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UNIVERSITY OF DALAT

DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES

BRITISH CIVILIZATION - 2007
Tran Thanh Hung - M.A. 2007

THE BRITISH ISLES

THE UNITED KINGDOM

(Names to be mentioned: Welsh, Scots Gaelic, Irish Gaelic, Bir-

formal name:

mingham, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Belfast, Cardiff, Catholic, Protestant,
Muslim, Hindu, Judaism Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, Scotland, England, Wales, Romans, Latin, Britannia.)

- The United Kingdom

- Location:

- Area

- United Kingdom:

- Population

-Britain:

-Major cities:
+ London
+ and Great Britain:

+Other cities
- Languages

+ the name Britain:

- Nationalities

BRITISH CIVILIZATION - 2007

GREAT BRITAIN

General Introduction
B. England

A. Scotland:

(names to be mentioned: Scots, Gaelic,
Lowlands, Highlands, Midlands, Uplands,
Aberdeen, Dundee, Inverness, St. Andrew, Royal Mile, Scotti, Celt, Celtic,
Caledonia, Hebrides, Orkney, Shetland,
Lock Ness)
In local language it is called

(names to be mentioned: Common
Wealth of Nations, Sheffield, Bristol, Sir.
Benjamin Hall, Houses of Parliament)

England, Anglia in Latin, is a political division of the
island of Great Britain, the principal division of the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
-Location and area:

Rìoghachd na h'Albannach
- Location and area
-Population
-Languages
- Population: (the total and population distribution)

-Languages

-Main cities:

-Main cities

-The world famous landmarks:

C. Wales (names to be mentioned: Bala Lake, Snowdon,

Cymru, Cardiff, Swansea, Newport, Taff,
Ely, Bristol Channel)

-Scotland‟s name

Wales is a unique country within
Britain in that it is a Principality.
The current Prince of Wales is
Prince Charles, the oldest son of
Queen Elizabeth II. Wales and England have been
united politically for almost five centuries, the two countries sharing systems of law, land tenure and local government. However, the Principality has a history, language and culture of its own.

-Noticeable points in brief:

-Location and area:
-Population
-Languages
-Main cities
-Noticeable points in brief

2007 Tran Thanh Hung .What is the difference between Britain and Great Britain? 3-Where does the name “Britain” come from? C-What is the population of Scotland? Where is the highest density in Scotland? How is the population of Scotland distributed? D-Retell a story you know about the name ‚Scotland‛. B-What do you know about languages generally spoken in Scotland? F-Mention some of typical geographic traits of the land of Scotland: G-Mention some of the Scottish typical cultural traits. . Europe? 6-What do you know about Scotland? A-Locate Scotland in the British Isles.M. 2007 1 1-Fill in the following charts with all names of the constituent parts of the British Isles. Just use a couple of simple sentences.UNIVERSITY OF DALAT DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES BRITISH CIVILIZATION . THE BRITISH ISLES 2.A. 4-What is the population of Britain? 5-Which separates the British land and that of Western E-Name two of the world-famous Scottish products.

Lake District. the …………………………... what is famous about the city and locate the city if you can) Inverness Aberdeen Belfast Birmingham Sheffield Bristol Swansea Cardiff Newport Edinburgh Dundee Glasgow Cork Limerick Liverpool Manchester . Stonehenge. and Birmingham Palace? 9. 8-What are the languages popularly spoken in The Principality of the UK? Classroom Test One 2 13-What do you know about the following landmarks: Big Ben. has its own…………………………………….BRITISH CIVILIZATION . What is “The Principality”? 10-What is Wales generally famous for? 11-What are the seven wonders of London? 14-Define the following words: compromise constituent nation population density urban center cosmopolitan. (Just name the country that the city belongs to. Lock Ness. Wales has been united to England for several centuries. the two countries have the same ……………………………………………………………………………………………. but Wales.Define “principality” in your own words.2007 7-Complete the following sentence: “Politically. say whether the city is the capital city or not. 12-Say what you know about the cities mentioned below. Snowdon.

AD Kent Chester Angles Romanized Winchester Castle Scandinavia William the Conqueror Lancastrians Protestantism Victoria Oliver Cromwell Dissenters Whig and Tory Charles Dickens Liberals Druids Altar Londinium Lancaster Saxons Eleanor Brickdale Viking King Alfred Norman Yorkists Henry VIII Cavaliers Glorious Revolution Orangemen Stuart Suffragettes Conservatives SOME WORDS & EXPRESSIONS TO BE USED a stream of new people priests feasting astronomical clock aristocracy large-sale.M. 2007 NAMES TO BE MENTIONED English Channel Salisbury Julius Caesar Christianity Anglo-Saxon King Arthur Round Table Danes Duke William of Normandy Robin Hood. lords elected representatives monarch patriotism colonization give the rise to horsemanship remains sanctuary settle self-sufficient peasants defeat dynasty dismiss arrogance Stonehenge Silbury Hill Colchester Gloucester Britons Excalibur Norseman Wessex Parliament Bubonic Plague Anglicanism Roundheads Netherlands Prince Albert House of Lords General Strike . Sherwood Tudor Elizabeth Catholicism Bill of Rights Prince William of Orange Victorian Labour Celt BC.A. small-scale medieval convert democracy implement rejection emigrate the practice of agriculture livestock sense of mystery mound forts dominant descendants barons.UNIVERSITY OF DALAT DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES BRITISH CIVILIZATION .2007 Tran Thanh Hung .

The first “date” in popular British history. 1660 The monarchy and the Anglican religion are restored. The Medieval Period 1066 Barons. became king of all Eng land. a document in which the king agrees to fol low certain rules of Government.2007 OUTLINE SOME IMPORTANT DATES IN BRITISH HISTORY I.Brief Introduction to History BRITISH CIVILIZATION . The TUC (Trades Union Congress) is formed 1800 1868 . values. 1603 James VI of Scotland becomes James I of England. The Eighteenth Century The joining of parliaments Britain expands its empire The Industrial Revolution (reasons. 1215 An alliance of aristocracy. Duke William of Normandy was crowned king of England. As a result. In fact. Prince William of Orange) VI. achievements) King Arthur and his Round Table The Vikings (or Norsemen. 1538 An English language version of the Bible replaces Latin bibles in every church in the land. achievements. It also destroys bubonic plague. including their leader. neither John nor his successors entirely followed them. but Magna Carta is remembered as the first time a monarch agreed in writing to abide by formal procedures. England between the Saxons. characteristics) King Alfred and Wessex. 1066 Battle of Hastings. Britain recognizes the independence of the American colonies 1788 The first British settlers (convicts and soldiers) arrive in Australia The separate Irish Parliament is closed and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland is formed. On 14 October 1066 and invading army from Normandy defeated the English at the Battle of Hastings. 1707 The Act of Union joins the Parliament of Scotland with that of England and Wales 1783 After a war. 1328 After several years of war between the Scottish and English kingdom. 1014 Brian Boru‟s Irish army defeats the Vikings. Why is prehistoric? The Celts (origin. Church and merchants force King John to agree to the Magna Carta (Great Charter). 1534 The Act of Supremacy declares Henry VIII to be the supreme head of the Church in England. The Twentieth Century Women can vote TUC (From the Roman Period to the Eighteenth Century) 55 BC: The Roman general Julius Caesar lands in Britain with an expeditionary force. The battle was close and extremely bloody. On Christmas Day that year. grandson of Alfred. Renaissance. 973 Edgar. characteristics) Stonehenge (its mysteries) II. 1642 The Civil War begins 1649 Charles I is executed. wins a battle and leaves. Most of the city‟s finest churches. 1666 The Great Fire of London destroys most of the city‟s old wooden buildings. King Harold. The Prehistoric Period. Paul‟s Cathedral. “Danelaw” England became one kingdom with a Germanic culture throughout III. most of the best warriors in England were dead. The Seventeenth Century The Civil War (Oliver Cromwell. colonization. Britain briefly becomes a republic and is called „ the Commonwealth‟ . Reformation) V. Scotland is recognized as an independent kingdom. characteristics. Elizabeth I. led by King Alfred and the Danes. The Roman Period Things they left behind III. At the end of it. effects) VII. including St. The Sixteenth Century Tudor dynasty The War of the Roses The Black Death King Henry VIII (why is he well-remembered. For the first and only time. the changes in social structure) VIII. the Norman leader. 1284 The Statue of Wales puts the whole of that country under the control of the English monarch. origin. 43 AD: The Romans come to stay 410 The Romans leave Britain 878 The Peace of Edington partitions. Lords and Peasants Magna Carta A cultural split IV. The Nineteenth Century The UK of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Queen Victoria (biggest empire. Viking settlement in Ireland remains limited and Ireland retains its Celtic identity. which never reappears. never becoming part of the Scandinavian empire. date from the period of rebuilding which follows. The Germanic invasions Reason why Roman Britannia disappeared so quickly The Anglo-Saxons (origin.

UNIVERSITY OF DALAT DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES BRITISH CIVILIZATION . 2007 1 . explain why? 4-What did the Romans leave behind? 5-What does the name Anglo-Saxon come from? 6-What is the difference between the Anglo-Saxon occupation and the Roman occupation? 7-What do you know about the Vikings? 8-Mention one of the reasons why by the end of the tenth century. their ownership) 11-What do you know about King Arthur? 12-What do you know about Magna Carta? Tran Thanh Hung .A.M.2007 1-What do you know about the first tribes who streamed to the British Isles? (Mention some of their prominent characteristics) 2-Say something about an astonishing monumental architecture of the prehistory period? 3-It is sometimes stated that the Romans did not really rule Britain during their settlement there. the lords and the peasants? (their languages. England became one kingdom with a Germanic culture throughout? 9-Why is the year of 1066 considered the most famous date in English history? 10-Who are the barons.

Changes in Society 2 THINGS THEY LEFT BEHIND .Classroom Test Two BRITISH CIVILIZATION . What do you know about Renaissance? F-What is the Wars of Roses? 14-What is the Civil War? Why did this war happen? 15-What do you know about the Industrial Revolution? A. Changes in Industry C. Who is the most famous king? Why is he well-remembered? C. E. Some of the reasons why did it happen? B. Who is Queen Elizabeth I? Why is her time considered the ‚Golden Age‛? D.2007 PEOPLE PERIODS SOME CHARACTERISTICS The Celts The Romans The Anglo-Saxons The Vikings The Normans 13-What do you know about Tudor England? A. Mention two or three prominent achievements of the Tudor England. Why is it called Tudor England? B.

2-What are the three basic features of the British educational system? 3-What is special about compulsory education in Britain? 4. Tran Thanh Hung .A.M.What is special about the school year in Britain? 5-When does a child start his or her school age? 6-What is GCSE? 7-What are the choices for a child when he or she finishes the compulsory education? 8-What are considered as the basic entry requirement to British universities or colleges? 9-What is Oxbridge? 10-What is the Open University? 11-What are the compulsory core subjects in the National Curricula? 12-What are public schools in Britain.UNIVERSITY OF DALAT DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES BRITISH CIVILIZATION . 2007 .2007 1-Mention the main stages of education in the UK. give the name of a famous school of this type.

how is he or she chosen.2007 1-Why is it true to say: ‘Britain is a parliament monarchy or a constitutional monarchy’? 2-What is special about the British Constitution compared to the constitutions of most other countries? 3-What are the two principles of the British Constitution? 4-What are the Queen’s basic functions in theory? 5-Who is the executive. who are the members of the Cabinet? (who are departmental ministers and non-departmental ministers?) 11-What are the local governments in Britain often called? 12-Which is the term ‚Whitehall‛ used to refer to? Group Work HOUSE OF LORDS No. how is the Cabinet formed. the Crown (or the Monarch).UNIVERSITY OF DALAT DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES BRITISH CIVILIZATION . the House of Lords or the House of Commons? 7-Why is Parliament usually known as ‚Westminster‛ ? 8-What are the four fundamental functions of Parliament nowadays? 9-How long is the life of a Parliament? 10-Who is the Prime Minister. of members: Members are called: Presided over by: The main function is: Fill in these two charts of Houses of Parliament HOUSE OF COMMONS No. of members: Members are called: Each member represents: Presided over by: The main function is: . who is the legislature? What does Parliament consist of? 6-Which is the source of real political power in Britain.

UNIVERSITY OF DALAT DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES BRITISH CIVILIZATION . What are some of the reasons for the decline in mortality at most ages? 5. Explain the origin of the name Boxing Day. On what occasion. What is the custom of “first footing”? 11. people would listen to the Queen’s speaking directly to “her “ people on television? 9.2007 1. What are the two typical types of modern holidays? 8. What is the most important change in the labor market in the UK? 6. What do people in Britain usually do for leisure? 17-What are ‚bank holidays‛? Tran Thanh Hung . What do British children often do on Bonfire Night? 16. What are the public holidays throughout the United Kingdom? 7.M. What do people usually do on Halloween? 14. 12.A. Explain the origin of the name St. What are two of the popular sport activities in Britain? 3. Valentine’s Day 15. What is Auld Lang Syne? 10. What is the difference of the May Day in Britain and that in other countries? 13. What are two of the noticeable demographic trends in British population? 4. 2007 . What is special about the family in Britain today? 2.

M.956. 29-The formal name of the United Kingdom is the United Kingdom of Britain and Northern Ireland.The British Isles lies off the north-west coast of mainland Europe and is made up of two countries: The United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland.9 million representing about five per cent of the total British population. 19-Tartan is the name for the traditional musical instrument invented by Scottish people in the old times. 6-Swansea. Sir Benjamin Hall. 18-English Channel separates the land of the British Isles and that of Western Europe. 1 1 TRUE FALSE 2 TRUE FALSE 3 TRUE FALSE 4 TRUE FALSE 5 TRUE FALSE 6 TRUE FALSE 7 TRUE FALSE 8 TRUE FALSE 9 TRUE FALSE 10 TRUE FALSE 11 TRUE FALSE 12 TRUE FALSE 13 TRUE FALSE 14 TRUE FALSE 15 TRUE FALSE 16 TRUE FALSE 17 TRUE FALSE 18 TRUE FALSE 19 TRUE FALSE 20 TRUE FALSE 21 TRUE FALSE 22 TRUE FALSE 23 TRUE FALSE 24 TRUE FALSE 25 TRUE FALSE 26 TRUE FALSE 27 TRUE FALSE 28 TRUE FALSE 29 TRUE FALSE 30 TRUE FALSE . 27. 8-Glassgow is the largest population center in Scotland. 2007 1. 28-Britain consists of four countries. 17-Both English and Scot Gaelic are used officially in Scotland. 14-The two world famous Scottish products are whisky and textiles.Britannia is the Roman name of the United Kingdom. 25– People in Scotland are very proud of their textile industry and whiskies. 4-Britain covers an area of approximately 58.000 sq km. 23-British Parliament is housed at Buckingham Palace. 22-Big Ben is named after a famous English worker in the 18th century. 7-Most of the population and majority of Scotland’s industry is located in the Central Lowlands. it is also a large cosmopolitan city in Europe. Edinburgh and Cardiff are in Scotland. 16-Bristol is the name of a famous ancient city in England. beautiful landscapes and some mines. 15-Big Ben is the great bell in the clock tower on the Four Courts building in Ireland. 10-The current Prince of Wales is Prince Charles. 5-Glassgow. 30-There are approximately 9 million people living in Scotland. 3-Northern Ireland is in Great Britain.UNIVERSITY OF DALAT DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES BRITISH CIVILIZATION . 2-There are five constituent nations which form the United Kingdom. 13-Wales is famous for its sheep farming. 21-The huge stones which were used to construct Stonehenge were thought to be transported from Wales. 24-The Principality or Wales is the smallest nation in Great Britain and it also has the lowest population density. 26-Hadrian’s Wall was built to prevent the Romans from invading Scotland in the old times. is also located in The Principality. 9-Lock Ness is in Wales.2007 Tran Thanh Hung .A. 11-Snowdon is the highest point in England and Wales. 20-Stonehenge is famous because of its mysteries. Another famous lake. 12-The total population of Wales is estimated at more than 2. Belfast and Dublin are in Britain. Bala Lake.

In fact. The origin of the word 'Great' is a reference to size. So what is the difference between the names 'Great Britain' and 'the United Kingdom' . although the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man are not. it does not include ____________. the whole of Ireland (Northern and Southern). Northern Ireland and England are all _______. But it is important to remember that Southern Ireland . strictly speaking. because in many European languages the words for Britain and Brittany in France are the same. ___________________ This is the geographical name that refers to all the islands off the north west coast of the European continent: Great Britain. Great Britain or the British Isles in general. Several islands off the British coast are also part of the United Kingdom (for example. all these islands do recognize the Queen.and what about 'the British Isles'? The United Kingdom This is an abbreviation of __________________________. Wales. It is often further abbreviated to 'UK'. However.8 million in Wales and 1.that is the _________________ (also called 'Eire') . 'British' refers to people from the UK. or the 'UK'. ____________.BRITISH CIVILIZATION . the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.is completely independent. the 2. it was the French who first talked about Grande Bretagne! In everyday speech 'Britain' is used to mean the United Kingdom. Great Britain This is the name of the island which is made up of ____________. So you can see that 'The United Kingdom' is the correct name to use if you are referring to the country in a political. __________ and ____________ and so. rather than in a geographical way. ___________ and England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland English Welsh Irish Scottish British England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland The British Isles Republic of Ireland Great Britain Britain _______________ (sometimes known as Ulster). .2007 Feedback Test One 2 Complete the article with words given in the boxes Why British not English? Many foreigners say 'England' and 'English' when they mean 'Britain'.5 million in Northern Ireland who are certainly not English. This is very annoying for the 5 million people who live in Scotland. (46 million people live in England. the Isle of Wight. the people from Scotland.) However. Hebrides and Shetlands. the Orkneys. and 'British'. and the Isles of Scilly). and is the political name of the country which is made up of ____________.

all these things are still remaining at present. 27-In Victorian time. 24-The cultural differences between Anglo-Saxons and Vikings were comparatively small. 15-The Normans under the leadership of William the Conqueror seized Britain from Northern France.A. 3-In 1066. 25-King Henry VIII used Parliament to pass laws which swept away the power of the Protestant Church in England. 23-Britain expanded its colonization to almost all parts of the world under the reign of Queen Victoria. which belong to the land of Scotland today and introduced the early form of agriculture. 10-The Romans left behind: their network of roads. they subdued and absorbed the inhabitants of the islands with their iron weapons and two wheel horse-drawn chariots. 5-When the Celts overran the British Isles. The date is remembered for being the last time that England was successfully invaded. 22-Oliver Cromwell accepted Parliament’s invitation to become king of England. 11-The Romans also introduced to the inhabitants of the British Isles their language which then developed into the modern Roman family of languages. 16-The birth of English class system was in the time of the Norman invasions. the British came to see themselves as having a duty to spread this culture and civilization around the world. known as William the Conqueror. 1066 when an invading army from Normandy defeated the English. 4-The first Roman tribes streamed to Britain around 8000 BC. Scotland of today. 13. and which became the present-day English.The Anglo-Saxons had a great effect on the countryside. They led roughly the same way of life and spoke two varieties of the same Germanic tongue. southern England. 26-Hundreds of thousands of people moved from rural areas into new towns and cities during the time of Industrial Revolution. 7-The first Roman arrival in Britain was under the war leader Julius Caesar. 18-Some of the upper-classed people among Anglo-Saxon communities were offered the ownership of land and became so wealthy and powerful later.2007 Tran Thanh Hung .UNIVERSITY OF DALAT DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES BRITISH CIVILIZATION . situated near Avebury in Wiltshire. 20-The most famous date in English history is the 14th October. occupying well over half of its geographical area. 1 1 TRUE FALSE 2 TRUE FALSE 3 TRUE FALSE 4 TRUE FALSE 5 TRUE FALSE 6 TRUE FALSE 7 TRUE FALSE 8 TRUE FALSE 9 TRUE FALSE 10 TRUE FALSE 11 TRUE FALSE 12 TRUE FALSE 13 TRUE FALSE 14 TRUE FALSE 15 TRUE FALSE 16 TRUE FALSE 17 TRUE FALSE 18 TRUE FALSE 19 TRUE FALSE 20 TRUE FALSE 21 TRUE FALSE 22 TRUE FALSE 23 TRUE FALSE 24 TRUE FALSE 25 TRUE FALSE 26 TRUE FALSE 27 TRUE FALSE . 2007 1-England is the largest country of the United Kingdom. 6-Stonehenge is a huge artificial mound. 2-The year 1066 is a key date for England – an event all English school children are taught – the last successful invasion of the country. sites of several important cities and the initial ideas about Christianity. 9-The first bases of the Roman were built in Glasgow. where they introduced new farming methods and founded thousands of self-sufficient villages which formed the basis of English society for the next thousand years. the Angles and the Saxons.M. 19-Most of the peasants during the Medieval Period spoke English because they were originally Anglo-Saxons. 21-The Wars of the Roses was the war between the monarchy and the parliamentary supporters. Duke William of Normandy defeated the English at the Battle of Hastings and became King William I. 8-The Celt constructed their bases in northern parts of the British Isles. 17-The barons were originally the French soldiers. 14-The Vikings who followed the Anglo-Saxons and controlled the southern parts of Britain were the first people to introduce the self-sufficient villages. 12-The Anglo-Saxon force was formed by the two tribes from Scandinavian mainland.

were soon destroyed or fell into disrepair. the chief significance of this period is its sense of mysteries. 2The Norman soldiers who had been part of the invading army were given the ownership of land-and of the people living on it. 12- Ways of enjoying life were introduced. They carried an oval shield and their armies often made use of light chariots. 6- The word “parliament” which comes from the French word ‚parler‛ (to speak) was first used in England to describe an assembly of nobles called together by the king. running across the open country. 9- The successful invasion of England by William the Conqueror brought Britain into the mainstream of western Europe. baths. 3Most of the Roman villas.Feedback Test Two BRITISH CIVILIZATION . It refers to settlers from the German regions of Angle and Saxony. The Roman Period The Iron Age The Period of Germanic Invasions The Medieval Period 4 For people in Britain today. 8- The great Hadrian’s Wall was constructed. and people started thinking of feasts and horsemanship. came from Scandinavia. . including Londonium (London). the Celts used the sword and the spear. and the cities they founded. 11- In war. 10- The term Anglo-Saxon is a relatively modern one. 5The Vikings. who made their way over to Britain after the fall of the Roman Empire around AD 410.2007 2 Match the event and the appropriate period 1- The Anglo-Saxon advance was temporarily halted by an army of the Celtic Britons under the command of the legendary King Arthur. also known as Norsemen or Danes. 7- The round houses and an early form of agriculture were introduced to the inhabitants of the British Isles. temples and their impressive network of roads.

14-Prince William of Orange became king of England when he defeated the Normans in the “Glorious Revolution”.Britain expanded its colonization to almost all parts of the world under the reign of Queen Victoria.2007 Tran Thanh Hung . 9-The most famous date in English history is the 14th October. and the tertiary stage which is indeed “further” stage at university or college. the secondary which is for children at around the age of eleven or twelve. either directly or via local education authorities are called public schools. most pupils take their ___________________________. most pupils in Britain are required to take a national exam called GCSE. _________. 1 TRUE FALSE 2 TRUE FALSE 3 TRUE FALSE 4 TRUE FALSE 5 TRUE FALSE 6 TRUE FALSE 7 TRUE FALSE 8 TRUE FALSE 9 TRUE FALSE 10 TRUE FALSE 11 TRUE FALSE 12 TRUE FALSE 13 TRUE FALSE 14 TRUE FALSE 15 TRUE FALSE COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS 1-In Britain. 8-Oxbridge includes ___________ and __________________ 9-The program to encourage unemployed people to receive opportunity to improve their skills and contribute to society is ___________________________ 10-Britian is an active member of a number ________________ _________ which promote international co-operation in education and training. The date is remembered for being the last time that England was successfully invaded. 2007 1-In British educational system. the monarchy soldiers. 12-The cultural differences between Anglo-Saxons and Vikings were comparatively small. 7– The sixth form college normally offers courses for students who are not eligible to enter a university. 3-The private schools are often referred to as ____________ 4-The recently introduced National Curriculum has made it compulsory for three core subjects. 13. .M. 10-Oliver Cromwell accepted Parliament’s invitation to become king of England. staring at the beginning of September. 2-The vast majority of pupils attend ______. 4-At the end of their secondary schooling. and _______________ 5-Passage from one academic year to the next is __________ 6-Usually from 14 to 16 years of age. it is compulsory for everyone between the ages of _________ and _______ years to receive some officially recognized form of schooling. 1066 when an invading army from Normandy defeated the English. 6-General National Vocational Qualification consists of courses and exams in job-related subjects. 8-People around the age of eighteen who wish to go on to higher education may take A levels. 11. 7-The entrance requirement to the universities in Britain is the ________course. in individual subjects.A. 3-Education in Britain is compulsory for the most years and the school year is the longest among the European countries. 2-Schools funded by the government. which are absolutely free.UNIVERSITY OF DALAT DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES BRITISH CIVILIZATION . in the Civil War. They led roughly the same way of life and spoke two varieties of the same Germanic tongue. there are three stages including the primary.Hundreds of thousands of people moved from rural areas into new towns and cities during the time of Industrial Revolution. assessed on the basis of a mixture of course work and a written examination. 15-The parliamentary forces defeated the royalists “Cavaliers”. 5-British schools usually divide their year into three terms.__________.

15-Cardiff is the capital city of _________. 10-The Romans left there things behind when they were driven away from the British Isles: _________________________.UNIVERSITY OF DALAT DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES BRITISH CIVILIZATION .A. a number of tribes from the ___________________________ mainland invaded and settled in large numbers. Queen Elizabeth I 6. his or her _________ and all the _________. Duke William of Normandy 3. the power of the English monarch _________ while the strength of the great barons _________. 6-Parliament is known as _________ because it is housed there while the Government is normally referred to as _________ 7-The Executive includes _________. 3-The constituent nations of Great Britain are ________________. and _______________________ 11-During the 5th century. King Arthur 2.2007 TASK ONE: Tran Thanh Hung . the chief significance of the prehistoric period is its _________ of _________ 9-The most famous site of ancient historic values in Britain today is the _________. Queen Victoria Periods The Germanic invasions Known as Leader of the Celts. ________________ and ________________.M. fighting against the Anglo-Saxons . COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING TABLE Famous names 1. Oliver Cromwell 5. 8-For people in Britain today. 12-During the time of Tudor England. 13-The reign of the daughter of Henry VIII is known as the “__________________” 14-The transforming from hand work at home to machine work in factories at the beginning of the 18th century in Britain is the ______________________ . the two most well-known of these tribes were the ________ and ___________which later formed the Anglo-Saxon forces. _________ . TASK TWO: No. 4-The nation of highest population density in the British Isles is _________ and the nation of lowest population density in Great Britain is _________ 5-The Parliament is the supreme legislative authority and consists of three separate elements: _________ . ______________________. 2007 COMPLETE THE STATEMENTS BELOW 1-The British Isles comprises of ________________ and ________________ 2-Britain can be referred to as The ___________________________ or The ________________ in short. which is sometimes referred to as The Principality. the medieval period came to a close. King Henry VIII 4. and the elected _________.

TASK FOUR: CROSS OUT THE INCORRECT STATEMENTS 1-In the United Kingdom. British universities can be divided into several categories. Father’s Day. 6- Some people hold costume parties on this occasion. outside churches and in many homes. what they should be taught and what standards they should achieve.” 9– There are two popular events associated with this day. Christmas. April Fools’ Day. decorated with colored lights and with a large star or an angle at the top. 3- It is traditional for people to play tricks or practical jokes on each other on this day. The term Oxbridge is used to refer to both schools as a single entity. 4-GCE A levels are the main academic qualification for entry to higher education and are normally taken by pupils at age 18 or over. This ten minute television broadcast is normally the only time in the year when the monarch speaks directly to “her” people on television. The other is the pancake race. Remembrance Sunday. One of them is the pancake tossing contest.2007 TASK THREE: MATCH THE STATEMENT WITH ITS EQUIVALENT HOLIDAY. ghosts. both founded in the Middle Ages. 8-After the compulsory education. children can enter their desired universities without having to take any supporting courses or required tests. 8- On this occasion. Shrove Tuesday.) 7- On this occasion. Guy Fawkes’ Day (Bonfire Night). 2It was the day on which landowners and householders would present their tenants and servants with gifts (in boxes). 2-All state schools in England. 5Second Sunday in November. Easter Monday. 5-The majority of pupils-over 90 percent-go to publicly funded schools. Spring Bank Holiday. are placed in town squares. The foremost universities are the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge. May Day. Boxing Day. New Year’s Day. 10-There are usually three to seven core subject in the National Curricula that British schools are required to conform to. Late Summer Bank Holiday. some children make a “guy” out of old clothes stuffed with newspaper and place this somewhere on the street to ask passers-by for “a penny for the guy. Contestants have to run while continuously tossing a pancake. usually known as state schools. people dress up as witches. St. full-time education is compulsory up to the middle teenage years and the academic year begins at the beginning of September. . Mother’s Day. etc. These set out what subjects pupils should study. commemorating the dead of both World Wars and of more recent conflicts. usually spruces or fir trees. Wales and Northern Ireland must conform to the National Curricula. Good Friday. 9-Britain has more than 90 universities.Feedback Test Four BRITISH CIVILIZATION . 4The first Monday in May. 2 1- People often send their lovers flowers. 3-GCSEs provide a path into both education and employment. (In these parties. chocolates and greeting cards on this occasion. Valentine’s Day. 10- People can listen to the Queen’s message. In Britain this day is associated more with ancient folklore than with the workers. 7-Britain is an active member of a number of multinational organizations which promote international co-operation in education and training. Anyone who drops his or her pancake is disqualified. 6-Parents have a legal duty to ensure that their children obtain education between their 5th and 16th birthdays. They are broadly based vocational qualifications incorporating the skills required by Employers. trees. Halloween.

19-Henry VIII is one of the most well-known monarchs in English history. probably built between 3000 – 2300 B. which is sometimes referred to as The Principality. usually known as state schools. 17-The Anglo-Saxons had little use for towns and cities. students in the United Kingdom take Advanced Level examinations.  .3 million. Wales and Northern Ireland. Wales and Northern Ireland. 3-Cardiff is the capital city of (3) _________. The highest density is in the Central Lowlands. The date is remembered for being the last time that England was successfully invaded. 49. common law and conventions. which are collectively known as The British Isles. 10-Unlike the constitutions of most other countries in Europe..UNIVERSITY OF DALAT DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES BRITISH CIVILIZATION Bình Thuaän. 5-In Britain. 9-More than 90 universities in Britain can be divided into several categories. 4-Great Britain is the largest island of the British Isles.K all refer to the same nation. Watching television is by far the most popular leisure pastime. making Scotland the most sparsely populated of the major United Kingdom administrative divisions. Instead British Constitution is made of statue law. there are two large islands and several much smaller ones. commonly known as “A” Levels. the 17th largest in the world. The population density is about 64 persons per sq km (166 per sq mi). chiefly because he took six wives during his life. and Scottish Vocational Qualifications in Scotland. 2-Great Britain. and the lowest is in the Highlands. 14-Britain has a population of about 59 million people. 16-The most common leisure activities among people in Britain are home-based. PART TWO: Fill in the blank 30 points 1-The transforming from hand work at home to machine work in factories at the beginning of the 18th century in Britain is the (1)______________________ . 18-14 October 1066 is the most famous date in British history when an invading army from Normandy defeated the English at the Battle of Hastings. which is believed to be a sort of astronomical clock used to mark the passing of seasons. 4-Glasgow and Edinburgh are two big cities in (4)__________ . 3-The United Kingdom comprises four constituent countries including respectively Scotland. 20-The population of Scotland (2003 estimate) is 5. The United Kingdom or The U.go to publicly funded schools. it is a legal duty for parents to ensure that their children obtain education between their 5th and 16th birthdays. 12-General elections in Britain must be held at least three years but the Prime Minister has the right to call elections before the term has expired. The great majority. that of Britain is not set out in any single document.400. 8-At the age of 16. 13-One of the most significant changes in the age structure of Britain’s population over the last 30 years has been the increasing proportion of people over the retirement age. But they had a great effect on the countryside.over 90 percent . 7-The majority of British pupils . Scotland has just over 5 million people.057.9 million and 15-Britain has a lower proportion of the adult population in work than any other large European country. where they introduced new farming methods and founded thousands of self-sufficient villages . 11-There are three elements that make up the Westminster Parliament: the Queen. 2007 Duration: 90 minutes Students write the answers into the ANSWER SHEET PART ONE: True/ False Questions 20 points 1-Lying off the north-west coast of Europe. Wales 2. of which the foremost is Oxbridge the term used to refer to the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge as a single entity. or social. 6-The British individual’s ability to meet the skills’ standards required at work is certified by competence-based qualifications: National Vocational Qualifications in England. prior to leaving school. where nearly three-quarters of all Scots live. live in England. the House of Lords and the elected House of Commons. England. such as visiting relatives or friends.C. 2-One of the most famous and mysterious archeological sites in the world is (2) _________________.

Mathematics. PART THREE: Complete the chart below 10 points The three bodies that have the power to carry our the constitutional laws: 1. 7.5-The monarch who herself became a symbol of Britain’s success in the world is Queen (5)____________. and Science (and seven other foundational subjects) mandatory curricula for all primary and secondary pupils. 10-The most popular alcoholic drink in British pubs is (15) _________________. 6. (13) ______. The four Parliament’s functions today: 3. House of Commons number of members The Judiciary To debate or discuss important political issues House of Lords 5members are called members are called 6- presided over by 7- the main function is 8- presided over by PART FOUR: Give brief answers to the following questions 10 points 1-What is the difference between Britain and Great Britain? 2-What is the difference in usage between the words “British” and “English”? 3-What was the Magna Carta? 4-What is GCSE? 5-Why is Big Ben so called? THE END 9- 10- . and (14) _________________. (She reigned from 1837 to 1901). 9-The constituent nations of Great Britain are (12) __________.The Roman withdrew from Britain in 430 AD leaving behind three things of notable importance: sites of important (6) _________________.The British Constitution contains two main principles. The three elements that make up the Parliament: 2. The Legislature The House of Lords To raise enough money through taxation The House of Commons 4. and a network of (8) _________. which are (9) _________________ and (10) ___________. (7) _________________. the seeds of 8-The (11) _________________ _____ is a recently introduced structure of education making such core subjects as English.

2007 Student’s full name: ___________________________________________________________ ID number: ___________________________________________________________ Class: ___________________________________________________________ ————————————————————— Scores: Marker’s Signature / 70 points PART TWO: Fill in the blank 30 points PART ONE: True/ False Questions 20 points 1 TRUE FALSE 2 TRUE FALSE 3 TRUE FALSE 4 TRUE FALSE 5 TRUE FALSE 6 TRUE FALSE 7 TRUE FALSE 8 TRUE FALSE 9 TRUE FALSE 10 TRUE FALSE 11 TRUE FALSE 12 TRUE FALSE 13 TRUE FALSE 14 TRUE FALSE 15 TRUE FALSE 16 TRUE FALSE 17 TRUE FALSE 18 TRUE FALSE 19 TRUE FALSE 20 TRUE FALSE 1 1- 2 2- 3 3- 4 4- 5 5- 6 678- 7- 910- 8- 11- 9- 121314- 10 15- .UNIVERSITY OF DALAT DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES BRITISH CIVILIZATION ANSWER SHEET Bình Thuaän.

UNIVERSITY OF DALAT DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES ————————————————————— PART THREE: Complete the chart 10 points 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 PART FOUR: Brief answers to the questions 10 points .