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# Home Work ( Probability Distribution, Test of Hypothesis, Correlation and

Regression ).
1.a) Write down 5 examples of each of binomial variable, Poisson variable and
normal variable. Under what conditions a binomial variable transforms to Poisson
variable ? How would you decide that a continuous variable would follow normal
distribution ? Write down the characteristics of normal distribution. What are the
shape characteristics of Poisson distribution and exponential distribution ? Write
down an example of exponential distribution. What are the values of 1 and 2
of Poisson, normal and exponential distribution ?
b) Given E( X ) = V ( X ) = 4, where X is a discrete random variable; write
down the probability function of X and comment on the shape characteristic of
the distribution. Also , find P ( X 2 ) , P ( 1 X < 4 ) , P ( X > 3 )
c) Given E ( X ) = 4 , V ( X ) = 16, where X is a continuous random variable ;
write down the probability density function of X and comment on the shape
characteristic of the distribution. Also, find P ( X 2 ) and P ( 1 < X 4 ) , P
(X 2).
d) Given f ( x ) = e x , x > 0 and f (x ) = e x , 0, x 0 ; write down the
values of mean, variance, 1 , 2 and comment. Also, find P ( X 2 ) and P
(1<X 3).
e) Given E ( X ) = 4, V ( X ) = 2 ; write down the probability function of X,
where X is
a discrete random variable . Also calculate P ( X 1 ) ,P ( 1 < X 3 ), P (
X 3)
f) Given E ( X ) = 4 , V ( X ) = 3 ; Write down the probability function of X ,
where
X is a discrete random variable . Also, calculate ( i ) P ( 2 X < 4 ) , ( ii ) P (
X > 4)
2. Eighty per cent devices of a workshop work properly. One day 10 devices are selected
at random . Find the probability that , out of 10 devices , ( i ) all work properly , ( ii ) at
best 2 work properly , ( iii ) at least 3 work properly . Ans. : ( i ) 0.1073 ( ii ) 0.000078 ,
( iii ) 0.99992 .
What are expected number of devices and variance of the number of devices which work
properly ? Ans. : 8.0 and 1.6 , respectively .
3. A group of students are equally well trained to develop a program and all of them have
50 % chance to develop the program successfully . Ten students are selected at random
and they are asked to develop the program separately . Find the probability that ( i ) none
becomes successful,
( ii ) five become successful , ( iii ) at least 2 become successful , Ans : ( i ) 0.00098 ,( ii )
0.2461
( iii ) 0.9893 .
What are expected number and variance of number of students who become successful ?
Ans. : 5 and 2.5 , respectively .
4. Two per cent mobile sets produced by a company are usually found defective . The
company produces 200 sets per day . Find the probability that in a days production there
will be ( i ) 4

( ii ) at least two , ( iii ) at best two defective sets .Ans :( i ) 0.19537, ( ii ) 0.90842 ,( iii )
0.2381
If the production is observed for a week , what is the probability that in 3 days there will
be 4 defectives ? Ans. 0.1094 .
5 .The average number of signals sent from a station is 3 per day which do not reach
properly to the another station . Find the probability that the signals which are sent in a
day but not reached properly are ( i ) 3 , ( ii ) at least 3 , ( iii ) at best 2 . Ans. ( i )
0.22404,( ii ) 0.57681 ,(iii ) 0.42319
If the signals sent in 7 days are observed , what is the probability that in 3 days at least 3
signals do not reach properly ? Ans 0.21543 .
6. The life length ( in days ) of electric bulb follows N ( 400 , 5000 ) . Find the
probability that the life length of a randomly selected bulb is ( i ) more than 350 days ,
( ii ) less than 450 days ,
(iii ) between 300 to 500 days . Ans. ( i ) 0.7611 , ( ii ) 0.7611 , ( iii ) 0.8414 .
If 10 bulbs are observed at random , what is the probability that the life length of 6 bulbs
is more that 350 days ? Ana. 0.13296 .
7. The consumption of electricity per day ( in MW ) follows N ( 3800 , 45000 ) . Find the
probability that in a randomly selected day the consumption ( i ) exceeds 4500 MW , ( ii )
is less than 3700 MW , ( iii ) is between 3500 MW to 4200 MW . Ans . ( i ) 0.0005 , ( ii )
0.3192 ,
( iii ) 0.8913 .
If the consumption is observed for a week , what is the probability that it will be between
3500 to 4200 MW for 5 days ? Ans . 0.1396 .
8. The average time needed to open a computer is 2 minutes . Find the probability that a
computer will be opened ( i ) within 2 minutes , ( ii ) after 3 minutes , ( iii ) within 2 to 3
minutes . Ans . ( i ) 0.63212 , ( ii ) 0.2231 , ( iii ) 0.14478 .
If a man is in queue for half - an hour , what is the probability that he will be able to
open within 35 minutes ? Ans. 0.91792 .
9 a). The average time needed to repair a mobile phone set is 1 hour . Find the probability
that a set will be repaired ( i ) after 1 hour 30 minutes , ( ii ) by 2 hours , ( iii ) between 1
hour 20 minutes to 1 hour 40 minutes . Ans . ( i ) 0.2231 , ( ii ) 0.8647 , ( iii ) 0.0755 .
If a customer is in queue for 1 hour , what is the probability that his set will be repaired
within 90 minutes ? Ans. 0.3935 .
b) The random variable X follows Rayleigh distribution, where mode of the distribution
is 0.25 . Find the probability that the value of X will be i ) more than , (ii ) less than
1/3 , ( iii ) between 1/3 to .
10. Write down some examples of stochastic process , Markov process , counting process
and Poisson process . Under what conditions a stochastic process becomes Markov
process and counting process ; a counting process becomes Poisson process ? What are
the mean and variance of the distribution of waiting time ?
11. Customers enter to a mobile repairing shop from 9 10 and from 10 11 with
probability 0.6 . Customers also enter to the shop from 10 11 but not from 9 10 with
probability 0.8 . Find the probability that the customers will enter to the mobile repairing
up to 2 PM stating from 9. Ans. 0.66656 .

12. E.mails enter to a cyber caf after several stages . An e.mail sent from a station
reaches to the next stage with probability 0.4 . Find the probability that an e.mail sent
from cyber cafe reaches to another cyber caf to the address at 5th stage . Ans. 0.5008 .
13. E. mails enter to a cyber caf at a Poisson rate = 2 per minute . Find the probability
that the elapsed time between the entrance of 10th and 11th mail is ( i ) more than 1 minute
, ( ii ) less than 2 minutes , ( iii ) between 1 to 2 minutes . Ans . ( i ) 0.13534 , ( ii )
0.98168 , ( iii ) 0.11702 .
Find the expected time until the entrance of 10th mail . Ans. 5 minutes .
14. Define sampling and simple random sampling with example . Show , by an example ,
that mean of simple random sample is an unbiased estimate of population mean ; sample
variance is an unbiased estimate of population variance .
The data given below are the e.mails received by an organization in different days :
x : 10,12,11,15, 3,10,13, 9, 6, 20, 6, 4, 11, 10, 12,15,25, 21, 9, 13,17, 8, 9,
15,11,13,10,7,11, 5,
i ) Select 10 days at random and estimate the average number of e.mails received per
day .
ii ) Find 95% confidence interval for the average number of e.mails.
iii) Select 6 days by systematic sampling method and estimate the standard error of the
estimated total number of e.mails.
15. The number of miss calls received by a person in different days are randomly
observed and given below :
Number of miss calls : 5, 3, 6, 4 , 2 , 8 , 2, 6, 5, 3 .
These are selected from the record of a year .
Estimate average number of miss calls received per day along with the standard error of
the estimate of average . Also, estimate the total number of miss calls along with its
standard error .
16. Define sampling distribution . What are the different types of sampling distribution ?
Mention important applications of different sampling distributions . Write down the
difference between t statistic and z statistic .
17. The following are the number of computers creating problem in a laboratory in
different days
Number of computers : 8, 6, 10, 12, 3 , 11, 9, 7, 10, 4
Do you think that the average number of problem creating computer per day is 8 ? The
number of problem creating computers of another laboratory are as follows :
Number of e.mails : 12, 10, 6 , 11 , 2, 11, 13, 12, 8, 5, 14, 8
Are the two laboratories similar in respect of problem creating computer ?
18. The following are the number of e.mails received by different organizations in
different days
Organizations
Number of e.mails received in different days
1
10 , 12 , 11 , 14 , 12
2
15 , 7 , 12 , 16 , 17
3
17 , 12 , 14, 17 , 25
4
8 , 8 , 12 , 10 , 9
Are the organizations similar in respect of mails received ? Is there any difference
between organization-2 and organization 3 ? Group the homogeneous organizations .

19. The following are the number of signals received by different stations in different
days :
Days
Signals received in different days by different stations ( x i j )
1
2
3
4
5
1
30
32
40
50
25
2
25
36
30
60
52
3
22
40
45
55
43
4
20
45
50
56
35
5
30
50
40
50
30
6
25
40
56
60
40
i) Are the stations similar in receiving signals ? ( ii ) Is there any difference among days
in receiving signals ? ( iii ) Is there any difference between station 1 and station 2 ?
iv ) Is there any difference between day 3 and day 4 ?
20. a ) Eighty per cent students are usually become successful in writing program . Once
20 students are asked to write a program . Among 20 students 12 become successful . Is
the assumption regarding the students correct ?
b ) In a laboratory there are 70 Samsung and 30 Philips computers . Ten Samsung
computers and 4 Philips computers create problem during work . Are the proportions of
problem creating computers similar for both types of computers ?
c ) The computer centers of different localities are classified according to level of
income . The
classified results are given below :
Lvel of income
Number of centers of localities
1
2
3
4
Medium
5
12
14
15
High
12
16
5
25
Is there any association between level of income and number of centers of localities ?
22. Estimate the parameters of the following probability density function :
i ) p( x ) =

e x
x!

, x = 0 , 1 , 2 , . , ( ii ) f ( x ) =

e x /

, x>0

iii ) f ( x ) = e x , x > 0 .
23. The following are the number of e. mails received in different days by different
organizations :
Days ( x )
: 5
8
3
10
15
No. of mails received ( y ) : 54 65 12
128
158
Fit a line of y on x by least square method . Also, draw scatter diagram of the data .
24.The following are the amount of life length ( y in days ) of electric bulbs , the time of
use of the bulbs ( x 1 in hours ) per day and the price ( x 2 in taka ) of a bulb:
x1 : 6
7
8
10
7
5
x 2 : 26
29
26
23
29
27
y : 300 365
200
180
400 500
i ) Fit a regression line of y on x 1 and test the significance of regression .
ii ) Estimate y if x 1 = 9
iii ) Calculate correlation coefficient of x 1 and y and test the significance of
correlation.

## iv ) Fit a linear regression line of y on x 1 and x 2 and test the significance of

regression .
Estimate y when x 1 =12 and x 2 = 40 .
Comment on r = 1 , b y x = -2 .
25 . Given the information of two samples as follows :
Sample 1
Sample 2
2
n 1 = 12 , x1 j = 442 , x1 j = 17200 ; n 2 = 7 , x 2 j = 280 , x 22 j = 11350
Are the two samples selected from the same population ?
26. The following are the number of e.mails received by an organization in two
consecutive weeks :
Number of e.mails of week 1 : 23 , 35 , 30 , 50 , 34 , 60 , 48 ,
Number of e.mails of week 2 : 18 , 40, 50 , 45 , 32 , 55 , 55
Is there any difference in receiving e.mails in two weeks ?