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Specifications

SECTION 02810 IRRIGATION SYSTEM


PART 1 GENERAL
1.1
SECTION INCLUDES
1.2
REFERENCES
1.3
SUBMITTALS
1.4
TRANSPORTATION, HANDLING AND STORAGE
1.5
WARRANTY
1.6
QUALITY ASSURANCE
1.7
FIELD MEASUREMENTS

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PART 2
2.1

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2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
2.11
2.12

PRODUCTS
GENERAL MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT
REQUIREMENTS
2.2
PIPES AND FITTINGS
2.2.1 PRESSURE MAIN, LATERAL LINE AND
BUBBLER LINE PIPES AND FITTINGS
2.2.2 PIPE FITTINGS
2.2.3 JOINTING SYSTEM
2.2.4 PIPING MANUFACTURERS NAME, NOMINAL
PIPE SIZE, SCHEDULE, PRESSURE RATING & DATE
OF EXTRUSION
2.2.5 FITTING MANUFACTURERS NAME OR
TRADEMARK, MATERIAL DESIGNATION
AND SIZE
APPLICATION DEVICES
VALVES
SPECIALIZED VALVES
IRRIGATION CONTROLLER
VALVE BOXES
IRRIGATION WATER PUMPS
ACCESSORIES AND APPURTENANCES
ELECTRICAL WORK
WATER SUPPLY MAIN MATERIALS
MARKER TAPE

PART 3EXECUTION
3.1
EXAMINATION
3.1.1 PIPES AND PIPE FITTINGS
3.1.2 VALVES
3.2
RELATED WORKS
3.3
INSTALLATION OF PIPING SYSTEM
3.4
VALVE INSTALLATION
3.5
FIELD QUALITY CONTROL
3.5.1 HYDROSTATIC TESTING
3.5.2 INSPECTION
3.5.3 REPAIR METHODS
3.6
POSTING FRAMED INSTRUCTIONS
3.7
FIELD TRAINING
3.8
PREPARATION FOR USE

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Specifications

3.9
3.10

BACKFILL
FLUSHING

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SECTION 02810 - IRRIGATION SYSTEM

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Specifications

1.

PART 1 - GENERAL

1.1.

SECTION INCLUDES
Complete automatic irrigation system, piping and appurtenances as shown on
Drawings and as specified herein.

1.2.

REFERENCES
SASO SAUDI ARABIAN STANDARDS ORGANIZATION
SASO 14

Pipes for Potable Water of Unplasticized Plastic (uPVC)

SASO 15

Methods of Testing of Pipes for Potable Water of Unplasticized


Plastic (Polyvinyl Chloride PVC)

SASO 412

Method of Testing for Cast Iron Manhole Covers

SASO 413

Cast Iron Manhole Covers.

SASO 237

Methods of Testing for Water Meters

SASO 238

Water Meters

SASO 1238

General requirements for design, installation and evaluation of


trickle irrigation systems.

SASO 1244

Permanent sprinkler irrigation system Part I: General


requirements for design, installation and operation.

SASO 1305

Centrifugal Pumps General Requirements.

SASO 1306

Stationary sprinkler irrigation system Part II: General


Requirements for Testing and Evaluation.

ANSI AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE, INC.


A40.1M

Gauge-Pressure Indicating Dial Type, Elastic Element (Metric)

ASTM AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING AND MATERIALS


ASTM A 47

Malleable Iron Castings

ASTM A 48

Gray Iron Castings

ASTM D 636

Tensile Properties of Plastics

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ASTM D 1248

Polyethylene Plastic Moldings and Extrusion Materials

ASTM D 1784

Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Compounds and Chlorinated


Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Compounds

ASTM D 1785

Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe, Schedule 40, 80 and


120.

ASTM D 2287

Non-Rigid Vinyl Chloride Polymer and Copolymer Molding and


Extrusion Compounds

ASTM D 2447

Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe, Schedules 40 and 80 Based on


Outside Diameter

ASTM D 2466

Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe Fittings, Schedule 40

ASTM D 2467

Socket-Type (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipes Fittings,


Schedule 80

ASTM D 2564

Solvent Cement for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe and


Fittings.

ASTM D 2609

Plastic Insert Fittings for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipes

ASTM D 2672

Joints for IPS PVC Pipe Using Solvent Cement

ASTM D 2855

Making Solvent-Cemented Joints with Poly(Vinyl Chloride)


(PVC) Pipes and Fittings

ASTM D 3139

Joints for Plastic Pressure Pipes Using Flexible Elastomeric Seals

AWWA AMERICAN WATER WORKS ASSOCIATION


AWWA C500

Gate Valves, 3-Inches through 48-Inches NPS, for Water and


Other Liquids

AWWA C506

Backflow Prevention Devices Reduced Pressure Principle and


Double Check Valve Types

AWWA C509

(1987) Resilient-Seated Gate Valves for Water and Sewerage


Systems

AWWA C651

Standard for Disinfecting of Water Mains

AWWA C700

Standard for Cold-Water Meters; Displacement Type

AWWA C702

Standard for Cold-Water Meters; Compound Type.

AWWA M23

PVC Pipe Design and Installation

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Specifications

1.3.

SUBMITTALS
Contracting Officer approval is required for submittals with a GA designation; The
following shall be submitted in accordance with Section 01300 SUBMITTAL
PROCEDURES:
SD-01 Data
Framed Instructions.
Labels, signs, and templates of operating instructions that are required to be
mounted or installed on or near the product for normal, safe operation.
Field Training Data.
Information describing training to be provided, training aids to be used, samples of
training materials to be provided, and schedules and notification of training.
Design Analysis and Calculations; GA. Spare Parts;
GA.
Design analyses and pressure calculations verifying that system will provide the
irrigation requirements. Spare parts data for each different item of material and
equipment specified, after approval of the related submittals and not later than the
start of the field tests. The data shall include a complete list of parts and supplies,
with current unit prices and source of supply.
SD-04 Drawings

Sprinkler System; GA.


Detail drawings for valves, sprinkler heads, and water hammer arresters, automatic
controllers and backflow preventers. Drawing shall include a complete list of
equipment and materials, and manufacturers descriptive and technical literature,
performance charts and curves, catalog cuts, and installation instructions. Drawings
shall also contain complete wiring and schematic diagrams and any other details
required to demonstrate that the system has been coordinated and will function as a
unit. Drawings shall show proposed system layout, type and number of heads, and
zone valves backflow devices, controllers. As-Built Drawings which provide current
factual information showing locations of mains, heads, and valves including
deviations from and amendments to the drawings and changes in the work shall be
included.
SD-06 Instructions
Sprinkler System.
Detailed procedures defining the Contractors provisions for accident prevention, health

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Specifications

protection, and other safety precautions for the work to be done.


SD -09 Reports
Field Tests.
Performance test reports in booklet form showing all field tests performed to adjust each
component and all field tests performed to prove compliance with the specified performance
criteria, upon completion and testing of the installed system. Each test report shall indicate
the final position of control valves.
SD -13 Certificates
Sprinkler System.
The material suppliers or equipment manufacturers statement that the supplied material or
equipment meets specified requirements. Each certificate shall be signed by an official
authorized to certify in behalf of material supplier or product manufacturer and shall identify
quantity and date or dates of shipment or delivery to which the certificates apply.
SD 19 Operation and Maintenance Manuals
Sprinkler System.
Six copies of operation and six copies of maintenance manuals for the equipment furnished.
One complete set prior to field testing and the remainder upon acceptance. Manuals shall be
approved prior to the field training course. Operating manuals shall detail the step-by-step
procedures required for system startup, operation, and shutdown. Operating manuals shall
include the manufacturers name model number, parts list, and brief description of all
equipment and their basic operating (features. Maintenance manuals shall list routine
maintenance procedures, possible breakdowns and repairs, and troubleshooting guides.
Maintenance manuals shall include piping and equipment layout, simplified wiring and
control diagrams of the system as installed, and system programming schedule.

1.4 TRANSPORTATION, HANDLING AND STORAGE


1.4.1

Follow manufacturers written instructions regarding transportation, handling


and storage of various material.

1.4.2

Protect uPVC pipes and fittings from direct sunlight and extreme temperatures.

1.4.3. Do not remove valves/meters end protectors unless necessary for inspection;

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then re-install for storage. Protect valves/meters from weather. Store


valves/meters indoors. If outdoor storage is necessary, support valves/meters
off the ground or pavement in watertight enclosures.
1.4.4. Rig valves/meters to avoid damage to exposed valve parts. Do not use
handwheels and stems as lifting or rigging points.
1.5.

WARRANTY
Submit written guarantee signed by the manufacturer, and the contractor, agreeing to
replace defective material or workmanship within 1 year of date of substantial handing
over.

1.6.

QUALITY ASSURANCE
Comply with the applicable portions of Uniform Plumbing Code (UPC) and Basic
National Plumbing Code (BOCA).

1.7.

FIELD MEASUREMENTS
The Contractor shall verify all dimensions in the field and shall advise the
Contracting Officer of any discrepancy before performing the work.

2.

PART 2 - PRODUCTS

2.1

GENERAL MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS

2.1.1 Standard Products


Materials and equipment shall be the standard products of a manufacturer who has produced
similar systems which have performed well for a minimum period of 2 years prior to bid
opening. Equipment shall be supported by a service organization that is, in the opinion of the
Contracting Officer, reasonably convenient to the site.
2.1.2 Nameplates
Each item of equipment shall have the manufacturers name, address, type or style, model or
serial number, and catalog number on a plate secured to the item of equipment.
2.1.3 Extra Stock
The following extra stock shall be provided: Two sprinkler heads of each size and type, two
valve keys for operating manual valves, two electric valves, two wrenches for removing and
installing each type of head, two quick coupler keys and hose swivels and two repair

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Specifications

couplings for each type pipe installed.


2.2

PIPES AND FITTINGS


2.2.1. Pressure Main, Lateral Line and Bubbler Line Pipes and Fittings: Unplastisized
polyvinyl chloride (PVC) Schedule 80, conforming to ASTM D 1785 or SASO
14 and 15 Class V.
2.2.2. Pipe Fittings: Socket-type unplasticized polyvinyl chloride (uPVC) plastic
fittings conforming to ASTM D 2467, Schedule 80.
2.2.3. Jointing System:
.Welded joints using solvent cement conforming to ASTM D 2564.
2.2.4. Piping shall be marked with manufacturer's name, nominal pipe size, schedule
or class, pressure rating and date of extrusion.
2.2.5. Fittings shall bear the manufacturer's name or trademark, material designation
and size.

2.3.

APPLICATION DEVICES
2.3.1. General: As applicable for the particular device, rates of application and
operating pressure of bubblers and lawn sprinklers shall be as shown on
drawings and as specified herein.
2.3.2. Bubblers: Manufacturer's standard, pressure-compensating type (20 and 90
psi), temper resisting, non-corrosive plastic and rubber construction, with inlet
filter screen.
2.3.2.1.For shrubs and ground covers, provide pressure-compensating
bubblers, full circle pattern with a flow rate of 0.25 GPM at 20 psi
operating pressure.

2.3.2.2.For trees, provide pressure-compensating bubblers, full circle pattern


with a flow rate of 0.50 GPM at 20 psi operating pressure.
2.3.3. Lawn Sprinklers:
2.3.3.1.Small Lawn Areas: Provide pop-up spray sprinklers with plastic nozzles, precise
and uniform spray pattern as indicated on drawings. Radius of throw shall be
minimum 3.35 m (11 ft) with flow of 1.80 GPM flow at 25 psi operating
pressure.

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2.3.3.2.Small Lawn Areas: Provide impact rotor pop-up spray sprinklers with brass
nozzles, full and/or part circle, precise and uniform spray pattern as indicated
on drawings.
2.3.4. Drip Emitters : Pressure-compensating type, of highly resilient elastomer orificed
diaphragm, self-cleaning and resistant to tearing and abrasion, with internally barbed
outlet to provide watertight connection between distribution tubing, and constant
flow from each outlet despite pressure changes.
2.3.4.1. For shrubs and ground covers, provide pressure-compensating single-outlet
emitters with a flow rate of 0.50 gph at 15 psi operating pressure.
2.3.4.2. For trees, provide pressure-compensating multi-outlet emitters with a flow
rate of 1.00 gph/outlet at 15 psi. each emitter shall have the number of
outlets open per tree as shown on the drawings.
2.4

VALVES
Valves shall be as specified in Section 15100 - VALVES.

2.5

SPECIALIZED VALVES
2.5.1. Quick Coupling Valves: Low pressure loss type, with male or female threads.
Provide brass or bronze valves and covers. Valve body shall be 2-section type
with removable upper body and supplied with stainless steel spring loaded
locking covers. Valves shall be operated by insertion of a compatible hollow
coupler key. Valves shall be operated by a 90 turn in clockwise direction with
reverse turn for closure. Size of valve shall be as indicated on Drawings.
2.5.2. Electric Remote Control Valve Non-pressure regulating type valves shall be
used for the bubbler system and pressure regulating type valves shall be used

for the lawn areas. Control valve shall have a plastic body, bonnet construction,
with CP self-flushing nylon screen, pressure regulating range of 15-100 psi (+/5 psi), Schrader valve on PRS module, fluid resistor, low power requirement,
flow control stem, manual open/close control; 24 Volt AC 50/200 cycle
solenoid power requirement; 200 psi operation rating. Connect remote control
valves to irrigation controller on site and coordinate time of operations as well
as the necessary adjustments. Size of valve shall be as indicated as indicated on
Drawings.
2.6.

IRRIGATION CONTROLLER
2.6.1. Provide an independent station, multi-valve capacity, automatic sequencing

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controller type, capable of automatic or manual operation of remote control/


solenoid valves over an individually variable time from 2 through 60 minutes
(in 1 minute increment); from 1 through 6 hours (in 1 hour increment) based on
14-day cycle for every day starts for a 2-week period. Controller shall be
weather-proof and shall have the capability to operate number of stations
shown on drawings.
2.6.2. Wiring from controller to valves: Conform to the requirements of Section
16050 - BASIC MATERIALS AND METHODS. Size and type of wiring
cables shall be as recommended by valve manufacturer.
2.7

VALVE BOXES
As specified in Clause 2.9 of this Section.

2.8.

IRRIGATION WATER PUMPS


2.8.1

Furnish and install variable speed controlled by frequency convertor microprocessor factory-fabricated and tested automatic water pressure booster
system consisting of diaphragm type pressure tank, centrifugal pumps, power
and control panels, instrumentation and operation. Package type booster
pumping system shall be of type capacity as shown on the drawings.

2.8.2

Pumps: Provide centrifugal, multi stage, inline-suction vertical type pumps with
mechanical shaft seals. Mount each pump on vibration isolator and connect
them with reinforced flexible pipe connection on discharge line.
Provide temperature probe and eccentric purge valve immediately upstream of
each PRV. Pump capacities shall be shown on the drawings.

2.8.3

Motors: Lead and lag pumps shall be driven by a drip-proof shaft motor,
capacity and power ratings as shown on the drawings. Each pump motor shall
meet NEMA standards and operate within the available service factor at any
point on the pump capacity-head curve.

2.8.4

Pressure Tank: Provide factory-precharged diaphragm type pressure tank of


required size with replaceable flexible membrane. Construct in accordance with
ASME Code and provide ASME stamp of 70 psi minimum pressure.

2.8.5

Method of Operation: Refer to drawings.

2.8.6. Controls:

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2.8.6.1.Power and Control Panel: Furnish a single enclosure power and control
panel, NEMA 1, hinged door, lockable for booster pump system.
Enclosure shall be steel and furnished with an oven-baked enamel. The
panel shall include for each pump a fused disconnect switch with
external operating handle, starter with 3-leg overload protection,
running light and multiple position motor control switch and discharge
pressure gauge. It shall also house all control components and include
380 volt control transformer with control power switch, indicating
lights, including time relays, audio-visual alarm system, suction pressure
gauge and other necessary controls. All of the above shall be factory
internally pre-wired and tested in accordance with the provisions of the
National Electrical Code. Panel shall have the UL listings or equivalent
mark for industrial control panels.
2.8.6.2.Control panels shall incorporate hand-off-automatic selector switches,
magnetic starters with thermal overload protectors on all legs, circuit
breakers, control transformer, necessary relays and a green pilot light
for each motor. An automatic alternator changes main pump sequence
every 24 hours to equalize pump operating time.
2.8.6.3.Pressure and temperature sensing control package shall include a
thermal sensing device. If the pump casing temperature rises to an
undesirable level during very low flows, this device activates a purge
valve to relieve the system of heated water.
2.8.6.4.Control includes or in combination thereof:
a.

Lead Pump Failure: Starts lag pump upon loss of discharge


pressure and sounds optional alarm and/or lights indicator light
on panel. Manual reset.

b.

Low Suction Pressure Shut-Off: Stops all pumps upon loss of


suction pressure. Indicator light panel. Optional audible alarm.
Manual reset.

c.

High System Pressure Shut-Off: Instantaneously shuts off pump


when pressure in system reaches predetermined point. Indicator
light on panel. Manual reset.

d.

No flow shut-off to turn off all pumps at no flow condition.


Automatically turns lead pump back on when system pressure
drops a minimum of 10 psi and maintains operation for a
minimum of 2 minutes.

e.

Low liquid level shut-off to shut-off all pumps at low level in


pump suction reservoir, with weatherproof level switch.

2.8.6.5.Controller shall be fitted with "LCD" display to provide full information


on system status.

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Specifications

2.8.7. Factory Pre-Fabrication:


2.8.7.1.The entire booster system shall be factory pre-fabricated on a common
structural steel stand with all interconnecting piping and wiring
completed and operationally tested prior to shipment. Complete
package shall include isolation valves on the suction and discharge of
each pump. Galvanized steel suction and discharge pipe manifolds, as
well as copper tubing with shut-off cocks for gauges and pressure
switches, will be furnished assembled. The only field connections
required will be the system suction and discharge and power connection
at the control panel.
2.8.7.2.All like parts of same type pumps fabricated by the same manufacturer
shall be interchangeable.
2.8.7.3.Whenever possible, the pump shall be manufactured such that it shall
be possible to disassemble the rotor assembly with minimum
disassembly of other parts such as suction and discharge nozzles,
bearing supports, etc., being left in place.
2.8.7.4.All castings shall be clean without defect. Casting repairs shall be done
only after agreement is reached between the Consultant and the
Contractor.
2.8.7.5.All foundry and machine work shall be in accordance with good
practice for the class of work involved.
2.8.7.6.All parts shall conform to the required dimensions and shall be free
from defects that will prevent proper functioning of the pump.
2.8.7.7.Assembly of parts shall be wall fitted and smoothly operating.

2.8.7.8.All internal parts, such as impeller, requiring surface treatment shall be


sprayed with PVC epoxy primer in accordance with pump
manufacturer's standard practice.
2.8.7.9.Pump sets shall be assembled as completely as possible as a unit
including base plate, driver, couplings and guards, lubrication, seal
flush, etc., as the requirement allows. Seal flush systems shall be
equipped with appropriate controls-strainers and filters as
recommended by the manufacturer.
2.8.7.10. Pump exterior shall be sprayed with PVC epoxy primer and shall be
painted to meet specific application requirements in accordance with
pump manufacturer's standard practice.
2.9 ACCESSORIES AND APPURTENANCES

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Specifications

2.9.1 Valve Keys for Manually Operated Valves and Quick Coupler Valves
Valve keys shall be 1 5 mm diameter by 1000 mm long, tee handles and
keyed to fit valves.
Quick coupler valves shall be of same construction as quick coupler and designed to
fit and actuate valve. Provide three keys, with one key outfitted with hose bibb.
2.9.2 Valve Boxes
Valve boxes shall be plastic, lockable, for valve manifolds or each gate valve, manual
control valve and remote control valve. Box sizes shall fit for valve used. Word
IRRIGATION shall be cast on cover. Install no more than three valves per box.
2.9.3 Pressure Gauges
Pressure gauges shall conform to requirements of ASME B40. I, single style
pressure gauge for water with 115 mm dial brass or aluminum case, bronze tube,
gauge cock, pressure snubber, and siphon. Scale range shall be suitable for irrigation
sprinkler systems.
1.

Service Clamps
Service clamps shall be bronze flat, double strap, with neoprene gasket or O-ring
seal.

2.9.5 Water Hammer Arresters


Water hammer arrester shall conform to the requirements of ASME Al 12.26. 1 M;
stainless steel construction with an encased and sealed bellows compression
chamber.
2.9.6 Backflow Preventers
Reduced pressure principle assemblies, double check valve assemblies, atmospheric
(nonpressure) type vacuum breakers, and pressure type vacuum breakers shall be
tested, approved, and listed in accordance with FCCHR-01. Backflow preventers
with intermediate atmospheric vent shall be in accordance with ASSE 1012.
Reduced pressure principle backflow preventers shall be in accordance with ASSE
1013.
2.10ELECTRICAL WORK
Wiring and rigid conduit for electrical power shall be in accordance with NFPA 70.
1.

WATER SUPPLY MAIN MATERIALS


Tapping sleeves, service cut off valves, and connections to water supply mains shall
be. in accordance with Section 02668, WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM.

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Specifications

2.12MARKER TAPE
Marker tape shall be provided at minimum height of 300 mm above the buried pipeline
in a trench during backfilling. Detectable tape shall be 300 mm width, 100 micron
nominal thickness and obtained from approved supplier. It shall be printed in Arabic
and English alternately with words CAUTION; BURIED IRRIGATION LINE.
3.PART 3 EXECUTION
3.1.

EXAMINATION
3.1.1. Pipes and Pipe Fittings:
3.1.1.1. Examine visually pipes and pipe fittings for scratches, damages,
cracks, delaminations, crushing and weathering. Damaged pipes and
pipe fittings shall not be installed.
3.1.1.2. Clean pipes and pipe fittings prior to
installation.
3.1.1.3. Discard adhesives and other piping materials that are beyond their
stamped expiry dates as well as leaking and opened containers.
3.1.2. Valves:
3.1.2.1. Examine valve interior through the end ports for cleanliness, freedom
from foreign matter, and corrosion. Remove special packing materials
used to prevent disc movement during shipping and handling.
3.1.2.2. Actuate valves through an open-close and close-open cycle. Examine
significant features as guides and seats made accessible by such
actuation.
3.1.2.3. Examine mating flange faces for conditions that might cause leakage.
Check bolting for proper size, length, and material. Check gasket
material for proper size, material composition suitable for service, and
freedom from defects and damage.
3.1.2.4. Replace defective valves with new valves.

3.2.

RELATED WORKS
3.2.1. Trenching and bedding for underground piping shall conform to Section 02222EXCAVATION, TRENCHING AND BACKFILLING FOR UTILITIES
SYSTEMS.

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Specifications

3.2.2. Dewatering: Dewatering, where required, shall conform to the requirements of


Section 02200 - EARTHWORK.
3.2.3. Pipelines Crossings under Roads: Conform to the requirements of Section
02222 EXCAVATION, TRENCHING AND BACKFILLING FOR
UTILITIES SYSTEMS.
3.3.

INSTALLATION OF PIPING SYSTEM


3.3.1. Installation - General:
3.3.1.1. Install pipes, fittings, and valves in accordance with the requirements
of AWWA M23.
3.3.1.2. Inspect pipes, fittings and valves for soundness and for imperfections
of coatings, wrappings and linings prior to installation.
3.3.1.3. Deflection at joints shall not exceed the maximum deflection
recommended by the pipe or coupling manufacturer for each type of
joint and each size of pipes.
3.3.1.4. Blocking shall be permitted only where indicated.
3.3.1.5. Install temporary piping, valves, meters, gauges, and equipment
required for hydrostatic testing and disinfecting in accordance with
detailed approved working drawings.
3.3.2

Trenching
3.3.2.1. Trench around roots shall be hand excavated to pipe grade when
roots of 50 mm diameter or greater are encountered. Trench width
shall be 100 mm minimum or 1 1/2 times diameter of pipe,
whichever is wider. Backfill shall be hand tamped over excavation.
When rock is encountered, trench shall be excavated 100 mm
deeper and backfilled with silty sand (SM) or well-graded sand
(SW) to pipe grade Trenches shall be kept free of obstructions and
debris that would damage pipe. Subsoil shall not be mixed with
topsoil. Existing concrete walks, drives and other obstacles shall be
bored at a depth conforming to bottom of adjacent trenches. Pipe
sleeves for bored pipe shall be two pipe diameters larger than
sprinkler pipe.

3.3.3

Cover
3.3.3.1. Underground piping shall be installed as to meet the minimum depth
of backfill cover specified.

3.3.4

Clearances

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Specifications

3.3.4.1. Minimum horizontal clearances between lines shall be 100 mm for


pipe 50 mm and less; 300 mm for 65 mm and larger. Minimum
vertical clearances between lines shall be 25 mm.
3.3.5

Sprinklers and Quick Coupling Valves: Shall be installed plumb and level
with terrain.

3.3.6

Backflow Preventers: Shall be installed in new connection toexisting


water distribution system, between connection and control valves. Backflow
preventer shall be installed with concrete pads.

3.3.7

Control Wire and Conduit


3.3.7.1

Wires
Low voltage wires may be buried beside pipe in same trench. Rigid
conduit shall be provided where wires run under paving. Wires shall
be number tagged at key locations along main to facilitate service.
One control circuit shall be provided for each zone and a circuit to
control sprinkler system.

3.3.7.2

Loops
A 300 mm loop of wire shall be provided at each valve where
controls are connected.

3.3.7.3

Expansion and Contraction


Multiple wires shall be bundled and taped together at 6 m intervals
with 300 mm loop for expansion and contraction.

3.3.7.4

Splices
Electrical splices shall be waterproof

3.3.8

Automatic Controller
Exact field location of the existing controller shall be determined before
installation. Coordinate the electrical service to these locations.

3.3.9 Thrust Blocks


Install thrust blocks at bends, tees plugs, and valves of 80 mm (minimum)
pipe.
Concrete shall be placed so that sides subject to thrust or load are against
undisturbed earth, and valves and fittings are serviceable after concrete has
set. Thrust blocks shall be as specified in Section 02668 - WATER
DISTRIBUTION LINES.

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3.4.

VALVE INSTALLATION
3.4.1. Locate valves for easy access and provide separate supports where necessary.
Install valves in a position allowing full stem movement.
3.4.2. Install valves using flanged connections. Align flange surfaces parallel. Assemble
joints in accordance with the valve manufacturer's recommendations for
gasketing and bolting.

3.5

FIELD QUALITY CONTROL


3.5.1. Hydrostatic Testing:
3.5.1.1

Underground piping to be tested shall be partially backfilled with


joints exposed during test unless otherwise directed by Contracting
Officer.

3.5.1.2. Protect exposed joints from direct sunlight during testing. Perform
hydrostatic testing so that the temperature of test water shall not
exceed 40 degree C during the test period.
3.5.1.3. Provide temporary thrust resistance using wooden supports at
changes of direction prior to hydrostatic testing of assembled piping.
3.5.1.4. No adhesive-bonded piping shall be pressurized until joints have
cured in accordance with the Manufacturer's instructions.
3.5.1.5. Conduct Hydrostatic tests in presence of Contracting Officer, and
prior to coating joints and disinfecting. Conduct hydrostatic tests after
the associated concrete works has set for a minimum of 7 days for
standard concrete.
3.5.1.6. Place test pump on firm ground away from piping. Pump shall have a
calibrated and tagged relief valve set at 10 percent above the test
pressure or a maximum of 170 kPa above test pressure for pressure
piping systems.
3.5.1.7. Use a calibrated and tagged pressure gauge of the proper range for
testing pressure piping systems.
3.5.1.8. Perform hydrostatic test using fresh water. Fill pipeline 24 hours prior
to testing.
3.5.1.9. Pressure test for the water distribution mains shall be 1035 kPa (150
psig) or 345 kPa (50 psig) above the operating pressure, whichever is
greater.
3.5.1.9.1. Test lines whose joints have been backfilled at the above

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Specifications

mentioned pressure test for 24 hours.


3.5.1.9.2. Test lines whose joints have not been backfilled at the
above mentioned pressure test for 4 hours.
3.5.2. Inspection:
3.5.2.1. Examine exposed pipes, joints, fittings, valves, and hydrants for
eakage during hydrostatic testing.
3.5.2.2. Replace leaking pipe, joints and fittings in accordance with the
requirements specified herein.
3.5.2.3. Repeat hydrostatic testing after the repair of defects until the system
is proved satisfactory.
3.5.2.4. Piping shall be satisfactory if there is no evidence of leakage or
pressure loss after the specified test period.
3.5.3. Repair Methods:
3.5.3.1. Conform to the requirements specified herein for the provision of
new materials required for replacement at the defected areas.
3.5.3.2. Conform to the manufacturer's recommendations for permanent and
temporary repairs of piping.
3.6

POSTING FRAMED INSTRUCTIONS


Framed instructions wiring and control diagrams in laminated plastic shall be
posted where directed. Condensed operating instructions, prepared in typed
form, shall be framed as specified above and posted beside the diagrams. The
framed instructions shall be posted before acceptance testing of the system.

3.7

FIELD TRAINING
A field training course shall be provided for designated operating and maintenance staff
members. Training shall be provided for a total period of 4 hours of normal working
time and shall start after the system is functionally complete but prior to final
acceptance tests. Field training shall cover all of the items contained in the operating
and maintenance manuals.

3.8.

PREPARATION FOR USE


3.8.1. After completion of hydrostatic tests, drain lines in an
approved manner.
3.8.2. Remove temporary test piping and equipment that will no longer be required.
3.8.3. Field Coating: After completion of hydrostatic tests and before disinfecting,

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Specifications

prime or re-prime as required and provide a protective coating to uncoated


metal components of piping system, including joints, tie rods and harnesses as
specified herein, except exposed ends of steel pipes up to couplings shall be
wrapped with hot applied coal tar tape.
3.9.

BACKFILL
3.9.1. Trench backfilling shall conform to the requirements of Section 02222
EXCAVATION, TRENCHING AND BACKFILLING FOR UTILITIES
SYSTEMS.
3.9.2. Marker Tape: Install continuous, marker tape during backfilling of trench for
underground services. Locate tape 300 mm below finished grade.

3.10.

FLUSHING
General: On completion of the system tests, the system is to be thoroughly flushed, the
velocity of water being at least 1 m/sec. Should the main water supply be unavailable
or inadequate for this purpose at the time of flushing, then a swab of adequate size
construction shall be used to remove all foreign matter in the pipeline. This process
shall continue until the pipeline is completely clean. Each control valve shall be opened
separately and the terminal systems also thoroughly flushed with clean water.
END OF SECTION

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