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Ahelwari ESR

Geotechnical Investigation
Report at Ahelwari
(Geotechnical survey of Land)

Submitted To:

P.H.E.D
Agency:

SPML INFRA LTD.


Consultant:
M/s Saraswati Technical Services Pvt. Ltd.

Submitted By:

Namotech Laboratory
113/2 Vishvesariya Nagar, Triveni Nagar, Gopalpura Byepass
jaipur. (Raj) India
Ph. : 0141-2761299 Cell : +91 9214507766 , 8824311122 E -mail:
info@namotech.in
Web: www.namotech.
Page 1 of 18

Ahelwari ESR

*Contents*
1.0

Introduction

2.0

Project

3.0

Location of Site

4.0

Scope of Work

5.0

Field Investigation

6.0

Laboratory Tests

7.0

Results and Analysis

8.0

Allowable Bearing Capacity

9.0

Conclusions

113/2 Vishvesariya Nagar, Triveni Nagar, Gopalpura Byepass


jaipur. (Raj) India
Ph. : 0141-2761299 Cell : +91 9214507766 , 8824311122 E -mail:
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Ahelwari ESR

1.0 Introduction
The main function of a foundation is to distribute or transmit all loads
coming over it to the soil or ground upon which it rests. The knowledge of
the characteristics of underlying soil is therefore very essential for safe &
economical design of foundations. The performance of supporting stratum
depends upon the physical properties of soil type & shape of footing &
structure, water table depth etc.
Soil has different meanings depending upon the area of interest of the
professional to an agriculturist, soil means top earths surface which
supports plant life. To a geologist it is thin top crust of earth formed by
disintegration of rocks. To an engineer it is uncemented loose cohesive or
cohesion less material. Soil may have particles ranging from fraction of
micron to large boulder.
Soil is a complex material which contains inorganic non cohesive material
in various percentages. It may also contain chemicals. Study of soil and its
behavior is important for design of foundations, pavements, underground
and earth retaining structures, embankments and earth dams.
Geology is a science which deals with behavior and application of soil as
engineering material. Terzaghi defined soil mechanics as the application of
laws of mechanics and hydraulics to engineering problems dealing with
sediments and other unconsolidated accumulations of solid particles
produced by mechanical and chemical disintegration of rocks regardless of
that these contain an admixture of organic constituent.
Soil is produced by disintegration of solid rocks. The production of soil is
cyclic and soil cycle consists of weathering, denudation, transportation and
deposition. All the planes and vallies are formed by this procedure.
Inorganic soils get organic material from decaying vegetation.
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Ahelwari ESR

Soil in its natural state is a three phase system, it contains solids, water and
air, in dry mass of soil, the voids contain air and hygroscopic moisture
surrounding and adhering to surface of soil particles. When all the voids
are filled with water it is saturated mass of soil. To assess the suitability of
a soil with respect to a desired purpose all or a few of following properties
are required to be known.

Specific gravity
Bulk density
Porosity.
Void ratio.
Water content.
Water absorption.
Particle size distribution.
Liquid limit.
Plastic limit and plasticity index.
Coefficient of friction.
Compressive strength.
Permeability.
Salt content.
Shrinkage limit.
Swell index.
Direct shear test.
Total Soluble Solids.

In addition to this chemical characteristics of soil may also interest an


agriculturist. The knowledge of properties of soil is important for

Foundation design.
Pavement design.
Design of underground and earth retaining structures.
Design of embankments.
Design of earth dams.

113/2 Vishvesariya Nagar, Triveni Nagar, Gopalpura Byepass


jaipur. (Raj) India
Ph. : 0141-2761299 Cell : +91 9214507766 , 8824311122 E -mail:
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Page 4 of 18

Ahelwari ESR

The performance of soil in the designs cited above depends upon the
characteristics of soil. It necessitates testing of soil to determine its physical
properties.

2.0 Project
This final report summarizes the geotechnical investigation performed by
Namotech Laboratoy for the proposed ESR is considering near Ahelwari. The
following table of loads and settlement criteria for project features was
considered for this investigation.

3.0 Location of Site


Village:- Ahelwari, Distt.:- Bharatpur

4.0 Scope of Work


Field investigation at the site are planned to determine the required
characteristics of underlying soil to design the foundations of the proposed
structure, the data obtained from these investigations have been analyzed to
arrive at the required parameters, mainly the safe bearing capacity of the
soil at various depth with respect to the existing ground level. In order to
achieve the stated objectives, the stipulated scope of work included
following operations
Transportation of the personnel, plant and equipment to the site of
work and withdrawing the same on completion of work.
Drilling Two boreholes of 100 mm diameter from the ground level to
6 meter depth or up to refusal strata.
Conducting Standard Penetration Test in borehole as per Indian
standard specification (IS-2131)
Extracting undisturbed soil samples and sealing, numbering and
preserving them as per (IS-2132)
Carrying out following necessary test on the soil samples to establish
its characteristics.
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Page 5 of 18

Ahelwari ESR

Sieve analysis
Bulk density
Specific gravity
Atterberg limits
Shear Strength Parameters
Consolidation Properties

5.0 Field Investigation


The standard penetration test was conducted in bore hole in soils
following the Standard procedure as per Indian standard IS: 2131, which
specifies the procedure for conducting SPT for soil. This test is carried
out using the standard split spoon sampler to measure the number of
blows called N Value. Standard split spoon sampler was attached
to an A rod. It was driven into the soil to a distance of 45 cm using
a standard hammer falling freely from a height of 75 cm while
driving, the number of blows required to penetrate the last 30 cm is
taken as N value at that particular depth of the bore hole. This value
is then used for calculating the bearing capacity of the soil.(Table 7)
The subsurface investigations in the field involve three basic operations: Drilling
Sampling
Conducting the required field test. This is followed by operations in the
Laboratory for conducting prescribed laboratory tests.

6.0 Laboratory Tests


All test were conducted in accordance with the procedure
laid down in Indian Standard IS: 2720, results obtained are
presented in Table 2 and bearing capacity results Based on
IS: 6403-1981 are presented in Table-3-6 and Table-7.
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Ahelwari ESR

The safe Bearing capacity at depth is presented in Table 1


and is based on shear failure criteria.

7.0

Results and Analysis


The field investigation and laboratory tests conducted over the soil
revealed the following Conclusions:
Table - 1
Safe Bearing Capacity for Ahelwari ESR
(Minimum of Two Boreholes for 1.5m footing width)

Depth
(meter)

Lab Findings

Settlement
Criteria
(Table 7)

Local
Shear
Failure
Criteria
(Tables 3 &
4)

General
Shear
Failure
Criteria
(Tables 5
& 6)

Interpolated
Value from
Column 3 &
4 (As per IS
6403-1981)

Recommended
Safe Bearing
Capacity
(T / m)
(Lower of
columns 2 & 5
& rounded
down)

12.92
9.68
9.00
1.5
16.81
9.32
26.89
13.19
13.00
2.0
15.63
11.67
25.99
17.31
17.00
3.0
15.04
16.38
41.57
25.37
24.00*
4.5
24.80
23.57
53.56
38.96
24.00*
6.0
34.12
37.34
Note: Soil is No plastic & having no cohesion.
Undisturbed sample (UDS) used at 2.0 mtr.
Water table not found.
Void Ratio of soil is 0.73 and accordingly interpolation has been taken
between Local & General shear values as recommended in Table 3 IS
6403-1981.
113/2 Vishvesariya Nagar, Triveni Nagar, Gopalpura Byepass
jaipur. (Raj) India
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Page 7 of 18

Ahelwari ESR

Limiting value as per NBC 1983 (*).

113/2 Vishvesariya Nagar, Triveni Nagar, Gopalpura Byepass


jaipur. (Raj) India
Ph. : 0141-2761299 Cell : +91 9214507766 , 8824311122 E -mail:
info@namotech.in
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Page 8 of 18

Ahelwari ESR

RESULTS OF LABORATORY TEST

1.81

0.44

0.53

1.68

12.36

2.63

1.52

0.35

0.42

2.64

0.00

0.21

0.14

2.64

1.37

0.11

0.15

2.65
2.64

0.44
5.33

0.00
1.14

0.20
1.22

0.73
3.0

SPT

1.68

12.15
0.73

4.5

SPT

1.68

15.26
0.73

6.0
1.5

SPT
SPT

1.68
1.69

12.02
16.05

0.73

57.29
53.09
51.38
62.97
74.18

(%)Liquid Limits

Silt & Clay (%)


57.80

34.1
2
33.5
6
29.0
9
32.7
7
31.7
2
29.5

NPL

NPI

NPL

NPI

NPL

NPI

NPL

NPI

NPL
NPL

NPI
NPI

SPT N Value

Soil Classification
S
M
S
M
S
M
S
M
S
M
S

(Degree)

2.63
0.73

(%)Medium Sand

(%)Coarse Sand

Fine Sand (%)

(%)Gravel

Specific Gravity

Void Ratio

Field Density (gm/cc)

Moisture Content (%) Natural


14.11

39.4
2
40.4
2
46.5
6
46.9
9
36.3
9
18.1

Shear
Parameter

C (Kg/cm2)

1.68

0.73

Consistency limits

(%)Plasticity Index

2.0

SPT
UD
S

Grain Size Analysis

(%)Plastic Limits

1.5

Type of Sample

Depth (m)

B.H. No.

Table No: 2
BH- 1&2

0.00

29

10

0.00

28

0.00

28

10

0.00

30

16

0.00
0.00

32
30

23
10

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Page 9 of 18

Ahelwari ESR
3
0.73
3.0

SPT

1.69

12.12

2.65

0.33

0.10

0.40

2.66

1.32

0.10

0.26

2.66

0.23

0.25

0.35

0.73
4.5

SPT

1.69

13.12
0.73

6.0

SPT

1.69

12.24

4.60
38.9
6
30.1
9

94.57
59.36
68.98

9
31.8
2
31.5
8
32.9
2

NPL

NPI

NPL

NPI

NPL

NPI

M
S
M
S
M
S
M

0.00

29

11

0.00

28

17

0.00

31

26

SM:- Silty Sand

TABLE No: 3

For Continuous Strip/Raft Footing

S.NO

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Calculation of Net Safe Bearing Capacity Based on Shear Parameters C- For BH-1 (For Local Shear)
Qns=1/FS[2/3*C*Nc + d(Nq-1) + 0.5*B**N*Wq] ; Qs=Qns+d
FS=3.0, Water Table Not Encounterd
Size of Foundation
Depth of
Shear Parameter
Bearing Capacity
Unit Weight
Water Table
Net Safe
Foundation
Factors
Bearing
Correction
m
Capacity t/m2
(Qns)
Length
Width
C

Nc
Nq
Ny

0.5
Wq
W
m
m
(kg/cm2)

1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50

1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
3.0

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

29
29
29
29
28
28
28
28
28

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

14.83
14.83
14.83
14.83
14.83
14.83
14.83
14.83
14.83

6.40
6.40
6.40
6.40
6.40
6.40
6.40
6.40
6.40

5.39
5.39
5.39
5.39
5.39
5.39
5.39
5.39
5.39

1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68

0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

6.80
7.18
7.55
7.93
8.31
8.69
9.07
9.44
11.34

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Page 10 of 18

Safe Bearing
Capacity t/m2
(Qs)

9.32
9.70
10.07
10.45
11.67
12.05
12.43
12.80
16.38

Ahelwari ESR
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25

1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25

3.0
3.0
3.0
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
6.0
6.0
6.0
6.0

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

28
28
28
30
30
30
30
32
32
32
32

20 14.83 6.40
20 14.83 6.40
20 14.83 6.40
21 16.00 7.25
21 16.00 7.25
21 16.00 7.25
21 16.00 7.25
23 18.36 8.95
23 18.36 8.95
23 18.36 8.95
23 18.36 8.95
TABLE No: 4

5.39
5.39
5.39
6.48
6.48
6.48
6.48
8.68
8.68
8.68
8.68

1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68

0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

11.71
12.09
12.47
18.47
18.93
19.38
19.83
30.36
30.97
31.57
32.18

16.75
17.13
17.51
26.03
26.49
26.94
27.39
40.44
41.05
41.65
42.26

For Continuous Strip/Raft Footing

S.NO

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Calculation of Net Safe Bearing Capacity Based on Shear Parameters C- For BH-2 (For Local Shear)
Qns=1/FS[2/3*C*Nc + d(Nq-1) + 0.5*B**N*Wq] ; Qs=Qns+d
FS=3.0, Water Table Not Encounterd
Size of Foundation
Depth of
Shear Parameter
Bearing Capacity
Unit Weight
Water Table
Net Safe
Foundation
Factors
Bearing
Correction
m
Capacity t/m2
(Qns)
Length
Width m
C

Nc
Nq
Ny

0.5
Wq
W
m
(kg/cm2)

1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00

1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
3.0
3.0
3.0

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

30
30
30
30
29
29
29

21
21
21
21
20
20
20

16.00
16.00
16.00
16.00
14.83
14.83
14.83

7.25
7.25
7.25
7.25
6.40
6.40
6.40

6.48
6.48
6.48
6.48
5.39
5.39
5.39

1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69

0.845
0.845
0.845
0.845
0.845
0.845
0.845

1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
1
1
1

8.02
8.48
8.93
9.39
11.40
11.78
12.16

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Page 11 of 18

Safe Bearing
Capacity t/m2
(Qs)

10.55
11.01
11.47
11.92
16.47
16.85
17.23

Ahelwari ESR
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25

2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25

3.0
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
6.0
6.0
6.0
6.0

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

29
28
28
28
28
31
31
31
31

20
20
20
20
20
22
22
22
22

14.83
14.83
14.83
14.83
14.83
17.18
17.18
17.18
17.18

6.40
6.40
6.40
6.40
6.40
8.10
8.10
8.10
8.10

5.39
5.39
5.39
5.39
5.39
7.58
7.58
7.58
7.58

1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69

0.845
0.845
0.845
0.845
0.845
0.845
0.845
0.845
0.845

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

12.54
15.97
16.35
16.73
17.10
27.20
27.73
28.27
28.80

17.61
23.57
23.95
24.33
24.71
37.34
37.87
38.41
38.94

TABLE No: 5

For Continuous Strip/Raft Footing

S.NO

1
2
3
4
5

Calculation of Net Safe Bearing Capacity Based on Shear Parameters C- For BH-1 ( For General Shear)
Qns=1/FS[C*Nc + d(Nq-1) + 0.5*B**N*Wq] ; Qs=Qns+d
FS=3.0, Water Table Not Encounterd
Size of Foundation
Depth of
Shear Parameter
Bearing Capacity Factors
Unit Weight
Water Table
Net Safe
Foundation
Bearing
Correction
m
Capacity t/m2
(Qns)
Length
Width
C

Nc
Nq
Ny

0.5
Wq
W
m
m
(kg/cm2)

1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50

1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
2.0

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

29
29
29
29
28

28.25
28.25
28.25
28.25
26.37

16.85
16.85
16.85
16.85
15.30

20.09
20.09
20.09
20.09
17.79

1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68

0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840

1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
1

21.75
23.16
24.56
25.97
23.49

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Page 12 of 18

Safe Bearing
Capacity t/m2
(Qs)

24.27
25.68
27.08
28.49
26.85

Ahelwari ESR
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25

1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25

2.0
2.0
2.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
6.0
6.0
6.0
6.0

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

28
28
28
28
28
28
28
30
30
30
30
32
32
32
32

26.37 15.30
26.37 15.30
26.37 15.30
26.37 15.30
26.37 15.30
26.37 15.30
26.37 15.30
30.14 18.40
30.14 18.40
30.14 18.40
30.14 18.40
36.53 24.36
36.53 24.36
36.53 24.36
36.53 24.36
TABLE No: 6

17.79
17.79
17.79
17.79
17.79
17.79
17.79
22.40
22.40
22.40
22.40
32.65
32.65
32.65
32.65

1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68

0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840
0.840

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

24.73
25.98
27.22
31.50
32.74
33.99
35.23
53.26
54.82
56.39
57.96
92.20
94.49
96.77
99.06

28.09
29.34
30.58
36.54
37.78
39.03
40.27
60.82
62.38
63.95
65.52
102.28
104.57
106.85
109.14

For Continuous Strip/Raft Footing

S.NO

1
2
3

Calculation of Net Safe Bearing Capacity Based on Shear Parameters C- For BH-2 ( For General Shear)
Qns=1/FS[C*Nc + d(Nq-1) + 0.5*B**N*Wq] ; Qs=Qns+d
FS=3.0, Water Table Not Encounterd
Size of Foundation
Depth of
Shear Parameter
Bearing Capacity Factors
Unit Weight
Water Table
Net Safe
Foundation
Bearing
Correction
m
Capacity t/m2
(Qns)
Length
Width m
C

Nc
Nq
Ny

0.5
Wq
W
m
(kg/cm2)

1.50
1.75
2.00

1.50
1.75
2.00

1.5
1.5
1.5

0.00
0.00
0.00

30
30
30

18.36
18.36
18.36

8.95
8.95
8.95

8.68
8.68
8.68

1.69
1.69
1.69

0.845
0.845
0.845

1
1
1

1
1
1

10.39
11.00
11.61

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Page 13 of 18

Safe Bearing
Capacity t/m2
(Qs)

12.92
13.53
14.14

Ahelwari ESR
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25

2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25

1.5
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
6.0
6.0
6.0
6.0

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

30
29
29
29
29
28
28
28
28
31
31
31
31

18.36
20.72
20.72
20.72
20.72
22.60
22.60
22.60
22.60
22.60
22.60
22.60
22.60

8.95
10.66
10.66
10.66
10.66
12.20
12.20
12.20
12.20
12.20
12.20
12.20
12.20

8.68
10.88
10.88
10.88
10.88
13.18
13.18
13.18
13.18
13.18
13.18
13.18
13.18

1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69

0.845
0.845
0.845
0.845
0.845
0.845
0.845
0.845
0.845
0.845
0.845
0.845
0.845

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

12.22
20.92
21.69
22.45
23.22
33.96
34.89
35.82
36.74
43.42
44.35
45.28
46.21

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Page 14 of 18

14.75
25.99
26.76
27.52
28.29
41.57
42.49
43.42
44.35
53.56
54.49
55.42
56.35

Ahelwari ESR

Table No: 7
Safe Bearing Capacity by Standard Penetration Test based on
IS- 2131(Width = 1.5 m)
Qns, Corrected N- From IS Code 8009, Qs= Qns+ d
B.H.
Depth
Avg. Bulk N Corrected
Qns
Qs
(meter)
density
N'
(T/m) (T/m)
(gm/cc)
1.50
1.68
10
15
14.29
16.81
1

3.00

1.68

10

12

10.00

15.04

4.50

1.68

16

18

17.24

24.80

6.00

1.68

23

23

24.04

34.12

1.50

1.69

10

15

14.29

16.83

3.00

1.69

11

14

12.50

17.57

4.50

1.69

17

19

18.52

26.13

6.00

1.69

26

26

28.74

38.88

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Page 15 of 18

Ahelwari ESR

8.0

Allowable Bearing Capacity

Considering the proposed structure and taking in to account the N value an


allowable settlement of 25 mm has been adopted for evaluating the net
allowable bearing capacity based on the settlement criterion.
Average shear strength parameters have been used for calculating safe bearing
capacity from shear failure criterion, lower of the two values obtained from
settlement and shear failure criteria is used in arriving at net allowable bearing
capacity of the soil, as shown in Table -1.

9.0 Conclusions:
*

The soil stratum at the site is consists of Silty Sand (SM).

The SPT N value indicates that soil stratum is loose.

Soil is non plastic and having no cohesion.

Water table was not encountered at the time of investigation.

The recommended values of SBC are as per Table 1.

Remarks: 1. Samples will be preserved in our laboratory for a period of 30 days only,
from the date of issue of this report.
2. This report is not for legal proceedings.
3. Subjected to Jaipur jurisdiction only.
4. For any clarification please correspond within 30 days from issue this test
report.
For Namotech Laboratory
(Authorized Signatory)
113/2 Vishvesariya Nagar, Triveni Nagar, Gopalpura Byepass
jaipur. (Raj) India
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info@namotech.in
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Page 16 of 18

Ahelwari ESR

*****End of Report*****
SHEAR FAILURE CRITERION
1. IS : 6403-1981
The following formulae have been used for calculating ultimate net bearing capacity as
per IS: 6403-1981 and this is similar to one proposed by Vecic.
FFor Continuous Strip Footing
(a) In case of general shear failure Qns=1/FS[C*Nc + d(Nq-1) + 0.5*B**N*Wq]

(b) In case of local shear failure


Qns=1/FS[2/3*C*Nc + d(Nq-1) + 0.5*B**N*Wq]

For Considering Shape of Footing


(a) In case of general shear failure
qd = cNc sc dc ic + q(Nq-1)sq dq iq +0.5 B N S d i w
(b) In case of local shear failure
qd = 0.67cNc sc dc ic + q(Nq-1)sq dq iq + 0.5 By N S d i w
Where,
Nc, Nc, Nq, Nq N N = Bearing capacity factors
q'd = Net ultimate bearing capacity based on general shear failure
B = Width of strip footing
sc, sq, s = Shape factors
y = Bulk unit weight of foundation soil
w' = Correction factor for location of water table
= Angle of shearing resistance of soil in degrees
C = Unit Cohesion
For Local Shear 2.0 mtr depth in BH-1
Qns= 1/3x[(0.67x0.00x14.83)+{(1.68x2.0)x(6.40-1)}+(0.5x1.5x1.68x5.39x1)]
= 8.31
Qs= Qns + overburden
= 8.31+( 1.68x2.0)
=11.67
For General Shear 2.0 mtr depth in BH-1
Qns=1/3x[(0x26.37)+{(1.68x2.0)x(15.30-1)}+(0.5x1.5x1.68x17.79x1)]

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Page 17 of 18

Ahelwari ESR
= 23.49
Qs = 23.49+( 1.68x2.0)
= 26.85

As per Is Code 6403-1981 table 3

0.75-0.55= 0.20
So we have 20 divisions,
For .74=1 , 0.73= 2 , 0.72= 3..0.56.=19 values for interpolation.

Void Ratio is 0.73 , For Interpolation


So
[26.89-11.67]/20
= 0.76
Now
0.76x2
= 1.52
Adding it to Local Shear value :
11.67+1.52
= 13.19

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Ph. : 0141-2761299 Cell : +91 9214507766 , 8824311122 E -mail:
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Page 18 of 18