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Turbines - ME-48
Discipline: Mechanical
Level: Specialized
Instructors: Ronald Frend
This five-day course is an intensive, intermediate level program for experienced
mechanical equipment engineers or facilities engineers to develop and expand their
capabilities in controls, monitoring and problem analysis of gas turbines. This course
focuses on defining the systems and subsystems that form the gas turbines; the potential
problems with these systems and subsystems; monitoring techniques for early detection
of problems; and methods to analyze the monitored variables to detect potential problems
or reconstruct reasons for failures. Case studies are used throughout the course.
Who should attend:
Experienced mechanical or facilities engineers and senior technicians needing an
understanding of operations, control, monitoring and troubleshooting gas turbines utilized
in the oil and gas industry.
You will learn:
To understand various types and classes of gas turbines
How to match gas turbines to centrifugal compressors, pumps and electrical
generation equipment
To understand system integrity (availability and reliability)
How to evaluate gas turbines performance during startup and operation
How to identify gas turbines system and auxiliary components
How to define and use appropriate monitoring techniques and tools
How to utilize effective operation and shutdown procedures
How to analyze common gas turbines problems, such as vibration, performance
degradation, system or control induced instabilities and surge
How to solve instrumentation, system and control problems
Understand the inter-relationships of drivers, couplings, gearboxes, and driven
Installation techniques, equipment failures and appropriate maintenance practices
Economic considerations
Topics Covered:
Gas turbines in the oil and gas industry
Operating principles of gas turbines
Electric machinery: motors and generators

Driven equipment: Pumps and Compressors

Transmission systems
Auxiliary Systems
Principals of operation and major components of gas turbines: rotors, blades, shafts,
combustion chambers, nozzles, etc.
Auxiliary systems: lube oil, seal oil, fuel, start-up, etc.
Evaluation of turbine performance parameters during start-up and normal operation
Troubleshooting control systems for gas turbines: start-up, speed and temperature
controls, vibration
Principles of operation and general components of compressors: rotors, seals,
diaphragms, etc.
Operating characteristics curves
Surging phenomenon
Choking phenomenon
Compressor instrumentation: various control loops; anti-surge control loops
Compressor safety interlock and trip systems
Gas turbine and compressor systems start-up and shutdown procedures
Normal operation - monitoring of parameters
Logging of monitoring checks
Key performance variables and means to monitor
Process parameters (pressure, temperature, flow, equipment performance)
Machine integrity
Monitoring and gas turbines
Vibration monitoring
Case Studies
Mr. Ron Frend has almost forty years of engineering, consulting and management
experience starting his career with Shell Tankers (UK) as an engineer officer cadet
through to chief engineer, then taking up a maintenance engineering position in Oman
rising to a senior management position in Shell International (Middle East) before opening
an engineering consultancy in 1989. His entire career has been concerned with practical
applications of maintenance, operations and engineering. Ron is experienced in a variety
of engineering and maintenance analytical techniques as well as possessing management
skills suitable to an engineering consultancy and a large multi-national corporation.
Highlights of Ron's career include centrifugal compressor optimization of surge control
systems, introduction of enveloped demodulation vibration analysis techniques and
development of a methodology to calculate U and R values based on infrared thermal
imaging measurements. Ron is currently based in Blackpool, England where he is
managing director of his own consultancy. He is a registered engineer with a M.Sc. from
Huddersfield University in England as well as being a certified Chief Engineer Officer

In-House Course Presentations

All courses are available for in-house presentation to individual organizations. In-house
courses may be structured the same as the public versions or tailored to meet your
requirements. Special courses on virtually any petroleum-related subject can be arranged
specifically for in-house presentation. For further information, contact our In-House
Training Coordinator at one of the numbers listed below.
Telephone 1- 832 426 1234
Facsimile 1- 832 426 1244
Public Course Presentations
How to contact PetroSkills:
1-800-821-5933 toll-free in North America or
Telephone 1-918-828-2500
Facsimile 1-918-828-2580
Address P.O. Box 35448, Tulsa, Oklahoma 74153-0448, U.S.A