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SOMALI POLICY FACTS SHEET (1920-2015)

Somali Independency and


Colonies (1920-1960)
1.1 Empires and Sultanate
1.2 Dervish state leaders
1.3 United Nations trusteeship
1.4 Somali Youth League SYL

FISCAL YEAR FY- (1920-2015)

SOMALI POLICY FACTS SHEET

WHO ARE CALL SOMALI. SOMALIS AND NON SOMALI????


Civil war leaders
(1990-2000)
4.1 Rebellion and ouster
4.2 Darod Civil war
4.3 Hawiye Civil war
4.4 Isaq and Rahawein Civil war
4.5 List of civil war leaders

Somali Military Force


(1960-1970)
2.1 Trust territory Somali
2.2 Somali Republic
2.3 Somali National Army
2.4 Somali Police Force
2.5 Somali Navy and Air force

Barre Government
(1970-1990)
3.1 Supreme Revolutionary
Council (SRC)
3.2 Clanism and Extend
(Marehan)
3.3 Writing Scripts for Somalia
3.4 Seizure of power
3.5 False urban planning

Terrorist and Political parties


(2000-2014)
5.1 Autonomous regions Somalia (Puntland
and Somaliland)
5.2 Islamic Court Union (ICU)
5.3 Militant Islamist (Al shabab)
5.4 Traditional Federal Parliament (TFP)
5.5 Traditional Federal Government (TFG)
5.6 Federal Government Somali (FGS)
5.7 Consequences of governments Somalia
(Presidents and Prime ministers Conflicts)

Author of this facts sheet (Somali Policy)


Policy Analyst: Ali Osman Abdulle (Ali Qasse)

SOMALI POLICY FACTS SHEET (1920-2015)

MODULE ONE:
WHO ARE SOMALI, SOMALIS AND NON SOMALI?
Somali people are not 4 and half ethnic groups, Somali people are 8 ethnic groups. In the below figure
was transitional federal parliamentary system which was reconciliation Somalia 4 ethnic groups, that is
why Djibouti President Ismail Omar Gele and Somalia elders from 4 ethnic groups they produced this
system below, but this system is total discrimination governmental system as you see the below
diagram.
Somali people are like Darood, and Rahawein
Somalis people are like Hawiye, Dir, Gardere and Mayle
Non Somali are like Jareer and Minority clans
Somali 25%

Somalis 15%

Somalis 5%

Somalis 5%

Somalis 25%

Non Somali 5%

Somali 15%

Non Somali 5%

As you see the above diagram precise you the black policy of Somalia government system which 30%
Somali elders ethnic groups represent the other 70% Somali ethnic groups. Because at that time it was
civil war time which every clans Somali prepared to defend or attack the other clan, I mean not all 83
clans. Look the below table describes you the 19 clans which murdered, robed, raped and assassinated
each other. All these clans their elders and leaders they travel to Djibouti to produce 4.5 traditional
government system as above figure in July 1999.
Ratio Traditional Government
- 25% Hawiye
60 Members Parliament
- 25% Darod
60 Members Parliament
- 15% Dir
60 Members Parliament
- 15% Rahawein 60 Members Parliament
- 20% Other clans
60 Members Parliament
100% ratio traditional government mechanism and represents the Somali communities votes, as they
said Hawiye, Darod, Dir and Rahawein, but it is not true and this is big betray and disclose the rest of
other clans.

SOMALI POLICY FACTS SHEET (1920-2015)


3
Somali clans short listed to be the leaders in future from 2000 to 2015 Somali government if it is
traditional government or federal government. Which Hawiye, Darod, Dir and Rahawein elders said.
Civil war field and shortlisted clans criteria for 4.5 traditional government systems
Civil
Hawiye
Darod
Dir
Rahawein Gardere
Mayle
war
time
1990 Hawiye VS
Darod VS Dir VS
Rahawein Gardere Mayle VS
Darod
Somali
Darod
VS Darod
VS Darod Darod
1992 Hawiye VS
0
0
0
0
0
Habargidir
1993 HabargidirV Marehan
0
0
Galjecel
0
S UNITAF
VS
VS
Majerten
Marehan
1995 Habargidir
Marehan
Bimal VS
Rahawein Gare VS
Hawadle
VS Abgal,
VS
Shikhal
VS
Galjecel
VS
Murursade Galjecel
Marehan
Galjecel
1997

1999

Habargidir
VS
Habargidir
Abgal VS
Abgal

2001

2003

2005

ICU VS Civil
war leaders

2007

ICU VS
Ethiopia and
TFG
Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab

2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

Marehan
VS Shikhal

Jareer

SAMO
Minority
Clans
Jareer VS 0
Darod
0
0
0

R.
Shabele
VS
Ogaden
0

Isak VS Isak Rahawein 0


VS
Habargidir
Bimal VS
0
0
Habargidir

Habargidi
0
r
VS
Hawadle
Hawadle
Shidle VS 0
VS Abgal
Galjecel

Hadama
VS Lesan

Gare VS
Marehan

Tuni VS
Bimal

Dabare VS 0
Elay

Elay VS
Lesan

Shidle VS 0
Abgal

Isak VS
Dhulbahan
te
0

Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab

Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab

Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab

Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab

Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab

Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab

Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab
Alshabab

Marehan
VS
Ogaden
Marehan
VS
Ethiopia
Majerten
VS
Majertens
0

SOMALI POLICY FACTS SHEET (1920-2015)

MODULE TWO:
WHO ARE PASTORALIST, FARMER PASTORALIST, AND FISHERIES IN SOMALIA?
The real Somali people in Somalia are the people from Ethiopia like Hawiye, Dir, Mayle and Gardere
those who are pastoralist and farmer pastoralist in Somalia, in 1024 the fathers of Samale came from
Ethiopia community Habashi family. The other ethnic groups they are neighbor families to Samale not
same family, they were arrived Somalia from their countries like Yemen, Israel, Tanzania, Nigeria,
Portugal and England.
Somali Origins
Jareer
from Tanzania and Nigeria
Darod
from Yemen
Minority clans (SAMO)
from Portugal
Yibro
from Israel
Hawiye, Dir, Mayle and Gardere
from Ethiopia
Rahawein
from Hawiye and Darod
Somali Home
Hawiye
are Pastoralist and farmer pastoralist
Dir
are Farmer Pastoralist
Gardere
are Pastoralist and Farmer Pastoralist
Rahawein
are Farmer Pastoralist
Minorities clans
are Fisheries
Mayle
are Pastoralist and Farmer Pastoralist
Jareer
are Farmer Pastoralist
Darood
are Pastoralist
Somali people they are different tribes but they believe one religion, one tradition and speak one
language of Maay and Mahatiri. Somali tribes married each other, neighbor each other, but in politics
and urbanization they killed each other. The reason killing, murdering and robing is caused by policy
administration for Somali government. See module one the table of civil war short listed is a part of
Somali tribes conflicts, the tribes which were fighting are 30% among them, not all, the rest 70%
percent were innocent, and these people 70% were doing only their business import and export, were
traveling to the neighbor countries Kenya and Ethiopia as refugees. Because Somali civil war on going
inside Somalia, people are dying because of hungry, thirsty, non-livelihood and homeless.
1. 30% clans were killing, murdering and robing each other indicated on module one Civil war
table.
2. 25% clans were doing business import and export people managing Bakara Market
3. 25% clans were IDPS people refugees in Somalia
4. 20% clans were fled to the neighbor countries Kenya, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Uganda been
registered as refugees under UNHCR
There is a proverb says in Somali culture, Somali Somaali Baa leh means Somali people belongs to
each other and this proverb is what Somali people believes as Quran.

SOMALI POLICY FACTS SHEET (1920-2015)

MODULE THREE:
WHO ARE TERRITORIES FOR AUTONOMOUS REGIONS SOMALIA?
This below table shows you that the power regimes of autonomous regions Somalia at Hawiye, Darod,
Rahawein and Dir those who are the leaders and directors of incumbent Somalia Government, in the
column ethnic group are clans who always run and competing Somali presidential, spokes of parliament
and prime minister at the Somali policy parties. But it is not real right and justice according to Somalis,
Somali and Non Somali it is totally not fair and injustice for other clans. The other clans except from
these clans below table are same to Darod, Hawiye, Dir and Rahawein. What about the other clans
Somali from different ethnic groups Somali people? The question is do you know the reason this clans
they are the leaders of other clans? Because they robed the store weapons which Mohamed Siad barre
regime left at the clan of Marehan, when Barre and his clan Marehan ran away from Mogadishu and the
military stores weapons these clans Habargidir, Abgal, Lesan, Ogaden, Majerten, Hawadle and Isak
came through the stores and robed from that time 1991 to 1999 they were killing, murdering, robbing,
raping in each other; the other clans they ran to the neighbor countries as refugees.
Regions
Ethnic Group
Regime
Puntland State
Majerten
Darod
Somaliland State
Isak
Dir
Juba State
Ogaden
Darod
Bay State
Lesan
Rahawein
Banadir State
Abgal
Hawiye
Hubin&Heeb State Habargidir
Hawiye
Hiran State
Hawadle
Mayle
Galmudug State
Habargidir
Hawiye
Somali Urban Power
As you see the below map indicating that every clans or ethnic groups at their home, Somali people
there is no clans or ethnic group which homeless, it is not true, totally it was propaganda who or people
saying that some Somali are settled and the rest are domestic.
DIR
DAROD
HAWIYE
RAHAWEIN
MAYLE
GARDERE
JAREER

SOMALI POLICY FACTS SHEET (1920-2015)

6
MINORITY CLANS

MODULE FOUR:
SOMALI ETHNIC GROUPS
If Somali people are 80 clans why the other Somali people like Darod, Hawiye , Dir and Rahawein expression and
giving false report to UN, EU and INGOs? Because the other Somali people they had been hijacked from these 4
ethnic groups above mentioned. So the international communities, United Nations, European commissioners,
International Court Justice and United States of America we are begging you to save us if we are Gardere, Mayle,
Jareer and Minority clans ethnic groups to be free and participated for the elections, and leaderships for Somalia
Government. Because you are the father and Mother to Africa politicians and Societies. In 2014 there are people
been colonizing, do you know that people? are us Gardere, Mayle, Jareer and Minority clans.
1
2
3
4
5
6

Darod
Ogaden
Majerten
Marehan
Dhulbahante
Warsengeli
Leylkase

13
14
15
16
17
18

Hawiye
Habargidir
Abgal
Murursade
Tuduble
Shikhal
Moblen

Awrtoble

19

Wacdan

8
9
10
11
12

Dashishle
Faciye
Kaskiqabe
Abaskul
Galameysi
Gardere
Gare
Ajuran
Cormale
Tuni
Dagodi
Galjecel
Masare
Ciise
Irdho

20
21
22
23
24

41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49

25
26
27
28
29
30

Ujejeen
Hilibi
Murule
Baadicade
Jijeele
Mayle
50
Hawadle
51
Dabare

Dir
Gudubirse
Isaq
Bimaal
Gaadsan
Sure
Ciise
madobe
Faqi cumar

31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

52
53
54
55
56
57
58

Rahawein
Leesan
Luway
Hubeer
Geelidle
Joron
Eelay
Macalin
weyne
Harin
Gasarkude
Jilible
Hadama

Jareer
R.Shabele
Shiidle
Mahaway
Gawaweyn
Makane
Eyle
Jeenoole
Mushunguli
Hintire

From Gardere to Minority clans (SAMO) are people who


Were vulnerable to get their justice and rights for the leadership
Somalia, these people are robed their homes and towns and assassinated
Their elders and politicians.

59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80

Minority Clans (SAMO)


Shangaway
Istanbul
Yaxar
Tumal
Midgi
Musedheri
Yibro
Wanjeel
Gelidi
Bagadi
Asharaf
Gobron
Daami
Morshe
Bandhabow
Shanshi
Jiido
Gamadle
Camuudi
Gudbane
Baafadal
Baasadiiq

SOMALI POLICY FACTS SHEET (1920-2015)

MODULE FIVE:
LIST OF PRESIDENTS AND THEIR PRIME MINISTERS FROM HAWIYE AND DAROD ETHNIC GROUPS
Look the below table from 1960 to 2015 for presidency and prime ministers are only colleague Hawiye
and Darod, where are the ethnic groups Somali people? Please Dear Sir or Madam (EU, UN, ICJ and USA)
solve this crisis and dirty policy in Somalia, Please GOD will help you if you change the matters injustice
policy elections and governmental in Somalia because you can, you are the sources of finance and
supporting to build the government of Somalia if it is federalism or transitional parliament. You are the
real coordinators and operations managers politics in Somalia.
Date of year
1 July 1960
10 June 1967
21 Oct 1969
27 Jan 1991
27 Aug 2000
14 Oct 2004
31 Jan 2009
16 Sept 2012

Presidents name
Adan Abdulle
Abdirashit Ali
Mohamed Siad
Ali Mahdi Muhamed
Abdikasim Salat Hasan
Abdulahi Yusuf Ahmed
Sh. Sharif Ahmed
Hasan Sh. Mohamod

Regime
Hawiye
Darod
Darod
Hawiye
Hawiye
Darod
Hawiye
Hawiye

Political parties
SYL
SYL
SRC
USC
TNG/TFP
TFG
TFG
FGS

Prime minister
Abdirashit Ali Sharmarke
Muhamed Haji Ibrahim
Mohamed Farah Salat
Umar Arta Galib
Ali Khalif Galayr
Ali Mohamed Ghedi
Abdiwali Ali Gaas
Abdiwali Sh. Ahmed

Regime
Darod
Dir
Darod
Dir
Darod
Hawiye
Darod
Darod

Policy of governmental system Somali


Ethnic groups
Mr. President
Hawiye VS Darod
Mr. Prime minister
Darod VS Hawiye
Leader of Somali Parliament
Rahawein
Leader of Somali Army Force
Dir VS Hawiye
Leader of Somali Judiciary and High courts
Hawiye VS Darod
This is what Somali 4 ethnic groups Hawiye, Darod, Dir and Rahawein produced as Somali governmental
system without the rest 4 ethnic groups like Gardere, Mayle, Jareer and Minority clans.
They call this system 4.5 governmental system, not the federal governmental system built by social
voters, one man one vote.
Urbanization 8 ethnic groups
Hawiye:
Mudug, Galgadud And
Middle Shabelle
Darod:
Sool, Nugaal, Bari And
Gedo
Dir:
Awdal, Waqoyi Galbed,
Togdher And Sanag
Rahawein:
Bay, Bakol And Gedo
Gardere
Middle and Lower Juba
Mayle
Hiran and Lower
Shabele
Jareer
Lower and Middle
Shabele
Minority clans
Banadir and Lower

SOMALI POLICY FACTS SHEET (1920-2015)

8
Shabele

MODULE SIX:
THE BEST SOLUTION OF SOMALI INDEPENDENCY ELECTIONS
Dear International communities UN, ICJ, USA and EU Somalia today they need support to be federal
government by independency ethnic groups among Somali, Somalis and Non Somali. For 25 years we
had deeply civil war among us, and we did not get benefit, only full shame and refugees to the
neighbors countries like Kenya and Ethiopia. We are applying your honorable governments as UN, ICJ,
USA, EU and international communities to support us to build and follow up this system for real
government at 80 clans from 8 ethnic groups Somali not 4 ethnic groups like Hawiye, Darod, Dir and
Rahawein. Please read the follow section, this is real independence and good for Somali future.
1.
2.
3.
4.

Call for 83 clans from 8 ethnic groups not 4.5 ethnic groups
The 80 clans they will vote, 3 represent for 83 clans (3 X 80 = 249)
249 persons represents for Somali people and society and they are electoral committee
Electoral committee will build parliamentary members represents community Somali ethnic
groups
5. The parliamentary members will build presidential candidates from political parties
6. The presidential candidates should be select from ( Diaspora, Citizens, and Autonomous regions)
7. Electoral committee and parliamentary members they will also free the prime minister from
president build.
8. Electoral committee They will build prime ministers candidates from political parties
9. Parliamentary and Electoral committee they will produces rules and regulation criteria for the
candidates from presidency and prime minister
10. Presidents and prime ministers they will take commands from parliamentary and electoral
committee
11. Electoral committee are the rights people who produce these leaderships for the Somali
government
a. Leader of Judiciary
b. Leader of Army force
c. Leader of Parliament
d. Leader of Electoral committee
e. Mr. President
f. Mr. Prime minister
12. Electoral committee are the high commissioners for the country operations managers
13. After 8 years new electoral committee will come and from the communities in 8 ethnic groups
not 4.5 groups as above mentioned

SOMALI POLICY FACTS SHEET (1920-2015)

MODULE SEVEN:
DEMOGRAPHY OF SOMALI 8 ETHNIC GROUPS
Somali people are more than 10,000,000 in the last 25 years
Male

Darod
Female Total

Male

Dir
Female

Male

Gardere
Female Total

Male

Jareer
Female Total

Male

Gross Total
Female
Total

Total

Male

Hawiye
Female

Male

Rahawein
Female Total

Male

Mayle
Female

Male

Total

Total

Minority
Female Total

United Arab Emirates

50,000

South Africa

40,000

Netherlands

37,432

Norway

36,651

Saudi Arabia

20,000

Denmark

18,645

Finland

15,789

Australia

9,914

Italy

8,112

New Zealand

1,617

Somali Census Latest 1960-2014


Somalia

28.3 million

Ethiopia

4.6 million

Kenya

2.4 million

Djibouti

464,600

Yemen

200,000

Canada

150,000

United Kingdom

108,000

United States
Sweden

85,700
54,221

SOMALI POLICY FACTS SHEET (1920-2015)

10

MODULE EIGHT:
SOMALIA PRESIDENTS VS SOMALIA PRIME MINISTERS
Somali Presidents
Adan Abdule Hassan

Images

Date of birth
1908

Somali Prime ministers

Images

Date of birth
1928

1. Abdirashit Ali Sharmarke


1919
2. Abdirisak Haji Hussein
Abdirashit Sharmarke

1919

1924
3. Mohamed Haji Ibrahim
1928

Mohamed Siad Bare

1919

4. Mohamed Farah Salad


5. Mohamed Ali Samatar

1931

6. Mohamed Hawadle Madar

Ali Mahdi

1938

7. Omar Arta Ghalib

1930

Abdikasim Salat Hasan

1941

8. Ali Khalif Galeyr

1941

9. Hassan Abshir Farah

1945

10. Mohamed Abdi Yusuf


Abdulahi Yusuf

Sh. Sharif Ahmed

Hasan Sh. Mohamed

1934

1967

1955

11. Ali Mohamed Ghedi

1952

12. Nuur Hassan Hussein

1938

13. Omar Abdirashit Ali


14. Mohamed Abdulahi
Mohamed
15. Abdiweli Mohamed Ali
16. Abdifatah Shirdon
17. Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed
18 . Omar Abdirashit Ali

1960
1962

1965
1958
1962

SOMALI POLICY FACTS SHEET (1920-2015)

11

MODULE NINE:

AUTONOMOUS REGIONS OF SOMALIA


A. Somali Civil Policy
a. 1820-1960 Ajuran VS Aji
b. 1960-2015 Hawiye VS Darod
B. Barre regime and territory
a. Administrative districts and regions
Old Regions 1960-1970
New Regions 1970-1990
District
Afgoi
Afmad
Alula
Baidoa
Balad
Bardera
Belet Uan
Berbera
Borama
Bosaso
Brava
Bulo Burti
Bur Hacaba
Burao
Candala
Chisimaio
Dinsor
Dusa Mareb
Eil
El Bur
Erigabo
Galcaio
Gardo
Gelib
Hargheisa
Hoddur
Itala
Las Anod
Lugh Ferrandi
Margherita
Merca
Mogadiscio
Obbia
Scusciuban
Uanle Uen
Villabruzzi

Province
Benadir
Basso Giuba
Migiurtinia
Alto Giuba
Benadir
Alto Giuba
Hiran
Hargheisa
Hargheisa
Migiurtinia
Benadir
Hiran
Alto Giuba
Burao
Migiurtinia
Basso Giuba
Alto Giuba
Mudugh
Migiurtinia
Mudugh
Burao
Mudugh
Migiurtinia
Basso Giuba
Hargheisa
Alto Giuba
Benadir
Burao
Alto Giuba
Basso Giuba
Benadir
Benadir
Mudugh
Migiurtinia
Benadir
Benadir

District
Abdi Asis
Adan Yabal
Afmadow
Alula
Badhadhe
Badhan
Baki
Ballcad
Bardhere
Baydhaba
Beletweyne
Beletxawa
Bender Bayla
Berbera
Bondhere
Boramo
Bosaso
Braawe
Buale
Bulo-Burte
Burco
Burhakaba
Burtinle
Buuhodle
Caadale
Cabudwaaq
Cadaado
Caynabo
Ceelafyeyn
Ceel Barde
Ceelbur
Ceeldeer
Ceelwaaq
Ceerigabo
Dangoryo
Darkeynle
Dhahar

HASC

SO.BN.AA
SO.SD.AY
SO.JH.AF
SO.BR.AL
SO.JH.BA
SO.SA.BA
SO.AW.BA
SO.SD.BA
SO.GE.BA
SO.BY.BA
SO.HI.BW
SO.GE.BE
SO.BR.BB
SO.WO.BE
SO.BN.BO
SO.AW.BO
SO.BR.BO
SO.SH.BR
SO.JD.BU
SO.HI.BB
SO.TO.BR
SO.BY.BU
SO.NU.BU
SO.TO.BH
SO.SD.CA
SO.GA.CB
SO.GA.CD
SO.SO.CA
SO.SA.CL
SO.BK.CB
SO.GA.CE
SO.GA.CR
SO.GE.CE
SO.SA.CR
SO.NU.DA
SO.BN.DA
SO.SA.DH

SOMALI POLICY FACTS SHEET (1920-2015)


Dhusa-Mareb
Dinsor
Dolow
Eyl
Galhareeri
Galkacyo
Garbaharey
Garowe
Gebiley
Goldogob
Hamar Weyne
Haradhere
Hara Jabjab
Hargeysa
Hawle Wadaag
Heliwa
Hobyo
Hodan
Hudur
Iskhushuban
Jalalaqsi
Jamame
Jeriban
Jilib
Jowhar
Karaan
Kismayo

SO.GA.DM
SO.BY.DI
SO.GE.DO
SO.NU.EY
SO.GA.GA
SO.MU.GA
SO.GE.GA
SO.NU.GA
SO.WO.GE
SO.MU.GO
SO.BN.HA
SO.MU.HA
SO.BN.HJ
SO.WO.HA
SO.BN.HW
SO.BN.HE
SO.MU.HO
SO.BN.HO
SO.BK.HU
SO.BR.IS
SO.HI.JQ
SO.JH.JA
SO.MU.JE
SO.JD.JI
SO.SD.JO
SO.BN.KA
SO.JH.KI

12
Kurtunwaarey
Lascaanood
Las Qorey
Lughaya
Luuq
Mark Afgooye
Odwenyen
Qandala
Qansadhere
Qardho
Qoryoyley
Sablaale
Sakow
Shangani
Sheik
Shibis Waberi
Telex
Tiyeglow
Wadajir
Wajid
Wanlaweyne
Wardhiglye
Xudun
Yaqship
Yeed
Zeylac

SO.SH.KU
SO.SO.LA
SO.SA.LQ
SO.AW.LU
SO.GE.LU
SO.SH.MA
SO.TO.OD
SO.BR.QA
SO.BY.QA
SO.BR.QR
SO.SH.QO
SO.SH.SA
SO.JD.SA
SO.BN.SH
SO.TO.SH
SO.BN.SW
SO.SO.TE
SO.BK.TI
SO.BN.WA
SO.BK.WA
SO.SH.WA
SO.BN.WD
SO.SO.XU
SO.BN.YA
SO.BK.YE
SO.AW.ZE

SOMALI POLICY FACTS SHEET (1920-2015)


C. Autonomous regions Somalia and
federalism
a. 1990-2000 Somaliland VS
Puntland
b. North and North east Somalia VS
Southern Somalia
c. 2010-2015 Federal
Administrative regions and
districts Somalia
D. Somalia Political parties
North Somalia
Somalilan Regim QatumoState Regi
d State
e
me
KULMIYE Dir
UCID
Dir
UDUB
Dir
WADANI
Dir
North east Somalia
Puntland
Regim Galmudug Regim
State
e
State
e
UGUB
Darod
HORSEED
Darod
UPR
Darod
DJP
Darod
GAHAYR
Darod

Banadi
r

Southern Somalia
Regim Souther Regime
e
n
Western
Somalia
State

13

Puntland State Somalia


Administrative Divisions
Regions

Capitals

Districts

Cayn

Buuhoodle

Bari

Bosaso

Karkaar

Qardho

Haylaan

Dhahar

Mudug

Galkayo

Nugal

Garowe

Sanaag

Erigavo

Sool

Las Anod

Gardafuul Aluula

Somaliland State Somalia


Administrative Divisions
State

Capital

Annexed

Gabiley

Gabiley

Maroodi Jeex

Maakhir

Badhan

Sanaag

Cayn

Buhoodle

Togdheer

Salal

Zeila

Awdal

Baki

Awdal

Awdal

Lughaya

Awdal

Awdal

Sarar

Aynabo

Sool

Oodweyne Oodweyne
Hawd

Togdheer

Baligubadle Maroodi Jeex

SOMALI POLICY FACTS SHEET (1920-2015)

14

Afbarwaaqo

Juba land State Somalia


Administrative Divisions

Wisil

Bacaadweyne

Jubaland's three constituent administrative


regions are:

Qaycad

Raas Cabaad

Jiicdheere

Qaydaro

Ceeldibir

Xingod

Dabaro

Harardhere

Gedo
Lower Juba (Jubbada Hoose)
Middle Juba (Jubbada Dhexe)

Khatumo State Somalia


Administrative Divisions

Aynabo
Boocame
Buuhoodle
Erigavo
Fiqifuliye
Hudun
Las Anod
Taleh
Widhwidh
Yagori

Southwestern Somalia
Administrative Divisions
o
o
o

Bay (Bay)
Bakool (Bakool)
Lower Shabelle (Lower Shabelle

Galmudug State Somalia


Administrative Divisions
In Hobyo region

Hobyo

Gawaan Dheere

In south Mudug region

Bandiiradley

Galinsoor

Algula

Baraag Ciise

Bitale

Cel Dhanaane

Labaceel

SOMALI POLICY FACTS SHEET (1920-2015)

15

PRESIDENTS OF SOMALIA AUTONOMOUS REGIONS EXECUTIVE (In future expected)2016

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Names

Zone

Age

Clans

Ahmed Mohamed Mohamod


Abdiweli Mohamed Ali
Abdi Hassan Awale
Ali Khalif Galaydh
Ahmed Mohamed Islam
Sharif Hassan Sh. Adan
Somalia

Somaliland
Puntland
Galmudug
Qatumo St.
Jubaland
S. Western
Government

1992-2015
1994-2015
2012-2015
2013-2015
2013-2015
2014-2015
1960-2015

Dir/Isak
Darod/Majerten
Hawiye/Habargidir
Darod/Dhulbahante
Darod/Ogaden
Rahawein/SAMO
Hawiye and Darod

SOMALIA AUTONOMOUS REGIONS BLACK POLICY GOVERNMENTAL ELECTIONS

Darod against Hawiye


Hawiye against Darod
Darod and Hawiye against Rahawein

Dir against Hawiye


Dir, Darod, Hawiye, Rahawein
against

Gardere, Mayle, Jareer and Minority


2000-2014 Policy election system (Traditional government and federal government) 4.5
POWER SHARING POLICY
Ethnic groups
Autonomous regions
Speaker of parliament
Rahawein
South western Somalia
Presidency
Hawiye
Banadir and Galmudug
Somalia
Prime minister
Darod
Jubaland, Puntland Somalia
Leader of Army force
Hawiye
``
Leader of Judiciary and law
Hawiye
Ministry of foreign affairs
Darod
Ministry of interior affairs
Dir
Ministry of defense and security
Hawiye
Ministry of finance
Hawiye