You are on page 1of 37

Coimbatore

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


This article is about the city in Tamil Nadu, India. For its namesake district, see Coimbatore
district.

Coimbatore

Kovai
Metropolis

Clockwise from top: Avinashi Road, Perur


Pateeswarar Temple, Victoria Town Hall, Ukkadam
Periyakulam Lake, PSG College of Technology,
Tidel Park

Nickname(s): Manchester of South India

Coimbatore
Location of Coimbatore in India

Coordinates:

1116N 765821ECoordinates:
1116N 765821E
India
Tamil Nadu
Kongu Nadu

Country
State
Region
Government
Type
Body
Mayor
Corporation
Commissioner
Area
Metropolis
Metro[1]
Elevation
Population (2011)
Metropolis
Metro[1][2]
Demonym
Languages
Official
Time zone
PIN
STD Code

MayorCouncil
CCMC
Ganapathy P Rajkumar
Dr K Vijay Karthikeyan, IAS
246.75 km2 (95.27 sq mi)
642.12 km2 (247.92 sq mi)
411.2 m (1,349.1 ft)
1,050,721
2,136,916
Coimbatorean
Tamil
IST (UTC+5:30)
641XXX
+91-422

Vehicle registration
Website

TN 37 (South), TN 38 (North),
TN 66 (Central), TN 99 (West)
www.ccmc.gov.in

Area Note 1: The pre expansion area of city limits was 105.6
sq.km. The 2010 expansion order added 12 local bodies and
increased the total area to 265.36 sq.km. However in 2011, three of
the local bodies were dropped from the expansion and two more
added instead. Those removed were Vellalore (16.64 sq.km),
Chinniampalayam (9.27 sq.km) and Perur (6.40sq.km). Those added
were Vellakinar (9.20) and Chennavedampatti (4.5). So the actual
area post expansion is 246.75 sq. km.[3][4][5][6]
Population Note 1: The census 2011 data is available only for pre
expansion city limits.[7] For the expanded city limits only 2001
census data is available. Pre expansion the population was 930882.
[4]
After the 2010 expansion GO, the population became 1262122.[4]
But after the small changes mentioned in the previous note were
made, the 2001 population figure was 1250446.[3][8] However the
2011 census data for the urban agglomeration is available and has
been provided.[7]

Coimbatore also known as Kovai, [koj] is a city in India. It is the second largest city and
urban agglomeration in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, after Chennai[9] and the sixteenth largest
urban agglomeration of India. It is one of the fastest growing tier-II cities in India and a major
textile, industrial, commercial, educational, information technology, healthcare and
manufacturing hub of Tamil Nadu.[10] It was the capital city of the historical Kongu Nadu and is
often referred to as the Manchester of South India.[11][12] The city is located on the banks of the
Noyyal River surrounded by the Western Ghats and is administered by the Coimbatore
Municipal Corporation. Coimbatore is the 4th largest metropolis in South India and the
administrative capital of Coimbatore district. Coimbatore has been ranked 4th among Indian
cities in investment climate by CII[13] and ranked 17th among the top global outsourcing cities by
Tholons.[14]

Contents

1 Name

2 History

3 Geography

4 Climate

5 Demographics

6 Administration

7 Urban structure

8 Suburban areas

9 Politics

10 Economy

11 Culture

12 Languages

13 Cuisine

14 Transport
o 14.1 Air
o 14.2 Rail

14.2.1 Monorail

o 14.3 Road

15 Education

16 Media and communication

17 Healthcare

18 Sports

19 Recreation

20 Environmental issues

21 International relations
o 21.1 Twin towns Sister cities

22 See also

23 References

24 External links

Name
One theory for the city's name states that Coimbatore is a derivation of Kovaiputhur (lit. new
town of covai), chieftain Kovan or Koyan, who ruled the region around the city. Kovaiputhor
evolved into Koyambatoor, which was anglicised as Coimbatore. Another suggested etymology
involves the Dravidian root ru 'river' (DED 4233).[15] Yet another theory states that the name
could have been derived from Koniamman, the goddess whose temple is situated in the city.[citation
needed]
Henry Whitehead in his Village Gods of South India (1921) states that the goddess
worshipped by Koyan came to be called as Koyamma which evolved into Kovaiamma and later
Koniamma.[16]

History
Main article: History of Coimbatore

The Sugarcane Breeding Institute at Coimbatore, 1928


The region around Coimbatore was ruled by Sangam Cheras and it served as the eastern entrance
to the Palakkad Gap, the principal trade route between the west coast and Tamil Nadu.[17] The
Kossar tribe mentioned in the second century CE Tamil epic Silappathikaram and other poems in
Sangam literature is associated with the Coimbatore region (Kongu Nadu).[18] Large numbers of
Roman coins and other artifacts have been unearthed around Coimbatore, indicating the region's
ties with Roman traders. The Coimbatore region is in the middle of the "Roman trail" that
extended from Muziris to Arikamedu.[19][20] The medieval Cholas conquered the Kongu Nadu in
the 10th century CE. A Chola highway called "Rajakesari Peruvazhi" ran through the region.[21][22]
Much of Tamil Nadu came under the rule of the Vijayanagara Empire by the 15th century. The
Vijayanagara reign brought new settlers from Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. In the 1550s, the
military governors (Madurai Nayaks) of the Vijaynagara Empire took control of the region. After
the Vijayanagara Empire fell in the 17th century, the Madurai Nayaks established their state as an
independent kingdom, with other Vijayanagar offshoots forming new kingdoms in Vellore,
Tanjore, Gingee, Chandragiri and Mysore. The Nayaks introduced the Palayakkarar system
under which Kongu nadu region was divided into 24 Palayams.[23]
In the later part of the 18th century, the Coimbatore region came under the Kingdom of
Mysore,following a series of wars with the Madurai Nayak Dynasty.When part of Kingdom of
Mysore the region was under the administration of Hyder Ali and later Tipu Sultan of Mysore.

After defeating Tipu Sultan in the Anglo-Mysore Wars, the British East India Company annexed
Coimbatore to the Madras Presidency in 1799. The Coimbatore region played a prominent role in
the Second Poligar War (1801) when it was the area of operations of Dheeran Chinnamalai.[24] In
1865, Coimbatore was established as the capital of the newly formed Coimbatore district and in
1866 it was accorded municipality status.[25] Sir Robert Stanes became the first Chairman of the
Coimbatore City Council.[26] Industrialization of the region begin in 1888 and continued into the
20th century. The region was hard hit during the Great Famine of 187678 resulting in nearly
200,000 famine related fatalities. On 8 February 1900 an earthquake struck Coimbatore
damaging many buildings. The first three decades of the 20th century, saw nearly 20,000 plaguerelated deaths and an acute water shortage.[27][28] The city experienced a textile boom in the 1920s
and 1930s due to the decline of the Cotton industry in Mumbai.[29] The region played a
significant role in the Indian independence movement.[30] Post independence, Coimbatore has
seen rapid growth due to industrialisation. In 1981, Coimbatore was constituted as a corporation.
[31]

Geography
Main article: Geography of Coimbatore

Western Ghats along the Coimbatore-Palghat National Highway


Coimbatore is situated in the west of Tamil Nadu, bordering Palakkad district of the state of
Kerala. It is surrounded by the Western Ghats mountain range to the West and the North, with
reserve forests and the (Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve) on the northern side.[32] The Noyyal River
runs through Coimbatore and forms the southern boundary of the corporation.[33][34] The city sits
amidst Noyyal's basin area and has an extensive tank system fed by the river and rainwater.[35]
The eight major tanks / wetland areas of Coimbatore are Singanallur, Valankulam, Ukkadam
Periyakulam, Selvampathy, Narasampathi, Krishnampathi, Selvachinthamani, and
Kumaraswami.[36] Sanganur pallam, Kovilmedu pallam, Vilankurichi-Singanallur Pallam,
Karperayan Koil pallam, Railway feeder roadside drain, Tiruchy-Singanallur Check drain and
Ganapathy pallam are some of the streams that drain the city.[33][37]
The eastern side of the Coimbatore district, which includes the city, is predominantly dry. The
western and northern parts of the district border the Western Ghats the Nilgiri biosphere, the
Anaimalai range and the Munnar range. A western pass to Kerala, popularly referred to as the
Palghat Gap is the western boundary. Because of its close proximity to the Western Ghats, the
district is rich in fauna. The Coimbatore urban wetlands harbours around 116 species of birds. Of
these, 66 are resident, 17 are migratory and 33 are local migrants.[38] Spot-billed Pelican, Painted

Stork, Open Billed Stork, Ibis, Spot-billed Duck, Teal, Black Winged Stilt are some of the
migratory birds that visit Coimbatore wetlands regularly.[32]
Apart from the species common to the plains, wild elephants, wild boars leopards, tigers, bison,
various species of deer, Nilgiri Tahr, sloth bear and black-headed Oriole can also be found.[39]
The Anamalai Wildlife Sanctuary 88 km (55 mi) in the Western Ghats at an altitude of 1,400
meters covers an area of 958 square kilometres (370 sq mi). More than 20% of the district is
classified as forest, lying in the west and north. The forests here are abundant in commercially
significant trees such as teak, sandalwood, rosewood and bamboo. The Nilgiris slope of the
Mettupalayam range is rich in sandalwood trees and bamboo. They vary from rich tropical
evergreen forests of the Punachi range to jungles of shrubs in southern ranges. Apart from the
high altitude regions of Western Ghats, most of the forest area has come under Lantana invasion.
The locals refer to this as Siriki Chedi.

Climate
Coimbatore has a pleasant, salubrious climate due to its proximity to thickly forested mountain
ranges and the cool breeze blowing through the Palghat gap which makes the consistently hot
temperatures pleasant.[33] Under the Kppen climate classification, the city has a tropical wet and
dry climate, with the wet season being from October to December due to the northeast monsoon.
Coimbatore is located at an elevation of about 411 meters.[32] The mean maximum and minimum
temperatures varies between 35 C (95 F) and 18 C (64 F).[40] highest temperature ever
recorded is 41 C (106 F) and lowest is 8 C (46 F).[41]
Due to the presence of the mountain pass, more elevated parts of the district benefit from the
south-west monsoon in the months from June to August. After a warm, humid September, the
main monsoon starts from October lasting till early November. These monsoons are brought
about by the retreating monsoon. The average annual rainfall is around 700 mm (27.6 in) with
the North East and the South West monsoons contributing to 47% and 28% respectively to the
total rainfall.[40] This rainfall is not enough to sustain the needs of the city for the entire year and
the shortage is made up through water supply schemes like Siruvani, Pilloor and Athikadavu.[42]
[43]

The soil is predominantly black, which is suitable for cotton cultivation, but some red loamy soil
is also found. Coimbatore falls under the Class III/IV Seismic Zone, having experienced a 6.0
Richter scale earthquake in 1900.[44]
[hide]Climate data for Coimbatore (19712000)

Month Jan

Feb Mar Apr May Jun

Jul

Aug Sep

Oct Nov Dec

Year

Record 35.6 37.6 39.7 40.3 40.4 38.6 35.6 35.7 36.2 36.1 34.4 35.0
high C (96.1) (99.7) (103.5 (104.5 (104.7 (101.5 (96.1) (96.3) (97.2) (97) (93.9) (95)

40.3

(F)

(104.5)

Average
30.5 33.3 35.9 36.7 35.2 32.2 31.6 31.6 32.5 31.6 30.1 29.3
32.5
high C
(86.9) (91.9) (96.6) (98.1) (95.4) (90) (88.9) (88.9) (90.5) (88.9) (86.2) (84.7) (90.5)
(F)

Average
18.2 19.5 21.3 23.4 23.5 22.4 21.8 21.8 22.0 21.8 20.7 19.0
21.3
low C
(64.8) (67.1) (70.3) (74.1) (74.3) (72.3) (71.2) (71.2) (71.6) (71.2) (69.3) (66.2) (70.3)
(F)

Record
11.7 12.8 15.6 17.8
low C
(53.1) (55) (60.1) (64)
(F)

16.1 18.3 16.7 17.2


(61) (64.9) (62.1) (63)

17.8
(64)

15.0
(59)

13.9
(57)

12.2
(54)

11.7
(53.1)

Average
5.4
13.0 15.1
71.2 27.4 35.5 35.5 74.3 123.1 122.2
rainfall
48.0
46.0 606.0
(0.213 (0.512 (0.594
(2.803 (1.079 (1.398 (1.398 (2.925 (4.846 (4.811
mm
(1.89)
(1.811) (23.858)
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
)
(inches)

Avg.
rainy
days

0.3

1.0

1.0

3.0

4.2

2.7

2.6

2.6

4.6

7.4

5.8

Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[45][46]

Demographics
[show]Historical population

2.8

38.3

Marudamalai Murugan Temple


According to 2011 census, Coimbatore had a population of 1,050,721 with a sex-ratio of 997
females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[49] A total of 102,069
were under the age of six, constituting 52,275 males and 49,794 females.The average literacy of
the city was 82.43%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[49] There were a total of
425,115 workers, comprising 1,539 cultivators, 2,908 main agricultural labourers, 11,789 in
house hold industries, 385,802 other workers, 23,077 marginal workers, 531 marginal
cultivators, 500 marginal agricultural labourers, 1,169 marginal workers in household industries
and 20,877 other marginal workers.[50]
As per the 2001 census,[51] Coimbatore had a population of 1,565,797 within Municipal
Corporation limits.[3][4][8] The population of the urban agglomeration as per 2011 census is
2,136,916.[1] In the urban agglomeration, males constitute 50.08% of the population and females
49.92%. Coimbatore has an average literacy rate of 89.23%, higher than the national average of
74.04%. Male literacy is 93.17% and female literacy is 85.3% with 8.9% of the population under
6 years of age. The Sex ratio was 964 females per 1000 males.[52] In 2005, the crime rate in the
city was 265.9 per 100,000 people, accounting for 1.2% of all crimes reported in major cities in
India. It ranked 21st among 35 major cities in India in the incidence of crimes.[53] In 2011, the
population density in the city was 10,052 per km (26,035 per mi).[7]
The native language spoken in the Coimbatore city is Tamil. The city's population is
predominantly Hindu, along with a small group of Muslim[54] population. Christians, Sikhs and
Jains are also present in small numbers.[8][55][56] Coimbatore also has a large number of
Kannadigas / Telugus,[57] Malayalis,[58][59][60] mainly from Palakkad and North Indians,[61] mainly
Gujaratis,[62] who are engaged in trade and commerce. During the 1970s the city witnessed a
population explosion as a result of migration fuelled by increased economic growth and job
opportunities.[48][63] Around 8% of the city's population lives in slums.[64]

Administration

Logo of Coimbatore Corporation


Main articles: Administration of Coimbatore and Coimbatore City Municipal Corporation

Corporation officials
Mayor

Ganapathy P. Rajkumar

Deputy Mayor

S. Leelavathiunni[65]

Commissioner

Dr K Vijay Karthikeyan, IAS

[66]

Coimbatore is a Municipal corporation as well as the headquarters of the Coimbatore District.


The city is divided into five administrative zones East, West, North, South and Central, each
further subdivided into 20 wards.[67] Each ward is represented by a councilor who is elected by
direct election. Councillors from each zone also elect a Zonal Ward Committee chairman and
most importantly the Deputy Mayor through their numbers . The Mayor of Coimbatore is elected
by the city's voters directly. The executive wing of the corporation is headed by a Corporation
Commissioner. The corporation runs and maintains basic services like water, sewage and roads.
[68][69]
The district itself is administered by the District Collector. The district court is the highest
court of appeal in Coimbatore. The Coimbatore City Police is headed by a Commissioner and
there are 18 Police stations in the city.[70]

Urban structure

Race Course Road, Coimbatore


Coimbatore is divided into five broad regions: North, West, Central, South and East. Some years
before Coimbatore Corporation limit is increased and taken some near rural parts into
Coimbatore metropolis. Coimbatore city now have 100 wards. Coimbatore East and its
surrounding region is primarily a textile and industrial hub. Central Coimbatore is the
commercial heart of the city. Coimbatore, is surrounded by the mountains on the west, and the
reserve forests on the northern side. The western and northern part of the district borders the
Western Ghats with the Nilgiri biosphere. A western pass to Kerala, popularly referred to as the
Palghat Gap provides its boundary with the metropolitan area limits.[71]

Suburban areas
A large part of the Coimbatore urban agglomeration falls outside the Municipal corporation
limits.[72] These suburbs are governed by local bodies called Village Panchayats and Town
Panchayats.[73] Besides the Coimbatore Municipal Corporation, the Coimbatore UA comprises
the town panchayats of Vellalur, Irugur, Sulur, Pallapalayam, Kannampalayam,Chinna

Thadagam Veerapandi, Periyanaickenpalayam, Narasimhanaickenpalayam, Idikarai, Vedapatti,


Perur, Madukkarai, Ettimadai, Thondamuthur, Uliyampalayam, Thirumalayampalayam,
Othakalmandapam, Chettipalayam, Alanthurai, Pooluvapatti, Thenkarai, Karumathampatti,
Sarcarsamakulam, Mopperipalayam and Gudalur and census towns of Ashokapuram,
Kurudampalayam, Malumichampatti, Selvapuram, Chettipalayam, Sulur, Chinniampalayam,
Somayampalayam, Muthugundun Pudur, Arasur, Kaniyur and Neelambur[2] These local bodies
are in turn split into wards each electing a councillor through direct election. The head of the
local body known as president[74] is elected by the councillors from among their number.[69]

Politics
Coimbatore elects ten members to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly and one member to the
Indian Parliament. The five legislative assembly constituencies in the city are Coimbatore North,
Coimbatore South, Kaundampalayam, Singanallur and Sulur. All five are part of the Coimbatore
Parliamentary Constituency. Till 2009, there were only four assembly constituencies in
Coimbatore Coimbatore East, Coimbatore West, Singanallur, and Perur. Also about 20% of the
urban agglomeration came under the Nilgiris constituency which runs into the northern part of
the city and about 10% came under the Pollachi (Lok Sabha constituency). In the last Lok Sabha
election held in 2009, Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI-M) candidate won in the
Coimbatore Lok Sabha constituency.[75] In the last legislative assembly election held in 2011, the
ADMK led front won in all five assembly constituencies.[76]

Economy
Main article: Economy of Coimbatore

Lakshmi Mills was one of the earliest textile mills in 1910 in Papanaickenpalayam, Coimbatore
With more than 25,000 small, medium and large industries, the city's primary industries are
engineering and textiles. Coimbatore is called the "Manchester of South India" due to its
extensive textile industry, fed by the surrounding cotton fields.[77][78] The district also houses the
country's largest amount of hosiery and poultry industries.[citation needed] The city has two special
economic zones (SEZ), the Coimbatore Hi-Tech Infrastructure (CHIL) SEZ at Saravanampatti
and the TIDEL Park near Peelamedu, and at least five more SEZs are in the pipeline.[79][80] As of
2005, when Tirupur was a part of Coimbatore district, Coimbatore was the highest revenue
earning district in Tamil Nadu.[81] In 2010, Coimbatore ranked 15th in the list of most
competitive (by business environment) Indian cities.[82]

An insignificant little town prone to droughts and earthquakes till the early years of the 20th
century, Coimbatore region experienced a textile boom in the 1920s and 1930s.[29] Though,
Robert Stanes had established Coimbatore's first textile mills as early as the late 19th century, it
was during this period that Coimbatore emerged as a prominent industrial centre.

Tidel Park, one of the largest IT parks in the state

CODISSIA Trade Centre, Coimbatore


Coimbatore has trade associations such as CODISSIA, COINDIA, SITRA and COJEWEL
representing industries in the city. Coimbatore also has a 160,000 square feet (15,000 m2) trade
fair ground, built in 1999. It was named COINTEC due to its hosting of INTEC (Small Industries
Exhibition). The Trade Fair complex, one of the country's largest, was built in six months, and is
owned by CODISSIA (Coimbatore District Small Industries Association).[83] It is also the
country's largest pillar-free hall, according to the Limca Book of Records.[84]
Coimbatore houses a large number of medium and large textile mills. It also has central textile
research institutes like the Central Institute for Cotton Research (CICR) and Sardar Vallabhai
Patel International School of Textiles and Management. The South Indian Textiles Research
Association (SITRA) is also based in Coimbatore. The city also houses two of the Centers of
Excellences (COE) for technical textiles proposed by Government of India, namely Meditech, a
medical textile research centre based at SITRA, and InduTech based in PSG College of
Engineering and Technology.[85] The neighbouring city of Tirupur is home to some of Asias
largest garment manufacturing companies, exporting hosiery clothes worth more than 50,000
million.
The city is the second largest software producer in Tamil Nadu, next only to Chennai. IT and
BPO industry in the city has grown greatly with the launch of TIDEL park and other planned IT
parks in and around the city. It is ranked at 17th among the global outsourcing cities.[14]
Companies like Tata Consultancy Services, Cognizant Technology Solutions, IBM, Robert
Bosch GmbH, Ford, Cameron International Corporation, Dell, Wipro, HCL having a presence in
the city. Coimbatore is already the second largest hub in India for Cognizant Technology
Solutions as it employs around 5000 people in its Coimbatore centre and is planning to double its
capacity here.[86] Software exports stood at 710.66 Crores (7.1 billion) for the financial year
200910 up 90% from the previous year.[87] Apart from this, there are also lots of healthcare
BPOs (Medical Transcription, Coding and Billing) in and around Coimbatore serving the US
Healthcare industry.

Coimbatore has a large and a diversified manufacturing sector facilitated by the presence of
research institutes like Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, SITRA and large number of
engineering colleges producing about 50,000 engineers.[88]
Manufacturing of automotive components is also important to Coimbatore's economy. Maruti
Udyog and Tata Motors source up to 30% of their automotive components from Coimbatore.
Coimbatore has more than 700 wet grinder manufacturers with a monthly output As of March
2005 of 75,000 units[89] and is home to a common facility for the manufacturers of wet grinders.
[90]
Coimbatore motor and pump manufacturing industry supplies 40% of Indias requirements.[13]
The city boasts some prominent auto component companies such as Pricol and L.G.
Balakrishnan & Bros, which are listed on the stock exchanges. The city also has a number of tierI, II and III suppliers catering to the needs of the entire gamut of the automobile industry, ranging
from two-wheelers and four-wheelers to commercial vehicles and tractors.[91]
Coimbatore is one of the major gold jewellery manufacturing hubs in India, renowned for
making cast jewellery and machine made jewellery is also a major diamond cutting centre in
South India. .[92][93][94][95] The city is home to about 3000 jewellery manufacturing companies and
to over 40,000 goldsmiths,[96][97][98] who have an active association called Coimbatore Jewellery
Manufacturers' Association, and Coimbatore Gem and Jewellery Industries Private Limited
(Cojewel), which is a common facility with niche goldsmith machinery to be used by the
members of the association.Owing to the presence of a large number of jewellery manufacturers
and the strong engineering base, the city is home to a number of companies manufacturing
jewellery making machinery.
Coimbatore has some of the oldest flour mills in India. The large scale flour mills, which cater to
all the southern states, have a combined grinding capacity of more than 50,000 MT per month. In
the recent years, the city has seen growth in the hospitality industry with more upscale hotels
being set up.[99][100][101][102][103]
Coimbatore is the largest non-metro city for e-commerce in South India.[104]

Culture
Main article: Culture of Coimbatore
Coimbatore and its people have a reputation for entrepreneurship.[105][106] Though it is generally
considered a traditional city, Coimbatore is more diverse and cosmopolitan than other cities in
Tamil Nadu.[61][105] The city conducts its own music festival every year.[107] Art, dance and music
concerts are held annually during the months of September and December (Tamil calendar month
Margazhi).[108] The heavy industrialisation of the city has also resulted in the growth of trade
unions.[109] There are numerous temples in and around the city including the Perur Patteeswarar
Temple, Naga Sai Mandir, Konniamman temple, Thandu Mariamman temple, Vazhai Thottathu
Ayyan temple, ISKCON Temple, Eachanari Vinayagar Temple, Karamadai temple, Marudamalai
Murugan temple, Loga Nayaga Shani Eswaran shrine, Ashtamsa Varadha Anjaneyar Temple,
Panchamuga Anjaneya temple and Dhyanalinga Yogic Temple.[110] The Mariamman festivals, at
the citys numerous Amman temples, are major events in summer.[111] The mosques on

Oppanakara Street and Big Bazaar Street date back to the period of Hyder Ali.[112] Christian
missions date back to 1647 when permission was granted by the Nayak rulers to set up a small
church in Karumathampatti 12 km (7.5 mi). It was destroyed by Tipu Sultans army resulting in a
new church in 1804. In 1886, Coimbatore was constituted as a diocese after bifurcating with
Puducherry. Sikh Gurudwaras and Jain Temples are also present in Coimbatore.

Perur Pateeswarar Temple

Marudamalai Murugan Temple

Naga Sai Mandir


Ashtamsa Varadha Anjaneyar Temple

Eachanari Vinayagar Temple

Languages
Kongu Tamil is the dialect of Tamil language that is spoken majorly in the city. It is originally
known as "Kangee"`[113] or "Kongalam"[114] or "Kongappechu". The speciality of Kongu Tamil is
the use of the alveolar - Tra/Dra (as in the English word track) instead of retroflex T/D () of
standard Tamil. For example 'ennuDaya' (mine) of standard Tamil is pronounced enRa in the
Kongu dialect. Additionally the use of guttural nasal () that sounds "ng" as in the English word
Gang, is more prevalent in Kongu Tamil, leading to situations where the grammar of Kongu
Tamil would not fit into the grammar of standard Tamil (as laid down in authoritative treatises
like Tolkappiyam and Nannool). One of the examples is the use of to end a word like
"vaang", means 'come' expressed in a respectful tone, which in standard Tamil would be
"vaanga". English is increasingly spoken by the educated class and other languages spoken in the
city include Malayalam, Telugu and Urdu.

Cuisine
See also: Tamil cuisine

Coimbatore cuisine is predominantly south Indian with rice as its base. However, the population
of Coimbatore is multi-cultural due to the influx of migrant population from various regions of
the country. Most locals still retain their rural flavour, with many restaurants serving food over a
banana leaf. North Indian, Chinese and continental cuisines are also available. Mysore pak (a
sweet made from lentil flour and ghee), idly, dosa, Halwa (a sweet made of different ingredients
like milk, wheat, rice).The Annapoorna Gowrishankar Hotels is a gem of this region known for
its high quality vegetarian food and their Sambar ( The sambar for all its branches around
Coimbatore are prepared in a single large batch and then delivered to the branches, thus the taste
remains consistent). Biryani is also popular among the locals. Apart from this Coimbatore has a
very active street food culture, thanks to the migratory North Indian population that settled down
here a few generation ago, in fact a streetfood that is popular all over Tamil Nadu The Kaazhaan
has its origins here in Coimbatore, it is usually prepared by simmering deep fried
mushrooms( usually chopped mushroom) in a spicy broth, until it reaches a porridge like
consistency and served sprinkled with chopped oinions and coriander leaves.

Transport
Main article: Transport in Coimbatore

A view of Coimbatore International Airport

Coimbatore city railway station

Mettupalayam Road Bus Station, all north bound buses towards Nilgiris district start from here

A intra city bus operated by Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation

Coimbatore North flyover

Sungam bypass flyover above Ukkadam-Valankulam Lake

Air
The city is served by the Coimbatore International Airport at Peelamedu 15 km (9.3 mi) from the
city and an air-force base at Sulur 23 km (14 mi). The Coimbatore International Airport caters to
domestic flights to major Indian cities like Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad,
Kolkata, Mumbai, Vijayawada etc., and international flights to Sharjah and Singapore. According
to statistics available with the AAI, 12,95,977 passengers were flown from and to Coimbatore in
2013-14, including 11,76,428 domestic and 1,19,549 international passengers.[115] Its runway is
9,760 feet (2,970 m) in length and is capable of handling wide-bodied and "fat-bellied" aircraft
used for international flights.[116] Sulur Air Force Station, located at Kangayampalayam near the
periphery of the city, is an air base of the Indian Air Force. Air Carnival, a proposed airline
promoted by the CMC group is expected to commence operations in April 2015 with the
Coimbatore International Airport as the hub.[117]

Rail
Train service in Coimbatore started in 1863, upon construction of the Podanur Madras line
connecting Kerala and the west coast with the rest of India.[33] Broad gauge trains connect

Coimbatore to all parts of India and Tamil Nadu. Meter gauge line existed between Podanur and
Dindigul got closed on May 2009 and is under gauge conversion. The Coimbatore Junction is
well connected to all the major Indian cities. The Coimbatore Junction comes under the
Jurisdiction of the Salem Division and contributes 43.5% of its divisional income. This is the
second largest income generating station in the Southern Railway zone of Indian Railways after
Chennai Central. Coimbatore North Junction is another important railway junction in the city
apart from Coimbatore Junction and Podanur Junction. The other stations include Peelamedu,
Singanallur, Irugur, Perianaikanpalayam, Madukkarai, Somanur and Sulur Road. There is also a
byepass line between Irugur and Podanur which is used by some Kerala-bound trains which do
not enter Coimbatore city.
Monorail
Main article: Coimbatore Monorail
Three monorail routes have been proposed. Two circular routes, in the northern and southern
parts of the city and a dual linear line connecting the Eastern and Western parts. The Northern
Route starts from Gandhipuram via Ganapathy, Sivanandha colony, Saibaba colony, RS Puram,
Townhall, City Railway Station and ends in Gandhipuram. The second circular Route starts from
Podanur via Trichy Road, Sungam, Redfields, Race Course, City Railway Station, Ukkadam and
ends at Podanur. A linear line was also proposed from Chinniampalayam, Coimbatore
International Airport, CODISSIA, PSG Tech, Lakshmi Mills, Gandhipuram, Coimbatore North
Junction, Cowley Brown Road and TNAU. Recently Vadavalli and Thondamuthur are the two
new areas that has been included in the linear line as part of the phase extension.[118][119]

Road
There are six major arterial roads in the city: Avinashi Road, Trichy Road, Sathyamangalam
Road, Mettupalayam Road, Palakkad Road and Pollachi Road. There are three National
Highways passing through the city:

NH-47 Salem to Kanyakumari (via Palakkad, Kochi, Kollam, Trivandrum)

NH-67 Nagapattinam to Gundlupet (via Thanjavur, Tiruchirapalli, Karur,


Udagamandalam)

NH 209 Dindigul to Bangalore (via Palani, Pollachi, Sathyamangalam, Chamrajnagar,


Kollegal)

Apart from state and National Highways, the city corporation maintains a 635.32 kilometres
(394.77 miles) long road network.[33] Coimbatore has several major bus stations. The town buses
(intra-city) operate from the town bus stand in Gandhipuram to other bus stations across the city.
Inter-city and intra-city buses that connect Coimbatore operate from different bus stands:
Bus station

Services

Gandhipuram
Central

Tirupur, Erode, Salem,


Gobichettipalayam,
Sathyamangalam, Mettur
dam etc.

Gandhipuram
Town

All town services touching


Gandhipuram.

Singanallur

Madurai, Tirunelveli, Trichy,


Thanjavur, Kumbakonam
etc.

Ukkadam

Palakkad, Palani, Pollachi,


Udumalpet etc.

Coimbatore
North
(Mettupalayam
Road)

Mettupalayam, Ooty,
Mysore etc.[120][121][122]

SETC,
Gandhipuram

Express buses to Chennai,


Ernakulam, Bangalore,
Hyderabad, Tirupati,
Puducherry,
Thiruvananthapuram etc.

Omni Bus Stand,


Private mofussil buses.[123]
Gandhipuram
The city has a very high vehicle-to-population ratio. Town buses started operations in 1921.
Town bus services serve most parts of the city, as well as other towns and villages in the district.
Buses also connect the district with all major towns in Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka,aj
Puducherry and Andhra Pradesh. The number of inter-city routes operated by Coimbatore
division is 119 with a fleet of more than 500 buses.[124] A large number of intra-city private buses
operate within the city. The number of intra city buses in the city is around 800 in 228 different
routes.[125] The city is also served by auto rickshaws. The growth of call taxis is also on the rise
where more sophisticated taxi services are started emerging with more emphasise in luxury and
technology by using GPS tracking units in their taxi cabs. Some of the primary service providers
like Hello Taxi,[126] Taxi Taxi and many more are emerging in recent months. Daily Mofussil
buses on these National Highways are run by Government and as well as Private bus operators.
Major routes comprises Coimbatore to Sathyamangalam, Coimbatore to Palani,etc.

Education
See also: List of educational institutions in Coimbatore

PSG College of Technology in Peelamedu, Coimbatore


Coimbatore is an educational hub of south India. As of 2010, the Coimbatore district is home to
7 universities, 78 engineering colleges, 3 medical colleges, 35 polytechnics Colleges and more
than 150 Arts and Science Colleges and a large number of schools.[127][128][129] The city has reputed
universities like Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (est. 1971), Bharathiar University (1982),
Anna University Coimbatore (2007) and Avinashilingam university (1987).[130] The city also
houses research institutes like Central Institute for Cotton Research, Sugarcane Breeding
Institute, Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding (IFGTB), Indian Council of Forestry
Research and Education and Tamil Nadu Institute of Urban Studies.[131] There are also plans to
establish a world class university in the region and to convert the Government Arts college into a
unitary type university.[132][133]
The first college opened in Coimbatore was the Government Arts College (187576).[134] The
forest college and research institute was opened in 1916. The first engineering college in the city
was started by G.D. Naidu as the Arthur Hope College of Technology in 1945. Later it became
the Government College of Technology, Coimbatore. PSG College of Technology was
established later in 1951. The Air Force Administrative College was established in 1949 to train
Indian Air Force personnel. Coimbatore Institute of Technology (CIT) was started in the 1950s.
Coimbatore Medical College was opened in 1966 and the Government law college started
functioning from 1978. The agricultural school established in 1868 was converted into a fullfledged agricultural university (Tamil Nadu Agricultural University) in 1971 and the Slim Ali
Centre for Ornithology and Natural History was opened in 1990. Several private engineering and
arts & science colleges were started during the education boom in the 1990s.
In 1867, the first group of students appeared for the SSLC Examinations from Coimbatore.
Presently there are three types of schools in Coimbatore 1) government run schools
(corporation schools) 2) schools funded by the government but run by private trusts (aided
schools) and 3) schools funded and administered by private trusts. They are classified as Tamil
Nadu Anglo Indian School Board, Tamil Nadu State Board, Matriculation and CBSE schools
according to the syllabus taught in them. The Coimbatore Education District (not the same as the
revenue district) is the unit of administration for education in the city. In 2010, the number of
students who wrote the SSLC (Standard 10) and Higher Secondary (Standard 12) examinations
was both around 30,000.[135][136] The literacy rate in the city is 80%.[33]

Media and communication


Main article: Media in Coimbatore

See also: List of Tamil-language television channels


Four major English newspapers The Hindu,The Times of India, Deccan Chronicle and The New
Indian Express bring out editions from the city. Business Line, a business newspaper also brings
out a Coimbatore edition. Tamil newspapers which have Coimbatore editions include Dina
Malar, Dina Thanthi, Dina Mani, Dinakaran (all morning newspapers) and Tamil Murasu and
Malai Malar (both evening newspapers). Two Malayalam newspapers Malayala Manorama
and Mathrubhumi also have considerable circulation in the city.
A Medium wave radio station is operated by All India Radio, with most programs in Tamil,
English and Hindi. Five FM radio stations operate from Coimbatore Rainbow FM from All
India Radio, Suryan FM[137] from Sun Network,[138] Radio Mirchi,[139] Radio City, and Hello FM.
[140][141]
All these private radio stations air exclusively Tamil based programs, including film
music. The range of these stations cover Coimbatore, Tiruppur, Erode and Nilgiri districts of
Tamil Nadu and Palakkad and Wayanad districts of Kerala. Television relay started in 1985 from
Delhi Doordarshan. In 1986, after inception of a repeater tower at Kodaikanal, telecast from
Madras Doordarshan commenced. The people of Coimbatore witnessed the 1980 Olympics and
1983 Cricket World Cup on a giant screen in VOC Park when the city-based UMS developed a
dish antenna for satellite signal reception. Currently television reception is through DTH or by
cable, while Doordarshan reception is still available using an external antenna. In 2005,
Doordarshan opened its studio in Coimbatore.[142]
Coimbatore has a well connected communications infrastructure. Till the 1990s the state owned
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) was the only telecommunition service provider in the
city. In the 1990s, private telecom companies too started offering their services. Currently
besides BSNL, fixed line telephone services are offered by Reliance Communications and Bharti
Airtel. Dial up internet connections were first introduced (by HCL and BPL) in 1996 and
broadband internet (by BSNL) in 2005. As of 2010, BSNL, Reliance Communications, Bharti
Airtel, Tata Teleservices all offer broadband service through fixed lines and mobiles; MTS offers
mobile broadband alone.[143] Cellular telephony was first introduced in 1997.[144] Coimbatore is
the headquarters of the Tamil Nadu circle of cellular service providers. The telecom company
Aircel is headquartered in the city.[145] Mobile telephone services available in the city include
both CDMA and GSM connections.
Coimbatore is home to some of the oldest film studios in South India. Swamikannu Vincent, a
film exhibitor, set up the first movie studios in the city.[146] Rangaswamy Naidu established the
Central Studios in 1935 while S. M. Sriramulu Naidu set up the Pakshiraja Studios in 1945.[147]

Healthcare
The size of the Coimbatore health care industry has been estimated as 1500 Crore (150 million)
in 2010.[148] There are nearly 750 hospitals in and around Coimbatore with a capacity of 5000
beds.[149] The first health care centre in the city was started in 1909. In 1969, it was upgraded to
Coimbatore Medical College Hospital (CMCH). It is a government run hospital with a bed
strength of 1020 and provides free health care.[150] Including the CMCH, corporation maintains
16 dispensaries and 2 maternity homes.[33] The city also has many large multi-facility private

hospitals like the PSG Hospitals, Kovai Medical Center and Hospital (KMCH), KG Hospital,
Coimbatore Kidney Centre, G. Kuppuswamy Naidu Memorial Hospital(GKNM), Sri
Ramakrishna Hospital, Sheela Hospital, Kongunadu Hospital, Gem Hospital, Ganga Hospital,
Aravind Eye Hospital, Sankara Netralaya,Sankara Eye Centre, Lotus Eye Hospital, Ashwin
hospital, Vikram ENT hospital, Sheela Hospital,Coimbatore Cancer Foundation, G. P. Hospital,
Diabetes Care and Research Centre. The city is also a major centre for medical tourism.[148][151][152]
The city remains the preferred healthcare destination for people from nearby districts and also
from the neighbouring state of Kerala.[153]

Sports

A typical raceday scene at Kari Motor Speedway


Motor sports plays a large part in the city, with Coimbatore often referred to as the "Motor sports
Capital of India" and the "Backyard of Indian Motorsports".[154] S.Karivardhan, spearheaded
motor racing, making Coimbatore the country's motor racing hub when he designed and built
entry level race cars. Kari Motor Speedway is a Formula 3 Category circuit where formula cars
manufacturers and FIA member motorsport associations conduct championship races and rallies.
[155]
Tyre manufacturer MRF assembles Formula Ford cars in Coimbatore in association with
former F3 Champion J.Anand and racing company Super Speeds designs Formula cars.[156]
Rallying is another major event with all teams based in Coimbatore and rallies conducted in
closed roads around Coimbatore. Narain Karthikeyan, India's first Formula One driver hails from
the city. Other motorsport drivers from Coimbatore include J. Anand and V. R. Naren Kumar.[157]
Nehru Stadium, built originally for football also hosts athletic meets. The stadium has been
renovated with Korean grass for the field and a synthetic track around it for athletics.[158] Apart
from the stadium, the city also has several sports clubs including Coimbatore Golf Club, home to
a major 18-hole golf course [159] and Coimbatore Cosmopolitan Club, which is more than 100
years old,[160] was founded for Indian members only, in response to the English Coimbatore Club
which did not admit Indians until the 1950s. Coimbatore Flying Club is located in the
Coimbatore airport premises.[161] The city hosts its own annual marathon called Coimbatore
Marathon as an event to raise cancer awareness.[162] Retired tennis player Nirupama Vaidyanathan
hails from Coimbatore.[163]

Recreation
Main article: Entertainment in Coimbatore

VOC Park

Cross-cut road in Gandhipuram, one of the largest shopping hubs in Coimbatore


Coimbatore also houses a number of museums and art galleries like G.D. Naidu Museum &
Industrial Exhibition, H A Gass Forest Museum, Government Museum, Kadhi Gandhi Gallery
and Kasthuri Srinivasan Art Gallery and Textile Museum.[164][165][166][167] A science park and a
planetarium is being built near Codissia trade fair complex and will be inaugurated by May 2012.
[168]

There are several amusement parks in and around the city namely, Black Thunder water theme
park near Mettupalayam, Kovai Kondattam amusement park at Perur and Maharaja Theme Park
at Nillambur. [169] Since the 1980s, the city has had a few small shopping complexes.[170] Lately,
malls have come up including Brookefields Mall and Fun Republic Mall.[171] The city also has a
number of parks including VOC park, the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University park, Race Course
children's park, Bharathi park in Saibaba Colony and many more parks. Coimbatore Zoo houses
a number of animals and birds and is located near VOC park.[172] Singanallur lake is a popular
tourist place and bird watcher destination.[173] Though there are a lot of entertainment centres
mushrooming in the city, visiting the cinema still remains the city's most popular recreational
activity.[174]

Environmental issues
Air pollution, lack of proper waste management infrastructure and degradation of water bodies
are the major environmental issues in Coimbatore. Steel foundries were established in 1950s and
1960s when there were no residential areas nearby, but growth of the city led to creation of
residential areas around them.[citation needed] In 1990s the State Government and pollution control
board took major steps to re-locate the steel foundries out of the city.[citation needed] The textile mills
are all equipped with air treatment towers.[citation needed] Coimbatore has no proper underground
drainage or sewage system. There is a sewage treatment plant at Ukkadam in operation with the
capacity to process 70 mld of sewage water of which 20 mld is the current treating level.[175][176]
Garbage is collected by the Corporation[177] and sometimes by systems developed by the local
residents. Sewage is pumped into the water tanks and the Noyyal through streams. This along
with garbage dumping and encroachments has led to degradation of the water bodies and
depletion in the groundwater table.[178][179][180] During the 80s, the corporation planned on closing
the tanks due to encroachment by filling them with waste.[citation needed] But as a result of outcries
from civic associations, the plan was dropped.[citation needed] Currently the tanks are being renovated
by the city's environmental groups with their own fund-raising and the corporation.[181][182]
Siruthuli,[183] an environmental organisation founded by the city's industrial houses, undertakes

de-silting of tanks and cleaning of the Noyyal river.[184] The corporation is also taking efforts to
clear encroachment of the tanks.[185][186]

International relations
Twin towns Sister cities
Coimbatore has sister city relationships with the following cities of the world.
Country
United States

City
[187][188]

Toledo

State / Region
Ohio

Since
2010

See also

Birds of Coimbatore

References
1.
Thomas Brinkhoff. "India: Major Agglomerations". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2 February
2014.
and municipalities of Kuniyamuthur, Kurichi and Goundampalayam. "CONSTITUENTS
OF URBAN AGGLOMERATIONS HAVING POPULATION 1 LAKH & ABOVE, CENSUS
2011". Censusindia. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 17
October 2011.
Karthik Madhavan (2011-07-19). "Slim chances for 3 local bodies to be a part of
Corporation". Thehindu.com. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
"Tamil Nadu GO N0 219" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-01-31.
"Coimbatore set for expansive development". Hindu.com. 2011-02-14. Retrieved 201301-31.
"Area, Population and Density of Cities and Towns of India 2001". Docstoc.com. 201007-30. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
This is the population of the city limits prior to 2011 expansion"Cities having population
1 lakh and above". censusindia. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved
17 October 2011.
"Primary Census Abstract Census 2001". Directorate of Census Operations Tamil
Nadu. Government of Tamil Nadu. Retrieved 14 June 2010.
Tamil Ndu (India): State, Major Cities, Towns & Agglomerations - Statistics & Maps on
City Population

"Press Information Bureau: Government of India news site, PIB Mumbai website, PIB
Mumbai, Press Information Bureau, PIB, Indias Official media agency, Government of India
press releases, PIB photographs, PIB photos, Press Conferences in Mumbai, Union Minister
Press Conference, Marathi press releases, PIB features, Bharat Nirman Public Information
Campaign, Public Information Campaign, Bharat Nirman Campaign, Public Information
Campaign, Indian Government press releases, PIB Western Region". Pibmumbai.gov.in. 201110-31. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
Nick Names of India Places Manchester of India Ahmedabad Cochin Queen of Arabian
Sea - General Knowledge in India
The Indian Express - Google News Archive Search
"Powered by Google Docs". Google. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
"Indian cities among global outsourcing cities". The Economic Times. Retrieved 23
September 2009.
"Coimbatore: turning modern, yet retaining its old charm". Hindu.com. 2011-06-18.
Retrieved 2013-01-31.
Reverend Henry Whitehead (1921). The Village Gods of South India. pp. 1212.
Subramanian, T. S (28 January 2007). "Roman connection in Tamil Nadu". The Hindu.
Retrieved 28 October 2011.
S. Krishnaswami Aiyangar (2009). Some Contributions of South India to Indian Culture.
BiblioBazaar. p. 27. ISBN 978-1-113-17175-7.
"Kovais Roman connection". The Hindu. 8 January 2009. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
"On the Roman Trail". The Hindu. 21 January 2008. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
Vanavarayar, Shankar (21 June 2010). "Scripting history". The Hindu. Retrieved 9 May
2011.
M, Soundariya Preetha (30 June 2007). "Tale of an ancient road". The Hindu. Retrieved 9
May 2011.
"The land called Kongunad". The Hindu. 19 November 2005. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
"Remembering Dheeran Chinnamalai". The Hindu. 3 August 2007. Retrieved 15 January
2011.
"The city that is Coimbatore". The Hindu. 30 April 2005. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
S. Muthiah (14 April 2003). "'Golden Tips' in the Nilgiris". The Hindu. Retrieved 9 June
2010.
"The perils of the past". The Hindu. 28 May 2005. Retrieved 29 December 2010.
"Chronicling the spirit of Coimbatore". The Hindu. 3 January 2009. Retrieved 29
December 2010.
"The cotton classic". Frontline. 30 January 2004. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
"The Mahatma's link with Coimbatore". The Hindu. 1 October 2005. Retrieved 9 June
2010.
"`Keep politics out of Corporation Council'". The Hindu. 25 December 2006. Retrieved 9
June 2010.
L. Joseph Reginald, C. Mahendran, S. Suresh Kumar and P. Pramod (December 2007).
"Birds of Singanallur lake, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu". Zoos' Print Journal 22 (12): 29442948.
"Business Plan for Coimbatore Corporation". Wilbur Smith Associates.
http://www.tn.gov.in/cma/CDP/Corporations/Coimbatore.pdf.
"Noyyal flows on like a quiet killer". Deccan Chronicle. 28 January 2011. Retrieved 9
May 2011.

"A river runs through it". The Hindu. 28 January 2006. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
"Maintenance of tanks not at cost of environment". The Hindu. 27 October 2010.
Retrieved 9 May 2011.
"Corporation begins storm water drain project in Coimbatore". The Hindu. 5 January
2011. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
"CONSERVATION OF BIRD LIFE IN AN URBAN WETLAND: PROBLEMS
CONCERNS A CASE STUDY". CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL
ENGINEERING Proceedings of the International Conference on CBEE 2009. World Scientific
Publishing Co. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
"Coimbatore a hot spot of bio-diversity". The Hindu. 17 February 2011. Retrieved 9
May 2011.
"Coimbatore Corporation SHB002". Coimbatore Corporation. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
"Historical Weather for Coimbatore, India". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
"Experts to study feasibility of Athikadavu Avanashi scheme". The Hindu. 18 February
2009. Retrieved 15 January 2011.
"Coimbatore Corporation begins efforts to avoid water scarcity". The Hindu. 18 March
2010. Retrieved 15 January 2011.
Dams and earthquakes, Frontline, Volume 16 Issue 27; 25 December 1999 7 January
2000
"Coimbatore Climatological Table Period: 19712000". India Meteorological
Department. Retrieved April 11, 2015.
"Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" (PDF). India
Meteorological Department. Retrieved April 11, 2015.
Imperial Gazetter of India, Volume 10. Clarendon Press. 1908.
Elangovan, K. "Site Suitability Analysis using GIS for Coimbatore City". GIS
Development:. September 2005:. Retrieved 21 May 2010.
"Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census
Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 Jan 2014.
"Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Coimbatore". Office of The Registrar General
and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26
Jan 2014.
"Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns
(Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16.
Retrieved 2008-11-01.
"Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Censusindia. The
Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
Incidence & Rate Of Total Cognizable Crimes (IPC) In States, UTs & Cities During
2005[dead link]
"Indian Muslim Population Data". Aicmeu.org. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
"KMK plans to overcome casteist tag". The Hindu. 20 May 2009. Retrieved 23 June
2010.
"Roots of capital". Frontline. 5 July 2008. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
The 1971 census puts Telugu speakers at 22.95% of the total population."Census of India,
1971: Tamil Nadu". Govt of India. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
some estimates put it as high as 40% or at 300,000Rajan, M.C (7 February 2010). "It's
passion for the mother tongue not chauvinism". India Today. Retrieved 23 April 2011.

"Majority should protect the minority". The Hindu. 4 October 2009. Retrieved 23 June
2010.
"Keralites wishes take flight on Paramounts wings". The Indian Express. 8 November
2008. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
"Residential space: Coimbatore spins a growth story". The Economic Times. 17 January
2010. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
"Providing quality education". The Hindu. 24 September 2006. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
Urban labour market structure and job access in India: a study of Coimbatore.
International Institute for Labour Studies,. 1990. pp. 47. ISBN 978-92-9014-468-7.
"There are 195 slums in 23 major identified locations inside the corporation limits with a
total population of around 352,219, which include BPL population as well. Around 8 percent of
the total population reside in slums."(2005 figures) page.86
"AIADMK's Chinnadurai elected Deputy Mayor". The Hindu.com. 28 February 2012.
Retrieved 28 February 2012.
"Coimbatore City Municipal Corporation Commissioner Profile". Coimbatore
Corporation.
"Corporation to have five zones". Thehindu.com. 2011-09-22. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
"Coimbatore Corporation Citizens Charter". Coimbatore Corporation. Retrieved 22 June
2010.
"Enact anti-defection law for councillors, says Jayalalithaa". The Hindu. 22 September
2006. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
"List of Coimbatore Police stations". Coimbatore Police. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
Coimbatore Forest Division, Tamilnadu, India
"Corporation seeks to expand its area". The Hindu. 6 December 2007. Retrieved 23 June
2010.
"Directorate of Town Panchayats". Government of Tamil Nadu.
"Bill on Pongal as New Year day introduced". The Hindu. 6 December 2007. Retrieved
23 June 2010.
"List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election
Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-11.
"Assembly Elections May 2011 Results". Election Commission of India.
"SME sector: Opportunities, challenges in Coimbatore". CNBC-TV18. 24 February 2011.
Retrieved 9 May 2011.
"Governor congratulates 'Manchester of South India'". The Indian Express. 27 June 1936.
Retrieved 9 May 2011.
"Bosch picks up 1-lakh-sqft space in Kovai". The Times of India. 16 February 2011.
Retrieved 2011-08-30.
"Coimbatore Administration District Admin". Coimbatore.tn.nic.in. Retrieved 2011-0830.
[1][dead link]
"India Most Competitive Cities". .hindustantimes.de. Retrieved 2011-05-08.
" ".
Intecexpo.com. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
"First pillar free trade complex". Hindu.com. 2007-08-20. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
"China to face power crisis this winter". Smetimes.tradeindia.com. 2011-09-30. Retrieved
2013-01-31.

D Govardan. "City of future". mydigitalfc.com. Retrieved 2013-01-31.


"Bosch picks up 1 lakh sqft space in Coimbatore". The Times of India. 14 February 2011.
Retrieved 14 February 2011.
"Coimbatore: IT sector on the fast track : NATION: India Today". India Today. 22 April
2011. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
"http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/2005/03/24/stories/2005032401051700.htm".
Business Line. 24 March 2005. Retrieved 2009-09-20.
"http://www.hindu.com/2007/08/05/stories/2007080559430300.htm". The Hindu. 5
August 2007. Retrieved 2009-09-20.
http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/economy/coimbatores-small-auto-componentmakers-find-the-going-tough/article5608873.ece
"Kirtilal on an expansion spree Apparel news Fashion News India, jobs, network,
apparel, business". Fashionunited.in. 8 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
"India's gold & diamond exports fall by 20% | www.commodityonline.com | 3".
commodityonline.com. 15 March 2009. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
"India's Gems and Jewellery Market is Glittering Mining Investments". Resource
Investor. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
http://nmcc.nic.in/pdf/LABOURINTENSITY_REPORT_16May2008.pdf
"Tamil Nadu / Coimbatore News : Common facilities for jewellery cluster". The Hindu.
17 August 2010. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
Palaniappan, V. S. (16 August 2010). "Cities / Coimbatore : ID card mooted for migrant
workers in jewellery units". The Hindu. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
"Business Line : Today's Paper / MARKETING : Kirtilal plans more jewellery stores in
N. India". Business Line. 8 September 2007. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
Srinivasan, Pankaja (14 September 2011). "Suite promises". The Hindu.
"Starwood Hotels and Resorts Worldwide plans more Aloft hotels in India". The Times of
India. 11 September 2011.[dead link]
Sivashankar, Nithya (15 September 2011). "For the young and restless". The Hindu.
"::Convention Hotels::". Chi.in. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
"Surya, Coimbatore". Vivanta by Taj. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
"Tier II And III Cities Driving E-Commerce In India". Siliconindia.com. 2011-12-15.
Retrieved 2013-01-31.
"Is Coimbatore the next BPO city?". CNBC-TV18. 5 July 2008. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
"German state keen to share expertise with Coimbatore". Business Line. 22 June 2007.
Retrieved 23 June 2010.
"Some music lovers still travel to Chennai for cultural overdoze". The Times of India. 14
December 2011.
"In December, all the city's a stage". The Times of India. 14 December 2011.
"A time of troubles". Frontline. 7 March 1998. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
"Temples of Coimbatore". The City Visit. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
"Rajagopuram for Kovai Koniamman temple too". The Indian Express. 2 March 2010.
Retrieved 23 June 2010.
Madras District Gazetteers: Coimbatore. Superintendent, Govt. Press,. 2000.
"In the southern part of Mysore the Tamil language is at this day named the Kangee, from
being best known to them as the language of the people of Kangiam". Cf. Wilks: Mysore 1, 4n.
55.[2]

[3]
"Front Page : Coimbatore sees growth in air passenger traffic". The Hindu. 6 February
2015. Retrieved 2015-02-06.
"Front Page : Extended runway ready at Coimbatore Airport". The Hindu. 20 April 2008.
Retrieved 2009-09-23.
http://www.financialexpress.com/article/companies/air-carnival-sees-no-air-pockets-tolaunch-by-april/24682/
TNN 22 Aug 2012, 04.19AM IST (22 August 2012). "Corporation speeds up work to
begin mono rail project". The Times of India. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
Karthik Madhavan (2012-09-04). "NATIONAL / TAMIL NADU : A fresh look at Mass
Public Transport System for city". The Hindu. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
"Buses to ply from Mettupalayam Road bus stand from today". The Hindu. 17 June 2010.
Retrieved 22 June 2010.
"Special buses to clear Pongal rush". The Hindu. 8 January 2008. Retrieved 22 June
2010.
"Coimbatore waits for shuttle train services". The Hindu. 29 June 2006. Retrieved 22
June 2010.
"Minister inaugurates omnibus stand". The Hindu. 2 July 2006. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
Moffusil bus routes, TNSTC, CBE.
Town bus routes, TNSTC, CBE.
"Hello Taxi Coimbatore Cabs". Hellotaxitrip.co.in. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
Kumar, D Suresh (19 April 2009). "Chennai, Kovai engineering colleges, a hit". The
Times of India. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
"Medical college plan on ESI hospital premises". The Hindu. 25 October 2008. Retrieved
9 June 2010.
"Coimbatore calling". Business Line. 28 December 2009. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
http://www.avinuty.ac.in/
"Coimbatore District Administration Welcomes You". Coimbatore.nic.in. Retrieved 201301-31.
"Land to be identified for World-Class University". The Hindu. 9 August 2008. Retrieved
9 June 2010.
Subramanian, T. S (19 July 2008). "Tailor-made courses". Frontline. Retrieved 9 June
2010.
"government arts". Retrieved 13 October 2011.
"Class 10 examinations get under way". The Hindu. 24 March 2010. Retrieved 9 June
2010.
"Marginal increase in Plus-Two pass percentage in Coimbatore district". The Hindu. 15
March 2010. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
"Welcome To Sun Network". Suntv.in. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
"Radio Stations in Coimbatore". Asiawaves.net. 2012-01-08. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
"Radio mirchi". Thehindujobs.com. 2007-11-01. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
Hello Fm
Ashmita Pillay. "Radio city". Indiaprwire.com. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
Coimbatore gets modern Doordarshan Studio Centre, The Hindu, 16 August 2005
"BSNL's broadband facility launched in Coimbatore, Tirupur". Business Line. 25 January
2005. Retrieved 9 June 2010.

"Infrastructure advantage". Frontline. 17 January 2004. Retrieved 9 June 2010.


"Aircel to create blood group database". Business Line. 3 October 2002. Retrieved 22
June 2010.
"Brahmanyan". The Times of India. 21 July 2007.
M. Allirajan (17 November 2003). "Reel-time nostalgia". The Hindu (Chennai, India).
"Super specialty hospitals: The latest fad in texcity". The Economic Times. 19 April 2010.
Retrieved 14 February 2011.
"Coimbatore health care sector facing staff shortage". Business Line. 31 May 2007.
Retrieved 14 February 2011.
"Coimbatore Medical College Hospital". Govt of Tamil Nadu.
The caregivers
"Medical tourism on upswing in Coimbatore". The Hindu. 4 April 2006. Retrieved 14
February 2011.
Swaminathan, Sudha (31 January 2002). "Coimbatore: An emerging healthcare
destination -". Express Healthcare. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
"City of speed". The Hindu. 24 April 2006. Retrieved 2007-01-03.
"The Hindu : To Kari, WITH LOVE". Hinduonnet.com. 1 December 2003. Retrieved
2009-09-23.
"MACHINIST - MRF to assemble advanced F1 cars next year: Scouting for component
suppliers". Machinist.in. 2011-10-26. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
"Rally ace Naren Kumar retires". The Times of India. 12 July 2011. Retrieved 8 January
2012.[dead link]
[4] Synthetic track works over
Location of golf club, Coimbatore Golf Club,
"100-year-old club of Coimbatore". Hinduonnet.com. 25 September 2006. Retrieved
2009-09-23.
"Flying Clubs" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-08-30.
VODAFONE COIMBATORE MARATHON 2013
"Nirupama Vaidyanathan". Hinduonnet.com. 13 January 2001. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
http://www.destinationinfinity.org/2011/01/02/g-d-naidu-museum-industrial-exhibitionin-coimbatore/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
"H A Gass Forest Museum, Coimbatore". Destination Infinity. 2011-01-28. Retrieved
2013-01-31.
"Museums coimbatore - coimbatore museums,Forest College Museum,Khadi Gandhi
Gallery". Coimbatoresite.com. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
"Tourist Spots in Coimbatore - Museums/Art Gallery". Coimbatore City. Retrieved 201301-31.
V. S. Palaniappan (12 April 2012). "Regional Science Park inauguration in May". The
Hindu (Coimbatore). Retrieved 2012-04-18.
"Nilgiri Biosphere Nature Park - Nature conservation organisation coimbatore".
Nbnaturepark.com. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
"Shopping Centres in Coimbatore Yellow Pages, Kovai, Tamil Nadu , India Yellow pages
Display page (1) Ananatha Fancy, Cheran Towers, Dass Complex, Devar Group of
Companies, Lakshmi Towers, Madani Complex, Parvathy Complex, Welcome Coats".
Netexpress.co.in. Retrieved 2011-08-30.

"Coimbatore-based retail chain, Shri Kannan on expansion mode". The Economic Times.
30 October 2009. Retrieved 15 January 2011.
"V.O.C Zoo and Park in Coimbatore". Destination Infinity. 2010-10-24. Retrieved 201301-31.
"Singanallur lake". The Hindu. 30 July 2006. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
"kovaidreams KovaiDreamsOne stop guide on Coimbatore. Home | Air".
Kovaidreams.googlepages.com. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
"Sewage treatment plant inaugurated". The Hindu (The Hindu). 2 March 2011. Retrieved
4 August 2011.
Vidhya Sivaramakrishnan, John Samuel Raja D. (27 January 2008). "Coimbatore
struggles to address its civic infrastructure woes". The Mint. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
Madhavan, Karthik (14 December 2010). "Waste management to improve". The Hindu.
Retrieved 9 May 2011.
"Water resources under constant abuse". The Hindu. 19 December 2010. Retrieved 9 May
2011.
Lenin Sundar M, M Sasidharan. "Ground water quality in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu along
Noyyal River". Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
Vinoj Kumar, PC (24 February 2007). "TN WILL FACE CRISIS, WARN EXPERTS".
Tehelka. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
"PWD hands over custody of tanks to Coimbatore Corporation". The Hindu. 29 January
2010. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
"Two major tanks in city to be linked". The Hindu. 23 July 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
Official website of Siruthuli, Siruthuli
Narayanan, R.Y. (25 July 2003). "Drive to rejuvenate Coimbatore water tanks". The
Hindu. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
"Corporation removes encroachment on tank". The Hindu. 1 August 2010. Retrieved 9
May 2011.
"Fresh efforts to remove encroachments". The Hindu. 26 December 2007. Retrieved 9
May 2011.
"10th sister to join in Toledo's alliances". Toledo Blade. 14 February 2011. Retrieved 14
February 2011.
1.

http://www.toledosistercities.org/sistercities/coimbatore-india/

External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Coimbatore.

Coimbatore travel guide from Wikivoyage


Coimbatore Municipal Corporation website
[show]

Coimbatore
[show]

Links to related articles


Categories:

Coimbatore

Cities and towns in Coimbatore district

Navigation menu

Create account

Log in

Article

Talk

Read

Edit

View history

Main page

Contents

Featured content

Current events

Random article

Donate to Wikipedia

Wikipedia store

Interaction

Help

About Wikipedia

Community portal

Recent changes

Contact page

Tools

What links here

Related changes

Upload file

Special pages

Permanent link

Page information

Wikidata item

Cite this page

Print/export

Create a book

Download as PDF

Printable version

Languages

Afrikaans

Catal

etina

Deutsch

Eesti

Espaol

Esperanto

Franais

Bahasa Indonesia

Italiano

Kapampangan

Magyar

Malagasy

Bahasa Melayu

Nederlands

Norsk bokml

Occitan

Ozbekcha/

Polski

Portugus

Romn

Simple English

/ srpski

Suomi

Svenska

Tagalog

Ting Vit

Winaray

Edit links

This page was last modified on 12 April 2015, at 17:58.

Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional


terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.
Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit
organization.

Privacy policy

About Wikipedia

Disclaimers

Contact Wikipedia

Developers

Mobile view

Related Interests