Narrative devices: Key Terms OMNISCIENT

Description Narrative is in the perspective of multiple characters view. EXAMPLE = 'Vantage Point' (Pete Travis, 2008) which shows one event from different perspectives. Narrative is only shown from the perspective of one person. EXAMPLE = 'Fight Club' (David Fincher, 1999) where the narrative is shown only from the perspective of the nameless main character.

Positive Negative This allows more changes for More information is dramatic irony which is a key revealed; this results in less convention for the thriller genre. questions to be asked. It allows more questions to be asked and adds suspense as everything is not revealed. May become predictable as the narrative is restricted to one point of view.

RESTRICTED

NARRATOR

The main function of the narrator is to explain the story. This can Helps the audience to Could possibly reveal too be done in one of two ways; 1st Person Narrator (the characters understand the plot; this will be much about the story which is a character in the plot, often the characters thoughts) or 3rd more effective if used with a nondecreases the thriller Person Narrator (characters that we do not see, often used in a linear narrative as that technique aspects as the main thrill omniscient narrative) can become confusing. comes from the unknown. This is used consistently throughout the thriller genre as it is used When used correctly, it creates to create mystery. suspense for the audience which compels them into watching. This moves the story forward, ellipses such as these allow all low- Allows all areas of low-interest to Too many ellipses could action scenes to be removed from the narrative. be removed from the plot; this will create a confusing narrative. help to keep the audience engaged and intrigued. This is the main hero/heroine in the story. A dilemma is often created for this character which he/she must overcome. This the main villain in the story. The job of this character is to either hinder or stop the protagonist reaching a certain target/aim. This is the audience belief in the plot. Vital to the thriller genre. If an certain plot/narrative does not seem real to the audience the suspense and thrill factor will be immensely decreased as they will be less engaged in the action.

ENIGMA CODE

ACTION CODE

PROTAGONIST ANTAGONIST

VERISIMILITUDE

LINEAR

The narrative has a start, middle and end in that particular order. It is straight forward and easy for the audience to understand.

It make become repetitive and predictable for the audience as it is the convention format.

NON LINEAR

This is where the narrative is not in chronological order. Multiple Will help to engage the audience If not used correctly or too flashbacks and flash forwards are used with this format. as they have to stay focused in excessively, it may become order to keep up with the plot. confusing. This is when we see one thing in the film, but another event is refered to, but we do not see this event. Encourages the audience to use their imagination. Also key to the thriller genre as multiple questions can be asked about the event that is not showed.

SIMULTANEOUS ACTION