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R10

Set No: 1

ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION

(Electronics and Communications Engineering)

Time: 3 Hours

Max Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

*****

1. (a) Define Antenna beam width and directivity and obtain the relation between them.

(b) An antenna has a radiation resistance of 63 and a lossy resistance of 6 . If the power

gain is 30, calculate the directivity and efficiency of the antenna.

[8+7]

2.

(a) Obtain the expression for potential fields due to sinusoidally varying sources and explain

the significance of the Lorentz guage condition.

(b) What is short magnetic dipole? How is it realized?

[8+7]

3.

(a) A linear Broad-side array consists of four equal in-phase point sources with /3 spacing.

Calculate and plot the field pattern. Also find the directivity and beam width.

(b) Explain the principle of pattern multiplication with a relevant examples.

[8+7]

4.

(b) Discuss the design considerations for monofilar helical antenna in axial mode.

5.

(a) What is Yagi-Uda antenna? Explain its construction and properties with special reference

to the directivity, bandwidth and impedance.

(b) Describe cassegrain feed mechanism for a parabolic reflector.

[8+7]

6.

(b) Explain the concept of Zoning and specify the tolerances of zoned and un-zoned nonmetallic dielectric lens antennas.

[7+8]

7.

(b) List the effects of D-layer in the sky wave propagation.

8.

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[8+7]

(b) A radio link has to be established between two earth stations placed at a distance of

25000 km between them. If the height of the ionosphere is 200km and its critical frequency is

5MHz,Calculate the MUF for the given path .Also calculate the electron density in the

ionosphere layer.

[8+7]

*****

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R10

Set No: 2

ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION

(Electronics and Communications Engineering)

Time: 3 Hours

Max Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

*****

1.

(a) Define effective length. Prove that the effective length of the transmitting and the

receiving antenna are equal.

(b) A communication link has to be established between two stations using half wavelength

antenna for maximum directive gain. Transmitter power is 1KW, distance between

transmitter and the receiver is 100 Km, what is the maximum power received by the receiver

if the frequency of the operation is 100MHz.

[8+7]

D

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2.

(b) A magnetic field strength of 5A/m is required at a point on = /2; 2Km away from an

antenna in free space. Neglecting ohmic loss, how much power must the antenna transmit if

it is

(i) Hertzian dipole of length /25?

(ii) a half wave dipole?

[8+7]

3.

(a) Derive the Hansen-woodyard condition for the N-element end-fire array for enhancing

its directivity.

(b) Distinguish between binomial and uniform linear arrays.

[10+5]

4.

(a) Explain the significance of helical antennas and discuss its basic properties.

(b) Discuss the design considerations for monofilar helical antennas.

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[8+7]

5.

(a) With neat diagrams, describe the principle of working of 3-element Yagi antenna, listing

out its length and spacing requirements.

(b) With neat diagram, explain the geometry of parabolic reflector.

[6+9]

6.

(a) What is Fermats principle? How is it applicable to horn antenna? Obtain an expression

for the directivity of a pyramidal horn in terms of aperture dimensions.

(b) Obtain the relative field intensity of the dielectric lens antenna.

[7+8]

7.

(b) Write short notes on

(i) D layer (ii) Sporadic E-layer.

8.

[7+8]

(b) Define maximum usable frequency and skip distance. Show that the skip distance for the

[7+8]

flat earth at a given frequency is Dskip = 2h (fMUF/fc)2-1

*****

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R10

Set No: 3

ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION

(Electronics and Communications Engineering)

Time: 3 Hours

Max Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

*****

1. (a)What is the resolution of an antenna? Prove that the directivity is equal to number of point

sources in the sky that the antenna can resolve.

(b) State the reciprocity theorem for antennas. Prove that the self impedance of an antenna in

transmitting and receiving mode is same.

[8+7]

2.

(a) Derive an expression for a radiated electric field for half wave dipole and sketch field

strength pattern.

(b) An electric field strength 10v/m is to be measured at an observation point = /2,

500Km from a half wave dipole antenna operating in air at 50MHz.

(i) What is the length of dipole?

(ii)Calculate the current that must be fed to the antenna.

(iii) Find the average power radiated by the antenna.

[8+7]

3.

(b) Find the radiation pattern of four isotropic elements fed in phase, spaced /2 apart by

using pattern multiplication.

[7+8]

4.

(b) Determine the length L, H-plane aperture and flare angles E and H of a pyramidal horn

for which E-plane aperture aE = 10 . The horn is fed by a rectangular wave guide with TE10

mode. Let = 0.2 in the E- plane and 0.375 in the H- plane .Also calculate beam width and

directivity.

[7+8]

5.

a) f/d ratio

b) Spill over and aperture efficiency

c) Front to back ratio

d) Types of feeds

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[15]

6.

(b)What is the importance of Zoning? Explain the tolerances allowed in non-metallic

dielectric lens antennas.

[8+7]

7.

(b) Show that the field strength due to the space wave is given by E = 2Eo sin[2 hthr/ d]

[7+8]

8.

(a) What is meant by the term fading? Explain in brief different types of fading.

(b) Discuss the characteristics of F1 and F2 layers.

*****

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[8+7]

R10

Set No: 4

ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION

(Electronics and Communications Engineering)

Time: 3 Hours

Max Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

*****

1.

(a) State the following theorems and prove them with respect to antennas.

(i) Reciprocity theorem

(ii) Maximum power transfer theorem.

(b) Evaluate the directivity of

[7+8]

(i) An isotropic source

(ii) Source with bidirectional cos power pattern.

2.

(a) What are Lorentz guage conditions? Derive the wave equations for scalar and vector

potentials using maxwells approach.

(b) If the maximum current in the antenna is 20A, find the field intensity at a distance of

2Kms along the axis perpendicular and at an angle 30o from the antenna.(Assume that the

antenna is quarter wave monopole)

[8+7]

3.

(a) Derive the expressions for the field components of two element array and draw field

(ii) when d = /2 and = 180o.

pattern (i) when d = /2 and = 0

(b)What is the requirement for the tapering of arrays? Explain

[10+5]

4.

(b) Discuss the design relation of Rhombic Antennas. Mention the advantages of Rhombic

Antennas.

[8+7]

5.

(b) Describe the cassegrain feed mechanism of a parabolic reflector.

D

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[8+7]

6.

(a) Describe how gain of an antenna under test can be measured using absolute gain method.

(b) With the neat diagram, explain the geometry of parabolic reflector.

[8+7]

7.

(b) Define MUF and critical frequency. Derive the expressions for the same. What is secant

law?

[6+9]

8.

(b) Derive the fundamental equation for free space propagation.

*****

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[7+8]

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