Notes On Koine Greek: Part 60

www.MichaelHalcomb.com

1. Indicative Mood Chart: Below is the chart that you will recognize from earlier installments of these “Notes”. As you can see, we now have the entire chart nearly much filled in. Still, there are 6 slots remaining, all in the Passive Voice category. In the next installation, “Notes” #61, we will fill all of these slots in. For now, just spend some more time familiarizing yourself with my Indicative Mood M.A.P. Once you have this down, it will take you virtually no time to retain your knowledge of the Passive Voice suffix morphemes…as you’ll soon see!

Indicative Mood M.A.P.:
© 2010, T. Michael W. Halcomb

M I D D L E

Imperfect

Aorist

Pluperfect

Perfect

Present

Future

mhn so to

meqa sqe nto

mhn so to

meqa sqe
nto

mhn so to

meqa sqe nto

mai sai tai

meqa sqe ntai

mai sai tai

meqa sqe ntai

mai sai / h| tai

meqa sqe ntai

A C T I V E

Imperfect

1st / 2nd Aorist

Pluperfect

Perfect

Present

Future

n j -

men te n

sa saj nd

samen sate
n/ san

n j -

men te san

a j -

men te si (n)

w eij ei

men te ousin

w eij ei

men te ousin

2 Aor. Suffixes are same as Imp. Act. Ind.

P A S S I V E

2. Before Moving On…: Let’s spend some time reviewing this chart and the verb endings. A) Something that you should notice right away about the Plural endings of the Active Voice verbs is that they are all similar; we have the characteristic: men, te, n (san / sin). B) Something else to note about the Active Voice endings is that in the 3rd Person Singulars of the Past Tenses, there is no distinct marker! C) We also note that in the 2nd Person Singulars, our endings always have a final sigma “j”. As for the Middle Voice, there are also some things we notice: 1) One of the first things I notice is that the 1st-3rd Person Singular of the Perfect-Future are all the same and all rhyme: mai, sai, tai as the end with the letters “ai” (with the exception of the irregularity in the 2nd Sg. Fut.). I also notice that the 3rd Person Plural simply takes the 1st Person Plural and fronts it with “n”. 2) Having looked at 4 of the 6 endings so far, the dominant feature of the 1st and 2nd Plural endings that stands out to me is that they both contain a “q”. 3) I also notice that when paired together (e.g. 1st Sg. & 1st Pl., 2nd Sg. & 2nd Pl.) the first letter of each pair is the same: m, s, t (again, remember that the 3rd Pl. puts a “n” in front of the t). 4) I also take note that the Imperfect, Aorist & Pluperfect all share the same exact suffix morphemes. 5) I also note that when paired together (e.g. 1st Sg. & 1st Pl., etc.) the first letter of each suffix is the same, w/the exception of the 3rd Person Plurals, which adds n to the front!

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