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BRAIN DRAIN

The loss of a country when skilled and intelligent people leave it to go and live in other countries for
better opportunities is called brain drain. In India the tendency to go abroad is growing rapidly. The
growing urge among the Indian families to send their children to foreign lands especially the west is
getting even stronger despite the fact that our country is in no way lacking in having excellent
educational institutions.
The urge to go to the west has become compelling in our country in post-independence years. If we
look into the reason for the brain drain phenomenon, it will be cleared that the educational pattern
of country is not up to the mark. It does not serve the needs of the country. Other reasons are
unrecognised or unrewarded talents and lack of job opportunities for trained professionals.
This is the start of the brain drain of the young. Lure of higher salaries in hard currency, better living
and favourable conditions of setting down with the family also prompt highly qualified Indians to
look to the west for jobs. In the year 1966-1970 thousands of Indian professionals made their way to
the US, which is really vexy shocking.
India has proved to be the fount of more than a fourth of the skilled immigrants to the US, the major
part of this brain drain being borne by the medical faculties. According to the World Health
Organisation, India is the largest donor of medical manpower in the world. Just imagine the
situation of the medical manpower in the country itself. Then we would have better health care
within our approach.
Thus, India is in double loss. She is not only losing these professionals but also the
resources INVESTED in their training. For instance, the governments spends two lakhs on every
IIT graduate it is seen that one out of every three of these settles in the US after going these for
higher studies.
The earnings and remmittances from the Indians settled abroad or their eventual return are poor
compensation for the lasting and serious loss inflicted by their outflow. The specific objectives of the
anti-brain -drain policies, within the framework of independent development, are to bring back to a
limited extent, the lost talents and skills from abroad and reduce the outflow in the short run and
finally end it except that necissiated by genuine, multi-lateral international dependence.
It is really a good sign that there is a significant 'return flow' of people who went abroad to study and
choose to become Americans or British citizens. Now it has been seen that even professionals like
doctors want to return because they are sure that they will earn equivalent amounts in India too.
Substantial exoduses of skilled people were apparent at altered epochs of the economic growth of
the countries of Europe and North America. However, with the progress in science and technological

If one were to investigate statistics of all Developed Countries. develop and rich countries become richer and more developed and poor and developing countries become poorest and failure states. relocation of intellectuals is as old as mankind. This terminology of Brain Drain originated in 1960. the anterior colonies of Africa and mostly in federal economies like the Soviet Union previous Eastern Germany. emigrated from United Kingdom to America. the island nations of the Caribbean. the records would be alarming. talents and skills have immigrated to the richer countries. This phenomena was not as severe till 1960s but with the huge capacity lopsidedly migrate to West Germany and North America from less developed regions. because of their great hope.fewer productive educational funds. where aptitudes were not monetarily salaried. when most of the intellectuals like scientists and engineers who were the real assets or the future of any country. With the deficit in the core stream..fields. The unsolved issue of Brain Drain is happening all over the world for the sake of better working conditions including. This drift has continued in Africa and loss of huge qualified manpower is happen immigrations to Europe and North America annually. some of the outcomes have produced the poorer rates of growth and development. only the intellectuals and highly qualified brains was of extraordinary mandate in highly developed countries. highly instable politically some are in the condition of cold war like Pakistan …. Canada and United Kingdom) in 1960s and by 1970s. the developed countries had to be dependent on the LDCs. Globally. As seen pragmatically. The phenomena of brain drain has left harmful effects in the region of poor countries like Africa. and worse health care system and Loss of potential modernizers who might have paved the way to rejuvenation and up gradation through their advanced and creative abilities . Professionals migrated from developing countries to three Developing countries (USA. Consequently. the figure had mounted.