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Regression ).

1.a) Write down 5 examples of each of binomial variable, Poisson variable and

normal variable. Under what conditions a binomial variable transforms to Poisson

variable ? How would you decide that a continuous variable would follow normal

distribution ? Write down the characteristics of normal distribution. What are the

shape characteristics of Poisson distribution and exponential distribution ? Write

down an example of exponential distribution. What are the values of 1 and 2

of Poisson, normal and exponential distribution ?

b) Given E( X ) = V ( X ) = 4, where X is a discrete random variable; write

down the probability function of X and comment on the shape characteristic of

the distribution. Also , find P ( X 2 ) , P ( 1 X < 4 ) , P ( X > 3 )

c) Given E ( X ) = 4 , V ( X ) = 16, where X is a continuous random variable ;

write down the probability density function of X and comment on the shape

characteristic of the distribution. Also, find P ( X 2 ) and P ( 1 < X 4 ) , P

(X 2).

d) Given f ( x ) = e x , x > 0 and f (x ) = e x , 0, x 0 ; write down the

values of mean, variance, 1 , 2 and comment. Also, find P ( X 2 ) and P

(1<X 3).

e) Given E ( X ) = 4, V ( X ) = 2 ; write down the probability function of X,

where X is

a discrete random variable . Also calculate P ( X 1 ) ,P ( 1 < X 3 ), P (

X 3)

f) Given E ( X ) = 4 , V ( X ) = 3 ; Write down the probability function of X ,

where

X is a discrete random variable . Also, calculate ( i ) P ( 2 X < 4 ) , ( ii ) P (

X > 4)

2. Eighty per cent devices of a workshop work properly. One day 10 devices are selected

at random . Find the probability that , out of 10 devices , ( i ) all work properly , ( ii ) at

best 2 work properly , ( iii ) at least 3 work properly . Ans. : ( i ) 0.1073 ( ii ) 0.000078 ,

( iii ) 0.99992 .

What are expected number of devices and variance of the number of devices which work

properly ? Ans. : 8.0 and 1.6 , respectively .

3. A group of students are equally well trained to develop a program and all of them have

50 % chance to develop the program successfully . Ten students are selected at random

and they are asked to develop the program separately . Find the probability that ( i ) none

becomes successful,

( ii ) five become successful , ( iii ) at least 2 become successful , Ans : ( i ) 0.00098 ,( ii )

0.2461

( iii ) 0.9893 .

What are expected number and variance of number of students who become successful ?

Ans. : 5 and 2.5 , respectively .

4. Two per cent mobile sets produced by a company are usually found defective . The

company produces 200 sets per day . Find the probability that in a days production there

will be ( i ) 4

( ii ) at least two , ( iii ) at best two defective sets .Ans :( i ) 0.19537, ( ii ) 0.90842 ,( iii )

0.2381

If the production is observed for a week , what is the probability that in 3 days there will

be 4 defectives ? Ans. 0.1094 .

5 .The average number of signals sent from a station is 3 per day which do not reach

properly to the another station . Find the probability that the signals which are sent in a

day but not reached properly are ( i ) 3 , ( ii ) at least 3 , ( iii ) at best 2 . Ans. ( i )

0.22404,( ii ) 0.57681 ,(iii ) 0.42319

If the signals sent in 7 days are observed , what is the probability that in 3 days at least 3

signals do not reach properly ? Ans 0.21543 .

6. The life length ( in days ) of electric bulb follows N ( 400 , 5000 ) . Find the

probability that the life length of a randomly selected bulb is ( i ) more than 350 days ,

( ii ) less than 450 days ,

(iii ) between 300 to 500 days . Ans. ( i ) 0.7611 , ( ii ) 0.7611 , ( iii ) 0.8414 .

If 10 bulbs are observed at random , what is the probability that the life length of 6 bulbs

is more that 350 days ? Ana. 0.13296 .

7. The consumption of electricity per day ( in MW ) follows N ( 3800 , 45000 ) . Find the

probability that in a randomly selected day the consumption ( i ) exceeds 4500 MW , ( ii )

is less than 3700 MW , ( iii ) is between 3500 MW to 4200 MW . Ans . ( i ) 0.0005 , ( ii )

0.3192 ,

( iii ) 0.8913 .

If the consumption is observed for a week , what is the probability that it will be between

3500 to 4200 MW for 5 days ? Ans . 0.1396 .

8. The average time needed to open a computer is 2 minutes . Find the probability that a

computer will be opened ( i ) within 2 minutes , ( ii ) after 3 minutes , ( iii ) within 2 to 3

minutes . Ans . ( i ) 0.63212 , ( ii ) 0.2231 , ( iii ) 0.14478 .

If a man is in queue for half - an hour , what is the probability that he will be able to

open within 35 minutes ? Ans. 0.91792 .

9 a). The average time needed to repair a mobile phone set is 1 hour . Find the probability

that a set will be repaired ( i ) after 1 hour 30 minutes , ( ii ) by 2 hours , ( iii ) between 1

hour 20 minutes to 1 hour 40 minutes . Ans . ( i ) 0.2231 , ( ii ) 0.8647 , ( iii ) 0.0755 .

If a customer is in queue for 1 hour , what is the probability that his set will be repaired

within 90 minutes ? Ans. 0.3935 .

b) The random variable X follows Rayleigh distribution, where mode of the distribution

is 0.25 . Find the probability that the value of X will be i ) more than , (ii ) less than

1/3 , ( iii ) between 1/3 to .

10. Write down some examples of stochastic process , Markov process , counting process

and Poisson process . Under what conditions a stochastic process becomes Markov

process and counting process ; a counting process becomes Poisson process ? What are

the mean and variance of the distribution of waiting time ?

11. Customers enter to a mobile repairing shop from 9 10 and from 10 11 with

probability 0.6 . Customers also enter to the shop from 10 11 but not from 9 10 with

probability 0.8 . Find the probability that the customers will enter to the mobile repairing

up to 2 PM stating from 9. Ans. 0.66656 .

12. E.mails enter to a cyber caf after several stages . An e.mail sent from a station

reaches to the next stage with probability 0.4 . Find the probability that an e.mail sent

from cyber cafe reaches to another cyber caf to the address at 5th stage . Ans. 0.5008 .

13. E. mails enter to a cyber caf at a Poisson rate = 2 per minute . Find the probability

that the elapsed time between the entrance of 10th and 11th mail is ( i ) more than 1 minute

, ( ii ) less than 2 minutes , ( iii ) between 1 to 2 minutes . Ans . ( i ) 0.13534 , ( ii )

0.98168 , ( iii ) 0.11702 .

Find the expected time until the entrance of 10th mail . Ans. 5 minutes .

14. Define sampling and simple random sampling with example . Show , by an example ,

that mean of simple random sample is an unbiased estimate of population mean ; sample

variance is an unbiased estimate of population variance .

The data given below are the e.mails received by an organization in different days :

x : 10,12,11,15, 3,10,13, 9, 6, 20, 6, 4, 11, 10, 12,15,25, 21, 9, 13,17, 8, 9,

15,11,13,10,7,11, 5,

i ) Select 10 days at random and estimate the average number of e.mails received per

day .

ii ) Find 95% confidence interval for the average number of e.mails.

iii) Select 6 days by systematic sampling method and estimate the standard error of the

estimated total number of e.mails.

15. The number of miss calls received by a person in different days are randomly

observed and given below :

Number of miss calls : 5, 3, 6, 4 , 2 , 8 , 2, 6, 5, 3 .

These are selected from the record of a year .

Estimate average number of miss calls received per day along with the standard error of

the estimate of average . Also, estimate the total number of miss calls along with its

standard error .

16. Define sampling distribution . What are the different types of sampling distribution ?

Mention important applications of different sampling distributions . Write down the

difference between t statistic and z statistic .

17. The following are the number of computers creating problem in a laboratory in

different days

Number of computers : 8, 6, 10, 12, 3 , 11, 9, 7, 10, 4

Do you think that the average number of problem creating computer per day is 8 ? The

number of problem creating computers of another laboratory are as follows :

Number of e.mails : 12, 10, 6 , 11 , 2, 11, 13, 12, 8, 5, 14, 8

Are the two laboratories similar in respect of problem creating computer ?

18. The following are the number of e.mails received by different organizations in

different days

Organizations

Number of e.mails received in different days

1

10 , 12 , 11 , 14 , 12

2

15 , 7 , 12 , 16 , 17

3

17 , 12 , 14, 17 , 25

4

8 , 8 , 12 , 10 , 9

Are the organizations similar in respect of mails received ? Is there any difference

between organization-2 and organization 3 ? Group the homogeneous organizations .

19. The following are the number of signals received by different stations in different

days :

Days

Signals received in different days by different stations ( x i j )

1

2

3

4

5

1

30

32

40

50

25

2

25

36

30

60

52

3

22

40

45

55

43

4

20

45

50

56

35

5

30

50

40

50

30

6

25

40

56

60

40

i) Are the stations similar in receiving signals ? ( ii ) Is there any difference among days

in receiving signals ? ( iii ) Is there any difference between station 1 and station 2 ?

iv ) Is there any difference between day 3 and day 4 ?

20. a ) Eighty per cent students are usually become successful in writing program . Once

20 students are asked to write a program . Among 20 students 12 become successful . Is

the assumption regarding the students correct ?

b ) In a laboratory there are 70 Samsung and 30 Philips computers . Ten Samsung

computers and 4 Philips computers create problem during work . Are the proportions of

problem creating computers similar for both types of computers ?

c ) The computer centers of different localities are classified according to level of

income . The

classified results are given below :

Lvel of income

Number of centers of localities

1

2

3

4

Medium

5

12

14

15

High

12

16

5

25

Is there any association between level of income and number of centers of localities ?

22. Estimate the parameters of the following probability density function :

i ) p( x ) =

e x

x!

, x = 0 , 1 , 2 , . , ( ii ) f ( x ) =

e x /

, x>0

iii ) f ( x ) = e x , x > 0 .

23. The following are the number of e. mails received in different days by different

organizations :

Days ( x )

: 5

8

3

10

15

No. of mails received ( y ) : 54 65 12

128

158

Fit a line of y on x by least square method . Also, draw scatter diagram of the data .

24.The following are the amount of life length ( y in days ) of electric bulbs , the time of

use of the bulbs ( x 1 in hours ) per day and the price ( x 2 in taka ) of a bulb:

x1 : 6

7

8

10

7

5

x 2 : 26

29

26

23

29

27

y : 300 365

200

180

400 500

i ) Fit a regression line of y on x 1 and test the significance of regression .

ii ) Estimate y if x 1 = 9

iii ) Calculate correlation coefficient of x 1 and y and test the significance of

correlation.

regression .

Estimate y when x 1 =12 and x 2 = 40 .

Comment on r = 1 , b y x = -2 .

25 . Given the information of two samples as follows :

Sample 1

Sample 2

2

n 1 = 12 , x1 j = 442 , x1 j = 17200 ; n 2 = 7 , x 2 j = 280 , x 22 j = 11350

Are the two samples selected from the same population ?

26. The following are the number of e.mails received by an organization in two

consecutive weeks :

Number of e.mails of week 1 : 23 , 35 , 30 , 50 , 34 , 60 , 48 ,

Number of e.mails of week 2 : 18 , 40, 50 , 45 , 32 , 55 , 55

Is there any difference in receiving e.mails in two weeks ?

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