You are on page 1of 35

Journal of Chinese Studies No.

50 - January 2010

160220
1614

1914

2
3

1854

2 5 1972 8

78

2004

1967
155

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


220

10

11

12

4
5

10

11

12

34 3 1983 9
115
1942

15 11 1943
14

1876


1999

5455

1935

258

111 2008
5
124

1995

Prasenjit Duara, Superscribing Symbols: The Myth of Guandi, Chinese God of War,
Journal of Asian Studies 47, no. 4 (November 1988), pp. 77895

118 1996

2008
41130

1997

111 2002
10
4153

26
1
4151
2
5083
1941

1941

2002

Boris Riftin

1997

2005

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


221

13

14

15


16

17

13

14

15

16
17

1999

7477

11548

1986

283312

111 1995
2558


12644

2002
8896

12245

2008
10515

1896
1896

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


222

18


19

1806

18071805

20

1691

1760

21

18

19

20

21

1995
10

1999
10

2005
34

1894



Dpartement des Manuscrits Division orientale, Bibliotheque Nationale de France

1989
290365

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


223

22

23

24

25

1863



26

27

28

29

22

23
24
25
26
27

28

29

2000
342

1794

1975
1

1936

1920

1906

1978
25 11185

1931

1983
1899

2007
33637

2004

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


224

30

31



1844

32


33


34

35

36

1745
37

1765

1825

1851
38

30
31

32

33
34
35

36

37

38

76

1824

461 2003
276

184

47

1992
112

1731

1770

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


225

39

1937

1171

40

41


42


43


44

1860

45

1891

46

1840

39

40

41

42

43

44

45
46

1937

2005
31


1992
2931

:
1989

1996
1011

1883

16 Institut des Hautes tudes


Chinoises, Collge de France
1969
5

118

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


226

47

1943
48

1935
49


50

51


52

1927

1924

47

48

49

50

51

52

1997

1999
14852

41130

1935


2004

328

1996
24065

1975
19121924

414

3 1940
10
2

1927

2005

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


227

53

54


55

1840 1900

56

57

58

59

53
54

55

56
57

58
59

1997
65

1946
2137

1907

11
18621924

2005
6769

41130

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


228

60


1866


61

1861


62

63

18551873

64

60
61
62
63

64

278

4 46667

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


229

65

66

67


68

69

70

71

1877

72

65

66

67

68
69
70

71

72

8896
David K. Jordon Daniel L.Overmyer The Flying Phoenix: Aspects of Chinese
Sectarianism in Taiwan (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1986)

1878
115 1878

1860

6567

1932

1889

10010123234326

1893
2000

363
1750

1996

48385497

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


230

73

74

75

76

73
74

75

76

1996
13

1490
1739
1874 1987 1983

1998
41424324170

2001
16973

1869 456507

2000
65455

22 1993
275

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


231

77

78

79


2006

80

81

82

77

78

79

80

81

82

4 1983
117129

1983
340

21 2005
1617

2008 2 4958

2006

62526

1991

13334

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


232

83

84


18201840
85


86
1930 1980
1969


87

1930

88


89

1930

90

1929

83
84

85
86
87

88

89

90

32549

19921994
4 407

1857

1982
1930

1980

2000
425

1892

1930

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


233

91

193019321933193519381939
92

1930

93

1896

94

95

1932

91

92
93
94

95

1939

10

2000
489

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


234

96

97


645 18751899 73 2.92

19001911 64 5.3
98

1930

1894
99

100
1894

96

97

98

99
100

1932

1898
1929
1931

2007 3
146

407

2004
567

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010

235

101

102

103

1875
104

1798

105

101

102

103

104

105

J.J.M. de Groot, Religious System of China (18921910; reprint, Taipei: Cheng Wen Publishing
Co., 1976), p. 1304.

4 2006 10
13
Michael Saso

1975

1887 6798

2006

77

1986

4546

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


236

106


107

108


109

17751864
1811

110

1844

18181824
18481859

112

111

114

113

106

107
108

109

110

111

112

113
114

1969

1868

1897
10 167

1985

1935

1956
5
5

15

24647

11 287301

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


237

115

116

1836

117

118


119


1824

120

121

122

123

115

116

117
118
119

120

121
122
123

1839
1834

1849

11 30998

1908 4

201

201

1995

2006
200
214

5051

1971

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


238

125

124

126

1914
1927

1857

127

128

129

130

1842

124
125

126
127

128

129
130
131

131

1993
133

1991

46

134

10
204

1992
52830

2005
10

1986
46

48

2003
35758

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


239

1768

132


1709

133

1856

132
133

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


240

134

1871

134

2000

12225 12627
62833

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


241


1921

1922
1988
1923

1949

1949

135
1940
1955

1955

1961

1969

2004
1945

1986

19661972
1980

1969

135

1990
1930

1940

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


242

1896


1968 Alvin P. Cohen

137

136

1972

1925

1933 12

1933 12 15

138

1923

139

140

141
1933
1947

136

137
138
139
140

141

Alvin P. Cohen, A Chinese Temple Keeper Talks about Chinese Folk Religion, Asian
Folklore Studies (Nagoya) 36, no. 1 (1977), pp 117.

1972

1951 12 2

1988

1986

43
1933
1941 1947

1947

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


243

142

1942

19061996

1996
1958

1961

1838

143

1962
144


1961

1949

145

1942
146

1943

1949
147

142

143

144
145
146
147

1962 1949

1961

1962
37475

1948

18721962

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


244

148

1894
149


1898 1914
1938

150

151

1954

152

1939


153

148
149
150

151
152
153

12

2008
7475

1948

1976
52

1954

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


245

154
1730

155

156

157

158

159

160
1753

1874
161
1820 1910 1843

162


163
1942

154

155
156
157
158

159
160
161

162

163

1992
30

1993 1 30

1994
8

10611112

1986
96

2002 3 41

2006 1 31

2002
59294

1918

1917

1957
12

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


246

1878
1885

164
1927

165

164

165

1956

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010

247

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


248

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010

249

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


250

1927

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010

1932

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

251

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010


252

1961

The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Journal of Chinese Studies No. 50 - January 2010

The Spread of Guandi Worship through Morality


Books in the Qing Dynasty
(A Summary)

Yau Chi On

In the Qing dynasty, Guandi worship and the Guandi morality books were two sides of
the same coin. This paper documents the publication of major Guandi morality books
such as the Jueshijing and the Guansheng dijun mingshengjing, traces their spread from
China to Southeast Asia, and evaluates their impact on the expansion of Guandi worship.
It also explores the religious and social contexts within which these Guandi worship texts
were employed. The Chongzheng Charity Hall in Guangzhou, for instance, preached the
Guandi worship texts while actively combating plague that terrorized the city. The Guandi
morality books therefore institutionalized and enhanced the Guandi worship.

Keywords: Guandi worship, morality books, spirit writing, charity hall, Guandi temples
in Hong Kong

The Chinese University of Hong Kong