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Xenophobia and racism are irrational attitudes stemming from a conception of creating a difference

between us and the other.
In their approach, they rely on a worldview informed by stereotypes. Xenophobia, more specifically,
is based on the dislike and distrust of foreigners. Therefore, having formed a set of preconceived
ideas and opinions about the foreigners, we can act in a prejudicial manner towards them. Racism,
on the other hand, derives from the notion that a particular group of people is superior to another. If
the other is inferior, they are incapable of performing or expressing themselves in a way that
qualifies them as people, and can be discriminated against. Fundamentally, though, both
xenophobia and racism are motivated by fear and a misconception of belonging.
South Africa is a multi-class, multi-cultural society with people from a multitude of origins. The
majority is indigenous to the geographic space we occupy, whereas others came as colonists,
slaves, labourers, refugees fleeing from persecution, etc.
In 199O, we made a decision to end strife in our country. The ANC chose to end the armed struggle
and negotiate with our enemies with the aim of creating a nation; a people diverse in their
languages, cultural expressions and racial appearance. We decided that our nascent nation would
become a beacon of hope to a world in which racism still exists. We decided that we want a nonracial, non-sexist, united and democratic country. We jointly drafted a Constitution, which laid out the
minimum standards by which we would build our nation. Human rights, the value of human life and
the need for a humane and tolerant society, given our diversity, were thought of as the ethos of this
nation. We cannot and must not lose sight of this as we move forward.
We acknowledge the negative impact of patriarchy on the lives of women. We must remain
determined to ensure that the emancipation of women goes beyond representation but enables
women to live as equal citizens, irrespective of the cultural or traditional norms that their respective
origins impose on them. We must challenge the tradition and cultural norms that are harmful to the
development of any person or community as not representing the ethos of human rights we fought
So too, as South Africans the fear of other Africans and the deliberate mismanagement of their rights
as human beings is wrong. A refugee is a person who, owing to a well founded fear of being
persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or
political opinion, lives outside their country of birth. They are unable or unwilling to return their
country owing to this fear. Each country has systems by which she accords refugees status to such
vulnerable individuals. It is expected of the refugee, having sought asylum in a foreign country, to
apply in order to be granted such status.
The laws governing our country enable this process upon application. Although it often takes time,
as it does in most countries, South Africa has been home to refugees from Mozambique, Burundi,

It is critical that we take stock of what brought us to where we are and why we must avoid taking the road backwards. Illegal activity. . collecting VAT on items sold and registration of a business. We need to assert the right of all South Africans to live wherever they choose or please. The South Africans. That genocide was based on the obliteration of a group of people by the colonizers. South Africans who have chosen to settle in the Western Cape have been described as refugees. Our decision as a nation. In other instances. These events illustrate the deep-rootedness anger and prejudice in our history. who experienced the worst form of indoctrination under apartheid. The older generation. Zimbabwe. and used that to build momentum against people who were German by birth. however. The complaints about foreign national taking over local economic activity are disconcerting. who lived in exile. When Hitler began his murderous tirade and genocide of people of the Jewish faith. The Khoi genocide in the Western Cape was another murderous act that not been properly documented and remains vague in our historical annals. based on racial identification. As we advocate for the respect and protection of foreign nationals. were subjected to the rule of law of the country they were accepted in. such as running a brothel or selling drugs from a business premises is criminal whether it is a citizen of South Africa doing this or a foreign national doing so. We also still use negative terms such as the kaffir. he attacked their presence in the economic arena first. we should also emphasise that foreign nationals should recognise that to be protected by the law they must first obey it. was to integrate refugees into communities so that they live as normal a life as is possible. Mozambique and many other African. refugees were confined to specific areas where they lived. Apartheid packaged us into language specific areas. Swaziland. continues to behave in this manner. Somalia and other African countries where there was or is conflict. The situation is far more complex. Those who were able to work did so in terms of the work permits granted to refugees in those countries. South Africans sometimes sell their businesses to foreign nationals because nationals are not prepared to put up the purchase price. koelie and boesman when we describe each other. Botswana. A business license imposes obligations of paying tax. There are also allegations that some South African shop owners are behind the attacks on foreign nationals who run spaza shops in our townships. which further engenders racial prejudice or Afrophobia. Libya. It is equally important that foreign nationals living in South Africa should respect the rules that govern our country.the DRC. When our own war was ongoing we were given refugee status in Angola. as alleged. South Africans rent out their shops to foreign nationals because they make more income from the rent than they do as shopkeepers. In most instances. and in most communities a South African who came from another part of the country was negatively referred to as a "kom ver" or “inkommer”. as well as in European and Asian countries. Egypt.

We expect the police to protect every human life. but are part of the continent of Africa. whoever does it. The demon of racialism. We also expect the police to act against illegal activity of any kind. This is a problem we must mobilise on.Enticing young school girls into prostitution reduces their lives to sex slavery and is wrong. and work together to condemn all actions that divert us from our goals. tribalism and xenophobia must be obliterated from our collective progressive consciousness. The reality is that many employers deliberately do not employ South Africans because they disrespect our labour laws. The rights of all workers must be protected and unemployed South Africans must be given consideration for work opportunities before any other person may be considered. The ANC condemns xenophobia. . Charity must begin at home. We must condemn the notion that a refugee can be exploited and that refugees and asylum seekers are condemned to being cheap labour. Equally. South Africans who are unemployed find it difficult to accept that they are less qualified to be employed in sectors such as the security. We do not live on an island. Let us form street committees and zonal committees and exert our influence on all who live in our communities. agricultural domestic work sectors of our economy. As our countries continue to develop we must expect that people will migrate throughout the continent. we condemn non compliance with the rule of law.