted / mad
b6ome5 very Sood friends'
After a monih, the two 8 rls became / became /

Last year, my sister left

wanted

called Kate from the st atiar and seed

sayed

let.z leaved schoot and got

a ob'

past form of the verbs in the box'


Comptete the senteces Use the simple

UNT

the sentences. can you frture out the names ofthe s,x
tirls? write the names in the boxes.
There wee sx Sirls i the 50O meter race.
ludy finished the race, but she didt beat anvone.
Pat and two other girls got the medals.
Maria beatJud, but she didn't get a medal.
AnSela didn't fin sh the race.
Liz didnt win the silver medal.

L.lq-.] Read

Sandra wasn't the

winer.lwo girls beat

her.

tr tr[@

[1f llei was a volunteer

Read part of the dialogue from


Exercise 8 on pate 39 ofthe Student: Book. Fill
in the smple past verbs. Then Iisteo and check.

worker at the

.Beijing Olympic cames in 2OO8_ Read

)ason: Dd you |ee .

. ,.- the nterview and write the questions.


tntetyiewer

Louise: No, I didnt. What was it about?

yau Bet psd f9J yallr


o,t -' \5,.
'\ pad fa, to",

Me: \o.

lnterviwer.
et

Mei: Yes,

(m

Dd

laso: Well, there were these two boys, Dan and Nick.
They r
reaLly good friends, you know.

^ot\_,)

Frends Forcver last nighr?

dn ^o d .o Jnrper

a fa mou s,jth lete?)

did.

And

they,

Louiss Uh huh. And what

met Mtchael phelps.

on the same soccer team_

One day, their team r

a bi8 garne.

Jason: Well, lt wasn't a great start for Dan and Nck!


team. At halftime the score was i-O wirh the

other team winnig. Butthen Da and Nick both

tspeak to you?)

'
o

Mei: Yes, he did. We had a short

4-1. lt

w-

to play really well. They


1wo to .
So, tnelr lem wor
",ch.

.d tr e f1s
E,e., d

^-.e eic'te-

Louise: OK.
(the valunteers

stay

in the Olympic

vl1a8e?)

Jasor. 50 rhe

r"'t

.<J- of-L-ir ..hool r a8 n"


an afticle with a big photo of Dan

and Nick, and the headline


"Friends score doublel"

Mei: No, they didn't. Only the athletes


stayed there.

Louisi So?
,ason: Well. Nicki falher, Mr. Winter.
the article. And he r0

(*"rk hor;

..

Me: Yes. we did. but t was fun

"

..

that Dan! last

nrne was Srem, and he warn'i veJV nappy

touis
?

lpeaple ./ enjoy

the Olynpc Ganes4

Mei: Yes, they did. They had a really great

Hant on a minute_ I don't tet it_ When Nick!


fther n __ .. out about Dn! last name
he

happy?

jason: Tha! ri8ht.

time.

UNIT

vocabutanv
:b Time expressions (Past)

I
3

Fiitin the crossword.

The month beforeJune is Mq)l

t's ThLrrsday today. Six days a8o, lt was

It's l0:30 now Half

an

ao. it \/a5

10 o clock.

\
6

Now

t!

November August was three

ato
L Two days a8o, it was
29.

io

rt's u'o now. I met paul foul..

.l!$l-

as",

in 2006.

Mo1o"

^ed

'od

after tomorro,,!.

I Now it'sJuly. For-rr months a8o, lt was


2 lti October 22 today. Two

one day ago.

the month afterlanuary.

Today lt's SundaY, November 4

G!'t.6'v?

Sunday lt was October 28.

l-ispo.tt
b

Match the sports with the Plctures. Write the numbers

sLlng 2 surng I bas[etbaLL a !e\a.56ar'] 5


s ho.[ey 9 skateboardinS l0 tenns

l-10 n the

boxes'

5'.! mrng cy'Lin8 7 lotLe'/biLL

(sl

w
(r-,

\
ln which picture in Exercise 3b can you see
a helmet?
a board?
3

a racket?
a stlck?

UNT

lt

was 8:05.

October 8.
is

m nutes a8o

It's 815 ow.

,,. e

5
6
7
8

pads?
8[oves?
a pool?
a court?

ffi *eronunciation
word

Study hetp

stress

tr I-fiItF

These verbs

the main stress.

ls

k Grammar
a[

have two syflables. Underline


it on the frst or the second syllable?

A lot of irportant and


common verbs have an
irretular simple past form.

Listen, check and repeat.

I
2
I

"pi--ed
lsteed

lrud ed

you learn more. Write


the base form and the

began

smple past forr toEether,


in two columns.

tr f-{ilrtf

wrte the words in the lists. Then listen,

re&larly, and

ttole++bcr

l,-ndLo r--.g,
,

r,o..

inre

ye+r*|
p o-

.o. D.

Lr9e

bs{ l!l),

.-" .

Ooo

oO

ry9!!trg

be-eqa5e

y::t4r4sy..

Or you can make a set


of cards with the base

ooo

form on one side ad the


simple past on the other

..Nqyenbet.

in your dictionary.

lust forSet about t ++ei6ei1t robeho.eii


t mea to doni thik so on rhe o:ier hrl

Mady:

H.n rL.or, 8.

No,I

.E lloppirE

.loana lm,rery

i: .

lfthe

past form is not listed,


the verb has the regular
-ed endnB.

Complete the dialotue with these expressions.

Mad)?

To find the past form of


a jrregLrlar verb, you can
use the list on pa6e 122 of

the Studentt Book. you


can also look up the verb

tvervoav Enstsh

loanr

Jestyourself: cover one

ofthe columns, and say

I dlCn

the

or write the hidden verbs.

Oo

Let's

say

two forms aloud.

Qr

Learn both forrs


of the verb totether.
Read throuSh your list

check and repeat.


m+c+FA

Make a list of irregular


verbs, and add to it as

Write the simple past fc


of these irre6ular verbs.

make

bus_y

you lnoL! wrth horervork and ih r85


): Oh, home,,!orU You ca do that tomorro,,^/.

Mi Well, I wat to do it today. And

ldont really like shopping very ruch.


J: Thati true. But
a

M:

l:

there are always

lot of boys there.

Boys? .Joan na, I have a

boyfriendlyou know that!

Here are some rnore

irretular past forms. Can


you write the base forms?

I s/r

l!:iu

Oh, no, did I say the wronS rhig? Sorry, Mandy.

M:

Oh,.. .

..

,.Joanna.lust 80 shoppins, OK?

Byel

_..nt

!u-6

at

b
p tisten
-

f,![[[
ffilr"

,lll

of her friends' GreS' Peter and Michael'


nu-", *ith two Pictures wrte the number 1' 2 or 3 i each box'
Listen

Lisatfriends:

to

Lisa talking about three

I Greg

Peter

3 MichaeL

How they met

\\'

.;

.it-

What they do

totether

LISTENING TIP
\eforc you listen

Look at the pictures. What do they show you


'o o edrcr sone .h ^8
abo. . rne peoP P?'l'!
that Llsa wi[[say abo!t each Picture.

D wFite
Write two paratraphs about
lnctude this nformation:
Paragraph

friend

Where and when did you meet


this person?

ofthe recordinS
bJt Oor't wrr'e ny''llnt..l9ren o l'( ro 'e',
and try to tet the teneraL ldea ofwhat she
First listen to the three parts

is sayinS.

Now listen to partl. What words do you hear


that tink the recordinS to Picture C?

Liste for words that are stressed. These are


usuaLly

important words.

when you have frtled in a


asain

36

UNIT 6

to check your answ

When did you become friends?

Paragraph 2

.
.

How often do you see Yourfriend?


What do yoLr like dongtoSether?

I(
itt

n he

btarks

Complete the text with the words ln the box.

!!as Eo bla, .ote.l be.ame ;tr:.t


,/

When was nrne

wert

to Tmpa wth ry 8randparents. I tiked

I 8reat, bLrt I was lonely because I I


behind our hotel. suddenly,

+n+ ir,.jhiP

!a

ldn't

and th-" beaches were

have any friends. One afternoon, I walked down the stleet

there r

a bl8 brown dog in

front of me. lt

at me wlth

to tet nervous. Then an Amercan SirL came down the street.


angry yellow eyes, and 5
''lt's oK," she
to me. she shouted some words in Enstish, and the dos went away.
3 .
The 8il's name was Chloe, and after th s we r
tood fr ends. That was six years
s,rery mpor, anr,:o rne.
bLrt stiLLv,,rtetoChLoe Our:

S ,cnoose the cornect answens


ac rclJtthe correct answer:

.ood

p"
,

UndeILlne the correct words.

or c.

"

a skateboardins u

Y, For

a, b

ocabutaFY

(1let!l)

i,ie

ap
st<iins

fent to the mo" e5l!!:,/


,/ yesteroy rit.

The rovie started an hour dgo,/

you need a bike.

a gymnastics b surinS c cycLing

It was my birthday dgo

lds,/

s a wjnter sport.

a Volleyball b SnowboardinS c Rollerblading

we played tennis

we a 'ted f'ete ldst / ago


yesterday afternoon.

a,resterdJ, al'ernoon

He's very tall, so he's good at

:L.,rrntrq

Kevin a bl8 arSument on Friday.


a had b did c said
the mus c was awesome!
6 I
5

LLrke

and

team

skiing
I

a she

9 I

swnmin8

surfing.

only like team sports, so

us in the championship.
A,lways weat a racket

donl

helnet

/
/

stick

when you 80 cycLing.

home?

went b dld she go c

, tclins

llke skateboarding./ volleyball

beat b wn c won

When

bcsletbali

I love it when ]t snows. We can go

a taught b thank c thought


Your

love tennis, but our schooldoesni

did she went

have afield

to Sarah on the phone.

ca play.

rink

court

a didn'ttalk b didn'ttalked c wasnt talk

E*

How dd you d0?


fotaL:

/:
\Y/

very Sood

)\

70

lr
tlr.r

__e

31

successfut peopte
Q cnamman/
Ja have to

don't hove to

Match the two parts ofthe sentences Then match them with the pictures'
Write numbers l-6 in the boxes.
to tet

Before our test, we

has

lane can't Bo out now because sh

have

To send a text messa8e,

has

to wear a uniform.

has

At

to study a lot.

to clean her room.


to use a cell Phone.

have

Park School, every stud

drivels license.

to buy some bread.

have

want a sandwich, so

\\

Put the words i order

to

make senteces.

my have I do school to after homework

!hgye ta da

rtt

at Doctors have

l',

horne\+al afte 'chool.

tood do't

be

to painting

teacher everythin8 A have kow

Comptete the sentences with havelhos


to ot don't/doesnl hoye to.

AsiEet d?esll:thsi|cto know how


to swim.
L

soccer player!

lt ZU

'*

shape J
3 A brology teache, lLaltl\' l-'tbe n really Sood

be Bood at science.

lou tomorow hqve 8et

uP

to don'learlv

rltar,; fvv>tl L*

g'>*r;

wlen you play tennis, you

Awtilet

Roberto worl the doesn't

be heautiful.

w"n",,
colleSe

UNTT

LY t '
l \vu'' '
..ALP!!
at",->r^x
rrn qurcl

diy*

ll;rt'

f'rtr"..

Read the questions, look at

the pictures and write the short answers.

Does Jeremy have to work


at home?

Do Tom and Antela have

to

Doeslerery have to do
ry

shoppin8?

'

Yej, he dees.

Does Ansela have

to

Does Angela have to iron the

y.*

|ni*"

Do jeremy's friends have

clean the vyrmmrng

to

pool?

/w7il\|-b.4b^r

Look at the tatle. ln the last row. check (/)the thints


you have to do.
hen write questrons with hve to and short answers.

Mario

B:

Yes,

ffi:

A: DpeJ Mq[g hqyetA cgak]


he d9e5.
Giovanna

Giovanna and Stefano

Heena
stefano

o, L'

YOU
Bl

Giovanna

r,, la*z-o

,,

gl*-

r."W,
A: D0 yo-UhsyC te C99k?
Bt Yes,1da / Ne,Idoa:t

Ml
u

ro,ffi,
o,

rrt-t*tt4 o</ f-.\

e,2rat>

a<j.41tu

9lA
UNIf 7

vocabutanv
Q *Jobs
a

Find and

(fct-) the names

puzzle (-r
b

of

12

jobs in the

oil).

This person works in a

fhese !o DeoDle wori on Planes.

[o

.lt I

PUll
I

lh

s Peron

o.r.

,N

L)

l:r

lu

to

worls wm nlmars

This person helps

make roads and bridSes.


N

Thrs perSon dssgns houses ad buildinSs.

El
5

hjs oerson has

D
(-)

in a

in an

ofce wa8e

n a

factory

nlsht

My dad doesn't leave the house for work.

h1fie . My mother works


Orn d9<,,se."lt, thinss

He wotks at

My

s.r's a lawyer' so she worts

,\\.r9/-(!t
Do

Her

)o",a?

rs

really sood

She earn 580.000 a yer

My brorher wo,I

s'

i'v. ir)+9

It makes food for animals. He does

eight in the morning.


His hourly 6

good. He

onty'

an hou so

oo

uru

sn't very

....

Sl0

hei lookinS for another iob.

R
S

F.

It

shift

ears

L]

(:,
L)

complete the text with the words in the box.

+.$e+

I4

to ,ool. .n\ide oeoole\ nouths

srore salary

Or-r-L

tr @E!!EEI@

A^fiui_t+
,

lr

\
N

...,.fr^.^
li.4f$A+

Thesewo people worl' n hosPrtats.

rhis person puts fires


5

-A

schoal. leaehe[

utd.,Y"

L
E

Write the jobs. Use ten words from the puzzle.

'

Pn0nuncati0n
'Jc have

tr f,![@
I
2
3
4
5
6

. f,![EI

Lrsren nd cneck (r', the verb


youhear: have to,has to or had to-

to
Lsten and repeat

We have to leaye now

They don't have ro 80 out.


She has to do the laundry.

He doesn't have

to study totght

Do you have to cook thts eventng?


Does he have to drive to the store?

.,.,, Guttune n mnd


El

Put the letters in the correct order


kro,,!

lennio

rnnwSo sLnwa

to mke words. write them in the correct places-

Eer!e " s",;n,pee'r ogd

Lav..rr

+a-6$7.*e

bsby:it'tta1

M"t.h thu *or, and phrases


in the box with the defrnitions.

Study hetD
!b Vocabulary

none), tis+e++
lo wste io s\,
.c er to sFied
spend ng

soeore,,rirc
1l

olr,s;re- -:

storl .!-.r.,rr.i

to &et moey for doinF a iob

extra money to buy what you

lnstead of puttint new words in lists in vour


Vocabulary notebook, you can make aiord web.

ofthe

''l+tap,

warr-

4'

Aa'.LT\

Start with a topic word in a circle in the mjddle

paSe-

Write words connected to the topic word and then


other words connected to those words, untilyou
have a'web" of related words. your word web can
be
as bis as you like.
There is no "correct" form for a word web. you
choose the words and the way you organize them.

Here is a word web about]obs. Write words in the empty


cicles. Then add more circles with words.

tquse money to buy things

1/Y

Af4r^d

a bPd rse of m.flney

Ue

U4r{-

! nir.t-

!---

-,---,

'nonofr,;'

l-

r..l

i--

Sifl[h: r]rl,Lrllrl.
Bead
These people all had dreams when they were young. Life wasn't
easy for them, but they were determined, and they never gave up.

Match the two parts ofthe sentences. Then match the sentences
with the photos. Write the nurnbers l-5 in the boxes.

Charles Dickens

'l

didnt show his writins to anyone


thought it wasnl good,
He

becaLrse he

but she became


b

when she was young, she only had one art

At school, she wasnt popula. No one thought


she was good looking,

cLass,

His muslc teacher said he wasn't good enough


enou

At school, he was nervous, and Sirls weren't


interested in him,

famous top modeL.

but he became a great composer.


but she became a famous painter.

but he became a popular movie star.


but he became a great wrter.

Wrte
@

the paragraph about Melanie! dream and what


to do to make it come true. Fill in the blanks
with words from Unit Z
Read

YYRITING TIP

she has

ln your writinS,

it

is

use connedrors like


I

really love information technology, and my drean,

a aaJrputgrplogsnmef

with

a company

is

to be

that makes

software. lrst stated thinking aboutthis three years ago.


But t isnt toins to be easy. I have to get somqmoney
to buy books and later to to
I dont tet any

to;ge.

does1have

a'

from my pareirrs, because my mother


._................... , and my father doesnt
a Sood salary. But now l'm delivering

to get some money to buy the books.


And on the weekend, | 5
for our neighbors'
yount children.

usefulto
dr but and

be.duse to link your ldeas. Look at


these three conectors in E*ercises
6 and 7a. Then match the words
with the definitios.

I and

links an event wlth


a reason

2 but

whl

two ideas
or events that are
links

similar

because

links two ldeas

or events that are

differet

What is your dream? Wrte a paratraph about


lnclude this information:

.
.
.
.
UNTT

What

is yoLJr

it

dream?

when dd you frrst startthinkint about this dream?


What do you have to do to make your dream come true?
What are you doing now to help make t come true?

Try to use each ofthese connectors


ln vouf oaralraDh lor txerarse /b

a:

Q rit n the blanks

Complete the text with the words n the box.

have has player

job

successful doctors denust dream hours +et

soia! moihe. s a ,,'et . her laLlrer s r


anc her tno b'otho5 are stLrr n8 to be
ButSonla snt :rterestedirrel.lear
nccl:'e 5rer"aE:5ecre
a
5
js
professional ten is
to play tenn is for h; cou ntry at the O lympic
, and her ......
Games. Ritht now she's on the girls' under-18 national team. Top tennis players .
to be in really
good shape, so every mornin8, Sonia gets up at 5i30 and runs for an hour before breakfast. Before and
after schooL, she Soes to hertennis club because she has to practice for three 7
a day. But she
u
also
to go to schoot and do her horework in the evenins. Iti very hard work, but Sonia s

be'

determined to

crroose

...

in her sport.

the comect answeps

aCircla,the correct answer a b or c.


hetp peopLe when they are

b Vet5 c Det sts

"Qgt9
fiy

l:he hosp:

pLanes

a Plots b Lawyers c Drilers

p. rro"" o

o p -

a atiedants b programmers c
iook ml dot to

the

players

becaLrse he was !ick.

vet

a erans b dream; c

don't c d:dnt

We don't have mLrch tire, so we

b enEeer c fe8hter
-a.aa,.,
o ",. 08. .
a

a doesnt b
be qulck.

3.]d

have

to

has

to

c don't

have

to

grades

vocatutanv
Underli"

the word that doesn't

fit

neachgrcup.

lo

2 babysittinS
4 tacher
5 doctor
6 wates

do&walkinS parttime

mowinS lawns

vet

engieer

architect

pilot

lawyer

j"b

teacher

nurse

fulltire

salary

doctor

spend

home

pilot

How dd you d0?


Total:

7 dentist
8 earn
9 ofice

speding money

Very good

)5

2A

o(
t9 -16

i,i\
\a/

Rer

Un

rso

7 8a

Lesi

..

I
@

for [fs.

Eat

Rememben and check


Complete the sentences with the words in the box. Then check with the text o paSe 50
of the Student's Book.

bad d ffeent Sree heaLlhy +eng

I
z
I

The women ofOkinawa lve a

t^.

li1
at

s,ress frce

long time.

they l,are a uety I l!,a,!L


They ear

'h. rui

seaweeo ^as

* . )-

veSerores.

')

+t',.).^-r6n* ' -\ dnd nrneral-s.

rra-y

5 rhe fat in sweets. fried food and meat is p-i .:+.1::./ f", *.
6 tt is tood to live a (r4L fe, if possiute.

@ *vocanutanv
Food and drink
@

Fiitin the crossword.


Down

5 a

f.*==

o
r)

a"

Use

so, of the

the sen!

(-r.

a
L

.5

c.

Vi

t-

trces.

crossword answers to complete

1 erqtge Srow on trees.


and ..
2

6row under

the ground.

and

..

-.

have milk

in them.

You cn

v",

UNT8

drinl

..,

\ L,ari, !

-.
'

*" .g.4 in an omelette.


makes your coffee sweet.
I-f.r

,rq,ir,l'

i i'"i

'i

Put the Letters in the correci order

to label the fcod a drinks

in the picture.

Orrns1

-t

il]-\{tuvr)

GrammaF

it

Count and noncount nuns

Are the words in Exercises 2a and 2c count


or oncount nouns? Wrte them n the

correct lstsCount

.affce

Srspe

Complete the sentences with a, an or jorne.

We need

For lLrnch, she's havins

some yogrtt,
and s.ore eggs.

.
3

)uce

apple and

cheese.

to make
tomato and
| want

-h"

:pne

bou

",e

a sandwich. I need

bread.

ung

and
l" . bu)/
orange

u.

o rr rh".F'. on

tomatoes in the kitchen.

r rnr, de. d. o
vegetable soup at the supermarket.

have
to make
Can I

ll

a/an

and some

lohn\

Underlne the correct verb in each sentence.

1 lhere j / are sofieftuit on the table.


'tete ts / ae sa"ne \eat r the fr dge
: lhere rs,z are some sandwiches in
the kitchen.

4
5
6
7

/ dre sorne money in rny bag.


fete s / are some paper in the box.

ice cream.

and

onions!

Write four sentences about the thints that


are on your desk. Use There s/ore wifh a,

There ls

Thete s ,/ are same pens on Brian's desk.

Iherc

is

ore so'fle )nformation about the

city in this book.

eating

You can't make pasta. you only have

carrot

rdl

wat

in the kitchen. Het drinkin8

cup of coffee and

oranges, please?
oransejLrjce.

There ,J,/ dre some good songs on this CD.

There are some pens and same pencls an my de:

t-

'tl much

Fill in the blnks wit\ much ot ony.

and many

80 lo

Complete the dialogue with the words


in the box.

8r-,

We do1'r hv" .dly


'' hool

classes onlyfour

a day. ln

the classes, we don't

read n8. The act vlties

are usualLy speaking and listenlng to mllsic.


There aren't'1
and they're all really cooI They never 8]ve us
homework. We get one
or two short exerclses a week. We don't
tests, and theYie

have'

atways very easy, so we don't sPend

time studying.
Ofcourse. there isn't 6
to thisl ldon't think there!
but

itt

fun

.truth
a school like

that,

to iragine itl

vocabutanv
ind ei8ht more thln8s

we use to eat or drik in the wordsnake and

@tt'em.
t

kttuu,,kn,fu@*ur.oo*q.u,.rcer

".roreoon{o
Use the words

from Exercise 4a to label

the picture.
mu.h su8ar rany hours much exercise
many emaiLs 1:F*j]+d many calories

plsle

much weiSht

e&

Denise: what do yoLr want to eat?


salah: lust a sandwich, lthink. I don't eat
at lunchtime. How
rqc

frod

th-"re in thls drlnk?


Denise: I don't know but I don't think

,.

therei

czL__

in it.

'

Sarah: I would rather have some water. 'm on a

but .n nor losi18'


Denise: fhati because you dont 8et
d el.

Stop worryinS about

your food ad try to 8et in shape. How


a week do you spend

siting in fron ofthe complter?


SaGhr A

lotl But I can't help it. Do you know how


-.- I tet? Abolt 50 every

day. I spend

46

U[

two hours answerinSthem every

----{9r

-.|l

PPonuncation
*The schwa /e/ (thg)

tr f,![@

Listen and underlne the main stress in each phrase.


the syllables with the /e/ sound.

4
s
6

I lq@with Lemori
u bacon and eggs
I bananas and apples

ther(?cb

some frut and vetetables


a heaLthy beakfast
a Sood

dlet

|[ ffiffii

complete the phrases


from
Exercise 5a. Then
with words
listen, check and repeat.

lenny has Dqrq4 and eggs. Terrance


and butter ottie

hasr

has']

...

ad apples. Fruit

is important in a good

It's important to eat

too. A

healthy'

is

Sood

foryou, butyou should also exercise.

,@ tvenvoav

Engtsh

Comptte the expressions.

A: samantha? Can you come over


to my place and help me with
something?

B: Sure, no

/oblem I l'll

iarc..
a:

be there

minLites,

Look at ihese adjectives. Write them in the

My parets want me to help out

correct lists.

at home. You know take the

Then add two more adjectives to each list.

'a..

.lt's borin6,

|k

Fah,
,'\
m

th!
A:

.....

llhavetodo

dlshes every nightL

Do you enjoy runnis?

B:'A ..

I lt's a tot

offun.

It's better ln the rain 5a

wl

t1+icr. unheaLthy f'-++e aelc

difcult

successfuL

.k

ous
nterest n8

healthy treat boring beart


crazy unhappy

riSht?

Adject ves often have either a poslt ve or a


netative meain8. You can group them under
these two headin8s in your Vocabulary notebook.

OK?

trash out, clean my room

B,

study hetp

Positive

adlectives

lntLdti.

fut

NeSative adject vs

ar l,tl

IIffiffi
a

Read

READING TIP

th s text. three People are describinB thelr favorite


_l
-eol. Pad.rp rlr ard ".^er e qLesT of-.

Re ad ry

ln

Who doesnt eat meat?

Who doesn't have cheese ln their real?

Who has some bread with thelr meal?

Who

uses tornatoes in

sp

ecifr c nfa r mat on

teLLs you the Senerat


text
and asks you to ind
ldea ofthe
sper fic lnforrnation.

Queston 8a

Mgrjc!

First read the questions carefLrlly.

Notice the question word


Who ... TThis teLts you that each

their meal?

answer willbe a Person. Check


the text qulckly to find the

Comptete the tabte with words fro the text.


Fruit an vesetabLes

far

otherfood

Und-.rlne key words n the


question (for exarPle, Who
daesn't eat Degj?) \Nen Yat)
read, Look forthe key words

(for example, nedf)and for


retated words (for example, beef
.hi.ken). Focus on these Parts of

the text and read them

:.

carefuLLY.

Look oLrt for negatives n


the questions and in the

text. These are importantfor


the meann8, and they are
somet mes a little difficlrltL

Dione: l'4y fovor te lood Ls osogne.


lmoke lwifh beeforsousoge n o

de icious souce. 0f course, YoLl need

posto o5 ]lel , ond some lomotoes


for the souce I put ots of cheese in
my l0soqne. ond lLrs!o ly eot it wth o

green solod.

l'1y

Choose some of the food in


the picture, ad write about
a dish that you like.

Diane

Mox: I rec! y love ndion curr


dod ofien mokes cL.lrrY us

wFte

es.

ch cken or beef ond oion5 ond

yogurt.We hove tIVth Ttce.Some


peop e hove lnd on breod wlth thelr

*fl

curry. but I don't like t verY much.

Morq:

'm o vegetorion, ond one of

myfovorite dishes is coIot soup.lt's


verygood forYou, ond lt s quick ond
eosy to moke-Youlusi need corrots,
onions ond pototoes ondjuice from on
oronge. When serve thesouP,lPUi
cheese on top. ond Leoi it w th breod.

t]N

"

..-"?'iP

r
n--------

ritt

the btant{s

Complete the text with the words in the box.

6sh appte doesn't some breakfast vegetables {aed eats beef


CookinS is a problern in the Linton

eat
.

famit

becaLrse everyone wants

n e,.,er), nal. He has egrs and salsage for

oranges

different food
, ard his

Mrs- Llnton doesn't like red meat, so she only eats chicken and

Mr. Linton likes

favor te d slr s rc,.

Their son Chris

letetar a Th s means iha.: he.


ea. reaL r aLl. For l,rnch. he r:uaLl has a saLacl. and I the
even ng he ha;'
$ ih pasta or ri.,. He aLlo:
: Lol oifnr r He has ar r
elerf oa) 5L !",heiheLntorss:do,niordirer rhere are oiien three differer
sa

meaLs on the tabLe.

.'.i

ffi

choose the c0FPect answePs

@th"
I

ao.r".t

Are you ready

"nswer:

a, b or c.

to

She

(o1f b food c drnk


Carrots

BO

. Lne

(,

ner'

We need

isn't

mlrch b

aren't

many c

aren't much

You

to bly sor

a on ons b orang c tomato

bread.

need onions for this soup.


a alot b Lots c alotof
want to buy
at the store.
a a rilk b some milk c some milks [

a potatoes b apple5 c lce

have

aa b much c lotof
WouLd you ti[e
cheese sadwich?
a sorne ba can
There suSar in rry coffee.

are my fa,.,orite veteiables.

a EBts b Bananas c
a: l'd L k some frLr t.

doesnl

vocabutany
What are they? Write:
F{=

2
3
a

Fruit)

Y (=

Ve-etable)

5Lr8ar

strIl
bread
appLe

8
9
to
ll
l2

How did you do?

fotal: E
I

(=

Other food)

(=

Drink) I(=Thints
tl oranSe juice

banana

14

mlk

'15

foft

water

17

cheese

t8

Very good

we use to eat,/drink)

oranSe

plate

glass

o(

)5 ))

vocabulany banlr
Unit

hobbies and interests

=iil1
.t.
"-.iit i

keepinS a journal

collectin6 stickers (stamps,/coins)

bird watchins

drawlnt pictures

hanging out with friends

makin6 models

going for walks

,dt

Unit

,R "eor" o raog'oDD,.

,"qM

ffi#;"?

ffi

ishing

ro do, qD.'/t-.

housework

I a pillow
a
2 a comforter 5
3 avacuumcleaner 6

a (cleanins) cLoth

amop

a bucket

rr (clothe, hansers
a cupboard t4 a trash can
a magazine rack ll
a CD rack
12
a wrdroDe 15 poster
(book)shelves

ro

(dresser)

drawers

ii[;
r-

VOCABULARY BAI{K

==-'
-'...'-

l;

I
Unit

5 multi-word

-_l

verbs (l) (with up, down, on, off)

(,

,:*1- ::

to stand up

to 8et on

Unit

to set

off

sports equipment and places

a helmet

boxint (cyclin8,/

60alie,/8o lf) gloves

field hockey

a soccer (basebatl)

(lacrosse,/polo) stick

a surf (skate) boa rd

l0

a tennis (squash,

ring

14

a hockey (ice skating)

rik

lknee/elboy.t/

shin)pads

Il

volleyball).ourt

13 a (boxind

to sit down

a tennis (squash./

badminton)racker

soccer(tennis,/rugby)
shorts

a soccer (rugby,/

12

soccer

(tenis,/utby)

shirt

a swimming

pool

baseball)field

15

a sym

)
VOCABULARY BANK

99

r-Vocabulany bank
Unit

keeplng

hobbies and interests


a

tournal

ir --::
:
!..t': --.

collectinsstckers(stamps,/coins)

ffi

...i. r;

bird-watch ng

drawlng pictures

hanSinS out with friends

making modets

going for walks

taknt care of

lo

a cat (dos,/rabbit)

Unit 4 housework
'l a p llow
4 a (cleanint)cloth
2 a comforter 5 amop
3 a vacuum cleaner 6 a bucket

6shin8

doinS puzzles

(book)shelves

a masazine

a CD

rack

rack

10
11

12

t: {clothes) hangers
a cupboard t4 a trash can
a wardrobe 15 a poster
(dresser)

drawers

ril ilii flll fll

ffiffi'ffi

l6--xffiffi!Mxffiffi

_--ta
5 multi-word

Unt

verbs (l) (with up, down,

to 8et up

to stand up

to 8et on

to get off

Unit

to sit down

to lie down

to turn

off

sports equipment and places

helmet

field hockey

box ng (cyclin8,/
6oal e,/golf) gloves

a soccer (baseball)

(knee,uelbow,z

shin)pads

so.cer(tenns,/ru8by)

tennis (squash,/

badm nton)racket

(lacrosse,/polo) stick

a soccer (tenn is,/rugby)

shlrt

,"}

a surf kate) board

l0

a tenn s (squash,/

ll

volleyball)court

13 a (boxind

ri8

14

a hockey (ice skating)

rink

a soccer iru6by,/

baseball)fieLd

ls

tym

12

a swimming pool

Unit

wor<

(to work)at home

(to work) in an office

(to work) in a store

(to work) in a factory

lg:;:),"1"1;i.'

.-l-l-'it"r*,

!)""-':i"
s

(to work) a day shift

Unit

(to work) a niSht shift

8 food ,/ things we use to

gLass

bowl

::4;p-!5*
i' -."e"
i'n** -./

(to earn) an hourly wage

(to earn) a salary

a cup

12

chopsticks

eat and drink

a napkin

:'

lo

a dish

ll

a straw

13 a mu8

GnammaP peference
unt 3
Simple present (affrrmative and negative; questions and short answers)

We use the s mple present for actions that happen repeatec y or habiruaLLy.
Solly often goes ta the swmminSpool.
We have breakf.tst dt 7:3O every mornn+.
We also use the smple present for thn8s thatare atways or normaLLy t.ue.
{aw on trees.

Apples

With most subiects, the simpLe present

wi,ldtn'dpe\o1'rBLd.s-DF,

is

the same

lhe. sh. a

1.

play tennk an Frdays.

catches

he

nisses the

tfa verb ends with consonant *y, we

18

plays tennis an Frdays.


My brother warks in Baston.

verb ends wth Jh. rh.5s or x. we add (

he washes she

she

the base form ofthe verb. However

She

My parents work n Bostan.

fa

as

e te b 1d d ,. "rd

fixe5

change the y to and add e5.

studes he woffes

The neSative of the simple present is formed with don t


la not) ot doesn t (doe5 nor) + base form of the verb.
she doesn't lke frsh.
students donT wear uniforns.
jack doesn t wear a unlforn.

questions and short answers areformd with do or doej.


Yes,I do. ,/ t.lo, I don't.
Do they ploy the Eutar?
Yes, they da ./ No, they don t.
Daes Silva lve here?
Yes, she daes. ,/ No she doesk't
SimpLe present

lke + -ng

After verbs that show likn8 and not

kinS we

We love Boiry to the movies.


My sster enjoys wotching DVDS ot ham

lf

often use verb

+ ,,/r8.

My parents hate pinq ta the supernorket.


I don't like don! ny honewark.

verb ends in e, we dropthe e before adding -ln&

lve livng

tide

fa short verb ends

ridng
in I vowel+ I consonant, we doubte ihe natconsonant before addinS n&

get Betring 5hop

unt

shoppnt

Present continuous for activties happenint now

I
2

We use theeresent connnuous for ac.iont that are happeninS now orround thetime ofspeakn8.
My bath Yre watchin| Ty ight now
The present contin uous ls formed with the snrpte present ofbe + verb + i,S
t'n enjayrythk baak.
I'n not enjoyng thts baak.
Yau're workry very hard!
You arcn7 warkinq very hard
Alison is lstening ta music.
Alson isnt lstenry ta musit.
The question

formed with the simple present ofbe * subject


Yes,

Are the Erk havng lunch?


Whot ore you dong?

verb +

i,18.

he s../ Na, he isn7.

'les, they are.,/

No they oren't

Why is she louthin!?

CRAMIVlAR REFERENCE

Simple present vs. present continuous

Time expressionsfor repeate a.tons are often used wth the simple present.
Time expressionsfor present ortemporary actions are often used wlth the prsent .ontinuous.

everyday on Mondoys on the weekend today tonght ths afternaon thisweekend


usually sametmes aften nevet
rlght naw atthe moment taday
Some verbs arent normally used n the continuous form. Here are some commo examptes:

believe know understand remenber want need mean like hote


t,enembet you. We need some rr,ilk. Davd loves pasto.

unt 5
Simple past: e

I
2
3

We use the smpLe past to talk ahout act ons and events ln the past.
The simpLe past ofb iswas/wosnt at were,/werent.
I wos in town yenerday.
My sster wasnT wth ne.
We were at oftiend's house last ni4ht.
We wotched some avies, but they werenl vety Bood.

QLestions with ws,/wsre areformed by puttinSthe verb before the subject.


were you nthe park yesterday?
was )ason with yau?

Simple past: regular verbs

ln the simple past, reSular verbs have an ed ending The form is the same for alL subjects.

lwalked to the park.


carlo opened the wndaw

lfa verb ends

Yau played saccer well yenerddy.


It started to ron n the afternaan.

in e, we add only d:lke

- liked

lf a verb ends with consonant +)a we chage

stuy studed try tred marry

hate

- hated use

the/ to,

used

and add

morried

fa short verb ends n l voweL+ I consonant, we double the finaLconsonant before addn8 e.
stop - stapped plan planned

The ne8atve of the smple pattis didnt ldid nat) + base form ofthe verb. This is the same for alLsuble.ts
I didnl like the movie last nght.
He dinI study lost nght.
we ddnI wolk ta school.
The bus ddn? stop for me.
Pasttme expresslons are often u5ed with the simple past.

yenerday yesterday mornne lost nght last week

unt

a month

ago

two yeats

alo

on Sunday

Simple past: regular and irretular verbs


A

ofcommon verbs are ireguLar Thi5 means that the simple past forr is different.lreSular verbs
have the usual sd endinS. There is a Llst of irreSular verbs o pa8 122 ofthe Studenti Book.
Lot

ga waft
Simple

see

ont

- saw eat ote think thoutht

p .t: questions

and short answers

Simple past questlons and short answers are formed with did. The form is the safe for reSular and tregular verbs.
Dd yau talk to Earbarothis mornins?
D they ploy tens yesterday?

Dd Bruno

105

home afterthe party?

CRAMMAR REFERENEE

Yes, t dd.
Yes,

,/

No.

tddn't

they dd../ No, they din1.

Yes, he dtd.

No, he ddn?.

unt 7
/

hove to

don't have to

We useav to to saythat it is necessary or very importantto do somethinS.


1 m late. I have to
We have to be at school at 8:3O.
80

naw.

With

) nmy

thrd perso singular subje.t


to stay in

is very sick. He has

(h, she,

bed.

it), we use har to.

My mther has to ga ta Toronto tonorrow for a meetng.

We use the negatv fort dont,/doesn't have tato say that t s't ne.essary or important to do somerhing.
lt s e,xrLy, so t dont hove to
Diona doesn't have to get up eatly on Sundays.

hurry.

Quesuons are formed with do ot does: Do t have to go to

he

past fatm is had ta ,/ ddnt have

to.Ilforn

ioanna had to Ba ta the dentst last week.


Yesterdoy was a halday, so we din't have to
Did you have to ran the clothes lost night?

is

schaol?

the same for

alL

Does he have to pay?

subjeds.

ta schaoL

All forms of hrye to are followed by the base forr of the verb.

unt

Count and noncount nouns

NoLns in English are count ornoncount. CoLnt nouns have a si8ular and a pturatform.
houses apple apples questan questions

car cars house

men child chldren person

2
3

people

Noncount nouns don't have a pluralforr. They are singular.


faod nusc money rce brea informoton
Ths food tu harrible.
rhs infarmaton is wran+
Sometmes a noun can be count or oncount, dependinB on its meaning in the sentence.
t Lke coffee. (nancount) 1'd like two coffees, please. (= two cups of coffee, count)

o./on and some

I
2

Wlth sinSular count nouns, we can use


They lve in an apattment

.,/dn

With pluralcount nouns, we

lwant to buy some e$s.

se some:

to indicate a nonspeciic thinS or person.


Hes carryn+ dn unbrello.

Wth oncount nouns, we don't use a,/a/. We usesome,Lets have some bread.

much and mony

We use m,"ry with pLLral count nouns ad

mu. with noncount nouns.

Count

She daesn't eat many ve#tobles.

He doesnl eat

How many chldrcn da they hve?

How

we

usualLy use

Ba to nony cancetts.
'\any \andwrhes da yo wann

ln a',rrmative sentences, we normally use a


Chris has lats

of,/

some ad any
1 We use sane a

a lot ofbaaks

He doesn't listen to nuch nusc.


How mu.h hamework d yau have?

lotofor

/ots

of

We havr lots

af,/

a lot ofhamework

any wth plural nous and noncount ouns

some oppLes some foad

da we have?

mdnyand r,l].h in neSative sentences and questions.

td<t

H.

nuch frut.

uchtine

any

apples

any load

We use some for an unspecic num ber o. amount We normalLy use some in af6rmative sentences.
1 bought sone opplesatthe supermarket.
t'n Faine ta buy soeood.
We norrally usey in negative sentences and questions

Ihere werent any books in the roam.

k there ony food in the

frdge?

GRAMMAR REFERENCE

'i06

ner to advanced
'tilt,

'til,

fiitit

'!:

lit

I
HM
(82, CAMBRIDGE
pREss
uNI\TRSrTy

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