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Journal

Ulster

of
Archaeology

Third Series

VOLUME

34

1971

Printed

at Belfast,

Brough,

Northern

Cox & Dunn

Ireland

by

Ltd.

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ULSTER ARCHAEOLOGICAL

SOCIETY

OFFICERS 1971
President:

Professor

E. E. Evans,

M.A.,

D.SC.,

F.S.A., M.R.1.A.

Vice-Presidents:

Professor E. M. Jope
Professor 0. Davies
W. A. Scaby
Hon. Secretary: Mrs Hilary E. Avery
Hon. Activities Secretary: M. Avery
Hon. Treasurer: R. E. Glasscock
Hon. Auditor: R. C. Davidson
Hon. Editor: D. M. Waterman
Editorial Board:

Professor E. E. Evans
B. C. S. Wilson

Professor E. M. Jope
W. A. Seaby

Standing Committee:
Mrs J. Andrews
S. Briggs
Alan Harper

C. Lynn
G. Marsden
A. Warhurst

Annual Subscription, ?2-00

Application
ment

should

be made

of Geography,

should

Queen's

be addressed

of Northern
pondence

should

to the Hon.

Treasurer,

University,

Belfast,

to the Hon.

Ireland,

Editor,

66 Balmoral

be

to non-members,

of Journal

Price

addressed

Dr R. E. Glasscock,
BT7

INN. MS.

D. M. Waterman,
Belfast,

Avenue,
to

?2-50

the Hon.

Depart

for publication

Archaeological
BT9

Secretary

6NY.
and

Survey
corres

Other
Hon.

Activities

Secretary, Department of Archaeology, Queen's University, Belfast.


All

journals

should
N.

now

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sent

on

exchange,

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Belfast,

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Ireland.

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CONTENTS
PAGE
OBITUARY:T. G. F. Paterson

SMITH,A. G., and COLLINS,A. E. P.; The Stratigraphy, Palynology and


Archaeology of Diatomite Deposits at Newferry, Co. Antrim, Northern
Ireland (with plate 1) .
.
.
.
.
.
.
HAWORTH,RICHARD;The Horse Harness of the Irish Early Iron Age

26

in the Vicinity of the


.
.
.

50

WARHURST,CYNTHIA;Excavation of a Rath at Shane's Castle, Co. Antrim


.
.
.
.
.
.
.
(with plates II-IV)

58

Site near Larne, Co. Antrim


.
.
.
.

65

BATESON,J. D.; The Finding of Roman


Giant's Causeway
.
.

WATERMAN,D. M.; A Marshland


(with plates V-VI)
.

Silver Coins
.
.

Habitation
.

REES-JONES,S. G.; A Souterrairn at Sheepland Mor,


.
.
Down (with plates VII-VIIl)

near Chapeltown,
.
.

Co.
.

77

HAMLIN,ANN; Church Sites in Langfield Parish, Co. Tyrone (with plate IX)

79

BOYLE,A.; The List of Abbesses

84

in Conchubranus'

Life of Saint Monenna

SCOTT,B. G.; Applications of Metallographic Examination of Iron Artifacts


.
.
to Irish Archaeology (with plates X-XIII)
.
.

87

SEABY,W. A.; Catalogue of Ulster Tokens,


.
Passes etc. (with plates XIV-XIX)

Checks,
.
.

96

NOTES: Two Axes of the Fake 'Glencar' Class in the County Museum,
Armagh, by J. V. S. Megaw (with plate XX); Four Cross-slabs in County
Down Graveyards, by Richard S. J. Clarke (with plate XXI); Medieval
Stone-carvings from Saul and Downpatrick, by Robert C. Davidson
(with plate XXII); Romanesque Stone-carving from Killyleagh, Co.
Down, by D. M. Waterman (with plate XXIII); Derrygonnelly Church,
.
.
.
.
.
Co. Fermanagh, by D. M. Waterman

107

REVIEWSAND NOTICESOF PUBLICATIONS .

113

Tickets, Vouchers,
.
.

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Ulster Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 34, 1971.

OF ULSTER TOKENS, TICKETS, VOUCHERS,


CHECKS, PASSES etc.

CATALOGUE
(MOSTLY DATING

FROM THE MID-

TO LATE-NINETEENTH

CENTURY

AND

THE EARLY PART OF

CENTURY)
THETWENTIETH

(Senior Research Assistant

byW. A. SEABY
in Numismatics, Ulster Museum, Belfast)

INTRODUCTION
In publishing the following list, which is now
thought to be over fifty per cent complete, certain
qualifications as to admissibility are here set out.

Nor are the present-day bus tokens included.


All these, together with any other similar
transport tokens or metal ferry tickets,
should be the subject of a special article.

(a) No communion tokens are included. A


comprehensive but not quite complete list
for Ireland will be found in A. A. Milne,
Communion Tokens of the Presbyterian
Churches of Ireland (1920).
(b) None of the provisional farthings, issued by
traders all over the country, mostly during
the second quarter of the nineteenth century,
are listed since these have been fully detailed

(g) The very few political or military slap tokens


(U.V.F. and INNISKILLING VI D etc.)
are likewise excluded.

by Dr

G.

C. Drury

in J. Roy.

Soc.

(h) Tokens bearing only names or initialswhich


cannot

that

omitted
by Drury
purposely
of Belfast
used
by Birney

societies

are

listed. Nor

eastern

and
part

given

an

Ulster

as well as certain passes of the Maze Race


some
of which
have
been
already
or by Davis
described
and Waters.
In
by Davis
addition
a number
of workmen's
checks
and
that very many
passes are listed, but it is thought

more are probably still in existence and these too


might be the subject for special treatment at some
later date.

are medals

It is admitted
that the exact purpose
to which
a lot of the pieces were put lies in considerable

or medalets generally included except where


these are specifically trade advertisements.
(d) The small, mostly looped, souvenirs, issued
early this century by theNorthern Publishing
Office

be

century
Course,

- such as
for boot

repairs - which may have served as farthings


are included.
(c) No school awards and medals of merit
awarded by Queen's University or by certain
private

certainty

Included in the catalogue, however, are the


two or threeUlster tokens of the early nineteenth

Antiq.

Ireland, 50 (1920), 46-60; however, a few


tokens

with

provenance have not been placed in the


classified arrangement.

doubt (see W. A. Seaby, Numis. Soc. Ireland


Occasional Papers, No. 8 (1969), 11), so that
guesses as to nomenclature (ticket, pass, check,

in and around
views
the
showing
have also been
of the Province,

etc.) have had

to be made.

Particularly

the division

between true tickets and workers' 'tokens of


convenience' including canteen andmeal vouchers

omitted.
(e) Certain thin discs, thought to be no more
than cork tops from mineral water bottles,
have been disregarded. Those listed by Batty
in his second volume (1877) are: Kirken &
Co., Belfast (No. 3479C); Moore & Co.,
Fountain Street, Belfast (No. 3479B);
McCaul & Campbell, Newry (No. 3479E);
Glasgow, Wheeler & Co., Chemists, Belfast
(No. 3479D).
(f) None of theBelfast City Tramways' workers'
tickets, many made in card or plastic
materials and some specially designed for
Harland &Wolff Ltd, have been catalogued.

and what
seems
at times very
may
be
slight,
as one
considered
be
thing by one person may
looked at in quite another
else.
light by somebody
etc.
have not been tested for alloys,
The metals
to them are those of which
Names
given
super
to be made.
c. 1860
After
ficially
they appear
tokens
bronze mostly
copper and where
replaced
Mint
this would
were struck at the Birmingham
be the case. The majority
almost
of
certainly
are of brass or of an alloy akin
pieces, however,
tokens
to brass. Some of the Co-operative
Society
are of base alloys not always easily
recognisable.
of pieces have their edges milled.
A number

96

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CATALOGUE

OF ULSTER

TOKENS,

TICKETS,

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
The list is substantially
that of the card index kept in
at the Ulster Museum;
the Numismatic
Section
nevertheless many persons have been involved in this
of Angler's
O'Neill
survey. Mr Charles
Corner,
has kindly given permission
to include all
Armagh,
in his own collection
not at Belfast
those examples
to the Msueum;
and has passed on his duplicates
Curator of the Armagh
likewise Mr Roger Weatherup,
County Museum,
has kept the writer supplied with
information of local pieces which are in the collection
to his notice. To Mr
there or which
have come
and now of
Gordon
Rowe,
formerly of Banbridge
is due
a very special debt of gratitude
Cookstown,

ABBREVIATIONS
By using a coding with groups of serial numbers:
= Co. Antrim various, other
AN:B = Belfast; ANV
than Belfast; DN :B = Ballymacarrett
district, Belfast;
DN:V
= Co. Down various; AR:V
Co. Armagh;
= Co. Tyrone; LO :V
TY:V
Co. Londonderry;
= Co. Fermanagh;
FE:V
CA :V=
Co. Cavan;
DL:V = Co. Donegal,
at
etc., it should be possible
some future date to add a supplement
continuing
the
numbering
and subsequently
to make an alphabetical
index to the whole of the listing.
Dates of roughly when a firm came into existence
or may
have adopted
a certain
trade name
(e.g.
'Limited' does not occur before the Act of 1862 set up
the registration of companies
and is not generally
in
use until the 1880s) are taken from various directories,
not individually
listed. They give an approximate
termintus post quem for issue. A somewhat wider date
= (1851
bracket
is given by the formula C.XIX.3
= (1876-1925).
1875) or C.XIX.4/XX.1
Sizes are inmillimetres
to the nearest 0.5 mm., and
all pieces are circular with blank reverses or having no

VOUCHERS,

CHECKS,

PASSES,

ETC.

97

for making
a detailed
investigation
of mill and co
operative
tokens in the regions of Belfast,
central
Down and north Tyrone, and for the gift of a number
of examples. Dr T. S. Agnew, Mr Michael Dolley and
other members
of the Numismatic
Society of Ireland
have added specimens to the collection or new data to
make the card index at the Ulster Museum
as complete
as possible. Finally it should be mentioned
that Mr A.
Gunstone,
Keeper of the Department
of Archaeology
at the City of Birmingham Museum
and Art Gallery,
has supplied
the writer with
information
as to the
ordering of certain groups of tokens from Heaton's
Mint. Mr J. Kavanagh
of Smithfield
and Mr L.
of the Dublin Road have also supplied
the
Kaitcer
Museum
with tokens and tickets from time to time.

NOTES

AND

more than a circle or wreath unless otherwise indicated.


and Waters,
Seaby, etc., refer to the
Davis, Davis
is not at
If an example
listed above.
main works
at the Ulster Museum
(UM)
present in the collection
is given. Where
collection
the name of another
only pieces not already
photographs
are obtainable,
illustrated inW. A. Seaby, 'Employers' Truck Tickets
issued in Ulster, etc', Naimis. Soc.
and Food Vouchers
in the
(1969) are shown
Ireland Occasiontal Papers
this text. Numbers
after 'Seaby'
plates accompanying
refer to illustration numbers except where prefaced by
'p' indicating page references.
The word 'canteen', now in general usage for dining
to
and mess
seems to have been confined
rooms,
before the 1914-18 war, and
military
establishments
where a designation
is given on the earlier tokens and
tickets employed,
for the exchange of food, it is usual
to find 'dining room(s)' or occasionally
'refreshment
these tokens, and their
bar'. In order to standardise
the term 'canteen voucher' has
different applications
in the text.
been generally adopted

CATALOGUE
AN

:BI

AN

:B2

AN

:B3

Ltd,
128
Society
Co-operative
Belfast
Shankill Rd (c. 1894) later Agnes St and
first issued in 1904;
St. Tokens
York
1957. Rev. as obverse. Value
discontinued
4/-, bronze, 26 mm. Credit check or token.
Made by G. Y. Iliffe, Birming
C.XX.1/2.
ham (UM). (PL. XVI, 16).
but value 3/-, bronze, oval,
As for AN:B1
31 x 22 mm. (UM). (PL. XVI, 17).
but made by Leonard,
Var.a. As AN:B2
(UM).
Birmingham
As
for AN :B1 but value
2/-, bronze,
19 mm. (C. O'Neill).
but made
by
for AN:B3
Vear.a. As
(UM). (PL. XVI,
Birmingham
Vaughtons,
18).
by
for AN :B3 but made
Var.b. As
(C. O'Neill).
Leonard, Birmingham

AN:B4

AN:B5

AN

:B6

As for AN:BI
but value 1/-, brass, oval,
25.5 x 19.5 mm. One side G. Y. Iliffe,
Birmingham,
the other Leonard, Birming
ham, the two dies forming a mule (UM).
(PL. XVI, 19).
for AN:B3
Var.a.,
but for
Var.a. As
value and size 25 x 19 mm. (UM).
As
for AN:B1
but value
6d., brass,
octagonal,
28 mm. Made
by Vaughtons,
Birmingham
(UM).
Var.a. As for AN :B4 but for value, shape
and
size which
is as AN:B5
(UlM).
(PL. XVI, 20).
As
for AN :BI but value
3d., brass,
24.5 mm. Made by Vaughtons,
octagonal,
Birmingham
(UM). (PL. XVI, 21).
Var.a. As for AN :B4 but for value, shape
and size which is as AN:B6
(UM).

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W. A.

98
AN:B7

As for AN:B1 but value ld., brass,


name given
circular, 21 mm. No maker's
(UM). (PL. XVI, 23).
but octagonal
Var.a. As for AN:B7
(UM).
(PL. XVI, 24).
Var.b. As for AN:B7
Var.a but 22 mm.
Made by W. Leonard, Birmingham
(UM).
(PL. XVI, 25).

AN

:B8

As for AN :B but value id., zinc, 23 mm.


No maker's name given (UM). (PL. XVI,

27).

AN:B9

Var.a. As for AN:BS


but tinned zinc(?),
22.5 mm. Made by Leonard, Birmingham
(UM). (PL. XVI, 26).
As for AN:BI
but a Canteen Voucher,
value ld. Rev. blank. Aluminium,
26 mm.
No maker's name (UM). (PL. XVI, 22).
Note:
The probability
is that a number
more varieties of the Co-op
tokens exist
than have been set out here. In a letter
of 8 June 1964, Mr James G. McCay,
Deputy General Manager
of the Belfast
Co-op,
stated that the tokens were dis
in 1957 owing to changes in the
continued
Society's
trading methods
over the years.
Originally, when the Society's business was
more or less confined to the grocery trade,
with
arrangements
were made
certain
outside private traders to supply goods to
members against tokens purchased
in their
local grocery branch. These
tokens were
redeemed
for cash by the
periodically
Society, the trader allowing discount to the
Society which enabled
the normal rate of
dividend to be paid to members. Butchers,
drapers, chemists,
and
doctors,
dentists
entered into arrangements
with
midwives
the Society.
of tokens
in
The number
circulation
ranged from ?4,700 to ?5,000
and the value of tokens redeemed in a year
could have amounted
to ?40,000. As the
Co-op developed,
tokens became a form
of credit sanction for the purchase of goods
on credit in various
where
departments
members may not have operated a credit
account. The member purchased the tokens
on credit in her local grocery branch where
she was known, and she then used these
tokens in the drapery department,
or for
the payment
of her milk
and bread
When
the
tokens
became
accounts.
obsolete
in to Blairs, a
they were handed
local firm of brass founders, for smelting
down. As it was thought even then that
the tokens might
be of interest to the
Museum
as part of the social history of
Belfast, three sets were preserved and two
of these were sent to the writer by Mr
McCay
together with a list of traders who
in 1911 were
prepared
to accept
the
tokens as payment for goods sold or work

done.

SEABY
AN :1310 Belfast Working Men's Co-operative
Society Ltd. Value 1/-, tin, bracteate form,
or discount
check.
23.5 mm.
Credit
C.XX.1(?)
(UM). (PL. XVII, 9).
but value
half sovereign,
AN3:B10A As AN:810
brass bracteate, 18 mm. (PL. XVII, 12).
Ormeau
Belfast Corporation
Gas Works,
AN:811
Road
(from 1874). Rev. wreath.
Brass,
31.5 mm.
Inspector's
(?) pass, No.
24
(C. O'Neill).
pierced.
C.XIX.4/XX.1
(PL. XIX, 20).
St. (Infor
AN3:B12
Belfast Fire Police, Chichester
of fires to be given to officer in
mation
charge of the Police Offices there - 1877
28 x 24 mm.
directory).
Lead, oblong,
(UM).
Szauer,
Identity
pass. C.XIX.4
164a. (PL. XIV, 11).
St. Boots and
Edward
Birney, 71 North
AN:B1I3
Shoes, repairing department
(from c. 1865).
Rev. Inscription
continued.
Farthing(?),
discount
bronze,
21 mm. Advertisement
token, dated 1885 (UlM). (PL. XV, 3).
Stephen Cotton
&
AN:B14
Brookfield
Foundry,
iron
Co., Sydney St W. Machine makers,
and brass founders (from c. 1868). Brass,
checks,
32 mm. Workmen's
attendance
86 and 111. C.XIX.4/XX.1
(UM).
Nos.
(PL. XIX, 17).
AN:B15
Cantrell
& Cochrane,
1, 3, 5 Cromac
Building, Victoria
Square. Mineral Water
manufacturers
(from c. 1890). Rev. Arms
33 mm. Advert
of Belfast. Aluminium,
of
isement medal
struck on occasion
1902 (UM).
Edward
VII's
coronation
(PL. XV, 7).
St and
AN:816
Corner House
(Six), 22 Fountain
I Fountain
Lane. General
drapers (from
24 mm.
c. 1941). Rev. Value
Id. Bronze,
Advertisement
discount
token? C.XX.2
(C. O'Neill).
(PL. XVIII, 4).
AN:817
'Culley's.' R. P. Culley & Co. (?), 134-8
Avenue.
Brewers'
agents
University
(as
recorded in 1921 directory). Rev. Value ld.
Brass, 20 mm. Canteen voucher. C.XX.l/2
(C. P. C. Parish).
Ross
Street Mills.
AN :B18
Bros. The
Durham
& Tweed
Co.,
Belfast Wool
Spinning
7 Albert
St (from
Durham
Street Mill,
c. 1890). Rev. as obverse. Brass, 32 mm.
check, No.
the
Workman's
119, with
initials R.B. pricked out on the
owner's
other side (UM).
AN1:B19
John Erskine, 92 and 94 (later 84 and 86)
St. Hat and cap manufacturer
and
North
c. 1887-92).
Imitation
importer
(from
spade guinea, the reverse bearing inscrip
tion and crowned
Royal Arms.
Brass,
25 mm. Advertisement
counter. C.XIX.4
(UM). Dolley,
170-171. (PL. XV, 12).
AN:B20
William
Ewart & Son Ltd, 7-17 Bedford
St. Hemp
linen manufacturcrs
spinners,
and bleachers
(from c. 1884). ld., bronze,

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CATALOGUE

AN:B21

AN:B22

AN

:B23

AN::B24

AN

:B25

AN

:B26

AN:B27

AN:B28

AN:B29
AN

:B30

OF ULSTER

TOKENS,

TICKETS,

24.5 mm. Canteen voucher, a date c. 1906


may have been erased in die. (F. Heaney).
As AN:B20
except for size and clearly
dated 1907. Id., bronze, 30.5 mm. (UM).
Seaby, 42; P. J. Seaby, 7.
but made
of brass.
Var.a. As AN:B21
Some adapted with numbers
on reverse
as workmen's
checks, No.
4187 (UM);
No. 2029 (C. O'Neill).
(PL. XIX, 9).
As AN:B20
but with value Id. and dated
190- (last figure erased). Pierced through
Rev.
centre.
CRM
room?)
(canteen
stamped (UM). (PL. XIX, 5).
Falls Foundry. Combe, Barbour & Combe,
St North. Machine makers,
iron
Howard
and brass founders
(from c. 1849). Rev.
33 mm. Workmen's
as obverse. Brass,
1892 (stamped
both
sides)
check, No.
(UM). (PL. XIX, 13).
C.XIX.4/XXI-3
Gallaher
Ltd, 132-148 York St. Tobacco
(from c. 1905 under this
manufacturers
name). Rev. as obverse. ld., brass, 31.5 mm.
Rooms
or Canteen
voucher.
Dining
(PL. XVIII,
15).
C.XX.1
(C. O'Neill).
A. Gass, 9Wellesley
Avenue. Machinist(?)
Brass, 42 mm.
Identity pass,
(c. 1892+).
name
(UM).
stamped.
C.XIX.4/XX.1
8).
Szauer, 166a. (PL. XVIII,
Great Northern
Railway,
Ireland, Ter
Great Victoria
St (from 1876).
minus,
Rev. inscribed: Major F. A. Pope. Gold,
in form of Celtic cross with enamelled
red hand in centre, loop and ring, 24 mm.
Free Pass No.
32. C.XX.2/3
Chairman's
Col
(Ulster Folk Museum:
Transport
lection). (PL. XVIII, 17).
Note: Major Pope, who was first Chairman
of the Ulster Transport
held
Authority,
this medallion
pass from the old Great
Northern
Railway Co. of Ireland. On the
to the
death
it was
Major's
returned
who presented
it to the Belfast
Authority
in 1964.
Transport Museum
133 Shankill Rd. Spirit dealer
J. Hannan,
(from c. 1858 to 1878). Victorian
1/-,
to slap
1846, silver, 24 mm. Converted
dated 19th
token and engraved memorial
(UM). (PL. XV, 14).
Jany 1878. C.XIX.2-4
133 Shankill Rd. Spirit
J.H. (J. Hannan),
dealer (from c. 1858 to 1878). Id., brass,
22.5 mm. Gaming counter, originally with
head of Victoria
(erased) on obverse and
Austrian
imperial eagle bearing shield of
into slap token
arms on reverse, made
initials and value within
with
issuer's
(PL. XV,
linear circle. C.XIX.3
(UM).
16).
but for value
(UM).
As AN:B28
id.
(PL. XV, 15).
St. Wine and Spirit
John Hoy, 48 Waring
of Waring
Merchant
St Stores (opened
c. 1848). Brass, 31.5 mm. Advertisement

VOUCHERS,

AN:B31

AN:832

AN::B33

AN:B34

AN:B35

AN:B36

AN::B37

AN:B38

CHECKS,

PASSES,

ETC.

99

check with
long inscription
both sides.
1 (1868), 63, No.
C.XIX.2
(UM). Batty,
872. (PL. XV, 9).
James Inglis & Co. Ltd, 30 and 32 Castle
St and 33, 35 and 37 Eliza St. Bakers and
Flour Merchants
(from c. 1885). Brass,
34.5 mm. Bread Server's Check or Pass,
No.
66
(unpierced).
C.XIX.4
(UM).
(PL. XVII, 18).
Inglis & Co. Ltd, 30 and 32 Castle St and
33 and 35 Eliza St. Baker and Confectioner
(under this name by 1905). 6d., brass,
32 mm.
Bread
Ticket.
C.XIX.4/XX.1
(M. Callaghan).
(PL. XVII, 17).
Note:
Mrs
McGill,
grandmother
of
Michael
Callaghan,
the owner,
is said to
have used this token or ticket. It was given
to her in her pay packet when she was a
mill girl (either at the Springfield
Rd or
Falls Flax Spinning Mills).
P J & S (Philip
& Son?),
Johnston
Grocers and Tea Merchants,
32 Donegall
St (c. 1868); Jennymount Mills, N. Derby
St, Flax-Spinners
(c. 1880). Brass, 31.5 mm.
This slap token may have served as a
canteen voucher
for a penny. C.XIX.4/
(UM). (PL. XVIII, 16).
XX.I
J. Keys, Belfast.
1/-, brass, 27 mm. Slap
token. C.XIX.4/XX.l.
(UM). Szauer 165a.
(PL. XV, 13).
Note:
This is probably
for James Keys,
commission
agent and produce
broker,
117A Victoria
St (c. 1890-1905 +),
but
several other 'J. Keys' are to be found in
late nineteenth
century directories.
The London & Newcastle
Tea Co. (J. A.
Game), North
St (1876). Rev. Inscription
continued.
i lb. tea check, brass, 22 mm.
Made
by Ardill,
Leeds. C.XIX.4
(UM).
(PL. XVII, 22).
but j lb. tea check (UM).
As AN:B35
(PL. XVII, 21).
Note: No.
It North Street; London
and
Counties
Tea Co.
(1877).
Same, with
S. Cheetham,
manager
(1884).
This
address vacant (1892).
6 Donegall
[John H.] McCartney,
Place.
Rev. Jeweller and Watch
Maker
(from
c. 1849). Brass, 24.5 mm. Advertisement
check, perhaps of the value of a farthing.
C.XIX.2/3
(UM). (PL. XV, 5).
Rev. Heads of Victoria
Obv. As AN:B37.
and Albert
left. Gilt
conjoined
brass,
24.5 mm. Advertisement
medalet
issued
1849
for the Royal visit to Belfast, August
(UM). (PL. XV, 4).
Var.a. As AN :B38 but in white metal

(UM).
AN

:B39

6 Donegall
Place. Optician,
Macartney,
maker.
Rev. The
and watch
jeweller
1851. White
Crystal
Palace,
London,
medal
like
30 mm. Advertisement
metal,

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100

AN

:B40

AN:B41

AN:B42
AN

:B43

AN:B44

AN

:B45

AN:B46

AN:B47

WV A. SEABY
AN :B52, struck by Heaton,
Birmingham
(C. P. C. Parish).
Note:
J. H. Macartney,
whose
residence
in 1852 directory
is given as I Pakenham
at 6
Place, occupied
business
premises
1849 and 1853
Donegall
Place between
when he sold out to James Neill, watch
maker, jeweller and optician, and went to
He advertised
America.
extensively
and
besides watches andjewellery
kept Sheffield
ware as well as a wide
and electro-plated
variety of fancy goods.
James Mackie & Sons Ltd, Albert Foundry,
Albert St. Machine makers,
iron and brass
founders (under this name from c. 1894).
Brass, 34-34.5 mm. Workmen's
attendance
checks stamped on reverse with Nos. 3547
and 8016 (first one pierced).
C.XIX.4'
XX.1-3
(UM). (PL. XIX, 15).
Note: Mr J. Mackie
the writer
informs
that this system of checking at the foundry
is still in use although
the card punching
system was in operation during the 1939
45 war. J. Mackie, Albert Street Machine
Works,
Albert Crescent,
is found in the
1870 directory.
Robert McBride
& Co., Ltd, Alfred
St.
Linen,
handkerchief
and
embroidery
manufacturers
linen and cotton
(1905),
manufacturers
(1909). 2d., brass, 37.5 mm.
voucher. C.XlX.4/XX.l
Canteen
(UM).
(PL. XVIII, 9).
As
for AN:B41
but value
Id., brass,
30.5 mm. Seaby, 41.
As
for AN :B41 but value id.,
brass,
26 mm. (PL. XVIII, 6).
John G. McGee
& Co., Panteclhnetheca,
46 and 48 High St, Clothiers
and Hatters
(at this address from at least 1849). Rev.
A top hat giving six prices. Gilt brass,
32 mm. Advertisement
check or medal.
C.XIX.2/3
(UM). (PL. XV, 6).
John G. McGee & Co. (same address and
business). Rev. Conjoined
busts of Victoria
and Albert
40 mm.
left. White
metal,
Advertisement
medal presented to patrons
of the Pantechnetheca
on the occasion of
the Royal
visit to Belfast, August
1849
(UM).
John G. McGee & Co. (same address and
business at this date). Rev. Great
Indus
trial Exhibition,
1853 with view
Dublin,
of the building. White metal or pewter,
30.5 mm. Advertisement
medal
(UM).
Batty, 2 (1877), 352, No. 3469A. (PL. XV,
8).
John G. McGee
& Co., 46, 48 and 50
High St (same business). Rev. Conjoined
busts of Edward,
Prince of Wales
and
Princess Alexandra
right. White metal,
38 mm. Advertisement
to
medal presented
patrons on the occasion of the Royal Visit

AN

:B48

AN:849

AN

:850

AN:[351

AN

:B52

AN

:B53

AN

:1354

18 April
1868. Made
by
1. Moore,
Birmingham
(UM).
Note:
McGee
(like Macartney)
was
a
great advertiser and besides supplying
to
pulpit, bar and college, claimed patronage
of the Queen, Prince of Wales
and Lord
of Ireland.
Lieutenant
McTear & Co., 161 Corporation
St (later
117-121 Corporation
St). Felt manufac
etc. (from
turers and steam saw mills,
c. 1861). Rev. Wheat wreath. Brass, 32.5
mm. Workman's
checks Nos. 99 and 106.
C.XIX.3/4
(UM). (PL. XIX, 16).
John McWatters,
108 (later 127) Cromac
St Bakery (from e. 1870). Rev. Stamped
45. 6d., brass, oblong oval 39 x 26.5 mm.
Bread Ticket, later pierced and numbered,
so probably
as workman's
or
re-used
bread server's check. C.XIX.3/4
(UtM).
P. J. Seaby, 1. (PL. XVII, 11).
Stephen Marley
& Sons,
31 Berry St,
33 York St, 57, 59 Smithfield
(later also
Fish Market, Oxford
St). Fish and fruit
this
salesmen
etc. (from c. 1894 under
or
29 mm.
Credit
name).
1/-, brass,
discount
token; at some later date the
1/- has been roughly made
into 4/-, but
thereafter cancelled by X and 2/- stamped
on reverse. C.XIX.4/XX.l
(Pl.
(UM).
XVII, 19).
Marsh &Co., Ltd, 122 (later 138) Donegall
St. Biscuit manufacturers
(c. 1892). Brass,
26 mm. Workmen's
checks, Nos. 120 and
351. C.XIX.4/XX.1
(UtM). (PL. XtX, 7).
Methodist
Chapel, 6, 4 and 2 (later 12, 10
and 8) Donegall
Place (from c. 1840).
Rev, Inscription continued,
including verse
medalet
from Psalm 122. Advertisement
C.XIX.2/3
(UtM). (Pr. XIV, 12).
Murray Greene
and Lloyd,
13 Donegall
Place. Draper
and haberdasher
(c. 1850
55). Rev. The Crystal
Palace, London,
1851. White metal, 30 mm. Advertisement
medal
like AN:B39
(struck from same
rev. die) by Heaton, Birmingham
(National
Museum,
Dublin).
(PL. XV, 10).
Murray Sons & Co., Ltd, Whitehall Works,
IA Linfield Rd. Tobacco Manufacturers
(c. 1905). Rev. value
Id. Brass, 23 mm.
Canteen
voucher.
(UM).
C.XIX.4/XX.1
Seaby, 37.
The
firm of Murray,
tobacco
Note:
to have
been
appears
manufacturers,
about
1810. In the 1858
established
tobacco manu
directory Anne Murray,
is given at 8 Calendar
St and
facturer,
15 University
St with residence at Fort
william.
In 1884 the firm registered as a
Limited Company
under the Act; and in
1890 the address
is 8-14 Calendar
St,
Robert W. Murray
then living at Fort
william House.
later retiring to Enniskeen,

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CATALOGUE

OF ULSTER

TOKENS,

TICKETS,

Co. Down.
By 1905 the new,
Newcastle,
was
factory
opened
in Linfield
Rd.
to old age pensioners
According
the
halfpennies were used as canteen
tickets
which were exchanged for a cup of tea and
a bun.
AN :B55
Thc National
Co-op Society Ltd, Belfast.
Rev. as obverse.
22 mm.
10/-, bronze,
Credit
check or token. C.XIX.4/XX.l
(UM). (PL. XVII, 8).
Note: This piece was given to the Museum
on 7March 1901 by W. G. Stratton, but no
Co-operative
Society under this name has
been traced in the 1892, 1894, 1900, 1905
or subsequent
It is possible
directories.
that it was a very early token issued for
use by the Belfast Co-operative
Society
but, if so, the value as indicated on the
piece is high. See notes to AN:131-9.
AN:856
The
National
Co.,
Telephone
Ltd,
Telephone
Buildings,
3 Upper Queen St
(C. 1905-1912). Brass, 31 mm. Workman's
check or engineer's pass, No. 91 stamped
on reverse. C.XX.1
(D. A. Clark).
(PLt
19).
XIX,
AN :B57
The New Nort[h]en
Spinning & Weaving
Co., Ltd, 1 Falls Rd, Flax Spinners (from
c. 1890). Id., brass, octagonal,
22.5 mm.
Canteen
voucher.
(C.
C.XIX.4/XX.I
O'Neill).
(PL. XVIII, 1).
AN :1358 (Nourishment)
sec
North-East
Society,
retary's office at 10 Marlborough
St (from
c. 1826+).
Rev. Inscription
as to value.
Id., copper, hexagonal, 28.5 mm. Exchange
ticket or voucher
for soup and bread.
170.
C.XIX.2
(UM). Davis and Waters,
No. 526; Seaby, 25 and p. 16.
AN :159
Old Public Bakery Ltd (M. B. Thompson.
20-28 Church St (from c. 18851
manager),
Rev.
as obverse.
32 mm.
6d., brass,
Bread ticket. C.XIX.4/XX.1
(UM). P. J.
Seaby, 5. (PL. XVII, 16).
Note:
These
tickets were uised under a
discount scheme, 21/- worth being sold to
the customer for ?1. He then paid for his
bread with them as required.
AN :B60
[Archibald] Patterson, 20 Avoca St. Baker
and cakemaker
(from c. 1888-91). Imitat
in
ion spade guinea, the reverse bearing
scription and crowned Royal Arms. Brass,
26.5 mm. Advertisement
counter. C.XIX.4
170-172. (PL. XV, 11).
(UM). Dolley,
AN :B61
Robertson
Bros, 3 Corn Market. Hat and
Cap manufacturers
(at this address from
c. 1860-1868). Rev. Inscription continued.
Brass,
check,
23.5 mm. Advertisement
top hat priced 10/6, possibly of
showing
the value of a farthing. C.XIX.3
(UM).
Batty,
2 (1877-1884),
631, No.
1422.
(PL. XV, I ).
AN B6'
William Ross & Co., Ltd, Clonard M\ills.
Odessa St. Flax and tow spinners (C. 1895).

VOLUCHERS.

AN3:B63

AN

:B64

A?N :B65

AN: B66

AN

:B67

AN

:B68

AN:B68A
AN:B69
AN: B70

AN:B71

AN

:B72

AN:B73

AN:B74

AN

:B75

CHECKS,

PASSES,

ETC

101

voucher.
-d., brass, 25.5 mm. Canteen
C-.XIX.4/XX.l.
(UM). Seaby, 31.
18 Ann
St. Clog
W.
L. Scarborough,
manufacturer
(C. 1865). Rev. A clog.
Brass, 22.5 mm. Advertisement
check oi
token probably of the value of a farthing.
(UM). (PL. XV, 2).
C.XIX.3
Note:
clog and
John V. Scarborough.
patton maker,
occupied
these premises
from c. 1854, and by 1868 itwas a grocery
and provision store of Robert Gardner.
Smithlfield Flax Spinning & Weaving
Co.,
Ltd, 40 Smithfield
(from c. 1868). Rev.
One Ton English. Bronze, 34.5 mm. Coal
tallies(?), each stamped with a number:
6, 7 or 8. C.XIX.3/4
(UM). Seaby, 51.
As AN:B64
but brass and reading One,
Ton Scotch on revierse. Each stamped with
a niumber, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 or 8 (UM).
Seaby, p. 17.
1 Gt Edward
M. Turley,
St. Publicaln
of olive and
(from c. 1880). Rev. Wreath
oak. 2d.. brass, 30.5 mm. Taverni token
in centre of obverse.
w,ith value stamped
C.XIX.4
(UNM). Seaby, 33.
I Gt Edward
St. Publican
M4. Turley,
(from c. 1880). Rev. value 2-. Brass.
32 mm. Ciedit check oI token. C.XIX.4
(UM). Seaby, 34.
Society Ltd. Although
Ulster Co-operative
not traced in directories
this name may
that of Belfast
Co-op
have
preceded
Society
(c. 1895-1929).
Rev. Hand
(of
Ulster).
1/-, zinc, 24.5 mm. Credit check
or token. C.XIX.4
(UM). PL. XVI, 8).
32
As AN:B68
but value 2/-, aluminium,
mm. (W. E. Linton).
value
copper,
As AN:B68
but
Id.,
32.5 nmmii.(Major C. Heron). (PL. XVl, 12).
As AN :B68 but value d., copper, 26 mm.
(UM). (PL. XVI. 9).
l'uv.a. Similar but 24.5 mm. (G. Brady).
Ulster Hall, Bedford St (pre-1900). Brass,
n8.5 mm.
Admission
ticket. C.XIX.4
(UM). (PL. XIV, 8).
Co., Ltd, Linfield Rd.
Ulster Weaving
(from c. 1896). jd.,
Linen manufacturers
brass, '6 mm. Canteen voucher C.XX.l,'2
(UM). Seaby, 40; P. J. Seaby, 8.
I and 3 Cromac St and
Jlohn A. Wilson,
St. Baklers and confectioners
51 May
(c. 1869-1875). Rev. Inscription continued
41 mm.
Bread
and cornucopia.
Brass,
(UM).
ticket for 4 lb. loaf. C.XIX.3
(PL. XVII,
10).
& Strain Ltd, I and 3 Cromac St
Wilson
(later 45-51 May
St). Bakers
(from c.
ticket.
1877). 6d., brass, 28 mrn. Bread
(C. O'Neill).
C.XIX.4
(PL. XVII, 15).
8
John Wilson,
The Ulster
(Tavern),
and Luncheon
Castle Lane. Restaurant
Bar (c. 1877). Rev. J. C. Parkes, Dublin

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102

W. A. SEABY

28.5 mm. Tavern


(maker),
3d., bronze,
token, the value being stamped on obverse.
C.XIX.4
(UM). Seaby, 32.
AN :176 Workman,
Clark & Co., Ltd, Spencer
Basin.
Iron ship builders
(c. 1890).
Rer. value 4d. in wreath,
brass, 26 mm.
Canteen
voucher. C. XIX.4/XX.
I. Made
by Ardill, Leeds (UM). Seaby, 35.
AN :B77 Workman
Clark & Co.,
Ltd. Brass,
35.5 mm. Workman's
no. 540
check,
(pierced).
C.XIX.4/XX.1
(Rutherford).
14).
(lp. XIX,
AN :178 Workshops
for Blind
(J. H. Hewitt,
28 Royal
Manager),
Avenue.
Baskets,
wicker chairs, brushes, mats, upholstery,
etc. (C. 1894 -).
Revy. Inscription
and
value. id., brass, 25 mm. Dining Room
voucher. C.XIX.4 XX.l
(U NI). (PL.XVIII,
3).
IU'r.a. Id. on reverse taller, more like that
on obrerse (C. O'Neill).
York
AN:B79
Street Flax Spinning
Co.,
Ltd,
Henry St. Flax Spinning
(from c. 1865).
Brass, 30.5 mm. Identity Passes, No. 368
and 371 C.XlX.4 /XX.1
(UJM and C.
O'Neill).
(PL. XIX. 21).
AN:B80
York Road Mill, under York Street Flax
Spinning Co., Ltd. Linen Thread manu
facturers.
Id., brass, 31 mm. Slap token
or voucher
(in washer
form). C.XX.1j2
(UM). (PL. XIX, 2).
AN :B 8I
159
Ligoniel
Co-operative
Society
Ltd,
Ligoniel Rd" (after 1905). Rev, as obverse.
28.5 mm. Credit or
Id., brass, octagonal,
discount check. C.XX.1
(UM). (PL. XVI,
10).
As AN:BSO
but }d., brass, oval, 31.5 x
AN::B81A
22 mm. (UM). (PL. XVI, I ).
AN :B821 Wolfhill
Spinning Co., Ltd, Ligoniel Rd,
Ligoniel. Flax Spinning (from c. 1892). Rev.
23 mm.
ValLue 6d., aluminium,
hexagonal,
Canteen or Store voucher. C.XIX.4!/XX.1
(C. O'Neill).
(PL. XVIII, 10).
'
AN:B83
As AN:B82
but 3d., oblong oval, 30
23 mm. (C. O'Neill),
(PL. XVIII,
II).
AN:184
As AN:B82
but Id., circular,
31.5 mm.
(C. O'Neill).
(PL. XV1,
13).
AN:3B85
As AN:B82
but
Id., within
wreath,
circLilar, 26.5 mm. (UM). Seaby 36.
AN :B86
Belfast
Society
(Lyrical
Anacreotntic
Poetry), meeting
place(s) unknown
(foun
ded 1814). Silver, 47 mm. Visitors'
tickets.
Nos. 2 and 4. C.XIX.I
(UM). (PL. XIV, 9).
AN :B87 Armour & Co., Ltd of Liverpool but with
small agency in Belfast (J. Balmer repre
sentative).
importers
(C. 1920?).
Food
Brass, 26 mm. Workman's
check, No. 20
(pierced).
(C. O'Neill).
(PL.
C.XX.11;2.
XIX, 8).
(For the remainder of Belfast
tokens see
under DN:B numbers).
AN :VI
Ballymena,
Ballymoney,
Coleraine
&

AN

V2

AN:V3

AN:V4
AN:V5

AN

:V6

AN:V7
AN:V8
AN

:V9

AN

:V10

AN

:VI 1

AN:V12
AN:V13
AN

V14

AN:VI5

AN:V16

Portrush Junction Railway. Rev. Presented


by Wm Dargan
to a Promoter
of the
Company
(Nov. 1855). Silver, proof state,
35 mm. Free ticket for life. C.XIX.3. Made
by 1. C. Parkes, Dublin
(UM). Davis &
Waters,
325, No. 3. (PL. XIV, 10).
Paper Mill.
Probably
North
of Ireland
Paper Mills Co., Ltd, Ballyctare
(from
c. 1892) under
this name at Larne (by
1905), office at 38a Queen
St (by 1905).
Rev.
as obverse.
Id., brass,
25 mm.
Canteen
voucher
for
dining
rooms.
(C. O'Neill).
(PL. XVIII, 2).
C.XIX.4/XX.1
&
Barn
James
Taylor
Sons,
Mills,
Carrickfergus
Flax Spinners,
(from
c.
1865-1905?).
Id., brass. Canteen
voucher
for dining room. C.XIX.4
(Carrickfergus
Castle Museum).
As AN:V3
but Id. (Carrickfergus Castle
Museum).
William
Vint & Sons, West St, Carrick
fergus. Bakers, grocers and coal merchants
etc. (from c. 1875 - c. 1905). 1/-, brass,
I (U M).
32mm. Bread ticket. C.XI X.4/XX.
(PL. XVII, 13).
As AN:V5
but Ild. (Carrickfergus Castle
Museum).
As AN:V6
but 6d. (UM). (PL. XVII,
14).
As AN:V7
but 51d. (Carrickfergus
Castle
Museum).
Suffolk
Dunmurry
Co-operative
Stores,
zinc
(pre-1921).
Id.,
(?) silvered
(?)
Credit check or token. C.XX.1/2
(Carrick
fergus Castle Museum).
& Co.,
Lambeg
Stores.
Richardson
Lambeg,
Lisburn.
Linen bleachers.
2/-,
bronze, 32 mm. Truck ticket for 24 pence,
dated 1883. C.XIX.4
(UM). Seaby, 13.
As AN :VI0 but for 12 pence and 29 mm.
(UM). Seaby, 14.
As AN:V10
but for 6 pence and 25.5 mm.
(UM). Seaby, 15.
As AN:VI0
but for I penny and 25.5 mm.
(UM). Seaby, 16.
and Finishing
Lambeg Bleaching
Dyeing
Ltd
(J. M. Milligan,
Co.,
Managing
Director),
Lambeg,
Lisburn
(c. 1905).
Brass, 31 mm. Workmen's
checks, Nos.
16, 94, 115, 117 stamped in centre (pierced).
C.XIX.4/XX.1-2
(UMN). (PL. XIX, 12).
Rope Works,
G. R. Hutton,
Larne
(c.
1870, but Hutton
only given as woollen
and linen draper in directories 1870-1894).
Rev, wheat
32 mm.
Brass,
wreath.
Workman's
check.
(UM).
C.XIX.314
(PL. XIX, 18).
Larne Gas Co., Ltd (Peter McGregor,
Main
manager),
St, Larne
(c. 1894).
26 mm. Check
for 1 Bushel of
Bronze,
44
Coke.
(UM).
C.XIX.4/XX.1
Seaby,
this piece was wrongly
(see p. 18 where
to L. H. Guynet & Co., Ltd).
attributed

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CATALOGUE

AN

AN

VI 7

:V 8

OF ULSTER

TOKENS,

TICKETS,

William
Barbour
& Sons Ltd, Hilden,
Lisburn. Flax spinners,
thread manufac
(from c. 1890). Id.,
turers, and bleachers
brass, 32.5 mm. Canteen voucher (pierced),
said to have been in use up to 1937 (UM).
Seaby, 48, also p. 16.
As AN:V1 7 but value d., 25.5 mm. (UM).

VOUCHERS,

DN

:B5

DN

:B6

Seaby, 49.
AN

:VI9

AN:V20
AN:V21
AN

:V22

AN:V23
AN

:V24

AN:V25

AN

:V26

DN

Bl

DN
DN

:B2
:B3

DN

:B4

but bronze (UM).


Var.a. As AN:V18
Lisburn Working
Peoples'
Co-operative
Society, 38 Bridge St (1900), 27 Castle St
(c. 1905 onwards).
?1, brass, 22.5 mm.
Credit
check made
by Ardill,
Leeds.
C.XX.1/2
(UM). (PL. XVII, 7).
As AN :V19 but 1/-, 22 mm.,
no maker
(UM). (PL. XVII, 6).
As AN^V20
but 6d. (F. E. Dixon).
(PL.
XVII, 5).
Whiteabbey
stores. Whiteabbey
Spinning
Co.'s Grocery
Store (c. 1870-1900). Rev.
as obverse. 1/-, bronze,
32.5 mm. Truck
ticket. C.XIX.3/4
(UM). Seaby, 12.
As AN:V22
but 2d. and 24.5 mm. (UM).
Seaby, 11.
Whitehouse
Store.
James Grimshaw
&
Son, Whitehouse.
Flax spinning
(from
c. 1849). Rev. value 1/-, copper, 29 mm.
Truck ticket. C.XIX.3.
(UM). Seaby,p.
14;
340, No. 63; Batty, 2,
Davis and Waters,
513, No. 5022.
As AN:V24,
but Id. Rev. blank. Store
to be a later series
this appears
check;
than the shilling. C.XIX.4
(Scott-Garrett
Coll.).
(?), Calico
(James] Grimshaw
Printer,
Whitehouse
(c. 1830+).
copper,
id.,
28.5 mm. Slap ticket on Dundee
token,
1796. C.XIX.2
(UM). Seaby, 28.
The Belfast Flax & Jute Co., Ltd. Owen
O'Cork
Upper
Mills,
Beersbridge
Rd,
Ballymacarrett,
Flax and Jute Spinning
31.5 mm.
Id., brass,
(as from 1875).
Canteen
voucher.
C.XIX.4/XX.1
(UM).
Seaby, 30.
As DN :B1 but id. and 24.5 mm, (S. Lane).
Belfast Ropework
Co., Ltd,
Rope Works,
371-377 Newtownards
Rd, Ballymacarrett.
Rope, twine, sailcloth, etc. (as from 1875).
Rev. as obverse.
id., brass, 25.5 mm.
rooms.
for
voucher
Canteen
dining
C.XlX.4/XX.I
(UM). Seaby, 43.
Belfast & Co. Down
Railway,
Queen's
Quay, Ballymacarrett
(inaugurated
1846).
Rev. maker's mark: W. J. D. and hallmark
1916. Gold,
for 9 carat gold, Birmingham
of arms,
shield
openwork
supporters,
crest and motto,
surrounded
by circular
Lieut.Col.
collar inscribed: B. & C.D.R.
A.R.G.
D.L. Director;
D.S.O.,
Gordon,
loop and ring, 25.5 mm. Free pass (UM).
18).
(PL. XVIII,
Lt.-Col.
of Delamont,
Gordon
Note:

DN:B7

DN

:V

DN:V2

DN

:V3

CHECKS,

PASSES,

ETC.

103

Co. Down,
became a director
Killyleagh,
of the Railway
about 1932.
& Co., Ltd.
'Sirocco Works
Davidson
Queensbridge
Street', Bridge End, Bally
manu
macarrett.
Tea drying machinery
c. 1895). Brass,
etc. (from
facturers,
31.5 mm. Workman's
check, No.
1194
(pierced).
I. (C. O'Neill).
C.X1X.4/XX.
(PL. XIX,
1I).
As DN:B6
Brass,
but 'Sirocco Works'.
check, No. 4799
31.5 mm., Workman's
(C. O'Neill).
(pierced). C.XX.1-3
Win. Hinde, Queen's Quay, Ballymacar
rett. Coal merchant
(c. 1865) and ship
owner (from c. 1880). Brass,
31.5 mm.
(C.
C.XIX.3/4
Coal
tally?
(pierced).
O'Neill).
(PL. XIX, 10).
Drumaness Mill. Hu rsts Ltd, Ballynahinch.
Canteen
voucher
(no details but infor
mation
from S. G. Rowe).
Co-op Society Ltd, 28 Bridge
Banbridge
St (from c. 1899-1907).
Rev,. value 6d.,
or dividend check.
brass, 26 mm. Discount
C.XX.l
(UM). (PL. XVII, 1).
As DN :V2 but value 3d., (UM). (PL.XVI I,

2).
DN:V4
DN

:VS

DN

:V6

DN:V7

DN:V8
DN

:V9

As DN:V2 but value Id., (UM). (PL.XVII,


3).
As DN :V2 but value }d., (UM). (PL.XVIl,
4).
Note: No. 28 Bridge St, Banbridge, was
tailor
occupied by S. Macauley, Merchant
and general outfitter
from 1896 to 1898
tailor of Scarva Rd in
(Samuel McAuley,
1892 and 1894 directories).
Since that time
at No.
28
the Banbridge
Co-op
opened
in
was manager
and Francis
Hannan
c. 1905. Upon
the Co-op closing in 1907
took the
the then manager,
James Agnew,
premises
in his own name as a family
to
grocer and remained
in that capacity
itwas operating the Banbridge
1916. When
ran two horse-drawn
bread carts
Co-op
and one horse-drawn
van. Apparently
discounts and dividends were given in the
form of tokens that could be spent at the
from S. G. Rowe).
Co-op.
(information
Kirkcubbin.
Grocer
Charles
O'Flynn,
and potato
publican
(1928)
(1921-2),
28.5 mm.
merchant,
etc. (1939). Brass,
Workman's
check
(pierced).
C.XX.1/2
(PL. XIX, 6).
(C. O'Neill).
F. W. Hayes & Co. (formerly Seapatrick
thread manu
Linen
Mill),
Banbridge.
32 mm.
facturer
Id., brass,
(c. 1905).
(in the form of a
Slap canteen voucher
washer). C.XX.1
(UM). Seaby, 38.
As DN:V7
but id., zinc, 31.5 mm. (UM).
Seaby, 39.
Newry and District Co-operative
Society.
etc. (c. 1905). 1/-, zinc silvered,
Grocers,

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W.

104

DN

:V1

DN:VlI
DN:V12
DN:V13

DN:V14

DN

DN

:V1S

:V16

DN:V17
DN N18

DN

:V19

A.

21.5 mm.
Credit
or discount
check.
(C. O'Neill).
(PL. XVI, 13).
C.XX.1/2.
Annsborough
Stores.
James Murland,
Annsboro'
Mill, Kilmegan
(near Castle
wellan). Bleach greens, flax spinning (from
c. 1854). 2/-, brass, 31.5 mm. Truck ticket
for 24 (pence). 1000 of these ordered from
the Mint, Birmingham,
per R. Patterson
& Sons, 46 High
St, Belfast,
in 1878.
C.XIX.4
(UM). Seaby, 22.
AsDN:Vl0butl/-,28mm.andl2(pence).
1000 also ordered 1878.
As DN:V10
but 6d., 26 mm. 5000 ordered
1878. Seaby, 23.
As DN:VIO
but 2d., 22 mm. 5000 ordered
1878. Seaby, 24.
Note: According
to the 1854 directory the
bleach greens belonging
to James Murland
were on an extensive scale. Two large mills
for spinning yarn had been erected,
the
machinery
of one propelled
by water
power, the other by steam and both lighted
by gas made on the premises. The yarn
produced was mostly manufactured
into
linen in the houses here, giving employ
ment to numerous families in the town and
district. From
neighbouring
local infor
mation
it seems that the tokens ordered in
1878 were used up to about 1890. They
were known
as 'subs' (advances),
and
their purpose
seems
to have been for
giving out to workers at James Murland
Ltd should they need goods from Anns
borough Stores before pay day.
Robert Hall, South Down boot, shoe and
clog manufactory
(c. 1885-1905).
34d.,
in form, 26.5 mm. Work
brass, bracteate
token or truck
ticket
and
(impressed
pierced). C.XIX.4/XX.1
(UM). Seaby, 27
and p. 15.
Shrigley
Mills
Grocery
John
Stores,
Martin
(Ltd) Killyleagh.
Flax and tow
spinners (from c. 1870). 1/-, iron com
position, 32 mm. Credit or discount token.
C.XfX.4(XX.1
(UM). Seaby, 45, p. 15.
As DN :VIS but 4d., brass, 26 mm. (Major
C. Heron). Seaby, 46.
As DN:V16
but 2d., brass, 23 mm. (U M).
Seaby. 47.
Payable
at Mrs. Sommervills,
Down
(c.
1820?). Slap tokens on worn Georgian
tokens
copper halfpennies
and halfpenny
with
in circle,
28-30 mm.
inscription
120.
(UM). Davis,
C.XIX.1/2
26, No.
Szauer, 36. (PL. XIV, 1).
Crude
imitation
of
I.Somervill.Down.
on halfpenny
DN:V18
1771. (PL. XIV, 2).
It is difficult to be certain for what
Note:
place the word
It is.
'Down' is intended.
unlikely to be Downpatrick,
but could be
Hill of Down, Co. Meath, or Down Royal
race course at the Maze, Hillsborough.
In

SEABY

DN:V20

DN

:V21

DN

:V22

DN

:V23

DN

:V24

AR:Vl

AR:V2

(17 July 1946)


the Cokayne
sale catalogue
lot 203, a similar token bore the words:
County Meath Hill of Down,
1. Mitchell
half
H. Down
in a circle on a Georgian
penny (see Davis, 27, No. 135). Cf. Szauer,
40.
the Maze,
The School of H-Jillsborough,
Pete. Two
County
Down.
Obv. Metam
post.
horses with
jockeys near winning
olive
Rev. Praemia
Laudi. Angel
with
ticket or
branch. Silver, 35.5 mm. Racing
(UM). Davis and
prize. C.XVIII.4/XIX.1
Waters,
322, No. 12. (PL. XIV, 3).
Rev.
Stand House, Maze, Hillsborough.
Metam
Petunt. Two horses with
Avide
border.
jockeys, ornamental
Ivory (pier
ticket or pass for
ced) 44.5 mm. Racing
Esq.
103, to John Carleton
life, No.
(UM). Davis and Waters,
C.XIX.1/2
323,
for life).
No.
14 (No. 418, Mrs. Ogston
(PL. XfV, 4).
of Horse
Down
Royal
Corporation
Hillsborough
(founded
1685)
Breeders,
badge
Ivory (pierced) 39 mm. Steward's
or pass. C.XIX.4/XX.1-2
(UNM). (PL. XIV,
5).
Dunbar,
McMaster
& Co., Ltd, Dun
barton Road, Gilford.
Spinners and linen
(c.
thread manufacturers
1895).
Id.,
(in
brass, 31.5 mm. Slap canteen voucher
form of a washer). C.XIX.4/XX.1
(UM).
(PL. XIX, 4).
As DN :V23 but reads: Half Time beneath
above.
initials of company
piercing with
Brass, octagonal,
31.5 mm. Said to have
half
been used by children who worked
time at mill and half-time at school (UM).
(PL. XIX, 3).
across neck of
'Co. Armagh'
stamped
IV on a worn crown piece of 1822.
George
Silver, 37.5 mm. Slap token of unknown
purpose. C.XIX.3/4?
(UM). Szauer, 180.
across neck of
stamped
'Co. Armagh'
Itt on a very worn penny of 1797.
George
36 mm. Slap token of unknown
Copper,
purpose. C.XIX.3/4?
(UM). Szauer, 83.
to
In a letter from John Walker
Note:
both of the British
Thomas
Kendrick,
Museum,
it is suggested
that some Irish
of his
that the name
thought
patriot
county had a better right to appear on the
coin than the King's portrait, and mention
ismade of the practice of countermarking
them current in
Spanish dollars to make
Britain. Judging by the wear on the coins,
the countermark would appear to be mid
to late-nineteenth
century when there may
well have been a shortage of currency in
this flourishing
linen region and when the
but still
obsolete penny and old-fashioned
current crown may
have been brought
back into service at the mills.

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CATALOGUE

AR

:V3

AR

:V4

AR:V5
AR

:V6

AR:V7

AR:V8
AR:V9
AR:V10
1

AR:V

AR:V12

AR:V13

AR:V14

AR:V15
AR:V16
AR:V1

AR:VI8

AR

:V19

OF ULSTER

TOKENS,

TICKETS,

Joshua Tippin, Wellington


Inn, English
2d., copper,
(c. 1849-1856).
St, Armagh
token. (Made by I. C.
27 mm. Tavern
(Armagh
C.XIX.2/3.
Dublin).
Parkes,
(PL. XV, 17).
County Museum).
Society
Armagh and District Co-operative
Ltd, 76 Scotch St (c. 1905 A-). Rev. as
Credit
24.5 mm.
obverse.
1/-, bronze,
(Armagh
C.XX.1/2.
or
token.
check
(PL. XVI, 3).
County Museum).
(PL. XVI,
but 3d. (C. O'Neill).
As AR:V4
2).
County
Id. (Armagh
As AR :V4 but
Museum).
(PL. XVI, 1).
(Jacob Orr,
Flax Spinning Mill
Armagh
Obv. with L
of Laurel Hill, proprietor).
and date 1866. Rev. with H and value. 2/6,
ticket. C.XIX.3/4
zinc, 32.5 mm. Truck
(UM). Seaby, p. 13. (PL. XVIII, 14).
(C.
but value 1/-, 25.5 mm.
As AR:V7
Seaby, 10.
O'Neill).
(C.
but value 6d., 20.5 mm.
As AR:V8
(O'Neill). Seaby, p. 13. (PL. XVIII, 12).
As AR:V8
but value ld., bronze, 32.5 mm.
(U M). Seaby, 9. P. J. Seaby, 3.
Milford Cooking Depot. Robert McCrum,
Obv.
Milford Mill. Linen manufacturers.
dated 1865. Rev. One half. id., bronze,
ticket or voucher.
25.5 mm.
Canteen
(UM). Seaby, 5.
C.XIX.3.
M. Kirk & Co., Darkley Mills,
William
near Keady,
are said to have issued truck
tickets but no details (?Keady & District
Society).
Co-operative
Armagh Gas Light Co., Ltd, Gas Works,
Callen Street (c. 1890). Check for I bushel
(C. O'Neill).
of coke (14). C.XIX.4fXX.l
(PL. XVIII, 7).
The
Stores (spelt Drumcarine),
Drumcairn
Armagh Spinning Co., Ltd. Flax spinners,
Drumcairne mills, stores, grocers and boot
31 mm.
dealers
(c. 1875). 2/-, brass,
by the
Truck
ticket for 24 pence. Made
C.XIX.4
(UM). Seaby,
Mint, Birmingham.
17.
but value 1/-, 28 mm. Truck
As AR:V14
ticket for 12 pence (UM). Seaby, 18.
but value 6d., 25 mm. (UM).
As AR:V14
Seaby, 19.
but value 2d., 22.5 mm. (UM).
As AR:V14
Seaby, 20.
but name correctly spelt and
As AR:V14
17 mm. 480 ordered
in 1878
value 4d,
through
the Mint,
from
Birmingham,
Place, Belfast
Riddel & Co., 49 Donegall
(Dr H. Gray). Seaby, 21.
Note: All tokens appear to have letters, or
the
on
stamped
letters and numbers,
reverse.
SupplyAssociation
Glenanne Co-operative
Hill.
near Market
Loughgilly,
Ltd,
rooms (c. 1905).
Grocers and refreshment

VOUCHERS,

AR:V20
AR:V21
AR:V22
AR:V23

AR

:V24

TY-Vt

TY:V2
TY :V3

TY :V4
TY:V5
TY:V6

TY

:V7

TY

:V8

TY:V9
TY:V10

CHECKS,

PASSES,

ETC.

105

27 mm.
Rev.
as obverse.
2/6, brass,
Credit check or token said to have been
issued by a Mr Baird. C.XX.l/2.
(UM).
(PL. XVI, 7).
As AR:V19
but value 1/-(?) (not traced).
As AR:V20
but value 6d., brass, 25.5 mm.
(C. O'Neill).
(PL. XVI, 6).
As AR:V21
but value 3d. (C. O'Neill).
(PL. XVI, 5).
As AR:V20
but value ld., brass, 23 mm.
(C. O'Neill).
(PL. XVI, 4).
Note: This token reads Glenarme
in place
of Glenanne,
but there apperas
to have
been no similar Association
at Glenarm,
Co. Antrim, and it is thought that this is a
mistake
on the part of the manufacturer
(see also under Drumcairn).
Loughgall
Coffee
Tavern
(Mrs Cope,
proprietor),
Loughgall
(c. 1870-80). Obv.
Good
for one pennyworth
of refreshment
at Rev. Loughgall
Coffee
Tavern,
Id.,
brass, 29 mm. Tavern
token or voucher.
C.XlX.3/4
(UM). Seaby, 29, quoting from
Bassett's County Armagh (1888).
G. Irvine, Strabane. Obv. Female
seated
Rev.
holding
scales
and
cornucopia.
of olive and shamrock containing
Wreath
value and date 1812. Id., copper, 34.5 mm.
Trade
token. C.XlX.1
(N. D. Doyle).
Davis, 228, No. 1. (PL. XIV, 6).
As TY:V1
but 1813 (UM). Davis,
228,
No. 2. Batty, 1 (1868), 65, No. 907.
Wilson
Bros. Roan Spinning Mills, Coal
island. Flax spinners. Obv. W and value.
Rev. date 1863. 2/6, zinc, 33 mm. Truck
ticket. C.XIX.3
(UM). Seaby, 1.
As TY:V3
but value 1/-, zinc, 25 mm.
(UM). Seaby, 2.
As TY:V3
but value 6d., zinc, 20 mm.
(UM). Seaby, 3.
As TY:V3 but value ld., bronze, 32 mm.
(UM). Seaby, 4; Davis and Waters,
340,
No. 66.
G. V. Stewart, Lisdourt Spinning Mill and
Obv. Name
and
Flax Mill, Ballygawley.
date 1867. Rev. value 2/6, bronze, 31.5 mm.
and
C.XIX.3.
(UM).
Seaby,
6; Davis
Waters,
337, No. 22; Tyrone Constitution
(10 Nov.
1950).
As TY :V7 but 1/-, bronze (UM). Seaby, 7;
Davis and Waters,
337, No. 23.
Seaby, 8;
AsTY:V7butld.,bronze(UM).
Davis and Waters,
337, No. 24.
Thomas Adair & Co., Greenvale,
Cooks
town. Flax and Tow Spinners. Canteen at
Moat Corner
(from c. 1890). Id., brass,
28 mm. Canteen voucher as a washer with
large central perforation.
C.XIX.4/XX.1
(Mrs A. Stirrup). (PL. XIX, 1).
Note: The owner in an interview in The
Mid-Ulster
Mail
(5 Dec.
1970) said that
the workers
used to cross the river, by

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106

TY

:VII

LO :V1

LO:V2

LO :V3

LO:V4
LO :V5

CA:VI

W. A.

means of a footbridge, to the canteen where


the token would buy a large bowl of soup.
Mrs Stirrup (nee Annie McLean)
worked
at the mill c. 1900-20.
Fintona
(stamped). But
E(?) Dougherty,
cher (c. 1894-1905). Victorian
Id., of 1874
to
converted
slap token, which also bears
the stamped name A. Haughton
(curved)
either side (Dr G. H. L. Bullmore).
W. McKenzie,
Coleraine.
Otherwise
as
TY:V2,
dated 1813 (UM). Davis,
225,
No. 1, pi. G, No. 8; Batty, 1 (1868), 65,
No. 905. (PL. XIV, 7).
Broadway
Bar, 102 Duke St, Waterside,
Mr McHugh,
Londonderry
(proprietor
Rev.
1924-1932).
Inscription
continued.
or credit
id., brass, 25.5 mm. Discount
264
checks (good for id. in trade) Nos.
and 343. C.XIX.4
5).
(UM). (PL. XVIII,
The London & Newcastle
Tea Co. (J. A.
The
Londonderry
Game),
Diamond,
{ lb.
continued.
(1879). Rev. Inscription
tea check, brass, 25 mm. Made by Ardill,
Leeds. C.XIX.4
(James Thompson).
As LO:V3
but + lb. tea check,
brass,
22 mm. (UM). (PL. XVII, 20).
David
Allen, Moneymore.
Agricultural
maker
(c. 1854-1868).
Slap
implement
on worn
III English
tokens
George
pennies. 1797. C.XIX.3
(UM). Seaby, 50;
Szauer, 84.
Murray,
Cavan.
token on worn
Slap
George III English penny, 1806. C.XIX.3/4
(UM). Szauer, 85.

MAIN

SEABY,
DL:Vl

Co-operative
Society
Ltd,
Templecrone
(c. 1905-1930).
Co. Donegal
Dungloe,
1/-, plated metal to represent silver, 24 mm.
Credit check. C.XX.1/2
(UM). (PL. XVI,

DL:V2

similar to DL:Vl
but value 6d.
Probably
(none traced, see note below).
but value Id., brass (UM).
As DL:V3

14).
DL:V3

DL:V4

(PL. XVI, 15).


Note: Mr Brennan, Secretary of the Co-op,
stated that it was started about 1900 and
thought that the tokens were in use to the
late 'twenties. There were 1/-, 6d. and Id.
after a
pieces. All the tokens disappeared
that it
fire at the stores, but he suggested
might be possible to find examples amongst
the older folk in the district. Tokens were
by the ?1, ?2 or ?3 worth and
purchased
used in the store against goods purchased.
to do with dividends.
It
They had nothing
saved in the giving of change and helped a
the keeping of personal
good deal with
It also meant that members had
accounts.
to use up their
to return to the store
tokens.
Hyde & Hayes, contractors of Enniskillen
& Bundoran
(c. 1870). Rev.
Railway
value 1/-, brass. Truck ticket for twelve
apparently
pence,
paid out to navvies
line.
in building
the railway
engaged
C.XIX.3. Made by W. J. Taylor, medallist,
but a proof of the
London.
(J. Sweeney,
obverse has been in the British Museum
since 1870). Seaby, 26.

REFERENCES

D. T. Batty, Catalogue of the Copper Coinage of Great


Britain,
Ireland, British Isles and Colonies
etc,
4 vols. (1868-98).
W. J. Davis, Nineteenth
Token
Century
Coinage
of
Great Britain, Ireland, the Channel Islands and the
Isle of Man
(London,
1904).
W. J. Davis and A. W. Waters,
Tickets and Passes of
Great Britain and Ire/and (Leamington
Spa, 1922).

M. Dolley, Brit. Numis. J., 34 (1965), 170-172.


W. A. Seaby, Numis. Soc Ireland Occasional
Papers,
Nos.
5-9 (1969), 11-18, Pis. 2 and 3.
P. J. Seaby, Coins and Tokens of Ireland, Seaby's
Standard Catalogue, part 3 (1970), 164-165.
E. Szauer,
Irish
'Catalogue of Irish Countermarks',
issues 15-18 (Dublin, May-Dec.
Numismatics,
1970), 119-127,
180-186, 246-253, 282-287.

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.........%..

:iill

11

H. __~~~oml

...
.P..XIV...

PLATE XIV

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17

74

PLATE

XV

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la

110

176

13

201

18

PLATE XVI

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12

13

~~~14

156:

1<~~~~~~~~~~~~2

PLATE XVII

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@0 ' Q 9 1

PLATE

1@

9~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

XVIII

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71

16

PLATE Xl2

PLATE

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