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PLANEANDSOLIDGEOMETRY

I.

OverviewofCourse

PlaneandSolidGeometryprovidesanindepthapproachtotheprinciplesofEuclideanGeometry.
Thecourseemphasizesgeometricproofsrequiringthemasteryofdeductiveandinductivereasoning
onthepartofthestudentsaswellasthedevelopmentoforganizedstudyskills.
II.

SubjectAreasCovered
A. BasicsofGeometry
1. PatternsandInductiveReasoning
2. Points,Lines,andPlanes
3. SegmentsandTheirMeasures
4. AnglesandTheirMeasures
5. SegmentandAngleBisectors
6. AnglePairRelationships
7. IntroductiontoPerimeter,CircumferenceandArea
B. ReasoningandProof
1. ConditionalStatements
2. DefinitionsandBiconditionalStatements
3. DeductiveReasoning
4. ReasoningwithPropertiesofAlgebra
5. ProvingStatementsaboutSegments
6. ProvingStatementsaboutAngles
C. PerpendicularandParallelLines
1. LinesandAngles
2. ProofandPerpendicularLines
3. ParallelLinesareParallel
4. ProvingLinesareParallel
5. UsingPropertiesofParallelLines
6. ParallelLinesintheCoordinatePlane
7. PerpendicularLinesintheCoordinatePlane
D. CongruentTriangles
1. TrianglesandAngles
2. CongruenceandTriangles
3. ProvingTrianglesareCongruent
4. UsingCongruentTriangles
5. Isosceles,Equilateral,andRightTriangles
6. TrianglesandCoordinateProof
E. PropertiesofTriangles
1. PerpendicularBisectors
2. BisectorsofaTriangle
3. MediansandAltitudesofaTriangle

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G.

H.

I.

J.

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4. MidsegmentTheorem
5. InequalitiesinOneTriangle
6. IndirectProofandInequalitiesinTwoTriangles
Quadrilaterals
1. Polygons
2. PropertiesofParallelograms
3. ProvingQuadrilateralsareParallelograms
4. Rhombuses,Rectangles,andSquares
5. TrapezoidsandKites
6. SpecialQuadrilaterals
7. AreasofTrianglesandQuadrilaterals
Transformations
1. MotioninaPlane
2. ReflectionsandRotations
3. TranslationsandVectors
4. GlideReflectionsandCompositions
Similarity
1. RatioandProportion
2. ProblemSolvinginGeometrywithProportions
3. SimilarPolygons/Triangles
4. ProvingTrianglesareSimilar
5. ProportionsandSimilarTriangles
6. Dilations
RightTrianglesandTrigonometry
1. SimilarRightTriangles
2. ThePythagoreanTheorem
3. SpecialRightTriangles
4. TrigonometricRatios
5. SolvingRightTriangles
6. Vectors
Circles
1. TangentstoCircles
2. ArcsandChords
3. InscribedAngles
4. OtherAngleRelationshipsinCircles
5. EquationsofCircles
6. Locus
AreaofPolygonsandCircles
1. AngleMeasuresinPolygons
2. AreasofRegularPolygons
3. PerimetersandAreasofSimilarFigures
4. CircumferenceandArcLength

III.

IV.

5. AreasofCirclesandSectors
6. GeometricProbability
L. SurfaceAreaandVolume
1. ExploringSolids
2. SurfaceAreaofPrismsandCylinders
3. SurfaceAreaofPyramidsandCones
4. VolumeofPrismsandCylinders
5. VolumeofPyramidsandCones
6. SurfaceAreaandVolumeofSpheres
7. SimilarSolids
InstructionalObjectives
A. TorecognizetheculturevalueandpleasureonecanderivefromGeometry.
B. Tobeusedasasteppingstoneformoreadvancedcourses.
C. Tomakethestudentsawareoftheimportanceofmathematicsintheireveryday
life.
D. TomakestudentsawareofthepossibleeverydayusageofGeometry.
TextsandOtherCourseMaterials
A. BasicTextbook:Geometry:Applying,ReasoningandMeasuring.2001McDougall
Littell.
B. VisualAids
C. Instruments(compass,protractor,straightedge)
D. Calculator