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Densities

Introduction:
Matter has mass and occupies space. For a given homogeneous
quantity of matter, the ratio of these properties has a specific value
known as density. Density is the ratio of the mass to the volume:

Density =

mass
volume

If the mass is measured in grams and the volume in cubic
centimeters, the density has units of g/cm3 . The table below lists the
densities of some common metals.
Densities of Common Metals
Metal

Density in g/cm3

Metal

Density in g/cm3

Magnesium

1.74

Iron

7.85

Aluminum

2.70

Nickel

8.60

Zinc

7.04

Copper

8.93

Tin

7.30

Lead

11.34

Experimental:
A. Density of a metal cylinder.
Obtain a metal cylinder and record the identification number
stamped in the metal. Determine the mass to 0.001 grams. Next,
determine the volume of the cylinder by the following two methods:
(1) Volume by water displacement. Partially fill a 100 mL
graduated cylinder and record the volume. Tilt the graduated cylinder
and carefully slide the metal cylinder down into the water. The water in
the graduated cylinder must cover the metal cylinder completely. Read
and record the new water level. The volume of the metal cylinder is found
by subtracting the initial water level from the final water level.

Calculate the volume (in cm3) by using the equation: V   r 2h   ( diameter )2 height 2 Using these separate values for the volume (remember that 1 mL = 1 = 1cc). Draw the best straight line through the points. . one for the y-axis. Record the data in a similar manner to the example shown below: Data Volume of Salt Solution in mL Weight of graduated cylinder and solution in grams 1. one for the x-axis x1. Mark each point with a bold dot. Draw the best straight line through the points.15 7. Clean and dry the graduated cylinder and record the weight of the empty graduated cylinder from the balance (for comparison).50 38. cm3 B.52 9. 5 mL. Each of these points has two values. To determine the slope. and 10 mL of salt solution. a straightline graph can be made. By adding various volumes of a salt solution to a 10 mL graduated cylinder and carefully measuring the volume and total weight. y1. y2. Measure the height and diameter of the metal cylinder (in cm) using a metric ruler. Don’t be surprised if the two density calculations are a bit off.95 32.16 36. The density of the salt solution can be determined from the graph. Density of a Salt Solution. The slope of the line is the density of the salt solution.05 Using your data plot a graph with the weight of the graduated cylinder and solution on the vertical axis and the volume of solution on the horizontal axis.23 41. 7 mL. The slope is found by the equation: slope  rise y2  y1   density run x 2  x1 Weigh a 10 mL graduated cylinder containing approximately 2 mL.85 5. x2. choose two points on the line some distance apart.2 (2) Volume by measurement. calculate the density for the metal cylinder. Plot the weight of the 10 mL graduated cylinder and salt solution on the vertical axis and the volume of the salt solution on the horizontal axis.

Density of a metal (Show calculations) Unknown Metal Number 1. b. g By Volume Displacement Initial water level ml Final water level ml Volume ml By measurement Height cm Diameter cm Radius cm Volume cm3 Density a. Mass 2. Using Volume by Displacement g/cm3 b. 3.3 Name Date Report for Experiment A. Using Volume by Measurement g/cm3 . Volume a.

4 B. attach a copy of the print-out of the graph. . Weight of Graduated Cylinder from Balance g 5. Salt Solution Number Weight of cylinder and solution in grams Volume of Solution in mL 2.. Weight of the Graduated Cylinder from Graph (y-intercept) g 4. Density of a salt solution (Show calculations) 1. Attach graph to report. If you want to use a graphing software program (e. Density from Graph (show calculations below) g/ml 3. Label axes.g. Excel).

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