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Department of Mechanical &

Faculty of Engineering, UPM

Course: Dynamic
Course Code: EMM 3104
Session: Semester 2 (2014/2015)

Proposal Title: Dynamic behaviour of projectile

motion of rocket

Group Members:
Akmal Aizat Bin Mohamad Hanif


Matric No.


Date: 20/3/2015
Date Submitted: 20/3/2015
Lecturer Name: Dr. Zamir Aimaduddin Zulkefli


Problem Statement
A projectile motion is an important measure of dynamic system that used in military industry to create
a better firepower defences. The range of projectile motion of rocket missiles and the acceleration of
rocket motion are the problem related in firepower industry.
1. To identify the acceleration of rocket missile at different angle and fuel capacity loaded.
2. To investigate best range at different angle and fuel capacity loaded to rocket.

Ever wondered why ballistic rockets create a powerful blast at lift off? Ballistic Rockets are
ammunition that obtains their forward thrust from a bottom blast. In other words, rockets push
themselves forward by ejecting mass (that shoots backward) at high speed from their rear end. This
mechanism does not rely on the atmosphere and works very well in space too.

Figure 1: Russian TOS-1 30-barrel multiple rocket launcher

A mini model of rocket launcher will be made to calculate an acceleration, range and fuel
performance at 3 variable angles. The rocket will be adjusted with three different angle of projection
and fuel capacity, which it will burn out at its rear end to lift itself up in the air. A self-made launcher
allows to burn while at the same time shoot backward to provide truss.

Procedure / Experiment setup.

1. A mini model of rocket launcher will be created to carry an experiment of projectile motion using
PVC pipe and bottle as a main component. The mini model illustrated as below

Figure 2: PVC Launcher

Figure 3: Bottle as rocket

2. The rockets which is represent bottle are fueled by the combustion of rubbing kerosene, which is
ignited by the spark from a barbecue igniter.
3. 70% - 90% concentration of should work fine on burning those fumes.
4. While fueling the bottles, the most important step is to whip the last drops of liquid alcohol out of
the open end. This brings the fuel/air mixture to the proper level for a good combustion, and
reduces the liquid kerosene particles expelled from the rocket upon launch that otherwise could
melt the plastic blast shield or cause minor burns.
5. The step 4 repeated with the different angle of projection and fuel capacity to identify the best
range and acceleration of rocket motion.