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# Making a Magic Square

## Mathematical - logical activity in Gimnazjum nr3 Mylenice, Poland

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17

10

11

Some properties:

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Magic number is 30

3+6+7+9+10+11+13+14+17 = 90

90:3=30

## 30:3 =10 the number in the middle

10=
7=

, 14=

,6=

, 13 =

+ + =336 = + +
+ + = 374 = + +
Create magic square from the number : 1,3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17 using this
properties.
1+3+5+7+9+11+13+15+17=81
81:3=27 magic number
27 :3= 9 number in the middle

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17

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You can notice that in this magic square are working 3 numbers 9, 6, 2:

9-2
9+6+2
9-6

9-6+2 9+6
9

9-6-2

9+6-2 9+2

We can try make own magic square using 3 number in such way,
for example 5, 3, 1

5-1

5-3+1

5+3

5+3+1

5-3-1

5-3

5+3-1

5+1

## Benjamin Franklin, a former president of the USA, discovered a way of

creating a magic square for any chosen magic number.
He did this by using algebra, whereby you choose values for a, b and c,
then substitute them into the formulas shown in the grid.

Fill in the correct numbers in the Magic Square, for the given values of a,
b and c.

1) a = 6, b = 4, c = 1

2) a = 10, b = 6, c = 2

Magic Number =

Magic Number =

3) a = 12, b = 10, c = 5

4) a = 25, b = 25, c = 6

Magic Number =

Magic Number =

Can you see the link between the magic number and a, b or c?

## Making a Magic Square (your own ones!)

Fill in the correct numbers in the Magic Square, for the given values of a, b and
c.

1) a = , b = , c =

2) a = , b = , c =

Magic Number =

Magic Number =

## Why does this work?

Imagine we added up the rows and columns using the algebra instead of
numbers:
a-c+a-b+c+a+b = 3a
In every row, column and diagonal, the Algebra adds up to 3a
So they will all be the same number
The middle number multiplied by 3!

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18

10

14

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## Add two of this magic squares

16

18

10

14

12

=
12

24

27

15

21

18

You have next magic square. What is the magic number ? 45 = 15 +30

Use your math skills to fill in each in these magic squares.
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.