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ILS is generally begin with a computer-administered diagnostic-prescriptive

evaluation of the student's current achievement level. Then the software breaks down
the content to be taught into small units, teaches a unit, assesses progress, an then
moves on to the next unit or provides remedial instruction as indicated.

ILS are tend to focus on basic skills. For example, literacy and numeracy. It
alco be used to deliver any teaching materials. There are two main components of
ILS which are computer aided instruction modules(CAI) and management system.
Management system keep records of the students performance and allows teachers
to set up all the different course options in order to suit their teaching styles and the
pupil’s needs while CAI modules present the the teaching materials to be used in the
classroom in order to apply educational software.

In ILS each pupils has their own learning program. If they perform well, they
can make rapid progress onto higher levels of difficulty. However, if they experience
problems, they will be given more practice and additional tutorials on the skills
needed to deal with the particular topic.

In order to monitor pupils progress the teacher have to access a lot of data in
highlighting the pupils who are having difficulty or needing additional support. For
instance, the collected data is gathered automatically and can beprinted out ina
series of different reports. The Management System will able to predict future
performance of the pupils. Therefore, the teacher can detect the problems and will
come out with solutions and actions to deal with it.

Moreover, the Management System will monitor the pupils performance

constantly. One example of ILS is Success Maker. However, Success Maker is only
being introduced in UK and it is not available in Malaysia yet.

Meanwhile, there are methods to ensure the effectiveness of ILS. One of the
methods is the school should have clear curriculum objectives for the ILS in order to
raise the level of basic skills of all pupils.

Next, careful thought should be given to the staff who will be involved with the
ILS. Since proper use of the ILS is likely to have timetable implications, there should
be a member of the senior management team who has overall responsibility for the
successful implementation of the system. Without such a person, pupils are unlikely
to get the number of ILS sessions they need each week and the potential benefits
are much reduced.

The subject specialist which is the teacher himself also have to be considered
as they are responsible to manage their own class. They have to be alert and equip
themselves with technical skills so that they are able to apply ILS in the classroom
effectively. Each teacher have to be trained and understand thoroughly how to use
the system features along with their own professional skills in order to ahcieve the
best result for their classes.

Furthermore, the pupils also should have regular access to the system. This is
due to give assisstance to the teacher to monitor the pupils response and
achievement. However, the teacher should arrange the timetable to suit with the
pupils. The session could be divided up so that 10 minutes is spent on mathematics,
10 minutes on reading and 5 minutes on spelling, leaving 5 minutes for classroom
management. This way the time spended will be meaningful and effective.

Based on ILS, the most suitable learning theory that can be connected to is
contructivism leraning theory. This is when, the pupils develop their knowledge stage
by stage as the teacher plays the role as a scafffolding tool in assiting the pupils to
construct their own knowledge. As the pupils are working on their own actively and
most of the time they learn by themselves (self discovery and self experimental).

In integrating ILS in the classroom, an evaluative test will be given in each of

the lesson. By using a program design by the teacher, pupils are required to answer
questions after the lesson. The evalutive test will consists of questions of the
particular day lesson in different level of difficulty. This is to detect wheter the
students understand the lesson or not. The result of the test will show about the
weaknesses of a particular pupils in a particular areas so that a teacher could do a
remedial class to make sure the pupils master the lesson thought.

In conclusion, ILS presents a lot of positive usage to apply in the curriculum.

Teachers should prepare their selves to ensure that they are well equipped in order
to use ILS while the process of teaching and learning in the classroom. we strongly
agree if this methods is being used in current teaching and learning process. By
doing this, teachers could monitor their pupil’s achievement and detect their
problems so that they could understand what have been thaught by the teacher.