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EASA Essay Paper Module 10, Module 9 & Module 7

EASA Essay Paper


Module 10
1.You are a JAR OPS organization. Explain how you would set-up an aircraft maintenance
organization.
2. Describe in detail the process of obtaining a Part-66 Basic License and then describe
how a Part-145 quality department can issue a type approval
3. Describe the process for attaining a Part-66 license and how you can obtain an
extension to the basic license.
4. What are the relationships between the ANO, BCARs, JARs and AWNs. List the AWNs
that are applicable to the Licensed aircraft engineer.
5. An aircraft has suffered structural damage due an accident/incident. Describe the
inspection and management procedures and relevant paperwork for rectification.
6. You are a Part-145 company - what audits would the quality department need to carry
out to retain the company approval? An organogram would help your answer.
7. Explain in some detail what areas of a 145 approved company need to be audited by
the company's quality department. An organogram of the 145 structure may be helpful
8. Describe the JAR 66 License categories with experience requirements.
9. What are the maintenance requirements of a company under JAR OPS 1:890?
10. How would you convert BCAR to JAR license?
11. What are the relationships between the ANO, BCARs, JARs and AWNs. List the AWNs
that are applicable to the Licensed Aircraft Engineer.
12. What are the considerations when moving a private category aircraft into the
Commercial Air Transport category?
13. What organization system is required under JAR OPS Subpart M to support the
continued airworthiness of its aircraft?
14. As an aircraft operator, how do you maintain your aircraft and what checks do you
do?
15. Describe the process for attaining a JAR 66 license and detail the engineers
responsibilities under JAR 145.
16. What are the considerations and certifications for release to service when a licensed

engineer carries out a component replacement?

Module 9
1. Describe in detail the effects of stress on an engineer and how environmental factors
affect stress. Discuss how these affects can be minimized.
2. If a major skin repair was being carried out on an aircraft and you were the team
leader, and the repair was not going to be completed within your shift period, how would
you do a shift handover for the next shift?
3. Describe human error in aircraft maintenance and the inspection
environment, and describe how it can be minimized.
4. There are many different types of maintenance error reporting schemes. Maintenance
Error Decision Aid (MEDA) is one. Explain its implementation and how this is achieved
within a company?
5. Name two pressures the engineer is subjected to, how they originate and how to
prevent them
6. With regard to circadian rhythms, expand on the following:
What does 'circadian' mean?
What is a 'circadian rhythm'?
How is the body affected after a long flight over several time zones?
Ref. above - how can the effects be minimized?
What is meant by 'post lunch low'?
With respect to circadian rhythms, what is meant by 'acrophase'?
7. You are a shift leader carrying out a major airframe repair that will not be completed
during your shift. How are you going to communicate this to the incoming shift with
regards to outstanding work, data and spares?
8. What are the different types of stress encountered at the workplace, and as an
employer, what are the ways to relieve stress of your employees?
7. What is the impact of human factors on:
a) Maintenance scheduling, and
b) Environmental factors
8. What are the human factors effecting the maintenance?
9. Describe Maintenance Error Decision Aid (MEDA) and how is it utilized for accident
prevention.

Module 7
1. What is an oversize rivet and when would it be used?
2. Discuss the methods of protection against HIRF and the checks / inspections which
would be carried out after a fault was entered in the tech log.
3. You are required to carry out a torque loading. Describe the procedure including all
checks and tests to be carried out.
4. You are required to carry out a bonding test on an aircraft. Describe the procedure
including all checks and tests to be carried out.
5. Describe the procedure to refuel a medium sized passenger jet Include all safety
checks that should be observed.
6. You are tasked with securing a small 50-seater aircraft due to high winds. How and
where would you picket the aircraft and what checks would you carry out?
7. Describe the procedure for placing a medium sized aircraft into storage for 6 months.
Include any maintenance checks that would be required.
8. List the precautions before, during and after painting an aircraft.
9. Discuss the precautions you would take, before during and after a windscreen
replacement.
10. A fiber-reinforced flap has been found damaged (soft spot). What inspections and
repairs would you carryout?
11. What are the benefits of cadmium plating?
12. What is 'Stressed Skin' construction? What inspections would you carryout to it
during servicing?
13. After a heavy landing, describe what checks you would carry out including what
questions you would ask the flight crew.
14. Describe the procedure for weighing an aircraft. Include all precautions to be taken
before during and after the weighing.
15. Describe the procedure for carrying out a dye-penetrant NDT check on an aircraft

component.
16. On carrying out a system check of a stall warning system it is discovered that the
first officer's stick shaker is inoperative. Describe how you would fault find the system
and how you would rectify the defect.
17. On trouble shooting an IDG overheat lamp fault, it was discovered that the connector
of the IDG had evidence of overheating. Describe in detail the fault rectification process
and how all the work should be recorded.
18. Describe the procedure for towing an aircraft from the hangar to the line, including
all safety aspects.
19. Describe the procedure you would follow to remove corrosion from a component.
20. Describe what you would do if the aircraft had suffered a lightning strike.
21. Describe the different methods of de-icing an aircraft. Include details of types of fluid
used.
22. During an engine start it is noticed that the No.2 ignition system is not working.
What are you going to do to fix the problem and what certification (if any) is required?
23. How is safety in the aircraft hangar achieved?
24. Describe the procedure used for trouble shooting a DRIVE light of an IDG?
25. On a walk round inspection you notice smoke/vapour in the starboard wheel well.
Describe the actions you would take and list possible causes.
26. The pilot reports a burning smell from the flight deck air conditioning system. State
your actions and detail possible causes.
27. Describe how you would replace a PCB and the precautions you would take.
28. Discuss the methods of protection against HIRF and the checks/inspections that
would be carried out after a fault was entered in the tech log.
29. On carrying out a system check of a stall warning system it is discovered that the
first officers stick shaker is inoperative. Describe how you would fault find the system
and how you would rectify the defect.
30. On trouble shooting an IDG overheat lamp fault, it was discovered that the connector
of the IDG had evidence of overheating. Describe in detail the fault rectification process
and how all the work should be recorded.
31. During an engine start it is noticed that the No.2 ignition system is not working.
What are you going to do to fix the problem and what certification (if any) is required?

32. After heavy maintenance an aircraft is taken outside for engine runs. the engine will
rotate but not ignite, describe the possible causes of this and how you would go about
fault finding this problem
33. On a walk round inspection you notice smoke/vapour in the starboard wheel well.
Describe the actions you would take and list possible causes
34. The pilot reports a burning smell from the flight deck air conditioning system. State
your actions and detail possible causes.
35. Describe how you would replace a PCB, and the precautions you would take.
36. Describe in detail your actions after finding a landing gear strut low.
37. On a major hangar inspection you find corrosion in an unpressurised panel. Detail
your actions to return the aircraft to service.
38. Describe the procedures when inspecting a brake unit. What would you do on
discovering a brake unit 'worn to limits'?
39. Describe the procedure, documentation used, and those to be filled out when jacking
a nose wheel aircraft over 5700kg.
40. List NDT techniques commonly used for inspecting aircraft structure and
components. Give details of defects it will find, what materials the techniques may be
used on and what are the chief advantages and disadvantages of each technique
41. There is 2 inches of wet snow on the aircraft, the temperature is 2oC, what are
your considerations before releasing the aircraft for departure?
42. Describe how you would carry-out a fuel contamination test.
43. Describe how tooling is controlled within a Part-145 maintenance organization.
44. Describe the procedure of a hold-over item