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BY SPEED POST

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA


MINISTRY OF POWER

 

( : 9001-2008)

CENTRAL ELECTRICITY AUTHORITY


,

SEWA BHAWAN, R.K. PURAM


!# 110 066

NEW DELHI 110066


No.CEA/PLG/DMLF/18thEPS/2012/

Dated 14.03.2013

To all the Members of the 18th Electric Power Survey Committee (as per list enclosed)
Subject: 18th Electric Power Survey (EPS) of India (Volume-II) draft report of EPS of
Mega Cities regarding.
Sir/Madam,
The draft report of 18th Electric Power Survey (EPS) (Volume-II) containing EPS of
Mega Cities has been prepared based on the input data furnished by concerned State utilities
and subsequently modified after considering their views/suggestions.
The 4th Meeting of the 18th EPS Committee is proposed to be held as per details given
below to finalize the draft report of the 18th EPS of India (Volume-II).
Date
Time
Venue

:
:
:

Ist April, 2013 (Monday)


3.00 PM
Conference Room, NRPC Complex,
Katwaria Sarai, New Delhi.

A soft copy of the draft report is given in the enclosed CD. You are requested to kindly
make it convenient to participate in the meeting or depute a senior officer conversant with the
subject-matter.
Encl:- As above.
Yours faithfully,

(MAJOR SINGH)
Chief Engineer (DMLF) &
Member Secretary (18th EPSC)
Telefax No.26105546
Mobile No.9868818190
E-mail: cedmlfcea@yahoo.com

th

List of Members of 18

Electric Power Survey Committee (EPSC)

Chairperson &
Ex Officio Secy. to Govt. of India
Central Electricity Authority
New Delhi

Member (Planning) &


Ex Officio Addl. Secy. to Govt. of India
Central Electricity Authority
New Delhi

Principal Adviser (Power)


Planning Commission
Yojana Bhawan
Parliament Street, New Delhi
Tel.No.23096579 (O)
Fax No. 23096579
Email: uma-pc@nic.in

Director General,
Bureau of Energy Efficiency
R.K. Puram
New Delhi.
Tel.No.26178316 (O)
Fax No.26178328
Email: dg-bee@nic.in

Adviser (Perspective Planning)


Planning Commission)
Yojana Bhawan
Parliament Street
New Delhi
Tel.No.23096763 (O)
Fax No. 23096763
Email: bdvirdi@nic.in

Adviser Electrical (RE)


Railway Board
Rail Bhawan
New Delhi.
Tel.No.23383343(O)
Fax No. 23303796
psadvers@rb.railnet.gov.in

Joint Secretary,
Department of Industrial Policy & promotion
Ministry of Commerce & Industry
Udhyog Bhawan, New Delhi
Tel.No.23062983(O)
Fax. 23061034

Adviser, Projects
Ministry of Coal
Shastri Bhawan
New Delhi
Tel.No.23386347 (O)
Fax No. 23387738
Email; advp.moc@nic.in

Joint Secretary (PP)

Ministry of Power
Shram Shakti Bhawan
Rafi Marg, New Delhi
Ph.011-2371-0389
Email: sudhir.k@nic.in
10

Commissioner (B&B)
Ministry of Water Resources
Shram Shakti Bhawan
Rafi Marg, New Delhi
Tel. No.23744852,
Fax No. 23747063
Email: commgwhp-mowr@nic.in

11

Chairman cum Managing Director


Power Grid Corporation of India Limited.
Corporate Centre, Saudamini, Plot No.2,
Sector 29, Gurgaon 122 001 (Haryana)
Tel.. No.0124-2571700
Fax No. 0124-2571760
Email: cmd@powergridindia.com

12

Chairman cum Managing Director


NTPC Ltd.
NTPC Bhawan, Core-7, Scope Complex
7 Institutional Area, Lodi Road,
New Delhi 110 003,
Tel.. No.24360044
Fax No. 011-24361018
Email: sureshkumar@ntpc.co.in, mlnandwani@ntpc.co.in

13

Chairman,
Damodar Valley Corporation
DVC Towers,
VIP Road,
Kolkata 700054.
No.033-23557935, 23556965
Fax No. 033-23552129, 23551252
Email: devendersingh @nic.in

14

Chairman & Managing Director


Rural Electrification Corporation Ltd.,
Core -4, Scope Complex,
7, Lodhi Road
New Delhi 110 003.
No.24361562
Fax: 24366948
Email: phatakjm@nic.in

15

Chairman,
Himachal Pradesh State Electricity Board
Vidyut Bhawan
Shimla 171 004
No.0177-2813563,
0177-2803600
Email: cmd@hpseb.in

16

Chairman,
Punjab State Power Corporation Ltd.,
The Mall,
Patiala 147 001

No. 0175-2212005,
2214927,
Fax No. 2231712, 2213199
Email: cmd-pspcl@psebindia.org.
17

Chairman,
Tamil Nadu Electricity Board
NPKRR Maligai
No 800 Anna Salai
Chennai 600 002
No. 044-28516362 &
28520131, Fax:28544528
Int.com 2221
Email:chairman@tnebnet.org

18.

Chairman,
Kerala State Electricity Board,
Vydhuthi Bhavanam, Pattom,
Thiruvananthapuram 695 004
No. 0471-2442125
09446008002
Fax No.24413028
Email: cmkseb@ksebnet.com

19

Chairman,
Bihar State Electricity Board
Vidyut Bhawan, Bailey Road
Patna 800 021
No. (0612) 2504036, 2504534,2225036
Fax No. (0612) 2504557, 2530111, 2504968,2504937
Email: chairmanbseb@yahoo.co.in

20

Chairman,
Jharkhand State Electricity Board
Engineering Building, HEC, Dhurwa, Ranchi 834 004
(0651) 2400807, 2400809
Fax No. (0651) 2400799
Email: chairmanjseb@gmail.com, Chairmanjseb@yahoo.co.in,

21

Chairman,
Assam State Electricity Board,
Bijuli Bhawan, Paltan Bazar,
Guwahati 781 001
Ph. No.0361-2739528 (o)
Fax: 2739527
Mb. No. 9864020693

22

Chairman,
Meghalaya State Electricity Board,
Lumgingshai, Short Round Road
Shillong 793 001
No. (0364) 2590367
09436104858
Fax No.0364-2590355
Email:meseb@shillong.meg

23

Chairman-cum-MD,
Delhi Transco Ltd.
Shakti Sadan, Kotla Road, ITO
New Delhi 110 002

No.23215198 (O)
Fax: 23234640
Mb. NO.9971748833
Emal; cmd@delhitransco.gov.in
24

Managing Director
Haryana Vidyut Prasaran Nigam Ltd.
Shakti Bhawan, Sector-6, Panchkula 134 109
No.0172-2560815
Email:mdhvpnl@yahoo.com

25

Chairman & Managing Director


Uttar Pradesh Power Corporation Ltd.
Shakti Bhawan, 14 Ashok Marg,
Lucknow 226 001
No.0522-2287827,
Fax No.0522-2287785
Email: c_mduppcl@sify.com

26

Chairman &Managing Director


Rajasthan Rajya Vidyut Prasaran Nigam Ltd.
Vidyut Bhavan, Jyoti Nagar,
Janpath, JAIPUR 302 005
No. 0141-2740118,
Fax No.0141-2740168, 2740794
Emal: cmd_rvpn@rvpn.co.in

27

Managing Director
Power Transmission Corporation of
Uttrakhand Ltd.(PTCUL)
7-B, Lane No.1, Vasant Vihar Enclave
Dehradun 248 0001
No. 0135-2768895
Fax No.2768867
Email: jmlal25@gmail.com

28

Chairman
Gujarat Electricity Transmission Corpn. Ltd.
Sardar Patel Vidyut Bhavan, Race Course,
Vadodara, 390 007
No.0265-2338299
Emal: cmd-guvnl@gebmail.com

29

Chairman &Managing Director


Madhya Pradesh Power Transmission Co.Ltd.
Shakti Bhawan, Ramput, Jabalpur, M.P. 482 008
No. 0761-2661234
Fax: 0761-2664141
Email:cmd-mpptcl@hotmail.com

30

Chairman &Managing Director


Chhattisgarh State Power Transmission Corp.Ltd..
P.O.Sunder Nagar, Danganiya,
Raipur 492 013
No. 0771-4066900,
2574000
Fax No.4028882
Email:kumar_cseb@rediffmail.com, kumar_cseb@yahoo.com

31

Managing Director

Mharashtra State Electricity Transmission Co.Ltd.


C-19, E Block, Prakashganga,
Bandra Kulra Complex
Bandra (E), Mumbai 400 051
Tel: 022- 26474644
Fax: 022- 22619499
Emal: md@mahadiscom.in
32

Managing Director
APTRANSCO.
Vidyut Soudha,
Hyderabad 500 082.
No. 040-23317657
Fax No.23320565
Email: cmdaptransco@rediffmail.com

33

Managing Director
Karnataka Power Transmission Corporation Ltd.,
Kaveri Bhawan P.B No.9990
Bangalore 560 009.
No. 080-22244556
Fax: 22213526
Email: mdkptcl@gmail.com

34

Managing Director
West Bengal State Electricity Transmission Co. Ltd.,
Vidyut Bhavan, 7th Floor, DJ-Block,
Sector II, Salt Lake, Kolkata 700 091
No.(033), 23591915,23371150
Fax No (033) 23373002
Email: malaykumarde@hotmail.con

35.

Managing Director
Orissa Power Transmission Corporation Ltd.,
Janpath, Bhubaneswar 751 022
No.0674-2540098
Email: cmd@optcl.co.in

36

Chairman &Managing Director


Tripura State Electricity Corporation Ltd.,
Vidyut Bhawan, North Banamalipur
Agartala,
Tripura 799 001
No.0381-2228001
Fax: 0381-2319427
Email: cmd.tsecl@rediffmail.com

37

Principal Secretary to Govt.


Power Development Department
Civil Secretariat, Jammu (J&K)
0191-2546715
2520864,
0194-2452236, 2452352
Fax No.0191-2545447,
0194-2452352
Email: cspgdjk@gmail.com, cspgd_jk@nic.in

38

Chief Engineer
Electricity Department
UT of Chandigarh
Secretariat office building Sector 9 D

Chandigarh 160 009


39

Chief Electrical Engineer


Electricity Department
Vidyut Bhawan, 3rd Floor
Panaji, Goa 403 001
Tel: 0832-2224680 / 2227009
Fax: 0832-2222354, 2426986
Email: nbraganza04@yahoo.co.in

40

Executive Engineer
Electricity Department, Daman & Diu,
Power House Building, 2nd Floor,
Daman 396 210
Tel: 0260-2255103, 2254745
Fax: 0260-2250889
Email:eddaman@rediffmail.com

41

Executive Engineer
Electricity Department,
Dadra & Nagar Haveli (UT)
Silvasa 396 230
Telefax: 0260-2642338
Email: eeelectdnh@rediffmail.com, ee-elec-dnh@nic.in

42

Secretary (Power)
Govt. of Puducherry, Beach Road
Puducherry 605 001
No.0413-2334484
Telefax:
Email: Secywel-pon@nic.in

43

PCE-cum-Secretary
Energy & Power Department
Govt. of Sikkim
Gangtok 737 101
No. (03592) 202244
Fax No. (03592) 202927, 201148
Email: pwangchen@gmail.com

44

Secretary (Power)
A&N Administration Secretariat
Port Blair 744 101.
No. 03192-233113
Fax No. 03192- 233250
Email: achlasingh123@yahoo.com, secytolg@and.nic.in

45

Commissioner & Secretary


Deptt. of Power, Govt. of Nagaland,
Nagaland Civil,
Secretariat, Kohima 797 001
No. (0370) 2270110,2223149
(Mobile No.09436000299)
Fax No. 0370-2270110,2240178

46

Chief Secretary & Secretary (Power)


Electricity Department
Govt. of Mizoram
New Secretariat Complex,

Aizwal 796 001


No.0389-2322411,2326222
Fax No. (0389) 2322745,2318572
Email: cs_miz@rediffmial.com
47

Secretary (Power)
Secretariat Fort Area
Moti Daman, Daman - 396220

48

Secretary (Power)
Deptt. of Power
Govt. of Arunachal Pradesh
Itanagar 791 111
No. Mobile No. of PA 09436044711

49

Secretary (Power)
Deptt. of Power
Govt. of Manipur,
Imphal 795 001
No. (0385) 2451562
Fax No. 0385-2440170
Email:lpgonmei@hotmail.com

50

Director General,
National Council of Applied
Economic Research (NCAER),
Or his representative
11, Indraprastha Estate
Parisila Bhawan, New Delhi.
Tel. No.23379861
Fax No.2337016
Email: sbery@ncaer.org

51

Distinguished Fellow,
The Energy Resources Institute (TERI),
New Delhi. Darbari Seth Block, IHC Complex, Lodhi Road
Tel.No.24682100, 41504900
Fax No.24682147.
Email: krnathan@teri.res.in

52

President
Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)
23, Institutional Area, Lodhi Road New Delhi.
Tel. No.24629994
Fax N0.011-2468226
Email: hs.bhartia@cii.in

53

Executive Director,
(Cooperate Services System Operation)
CESC Limited
CESC House, Chowringhee Square,
Kolkata 700 001 (West Bengal)
Tel. No.033-22368263 Mob. No.9830052954
Fax NO.037-022259714
Email: utpal.bhattacharya@cesc.co.in

54

Managing Director,
Tata Power Company Limited,

Bombay House, 24, Homi Mody Street,


Fort, Mumbai 400 001 (Maharashtra)
Tel. No.66658282
Fax NO.66658801
Emial: dolly@tatapower.com
55

Vice Chairman,
Reliance Infrastructure Ltd.,
Reliance Energy Centre, Santa Cruz (East)
Mumbai 400 055 (Maharashtra)
Tel. No.022-30376522
Fax NO.022-30375577

56

Vice Chairman
Torrent (Group) Limited
Ashram Road, Torrent House
Ahmedabad 380 009 (Gujarat)
Tel. No.079-26587651
Fax NO.079-26580048
Email: sekhar@torrentltd.com

Contents
Page No.

0. Executive Summary
Electric Power Survey of
1.
Lucknow
2.
Kanpur
3.
Jaipur
4.
Kolkata
5.
Indore
6.
Ahmedabad
7.
Surat
8.
Pune
9.
Nagpur
10. Greater Mumbai
11. Hyderabad
12. Chennai
13. Bangalore

1
6
17
28
39
55
67
83
99
119
122
142
156
168

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The rapid pace of urbanization and development of infrastructure in big cities
is bound to result in the growth of electricity demand by the end of 12th plan
and during 13th plan. During the brain storming session and 1st meeting of 18th
EPS Committee need was felt to carry out separate EPS of mega cities so as
to provide basic input for planning the matching infrastructure for distribution
of electricity with developmental plans for other sectors. The electricity
consumption in domestic & commercial categories forms sizeable part of
electricity consumption in the mega cities. Therefore the availability of the
trend of growth of electricity consumption is vital input for fixing the priorities
for phased development of infrastructure of the Mega Cities for next 5 to 10
years.
To take up EPS of mega cities, it was decided that in the first instance the
cities having population around 20 lakhs and above (as per 2011 census)
may be covered. The EPS of NC Region is also being carried out separately
and EPS of NCT Delhi is already covered in volume-I of 18th EPS of India.
Therefore thirteen cities with population around 20 lakh and above except
Delhi were identified for EPS. These cities are Greater Mumbai, Kolkata ,
Chennai, Hyderabad, Bangaluru, Pune, Ahmedabad, Surat, Kanpur ,
Lucknow, Jaipur, Nagpur and Indore.
As in case of EPS (Vol-I) , the EPS of mega cities has been carried out by
using partial End Use Methodology (PEUM) which is combination of trend and
End Use. The forecast of consumption in respect of Domestic & commercial
category has been undertaken by Trend analysis combined with growth rate
and other factors governing the electricity demands. The forecast for
Industrial Category as well as Others which include Industrial, Public Lighting,
Public water works, Irrigation and Bulk Supply is based on End Use details
and the programme of development furnished by state utilities.
The input data for conducting EPS has been furnished by State TRANSCOs
in coordination with DISCOMs and other concerned organizations responsible
for development of infrastructure. The requisite long term data was not
available with most of the DISCOMs as these DISCOMs were formed as a
follow up of the unbundling of SEBs. In case of Pune & Nagpur, DISCOMs

were able to provide actual data of only past two years. Year 2010-11 was
taken as base year for EPS of the Mega Cities. The information contained in
Master Plans of various cities have also been broadly taken into consideration
for estimating the growth in Energy requirement after assessment of the
growth rate of infrastructure and other developmental activities programmed
for implementation in next 5 to 10 years. In case of cities like Greater
Mumbai, Kolkata , Ahmedabad and Surat electricity distribution is under the
purview of more than one DISCOM. The EPS has been carried out for each
DISCOM and based on which consolidated forecast for each city has been
prepared. The report has been prepared after scrutinizing of input data and
adopting suitable growth rates and considering other factors governing the
growth of electricity demand. The suggestions/observations of State Utilities
on the draft report have also been taken into account for finalizing the report.
1. ELECTRICAL ENERGY REQUIREMENT(EER)
The total EER of each city has been worked out by adding the estimated T&D
losses into the

projections of electricity consumption of various categories

such as Domestic, Commercial, Industrial, Public Water Work, Public


Lighting, Railways and Bulk Supply and Transmission and Distribution
Losses.
The city wise summary of total Electrical Energy Requirement (EER) is given
in the Table-A.
Table-A
Electrical Energy Requirement at Power Station Bus Bar (In MU)
(at the terminal year of 11th, 12th & 13th plan)
City
Lucknow
Kanpur
Jaipur
Ahmedabad
Surat
Nagpur
Indore
Pune
Greater Mumbai
Hyderabad
Chennai
Bangaluru
Kolkata
Total

11th Plan
4840
3046
3905
7862
8029
2311
2007
7760
22107
13528
15273
12300
15528

12th Plan
6796
4023
6743
11133
11053
3193
3325
12819
30568
20652
21434
16260
20006

13th Plan
9074
5131
10683
16097
15225
4820
5292
21111
43039
29730
26236
21219
25588

110635

156873

217147

The results of EPS reveal that in 2010-11, amongst all the above 13 cities
Greater Mumbai ranks first for highest EER followed by Kolkata and Surat.
The same pattern is expected to continue by end of 12th & 13th Plan. The
EER for these cities account for about 12% of the total EER of All India by
end of 12th & 13th Plan.
2. ANNUAL PEAK ELECTRIC LOAD (AEPL)
The APEL has been worked out on the basis of EER and annual electric load
factor(AELF) of each city. The summary of the APEL of mega cities is given
at Table-B.
Table-B
AEPL at Power Station Bus Bar (In MW)
(at the terminal year of 11th,12th & 13th )
City
Lucknow
Kanpur
Jaipur
Ahemedabad
Surat
Nagpur
Indore
Pune
Greater Mumbai
Hyderabad
Chennai
Bangaluru
Kolkata

11th Plan

12th Plan

13th Plan

750

1119

1594

580

765

976

771

1329

2103

1320

1869

2827

1309

1802

2556

315

481

812

391

621

950

1173

2091

3544

3605

4985

7225

2134

3375

5039

2291

3370

4334

2090

2805

3717

2577

3512

4674

From the study of Table-B it is seen that the APEL of Greater Mumbai is
highest among all the cities followed by Chennai, Kolkata & Hyderabad. As
per EPS by end of 12th & 13th Plan Greater Mumbai would continue to rank
highest in APEL followed by Kolkata, Hyderbad & Chennai.
Since the cities identified for EPS are located in different regions of the
country, the occurrence of APEL would not be simultaneous as such APEL of
each city has been shown and combined APEL has not been worked out.

The AEPL of each city has been worked out on the basis of expected load
factor in next 5-10 years which depends upon pattern of utilization for
consumption of various categories.
3. CATEGORY-WISE FORECAST OF CITIES
The demand forecast of each city has been done for various categories of
consumption such as Domestic, Commercial, Industrial and Others (which
include Public Lighting, Public Water Works, Irrigation, Railways and Non
Industrial).
The Summary of category-wise Electrical Energy Consumption (EEC) of the
13 cities by end of 12th & 13th Plan is given in Table C.
Table-C
Electrical Energy Consumption (EEC)
(at the terminal year of 11th,12th & 13th )
Category
Domestic
Commercial

Electrical Energy Consumption (EEC) in Mus


End of 11th Plan
End of 12th Plan
End of 13th Plan
34109
48565
68712
22278

33890

50953

Industrial

31041

43804

59340

Others

7766

11472

15355

4. PATTERN OF UTILIZATION OF ELECTRICITY


The pattern of utilization of electricity for various categories has been
analyzed and as per the results of EPS, the overall shares are expected to
undergo marginal change during next 10 years. The share of consumption in
domestic category is likely to remain in the range of 34 to 35% but slight
increase from 22% to 25% is anticipated in commercial category and marginal
reduction from 33% to 31% is likely to take place for industrial category. The
break up of the pattern of utilization of electricity for each category by end of
11th, 12th & 13th is shown in Fig-1.

Utilisationfor201011
Others,
8.37

Utilisationfor201617
Domestic,
35.15

Othe,
8.39

Utilisationfor202122
Others,
8.00

Domestic
34.70

Domestic,
34.73

Industries,
31.45

Industes,
32.58

Industrie
s,33.71
Comm.
24.34

Comm.,
22.78

Comm.,
25.83

Fig-1- Pattern of Utilisation


The increasing trend in commercial category is primarily due to rapid pace of
increase in consumption due to development of malls and other related
activities.

The drop in industrial utilization is primarily due to shifting to

service industries from manufacturing units.


primarily

attributed

to

gradual

depleting

The steady share of 8% is


consumption

in

irrigation

category(which is clubbed in others category) due to rapid urbanization and


requiring development of infrastructure for street lights, public water works
and other related activities.
5. CONCLUSION
Based on the study of the input data , it is seen that by end of 11th plan 201112 the total EER of these 13 cities account for 12% of total EER of All India
where as the total population is only 7.5% of All India. As per EPS the total
EER of these 13 cities account for 156873 MU by end of 12th Plan and
217147 MU by end of 13th Plan. The CAGR of EER is 7% during 12th Plan
and 13th Plan. The combined T&D losses for these cities account for 14 % as
against all India figure of 25% for 2010-11 and is expected to reduce to 11.5%
for average of all mega cities against 15.3% for All India for year 2021-22.
The projections for growth of electricity demand and reduction on T&D losses
are since base on the developmental plans and other steps either already
initiated or programmed during next 5 years by concerned State utilities.
Therefore matching growth of infrastructure for augmentation of T&D network
and other measures etc. would be necessary for meeting the targets for
reduction in T&D losses as indicated in EPS.

Electric Power Survey


LUCKNOW
1. INTRODUCTION
Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh is situated at 123 mtrs above sea level and
generally lies between 26.30 & 27.10 North Latitude and 80.30 & 81.13 East
Longitude. Situated at the heart of Uttar Pradesh, Gomti River flows through the city,
dividing it in trans-gomti and cis-gomti regions. The main urban areas of Lucknow
are situated on the southern part of the river Gomti. As per provisional reports of
Census India, 2011, population of Lucknow was 28.15 Lakhs in year 2011. The area
of Lucknow under Municipal Corporation has increased from 146 Square Km in 1981
to 337 Sqaure Km in 1991. Due to the expansion of city limits the population density
decreased from 6904 persons per Sq. Km. in year 1981 to 4946 persons per Sq.
Km. in year 1991, but has again increased to 6653 persons per Sq. Km. in year 2001
due to higher rate of population growth.

1.1
Climate & Rainfall
The City has a humid subtropical climate with a cool dry winter from December to
February and a hot summer from April to June. The Temperature extremes vary from
about 45 degrees Celsius in the summer to 3 degrees Celsius in the winter. The city
receives about 100 cm of annual rainfall mostly from the South West monsoons
between July to September.

1.2
Industry and Economy
The city is growing rapidly in all directions but with a higher rate of growth along
Faizabad Road in the Trans Gomti area. With the radial growth of the city, the
cantonment area has gradually been engulfed and is presently more centrally
located.
There are three major industrial areas in the city namely Sarojini Nagar, Amausi &
Chinhat Industrial Area. In recent years, the city has witnessed a real estate boom
with a large number of private developers entering the market.
As a result of natural increase as well as large scale migrantion , the projected
population of Lucknow Urban agglomeration in year 2021 is expected to reach 45
Lakhs with an average annual growth rate of 5%.
According to the Master Plan 2021 of Lucknow city, there are provisions of more
land use for development activities related with recreation & transportation in
comparison to residential, commercial & Industrial activities.

2. POWER SCENARIO
The authority responsible for supplying electricity to the city is Madhyanchal Vidyut
Vitran Nigam Limited(MVVNL). As per data furnished by MVVNL for year 2010-11,
the total connected load of the city was 1750 MW where the total electricity
consumption of the city was 2929 MU. The city had an average annual growth of
7.4% in electricity consumption for the period 2003-04 to 2010-11.
The Peak Electric Demand of Lucknow City was 650 MW in the year 2010-11 and no
historical data was available with the concerned authorities. For the year 2010-11 the
Per Capita Electricity Consumption of Lucknow City was 1040 for U.P.
A map showing grid sub stations and transmission & distribution system of Lucknow
city is given at Appendix.-L

3. CONSULTATION WITH STATE UTILITIES /AUTHORITIES


During the course of electricity demand forecasting of Lucknow city, consultations
were made with concerned Uttar Pradesh Power Corporation Limited (UPPCL) &
Lucknow Electricity Supply Administration (LESA) to discuss the pattern of electricity
consumption for various categories and steps/measures initiated to assignment
distribution network and reduce T&D losses as well as programme of development of
infrastructure for 12th & 13th Plan which would have bearing on the growth of
electricity demand of the City.
The main points discussed during the meeting are outlined below:
T & D losses of a city primarily constitutes distribution losses were indicated to be
around 26% (for the year 2010-11). UPPCL & LESA indicated that gradual reduction
of T&D losses from 25% to 19% is proposed to be achieved by 2016-17 and are to
be brought down to 14% by 2021-22 as a result of implementation of RAPDRP.
No Special Economic Zone (SEZ) has been planned in and as on Lucknow for 12th
plan period.
The proposed Lucknow Metro that will have two corridors (North South Corridor &
East West Corridor) with a total length of 34 km. Metro project is scheduled to be
completed by 2016-17 with an expected annual energy requirement of 60-70 MU.
In respect of consumption in domestic category, the growth rates of 9% for 12th
plan & 13th plan period were suggested by state authorities.
Power Availability for Lucknow is presently sufficient to meet peak electric demand
with no scheduled power cuts.
Year 2010-11 is considered as base year for the studies.

4. SALIENT FEATURES OF GROWTH OF INFRASTRUCTURE


The infrastructure development projects which are proposed to be implemented
in Lucknow City by 2021 (as per Master Plan) and would have impact on growth
of electricity demand for various categories:

Lucknow Metro - The proposed Lucknow Metro with a total length of 34


Km.Metro project scheduled to be completed by 2016-17.

Gomti Nagar Housing Scheme & Gomti Nagar Extension Scheme.

Ashrayheen Yojna of over 8000 houses.

Housing colonies in South Eastern and Eastern parts of the city

Hardoi Road Residential Scheme.

With real estate boom, a large number of private sector developers have also
taken up its various projects to the city. The Electric Energy Requirement of the
city is therefore expected to increase tremendously because of rapid urbanization
coupled with increasing commercial and industrial development.

5. ELECTRICITY DEMAND PROJECTIONS


Based on the input data provided by UPPCL & LESA, consultations were made
regarding the factors governing the growth of infrastructure and electricity demand in
next 10 years and steps initiated/planned by State Authorities were analysed. The
main categories included in EPS are domestic, commercial, industrial. The
consumption as account of Public Lighting, Public Water Works, Irrigation, NonIndustrial & Railways have been clubbed separately and indicated as others.
As per EPS, the total electrical energy requirements of Lucknow city is estimated as
6505 MUs and 9075 MUs by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22)
respectively. The peak electric load requirements of Lucknow city are estimated as
1142 MW and 1594 MW by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22)
respectively. The total electricity consumption is expected to be of the order of 5269
MU by end of 12th plan and 7803 MU by end of 13th plan. The Transmission &
Distribution losses of Lucknow city are expected to reduce to 19% by end of 12th
plan and further to 14% by end of 13th plan.
The pattern of utilization of the electrical energy in 2010-11 indicates that the
domestic sector is the biggest consumer of electricity and contributes around 45%
followed by HT Industry Category (22%). The EPS results indicate that by end of 12th
plan, the utilization in domestic category is expected to decrease to 41% and
whereas increase to 29% in HT Industry category is anticipated. By end of 13th plan,
the utilization in domestic category is expected to slightly decrease to 39% and
increase likely to 34% in HT Industry category is envisaged.

The year-wise summary of the category wise forecast on EER, APEL, EEC and T&D
losses for 12th & 13th Plan period is given at Annexure-L-1.
The details of EPS results are discussed below:-

5.1

ELECTRICAL ENERGY REQUIREMENT

The total electrical energy requirement of the Lucknow City has been arrived by
adding T&D losses in the total electrical energy consumption at consumer level. The
total energy requirement of the city during the year 2010-11 was 4574 MUs which is
expected to increase to 5504 MUs and 9074 MUs for the year 2016-17 and 2021-22
respectively. The compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of energy requirement
around 8.63% and 6.88% during 12th & 13th plan respectively.
The pattern of actual growth of total of Lucknow City for period 2004-05 up to 201011 and projection up to 2021-22 is illustrated in Fig-L-1

ZDh

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

Fig-L-1 Electrical Energy Requirement in MUs

5.2 ANNUAL PEAK ELECTRIC LOAD


According to the data furnished by LESA, the Peak Electric Demand of City was 650
MW during 2010-11 and is expected to grow @ 9.85% and 6.88% during 12th and
13th plan respectively. As the result of the study of pattern of utilization of various
categories, the peak electric load is assesses to be 1142 MW and 1594 MW by the
end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan respectively. The year-wise likely
growth of Peak Electric Load of Lucknow during 12th & 13th Plan is shown in Fig-L-2.

W>Dt

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

Fig-L-2 Annual peak Load in MW

5.3

ANNUAL ELECTRIC ENERGY CONSUMPTION

The total electricity consumption of the city during the year 2010-11 was 2929
MUs and is expected to increase to 5269 MU and 7803 MU with the annual growth
rate of 10.29% & 8.17% during the year 2016-17 and 2021-22 respectively.
The category wise electricity consumption for period 2004-05 to 2010-11 (active) and
projection for 12th & 13th Plan period is indicated in Fig-L-3.

Dh

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z




&z

Fig-L-3-Category-wise Energy Consumption in MUs


From the utilisation pattern for the year 2010-11, it can be seen that the domestic
sector is the biggest consumer of electricity (45%) in the city followed by HT Industry
sector (22%). Energy consumption pattern in the domestic sector also varies widely
across various strata of society.
The city has shown tremendous growth in electricity consumption in HT Industry
Sector. As compared to 2003-04, connected load in HT Industry sector has jumped
up to six fold in 2010-11.In contrast to HT Industry sector, growth in LT Industry
Sector has been very negligible.
The pattern of electricity consumption for year 2010-11 and projection for period
everyday 12th & 13th Plan is illustrated in Fig-L-4


h

h

K

/



h
K

K

/






/







Fig-L-4 Electrical Enegry Consumption Pattern


The EPS results indicate that by end of 12th plan, the utilization in domestic category
is expected to decrease to 41% and increase to 29% in HT Industry category. By
end of 13th plan, the utilization in domestic category is expected to decrease to 39%
and increase to 34% in HT Industry category.
10

5.4

Transmission & Distribution Losses

Total Transmission and Distribution losses for Lucknow city were quite high during
past years. As per approved R-APDRP utilities having AT&C losses of more than
30% were to reduce AT&C losses by 3% per year and all utilities are expected to
reduce AT&C losses to 15% by 2012. It is seen that less than 1% reduction per year,
T&D losses for Lucknow city has been brought down from 31 % to 26 % only during
the time span of 2003-04 to 2010-11.
The T & D losses for Lucknow city during the year 2010-11 was 26% which is
expected to reduce to 19% and 14% by the end of 12th plan and 13th plan period
respectively.
The year wise likely pattern of reduction of T&D losses of Lucknow City is shown in
Fig-L-5.

d>

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

Fig-L-5 T&D Losses in Percentage

6. CATEGORY WISE FORECAST


6.1
DOMESTIC CATEGORY
The electrical energy consumption in domestic category was 1027 MUs and 1330
MUs during the year 2004-05 and 2010-11 respectively. Considering the past energy
consumption trends and keeping in view the probable impact of major development
plans proposed in the city, the numbers of consumers are expected to increase at
the rate of 3% per year during the 12th and 13th plan. As per EPS the consumption
for domestic category is assessed to be 2169 MU & 3042 MU by end of 12th & 13th
Plan respectively.
The energy consumption growth rate is of 9% and 7% during 12th and 13th plan
period respectively.
The year wise details of electric energy consumption in domestic category is given in
Fig-L-6.

11

 Dh

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

Fig-L-6 Energy Consumption in Domestic Category in MUs


6.2
COMMERCIAL
The electrical energy consumption in commercial category was 443 MUs and 501
MUs during the year 2004-05 and 2010-11 respectively. Considering the past energy
consumption trends and keeping in view the probable impact of major development
plans in energy consumption, the number of consumers are expected to increase at
the rate of 5% and 3% per year during the 12th and 13th plan respectively. The
specific energy consumption is expected to increase at the rate of 2.29% & 1.94%
per year during 12th and 13th plan period respectively. By end of 12th & 13th Plan the
consumption in commercial category is assessed to be 751MU & 959 MU
respectively.
The year wise growth of electricity consumption in commercial category is shown in
Fig-L-7.

 DDh

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

Fig-L-7 Energy Consumption in Commercial Category in MUs


The growth role 8% and 5% during 12th & 13th plan period respectively is envisaged
for electricity demand of commercial category in Lucknow.
12

6.3 INDUSTRIAL
The electrical energy consumption in industrial sector was 176 MUs and 701 MUs
during the year 2004-05 and 2010-11 respectively. The actual CAGR in industrial
sector (which includes (LT & HT industries) was 25.87%.
Energy consumption in industrial sector is estimated to be 1652 MUs and 2867 MUs
by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan respectively. The rate of growth
is 15.35% and 11.67% per year during the 12th and 13th plan period respectively for
industrial consumption.
The actual consumption for period 2004-05 to 2010-11 projection for 12th & 13th Plan
is shown in Fig-L-8.
 /Dh

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

Fig-L-8 Energy Consumption in Industrial Category in MUs


6.4
OTHERS (Public Lighting, PWW, Irrigation, Railways & Non Industrial)
The consumption in categories like public lighting, public water works, irrigation,
railways and non-industrial has been assessed separately. The total electrical
energy consumption in this category was 280 MUs and 397 MUs during the year
2004-05 and 2010-11 respectively. The actual CAGR in these sectors was around
5.97%. Electrical Energy Consumption in these sectors will be 697 MUs and 936
MUs by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan period respectively which
is expected to increase at the rate of 9.84% and 6.07% per year during the 12th and
13th plan period respectively. The higher growth rate considered for 12th plan in this
category is primarily due to development as per Master Plan and proposed.
The year wise consumption details actual upto 2004-05 for 2010-11 and projects for
12th & 13th Plan is illustrated in Fig-L-9.

 KDh

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

Fig-L-6 Energy Consumption in Domestic Category in MUs

13

7. CONCLUSION
Lucknow, capital of Uttar Pradesh state is a fast growing city with its population of
about 2.81million as per 2011 census. The forecast of the city has been prepared by
broadly considering the various development plans which may takes place in future
and its impacts on different categories of Load for the 12th and 13th Plan Period.
The percentage share of utilization of Energy consumption for different categories of
Load for the year 2021-22 are Domestic50.68%, Commercial & Miscellaneous
17.52%, Industries19.68% and others11.99%.
The total Energy requirement for the Uttar Pradesh as a whole for the year 2010 -11
was 76292 MUs, whereas Lucknow Energy Requirement is 4574 MUs which is
5.18% of States requirement. The total Energy requirement for the Uttar Pradesh as
a whole for the year 2016 -17 is estimated as138854 MUs ( as per 18th EPS),
whereas Lucknow Energy Requirement is 6796 MUs which is 4.7% of States
requirement. The total Energy requirement for the Uttar Pradesh as a whole for the
year 2021 -22 is estimated as 209046 MUs ( as per 18th EPS), whereas Lucknow
Energy Requirement is 9074MUs which is 4.34 % of States requirement.
The Peak Load for the Uttar Pradesh as a whole for the year 2010 -11 was 11082
MW, whereas Lucknow Peak Load is 700 MW which is 5.86% of States Peak Load.
The Peak Load for the Uttar Pradesh as a whole for the year 2016 -17 is estimated
as23081 MW, whereas Lucknow Peak Load is 1118 MW which is 5% of States
Peak Load. The Peak Load for the Uttar Pradesh as a whole for the year 2021 -22 is
estimated as 36061 MW, whereas Lucknow Peak Load is1594 MW which is 4.4% of
States Peak Load.
The T & D Loss percentage for the Uttar Pradesh as a whole for the year 2010 -11
was 31.55% and estimated figures for 2016-17 and 2021-22 are 22% and17%
respectively, whereas for Lucknow T & D Loss percentage for the year 2010-11 was
26% and estimated figures for the year 2016-17 and 2021-22 are 19% and14%
respectively. The estimates for T& D Losses have been made after considering the
various measures planned by Madhyanchal Vidyut Vitran Nigam Limited to curtail
the T& D Losses for Lucknow.
To achieve the growth of electricity demand and electricity consumption as projected
in the report, the state utilities and other concern organisations would need to
formulate the matching action plan to implement the polices /programmes during the
12th plan period.

14

Appendix-L

Power Map of Lucknow City

15

16

Wh
Category
Domestic
Comm.
Industries
Others
Total

2010-11
50.11
17.44
20.71
11.73
100.00

2011-12
49.80
17.33
20.83
12.04
100.00

2012-13
49.60
17.26
21.00
12.14
100.00

2013-14
49.39
17.19
21.17
12.25
100.00

2014-15
49.43
17.21
21.34
12.03
100.00

2015-16
49.46
17.22
21.50
11.82
100.00

Dh
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16


Domestic

Commercial & Misc.

Public lighting

Public Water Works

Irrigation

Industries LT

Industries HT

Railway traction

Bulk Supply
Total (Energy

Consumption)

T&D losses -MU

T&D losses -in %

Energy Requirement - MU

A
dF
t -%
Annuall L
Load
Factor

Peak Load - MW

2016-17
49.20
17.13
21.17
12.50
100.00

2016-17
48.90
17.02
21.41
12.66
100.00

2017-18

2016-17

2017-18
49.59
17.26
20.78
12.37
100.00

2018-19

2018-19
49.96
17.39
20.40
12.24
100.00

2019-20


  
  
 
 

  


2019-20
50.34
17.52
20.02
12.12
100.00

2020-21



2020-21
50.68
17.64
19.68
11.99
100.00

2021-22

Electric Power Survey


KANPUR CITY
1. INTRODUCTION
Kanpur, a one of the largest cities of Uttar Pradesh (U.P.), is situated on the southern
bank of the River Ganga and has area of 500 Km2. The population of city is around
27.67 Lakhs (as per provisional reports of Census 2011). With the average annual
growth rate 3.9%, the population of Kanpur City is expected to be around 40.58 lakhs
by 2021.
1.1.
Climate & Rainfall
The city experiences severe fog during the months of December and January,
resulting in massive traffic and travel delays. In summer excessive dry heat is
accompanied by dust storms and Loo. Rains appear between July and September in
monsoon season and some rainfall is also recorded during the harvest season of
MarchApril. The average rainfall recorded in the city is 885 mm. The climate is of
tropical nature and temperature variation generally ranges from 20C to 480C during
winter to summer season. Its climate is characterised by hot summer and dryness
except in the south west monsoon season.
1.2
Industry and Economy
Being the main centre of commercial and industrial activities, it is also called
commercial capital of the state. There are many heavy and medium scale industries
located in the City which are engaged in the production of defence items, industrial
machines, LML (Two Wheelers), leather and textile. Ten main industrial areas of
Kanpur City are Panki Industrial Area, Dada Nagar Co-operative Industrial Estate,
Govt. industrial Estate (Fazalganj )Shikshit Berojgar Industrial Area, Uptron industrial
Estate , Rooma Industrial Area, Kanpur Mahayojna, Jajmau,Saresh Bagh & Fazalganj.
Apart from leather and textile industry, fertilizer, chemicals, soaps, Pan Masala,
hosiery and engineering industries are also located in the city. In recent years,
investments in industries have gone down in the city due to shifting of tanneries and
closure of sick textile units.

2. POWER SCENARIO
Kanpur Electricity Supply Company Ltd.(KESCo) formerly known as Kanpur Electricity
Supply Authority (KESA) was formed on 14 January 2000 under U.P. Electricity reform
act 1999. This company is registered for distribution of electricity in the area under
Kanpur City (Urban). According to geographic condition the complete region of around
500 Km2.Kanpur Nagar Nigam is decided as the work area of KESCo. Boundaries of
above KESCo region are upto river Ganga in North, upto river Pandu in South, upto
I.I.T. campus in West and upto villages of Chakari in East.
KESCo is serving around 700 bulk consumers and 4,35,000 other consumers of
domestic, commercial and power categories. They are connected to grid through 66
no. 33 KV substations and 340 no. 11 KV feeders after receiving electricity from 7
transmission substation of 220 KV and 132 KV of U.P. Power Transmission

17

Corporation Ltd. KESCo has installed total 146 power transformers (capacity 935
MVA) and 3215 distribution transformers in its distribution network.
The total electricity consumption of the city was 2130 MU in year 2010-11. The
average annual growth of electricity consumption was 6.75% for the period 2003-04 to
2010-11. The Peak Electricity Demand of Kanpur City was 550 MW in the year 201011.
A map showing Divisions of KESCo and respective numbers of consumers is given at
Appendix-K.

3. CONSULTATION WITH STATE UTILITIES /AUTHORITIES


For the purpose of EPS of Kanpur city, the input data pertaining to electrical energy
requirements, electric energy consumption, peak electric load and T&D losses etc.
were obtained from KESCo. Consultations were also made with concerned state
utilities of U.P. viz. Uttar Pradesh Power Corporation Limited (UPPCL) & KESCo to
discuss the programme for development of infrastructure, reduction in T&D losses and
steps initiated for improvement of energy efficiency and other details work out the
forecast of electrical energy requirements.
The main points discussed during the consultation with the state utilities are outlined
below:
x

AT&C loss are very high and were around 29% and it is one of the biggest
challenges of revenue realisation. The T&D losses of the city primarily
constitute distribution losses which were indicated to be about 27.6% (for the
year 2010-11). KESCo indicated that gradual reduction of T&D losses to 19% is
proposed to be achieved by 2016-17. Further expected to bring down T&D
losses to 15% by 2021-22 as a result of implementation of RAPDRP.

No Special Economic Zone (SEZ) has been planned during12th plan period in
and around Kanpur city.

The State Authorities suggested that growth rate of 8% for 12th plan & 13th
plan period could be adopted to estimate the projection for electricity
consumption in domestic category.

The historical data of Peak electric demand for the city was not available with
KESCO and the latest available data was for peak demand for 2010-11 was
550 MW.

The gap between energy demand and supply is constantly rising in Kanpur and
load shedding for 4 to 5 hours per day are being observed as per information
given by UPPCL.

The areas around the city which are presently under various stage of
development are yet to be provided with street lighting facilities.

4. SALIENT FEATURES OF GROWTH OF INFRASTRUCTURE


As per the master plan 2021, provision for inner and outer ring road, new terminals,
vegetable and grain market and development of new colonies in close proximity to
commercial hub has been proposed. Kanpur Development Authority is also planning
to develop additional 33.7 Km2 area for growth of the city and the following projects
are proposed for development by 2021:

18

Hi Tech City spread over 5000 acres including 1800 acres by Sahara.

2500 acres area for development of New Kanpur City towards Bithoor Road.

Two housing projects of Uttar Pradesh Housing Board in 1350 acres and
1500 acres towards Western side of Kanpur.

5. ELECTRICITY DEMAND PROJECTIONS


The input data provided by UPPCL and KESCo were studied for carrying out EPS of
Kanpur. Subsequently, consultations were made with concerned State utilities
regarding the factors governing the growth of infrastructure and electricity demand in
next 10 years. The impact of steps initiated/planned by utilities were strengthening of
distribution network, improvement of energy efficiency were also broadly kept in view
for carrying out EPS of Kanpur.
As per EPS, the total electrical energy requirements of Kanpur city is estimated to be
4023 MUs and 5131 MUs by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22)
respectively. The peak electric load requirements of Kanpur city are estimated as
765MW and 976MW by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22)
respectively. The total electricity consumption is expected to be of the order of 3259
MU by end of 12th plan and 4361 MU by end of 13th plan. The T&D losses of Kanpur
city could be brought down to 19% by end of 12th plan and further reduced gradually
to 15% by end of 13th plan.
The pattern of utilization of the electrical energy in 2010-11 indicates that the domestic
sector is major consumer of electricity and accounts for 51% of total electricity
consumption followed by Industrial category is 33%, commercial category 12% and
balance 5% is consumed by others such as Public water works, street lighting and
irrigation. The EPS results indicate that by end of 12th plan, the utilization in domestic
category is expected to remain at 50% whereas share in commercial category
consumption is likely to remain at 12%. More or less, same consumption pattern is
likely to continue during 13th plan period.
Annex-K-I indicate the category wise/year wise summary of electricity consumption,
T&D losses, electric energy requirement, peak load and pattern of utilization for 12th &
13th plan period.
The details of EPS results are discussed below:5.1 ENERGY REQUIREMENT
The total electrical energy requirement of the Kanpur City has been arrived by adding
T&D losses in the total electrical energy consumption at consumer level and by
applying suitable growth rates. The slightly higher rate of growth in the domestic,
commercial and industrial category has been considered to wipe out the present
shortage in the city.
The total energy requirement of the city during the year 2010-11 was 2942 MUs which
is expected to increase to 4023 MUs and 5131 MUs for the year 2016-17 and 2021-22
respectively. The compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of energy requirement
would be around 5.36% and 4.9% during 12th & 13th plan respectively.
The year-wise pattern of growth in electrical energy requirements for 12th & 13th Plan
period is shown in Fig K-1.

19

ElectricalEnergyRequirement(MUs)
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
Series1

FY11

FY12

FY13

FY14

FY15

FY16

FY17

FY18

FY19

FY20

FY21

FY22

2942

3046

3269

3508

3672

3843

4023

4213

4412

4621

4840

5131

Fig K-1: Electrical Energy Requirement in MU


5.2 PEAK ELECTRIC LOAD
According to the data furnished by KESCo, the Peak Demand of City was 550 MW
during 2010-11 and is expected to grow @ 5.6% and 4.9 % during 12th and 13th plan
respectively. As the result of the study of pattern of utilization of various categories
and the present shortage in the city, the peak electric load is likely to be of the order of
765 MW and 976 MW by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan
respectively.
The year wise growth of peak electric load of Kanpur city during 12th & 13th is
illustrated in Fig K-2.

AnnualElectricPeakLoad(MW)
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
Series1

FY11

FY12

FY13

FY14

FY15

FY16

FY17

FY18

FY19

FY20

FY21

FY22

550

580

622

667

699

731

765

802

839

879

921

976

Fig K-2: Peak Electrical Load in MW


5.3

ELECTRICAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION

The total electricity consumption of the Kanpur city during the year 2010-11 was 2130
MUs which is expected to increase to 3259 MU and 4361 MU with the annual growth
rate of 7.35% & 6% by the end of the year 2016-17 and 2021-22 respectively.
The study of the pattern of electricity consumption for the year 2010-11 as furnished
by KESCo revealed that major part i.e. 96% of total electricity consumption is on
account of Domestic, Commercial and Industrial categories and the remaining 4% is

20

contributed by other categories like Public Lighting, Public Water Works, Irrigation,
Railways & Non Industrial (bulk consumers). Therefore, EPS covers consumption
forecast for four categories viz. Domestic, Commercial, Industrial and others which
include Public Lighting, Public Water Works, Irrigation, Railways & Non Industrial (bulk
consumers).
The category wise growth in electricity consumption as per EPS is illustrated in Fig K-3
5000
4500
4000
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0

CategorywiseEnergyConsumption(MU)

FY11

FY12

FY13

FY14

FY15

FY16

FY17

FY18

FY19

FY20

FY21

Others

98

106

116

126

134

142

150

159

169

179

190

FY22
201

Industries

705

775

853

938

994

1054

1117

1184

1255

1330

1410

1495

Comm.

253

273

295

319

338

358

380

403

427

453

480

508

Domestic

1074

1160

1253

1353

1434

1520

1612

1708

1811

1920

2035

2157

Fig K-3:Category wise Energy in MU


The study of utilisation pattern for the year 2010-11shows that the domestic sector is
the biggest consumer of electricity (51%) in the city followed by industry sector (33%).
As already discussed in para 1.2 most of the yesterdays industries are sick now and
at present mostly small and medium sector industries are flourishing. Commercial
consumption is around 12% .
The consumption pattern for various sectors as on 2010-11 and as envisaged
by end of 12th plan & 13th plan is illustrated in Fig K-4.


Utilisationfor200910

Utilisationfor201617

Others,4.
58
Industries
,33.09

Utilisationfor202122

Others,4
.62
Domestic,
50.44

Comm.,1
1.89

Industrie
s,34.27

Others,4
.62
Domestic
,49.45

Comm.,1
1.66

Industrie
s,34.27

Domestic
,49.45

Comm.,1
1.66

Fig K-4:Consumption Pattern


5.4

T& D LOSSES

The T&D losses for Kanpur city remain high during past years. As per approved RAPDRP, utilities having AT&C losses of more than 30% should achieve reduction of
AT&C losses at the rate of 3% per year and all utilities are expected to bring down
AT&C losses to 15%. However, reduction in AT&C losses are less than 2% per year
from 2003-04 to 2010-11. T&D losses for Kanpur city have reduced from 43 % to
27.61 % only.

21

The T & D losses for Kanpur during the year 2010-11 was 27.61% which is expected
to reduce to 19% and 15% by the end of 12th plan and 13th plan period respectively.
The year wise pattern of reduction in T&D losses envisaged as per EPS is indicated in
Fig K-5.

Transmission&DistributionLosses(%)
30.00
25.00
20.00
15.00
10.00
5.00
0.00
Series1

FY11

FY12

FY13

FY14

FY15

FY16

FY17

FY18

FY19

FY20

FY21

FY22

27.61

24.00

23.00

22.00

21.00

20.00

19.00

18.00

17.00

16.00

15.00

15.00

Fig K-5: T&D Losses in Percentage

6. CATEGORY WISE FORECAST


6.1
DOMESTIC CATEGORY
Considering the trend of past electric energy consumption and the likely impact of
major development plans proposed in the city, the growth rate of 7% and 6% per year
has been adopted to assess the energy consumption in 12th & 13th Plan period. The
growth rate in number of consumers is assumed to be 5% for the next 10 years
respectively. The actual growth of electric energy consumption 2004-05 to 2010-11
and projected growth in 12th & 13th Plan period is indicated in Fig K-6.

EnergyConsumption Domestic(MUs)
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
Series1

FY11

FY12

FY13

FY14

FY15

FY16

FY17

FY18

FY19

FY20

FY21

FY22

1074

1160

1253

1353

1434

1520

1612

1708

1811

1920

2035

2157

Fig K-6: Electric energy consumption in Domestic Category

22

6.2
COMMERCIAL
Considering the past energy consumption trends and keeping in view the probable
impact of major development plans in energy consumption, the number of consumers
in commercial category is assumed to increase at the rate of 8% and 6% per year
during the 12th and 13th plan respectively. The specific energy consumption is
expected to increase at the rate of 3% per year during 12th and 13th plan period. The
energy consumption would grow by 7% and 6% during 12th & 13th plan period
respectively which includes the impact of important development projects. The pattern
of growth of electrical energy consumption from 2010-11 and projection for 12th & 13th
Plan period are indicated in Fig K-7.

EnergyConsumption Commercial&Misc.(MUs)
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
Series1

FY11

FY12

FY13

FY14

FY15

FY16

FY17

FY18

FY19

FY20

FY21

253

273

295

319

338

358

380

403

427

453

480

Fig K-7: Electric energy consumption in Commercial Category


6.3
INDUSTRIAL
The electrical energy consumption in industrial sector was 333 MUs and 704 MUs
during the year 2004-05 and 2010-11 respectively. The actual CAGR in industrial
sector (which including (LT & HT industries) was 13.32%. Keeping in view the present
infrastructural development in the Kanpur city in near future, the higher growth has
been adopted to cope up with the proposed development activities.
Energy consumption in industrial sector is projected to be 1117 MUs and 1495MUs by
the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan respectively which is expected to
be increase at the rate of 8% and 6% per year during the 12th and 13th plan period
respectively. The consumption pattern in industrial category 2004-05 to 2010-11
actual and projection for 12th & 13th Plan is indicated in Fig K-8.

EnergyConsumption Industrial(MUs)
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
Series1

FY11

FY12

FY13

FY14

FY15

FY16

FY17

FY18

FY19

FY20

FY21

FY22

705

775

853

938

994

1054

1117

1184

1255

1330

1410

1495

Fig K-8: Electric energy consumption in Commercial Category

23

6.4 OTHERS (Public Lighting, PWW, Irrigation, Railways & Non Industrial)
The electrical energy consumption in OTHERS category was 76 MUs and 98 MUs
during the year 2004-05 and 2010-11 respectively and the CAGR for this period was
around 4.25%. Electrical Energy Consumption in this category is estimated to be
150MUs and 201 MUs by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan period
respectively. The growth rate is expected to 8% and 6% per year during the 12th and
13th plan period respectively. The actual pattern of electrical energy consumption in
these categories for period 2004-05 to 2010-11 and projection for 12th & 13th Plan
period are indicated in Fig K-9.

EnergyConsumption Others(MUs)
250
200
150
100
50
0
Series1

FY11

FY12

FY13

FY14

FY15

FY16

FY17

FY18

FY19

FY20

FY21

FY22

98

106

116

126

134

142

150

159

169

179

190

201

Fig K-9: Electric energy consumption in OTHERS Category

7. CONCLUSION
The Electricity Demand forecast of the city has been prepared by considering the
pattern of growth of electricity consumption, steps/measures initiated for improvement
of distribution network resulting in reduction in T&D losses and impact on growth of
electricity demand on account of various plans for infrastructure development during
the 12th and 13th Plan Period have also been broadly kept in view for studies. As per
EPS, the percentage share of utilization of Energy consumption for different
categories of Load for the year 2021-22 are likely to be Domestic(49%) ,
Commercial(12%) , Industries(34% ) and others(5%). As per 18th EPS Report Vol-I,
the total Energy requirement for the U.P. as a whole for the year 2010 -11 was 76292
MUs, whereas Energy Requirement of Kanpur is 2942 MUs which is 3.85% of States
requirement. The total Energy requirement for the Uttar Pradesh as a whole for the
year 2016 -17 is estimated as 138854 MUs whereas Kanpur Energy Requirement is
4023 MUs which is 2.89% of States requirement. The total Energy requirement for the
U.P. as a whole for the year 2021 -22 is estimated as 209046 MUs (as per 18th EPS),
whereas Kanpur Energy Requirement is 5131 MUs which is 2.45% of States
requirement.
The Peak Electric Load for the U.P. as a whole for the year 2010 -11 was 11082 MW,
whereas Kanpur Peak Load is 550 MW which is 4.96% of States Peak Load. The
Peak Load for the U.P. as a whole for the year 2016 -17 is estimated as 23081 MW,
whereas Peak Electrical Load of Kanpur is 765MW which is 3.3% of States Peak
Load. The Peak Load for the U.P. as a whole for the year 2021 -22 is estimated as

24

36061 MW, whereas Kanpur Peak Load is 976 MW which is 2.7% of States Electric
Peak Load. The T & D Loss percentage for the Utter Pradesh as a whole for the year
2010 -11 was 31.55% and estimated figures for 2016-17 and 2021-22 are22%
and17% respectively, whereas Kanpur T & D Loss percentage for the year 2010-11
was 28% and estimated figures for the year 2016-17 and 2021-22 are19% and15%
respectively. The estimates for T& D Losses have been made after considering the
various measures planned by KESCO to curtail the T& D Losses for Kanpur.
To achieve the growth of electricity demand and electricity consumption as projected
in the report, the state utilities and other concern organisations would need to
formulate the matching action plan to implement the polices /programmes during the
12th plan period.

25

Appendix-K

Map showing Divisions of KESCo and respective numbers of consumers




















26

27

Wh
Category
Domestic
Comm.
Industries
Others
Total

2010-11
50.44
11.89
33.09
4.58
100.00

2011-12
50.11
11.81
33.48
4.59
100.00

2012-13
49.78
11.74
33.88
4.61
100.00

2013-14
49.45
11.66
34.27
4.62
100.00

2014-15
49.45
11.66
34.27
4.62
100.00

2015-16
49.45
11.66
34.27
4.62
100.00

Dh
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16


Domestic

Commercial & Misc.

Public lighting

Public Water Works

Irrigation

Industries LT

Industries HT

Railway traction

Bulk Supply
Total (Energy

Consumption)

T&D losses -MU

T&D losses -in %

Energy Requirement - MU

A
dF
t -%
Annuall L
Load
Factor

Peak Load - MW

2016-17
49.45
11.66
34.27
4.62
100.00

2016-17
49.45
11.66
34.27
4.62
100.00

2017-18

2016-17

2017-18
49.45
11.66
34.27
4.62
100.00

2018-19

2018-19
49.45
11.66
34.27
4.62
100.00

2019-20


  
  
 
 

  


2019-20
49.45
11.66
34.27
4.62
100.00

2020-21

2020-21
49.45
11.66
34.27
4.62
100.00

2021-22



Electric Power Survey


JAIPUR CITY
1. INTRODUCTION
Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan lies generally between 26 55 N latitude and 75
49E longitude. Nahargarh hills and Jhalana which is a part of Aravalli hills ranges
lie in North & Eastern side of Jaipur. The city is in the northwest Indian plains,
which mostly sandy and barren soil, at an altitude of 430 meters. The slope of the
city is from North to South and then to South East. The present urbanisable area
of Jaipur covers a total of 541 Sq. Km. As per provisional reports of Census of
India, population of Jaipur in 2011 was 30.73 lakhs. and is increasing at a rate of
4.5% per annum.
1.1 Climate & Rainfall
The city has dry climate with hot season and has a semi arid climate with annual
mean rainfall of 673.9 mm. Winter season starts from December and last till
February followed by hot season which continues up to middle of June. During
which temperature can go as high as 49 degree Celsius.
1.2 Industry and Economy
Jaipur is a centre for both traditional and modern industries and is fast
transforming into services industry hub. There are six major industrial areas in the
city namely Vishwakarma Industrial Area, Jhotwara, Kanakpura and Bindayaka in
the North West, Sitapura and Sanganer industrial areas towards the south of the
city and Malviya Industrial area towards South East. Apart from major industries,
unorganized industries are also concentrated around the city. The household
industry of stone cutting & polishing, blue pottery also exist in the walled city of
Jaipur.
During the last few decades, the direction of growth has remained largely along
the southwest to northwest axis, mainly due to the presence of hills in the
northern and eastern side of the city, which act as natural barriers to the
expansion of the city.The planned growth of urban areas around the city has not
kept pace with population growth and has resulted in a huge urban sprawl. It is
imperative that satellite towns are created to stem the bi-directional growth and to
ensure provision of adequate infrastructure and services.
The city has the distinction of being amongst one of the earliest planned and is
also amongst fastest grouping cities of India. Jaipur has strong trading &
commerce roots due to its proximity to Delhi and excellent connectivity with the
rest of India, and its status as a natural entry-point to the other towns & cities in
Rajasthan.The proximity of Jaipur to Delhi & Agra and its rich cultural heritage
makes it a major node on the travel map in India as part of the Golden Triangle.

28

2. POWER SCENARIO
The electric power requirement of Rajasthan as well as the Jaipur City is met by
Jaipur Vidyut Utpadan & Prasaran Nigam Limited (JVUPNL) whereas Jaipur
Vidyut Vitran Nigam Limited (JVVNL) has the responsibility of power distribution
in Jaipur City. The city is have 220 kV, 132 kV, 33 kV grid sub stations and
associated distribution network.
The total electric consumption of the city was 3139 MU in year 2010-11. During
the last five years, the city has observed more or less steady annual growth rate
of 9 10 % in terms of electrical energy consumption. The Peak Demand of
Jaipur City was 695 MW in the year 2010-11.
A map showing grid sub stations and transmission & distribution system of Jaipur
city is given at Appendix-J.

3. CONSULTATION WITH STATE UTILITIES /AUTHORITIES


For the purpose of conducting EPS of Jaipur, consultations were held with
representative of JVUPNL and JVVNL on 4th January 2012 and 27th March 2012.
The input data furnished by the JVUPNL in Jan.,2012 was analyzed and the
queries to the observation were clarified by State Utilities. The main points
related to the historical data regarding consumption of electricity in various
categories, programme of reduction in T&D losses, strengthening of T&D
network, programme of construction of new sub stations and development of
infrastructure having bearing on the electricity demand etc. were discussed.
Apart from other details/information, RVVNL furnished the list of 220/132 kV
substation proposed to be established in foreseeable future. The programme for
development of infrastructure which would have bearing on the electricity demand
on various categories of consumption as indicated in Master Plan 2025 was also
broadly taken into consideration studied for the purpose of EPS. As per the
Master Plan, the power demand by end of 12th plan is anticipated to be 1329 MW.
The details of peak power demand by end of 12th, 13th & 14th plan & CAGR is
given in Table below:Year
Demand
CAGR
Present demand
650 MW
2011-12
936 MW
(FY-10 to FY-12): 20%
2016-17
2329 MW
(FY-12 to FY-17): 20%
2021-22
4105 MW
(FY-17 to FY-22): 12%
2029-30
7579 MW
(FY-22 to FY-30): 8%
Over all CAGR (FY-10 to FY-30)
(FY-10 to FY-30): 13%
Keeping in view the pattern of the likely growth of the city and upcoming
infrastructural plan, the above projections in respect of peak power requirements
are very high. The electricity demand projection as per assessment of CEA are
discussed in subsequent sections of the report.

29

4. SALIENT FEATURES OF GROWTH OF INFRASTRUCTURE


The Infrastructural development as proposed in Master Plan 2025 of Jaipur City
are outlined below:

Metro - Two corridors ( Corridor-I of length 23 km in East West Direction


and Corridor-II of length 11.57 Km in North South Diection) with total of 29
stations. It is scheduled to be completed in two phases. First Phase will be
completed in 2014 with expected energy requirement of 124 MU and
second phase in 2017 with additional 43 MU energy requirement.

Special Economy Zone The Special Economic Zone spread over 2500
acres located close to the proposed Ring Road, near Bhankrota on Jaipur
Ajmer Road. The SEZ is to contain dedicated zones for IT/ ITeS,
manufacturing, warehousing, logistics, special zones for auto and auto
components and institutions to cater for the demand arising out of
processing zone and Inland container depot. The project timeline is 5
years.
Rapid Transport System -The Ring Road development corridor of 125 Km
to create infrastructure to meet growing needs of urbanization. The project
involves development of a 360m wide corridor with expressway, service
roads and a public transportation. BRTS Provision is incorporated as a
part of it.

Residential development scheme for Prithvi Raj Nagar area, Green City
and Heritage city of new Jaipur.

Additional Industrial area planned to be developed by RIICO 177 hectare


area to the East of Diggi Malpura Road ( sector 60 ) , 206 hectare area to
the East of Diggi Malpura Road ( Sector 57 ) & 170 hectare area to the
North of the city in proximity to C bypass and Transport Nagar.

5. ELECTRICITY DEMAND PROJECTIONS


As already discussed in Section 5 of report, the input data provided by JVUPNL
and JVVNL was examined followed by consultations with state utilities regarding
the factors governing the growth of infrastructure and expected electricity demand
in next 10 years and steps initiated/planned for meeting the power requirements
matching with development of infrastructure. The EPS of Jaipur city has been
undertaken after taking into consideration the above aspects.
As per EPS, the total electrical energy requirements of Jaipur city is estimated as
6743 MUs and 10683 MUs by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22)
respectively. The peak electric load requirements of Jaipur city are estimated as
1329 MW and 2103 MW by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22)
respectively. The total electricity consumption is likely to be of the order of
6023MU by end of 12th plan and 9553MU by end of 13th plan. The Transmission

30

& Distribution losses of Jaipur city are expected to be brought down to 10.68% by
end of 12th plan and further reduced gradually to 10.58% by end of 13th plan as a
results of steps/measures initiated/programmed by state utilities.
The study of pattern of utilization of the electrical energy for 2010-11 indicates
that the domestic sector is the biggest consumer of electricity in the city (39%)
and being an industrial town, consumption of electricity in this sector is also very
high (28%). It is followed by Commercial sector is the next one consuming about
19 % of electricity. The EPS results indicate that by end of 12th plan, the utilization
in domestic category is expected to slightly decrease to 37%. The electricity
Consumption pattern is likely to remain more or less same during 13th plan also.
The category wise/year wise details of the electricity consumption, T&D losses,
electric energy requirement, peak load and pattern of utilization for 12th & 13th plan
period is given at Annexure J-1.
The brief details of the results of Jaipur City are discussed below:5.1 ENERGY REQUIREMENT

The total electrical energy requirement of the Jaipur City has been arrived by
adding T&D losses in the total electrical energy consumption at consumer level.
The total energy requirement of the city during the year 2010-11 was 3519 MUs
which is expected to increase to 6743 MUs and 10683 MUs for the year 2016-17
and 2021-22 respectively. The compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of
energy requirement would be around 11.44% and 9.64% during 12th & 13th plan
respectively.

ZDh

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

Fig-J-1: Electrical Energy requirement in MUs


5.2 PEAK ELECTRIC LOAD

According to the data furnish by JVUPNL and JVVNL, the Peak Demand of City
was 695 MW during 2010-11 and as per EPS, the same is expected to grow. As

31

the result of the study of pattern of utilization of various categories, the peak
electric load will be 1329 MW and 2103 MW by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th
(2021-22) plan respectively.

W>Dt

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

Fig-J-2: Annual Electric Peak Load in MW


5.3

ENERGY CONSUMPTION

As per inputs proposed by state utilities, the total electricity consumption of the
Jaipur city during the year 2010-11 was 3139 MUs which is expected to
increase to 6023 MU and 9553 MU with the annual growth rate of 11.47% &
9.67% during the year 2016-17 and 2021-22 respectively.

Dh

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

Fig-J-3: Category-wise Energy Consumption in MUs

From the utilisation pattern for the year 2010-11, it can be seen that that the
domestic sector is the biggest consumer of electricity in the city (39%).Being an
industrial town, consumption of electricity in this sector is also very high (28%).
Commercial sector is the next one consuming about 19 % of electricity.

32

The pattern of electricity consumption during 2010-11 as furnished by state


authorities and expected pattern by end of 12th & 13th plan is given below:
h

K

/


h

h

K

/




K







/





Fig-J-4: Utilisation Pattern of Electrical Energy


5.4

TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION LOSSES

T & D losses of Jaipur City were indicated to be about 17.93% in 2004-05 and the
target level of state utilities is to bring it down to about 10.58% by 2021-22. The
following schemes were planned to achieve this target and implementation of
same have been taken up in 2008-09:

Segregation of Urban and Rural feeder.


Commission of 11 KV Overhead line to Underground line.
Installing 11/0.4 KV distribution transformers thus developing LT less
system.
Conversion of LT line to ABC thus reducing theft & improving losses.
Changing of obsolete service line by armoured cable.
Changing defective single phase and three phase meters so that energy is
recorded properly.
Installation of separate transformer like FRP for agriculture consumers to
metered consumers by converting flat rate consumers to metered
consumers.
The above schemes are being implemented in phased manner by awarding Turn
Key contract. As a result of this, the T&D losses have already followed declining
trend and the losses in 2011-12 are 10.78 % which are proposed to bring down to
level of 10.68% & 10.58% by the end of 12th plan and 13th plan period respectively.

d>

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

Fig-J-5: T&D Losses in Percentage

33

6. CATEGORY WISE FORECAST


(A) DOMESTIC CATEGORY

As per input data made available to CEA for the purpose of EPS, the electrical
energy consumption in domestic category was 704 MUs and 1220 MUs during
the year 2004-05 and 2010-11 respectively. Considering the past energy
consumption trends and keeping in view the probable impact of major
development plans proposed in the city, the numbers of consumers are expected
to increase at the rate of 8% & 6% per year during the 12th and 13th plan
respectively.

 Dh

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

Fig-J-6: Energy Consumption in Domestic Category in MUs

The energy consumption is expected to increase at the rate of 11.32% and


10.16% during 12th and 13th plan period respectively.
(B) COMMERCIAL

The electrical energy consumption in commercial category was 332 MUs and 584
MUs during the year 2004-05 and 2010-11 respectively. Considering the past
energy consumption trends and keeping in view the probable impact of major
development plans in energy consumption, the number of consumers are
expected to increase at the rate of 10% and 8% per year during the 12th and 13th
plan respectively.

 DDh

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

Fig-J-7: Energy Consumption in Commercial Category in MUs

34

The energy consumption would grow by 13.31% and 10% during 12th & 13th plan
period respectively which includes the impact of important development projects.
(C) INDUSTRIAL

The electrical energy consumption in industrial sector was 543 MUs and 890 MUs
during the year 2004-05 and 2010-11 respectively. The actual CAGR in industrial
sector (which including (LT & HT industries) was 8.58%. Keeping in view the
present infrastructural development in the Jaipur city in near future, the higher
growth has been adopted to cope up with the proposed development activities.

 /Dh

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

Fig-J-8: Energy Consumption in Industrial Category in MUs

Energy consumption in industrial sector will be 1496 MUs and 2270 MUs by the
end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan respectively which is expected to be
increase at the rate of 9.04% and 8.69% per year during the 12th and 13th plan
period respectively.
(D) OTHERS (Public Lighting, PWW, Irrigation, Railways & Non Industrial)

Categories included in others are public lighting, public water works, irrigation,
railways and non-industrial.The electrical energy consumption in others was 209
MUs and 446 MUs during the year 2004-05 and 2010-11 respectively. The actual
CAGR in these sectors was around 13.48%. Electrical Energy Consumption in
these sectors will be 970 MUs and 1529 MUs by the end of 12th (2016-17) and
13th (2021-22) plan period respectively which is expected to increase at the rate
of 12.60% and 6.97% per year during the 12th and 13th plan period respectively.

 KDh

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

Fig-J-9: Energy Consumption in Others Category in MUs

35

7. CONCLUSION
The Electricity Demand forecast of the city has been prepared by considering the
pattern of growth of electricity consumption, steps/measures initiated for
improvement of distribution network resulting in reduction in T&D losses and
impact on growth of electricity demand on account of various plans for
infrastructure development during the 12th and 13th Plan Period have also been
broadly kept in view for studies. As per EPS, the percentage share of utilization of
Energy consumption for different categories of Load for the year 2021-22 are
likely to be Domestic (39.4%) , Commercial (20.83%) , Industries (23.76% ) and
others (6%). As per 18th EPS Report Vol-I, the total Energy requirement for
Rajasthan as a whole for the year 2010 -11 was 44836 MUs, whereas Energy
Requirement of Jaipur is 3519 MUs which is 7.85% of States requirement. The
total Energy requirement for Rajasthan as a whole for the year 2016 -17 is
estimated as 77907 MUs whereas Jaipur Energy Requirement is 6743 MUs which
is 8.65% of States requirement. The total Energy requirement for Rajasthan as a
whole for the year 2021 -22 is estimated as 110483 MUs (as per 18th EPS),
whereas Jaipur Energy Requirement is 10683 MUs which is 9.66% of States
requirement.
The Peak Electric Load for Rajasthan as a whole for the year 2010 -11 was 6859
MW, whereas Jaipur Peak Load is 695 MW which is 10.61% of States Peak
Load. The Peak Load for Rajasthan as a whole for the year 2016 -17 is estimated
as 13886 MW, whereas Peak Electrical Load of Jaipur is 1329MW which is 9.5%
of States Peak Load. The Peak Load for Rajasthan as a whole for the year 2021
-22 is estimated as 19692 MW, whereas Jaipur Peak Load is 2103 MW which is
10.7% of States Electric Peak Load. The T & D Loss percentage for Rajasthan as
a whole for the year 2010 -11 was 31.55% and estimated figures for 2016-17 and
2021-22 are22% and17% respectively, whereas Jaipur T & D Loss percentage
for the year 2010-11 was 28% and estimated figures for the year 2016-17 and
2021-22 are19% and15% respectively. The estimates for T& D Losses have
been made after considering the various measures planned by JVVNL to curtail
the T& D Losses for Jaipur.
To achieve the growth of electricity demand and electricity consumption as
projected in the report, the state utilities and other concern organisations would
need to formulate the matching action plan to implement the polices /programmes
during the 12th plan period.

36

Appendix-J
Power Map showing Transmission and Distribution network of City

37

38

Wh
Category
Domestic
Comm.
Industries
Others
Total

2010-11
38.85
18.60
28.35
14.20
100.00

2011-12
38.51
19.27
27.89
14.32
100.00

2012-13
38.62
19.81
27.22
14.36
100.00

2013-14
38.69
20.34
26.56
14.41
100.00

2014-15
37.92
20.43
25.35
16.31
100.00

2015-16
38.33
20.44
25.05
16.17
100.00

Dh
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16


Domestic

Commercial & Misc.

Public lighting

Public Water Works

Irrigation

Industries LT

Industries HT

Railway traction

Bulk Supply
Total (Energy

Consumption)

T&D losses -MU

T&D losses -in %

Energy Requirement - MU

A
dF
t -%
Annuall L
Load
Factor

Peak Load - MW

2016-17
38.72
20.59
24.63
16.06
100.00

2016-17
38.53
20.52
24.84
16.11
100.00

2017-18

2016-17

2017-18
38.90
20.66
24.41
16.03
100.00

2018-19

2018-19
39.08
20.72
24.19
16.01
100.00

2019-20


  
  
 
 

  


2019-20
39.59
20.96
24.19
15.25
100.00

2020-21

2020-21
39.41
20.83
23.76
16.00
100.00

2021-22

Electric Power Survey


KOLKATA CITY
1. INTRODUCTION
Kolkata earlier known as Calcutta, the capital of West Bengal, is situated on the bank of
river Hooghly. The city had once housed the capital of India during a major part of the
British colonial rule till the year 1911 before shifting of capital to Delhi. Kolkata Metropolitan
Area (KMA), the largest urban agglomeration in eastern India, extends over 1886.67 sq.
km. and envelopes 3 Municipal Corporations (including Kolkata Municipal Corporation), 39
Municipalities and 24 Panchayat Samitis. Kolkata City has evolved over a period of more
than 300 years.
KMA has a population of 14.77 million, according to the 2001 Census, as against the total
urban population of West Bengal of 22.5 million (population of KMA as per 2011 census is
yet to be ascertained by KMDA). An important demographic attribute of KMA is that its
average residential density is the highest among the metropolises in India at around 8000
persons per sq. km. Though the city of Kolkata has been witnessing sharp decline in the
decadal population growth because of the near saturation of the city, population in the
municipal towns immediately surrounding Kolkata City and a part of the KMA has been
growing at very higher rates.
1.1 Climate & Rainfall

Kolkata is located in the eastern part of India and forms the southern part of the state of
West Bengal. KMA has spread linearly along the banks of the river Hooghly. The whole
area of city is in the Ganges Delta with the average elevation being 5 meters above MSL.
The city has a sub-tropical climate with hot & humid summer & monsoon. The maximum
temperature in summer reaches to about 41 C. The temperature in the winter drops to a
minimum of 9 C. Kolkata generally receives a good rainfall during monsoons.
1.2 Economy & Industry

KMA accounts for three-fourth of the organized sector industries and employment. KMA
houses the major financial, commercial, educational, health, research and other
organizations that cater to the requirements of not only KMA but also the entire state. As
the State is poised for rapid pace of industrialization and KMA has to play an important role
in facilitating the process of industrial growth. It is not only to provide livelihood to the
future population but also support the emerging economic activities within KMA like the IT
industries and specialized financial services. The necessary infrastructure and facilities are
to be created through planned interventions such that the growth in population and
economic activities could be sustained in a healthy and environment- friendly manner.
2. POWER SCENARIO
For the purpose of EPS of Kolkata city, the whole area covered under the KMA is taken
under consideration. A map of the KMA is enclosed in Appendix Ko-I.
At present, the two authorities/power utilities responsible for powering the KMA are namely
Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation Ltd. (CESC) and West Bengal State Electricity

39

Distribution Company Limited (WBSEDCL). CESC is supplying in the Kolkata city along
with a portion in the KMA. WBSEDCL is responsible supplying the power to the remaining
portion of the KMA along with the rest of the state. Presently CESC is catering the major
portion of the electrical load (around 64%) of KMA and the rest is served by WBSEDCL.
The historical data for period 2007-08 to 2010-11 as well as the forecast from 2011-12 to
2021-22 for CESC, WBSEDCL and Kolkata are at Annexure Ko-I, Ko- II & Ko- III
respectively.
The total energy consumption of the KMA area for the year 2010-2011 was 12800 MU with
a peak load of 2437 MW .The category wise break-up of the supply of power by both the
utilities namely CESC & WBSEDCL are as follows.
UTILITY WISE SUMMARY OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION (MU) DURING 2010-11
CESC
WBSEDCL
Energy
Energy
CATEGORY
TOTAL
Consumption % of Total Consumption % of Total
in MU
in MU
1. Domestic
3493
69%
1564
31%
5056
2. Commercial
1605
73%
584
27%
2189
3. Public
200
84%
37
16%
237
Lighting
4. Public Water
307
84%
58
16%
365
Works
5. Irrigation &
0
0%
10
100%
10
Dewatering
6. Industries
i) LT Industries
788
92%
63
8%
852
ii) HT Industries
1561
44%
2010
56%
3571
7. Traction
102
25%
301
75%
403
8. Bulk Supply
116
100%
0
0%
116
to
nonindustrial
consumers
TOTAL
8173
64%
4627
36%
12800

3. CONSULTATION WITH STATE UTILITIES/ AUTHORITIES


During the course of electricity demand forecasting of Kolkata, consultations were made
with concerned power utilities of West Bengal viz. CESC, WBSEDCL and WBSETCL,
WBSETCL coordinated with CEA for the purpose of EPS and functioned as the nodal
agency for the state utilities.
As CESC is supplying power in the area which is fully covered under the KMA the requisite
input data was made available to CEA. The data for WBSEDCL portions corresponding
figures were added for arriving to the requisite figures/database for the KMA.
It will also be worth mentioning that the CESCs distribution network is mainly through
underground cabling while WBSEDCLs distribution network is mainly overhead.

40

Following main points were deliberated during the discussions with the concerned
authorities/utilities:
a. A power map indicating the location of the sub-stations and transmission /
distribution lines through which the power is received or supplied etc. clear
demarcation in the power map for showing the areas being served by CESC and
WBSEDCL is required for EPS. The utilities expressed inability to provide such
demarcated power map however, A general map indicating locations of substations
and T&D network was supplied for KMA which is enclosed in Appendix- Ko-II.
b. City Development Plan for Kolkata Metropolitan Area up to 2025 published by
KMDA provided to CEA covered only the decade old statistics which was not
subsequently revised or updated .Statistics for the recent past particularly the
distribution of urban land use for various category i.e. residential, industrial etc. may
not hold good as per present scenario. But the utilities informed that the revised
statistics, as asked for, might not be available at present as no such project has
been under taken by the concerned authority to update the earlier published report.
c. Regarding irrigation load, CEA opined that considering the urban nature of the area
under consideration for Kolkata, energy requirement in the irrigation sector should
be reduced gradually. But during discussion it appeared that though the
requirement of this category is very low, still there is a possibility of rising in
requirement, only quantity wise not in percentage wise, due to multi-cropping option
being availed by the farmers. Also it was confirmed that earlier all Irrigation load
were not metered but presently that problems are over now.
d. The concerned utilities indicated that the T&D loss figures during the projected
years for the KMA should be little lower in comparison to the loss figure of whole
West Bengal. The reason behind this is that the loss in the metropolitan area should
never be more or equal with the loss of the whole state. The T&D loss figures were
re-checked and rectified in line with the spirit of discussions made on the issue.
e. In reply to queries by the CEA about the very low requirement in the LT Industry
category and comparatively very high requirement in the HT Industry category in
WBSEDCL area. WBSEDCL representative clarified that the figures shown under
the respective category are correct as in their method of classification of load in
those category have been made in that fashion. A marginal growth in Industry
category has been indicated by the utilities. During discussion it appeared that
practically there is very little scope for growing new industries in the KMA however
the industrialization is growing fast beyond KMA only due to obvious reason.
f. CEA enquired about the higher growth shown in the Public Lighting Category. In
reply to this, the utilities clarified that the growth in the category is estimated in the
higher side considering the beautification programme of the city undertaken by the
present state government which justified the growth rate.
g. On the issue of the low Load Factor considered for projection purpose , the reason
citied by state utilities is the lower growth in the Industrial Category compared to the
Domestic category.
h. CEA observed that the energy consumption wise overall growth in whole of West
Bengal is more or less 10%,whereas the projected growth of Kolkata mega-city
which is being considered as only around 5% need to be looked into. WBSETCL &
WBSEDCL representatives confirmed that in the Kolkata only the load in Domestic
category is expected to grow tremendously along with some sharp increase in the
Commercial category but there is a downward trend in Industrial category which in

41

turn downgrading the over all growth percentage. CEA enquired whether
prospective industries were considered by state utilities for projecting the load
growth for Industrial category, their representatives of the utility confirmed the same.
4. SALIENT FEATURES OF GROWTH OF INFRASTRUCTURE
It is indisputable that if the projected population has to be provided a decent urban living
and the supportive economic activities, the need for augmentation of infrastructural
facilities is a sine-qua-none. Notwithstanding the problems and constraints, Kolkata
envisions becoming a world class city and attending competitive age in this era of
globalization. Accordingly the City Development Plan (CDP) outlines the future
metropolitan structure comprising the different hierarchy of towns, identifies new
settlement areas and also new industrial growth centers. Factors likely to affect Elc

Vision 2025 a perspective plan for 25 years for KMDA covers master plan for
traffic & transportation, water supply, drainage, sewerage & sanitation. The vision is
to provide sustained and improved quality of life through basic urban services in an
inclusive manner and create enabling environment for enhanced economic
activities by utilizing available resources effectively, in an eco-friendly manner while
conserving heritage.

A metropolitan structure spatial distribution of centers -2025 has been formulated by


KMDA which consists: Metro Center Kolkata, Metro Sub-Center Howrah, 5 nos.
Trans Metro City System- 15 nos. Major Centers. Consequently, several
infrastructural development plans are considered in and around Kolkata city which
will enhance the energy requirements in future:

Nine Industrial growth centres have been identified in the Kolkata Metropolis Area
which would be the centres of economic activities in the metropolis generating
production and employment opportunities. WBIDC has already taken actions for
setting up a number of industrial growth centres. Rubber Park, Food Park, Apparel
Park and Poly Park have already been identified. In the east bank of river Ganga,
WBIDC has also set up a number of industrial growth centres namely Garment Park
(Canal South Road), Gems & Jewellery Park and Toy Park in the Sector-V of Salt
Lake and the Industrial Park at Kalyani. Salt Lake and Nonadanga area within the
East Kolkata are going to be the centres for IT Industries. All these will require
sizable amount of electricity in future.

Development of residential areas in metro centers, Trans-metro City Systems at


Kalyani, Baruipur etc. are in progress. In addition, 14 Nos. of new settlement areas
have been identified which will require on an average of 400 to 500 acres of land to
accommodate the projected population. Other private real estate developers are
also investing in different housing projects which are coming very fast.

Numbers of call centre (IT hubs) have already come up in and around Kolkata and
many more are coming.

42

Big malls of international standards along with the multiplexes are also coming up in
good numbers & very fast not only in Kolkata but also in its amalgamated area
under KMA.

More & more roads are being illuminated & decorated through Public Lighting.

The Ganga Action Plan (GAP) launched by Govt. of India is already operative in
KMA area and more thrust is giving to establish and operate more & more sewage
treatment plants so that no untreated sewage is discharged into the river. More
Electric Crematoriums are also being installed in the KMA.

The area under consideration is also having four major railway junctions namely
Howrah, Sealdah, Kolkata & Shalimar. More & more long distance trains are being
introduced regularly as well as numbers of local EMU trains are regularly being
increased to cover more & more urban areas with increased commuters.

Presently Metro Railway is operating only in one route i.e. from Dumdum to Garia
covering around 22 km distances. Metro Railway in another 5 routes namely i)
Saltlake to Howrah Maidan (around 14.7 km), ii) Joka to BBD Bag (around 16.7
km), iii) Noapara to Barasat (around 18.5 km), iv) Baranagar to Barrackpore, and v)
Garia to Airport (around 32 km) has been planned and work is in progress in few of
them. All these projects are included in the Mass Rapid Transport System (MRTS)
in KMA and are the part of East-West Metro (Airport New Dasnagar) and NorthSouth Elevated MRTS (Barrackpore-Joka).

Kolkata being the centroid of KMA, influences its surrounding area for its better
opportunities for employment, improved infrastructure, educational and cultural
centers etc. All the sectors undoubtedly require uninterrupted and quality power
supply. To meet the gap between the demand and supply and manage the power
system in an integrated manner, long term as well as short term planning is
necessary. Besides planning, setting up of generating units to provide the required
energy, it is also necessary to consider strengthening of Transmission and Subtransmission systems, installations of transformers etc.

5. ELECTRICITY DEMAND PROJECTION


To cope up with the fast paced development, proper planning for power is required. From
the above few instances, it is obvious that energy requirement in the metropolis area is
bound to increase reasonably because of normal population growth coupled with
commercial and industrial growth. While carried out the Power Survey works for the
Kolkata under the Power Survey of Mega Cities for 18th EPS the above mentioned facts
were kept under consideration.
Based on the input data provided by CESC and WBSEDCL and the consultations
regarding the factors governing the growth of infrastructure and electricity demand in next
10 years and steps initiated/planned by State Authorities were analysed. The EPS of
Kolkata mega-city has been undertaken after taking into consideration the above aspects.

43

As per EPS, the total electric energy requirement of Kolkata mega-city is estimated to be
20006 MU and 25588 MU by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22)
respectively. The peak load requirements of Kolkata mega-city is estimated to be 3512
MW and 4674 MW by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22) respectively.
The total electricity consumption is expected to be of the order of 17470 MU by end of 12th
plan and 22471 MU by end of 13th plan. The Transmission & Distribution losses of
Kolkata mega-city are expected to be brought down to 12.68% by end of 12th plan and
further reduced gradually to 12.18% by end of 13th plan.
The pattern of utilization of the electric energy in 2010-11 indicates that the domestic
category contributes around 40% followed by industrial category around 35%, commercial
around 17% and others around 8%. The EPS results indicate that by end of 12th plan, the
utilization in domestic category is expected to marginally increase to around 41% whereas
industrial category will decrease to around 32% in. By end of 13th plan, the utilization in
domestic category is likely to marginally increase again to around 42% and again with
slight decrease in industrial category to around 31%.
The details of EPS results are described below:5.1
ENERGY REQUIREMENT
The total electrical energy requirement of the Kolkata mega-city has been arrived by
adding T&D losses in the total electrical energy consumption at consumer level (Fig Ko-1).
The total energy requirement of the city during the year 2010-11 was 14756 MU which is
expected to increase to 20006 MU and 25588 MU for the year 2016-17 and 2021-22
respectively. The compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of energy requirement would
be around 5.2% and 5.04% during 12th & 13th plan respectively.

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

2017-18

2018-19

C ESC

2010-11
9376

9741

10214

10690

11204

11746

12321

12927

13567

14241

WB SEDC L

5380

5787

6122

6476

2014-15

6852

2015-16

7262

2016-17

7685

8078

8493

2019-20

8930

KOLKA TA

14756

15528

16335

17167

18056

19008

20006

21005

22059

23171

2020-21 2021-22
14954

15708

9392

9880

24346

25588

Fig Ko-1: Electrical Energy Requirement in MU


5.2

PEAK ELECTRIC LOAD

According to the data furnish by WBSETCL, the Peak Demand of City was 2116 MW
during 2007-08 which rose to around 2437 MW by 2010-11 (Fig Ko-2) and is expected to
grow with a CAGR of 6.28% and 5.88% during 12th and 13th plan respectively in spite of
4.82% actual CAGR from 2007-08 to 2010-11. As the result of the study of pattern of
utilization of various categories, the peak electric load will be around 3512 MW and 4674
MW by the end of 12th and 13th plan respectively.

44

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

CESC

1657

1727

1819

1913

2014

2122

2236

2354

2478

2609

2020-21 2021-22
2749

WB SEDCL

780

850

928

1003

1085

1177

1276

1362

1454

1553

1661

1777

KOLKA TA

2437

2577

2747

2916

3099

3299

3512

3716

3932

4162

4410

4674

2897

Fig K-2: Peak Electrical Load in MW


5.3 ENERGY CONSUMPTION
The total electricity consumption of the city during the year 2010-11 was 12800 MU and is
expected to increase to 17470 MU and 22471 MU during the year 2016-17 and 2021-22
respectively (Fig-Ko-3) with the CAGR of 5.32% & 5.25% respectively.

 Dh

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

Fig Ko-3: Category wise Energy in MU


From the utilisation pattern for the year 2010-11, it can be seen that the highest energy is
consumed by domestic category (39.5%) followed by industries (34.55%), commercial
(17.1%) and other remaining categories (8.85%).

The pattern of utilization by the end of 12th & 13th Plan would be 41.04% & 41.88% in
domestic, 18.18% & 19.19% in commercial, 31.91% & 30.40% in industrial sector and
8.87% & 8.53% in others (which includes public lighting, public water works, irrigation,
traction and bulk supply) for 12th & 13th plan respectively. Utilization for the end of 12th &
13th plan is given below in chart

45

Fig Ko-4:Consumption Pattern


5.4
TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION LOSSES
The T & D losses for KMA during the year 2010-11 was 13.26% which is expected to
reduce to 12.68% and 12.18% by the end of 12th plan and 13th plan period respectively
(Fig-Ko-5). As indicated by the power utilities, attempt will be made to further reduce the
technical losses, if possible, by carrying out the T&D system augmentation and
unaccounted energy which would be brought down by administrative steps to reflect the
true level of electricity consumption by consumers.

201011

201112

201213

201314

201415

201516

201617

201718

201819

201920

CESC

12.83

12.73

12.63

12.53

12.43

12.33

WB SEDCL

14.00

13.90

13.80

13.70

13.60

13.50

KOLKA TA

13.26

13.17

13.07

12.97

12.87

12.78

202021

202122

12.23

12.13

12.03

11.93

11.83

11.73

13.40

13.30

13.20

13.10

13.00

12.90

12.68

12.58

12.48

12.38

12.28

12.18

Fig Ko-5: T&D Losses in Percentage


6. CATEGORY WISE FORECAST
6.1
DOMESTIC CATEGORY
The electrical energy consumption in domestic category was 4123 MU and 5056 MU
during the year 2007-08 and 2010-11 respectively (Fig-Ko-6). Considering the past energy

46

consumption trends and keeping in view the probable impact of major development plans
proposed in the city, the energy consumption in this category is expected to increase with
CAGR of 5.99% to 7170 MU and of 5.81% to 9410 MU during end of 12th and 13th plan
period respectively.

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

CESC

3493

3693

3897

4111

4337

4574

4823

5085

5359

5648

2020-21 2021-22
5951

WB SEDCL

1564

1673

1790

1915

2050

2193

2347

2487

2637

2795

2962

3140

KOLKA TA

5056

5366

5687

6026

6387

6767

7170

7572

7996

8443

8913

9410

6270

Fig Ko-6: Electric energy consumption in Domestic Category


6.2
COMMERCIAL
The electrical energy consumption in commercial category was 1810 MU and 2189 MU
during the year 2007-08 and 2010-11 respectively (Fig-Ko-7). Considering the past energy
consumption trends and keeping in view the probable impact of major development plans
in energy consumption in the category is expected to increase with CAGR of 6.40% to
3176 MU and of 6.35% to 4311 MU during the end of 12th and 13th plan respectively.

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

2020-21

2021-22

CESC

1605

1715

1810

1911

2018

2130

2249

2374

2506

2646

2793

2949

WB SEDCL

584

631

682

736

795

859

927

1002

1082

1168

1262

1363

KOLKA TA

2189

2346

2492

2647

2813

2989

3176

3376

3588

3814

4055

4311

Fig Ko-7: Electric energy consumption in Commercial Category


6.3
INDUSTRIAL
The electrical energy consumption in industrial sector (both LT & HT) was 3925 MU and
4423 MU during the year 2007-08 and 2010-11 respectively (Fig-Ko-8). The actual CAGR
in industrial sector was around 4% during the period from 2007-08 to 2010-11. Keeping in
view of the present trend and ground reality, it appeared that in the forth coming years
there will be practically no scope for higher rate of growth, which may even go down a little
bit, in this sector inside the KMA. Considering all the facts and after detail deliberation with
concerned power supplying utilities it is expected that the energy consumption in industrial

47

sector will increase with CAGR of 3.93% to 5575 MU and of 4.03% to 6832 MU during the
end of 12th and 13th plan respectively.

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

2020-21

2021-22

CESC

2350

2345

2422

2495

2584

2681

2786

2898

3019

3147

3286

3434

WB SEDCL

2073

2178

2288

2404

2526

2654

2788

2901

3018

3140

3266

3398

KOLKA TA

4423

4523

4710

4899

5110

5335

5575

5799

6037

6287

6552

6832

Fig Ko-8: Electric energy consumption in Industrial Category


6.4
OTHERS (Public Lighting, PWW, Irrigation, Railways & Non Industrial)
Categories included in others are public lighting, public water works, irrigation, railways
and non-industrial/bulk supply. The total electrical energy consumption in these categories
was 987 MU and 1132 MU during the year 2007-08 and 2010-11 respectively (Fig-Ko-9).
The actual CAGR in these sectors was around 4.66% during the period from 2007-08 to
2010-11. It is expected that the electrical energy consumption in these sectors will
increase with CAGR of 5.38% to 1550 MU and of 4.91% to 1918 MU during the end of
12th and 13th plan respectively.

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

2020-21

2021-22

CESC

726

748

795

834

872

913

956

1002

1050

1101

1155

1213

WB SEDCL

406

500

517

533

549

576

593

614

635

658

681

704

KOLKA TA

1132

1248

1311

1367

1421

1489

1550

1616

1686

1759

1836

1918

Fig Ko-9: Electric energy consumption in OTHERS Category


7. CONCLUSION
Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal state is the oldest metropolitan city in India. The
Kolkata, as a city itself, has been witnessing sharp decline in the decadal population
growth because of the near saturation of the city. However, population in the municipal
towns immediately surrounding Kolkata City and a part of the KMA has been growing at
very higher rates. The forecast of the city has been prepared considering the various on
going as well as proposed development plans which will take place in the days to come.

48

The pattern of utilization by the end of 12th & 13th Plan would be 41.04% & 41.88% in
domestic, 18.18% & 19.19% in commercial, 31.91% & 30.40% in industrial sector and
8.87% & 8.53% in others (which includes public lighting, public water works, irrigation,
traction and bulk supply) for 12th & 13th plan respectively.
The total energy requirement of the West Bengal state as a whole for the year 2010-11
was 42202 MU including KMAs energy requirement of 14756 MU which was around 35%
of the total requirement of the state. The estimated total energy requirement of the West
Bengal state as a whole for the year 2016-17 is 70352 MU including KMAs estimated
energy requirement of 20006 MU which would be around 28% of the total requirement of
the state. Similarly the estimated total energy requirement of the West Bengal state as a
whole for the year 2021-22 is 103283 MU including KMAs estimated energy requirement
of 25588 MU which would be around 25% of the total requirement of the state.
The total peak load of the West Bengal state as a whole for the year 2010-11 was 6833
MW including KMAs peak load of 2437 MW which was around 36% of the total peak load
of the state. The estimated total peak load of the West Bengal state as a whole for the year
2016-17 is 11793 MW including KMAs estimated peak load of 3512 MW which would be
around 30% of the total peak load of the state. Similarly the estimated total peak load of
the West Bengal state as a whole for the year 2021-22 is 17703 MW including KMAs
estimated peak load of 4674 MW which would be around 26% of the total peak load of the
state.
The total T & D losses of the West Bengal state as a whole for the year 2010-11 was
19.7% whereas KMAs T & D losses was 13.26%. The estimated total T & D losses of the
West Bengal state as a whole for the year 2016-17 is 16.60% whereas KMAs estimated T
& D losses is 12.68%. Similarly the estimated total T & D losses of the West Bengal state
as a whole for the year 2021-22 is 13.58% whereas KMAs estimated T & D losses is
12.18%.

49

Appendix Ko-I
MAP OF THE KOLKATA METROPOLITA AREA (KMA)

50

Appendix Ko- II
POWER MAP OF KOLKATA METROPOLITAN AREA (KMA)

51

Domestic
Commercial
Industrial
Others
TOTAL

PatternofUtilisation

CategorywiseEnergyConsumption
Domestic
Commercial&Misc.
PublicLighting
PublicWaterWorks
Irrigation&Dewatering
L.T.Industries
H.T.Industries
Traction
BulkSupplytoNonindustrialConsumer
TOTALCONSUM.Mkwh
T&DLossinMKwh
T&DLoss(%)
EnergyRequirementinMKwh
LoadFactor(%)
PeakLoad(MW)

NameofState/UT:WestBengal
Category:SUMMARYOFFORECAST

43.44
20.17
27.58
8.80
100.00

3693
1715
211
320
0
855
1490
102
116
8501
1240
12.73
9741
64.4
1727

3493
1605
200
307
0
788
1561
102
116
8173
1203
12.83
9376
64.60
1657

42.73
19.64
28.75
8.88
100.00

2011-12

2010-11

43.67
20.29
27.14
8.90
100.00

3897
1810
227
331
0
915
1507
106
130
8924
1290
12.63
10214
64.10
1819

2012-13

43.96
20.44
26.68
8.92
100.00

4111
1911
246
342
0
979
1516
109
137
9351
1340
12.53
10690
63.80
1913

2013-14

44.21
20.57
26.34
8.89
100.00

4337
2018
265
354
0
1047
1537
112
140
9811
1393
12.43
11204
63.50
2014

2014-15

44.42
20.69
26.03
8.87
100.00

4574
2130
287
367
0
1121
1560
116
144
10298
1448
12.33
11746
63.20
2122

2015-16

44.60
20.79
25.76
8.84
100.00

4823
2249
309
380
0
1199
1587
120
147
10814
1507
12.23
12321
62.90
2236

2016-17

18THELECTRICPOWERSURVEYFORECAST
ENERGYCONSUMPTION,ENERGYREQUIREMENTANDPEAKLOAD
CATEGORYWISE&YEARWISESUMMERYOFFORECAST

NameofPublicUtility/SEB/Licensee/Elect.Deptt.:C.E.S.C.Ltd.

52

44.77
20.90
25.51
8.82
100.00

5085
2374
334
393
0
1283
1615
124
151
11359
1568
12.13
12927
62.70
2354

2017-18

44.90
21.00
25.29
8.80
100.00

5359
2506
361
407
0
1373
1646
128
155
11935
1632
12.03
13567
62.50
2478

2018-19

45.03
21.10
25.09
8.78
100.00

5648
2646
390
421
0
1469
1678
132
159
12542
1699
11.93
14241
62.30
2609

2019-20

45.13
21.18
24.92
8.76
100.00

5951
2793
421
436
0
1572
1714
136
163
13185
1769
11.83
14954
62.10
2749

2020-21

45.22
21.27
24.76
8.75
100.00

6270
2949
455
451
0
1682
1752
141
167
13866
1843
11.73
15708
61.90
2897

(in MU)
2021-22

AnnexureKoI

18THELECTRICPOWERSURVEYFORECAST
ENERGYCONSUMPTION,ENERGYREQUIREMENTANDPEAKLOAD
CATEGORYWISE&YEARWISESUMMERYOFFORECAST

Domestic
Commercial
Industrial
Others
TOTAL
Industries
Others

PatternofUtilisation

CategorywiseEnergyConsumption
ENERGYCONSUMPTIONMUs
1.Domestic
2.Commercial&Misc.
3.Publiclighting
4.PublicWaterWorks
5.Irrigation
LTIndustries
HTIndustries
7.Railwaytraction
8.BulkSupplytoNonIndustrialConsumer
Total(EnergyConsumption)
T&DlossesMU
T&Dlosses%
EnergyRequirementMU
AnnualLoadFactor%
PeakLoadMW

NameofState/UT:WestBengal
Category:SUMMARYOFFORECAST

33.58
12.67
43.71
10.04
100.00
2178
500

4983
804
13.90
5787
77.72
850

4627
753
14.00
5380
78.74
780

33.79
12.63
44.81
8.77
100.00
2073
406

1673
631
38
61
12
68
2110
390

201112

1564
584
37
58
10
63
2010
301

201011

33.92
12.92
43.37
9.79
100.00
2288
517

5277
845
13.80
6122
75.30
928

1790
682
40
64
13
73
2216
400

201213

34.27
13.17
43.02
9.54
100.00
2404
533

5589
887
13.70
6476
73.71
1003

1915
736
41
67
14
78
2327
410

201314

34.62
13.43
42.67
9.28
100.00
2526
549

5920
932
13.60
6852
72.09
1085

2050
795
43
71
16
83
2443
420

201415

34.91
13.67
42.25
9.17
100.00
2654
576

6282
980
13.50
7262
70.44
1177

2193
859
45
74
17
89
2565
440

201516

35.26
13.93
41.90
8.91
100.00
2788
593

6655
1030
13.40
7685
68.76
1276

2347
927
46
78
19
95
2693
450

201617

35.51
14.30
41.42
8.77
100.00
2901
614

7004
1074
13.30
8078
67.71
1362

2487
1002
48
82
20
100
2801
464

201718

35.77
14.67
40.94
8.62
100.00
3018
635

7372
1121
13.20
8493
66.68
1454

2637
1082
50
86
22
105
2913
477

201819

NameofPublicUtility/SEB/Licensee/Elect.Deptt.:WestBengalStateElectricityDistributionCo.Ltd.

53

36.01
15.05
40.46
8.47
100.00
3140
658

7760
1170
13.10
8930
65.64
1553

2795
1168
52
90
24
110
3030
492

36.25
15.44
39.98
8.33
100.00
3266
681

8171
1221
13.00
9392
64.55
1661

2962
1262
54
95
25
116
3151
506

InMU
201920 202021

AnnexureKoII

36.49
15.83
39.49
8.18
100.00
3398
704

8605
1274
12.90
9880
63.47
1777

3140
1363
56
99
27
122
3277
522

202122

54

Wh
Category
Domestic
Comm.
Industries
Others
Total

2010-11
39.50
17.10
34.55
8.84
100.00

2011-12
39.80
17.40
33.54
9.26
100.00

2012-13
40.05
17.55
33.17
9.23
100.00

2013-14
40.34
17.72
32.79
9.15
100.00

2014-15
40.60
17.88
32.49
9.04
100.00

2015-16
40.82
18.03
32.18
8.98
100.00

Dh
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16


Domestic

Commercial & Misc.

Public lighting

Public Water Works

Irrigation

Industries LT

Industries HT

Railway traction

Bulk Supply
Total (Energy

Consumption)

T&D losses -MU

T&D losses -in %

Energy Requirement - MU

A
dF
t -%
Annuall L
Load
Factor

Peak Load - MW

2016-17
41.24
18.38
31.58
8.80
100.00

2016-17
41.04
18.18
31.91
8.87
100.00

2017-18

2016-17

2017-18
41.41
18.58
31.27
8.73
100.00

2018-19

2018-19
41.58
18.79
30.97
8.66
100.00

2019-20


  
  
 
 

  


2019-20
41.74
18.99
30.68
8.60
100.00

2020-21

2020-21
41.88
19.19
30.40
8.53
100.00

2021-22



Electric Power Survey


INDORE CITY
1. GENERAL
Indore is located 190 km west of the state capital of Bhopal and in the western
region of Madhya Pradesh, on the southern edge of the Malwa plateau. It lies on the
Saraswati and Khan rivers, which are tributaries of the Shipra River and has an
average elevation of 553.00 meter above mean sea level. It is located on an
elevated plain, with the Vindhyas range to the south. Apart from Yashwant Lake,
there are many lakes that supply water to the city including Sirpur Tank, Bilawali
Talab, Sukhniwas Lake and Piplyapala Talab. According to the 2011 Indian census,
Indore city has a population of 1,960,631. The average annual growth rate of
population is around 2.85% as per the statistics of census 2001.
1.1 CLIMATE
Indore has humid subtropical climate  three distinct seasons viz. summer,
monsoon and winter are observed. Summers start in mid-March and can be
extremely hot in April and May. The daytime temperatures can touch 40 C on more
than one occasion. Average summer temperature may go as high as 3639 C but
humidity is very low. Winters are moderate and usually dry. Lower temperatures can
go as low as 4 C-6 C on some nights. Usually the temperature ranges between 8
to 26 C during winters. Rains are due to southwest monsoons. The typical monsoon
season goes from 15 June till mid-September, contributing 3235 inches of annual
rains. 95% of rains occur during monsoon season.
1.2 INDUSTRY & ECONOMY
Indore is often referred as the commercial capital of Madhya Pradesh with a bulk of
its trade coming from Small, Mid and Large scale manufacturing & service industries.
These industries range from Automobile to Pharmaceutical and from Software to
Retail and from Textile trading to Real estate. Major industrial areas surrounding the
city include the Pithampur Special Economic Zone and the Sanwer Industrial belt.
Pithampur is also known as the Detroit of India. Pithampur industrial area houses
many big auto companies. Prominent among these are Force Motors, Volvo Eicher
commercial, Avtec, Mahindra 2 wheelers Ltd. While the Textile manufacturing and
Trading is the oldest business to contribute to economy, the Real Estate has
emerged very fast in past few years. National Real Estate Players DLF Limited,
Suncity (ZEE Group), Omaxe, Sahara, Parsvnath, Ansal API, Emaar MGF have
already launched their residential projects in Indore. These projects are generally on
the Indore bypass. Besides these, there are several small and medium size software
development firms in Indore. Pithampur, the suburb industrial area of Indore houses
production plants of various Pharmaceutical companies.

55

2. POWER SCENARIO
The distribution of supply of power to the Indore City is under purview of by M. P.
Paschim Kshetra Vidyut Vitaran Co. Ltd. (MPPKVVCL), since 2004 after unbundling
of Madhya Pradesh Electricity Board. The total electricity consumption of the city
was 1218 MU in year 2009-10. During the last five years, the city has observed more
or less steady annual growth rate of 8 -10 % in terms of electrical energy
consumption. The peak electric load of the city was 330 MW during the year 2009-10
and 360 MW during 2010-11. A map showing grid sub stations and transmission &
distribution system of Indore is given at Appendix-I.

3. CONSULTATION WITH STATE UTILITIES / AUTHORITIES


During the course of electricity demand forecasting of Indore city, the consultation
were made with concerned state utilities of Madhya Pradesh viz. M. P. Paschim
Kshetra Vidyut Vitaran Co. Ltd. (MPPKVVCL), Indore, Madhya Pradesh Power
Transmission Corporation Corporation (MPPTCL) and Indore Development Authority
(IDA), Indore in April 2012.
The main points discussed during the consultation with the state organizations
outlined below:

T & D losses of a city primarily constitutes distribution losses were indicated to


be 25% (for the year 2010-11). MPPKVVCL indicated that gradual reduction
of T&D losses from 25% to 15% by 2013-14 and to further bring down to 9%
by 2021-22 as a result of implementation of RAPDRP. There is a provision to
convert existing distribution network in to HVDS and ground cabling which
would facilitate in reducing commercial losses.
In respect of consumption in domestic category, the growth rate of 8% and
7% for the 12th plan and gradual declining trend of 7% for 13th plan
respectively was suggested by state authorities.
The impact on electricity demand due to major development projects like
Super Corridor, Sahara Township, BRT, Metro Rail, etc which are to be
completed during 12th and 13th plan to be taken into consideration. It was
indicated that load of 200MW was to be spread in three years (20012-13 to
2014-15) under domestic and commercial category in the proportion of
40%:60%.
The pattern of energy consumption of Indore city during last few years has
remained uneven which can not be adopted as a basis for demand
forecasting.
The correlation between electricity demand and future
development of city in all categories of consumers needs to be assessed.
The exact impact on electricity demand due to steps/measures already
taken/proposed by MPPKVVCL cannot be qualified. Therefore, the estimation
of likely growth in electricity demand due to upcoming projects during 12th &
13th plan cannot be realistically worked out and it was suggested that by

56

higher growth be considered during 12th plan and gradual reduction in 13th
plan.
The historical data of Peak demand for the city was not available with
MPPKVVCL and it was indicated that peak demand of city is 360 MW for the
year 2010-11.
Regarding consumption indicated in Public Water Works category the
representative of MNPPKVVCL clarified that most of the pumping stations are
located outside city boundary. On account of implementation of Narmada
Phase III the water requirement is expected to be doubled by 2021 which will
however result in growth in electricity demand in PWW category.
In respect of consumption in irrigation category, It was indicated that
agriculture land is gradually being converted to commercial due to which
consumption in irrigation category is expected to decrease during 12th plan &
beyond. The representative of MPPKVVCL indicated that no industry with
contracted demand above 1 MW is located in city as I.T industries are located
outside city limits.
As regard traction category it was informed that traction load is being met
beyond city limits.
No SEZ is proposed within city limits. The Pithampur Industrial area and
Industrial belt are located beyond city limits and same may not be considered
in EPS of Indore city.
Based on the data furnished around 200 MU of energy requirement is
indicated to be hidden demand for year 2009-10 which could not be met due
to shortage of power as well as inadequate sub transmission & distribution
which is being augmented.
A medical hub which is coming up to Indore is part of super corridor project.
As regards bulk power consumption due to institutions the state authorities
clarified such development like IIT is outside city limits and need not be
considered as part of demand growth of city.

4. SALIENT FEATURES OF GROWTH OF INFRASTRUCTURE


As per Master Plan of Indore (2008) for year 2021 the salient features of the
development of infrastructure to meet the growing demand in various fields is as
under: Proposal for development of Super corridors by 2021 in Phases.
- MR 10 Sukhalia to ujjain road
- RW 2 Ujjain road to Airport
It would result in development of institutional campus, corporate office,
hotels, park, knowledge based industries, software technology park and
shoping malls.

Bus rapid transport system of 86 km in phase I

57

To assist bus rapid system a transit corridor is proposed as


feeder network which will develop growth in commercial
activities.
Water requirements to double by 2021 and requirement of drinking
water is expected to be 638 MLD by 2021.

The brief information about Electric Power Stations present & programmed as
per Master Plan is as under:

Electric Substation
400kV
220/132/33kV
132/33kV
33/11
11/0.4kV

Present

1No

1No
2Nos
25 Nos
2900 No.s
(LT Distribustion Line)

Proposed
1No
1No
5No
16No.
Details not available

The details of existing & proposed sub stations as per furnished by


MPPKVCCL is as under:

Proposed
Present
Electric Substation
2 Nos.(Pithampur & PGCIL)
1No
400kV
2No
4No
220kV
7No
6Nos
132kV
12No.
58 Nos
33/11
6000
6000
Distribution
Transformers
The Centre for Advanced Technology (CAT) is bulk consume with 12 MW
sanctioned load and drawn around 6 MW of power. BY end of 12th plan, the
electricity demand of CAT is indicated to be around 40 MW.

5. ELECTRICITY DEMAND PROJECTIONS


Based on the input data provided by MPPTCL and MPPKVVCL and the
consultations regarding the factors governing the growth of infrastructure and
electricity demand in next 10 years and steps initiated/planned by State Authorities
were analysed. The EPS of Indore city has been undertaken after taking into
consideration the above aspects.
As per EPS, the total electric energy requirements of Indore city is estimated to be
3325 MUs and 5292 MUs by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22)
respectively. The peak load requirements of Indore city is estimated to be 621 MW
and 950 MW by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22) respectively.
The total electricity consumption is expected to be of the order of 2781 MU by end of
12th plan and 4691 MU by end of 13th plan. The Transmission & Distribution losses

58

of Indore city are expected to be brought down to 16.36% by end of 12th plan and
further reduced gradually to 11.36% by end of 13th plan.
The pattern of utilization of the electic energy in 2009-10 indicates that the domestic
category contributes around 46% followed by industrial category 23%, commercial
17% and others14%. The EPS results indicates that by end of 12th plan, the
utilization in domestic category is expected to decrease to 42% whereas increase to
26% in industrial category. By end of 13th plan, the utilization in domestic category is
likely to reduce to 40% with slight increase to 27% in industrial category.
Annex.I indicated the category wise/year wise details of the electricity consumption,
T&D losses, electric energy requirement, peak load and pattern of utilization for 12th
& 13th plan period.
The details of EPS results are described below:5.1

ENERGY REQUIREMENT

The total electrical energy requirement of the Indore City has been arrived by adding
T&D losses in the total electrical energy consumption at consumer level. The slightly
higher growth in the category of domestic, commercial and industrial has been
considered to wipe out the present shortage in the city.
The total energy requirement of the city during the year 2009-10 was 1665 MUs
which is expected to increase to 3325 MUs and 5292 MUs for the year 2016-17 and
2021-22. The compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of energy requirement would
be around 10.38% and 10.12% during 12th & 13th plan respectively.
EZ'zZYh/ZDEd/EDh

ZD
h

Indo re

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

2020-21

2021-22

1818

2007

2218

2452

2712

3002

3325

3655

4008

4396

4823

5292

Fig. I-1 : Electrical Energy Requirement in MU


5.2

PEAK ELECTRIC LOAD

According to the data furnish by MPPKVVCL, the Peak Demand of City was
197 MW during 2005-06 which rose to around 330MW by 2009-10 and is expected
to grow @ 9.46% and 8.87% during 12th and 13th plan respectively in spite of 9%
actual growth from 2003-04 to 2009-10. As the result of the study of pattern of
utilization of various categories and the present shortage in the city, the peak electric

59

load will be 621 MW and 950MW by the end of 12th (2016-17)and 13th (2021-22)plan
respectively.
W<>dZ/>K/EDt

W>D
t


Indo re

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

2020-21

2021-22

357

391

428

470

515

565

621

677

737

802

872

950

Fig. I-2 : Peak Electric Load in MW


5.3

ENERGY CONSUMPTION

The total electricity consumption of the city during the year 2009-10 was 1218
MUs and is expected to increase to 2781 MU and 4691 MU during the year 201617 and 2021-22 respectively with the annual growth rate of 12.52%.

Dh

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

&z

Fig. I-3 : Electrical Energy Consumption in MU

From the utilisation pattern for the year 2009-10, it can be seen that the highest
energy is consumed by domestic category (46%) followed by industries (23%),
commercial (17%) and other remaining categories (14%).

60

The pattern of utilization by the end of 12th & 13TH Plan would be 41.91% & 40.4% IN
domestic, 16% & 15.73% in commercial, 25.5% and 25.87% in industrial sector and 16.36%
in others (which includes public lighting, public water works, irrigation, railway and bulk
consumers) for 12th & 13th plan respectively. Utilization for the end of 12th % 13th plan is
given below in chart

.
Fig. I-4 : Energy Consumption Pattern

5.4

TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION LOSSES

The T & D losses for Indore during the year 2009-10 was 26.86% which is expected
to reduce to 16.36% and 11.36% by the end of 12th plan and 13th plan period respectively.
The RAPDRP scheme is targeted to be completed by 2013-14 which would result in
decrease of T&D losses to around 20.86% by 2013-14. Keeping the optimistic approach, T &
D losses have been proposed to be brought down at the level of 16.36% by the end of 12th
plan (2016-17) and 11.36% by the end of 13th plan (2021-22). The city authorities have also
been consulted before finalizing the T&D losses. As per the RAPDRP scheme, Utilities
having current T&D Losses below 30%, they have to reduce T&D losses at the rate of 1.5%
per year. T&D losses reduction programme has been adopted as 1.5% per year during 12th
plan period and 1% during 13th plan period.
The technical losses would be brought down by carrying out the T&D system
improvement and unaccounted energy which would be brought down by administrative
steps, introduction of metered supply under RAPDRP to reflect the true level of electricity
consumption by consumers and energy audit of electricity supplying feeders. Under
RAPDRP Scheme, there is provision to convert existing distribution network into HVDS and
ground cabling. Therefore, reduction in electrical energy loss during transmission &
distribution has been considered for future projections.
dZE^D/^^/KE/^dZ/hd/KE>K^^^/E
d>/E

Indo re

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

25.40

23.85

22.39

20.88

19.32

17.89

16.39

15.87

14.32

2019-20 2020-21 2021-22


13.38

12.40

11.36

Fig. I-5 : T&D Losses in Percentage

61

6. CATEGORY WISE FORECAST


(A) DOMESTIC CATEGORY

The electrical energy consumption in domestic category was 347 MUs and
560 MUs during the year 2003-04 and 2009-10 respectively. Considering the past
energy consumption trends and keeping in view the probable impact of major
development plans proposed in the city , the number of consumers are expected to
increase at the rate of 7% per year during the 12th and 13th plan .
EZ'zKE^hDWd/KE/EKD^d/d'KZz
/EDh

D
h

Indo re

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

2020-21

2021-22

614

683

760

846

941

1047

1165

1284

1416

1560

1719

1895

Fig. I-6 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Domestic Category in MU

The energy consumption is expected to increase at the rate of 11.04% and 10.21%
during 12th and 13th plan period respectively. The higher growth rate during 12th
plan is due to 80 MW anticipated load (40% of 200 MW) due to various development
projects in the city. The higher growth rate in consumers has been adopted due to
impact of about 4 lacs people living without house in the slum in different areas of
the city and new township and shopping malls nearby the super corridors.
(B)

COMMERCIAL

The electrical energy consumption in commercial category was 108 MUs and 202
MUs during the year 2003-04 and 2009-10 respectively. Considering the past energy
consumption trends and keeping in view the probable impact of major development
plans in energy consumption, the number of consumers are expected to increase at
the rate of 7% and 6% per year during the 12th and 13th plan respectively. The
specific energy consumption is expected to increase at the rate of 7% and 6% per
year during 12th and 13th plan period respectively.

62

EZ'zKE^hDWd/KE/EKDDZ/>d'KZz/EDh

D
h

Indo re

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

2020-21

2021-22

224

252

283

318

357

402

451

500

551

607

669

738

Fig. I-7 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Commercial Category in MU

The energy consumption would grow by 12.17% and 10.34% during 12th & 13th plan
period respectively which includes the impact of important development projects i.e.
super corridor, sahara township, metro rail BRT and commercial centre to be
developed at Agra-Mumbai highway. The higher growth rate during 12th & 13th plan
is due to 120 MW anticipated load (60% of 200 MW) due to various development
projects.
(C) INDUSTRIAL

The electrical energy consumption in industrial sector was 187 MUs and 279 MUs
during the year 2003-04 and 2009-10 respectively. The actual CAGR in industrial
sector (which including (LT & HT industries) was around 7%. Keeping in view the
present infrastructural development in the Indore city in near future, the higher
growth has been adopted to cope up with the proposed development activities. The
medical and IT hub is coming up in the Indore city which the part of the super
corridor project.
EZ'zKE^hDWd/KE/E/d'KZz/EDh

D
h

Indo re

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

2020-21

2021-22

317

362

414

473

542

619

709

800

897

1004

1123

1259

Fig. I-6 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Industrial Category in MU

Energy consumption in industrial sector will be 709 MUs and 1259 MUs by the end
of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan respectively which is expected to be

63

increase at the rate of 7% and 6% per year during the 12th and 13th plan period
respectively.
(D)

OTHERS (Public Lighting, PWW, Irrigation, Railways & Non Industrial)

Categories included in others are public lighting, public water works, irrigation,
railways and non-industrial.The electrical energy consumption in others was 73 MUs
and 177 MUs during the year 2003-04 and 2009-10 respectively. The actual CAGR
in these sectors was around 14%. Electrical Energy Consumption in these sectors
will be 455 MUs and 799 MUs by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan
period respectively which is expected to be increase at the rate of 14.5% and 12%
per year during the 12th and 13th plan period respectively.
EZ'zKE^hDWd/KE/EKd'KZz/EDh

D
h

Indo re

2010-11

2011-12

201

231

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

264

303

348

397

455

2017-18
491

2018-19

2019-20

2020-21

2021-22

570

637

714

798

Fig. I-6 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Others Category in MU

7. CONCLUSION
The power distribution in Indore city is under perview of MPPKVVCL after
unbundling of earstwhile MPSEB. Indore with 19.60 lakh population (as per
provisional census 2011) is having large residential, commercial and industrial setup.
In Indore, highest energy is consumed by domestic category of consumers. The total
electricity consumption of 1219 MUs during the year 2009-10 is expected to increase
to 2780 MU and 4691 MU during the year 2016-17 and 2021-22 respectively with the
annual growth rate of 11.89%.The growth of electrical energy demand is mainly due
to increase in population, industries, infrastructure and purchasing capacity . The
utilisation of energy in industries category would increase by 0.37% from the end of
12th plan to end of 13th plan whereas the utilisation in domestic and commercial
category would decrease by 1.51% and 0.73% respectively from the end of 12th plan
to end of 13th plan.

64

Appendix-I
33kV Distribution Network of Indore City

65

66

Wh
Category
Domestic
Comm.
Industries
Others
Total

2010-11
45.27
16.52
23.37
14.84
100.00

2011-12
44.69
16.49
23.69
15.13
100.00

2012-13
44.15
16.44
24.05
15.36
100.00

2013-14
43.61
16.39
24.38
15.62
100.00

2014-15
43.01
16.32
24.77
15.90
100.00

2015-16
42.47
16.31
25.11
16.11
100.00

Dh
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16


Domestic

Commercial & Misc.

Public lighting

Public Water Works

Irrigation

Industries LT

Industries HT

Railway traction

Bulk Supply
Total (Energy

Consumption)

T&D losses -MU

T&D losses -in %

Energy Requirement - MU

A
dF
t -%
Annuall L
Load
Factor

Peak Load - MW

2016-17
41.76
16.26
26.02
15.97
100.00

2016-17
41.91
16.22
25.50
16.37
100.00

2017-18

2016-17

2017-18
41.23
16.05
26.12
16.60
100.00

2018-19

2018-19
40.97
15.94
26.37
16.73
100.00

2019-20


  
  
 
 

  


2019-20
40.69
15.83
26.58
16.90
100.00

2020-21

2020-21
40.41
15.74
26.84
17.01
100.00

2021-22

Electric Power Survey


AHMEDABAD CITY
1.

INTRODUCTION
Ahmedabad is the largest city of Gujarat. As per provisional report of census of India 2011
population of is 5.57 million. It is having area of 464 sq km and is located at 2302N
7235E 23.03N 72.58E. The city is divided by the Sabarmati into two physically distinct
eastern and western regions. The eastern bank of the river houses the old city, which
includes the central town of Bhadra. This part of Ahmedabad is characterised by packed
bazaars, the pol system of close clustered buildings, and numerous places of worship. It
houses the main railway station, the General Post Office, and few buildings of the
Muzaffarid and British era. The expansion of the city to the western side of Sabarmati was
done by British by constructing Ellis Bridge in 1875. Later the modern Nehru Bridge was
built. There are educational institutions, modern buildings, residential areas, shopping
malls, multiplexes and new business districts in the western part of the city.
1.1 CLIMATE & RAINFALL

Ahmedabad has average altitude of 53 metres from sea level has a hot semi-arid climate
with marginally less rain. There are three main seasons: summer, monsoon and winter.
The weather is hot through the months of March to June with the average max min temp
range of 41 C - 27 C. From November to February, the average max-min temp range of
30 C - 15 C. Rainy season ranges from mid-June to mid-September with southwest
monsoon. The average annual rainfall is about 800 millimeters, but infrequent heavy
torrential rains cause local rivers to flood and it is not uncommon for droughts to occur
when the monsoon does not extend as far west as usual.
1.2 INDUSTRY & ECONOMY

In the 19th century, with establishment of first Indian textile mill, the Ahmedabad Spinning
and Weaving Company Limited, followed by series of textile mills such as the Calico Mills,
Bagicha Mills and Arvind Mills. By 1905 there were about 33 textile mills in the city. The
textile industry further expanded rapidly during the First World War, and benefited from the
influence of Swadeshi movement, which promoted the purchase of Indian-made goods.
Ahmedabad was known as the "Manchester of the East", for its textile industry. The city is
the largest supplier of denim and one of the largest exporters of gemstones and jewellery
in India.
Two of the biggest pharmaceutical companies of India, Zydus Cadila and Torrent
Pharmaceuticals , are based in the city. The Nirma group of industries, which runs a large
number of detergent and chemical industrial units, has its corporate headquarters in the
city. The city also houses the corporate headquarters of the Adani Group, a multinational
trading and infrastructure development company.
The completion of Sardar Sarovar Project has improved the supply of potable water for the
city. In recent years, the Gujarat government has increased investment in the
modernization of the city's infrastructure, providing for the construction of larger roads and
improvements to water supply, electricity and communications.

67

2. POWER SCENARIO
2.1

DISCOM WISE SHARE OF DISTRIBUTION OF POWER

The distribution of power to the Ahmedabad City is under purview of Torrent Power Ltd.
(TPL) and Uttar Gujarat Vij Company Ltd. (UGVCL). The TPL distributed over 4.984 BUs.of
power (80% of total supply to city) to its consumer spread over 293 Sq. Km. during FY
2009-10 in main city area whereas UGVCL has distributed 1.213 BUs.of power (20% of
total supply to city) to its consumer in same year in the remaining area of the city. A Power
map of Ahmedabad City for the distribution area of Torrent Power Ltd and UGVCL
showing distribution network and other details is given at Appendix A-1 & A-2. The
category wise supply of energy by each DISCOM during 2009-10 is illustrated in table A-1.
Table - A1
SUMMARY OF CATEGORY WISE SUPPLY OF ENERGY DURING 2009-10
UGVCL

TPL

ENERGY
CONS. IN
MUs

% OF
TOTAL

ENERGY
CONS. IN
MUs

% OF
TOTAL

TOTAL

1. Domestic

35

2%

1544

98%

1579

2. Commercial & Misc.

10

1%

1163

99%

1172

3. Public lighting

11%

43

89%

48

i) LT

0%

0%

ii) HT (Demand less than 1 MW)

2%

80

98%

81

iii) HT (Demand more than 1 MW)

0%

19

100%

19

Category

4. Public Water Works

5. Irrigation
i) P/S

ii) LIS

6. Industries
i) LT

177

13%

1140

87%

1318

ii) HT (Demand less than 1 MW)

240

33%

491

67%

730

iii) HT (Demand more than 1 MW)

89

15%

506

85%

595

656

100%

0%

656

7. Railway traction
8. Bulk Supply to
a) Non Industrial Consumers

b) licensees

Total (Energy Consumption)

1213

20%

4984

80%

6197

From above table it is seen that UGVCL mainly supply power to Industries and Railways.
Out of total energy supply by UGVCL, almost 50% is supplied to Railways only.

68

2.2

TOTAL UTILISATION OF POWER

The total electricity consumption of the city was 6197 MU in year 2009-10. During the last
five years, the compounded average growth rate of electrical energy consumption of the
city was 2.99%.. The peak electric load (for area under purview of Torrent power) of the
city was 709 MW and 1039 MW during the year 2003-04 and 2009-10 respectively. During
the last five years, the compounded average growth rate of peak electric load of the city
was 6.57%.

3. CONSULTATION WITH STATE UTILITIES/ AUTHORITIES


During the course of electricity demand forecasting of Ahmedabad city, consultations were
made with concerned state utilities of Gujarat viz. Torrent Power Ltd. (TPL) and Gujarat
Urja Vikas Nigam Ltd (GUVNL) in January 2012. No representative of Uttar Gujarat Vij
Company Ltd. (UGVCL) participated in the meeting.
The main points discussed during the consultation with the state organizations outlined
below:

x The consumer categories as required for EPS and as per tariff structure of state are
slightly different due to which some categories have been merged for submission of
data to CEA.

x To bringing down the T & D losses gradually from 8.5%, Torrent Power Ltd. (TPL)
stated that due to limited generating capacity, power is also procured from other
sources in order to meet the demand of respective licensee area which involves
transmission losses. Therefore 8.5 % T & D losses is the saturation level beyond
which it cannot be reduced.

x The energy consumption in the categories of public lighting and commercial would
increase significantly in near future owing to presently ongoing major development
projects such as Bus Rapid Transport System (BRTS), 30 model roads, Sabarmati
River Front Project etc.

x The TPL clarified that the negative growth In case of industries (>1MW) category is
solely due to increase in consumption from the Captive Power plants attached with
some of the industries located in the licence area.

x The overall effect of conservation of energy due to increase gradual increase in use
of latest technology based energy efficient appliances would be negligible due to
fast growing rate of urbanisation.

x GUVNL indicated that in case of UGVCL licence area, the consumption of energy is
mainly on account of industrial category and railway traction category. It also added
that the peak demand data for supply made by UGVCL is not available.

x The latest data for 2010-11 was not made available to CEA and therefore GUVNL
was required to co-ordinate and furnish compiled data. GUVNL was also requested
to incorporate the correction/ changes as pointed out during meeting.

x The complete historical data of peak demand of entire city (simultaneous peak of
TPL and UGVCL) for the period from 2003-04 to 2009-10 was not available

69

therefore the same was estimated for the period from 2010-11 to 2021-22 by
considering submitted peak demand of TPL for the period from 2003-04 to 2009-10.

x Actual Annual Load Factor (ALF) for the year 2007-08, 2008-09 and 2009-10 was
70.60 %, 68.56 % and 68.64 % respectively. Therefore Annual Load Factor for the
12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22) was adopted as 68 % and 65 %
respectively. This adopted values of ALF were used to work out peak demand of the
city for the period from 2010-11 to 2021-22.

4. SALIENT FEATURES OF GROWTH OF INFRASTRUCTURE


The Sabarmati River Front project, Bus Rapid Transist System (BRTS), 30 model road
project are some of the main development projects for the city.

5. ELECTRICITY DEMAND PROJECTIONS


The specific details regarding growth in electricity demand due to development of
infrastructure was not furnished. The latest data for year 2010-11 was also not furnished to
CEA by UGVCL. The input data (upto 2009-10) as provided by TPL and UGVCL was
examined and the consultations were made regarding the factors governing the growth of
infrastructure and electricity demand in next 10 years. The steps initiated/planned by State
Authorities to implement different schemes which would have bearing on the electricity
demand were also broadly taken into consideration for the preparation of EPS.
As per EPS, the total electric energy requirement of Ahmedabad city is estimated to
be 11133 MUs and 16097 MUs by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22)
respectively. The total peak electrical load of Ahmedabad city is estimated to be 1869 MW
and 2827 MW by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22) respectively. The total
electricity consumption is expected to be of the order of 10102 MU by end of 12th plan and
14665 MU by end of 13th plan. The Transmission & Distribution losses of Ahmedabad city
could be brought down to 9.26% by end of 12th plan and further reduced gradually to
8.90% by end of 13th plan as a result of implementation of steps/measures initiated for
improvement of energy efficiency.
The pattern of utilization of the electric energy in 2009-10 indicates that the
industrial category contributes around 42.64% followed by domestic category 25.47%,
commercial 18.92% and others12.97%. The EPS result show that by end of 12th plan, the
utilization in industries category and others category is expected to slightly decline to
41.87% and 12.67% respectively whereas the utilization in domestic category and
commercial category would to increase to 25.72% and 19.74% respectively. By end of
13th plan, the utilization in domestic category and others category would likely to be
25.35% and 12.15% whereas the utilisation in industries and commercial category would
be 42.61% and 19.90% respectively.
Annexure A-1 & A-2 indicate the summaries of forecast comprising the category
wise/year wise details of the electricity consumption for the period from 2010-11 to 2021-22
in respect of TPL and UGVCL respectively. Whereas Annexure A-3 indicates forecast

70

comprising the category wise/year wise details of the electricity consumption, T&D losses,
electric energy requirement, peak load and pattern of utilization for the period from 2010-11
to 2021-22 in respect of Ahmadabad City.
The details of EPS results are indicated below:5.1

ENERGY REQUIREMENT

The total electrical energy requirement of the Ahmedabad City has been arrived by adding
T&D losses in the total electrical energy consumption at consumer level. The slightly
higher growth in the category of domestic, commercial and industrial has been considered
to wipe out the present shortage in the city.
The total energy requirement of the city during the year 2009-10 was 6870 MUs which is
expected to increase to 11133 MUs and 16097 MUs for the year 2016-17 and 2021-22.
The compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of energy requirement would be around
7.20% and 7.65% during 12th & 13th plan respectively. The DISCOM wise and year-wise
pattern of growth in electrical energy requirements for 12th & 13th Plan period is shown in
Fig A-1.

Fig. A-1 : Electrical Energy Requirement in MU


5.2

PEAK ELECTRIC LOAD

The Peak Electrical Demand of City was 780 MW during 2003-04 which rose to around
1143 MW by 2009-10 and is expected to grow @ 8.62% and 7.20% during 12th plan and
13th plan in spite of 6.57% actual growth from 2003-04 to 2009-10. The peak electric load
is expected to be 1869 MW and 2827 MW by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22)
plan respectively. The year-wise growth of peak load of Ahmedabad city for 12th & 13th
Plan period is shown in Fig A-2.

Fig. A-2 : Peak Electrical Load in MW

71

5.3

ENERGY CONSUMPTION

The total electricity consumption of the city during the year 2009-10 was 6197 MUs and is
expected to increase to 10102 MU and 14665 MU during the year 2016-17 and 2021-22
respectively with the annual growth rate of 7.44%. It can be seen that the utilisation pattern
would almost remain same throughout 12th and 13th Plan. The category wise growth in
electricity consumption as per EPS is illustrated in Fig A-3

Fig. A-3 : Category wise Energy consumption in MU


5.4

PATTERN OF ENERGY UTILISATION

5.4.1 FOR DISTRIBUTION AREAS OF TPL & UGVCL


(1) TPL

The consumption pattern for TPL for various sectors as on 2009-10 and as envisaged by
end of 12th plan & 13th plan is illustrated in fig A-4. From the utilisation pattern for the year
2009-10 , it can be seen that the highest energy is consumed by industries category
(42.87%) followed by domestic (30.97%), commercial (23.33%) and other remaining
categories (2.83%).

Fig. A-4 : Consumption Pattern For TPL

72

(2) UGVCL

The consumption pattern for UGVCL for various sectors as on 2009-10 and as envisaged
by end of 12th plan & 13th plan is illustrated in fig A-5. From the utilisation pattern for the
year 2009-10, the highest energy is consumed by others category (54.62%) followed by
industries category (41.70%), domestic (2.88%) and commercial (0.85%).

Fig. A-5 : Consumption Pattern For UGVCL


5.4.2 FOR DISTRIBUTION AREAS OF AHMEDABAD CITY

The consumption pattern for entire Greater Mumbai city for various sectors as on 2009-10
and as envisaged by end of 12th plan & 13th plan is illustrated in fig A-6. From the
utilisation pattern for the year 2009-10, it can be seen that the highest energy is consumed
by industries category (42.64%) followed by domestic (25.47%), commercial (18.92%) and
other remaining categories (12.97%).

Fig. A-6 : Consumption Pattern For Ahmedabad City


The pattern of utilization at the end of 12th & 13TH Plan reveal that the consumption in
domestic category would be 25.72% & 25.35%, in commercial category 19.74% & 19.90%
, in industrial category 41.87% and 42.61% and in others category 12.67% and 12.15%
(which includes public lighting, public water works, irrigation, railway and bulk consumers).
5.5

TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION LOSSES

The year wise and DISCOM wise pattern of reduction in T & D losses envisaged as per
EPS is indicated in Fig. A-7. The T & D losses for UGVCL and TPL during the year 200910 was 14.60% and 8.6% respectively. The T & D losses in case of UGVCL is expected to
reduce to 12.30% and 10.50% by the end of 12th plan and 13th plan period respectively.
Whereas The T & D losses in case of TPL is expected to remain 8.5% during 12th plan as
well as 13th plan period. The T & D losses for the entire city was 9.80% during the year
2009-10 and was expected to reduce to 9.26% and 8.90% by the end of 12th plan and 13th
plan period respectively.

73

Fig. A-7 : T & D Losses in Percentage

6.

CATEGORY WISE FORECAST


The category wise details of the forecast are discussed below:
6.1

DOMESTIC CATEGORY

The electrical energy consumption for the city in domestic category was 960 MUs and
1579 MUs during the year 2003-04 and 2009-10 respectively. Considering the past energy
consumption trends and keeping in view the probable impact of major development plans
proposed in the city , the number of consumers are expected to increase at the rate of 3%
and 6% per year in the distribution area of TPL and UGVCL respectively. Whereas the
energy consumption is expected to increase at the rate of 4.25% and 3% in respect of TPL
and UGVCL respectively. The DISCOM wise projected energy consumption under this
category for the period from 2010-11 to 2021-22 is indicated in Fig. A-8.

Fig. A-8 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Domestic Category


The total energy consumption of the city is expected to increase at the rate of 7.42%
during 12th and 13th plan period.
6.2

COMMERCIAL CATEGORY

The electrical energy consumption for the city in commercial category was 616 MUs and
1172 MUs during the year 2003-04 and 2009-10 respectively. Considering the past energy
consumption trends and keeping in view the probable impact of major development plans

74

in energy consumption, the number of consumers are expected to increase at the rate of
4% in areas of TPL and UGVCL both whereas the specific energy consumption is
expected to increase at the rate of 3.75% and 3% per year in respect of TPL and UGVCL
respectively. The DISCOM wise projected energy consumption under this category for the
period from 2010-11 to 2021-22 is indicated in Fig.A-9

Fig. A-9 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Commercial Category


The total energy consumption of the city would grow by 7.89% and 7.91% during 12th &
13th plan period respectively which includes the impact of important development projects.
6.3

INDUSTRIAL CATEGORY

The electrical energy consumption for the city in industrial sector was 1429 MUs and 2643
MUs during the year 2003-04 and 2009-10 respectively. The actual CAGR in industries
sector (which including LT & HT industries) for UGVCL, TPL and entire city was 5.087%,
6.21% and 10.79% respectively. Keeping in view the present infrastructural development
in the Ahmedabad city, the higher growth has been adopted to cope up with the proposed
development activities. The adopted growth rate for the 13th plan for UGVCL and TPL is
7.04% and 6.92% respectively. Whereas the growth rate figures for 14th plan for UGVCL
and TPL is 8.48% and 8.02% respectively. As a result, the energy consumption in
industrial sector is expected to increase at the rate of 7.01% and 8.11% per year during
the 12th and 13th plan period respectively. The energy consumption would be 4218 MUs
and 6248 MUs by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan respectively. The
DISCOM wise projected energy consumption under this category for the period from 201011 to 2021-22 is indicated in Fig. A-10.

Fig. A-10 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Industrial Category

75

6.4

OTHERS (Public Lighting, PWW, Irrigation, Railways & Non Industrial)

The categories included in others are public lighting, public water works, irrigation, railways
and non-industrial.The electrical energy consumption in others was 136 MUs and 981 MUs
during the year 2003-04 and 2009-10 respectively. The actual CAGR for the entire city in
these sectors was around 39%. Electrical Energy Consumption in these sectors will be
1574 MUs and 1781 MUs by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan period
respectively which is expected to be increase at the rate of 6.86% during the 12th and 13th
plan period respectively. The DISCOM wise projected energy consumption under this
category for the period from 2010-11 to 2021-22 is indicated in Fig. A-11.

Fig. A-11 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Others Category

CONCLUSION
Ahmedabad with 5.57 million population is having comparatively large industrial setup
owing to which the percentage consumption of energy under industries category is next to
Surat. It is one of the few cities in country which has long experience of private power
distribution management. The total electricity consumption of 6197 MUs during the year
2009-10 is expected to 10102 MU and 14665 MU during the year 2016-17 and 2021-22
respectively with the annual growth rate of 7.44%.The growth of electrical energy demand
is mainly due to increase in population, industries, infrastructure etc. The utilisation pattern
would almost remain same throughout 12th and 13th Plan.



76

77

78

79

PatternofUtilisation
Category
Domestic
Comm.
Industries
Others
Total

2010-11
25.49
19.05
42.44
13.03
100.00

2011-12
25.53
19.16
42.35
12.96
100.00

2012-13
25.57
19.28
42.26
12.90
100.00

2013-14
25.60
19.39
42.16
12.84
100.00

2014-15
25.64
19.51
42.07
12.78
100.00

2015-16
25.68
19.62
41.97
12.73
100.00

EnergyConsumptioninMUs
ConsumptionCategories
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
1691
1817
1952
2096
2252
2419
Domestic
1264
1364
1471
1588
1713
1848
Commercial & Misc.
54
59
65
71
77
84
Public lighting
108
112
117
121
125
130
Public Water Works
0
0
0
0
0
0
Irrigation
1410
1508
1612
1723
1841
1968
Industries LT
1406
1506
1614
1729
1853
1985
Industries HT
702
751
804
860
920
985
Railway traction
0
0
0
0
0
0
Bulk Supply
Total (Energy
6636
7117
7634
8187
8782
9419
Consumption)
692
745
796
852
912
969
T&D losses -MU
9.45
9.47
9.45
9.43
9.41
9.33
T&D losses -in %
7328
7862
8430
9040
9693
10388
Energy Requirement - MU
68.00
68.00
68.00
68.00
68.00
68.00
Annual Load Factor - %
1230
1320
1415
1518
1627
1744
Peak Load - MW

2016-17
25.69
19.80
41.93
12.58
100.00

10868
1100
9.19
11968
65.00
2102

10102
1031
9.26
11133
68.00
1869

2016-17
25.72
19.74
41.87
12.67
100.00

2017-18
2791
2152
101
140
0
2264
2293
1127
0

2016-17
2599
1994
92
135
0
2103
2127
1054
0

2017-18
25.60
19.82
42.11
12.47
100.00

11713
1176
9.12
12889
65.00
2264

2018-19
2999
2322
110
145
0
2448
2484
1206
0

2018-19
25.52
19.85
42.28
12.36
100.00

12624
1256
9.05
13881
65.00
2438

2019-20
3221
2505
120
150
0
2647
2690
1291
0

Ahemdabad
18thELECTRICPOWERSURVEYFORECAST
SUMMARYOFELECTRICALENERGYCONSUMPTION,ENERGYREQUIREMENTANDPEAKLOAD
CATEGORYWISE&YEARWISE(Utilitiesonly)
(201011to202122)

2019-20
25.43
19.87
42.44
12.25
100.00

13606
1341
8.97
14947
65.00
2625

2020-21
3461
2704
131
155
0
2861
2914
1381
0

2020-21
25.35
19.90
42.61
12.15
100.00

14665
1432
8.90
16097
65.00
2827

2021-22
3718
2918
143
161
0
3092
3156
1478
0

AnnexureA3

APPENDIX A-1

80

APPENDIX- A2

81

82

Electric Power Survey


SURAT CITY
1. INTRODUCTION
Surat is a city located on the western part of India in the state of Gujarat. It is one of
the most dynamic city of India with one of the fastest growth rate due to immigration
from various part of Gujarat and other states of India. Surat is Indias tenth and
Gujarats second most populous city with population of 2.48 millions as per 2001
census. The city is located at 2110N 7250E21.17N 72.83E. It has an average
elevation of 13 meters. The Surat district is surrounded by Bharuch, Narmada
(North), Navsari and Dang (South) districts. To the west is the Gulf of Cambay. Surat
has grown in area since the early 1700s. The oldest part of the city developed in the
area between the train station and the area known as Athwalines. Since the 1970s
most of the new development including the most desirable location for the city's
burgeoning middle and upper class is the area between Athwalines and the coast at
Dumas.
1.1 CLIMATE & RAINFALL

Surat has a tropical savanna climate, moderated strongly by the Arabian Sea. The
summer begins in early March and lasts till June. April and May are the hottest
months, the average maximum temperature being 40 C. Monsoon begins in late
June and the city receives about 1,000 millimetres of rain by the end of September,
with the average maximum being 32 C during those months. October and
November see the retreat of the monsoon and a return of high temperatures till late
November. Winter starts in December and ends in late February, with average
temperatures of around 23 C, and little rain.
1.2 INDUSTRY & ECONOMY

Surat is known for diamonds, textiles and recently for diamond-studded gold
jewellery manufacturing. Real Estate is a new emerging business in Surat. It is also
famous for its diamond industry and textile industry, along with silk and chemical
industries. The city is known for producing world-class synthetic textiles. Jari, is the
oldest business in Surat, and about 80000 embroidery units make the city a major
center of the embroidery industry
Surat also has many industrial Giants such as KRIBHCO mammoth fertiliser plant,
Reliance petrochemical plant, Essar's 10 million tonne steel plant, L&T's heavy
engineering unit, GSEG, gas processing plant of ONGC, GAIL (Gas Authority India
Ltd.), NTPC -KGPP gas based power plant, Shell LNG terminal All these at Hazira
and ABG Shipyard (Shipbuilding Yard) and UltraTech Cement (grinding Unit) at
Magdalla port where as Torrent Power has mega power plant and GIPCL has got a
huge lignite power plant in kamrej area.

83

2. POWER SCENARIO
2.1 DISCOM WISE SHARE OF DISTRIBUTION OF POWER
The distribution of power to the Surat City is under purview of Torrent Power Ltd.
(TPL) and Dakshin Gujarat Vij Company Ltd. (DGVCL). TPL efficiently distributed
over 3.024 BUs.of power (46% of total supply to city) to its consumer in FY 2009-10
spread over 52 Sq. Kms. in main city area whereas DGVCL has distributed 3.509
BUs.of power (54% of total supply to city) to its consumer in same year in the
remaining area of the city. The category wise supply of energy by each DISCOM
during 2009-10 is illustrated in table S-1.
Table S-1
SUMMARY OF CATEGORY WISE SUPPLY OF ENERGY DURING 2009-10

1. Domestic
2. Commercial & Misc.
3. Public lighting
4. Public Water Works
i) LT
ii) HT (Demand less than 1
iii) HT (Demand more than 1
MW)
5. Irrigation

i) P/S
ii) LIS
6. Industries
i) LT
ii) HT (Demand less than 1
iii) HT (Demand more than 1
7. Railway traction
8. Bulk Supply to
a) Non Industrial Consumers
b) licensees
Total (Energy Consumption)

DGVLC
TPL
ENER
% OF ENER
% OF
GY TOTAL
GY TOTA
CONS.
CONS.
L
IN
IN
MUs
MUs
527
49%
556
51%
223
32%
468
68%
11
47%
12
53%

TOTAL

1083
691
22

0
27
35

0%
64%
52%

0
15
32

0%
36%
48%

0
42
67

0
0

0%
0%

0
0

0%
0%

0
0

1731
776
90
89

50%
82%
90%
100%

1759
171
11
0

50%
18%
10%
0%

3490
946
101
89

0
0
3509

0%
0%
54%

0
0
3024

0%
0%
46%

0
0
6532

84

2.2

TOTAL UTILISATION OF POWER

The total electricity consumption of the city was 6532 MU in year 2009-10. During
the last five years, the city has observed more or less steady growth rate of 4 -5 %.
The peak electric load (calculated) of the city was 1014 MW and 1145 MW during
the year 2003-04 and 2009-10 respectively. During the last five years, the
compounded average growth rate of peak electric load of the city was 2.26%. A
Power map of part of Surat City for the distribution area of Torrent Power Ltd.and
DGVCL showing distribution network and other details is given at Appendix S-1 &
S-2..

3. CONSULTATION WITH STATE UTILITIES / AUTHORITIES


During the course of electricity demand forecasting of Surat, the consultations were
made with the GUVNL and TPL in January 2012..
The main points discussed during the consultations with the state organizations are
outlined below:

The complete area of city is divided into TPL licence area and DGVCL
licence area. The licence area of TPL covers interior part of city whereas
licence area of DGVCL covers outskirt of city. It was therefore decided during
the consultation that the complete details of city related to city survey would
be compiled by GUVNL and furnished to CEA at the earliest.

During consultation process, it was felt that the availability of pattern of


growth in various categories of consumers would help forecasting the demand
of city in better manner. It was therefore decided that the GUVNL would
compile the informations related to pattern of growth in various categories of
consumers of the city and furnish to CEA.

In order to arrive at an accurate forecasting, it is very necessary that the input


data be correct in all respects. it was therefore unanimously agreed by all
utilities to furnish the corrected data.

Distribution map of only TPL license area was available at the time of
consultation. Therefore it was decided after very lengthy discussion that the
complete distribution map showing distribution network along with major
electrical equipments for complete city of Surat be prepared collectively by all
the utilities and submitted to CEA so that the same can be incorporated in
final EPS report.

As regard to impacts of future development of infrastructures on electricity


demand, it was decided that the separate infrastructure development plan for
12th and 13th plan period be submitted separately.

85

In the exercise of forecasting of any city, peak demand of the city needs to be
taken into account. As the power is supplied by two utilities in Surat city, peak
demand of whole city was required to be furnished to CEA. It was therefore
decided that the peak demand would be calculated collectively by both the
DISCOMs under consultation with GUVNL and GUVNL would furnished to
CEA.

The complete historical data of peak demand of entire city (simultaneous peak
of TPL and DGVCL) for the period from 2003-04 to 2009-10 was not
available. In such a situation, the peak demand of entire city for the period
from 2010-11 to 2021-22 was estimated by taking into account peak demand
submitted by TPL for the period from 2003-04 to 2009-10.

Actual Annual Load Factor (ALF) for the year 2007-08, 2008-09 and 2009-10
was 66.49 %, 70.09 % and 71.78 % respectively. Therefore Annual Load
Factor for the 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22) was adopted as 70
% and 68 % respectively. This adopted values of ALF were used to work out
peak demand of the city for the period from 2010-11 to 2021-22.

4. SALIENT FEATURES OF GROWTH OF INFRASTRUCTURE


Master Plan of Surat is not available.

5. ELECTRICITY DEMAND PROJECTIONS


The input data (upto 2009-10) as provided by TPL and DGVCL was examined and
the consultations were made regarding the factors governing the growth of
infrastructure and electricity demand in next 10 years. The steps initiated / planned
by State Authorities to implement different schemes which would have bearing on
the electricity demand were also broadly taken into consideration for the preparation
of EPS.
The EPS of Surat city has been undertaken after taking into consideration the above
aspects.
As per EPS, the total electric energy requirements of Surat city is estimated to
be 11053 MUs and 15225 MUs by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (202122) respectively. The peak load requirements of Surat city is estimated to be 1802
MW and 2556 MW by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22)
respectively. The total electricity consumption is expected to be of the order of
10099 MU and by end of 12th plan and 13940 MU by end of 13th plan. The
Transmission & Distribution losses of Surat city are expected to reduce to 8.62% and
8.44% by the end of 12th plan and 13th plan period respectively.
The pattern of utilization of the electric energy in 2009-10 indicates that the
industrial category contributes around 69.46% followed by domestic category

86

16.58%, commercial 10.59% and others 3.37%. The EPS results indicates that by
end of 12th plan, the utilization in industrial category and others category is expected
to decrease to 65.23% and 3.03% respectively whereas the utilisation in domestic
category and commercial category would increase to 20.85% and 10.89%
respectively.
Annexure S-1 & S-2 indicate the summaries of forecast comprising the category
wise/year wise details of the electricity consumption for the period from 2010-11 to
2021-22 in respect of TPL and DGVCL respectively. Whereas Annexure S-3
indicates forecast comprising the category wise/year wise details of the electricity
consumption, T&D losses, electric energy requirement, peak load and pattern of
utilization for the period from 2010-11 to 2021-22 in respect of Surat City.
The details of EPS results are described below:5.1

ENERGY REQUIREMENT

The total electrical energy requirement of the Surat City has been arrived by adding
T&D losses in the total electrical energy consumption at consumer level. The slightly
higher growth in the category of domestic, commercial and industrial has been
considered to wipe out the present shortage in the city.
The total energy requirement of the city during the year 2009-10 was 7202 MUs
which is expected to increase to 11053 MUs and 15225 MUs for the year 2016-17
and 2021-22. The compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of energy requirement
would be around 6.60% and 6.61% during 12th & 13th plan respectively. The year
wise energy requirement by each DISCOM and city is given in Fig. S-1.

Fig. S-1 : Electrical Energy Requirement in MU


5.2

PEAK ELECTRIC LOAD

According to the data furnish by TPL and DGVCL, the Peak Demand of City
(calculated) was 1014 MW during 2003-04 which rose to 1145 MW by 2009-10 and

87

is expected to grow @ 6.69% and 7.23% during 12th and 13th plan respectively. As
the result of the study of pattern of utilization of various categories and the present
shortage in the city, the peak electric load will be 1802 MW and 2556 MW by the end
of 12th (2016-17)and 13th (2021-22)plan respectively. The year wise growth of peak
electric load of Surat city during 12th and 13th plan is illustrated in fig. S-2

Fig. S-2 :Peak Electrical Load in MW


5.3

ENERGY CONSUMPTION

The total electricity consumption of the city during the year 2009-10 was 6532 MUs
and is expected to increase to 10099 MU and 13940 MU during the year 2016-17
and 2021-22 respectively with the annual growth rate of 6.52%. The category wise
growth of electricity consumption as per EPS is illustrated in fig. S-3.

Fig. S-3 : Category wise Energy consumption in MU

88

5.4
5.4.1

PATTERN OF ENERGY UTILISATION


FOR DISTRIBUTION AREA OF TPL / DGVCL

(1) TPL
The consumption pattern for TPL for various sectors as on 2009-10 and as
envisaged by end of 12th plan & 13th plan is illustrated in fig S-4. From the utilisation
pattern for the year 2009-10, it can be seen that the highest energy is consumed by
industries category (64.16%) followed by domestic (18.40%), commercial (15.49%)
and other remaining categories (1.95%).

Fig. S-4 : Consumption Pattern For TPL


(2) DGVCL
The consumption pattern for DGVCL for various sectors as on 2009-10 and as
envisaged by end of 12th plan & 13th plan is illustrated in fig S-5. From the utilisation
pattern for the year 2009-10, the highest energy is consumed by industrial category
(74.02%) followed by domestic (15.02%), commercial (6.36%), and others (3.84%).

Fig. S-5 : Consumption Pattern For DGVCL


5.4.2

FOR COMPLETE DISTRIBUTION AREA OF SURAT CITY

The consumption pattern for entire Greater Mumbai city for various sectors as on
2009-10 and as envisaged by end of 12th plan & 13th plan is illustrated in fig S6.From the utilisation pattern for the year 2009-10, it can be seen that the highest
energy is consumed by industries category (69.46%) followed by domestic (16.58%),
commercial (10.59%), and other remaining categories (3.37%).

89

Fig. S-6 : Consumption Pattern For Surat city


The pattern of utilization at the end of 12th & 13TH Plan reveal that the consumption
in domestic category would be 20.85% & 24.34%, in commercial category 10.89% &
11.07%, in industrial category 65.23% and 61.73% and in others category 3.03%
and 2.86% (which includes public lighting, public water works, irrigation, railway and
bulk consumers).
5.5

TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION LOSSES

The T & D losses for DGVCL and TPL during the year 2009-10 was 11.80% and
6.13% respectively. The T & D losses in case of DGVCL is expected to reduce to
10.57% and 10.15% by the end of 12th plan and 13th plan period respectively.
Whereas The T & D losses in case of TPL is expected to remain 6.00% during 12th
plan as well as 13th plan period. The T & D losses for the entire city was 9.29%
during the year 2009-10 and was expected to reduce to 8.62% and 8.44% by the
end of 12th plan and 13th plan period respectively. The year wise and DISCOM wise
pattern of reduction in T & D losses envisaged as per EPS is indicated in Fig. S-7.

Fig. S-7 : T & D Losses in Percentage

90

6. CATEGORY WISE FORECAST


6.1

DOMESTIC CATEGORY

The electrical energy consumption for the city in domestic category was 639 MUs
and 1183 MUs during the year 2003-04 and 2009-10 respectively. Considering the
past energy consumption trends and keeping in view the probable impact of major
development plans proposed in the city, the number of consumers is expected to
increase at the rate of 4% and 6% per year in the distribution area of TPL and
DGVCL respectively. Whereas the specific energy consumption is expected to
increase at the rate of 5% and 4.5% in respect of TPL and DGVCL respectively. The
DISCOM wise projected energy consumption under this category for the period from
2010-11 to 2021-22 is indicated in Fig. S-8.
.

Fig. S-8 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Domestic Category


The energy consumption is expected to increase at the rate of 9.98% and
10.01% during 12th and 13th plan period respectively.
6.2

COMMERCIAL

The electrical energy consumption for the city in commercial category was 426 MUs
and 691 MUs during the year 2003-04 and 2009-10 respectively. Considering the
past energy consumption trends and keeping in view the probable impact of major
development plans in energy consumption, the number of consumers are expected
to increase at the rate of 2.5% and 5% per year in the distribution area of TPL and
DGVCL respectively whereas the specific energy consumption is expected to
increase at the rate of 3% and 4% per year in respect of TPL and DGVCL
respectively. The energy consumption of city would grow by 6.86% and 7.00%
during 12th & 13th plan period respectively which includes the impact of important
development projects.

91

The DISCOM wise projected energy consumption under this category for the period
from 2010-11 to 2021-22 is indicated in Fig. S-9.

Fig. S-9 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Commercial Category


6.3 INDUSTRIAL
The electrical energy consumption for the city in industrial sector was 3145 MUs and
4537 MUs during the year 2003-04 and 2009-10 respectively. The actual CAGR of
last five years of industrial sector (which including LT & HT industries) in respect of
DGVCL, TPL and entire city was 8.88%, 2.24% and 5.73% respectively. Keeping in
view the present infrastructural development in the Surat city, the higher growth has
been adopted to cope up with the proposed development activities. The adopted
growth rate for the 12th plan for DGVCL and TPL is 6.50% and 4.61% respectively.
Whereas the growth rate figures for 13th plan for DGVCL and TPL is 6.04% and
4.62% respectively. As a result, the energy consumption is expected to increase at
the rate of 5.72% and 5.48% per year during the 12th and 13th plan period
respectively. The Energy consumption for entire city in industrial sector would be
6588 MUs and 8606 MUs by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan
respectively.
The DISCOM wise projected energy consumption under this category for the period
from 2010-11 to 2021-22 is indicated in Fig.S-10.

Fig. S-10 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Industrial Category

92

6.4 OTHERS(Public Lighting, PWW, Irrigation, Railways & Non Industrial)


Categories included in others are public lighting, public water works, irrigation,
railways and non-industrial.The electrical energy consumption in others was 160
MUs and 220 MUs during the year 2003-04 and 2009-10 respectively. The actual
CAGR for the entire city in these sectors was 5.52%. Electrical Energy
Consumption by the city under these sectors will be 306 MUs and 399 MUs by the
end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan period respectively which is expected
to increase at the rate of 5.14% and 5.43% during the 12th and 13th plan period
respectively. The DISCOM wise projected energy consumption under this category
for the period from 2010-11 to 2021-22 is indicated in Fig. S-11.

Fig. S-11 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Others Category

7. CONCLUSION
Surat with 2.48 million population (as per 2001 census) is having densely developed
industrial setup. The major portion of industrial belt of the country is located in Surat
due to which enormous power is required by this city. In Surat city, nearly 65 %
power is consumed by industries only which is highest among all the mega cities of the
country. The total electricity consumption of city during the year 2009-10 was 7202
MUs and is expected to increase to 10099 MU and 13940 MU during the year 201617 and 2021-22 respectively with the annual growth rate of 6.52%.The growth of
electrical energy demand is mainly due to increase in population, industries,
infrastructure and etc. From the patterns of energy utilisation of city, the utilisation in
commercial category and domestic category would increase by 0.18% and 3.49%
respectively within the period from the end of 12th plan to end of 13th plan. Whereas
the utilisation of energy in industry and others category would decrease by 3.5% and
0.17% respectively within the same period.

93

Appendix S-1

94

Appendix S-2

95

96

97

98

Wh
Category
Domestic
Comm.
Industries
Others
Total

2010-11
17.30
10.75
68.64
3.32
100.00

2011-12
17.86
10.77
68.10
3.27
100.00

2012-13
18.43
10.80
67.54
3.23
100.00

2013-14
19.02
10.82
66.98
3.18
100.00

2014-15
19.62
10.85
66.41
3.13
100.00

2015-16
20.23
10.87
65.82
3.08
100.00

Dh
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16


Domestic

Commercial & Misc.

Public lighting

Public Water Works

Irrigation

Industries LT

Industries HT

Railway traction

Bulk Supply
Total (Energy

Consumption)

T&D losses -MU

T&D losses -in %

Energy Requirement - MU

A
dF
t -%
Annuall L
Load
Factor

Peak Load - MW

2016-17
21.50
10.92
64.58
3.00
100.00

2016-17
20.85
10.89
65.23
3.03
100.00

2017-18

2016-17

2017-18
22.19
10.96
63.88
2.96
100.00

2018-19

2018-19
22.90
11.00
63.18
2.93
100.00

2019-20


  
  
 
 

  


2019-20
23.61
11.03
62.46
2.90
100.00

2020-21



2020-21
24.34
11.07
61.73
2.86
100.00

2021-22

Electric Power Survey


PUNE CITY
1. INTRODUCTION
Pune, also known as 'Punawadi' or Punya-Nagari, is the second largest city in Maharashtra,
after Mumbai. Pune is known to have existed as a town since 937 AD. Shivaji, the founder of
the Maratha Empire, lived in Pune as a boy, and later oversaw significant growth and
development of the town during his reign. In independent India, Pune is known for its
educational facilities, having more than a hundred educational institutes and nine
universities. It also boasts a growing industrial hinterland, with many information technology
and automotive companies setting up factories in Pune district. The area of Pune Municipal
Corporation is 243.84 Square Kilometres with population of 50,49,968 (density 20,710).
1.1 CLIMATE & RAINFALL
Pune has a tropical wet and dry climate with average temperatures ranging between 20 to
28 C. Pune experiences three seasons: summer, monsoon and a winter. Typical summer
months are from March to May, with maximum temperatures ranging from 30 to 38 C. The
warmest month in Pune is April; although summer doesn't end until May, the city often
receives heavy thundershowers in May (and humidity remains high). Even during the hottest
months, the nights are usually cool due to Pune's high altitude. The monsoon lasts from
June to October, with moderate rainfall and temperatures ranging from 10 to 28 C . Most of
the 722 mm of annual rainfall in the city fall between June and September, and July is the
wettest month of the year. Hailstorms are also common in this region. Winter begins in
November; November in particular is referred to as the Rosy Cold. The daytime temperature
hovers around 28 C while night temperature is below 10 C for most of December and
January, often dropping to 5 to 6 C.
1.2 INDUSTRY & ECONOMY
As one of the largest cities in India, and as a result of its many colleges and universities,
Pune is emerging as a prominent location for IT and manufacturing companies to expand.
Pune has the seventh largest metropolitan economy and the sixth highest per capita income
in the country. The automotive sector is prominent in Pune. It is home to the Automotive
Research Association of India, which is responsible for the homologation of all vehicles
available in India. All sectors of the automotive industry are represented, from two-wheelers
and autorickshaws to cars, tractors, tempos, excavators and trucks. The Hinjawadi IT Park
(officially called the Rajeev Gandhi IT Park) is a project being started by MIDC to house the
IT sector in Pune. When completed, the Hinjawadi IT Park is expected to have an area of
about 2,800 acres (11 km2). To facilitate economic growth, the government made liberal
incentives in its IT and ITES Policy, 2003 and leased properties on MIDC land. The IT sector
employs more than 70,000 people. Pune Food Cluster development project is an initiative
funded by the World Bank. It is being implemented with the help of SIDBI, Cluster Craft to
facilitate the development of the fruit and vegetable processing industries in and around
Pune.

99

2. POWER SCENARIO
The distribution of power to the Pune City is under purview of Maharashtra State Electricity
Distribution Co. Ltd. (MSEDCL) after unbundling of Maharashtra State Electricity Board. The
total electricity consumption of the city was 5773 MU in year 2009-10. During the last five
years, the city has observed more or less steady annual growth rate of 9 -16 % in terms of
electrical energy consumption. The peak electric load of the city was 1027 MW during the
year 2009-10. A map showing grid sub stations and transmission & distribution system of
Pune is given at Appendix P.

3. CONSULTATION WITH STATE UTILITIES / AUTHORITIES


During the course of electricity demand forecasting of Pune, the consultations were made
with the MSETCL / MSEDCL.
The main points discussed during the consultation with the state organizations outlined
below:

Historical data of Year wise connected load in case of industrial categories


(contracted demand > 1MW) were not available with power utilities.

Actual annual load factor for the year 2009-10, 2010-11 and 2011-12 (calculated
based on actual peak demand) was 71.82%, 74.38% and 75.52% respectively which
was quite high and therefore MSEDCL was requested to reconsider the figures of
peak load for the above period, however it was intimated that the submitted data
were in order.

The peak load of city for the period from 2003-04 to 2008-09 was not available and
therefore the same was calculated by considering 75 % annual load factor. The
adopted values of annual load factor for the period from 2012-13 to 2016-17 (12th
plan) and 2017-18 to 2021-22 (13th plan) are 70% and 68% respectively.

4. SALIENT FEATURES OF GROWTH OF INFRASTRUCTURE


Master Plan for the city is not available

5. ELECTRICITY DEMAND PROJECTIONS


The input data provided by MSEDCL was examined and the consultations were made
regarding the factors governing the growth of infrastructure and electricity demand in next 10
years. The steps initiated / planned by State Authorities to implement different schemes
which would have bearing on the electricity demand were analysed and also broadly taken
into consideration for the preparation of EPS. The EPS of Pune city has been undertaken
after taking into consideration the above aspects.
As per EPS, the total electric energy requirement of Pune city is estimated to be 12819 MUs
and 21111 MUs by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22) respectively. The
peak load requirements of the city is estimated to be 2091 MW and 3544 MW by end of 12th
plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22) respectively. The total electricity consumption is
expected to be 11625 MU by end of 12th plan and 19241 MU by end of 13th plan. The

100

Transmission & Distribution losses of the city are expected to be brought down to 9.31% by
end of 12th plan and further reduced gradually to 8.85% by end of 13th plan.
The pattern of utilization of the electric energy in 2009-10 indicates that the industries
category contributes around 37.58 % followed by domestic category 28.62 %, commercial
category 19.09 % and others 14.71 %. The EPS results indicates that by end of 12th plan,
the utilization in industries and others category are expected to decrease to 36.38 % and
13.66 % respectively whereas the utilisation in commercial category would increase to
20.81 % and utilisation in domestic category is expected to remain constant.
Annexure P indicates the category wise/year wise details of the electricity consumption,
T&D losses, electric energy requirement, peak load and pattern of utilization for 12th & 13th
plan period for the Pune city.
The details of EPS results are described below.
5.1 ENERGY REQUIREMENT
The total electrical energy requirement of the City has been arrived by adding T&D losses in
the total electrical energy consumption at consumer level. The slightly higher growth in the
category of domestic, commercial and industrial has been considered to wipe out the
present shortage in the city.
The total energy requirement of the city during the year 2009-10 was 6458 MUs which is
expected to increase to 12819 MUs and 21111 MUs for the year 2016-17 and 2021-22. The
compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of energy requirement would be around 10.56 %
and 10.49 % during 12th & 13th plan respectively. The year wise energy requirement for 12th
& 13th plan period is shown in fig. P-1.

Fig.P-1 : Electrical Energy Requirement in MU

5.2 PEAK ELECTRIC LOAD


According to the data furnish by the MSEDCL, the Peak Demand of City (actual) was 1027
MW, 1077 MW and 1173 MW during 2009-10, 2010-11 and 2011-12 respectively and is
expected to grow at the rate of 12.25 % and 11.13% during 12th plan and 13th plan
respectively in spite of 9.37% actual growth from 2009-10 to 2010-11. As the result of the

101

study of pattern of utilization of various categories and the present shortage in the city, the
peak electric load will be 2091 MW and 3544 MW by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th
(2021-22)plan respectively. The year wise growth of peak electric load of city during 12th and
13th plan is illustrated in fig. P-2

Fig. P-2 :Peak Electrical Load in MW


5.3

ENERGY CONSUMPTION

The total electricity consumption of the city during the year 2009-10 was 5773 MUs and is
expected to increase to 11625 MU and 19241 MU during the year 2016-17 and 2021-22
respectively with the annual growth rate of 9.93 %. The category wise growth in electricity
consumption as per EPS is illustrated in Fig. P-3.

Fig. P-3 : Category wise Energy consumption in MU


From the utilisation pattern for the year 2009-10, it can be seen that the highest energy is
consumed by industries category (37.58%) followed by domestic (28.62%), commercial
(19.09%) and other remaining categories (14.71%).
The pattern of utilization at the end of 12th & 13TH Plan would be 29.14 % & 29.35 % in
domestic, 20.81 % & 21.97 % in commercial, 36.38 % and 35.63 % in industrial sector and

102

13.66 % & 13.5 % in others (which includes public lighting, public water works, irrigation,
railway and bulk consumers) for 12th & 13th plan respectively. The consumption pattern for
various sectors as on 2009-10 and as envisaged by end of 12th plan & 13th plan is illustrated
in fig P-4.

.
5.4

Fig. P-4 : Consumption Pattern For Indore City

TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION LOSSES

The T & D losses for Pune during the year 2009-10 was 10.61% which is expected
to reduce to 9.31% and 8.85% by the end of 12th plan and 13th plan period
respectively. The year wise pattern of reduction in T & D losses envisaged as per
EPS is indicated in Fig. P-5.

Fig. P-5 : T & D Losses in Percentage

6. CATEGORY WISE FORECAST


6.1 DOMESTIC CATEGORY
The electrical energy consumption in domestic category was 968 MUs and 1652 MUs during
the year 2004-05 and 2009-10 respectively. Considering the past energy consumption
trends and keeping in view the probable impact of major development plans proposed in the
city, the number of consumers are expected to increase at the rate of 6.5% per year during
the 12th and 13th plan. The energy consumption is expected to increase at the rate of
10.76% during 12th and 13th plan period.

103

The projected energy consumption under this category for the period from 2010-11 to 202122 is indicated in Fig.P-6.

Fig. P-6 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Domestic Category


6.2

COMMERCIAL

The electrical energy consumption in commercial category was 334 MUs and 1102 MUs
during the year 2004-05 and 2009-10 respectively. Considering the past energy
consumption trends and keeping in view the probable impact of major development plans in
energy consumption, the number of consumers are expected to increase at the rate of 7.5%
per year during the 12th and 13th plan respectively. The specific energy consumption is
expected to increase at the rate of 4% per year during 12th and 13th plan period. The
energy consumption would grow by 11.80% during 12th & 13th plan period which includes
the impact of important development projects.
The projected energy consumption under this category for the period from 2010-11 to 202122 is indicated in Fig.P-7.

Fig. P-7 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Commercial Category


6.3 INDUSTRIAL
The electrical energy consumption in industrial sector was 1379 MUs and 2169 MUs during
the year 2004-05 and 2009-10 respectively. The actual CAGR in industrial sector (which
including (LT & HT industries) was 7.84%. Keeping in view the present infrastructural
development in the city in near future, the higher growth has been adopted to cope up with

104

the proposed development activities. The Energy consumption in industrial sector will be
4230 MUs and 6856 MUs by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan respectively
which is expected to increase at the rate of 10.49% and 10.14% per year during the 12th
and 13th plan period respectively.
The projected energy consumption under this category for the period from 2010-11 to 202122 is indicated in Fig.P-8.

Fig. P-8 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Industrial Category


6.3

OTHERS (Public Lighting, PWW, Irrigation, Railways & Non Industrial)

Categories included in others are public lighting, public water works, irrigation, railways and
non-industrial.The electrical energy consumption in others was 482 MUs and 849 MUs
during the year 2004-05 and 2009-10 respectively. Electrical Energy Consumption in these
sectors will be 1588 MUs and 2512 MUs by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22)
plan period respectively which is expected to be increase at the rate of 9.55% and 9.60% per
year during the 12th and 13th plan period respectively.
The projected energy consumption under this category for the period from 2010-11 to 202122 is indicated in Fig.P-9.

Fig. P-9 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Others Category

7. CONCLUSION
Pune with 50.49 lakh population is having large residential, commercial and industrial
setup. In Pune highest energy is consumed by industrial category of consumers. The
total electricity consumption of 5773 MUs during the year 2009-10 is expected to
increase to 11625 MU and 19241 MU during the year 2016-17 and 2021-22

105

respectively with the annual growth rate of 10.553%.The growth of electrical energy
demand is mainly due to increase in population, industries, infrastructure and
purchasing capacity. The utilisation of energy in commercial category and domestic
category would increase by 1.16% and 0.21% respectively from the end of 12th plan to
end of 13th plan whereas the utilisation in industries and others category would
decrease by 0.75% and 0.61% respectively from the end of 12th plan to end of 13th
plan.
To achieve the growth of electricity demand and electricity consumption as projected
in the report, the state utilities and other concern organisations would need to
formulate the matching action plan to implement the polices /programmes during the
12th plan period.


106

Appendix P
(Page-1of 2)

Distribution Network of Pune


(1)

Ganesh Khind Urban Circle

107

Appendix P
(Page-2of 2)

108

109

Wh
Category
Domestic
Comm.
Industries
Others
Total

2010-11
29.03
19.60
36.84
14.53
100.00

2011-12
29.04
19.79
36.80
14.37
100.00

2012-13
29.05
19.98
36.75
14.22
100.00

2013-14
29.06
20.18
36.68
14.07
100.00

2014-15
29.09
20.39
36.60
13.93
100.00

2015-16
29.11
20.60
36.50
13.79
100.00

Dh
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16


Domestic

Commercial & Misc.

Public lighting

Public Water Works

Irrigation

Industries LT

Industries HT

Railway traction

Bulk Supply
Total (Energy

Consumption)

T&D losses -MU

T&D losses -in %

Energy Requirement - MU

A
dF
t -%
Annuall L
Load
Factor

Peak Load - MW

2016-17
29.18
21.03
36.25
13.53
100.00

2016-17
29.14
20.81
36.38
13.66
100.00

2017-18

2016-17

2017-18
29.22
21.26
36.12
13.41
100.00

2018-19

2018-19
29.26
21.49
35.96
13.28
100.00

2019-20


  
  
 
 

  


2019-20
29.30
21.73
35.80
13.17
100.00

2020-21

2020-21
29.35
21.97
35.63
13.05
100.00

2021-22



Electric Power Survey


NAGPUR CITY
1.

INTRODUCTION
Nagpur is popularly known as Orange City which enjoys an enviable position in the
country being practically at the geographical centre of India. Nagpur is the second
capital of Maharashtra and the winter session of Maharashtra Legislative Assembly
is held in Nagpur. It is a major centre of administrative, political, commercial and
educational activities. All major Highways and Railways pass via Nagpur; this has
resulted into the city being major Trade and Transportation centre. The total area of
city is 217.56 sq.km. The population density at present is 11534 person per sq. km.
The historical population and decadal growth of population of Nagpur city are as
given below.

1.1 CLIMATE & RAINFALL

As it is located at centre of Indian peninsula far from the Bay of Bengal and the
Arabian Sea, Nagpur has a tropical wet and dry climate with dry conditions prevailing
for most of the year. It receives an annual rainfall of 1,205 mm from monsoon rains
during June to September. Summers are extremely hot lasting from March to June,
with maximum temperatures occurring in May. Winter lasts from November to
January, during which temperatures can drop below 10 C.
1.2 INDUSTRY & ECONOMY

Nagpur has been the main center of commerce in the Vidarbha region since early
days and is an important trading location. Nagpur's economy is currently recovering
from past slowdown. The city is one of the most competitive city in the country . The
city is important for the banking sector as it hosts the regional office of Reserve Bank
of India, which was opened on 10 September 1956. Sitabuldi market in central
Nagpur, known as the Heart of the city, is the major commercial market area. The
Butibori industrial area is one of the largest in Asia in terms of area. The units in
Butibori include the power transmission company, cement, casting etc. Koradi
Thermal Power Station and Khaparkheda Thermal Power Station are the two major
thermal power stations located near Nagpur and operated by MSPGCL.The Hingna
industrial estate located on the western fringes of the city is made up of around 900
small and medium industrial units.

110

2.

POWER SCENARIO
The distribution of power to the Nagpur City is under purview of Maharashtra State Electricity
Distribution Co. Ltd. (MSEDCL) after unbundling of Maharashtra State Electricity Board. The
total electricity consumption of the city was 1590 MU in year 2009-10. During the last five
years, the city has observed more or less steady annual growth rate of 6 -12 % in terms of
electrical energy consumption. The peak electric load of the city was 262 MW during the
year 2009-10. A map showing grid sub stations and transmission & distribution system of
Nagpur is given at Appendix N.

3. CONSULTATION WITH STATE UTILITIES / AUTHORITIES


During the course of electricity demand forecasting of Nagpur, the consultations were made
with the MSETCL / MSEDCL.
The main points discussed during the consultation with the state organizations outlined
below:

4.

Actual annual load factor for the year 2009-10 and 2010-11 (calculated based on
actual peak demand) was 88.44% and 85.39% respectively which was quite high and
therefore MSEDCL was requested to reconsider the figures of peak load for the
above period, however it was intimated that the submitted data were in order.

The peak load of city for the period from 2003-04 to 2008-09 was not available and
therefore the same was calculated by considering 85 % annual load factor. The
adopted values of annual reduction in annual load factor for the period from 2012-13
to 2021-2022 (12th plan & 13th plan) is 1.6% due to which annual load factor is
expected to reduce to 75.79 % and 67.79% by the end of 12th plan & 13th plan
respectively.

SALIENT FEATURES OF GROWTH OF INFRASTRUCTURE


Master Plan for the city was not available.

5. ELECTRICITY DEMAND PROJECTIONS


The input data provided by MSEDCL was examined and the consultations were

made regarding the factors governing the growth of infrastructure and electricity
demand in next 10 years. The steps initiated / planned by State Authorities to
implement different schemes which would have bearing on the electricity demand
were analysed and also broadly taken into consideration for the preparation of EPS.
The EPS of Nagpur city has been undertaken after taking into consideration the
above aspects.
As per EPS, the total electric energy requirements of Nagpur city is estimated to be
3193 MUs and 4820 MUs by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22)
respectively. The peak load requirement of the city is estimated to be 481 MW and
812 MW by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22) respectively. The
total electricity consumption is expected to be of the order of 2655 MU by end of 12th

111

plan and 4200 MU by end of 13th plan. The Transmission & Distribution losses of the
city are expected to be brought down to 16.85% by end of 12th plan and further
reduced gradually to 12.85% by end of 13th plan.
The pattern of utilization of the electric energy in 2009-10 indicates that the domestic
category contributes 43.79% followed by industries category 25.83%, commercial
category 17.92% and others 12.46%. The EPS results indicates that by end of 12th
plan, the utilization in domestic and commercial category are expected to increase
to 44.98 % and 21.23 % respectively whereas the utilisation in industries category
and others category would decrease to 22.99% and and 10.80 % respectively.
Annexure-N-1 indicates the category wise/year wise details of the electricity
consumption, T&D losses, electric energy requirement, peak load and pattern of
utilization for 12th & 13th plan period.
The details of EPS results are described below:5.1

ENERGY REQUIREMENT

The total electrical energy requirement of the City has been arrived by adding T&D
losses in the total electrical energy consumption at consumer level. The slightly
higher growth in the category of domestic, commercial and industrial has been
considered to wipe out the present shortage in the city.
The total energy requirement of the city during the year 2010-11 was 2169 MUs
which is expected to increase to 3193 MUs and 4820 MUs for the year 2016-17 and
2021-22. The compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of energy requirement would
be around 6.68 % and 8.58 % during 12th & 13th plan respectively. The year wise
energy requirement for 12th & 13th plan period is shown in fig. N-1.

Fig. N-1: Electrical Energy Requirement in MU

112

5.2 PEAK ELECTRIC LOAD


According to the data furnish by the MSEDCL, the Peak Demand of City for 200910 and 2010-11 was 262 MW and 290 MW respectively which is expected to grow at
the rate of 8.84 % and 11.03% during 12th plan and 13th plan respectively . As the
result of the study of pattern of utilization of various categories and the present
shortage in the city, the peak electric load will be 481 MW and 812 MW by the end of
12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22)plan respectively.
The year wise growth of peak electric load of Indore city during 12th and 13th plan is
illustrated in fig. N-2

Fig. N-2: Peak Electrical Load in MW


5.3

ENERGY CONSUMPTION

The total electricity consumption of the city during the year 2009-10 was 1590
MUs and is expected to increase to 2655 MU and 4200 MU during the year 201617 and 2021-22 respectively with the annual growth rate of 8.43 %.
The category wise growth in electricity consumption as per EPS is illustrated in Fig.
N-3.

Fig. N-3 : Category wise Energy consumption in MU

113

From the utilisation pattern for the year 2009-10, it can be seen that the highest
energy is consumed by domestic category (43.79%) followed by industries (25.83%),
commercial (17.92%) and other remaining categories (12.46%).
The pattern of utilization by the end of 12th & 13TH Plan would be 44.98 % & 46.08 %
in domestic, 21.23 % & 23.92 % in commercial, 22.99 % and 21.16 % in industrial
sector and 10.80 % & 8.83% in others (which includes public lighting, public water
works, irrigation, railway and bulk consumers) for 12th & 13th plan respectively.
The consumption pattern for various sectors as on 2009-10 and as envisaged by end
of 12th plan & 13th plan is illustrated in fig N-4.

.
5.4

Fig. N-4 : Consumption Pattern For Nagpur City

TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION LOSSES

The actual T & D losses for Nagpur during the year 2009-10 and 2010-11 was
21.65% which is expected to reduce to 16.85% and 12.85% by the end of 12th plan
and 13th plan period respectively. The year wise pattern of reduction in T & D losses
envisaged as per EPS is indicated in Fig. N-5.

Fig. N-5 : T & D Losses in Percentage

6. CATEGORY WISE FORECAST


6.1 DOMESTIC CATEGORY

The electrical energy consumption in domestic category was 422 MUs and 696 MUs
during the year 2004-05 and 2009-10 respectively. Considering the past energy

114

consumption trends and keeping in view the probable impact of major development
plans proposed in the city, the number of consumers are expected to increase at the
rate of 5% and 6% per year during 12th and 13th plan period respectively. The
energy consumption is expected to increase at the rate of 8.15% and 10.14% per
year during 12th and 13th plan period respectively. The projected energy
consumption under this category for the period from 2010-11 to 2021-22 is indicated
in Fig.N-6.

Fig. N-6 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Domestic Category


6.2

COMMERCIAL

The electrical energy consumption in commercial category was 112 MUs and 285
MUs during the year 2004-05 and 2009-10 respectively. Considering the past energy
consumption trends and keeping in view the probable impact of major development
plans in energy consumption, the number of consumers are expected to increase at
the rate of the number of consumers are expected to increase at the rate of 5% and
6% per year during 12th and 13th plan period respectively. The specific energy
consumption is also expected to increase the number of consumers are expected to
increase at the rate of 5% and 6% per year during 12th and 13th plan period
respectively. The energy consumption would grow by 10.25% and 12.26% during
12th & 13th plan period respectively which includes the impact of important
development projects.
The projected energy consumption under this category for the period from 2010-11
to 2021-22 is indicated in Fig.N-7.

Fig. N-7 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Commercial Category

115

6.3 INDUSTRIAL
The electrical energy consumption in industrial sector was 334 MUs and 411 MUs
during the year 2004-05 and 2009-10 respectively. The actual CAGR in industrial
sector (which including (LT & HT industries) was 4.21%. Keeping in view the
present infrastructural development in the city in near future, the higher growth has
been adopted to cope up with the proposed development activities. Energy
consumption in industrial sector will be 611 MUs and 889 MUs by the end of 12th
(2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan respectively which is expected to increase at the
rate of 5.95% and 7.80% per year during the 12th and 13th plan period respectively.
The projected energy consumption under this category for the period from 2010-11
to 2021-22 is indicated in Fig.N-8.

Fig. N-8 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Industrial Category

6.4 OTHERS (Public Lighting, PWW, Irrigation, Railways & Non Industrial)

Categories included in others are public lighting, public water works, irrigation,
railways and non-industrial.The electrical energy consumption in others was 154
MUs and 198 MUs during the year 2004-05 and 2009-10 respectively. Electrical
Energy Consumption in these sectors will be 287 MUs and 371 MUs by the end of
12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan period respectively which is expected to be
increase at the rate of 5.44% and 5.28% per year during the 12th and 13th plan
period respectively. The projected energy consumption under this category for the
period from 2010-11 to 2021-22 is indicated in Fig. N-9.

116


Fig.N9:ElectricalEnergyConsumptioninOthersCategory

7. CONCLUSION
Nagpur with 24.97 lakh population (as per provisional census- 2011) is having
comparatively largest domestic consumers. In Nagpur, the highest energy is
consumed by domestic category of consumers. The total electricity consumption of the
city was 1700 MUs during the year 2010-11 and is expected to increase to 2655 MU
and 4200 MU during the year 2016-17 and 2021-22 respectively with the annual
growth rate of 8.43%.The growth of electrical energy demand is mainly due to increase
in population, increase in industrialisation industries, infrastructure and purchasing
capacity . The utilisation of energy in domestic category and commercial category
would increase by 1.10% and 2.69% respectively from the end of 12th plan to end of
13th plan whereas the utilisation in industries and others category would decrease by
1.83% and 1.97% respectively from the end of 12th plan to end of 13th plan.
To achieve the growth of electricity demand and electricity consumption as projected
in the report, the state utilities and other concern organisations would need to
formulate the matching action plan to implement the polices /programmes during the
12th plan period.








117

APPENDIX-N
(Page 1 of 3)

118

APPENDIX-N
(Page 2 of 3)

119

APPENDIX-N
(Page 3 of 3)

120

121

Wh
Category
Domestic
Comm.
Industries
Others
Total

2010-11
43.91
18.47
25.35
12.27
100.00

2011-12
44.13
18.92
24.94
12.01
100.00

2012-13
44.33
19.37
24.54
11.77
100.00

2013-14
44.51
19.83
24.14
11.52
100.00

2014-15
44.68
20.29
23.75
11.28
100.00

2015-16
44.84
20.76
23.37
11.04
100.00

Dh
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16


Domestic

Commercial & Misc.

Public lighting

Public Water Works

Irrigation

Industries LT

Industries HT

Railway traction

Bulk Supply
Total (Energy

Consumption)

T&D losses -MU

T&D losses -in %

Energy Requirement - MU

A
dF
t -%
Annuall L
Load
Factor

Peak Load - MW

2016-17
45.23
21.76
22.59
10.43
100.00

2016-17
44.98
21.23
22.99
10.80
100.00

2017-18

2016-17

2017-18
45.47
22.29
22.23
10.01
100.00

2018-19

2018-19
45.69
22.83
21.88
9.60
100.00

2019-20


  
  
 
 

  


2019-20
45.89
23.38
21.52
9.21
100.00

2020-21

2020-21
46.08
23.92
21.16
8.83
100.00

2021-22



Electric Power Survey


GREATER MUMBAI CITY
1. INTRODUCTION
Mumbai is the commercial and entertainment capital of India. The city offer higher
standard of living, attracting migrants from all over India. The city is one of the most
populous cities in India. According to the 2011 census, the population of Mumbai
was 1,84,14,288. The total area of the city is approximately 603.4 square kilometre
with the population density of about 30,187 persons per square kilometer. The total
area of Mumbai is 603.4 square kilometer, of this, the island city spans
67.79 square kilometer, while the suburban district spans 370 square kilometer,
together accounting for 437.71 square kilometre under the administration of
Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC). The remaining area belongs to
Defence, Mumbai Port Trust, Atomic Energy Commission and Borivali National
Park, which are out of the jurisdiction of the BMC.
1.1 CLIMATE & RAINFALL

Mumbai lies at the mouth of the Ulhas River on the western coast, in the coastal
region known as the Konkan. Mumbai is bounded by the Arabian Sea to the west.
Many parts of the city lie just above sea level, with elevations ranging from 10 m to
15 m the city has an average elevation of 14 m. Mumbai has a tropical wet and dry
climate with seven months of dryness and peak of rains in July. The cooler season
from December to February is followed by the summer season from March to June.
The period from June to about the end of September constitutes the south-west
monsoon season, and October and November form the post-monsoon season.
Between June and September, the south west monsoon rains lash the city. The
average annual temperature is 27.2 C, and the average annual precipitation is
2,167 mm.
1.2 INDUSTRY & ECONOMY

Mumbai is India's largest city (by population) and is the financial and commercial
capital of the country. It serves as an economic hub of India, contributing factory
employment, industrial output and income tax collections.
Many of India's numerous conglomerates (including Larsen and Toubro, State Bank
of India, Life Insurance Corporation of India, Tata Group, Godrej and Reliance),
and five of the Fortune Global 500 companies are based in Mumbai. Many foreign
banks and financial institutions also have branches in this area, with the World
Trade Centre being the most prominent one.
Until the 1970s, Mumbai owed its prosperity largely to textile mills and the seaport,
but the local economy has since been diversified to include engineering, diamondpolishing, healthcare and information technology. Mumbai is one of the most
expensive office markets in the world.
State and central government employees make up a large percentage of the city's
workforce. Mumbai also has a large unskilled and semi-skilled self-employed

122

population, who primarily earn their livelihood as hawkers, taxi drivers, mechanics
and other such blue collar professions. The port and shipping industry is well
established, with Mumbai Port being one of the oldest and most significant ports in
India. Most of India's major television and satellite networks, as well as its major
publishing houses, are headquartered in Mumbai. The centre of the Hindi movie
industry, Bollywood, is the largest film producer in India and one of the largest in
the world.

2. POWER SCENARIO
2.1 DISCOM WISE SHARE OF DISTRIBUTION OF POWER

The distribution of supply of power to the Greater Mumbai City is under purview of
Reliance Infrastructure Distribution (RINFRA-D), TATA Power Co. Ltd.(TPCL),
Bombay Electric Supply and Transport (BEST) and Maharashtra State Electricity
Distribution Co. Ltd. (MSEDCL) after unbundling of Maharashtra State Electricity
Board. The DISCOM wise distribution of power during the year 2009-10 are:
RINFRA-D - 8.32 BUs (48.60%), TPCL 3.047 BUs (17.80%), BEST 4.12 BUs
(24%) and MSEDCL 1.634 BUs (9.60%). The BEST supply power to island city
whereas TATA supply power to both island and suburban area. The RINFRA-D and
MSEDCL both supply power to only suburban area of Greater Mumbai. The category
wise supply of energy by each DISCOM during 2009-10 is illustrated in table M-1.
Table - M1
SUMMARY OF CATEGORY WISE SUPPLY OF ENERGY DURING 2009-10
RINFRA-D
TPCL
BEST
MSEDCL TOTAL
NAME OF CATEGORY
MUs
% MUs
%
MUs
% MUs
% (MUs)
1. Domestic
4473
65
101
1%
1727
25
547
8
6849
2. Commercial & Misc.
2817
47
816
14
2069
35
284
5
5986
3. Public lighting
55
62
0
0
29
32
5
6
89
4. Public Water Works
i) LT
6
44
0
0
6
48
1
8
13
1
9
4
41
0
1
ii) HT (demand< 1 MW )
5
49
11
iii) HT (demand>1 MW )
0
0
47
63
28
37
0
0
75
5. Irrigation
i) P/S
0
0
0
0
0
0 0.04
10
0.04
ii) LIS
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6. Industries
i) LT
651
47
210
15
153
11
373
27
1387
ii) HT (demand< 1 MW )
112
39
27
9
27
9
124
43
290

iii) HT (demand>1 MW )
7. Railway traction
8. Bulk Supply to
a) Non Industrial
Consumers
b) licencees
Total

202
0
0
0

0
8320

17
0
0

48.6

774
824
247
0

0
3047

65
97
65

17.8

76
0
0
0

0
4120

6
0
0

138
27
133
0

0
24.0 1634

12
3
35

1190
851
380

9.6

0
0
17121

2.2 TOTAL UTILISATION OF POWER:

The total electricity consumption of the city was 17121 MU in year 2009-10. During
the last three years, the city has observed more or less steady annual growth rate of
4 -5 % in terms of electrical energy consumption. The peak electric load of the city

123

was 3151 MW (calculated) during 2009-10. A map of Greater Mumbai City showing
distribution areas of four distribution licensees is given at Appendix-M.

3. CONSULTATION WITH STATE UTILITIES / AUTHORITIES


During the course of electricity demand forecasting of Greater Mumbai, the
consultations were made with different concerned state utilities of Maharashtra viz.
RINFRA-D , TPCL, BEST and MSEDCL in May 2012.
The main points discussed during the consultation with the state organizations
outlined below:

The electricity consumption in respect of TPCL for the period from 2006-07
to 2008-09 are inclusive of sales of energy (almost 50% of total energy
consumption) to private licences
like
Railway, BARC etc. due to this
reason the value of T & D losses are as low as 0.63% during this period.

As the electricity in Greater Mumbai city is being supplied by four DISCOMs,


the migration of consumers from one supplier to another has been taking
place since last few years due to inequality in rate of tariff. Due to this
migration phenomena, it was very difficult for them to project future growth
rate of numbers of consumers.

RINFRA-D has stated that they are having limited generating capacity and
therefore it purchases power from other sources due to which the T & D
losses are slightly higher. The T & D losses in respect of RINFRA-D in
furnished data is 14.30% and 13.36 % for the year 2009-10 and 2021-22
respectively. The T& D losses constitutes 4.30% as transmission losses and
remaining as distribution losses.

It has been observed by the DISCOMs that the trend of closing down of mills
and shifting of industries to commercial and real estate activity is going on in
the city. If it continue at the same pace, the consumption under industrial
category would not increase much during 12th plan and beyond.

The peak demand of the city is highly dependent on seasonal whether


change. The occurrence of peak of day depend entirely upon the commercial
activities of the consumers and therefore it is normally registered between the
time period of 12.30 PM to 4.30 PM.

In supply areas of BEST (South Mumbai), there is a declining trend in


consumption of electricity in industrial category during the period from 200304 to 2009-10 due to closer of mills/ industries and migration of some of the
industries from the Southern Mumbai area.

The higher rate of T & D losses (13.89%) in respect of BEST shown in


submitted data, includes 9% distribution losses and 4.5% transmission
losses.

124

Some of the DISCOMs have chosen a single value of growth rate(GR) for all
category of consumers to predict future consumption. This methodology of
adopting same GR for each category is irrational as the rate of developments
of different sectors is different for different periods of time. Also the factors
responsible for increase / decrease in consumption of electricity are different
for different categories. It is also important to note that the growth rate
(positive /negative) in consumption in a particular category in respect of one
DISCOM may or may not be the same in respect of another DISCOM and
therefore the GR for a particular category of consumers be chosen by
carefully analysing the consolidated details of the entire city for a particular
category.

Historical data of Year wise connected load in case of industrial categories


(contracted demand > 1MW) in respect of all DISCOMs were not available.

It was submitted by RINFRA-D that due to re-categorisation made by MERC,


there are abnormal variations in numbers of consumer, connected load and
consumption in commercial and industries category of consumers. It was also
indicated that RINFRA-D do not have tariff category for public water works
and therefore data was prepared by RINFRA-D based on records available in
billing system for water & sewage pumping stations. Also in case of irrigation
category, partial data was available from RINFRA-D.

The complete historical data of simultaneous peak demand of entire city for
the period from 2003-04 to 2009-10 was not available therefore the same was
estimated for the period from 2010-11 to 2021-22 by taking into account the
peak demand figures submitted by MSETCL for the period from 2003-04 to
2009-10 in which peak demand of MSEDCL licence area was not considered.
Actual Annual Load Factor (ALF) for the year 2007-08, 2008-09 and 2009-10

was 70.46 %, 69.05 % and 70.36 % respectively. Therefore Annual Load


Factor for the 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22) was adopted as 70
% and 68 % respectively. This adopted values of ALF were used to work out
peak demand of the city for the period from 2010-11 to 2021-22.

4. SALIENT FEATURES OF GROWTH OF INFRASTRUCTURE


As per Master Plan prepared by Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority
(MMRDA), the salient features of the development of infrastructure to meet the
growing demand in various fields are as under:4.1 MUMBAI METRO

The Master Plan for Mumbai Metro along with phased implementation was approved
by the Authority of MMRDA. The Master Plan includes nine corridors covering a
length of 146.5 Kms, out of which 32.5 Kms is proposed underground and rest is
elevated.
The Master Plan has been divided in following phases for project implementation-

125

Sr. No.
Phase Length in Km. Period of implementation
1
Phase -I
63.8
2006 - 2013
2
Phase -II
19.9
2011-2016
3
Phase -III
62.8
2016-2021
Total
146.5
2006-2021
4.2 MONORAIL

Considering the increase in population, increased travel demand in Mumbai city and
narrow road networks running through congested structures, there is a need of a
system which will occupy less space as well as reduce travel time. With the
objective, to support public rapid transit system such as suburban rail system and
metro rail system and where public rapid transit system is not available or impossible
to provide such system and where widening of roads is not possible due to
structures on either sides, Mono Rail system is proposed to be implemented by
MMRDA/GOM. MMRDA proposes to implement a proven and established Monorail
System in various parts of Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR). Implementation of
about 20 kms Monorail System from Sant Gadge Maharaj Chowk - Wadala Chembur station as a Pilot Project is under progress. Total Monorail Network of
135.21 kms is recommended for development from year 2011 to 2031 in phases and
priority wise. Mumbais first monorail corridor would be between Saint Gadge
Maharaj Chowk to Chembur Station-via-Wadala.
4.3 WADALA TRUCK TERMINAL& INTER STATE BUS TERMINAL

The basic objective of developing the Truck Terminal is to decongest South Mumbai
by shifting the existing transport companies offices and godowns, which are today
concentrated in B and C Wards in South Mumbai causing severe traffic congestion.
It will also help to rationalize the movement of truck traffic on the city roads. The
Truck Terminal currently under development by the MMRDA at Wadala, Mumbai will
have for the first time a centralized facility for the transport of goods by road.
Designed for a peak capacity of 3,000 trucks at a time, the truck terminal will have
offices and godowns of transport companies, easy loading and unloading facilities,
large parking areas for idle trucks and other related facilities like banks, restaurants,
dormitories for essential staff, dispensaries, motor spare part shops, petrol / HSD
pumps, repair garages, workshops, etc. In order to ensure proper regulation and
management of this new Truck Terminal, legislation for setting up Truck Terminal
Authority has been enacted by the State Government.
4.4 RENTAL HOUSING

The Govt. of Maharashtra has appointed MMRDA as the Implementing Agency for
Rental Housing Projects in the MMR in 2008. The MC, MMRDA is the Chief
Executive Officer for such projects. The Rental Housing Projects undertaken by the
MMRDA are of Vital Public Purpose which will help in Slum Prevention Programme.

5.

ELECTRICITY DEMAND PROJECTIONS


The input data (upto 2009-10) as provided by TPCL, RINFRA-D, BEST and
MSEDCL was examined and the consultations were made regarding the factors
governing the growth of infrastructure and electricity demand in next 10 years. The
steps initiated/planned by State Authorities to implement different schemes which

126

would have bearing on the electricity demand were also broadly taken into
consideration for the preparation of EPS.
As per EPS, the total electric energy requirements of Greater Mumbai city is
estimated to be 30568 MUs and 43039 MUs by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th
plan (2021-22) respectively. The peak load requirements of the city is estimated to
be 4985 MW and 7225 MW by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22)
respectively. The total electricity consumption is expected to be of the order of
27346 MU by end of 12th plan and 39023 MU by end of 13th plan. The Transmission
& Distribution losses of the city are expected to be brought down to 10.54% by end
of 12th plan and further reduced gradually to 9.33% by end of 13th plan.
The pattern of utilization of the electrical energy in 2009-10 indicates that the
domestic category contributes around 40% followed by commercial category
34.96%, industrial 16.75% and others 8.29%. The EPS results indicates that by end
of 12th plan, the utilization in industrial category, domestic category and others
category are expected to decrease to 16.24 %, 36.59 % and 6.89 % respectively
whereas the utilisation in commercial category would increase to 40.28 %.
Annexure M-1 to M-4 indicates summaries of forecast comprising the category
wise/year wise details of the electricity consumption for the period from 2010-11 to
2021-22 in respect of RINFRA-D, TATA, BEST and MSEDCL respectively. Whereas
Annexure M-5 indicates summary of forecast comprising the category wise/year
wise details of the electricity consumption, T&D losses, electric energy requirement,
peak load and pattern of utilization for the period from 2010-11 to 2021-22 in respect
of Greater Mumbai City.
The details of EPS results are described below:5.1 ENERGY REQUIREMENT

The total electrical energy requirement of the City is the summation of energy
requirement of all the DISCOMs whereas the energy requirement of each DISCOM
is the summation of energy of all the categories forecasted category wise for the
corresponding license area and T & D losses at consumer level. The slightly higher
growth in the category of domestic, commercial and industrial has been considered
to wipe out the present shortage in the city.
The total energy requirement of the city during the year 2009-10 was 19421 MUs
which is expected to increase to 30568 MUs and 43039 MUs for the year 2016-17
and 2021-22. The compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of energy requirement
would be around 7.08 % and 6.69 % during 12th & 13th plan respectively. The year
wise energy requirement of city and each DISCOM is given in Fig. M-1.

127

Fig. M-1 : Electrical Energy Requirement in MU


5.2 PEAK ELECTRIC LOAD

According to the data furnish by the MSETCL, the Peak Demand of City was 2562
MW during 2004-05 which rose to 3151 MW by 2009-10 and is expected to grow at
the rate of 6.69 % and 7.70% during 12th plan and 13th plan respectively. As the
result of the study of pattern of utilization of various categories and the present
shortage in the city, the peak electric load will be 4985 MW and 7225 MW by the end
of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22)plan respectively. The year wise growth of peak
electric load of Greater Mumbai city during 12th and 13th plan is illustrated in fig. M-2

Fig. M-2 :Peak Electrical Load in MW


5.3 ELECTRICAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION

The total electricity consumption of the city during the year 2009-10 was 17121
MUs and is expected to increase to 27346 MU and 39023 MU during the year
2016-17 and 2021-22 respectively with the annual growth rate of 7.08 %. The
category wise growth in electricity consumption as per EPS is illustrated in Fig. M-3.


Fig. M-3 : Category wise Energy consumption in MU

128

5.4 PATTERN OF ENERGY UTILISATION


5.4.1 FOR DISTRIBUTION AREAS OF RINFRA-D, TPL, BEST & MSEDCL
(1) RINFRA-D

The consumption pattern for RINFRA D for various sectors as on 2009-10 and as
envisaged by end of 12th plan & 13th plan is illustrated in fig M-4. From the utilisation
pattern for the year 2009-10, it can be seen that the highest energy is consumed by
domestic category (53.76%) followed by commercial (33.85%), industries (11.59%)
and other remaining categories (0.79%). The pattern of utilization at the end of 12th &
13TH Plan reveal that the consumption in domestic category would be 47.71% &
43.10%, in commercial category 41.70% & 47.35% , in industrial category 10.01%
and 9.09% and in others category 0.58% and 0.45% (which includes public lighting,
public water works, irrigation, railway and bulk consumers).

Fig. M-4 : Consumption Pattern For RINFRA-D


(2) TATA

The consumption pattern for TATA for various sectors as on 2009-10 and as
envisaged by end of 12th plan & 13th plan is illustrated in fig M-5. From the utilisation
pattern for the year 2009-10, it can be seen that the highest energy is consumed by
others category (36.71%) followed by industries (33.19%), commercial (26.78%),
and domestic categories (3.32%). The pattern of utilization at the end of 12th & 13TH
Plan reveal that the consumption in domestic category would be 7.20%
&
10.50%, in commercial category 32.53% & 35.22% , in industrial category 32.24%
and 31.18% and in others category 28.03% and 23.10% (which includes public
lighting, public water works, irrigation, railway and bulk consumers).

Fig. M-5 : Consumption Pattern For TATA


(3) BEST

129

The consumption pattern for BEST for various sectors as on 2009-10 and as
envisaged by end of 12th plan & 13th plan is illustrated in fig M-6. From the utilisation
pattern for the year 2009-10, it can be seen that the highest energy is consumed by
commercial category (50.22%) followed by domestic (41.92%), industries (6.23%)
and other remaining categories (1.63%). The pattern of utilization at the end of 12th &
13TH Plan reveal that the consumption in domestic category would be 38.32% &
35.88%, in commercial category 54.78% & 57.88% , in industrial category 5.28%
and 4.64% and in others category 1.63% and 1.61% (which includes public lighting,
public water works, irrigation, railway and bulk consumers).

Fig. M-6 : Consumption Pattern For BEST


(4) MSEDCL

The consumption pattern for MSEDCL for various sectors as on 2009-10 and as
envisaged by end of 12th plan & 13th plan is illustrated in fig M-7. From the utilisation
pattern for the year 2009-10, it can be seen that the highest energy is consumed by
industries (38.86%) followed by domestic category (33.51%), commercial (17.40%),
and other remaining categories (10.23%). The pattern of utilization at the end of 12th
& 13TH Plan reveal that the consumption in domestic category would be 33.51% &
33.54%, in commercial category 17.40% & 21.91% , in industrial category 38.86%
and 36.01% and in others category 10.23% and 8.54% (which includes public
lighting, public water works, irrigation, railway and bulk consumers).

Fig. M-7 : Consumption Pattern For MSEDCL


5.4.2

FOR COMPLETE DISTRIBUTION AREA OF GREATER MUMBAI CITY

The consumption pattern for entire Greater Mumbai city for various sectors as on
2009-10 and as envisaged by end of 12th plan & 13th plan is illustrated in fig M-8.
From the utilisation pattern for the year 2009-10, it can be seen that the highest
energy is consumed by domestic category (40.00%) followed by commercial
(34.96%), industries (16.75%) and other remaining categories (8.29%).

130

Fig. M-8 : Consumption Pattern For Greater Mumbai City

The pattern of utilization by the end of 12th & 13TH Plan would be 36.59% & 34.35 %
in domestic, 40.28 % & 43.92 % in commercial, 16.24 % and 15.73 % in industrial
sector and 6.89 % & 5.99 % in others (which includes public lighting, public water
works, irrigation, railway and bulk consumers) for 12th & 13th plan respectively.
5.5 TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION LOSSES

5.5.A.

RINFRA-D

The T & D losses for the year 2009-10 was 14.30% which is expected to reduce
gradually to 12.33% and 11.00% by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22)
plan respectively.
5.5.B.

TATA

The T & D losses for the year 2009-10 was 0.66% which would increase to 5% by
2010-11 and would remain constant during by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th
(2021-22) plan respectively.
5.5.C.

BEST

The T & D losses for the year 2009-10 was 13.75% which is expected to reduce
gradually to 11.42% and 10.00% by by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22)
plan respectively.
5.5.D.

MSEDCL

The T & D losses for the year 2009-10 was 12.58% which is expected to reduce
gradually to 9.49% and 7.76% by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan
respectively.
5.5.E.

GREATER MUMBAI CITY

The T & D losses for Greater Mumbai during the year 2009-10 was 11.84% which is
expected to reduce to 10.54% and 9.33% by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th
(2021-22) plan respectively.
The year wise and DISCOM wise pattern of reduction in T & D losses envisaged as
per EPS is indicated in Fig. M-9.

131

Fig. M-9 : T & D Losses in Percentage

6.

CATEGORY WISE FORECAST


6.1

DOMESTIC CATEGORY

The electrical energy consumption for the city in domestic category was 5568.6 MUs
and 6849 MUs during the year 2004-05 and 2009-10 respectively. Considering the
past energy consumption trends and keeping in view the probable impact of major
development plans proposed in the city , the number of consumers are expected to
increase at the rate of 3.5% , 12% 3% and 5% per year in the distribution areas of
RINFRA-D,TATA,BEST and MSEDCL respectively during the 12th and 13th plan .
Whereas the specific energy consumption is expected to increase at the rate of 2% ,
4%, 0.5% and 4% per year in the distribution areas of RINFRA-D,TATA,BEST and
MSEDCL respectively during the 12th and 13th plan. The total energy consumption
of the city is expected to increase at the rate of 5.67% and 6.02% during 12th and
13th plan period. The DISCOM wise projected energy consumption under this
category for the period from 2010-11 to 2021-22 is indicated in Fig. M-10.

Fig. M-10 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Domestic Category

132

6.2

COMMERCIAL

The electrical energy consumption in commercial category was 3222 MUs and
5986.2 MUs during the year 2003-04 and 2009-10 respectively. Considering the past
energy consumption trends and keeping in view the probable impact of major
development plans in energy consumption, the number of consumers are expected
to increase at the rate of 4.5% , 5% 1% and 6% per year in the distribution areas of
RINFRA-D,TATA,BEST and MSEDCL respectively during the 12th and 13th plan.
Whereas the specific energy consumption is expected to increase at the rate of
5.75%, 4.5%, 5% and 5% per year in the distribution areas of RINFRAD,TATA,BEST and MSEDCL respectively during the 12th and 13th plan. The total
energy consumption of the city would grow by 9.02% and 9.24% during 12th & 13th
plan period respectively which includes the impact of important development
projects. The DISCOM wise projected energy consumption under this category for
the period from 2010-11 to 2021-22 is indicated in Fig. M-11.

Fig. M-11 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Commercial Category

6.3

INDUSTRIAL

The electrical energy consumption in industrial sector was 2303 MUs and 2867 MUs
during the year 2003-04 and 2009-10 respectively. The actual CAGR in industrial
sector (which includesLT & HT industries) was negative for RINFRA-D and BEST,
and 3.45% and 9.27% in case of TATA & MSEDCL respectively. Whereas the actual
CAGR for the city was 3.72%. Keeping in view the present infrastructural
development in the city in near future, the higher growth has been adopted to cope
up with the proposed development activities. The adopted growth rate for the 12th
plan for RINFRA-D, TATA, BEST and MSEDCL is 4.85%, 2.23%, 7.25% and 8.24%
respectively. Whereas the growth rate figures for 13th plan for RINFRA-D, TATA,
BEST and MSEDCL is 5.68%, 2.22%, 7.24% and 8.08% respectively. As a result,
the energy consumption in industrial sector for the city is expected to be 4440 MUs

133

and 6140 MUs by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan respectively
which is expected to increase at the rate of 6.51% and 6.69% per year during the
12th and 13th plan period respectively. The DISCOM wise projected energy
consumption under this category for the period from 2010-11 to 2021-22 is indicated
in Fig. M-12.

Fig. M-12 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Industrial Category


6.4 OTHERS (Public Lighting, PWW, Irrigation, Railways & Non Industrial)

The categories included in others are public lighting, public water works, irrigation,
railways and non-industrial.The electrical energy consumption in others was 1069
MUs and 1551 MUs during the year 2003-04 and 2009-10 respectively. The actual
CAGR for the entire city in these sectors was 6.39%. Electrical Energy
Consumption by the city in these sectors will be 2044 MUs and 2524 MUs by the end
of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan period respectively which is expected to be
increase at the rate of 4.20% and 4.30% during the 12th and 13th plan period
respectively. The DISCOM wise projected energy consumption under this category
for the period from 2010-11 to 2021-22 is indicated in Fig. M-13.

Fig. M-13 : Electrical Energy Consumption in Others Category

134

7.

CONCLUSION
Greater Mumbai with 18.414 million population is having large residential,
commercial and industrial setup. It is one of the few cities in country which has long
experience of private power distribution management. The
electrical energy
requirement of Greater Mumbai city is highest among all the 13 mega cities which
was 19421 MUs during the year 2009-10 and is expected to increase to 30568 MU
and 43039 MU during the year 2016-17 and 2021-22 respectively with the annual
growth rate of 6.85%. Energy requirement by the domestic & commercial consumers
of the city is also highest among all the mega cities. Also the percentage of energy
consumption by the commercial category consumers of the city is highest among all
the 13 mega cities. The growth of electrical energy demand is mainly due to increase
in population, rapid growth of commercial activities, rapid urbanisation and increase
in purchasing power of population. The utilisation of energy in commercial category
would increase by 3.67% whereas the utilisation in domestic, industries and others
category decrease by 2.19%, 0.48% and 1% respectively from the end of 12th plan to
end of 13th plan.


135

Appendix-M

MAP OF GREATER MUMBAI SHOWING DISTRIBUTION AREA OF DISCOMs

136

137

138

139

140

141

PatternofUtilisation
Category
Domestic
Comm.
Industries
Others
Total

2010-11
39.36
35.95
16.67
8.02
100.00

2011-12
38.90
36.66
16.61
7.83
100.00

2012-13
38.44
37.38
16.55
7.64
100.00

2013-14
37.98
38.10
16.48
7.45
100.00

2014-15
37.51
38.83
16.40
7.26
100.00

2015-16
37.05
39.55
16.32
7.07
100.00

EnergyConsumptioninMUs
ConsumptionCategories
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
7173
7574
8001
8455
8939
9455
Domestic
6553
7139
7781
8483
9251
10093
Commercial & Misc.
96
98
101
103
106
109
Public lighting
102
107
112
117
123
129
Public Water Works
0
0
0
0
0
0
Irrigation
1447
1555
1672
1798
1934
2081
Industries LT
1591
1679
1772
1870
1974
2084
Industries HT
868
904
940
978
1018
1060
Railway traction
395
415
436
459
483
508
Bulk Supply
Total (Energy
18226
19472
20815
22264
23828
25519
Consumption)
2440
2635
2739
2849
2966
3090
T&D losses -MU
11.81
11.92
11.63
11.35
11.07
10.80
T&D losses -in %
22107
23554
25113
26795
28609
Energy Requirement - MU 20666
70.00
70.00
70.00
70.00
70.00
70.00
Annual Load Factor - %
3370
3605
3841
4095
4370
4666
Peak Load - MW

2016-17
36.14
41.01
16.15
6.71
100.00

29323
3362
10.29
32685
68.00
5487

27346
3222
10.54
30568
70.00
4985

2016-17
36.59
40.28
16.24
6.89
100.00

2017-18
10596
12026
115
141
0
2412
2323
1147
563

2016-17
10007
11016
112
135
0
2240
2200
1103
535

2017-18
35.68
41.74
16.05
6.52
100.00

31464
3511
10.04
34974
68.00
5871

2018-19
11227
13134
118
147
0
2598
2453
1194
593

2018-19
35.23
42.47
15.95
6.34
100.00

33782
3669
9.80
37451
68.00
6287

2019-20
11902
14348
121
154
0
2799
2589
1242
625

Mumbai
18thELECTRICPOWERSURVEYFORECAST
SUMMARYOFELECTRICALENERGYCONSUMPTION,ENERGYREQUIREMENTANDPEAKLOAD
CATEGORYWISE&YEARWISE(Utilitiesonly)
(201011to202122)

2019-20
34.79
43.20
15.85
6.16
100.00

36295
3837
9.56
40132
68.00
6737

2020-21
12626
15680
125
161
0
3017
2734
1293
659

2020-21
34.35
43.92
15.73
5.99
100.00

39023
4016
9.33
43039
68.00
7225

2021-22
13404
17141
128
169
0
3253
2887
1345
695

AnnexureM5

Electric Power Survey


HYDERABAD CITY
1. INTRODUCTION
Hyderabad is the capital of Andhra Pradesh State and is located on the banks of the
River Musi in the Deccan Plateau in southern India. The Greater Hyderabad city's
area is 650 Sq.Kms which is governed by Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation
(GHMC). The Greater Hyderabad City comprises of twin cities of Hyderabad and
Secunderabad , 10 Municipalities & 8 Panchayats of Ranga Reddy district and two
Municipalities in Medak district. The estimated population of Greater Hyderabad City
is 7.74 million as per 2011 census
1.1 Climate & Rainfall

Hyderabad has a combination of a tropical wet and dry climate that borders on a hot
semi-arid climate. Summers (MarchJune) are hot and humid with maximum
temperatures often exceed 40 C between April and June. Winter lasts for only about
two-and-a-half months, during which the lowest temperature dips occasionally to 10
C in December and January. Rains brought by the south-west summer monsoon lash
Hyderabad between June and September, supplying it with most of its annual rainfall
of 812 mm.
1.2 Industry & Economy

From 1950s to 1970s, Indian enterprises were established in the city, such as Bharat
Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), National Mineral Development Corporation,
Bharat Electronics, Electronics Corporation of India Limited, Defence Research and
Development Organisation (DRDO), Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), Andhra
Bank and State Bank of Hyderabad. This changed the economic pattern from
traditional manufacturing to a cosmopolitan industrial service sector Since 1990s, the
growth of information technology (IT), IT-enabled services, insurance and financial
institutions expanded the service sector. These primary economic activities boosted
ancillary sectors of trade and commerce, transport, storage, communication, realestate and retail. It is among the global centres of information technology for which it
is known as Cyberabad (Cyber City). The development of a township with
technological infrastructure called HITEC City prompted multinational companies to
establish facilities in Hyderabad. The city is home to more than 1300 IT firms,
including global conglomerates such as Microsoft (operating its largest R&D campus
outside the US), Google, IBM, Yahoo!, Dell, Facebook, and major Indian firms
including Mahindra Satyam, Infosys, TCS, Genpact and Wipro.
Hyderabad is known as the "City of Pearls" due to its role in the trade of those
precious jewels. Until the 18th century, the city was the only global trade center for

142

large diamonds. Many traditional and historical bazaars are located in the city. The
Laad Bazaar and nearby markets have shops that sell pearls, diamonds and other
traditional ware and cultural antiques. The commercial market structure of Hyderabad
is divided into 4 sectorsThe Central Business Districts (CBD), the sub-central
business centres, the neighborhood business centres and local business centres.
Several central business districts are spread across the city.
2. POWER SCENARIO
The electricity distribution of Hyderabad city was earlier under the purview of
APSEB. As a consequence of restructuring of APSEB, specific corporations were
formed to deal with generation, transmission & distribution of electricity in the State.
APTRANSCO was formed in February 1999. The distribution of supply of power to
the Hyderabad City is under the purview of Andhra Pradesh Central Power
Distribution Company(APCDCL). The Peak Demand of City was 1639 MW during
2006-07 which rose to around 1938 MW by 2010-11. The total electricity
consumption of the city during the year 2010-11 was 10056 MUs.
The category wise Electric Energy consumption of Hyderabad for the year
2010-11is shown below:
Category wise Energy consumption for the year 2010-11
Category
Energy Consumption in MUs
1. Domestic
3630
2. Commercial & Misc
2609 *
3. Public Lighting
236
4. Public Water Works
i) LT
46
ii) HT
44
5. Irrigation
P/S
438
LIS
0
6. Industries
i) LT
614
ii) HT
2366
iii) Railway Traction
74
Total
10057
* Inclusive of Bulk Supply

% of Total
36.1
25.9
2.3
0.45
0.44
4.4
0
6.1
23.5
0.74
100

A map showing grid sub stations and transmission & distribution system of
Hyderabad is given at Appendix H.

143

3. CONSULTATION WITH STATE UTILITIES / AUTHORITIES

For the purpose of electricity demand forecasting electric energy requirement, electric
energy consumption, peak electric load, T&D losses were obtained from Transmission
Corporation of Andhra Pradesh Limited and other utilities.
The other
details/information regarding programme for development of infrastructure/steps
initiated for improvement of energy efficiency which would have impact on growth of
electricity demand was also discussed in the subsequent meetings. The main points
discussed during consultation with the state organizations are outlined below:
x The area covered for this forecast is for Greater Hyderabad City which is
governed by GHMC.
x Due to the rapid urbanization of the areas under GHMC, energy consumption of
irrigation category would reduce considerably in the 12th and 13th Plan. As
such it has been decided in the review meeting to reduce the No. of Pump sets
in the 12th and 13th Plan periods.
x APTRANSCO has provided data for the city from the year 2003-04 onwards
upto the year 2010-11 (provisional). It has been decided to take the year 201011 as the base year for the forecast.
x The shortage of energy requirement for the year 2010-11 was 263 MUs which
is 2.5% of total energy requirements of Hyderabad.
x Past analysis of data indicates that the growth in No. of consumers for
Domestic and Commercial category shows a decreasing trend. It has been
decided to maintain the same decreasing trend for Domestic and Commercial
consumers for the 12th and 13th plan period in the forecast also..
x In the case of Public Lighting Category, it was informed that during the 12th
and 13th Plan utilisation of Solar Energy and LED Lighting systems are
planned to be undertaken. It has been decided to maintain the reducing trend in
Growth in connected load for this category also.
x It has been decided to merge the Public Water works less than 1 MW category
and public water works more than 1 MW category in to a single Category as "
Public Water Works HT"
x The energy requirement for the purposes Metro Rail Project has been taken into
account in the forecast as suggested by APTRANSCO and included in railway
traction category.

144

x New SEZs are envisaged to come up within the limits of greater Hyderabad
during the next 10 years for which 6 Nos. of 220 KV sub-stations are proposed
to be provided to meet the electricity requirement.
4. SALIENT FEATURES OF GROWTH OF INFRASTRUCTURE

As per master plan of Hyderabad the following development will affect the
demand of electricity in the city.
x Hyderabad Metro Rail project in three high density corridors of the city viz.,
corridor-1 LB Nagar to Miapur, corridor-2 JBS to Falaknama ,corridor-3
Nagole to Shilparamam. The project has been awarded in September 2010 and
the preliminary works of the project in the 3 corridors are in progress. The total
power requirement of 150 MW is envisages for this project by the end of 12th
Plan.
x New SEZs and Industrial parks are expected to come up within the limit of
greater Hyderabad during the next 10 years for which 6 Nos. of 220 KV substations are proposed to be provided to meet the electricity requirement. As per
information furnished to CEA , total of a 9 Nos of IPs with total load of 185
MVA are to be developed in Greater Hyderabad.
x The details of existing and proposed Sub stations to meet the demand up to end
of 12th Plan is given below:
Sl.No.

Sub
stations

400 KV

2
3
4

220KV
132 KV
33/11 KV

DTRs

Number of Sub stations


Existing
Proposed
( Up to FY 2016-17)
3 Nos.(Mamidipally,Malkaram, 4 Nos.(Manikonda,
Ghanapur)
Narsapur, Maheswaram
Yeddumailaram)
11 Nos.
15 Nos.
22 Nos.
24 Nos.
202 Nos.
64 Nos. ( during 2012-13
& 2013-14)
42000 Nos.
3339 Nos. ( during 201213 & 2013-14)

x 35 urban centres have been proposed which will have mixed areas of
Residential, commercial and institutional developments and contains low,
medium and high rise residential areas.

145

x Rail freight corridors have been proposed at Thimmapur, Bhongiri and


Ravulapally while logistic hubs will come up at Somaram, Rudraram and
Batasingaram
5. ELECTRICITY DEMAND PROJECTIONS

Based on the input data provided by APTRANSCO, and the consultations with
concerned State authorities, the EPS of Greater Hyderabad has been undertaken.
As per EPS, the total electric EER of Greater Hyderabad is assessed to be 20652 MUs
and 29730 MUs by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22) respectively.
The APEL of Greater Hyderabad is estimated to be 3375MW and 5039 MW by end of
12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22) respectively. The total electricity
consumption is expected to be of the order of 17967 MU by end of 12th plan and
26757 MU by end of 13th plan. The T&D losses of Hyderabad city are expected to be
brought down to 13% by end of 12th plan and further reduced gradually to 10% by
end of 13th plan.
The pattern of utilization of the electrical energy in 2010-11 indicates that the
domestic category contributes around 36% of total electricity consumption followed
by industrial category 30% and commercial category (25%) and balance 9% is an
account of other categories. The EPS results indicates that by end of 12th plan, the
utilization in domestic category is expected to remain steady at 36% whereas a slight
decrease to 29% in industrial category and an increase to 27% in commercial category
is anticipated By end of 13th plan, the utilization in domestic category and industrial
category is likely to remain steady at 36% and 29% respectively with slight increase
to 29% in the case of commercial category.
Annexure H-I indicates the category wise/year wise details of the electricity
consumption, T&D losses, electric energy requirement, peak electric load and pattern
of electricity utilization for 12th & 13th plan period.
5.1

ELCTRICAL ENERGY REQUIREMENT

The total electrical energy requirement of the Greater Hyderabad has been arrived by
adding T&D losses in the total electrical energy consumption at consumer level.
The total energy requirement of the city during the year 2010-11 was 12369 MUs
which is likely to increase to 20652 MUs and 29730 MUs in the year 2016-17 and
2021-22 respectively. The CAGR of EER is 8.92% and 8.3% during 12th & 13th plan
respectively from the base year.

146

The year wise pattern of growth of EER of Greater Hyderabad during the 12th and
13th plan period is shown IN Fig-H-1
35000
30000
25000
20000
15000
10000
5000
0

2010- 201111
12

2012- 2013- 201413


14
15

2015- 2016- 201716


17
18

2018- 2019- 202019


20
21

202122

Energy Requirement MUs 12369 13528 14674 16109 17417 19169 20652 22274 23977 25784 27699 29730




Fig H-1: Electrical Energy Requirement in MU

5.2 ANNUAL PEAK ELECTRIC LOAD

The Peak Electric Demand of Hyderabad was 1639 MW during 2006-07 which rose
to around 1938 MW by 2010-11. As per EPS in APEL is expected to grow @ 9% and
8.08% during 12the and 13th plan respectively from the base year 2010-11 whereas
the actual growth was 4.28% from 2006-07 to 2010-11. The APEL is assessed to be
3375 MW and 5039 MW by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan
respectively. The year wise pattern of growth of APEL of Hyderabad during 12th &
13th Plan is illustrated in Fig H-2.

AnnualElectricPeakLoad(MW)
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
Series1

FY 11

FY 12

FY 13

FY 14

FY 15

FY 16

FY 17

FY 18

FY 19

FY 20

FY 21

FY 22

1938

2134

2331

2577

2806

3110

3375

3666

3975

4306

4660

5039

Fig H-2: Peak Electric Load in MW

147

5.3

ELECTRICAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION

The total electricity consumption of the city during the year 2010-11 was 10056 MUs
which is expected to increase to 17967 MU and 26757 MU during the year 2016-17
and 2021-22. The CAGR from the base year 2010-11 up to the end of 12th Plan is
10.16% and up to the end of 13th plan is 9.3%. The category wise break up of year
wise Electrical Energy consumption for the 12th & 13th plan period is illustrated
below in Fig H-3
Categorywise Energy Consumption in MUs
30000.00
20000.00
10000.00
0.00

2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22

Others

903.33

903.05

933.26 1140.69 1174.23 1516.03 1554.16 1593.55 1632.75 1674.28 1718.85 1765.09

Industries

2979.74 3363.22 3668.76 4002.55 4367.08 4764.94 5199.92 5636.58 6095.54 6592.67 7130.84 7714.09

Commerical 2543.00 2852.52 3189.49 3555.27 3951.09 4378.09 4837.31 5329.65 5855.89 6416.64 7015.70 7657.73
Domesic

3629.58 4008.23 4416.97 4857.00 5329.49 5835.52 6376.05 6951.92 7563.82 8212.24 8897.50 9619.72

Fig H-3: Categorywise Energy Consumption in MUs

From the study of utilisation pattern for the year 2010-11, it can be seen that the
highest energy is consumed in domestic category (36%) followed by industries (30%),
commercial (25%) and remaining (9%) is on account of other categories.
Consumption Pattern (2010-11)

9%
36%

30%

Domestic
Commerical
Industries

25%

Others




148

Co nsumptio n P attern (2016-17)

9%

Co nsumptio n P attern (2021-22)

7%

Do mestic
35%

29%

Co mmerical
Industries

35%

29%

Others

27%

Do mestic

Co mmerical
Industries

29%

Others




Fig H-4: Consumption Pattern

The results of EPS shows that by end of 12th Plan domestic category would accord
for 35% followed by industrial category 29% and commercial category would
consume 27% of total electricity consumption. By end of 13th Plan marginal increase
is anticipated in domestic category (36%) and 2% in increase in commercial category
is anticipated. The consumption pattern is illustrated in Fig-H-4


5.4

TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION LOSSES

The T & D losses for Hyderabad city during the year 2010-11 was 18.70% and for the
forecast proposes gradual reduction of T&D losses to 13% by the end of 12th Plan
which has been adopted in consultation with the State authority. Further reduction of
T&D losses to 10% by the end of 13th Plan is anticipated. The APTRANSCO had
indicated that implementation of RAPDRP is already taken up and gradual reduction
of T&D losses as proposed could be achieved. The year-wise pattern of reduction in T
& D losses envisaged for 12th & 13th plan as per EPS is indicated in Fig - H-5
20.00
15.00
10.00
5.00
0.00

2010- 2011- 2012- 2013- 2014- 2015- 2016- 2017- 2018- 2019- 2020- 202111
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

T & D Losses -in% 18.70 17.75 16.80 15.85 14.90 13.95 13.00 12.40 11.80 11.20 10.60 10.00

Fig H-5: T & D Losses in Percentage

149

6. CATEGORY WISE FORECAST


6.1 DOMESTIC CATEGORY

The electrical energy consumption in domestic category was 1702 MUs and 3630
MUs during the year 2003-04 and 2010-11 respectively.

12000.00
10000.00
8000.00
6000.00
4000.00
2000.00
0.00

2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22

Domestic 3629.58 4008.23 4416.97 4857.00 5329.49 5835.52 6376.05 6951.92 7563.82 8212.24 8897.50 9619.72

Fig H-6; Electric Energy Consumption in Domestic Category

The past growth in No. of Consumers has been studied. The AGR for the year 201011 is 8.62 %. The CAGR for a period from 2003-04 to 2010-11 is 8.62 %. The annual
growth in No.of consumers in this category shows a reducing trend. The same trend
has been maintained for the forecast for the future years also i.e for the 12th & 13th
plan periods. The specific consumption (Kwh/Consumer) for the year 2010-11 was
1697 kWh. Studying the past trend in specific consumption, an annual addition of 30
kWh/Consumer is assumed for future years. The energy consumption is expected to
increase at the rate of 9.85% and 9.21% during 12th and 13th plan period
respectively from the base year 2010-11. The envisaged pattern of growth of electrical
energy consumption for 12th and 13th plan period are indicated in Fig- H6
6.2

COMMERCIAL

The electrical energy consumption in commercial category was 939.54 MUs and 2543
MUs during the year 2003-04 and 2010-11 respectively. The trend in growth actual
No. of consumers in past actual years was analyzed. It shows a reducing trend in
growth. The trend has been maintained for the 12th and 13th plan period also i.e the
growth rate gradually reduces from 8.19% in the year 2010-11 to 6.99% in the year
2016-17 and further reduces to 6.19% in the year 2021-22. The specific energy
consumption (Kwh/Consumer) is expected to increase at 250Kwh/consumer annually
from 2011-12 to 2021-22

150

Energy Consumption -MUs

Commerical
10000.00
8000.00
6000.00
4000.00
2000.00
0.00
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Commerical 2543.00 2852.52 3189.49 3555.27 3951.09 4378.09 4837.31 5329.65 5855.89 6416.64 7015.70 7657.73

Fig H-7: Electric Energy Consumption in Commercial Category

The energy consumption would grow by 11.31% and 10.54% during 12th & 13th plan
period respectively from the base year 2010-11 which includes the impact of
important development projects i.e. expected malls, metro rail and commercial centers
expected to come up in the city. The envisaged pattern of growth of electrical energy
consumption for 12th and 13th plan period are indicated in Fig- H-7
6.3 INDUSTRIAL

The electrical energy consumption in industrial sector was 1460.27 MUs and 2979.74
MUs during the year 2003-04 and 2010-11 respectively. The actual CAGR in
industrial sector (which including (LT & HT industries) was around 9.74%.

Energy Consumption-MUs

Industries
10000.00
8000.00
6000.00
4000.00
2000.00
0.00

2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22

Industries 2979.74 3363.22 3668.76 4002.55 4367.08 4764.94 5199.92 5636.58 6095.54 6592.67 7130.84 7714.09

Fig H-8: Electric Energy Consumption in Industrial Category

The actual growth rate of connected Load in the LT Industries category for the year
2010-11 was 12%. The CAGR for 7 years from 2003-04 is 11.63%. A growth rate of
11% is assumed during the 12th Plan and 10% for the 13th Plan period.
New SEZs are envisaged to come within the limit of Greater Hyderabad City during
the next 10 years for which 6 Nos. of 220 KV sub-stations are proposed to be

151

provided to meet the electricity requirement. Provision has already been made in the
forecast in the H.T.Industries (Demand less than 1 MW) and H.T.Industries (Demand
more than 1 MW). A growth rate of 8% is assumed for 12th Plan and 7% for the 13th
Plan period for H.T less than 1MW category. Energy consumption in industrial sector
will be 5199.92 MUs and 7714.09 MUs by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (202122) plan respectively which is expected to increase at the rate of 10.87% and 9.65%
(Compounded Growth rate from the base year 2010-11) for the 12th and 13th plan
period respectively. The envisaged pattern of growth of electrical energy consumption
for 12th and 13th plan period are indicated in Fig- H-8
6.4

OTHERS (Public Lighting, PWW, Irrigation, Railways & Non Industrial)

Categories included in others are public lighting, public water works, irrigation and
railways The electrical energy consumption in others was 703.45 MUs and 903.32
MUs during the year 2003-04 and 2010-11 respectively. The actual CAGR in these
sectors was around 3.64%. Electrical Energy Consumption in these sectors will be
1554.16 MUs and 1765.10 MUs by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan
period respectively which is expected to increase at the rate of 9.47% and 6.28%
(compounded growth rate from the base year 2010-11) during the 12th and 13th plan
period respectively. The reason for rapid increase in Energy Consumption during the
year 2015-16 is due to the anticipated load for metro rail. The envisaged pattern of
growth of electrical energy consumption for 12th and 13th plan period are indicated in
Fig- H-9

Energy Consumption-MUs

Others
2000.00
1500.00
1000.00
500.00
0.00

2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22

Others 903.33

903.05

933.26 1140.69 1174.23 1516.03 1554.16 1593.55 1632.75 1674.28 1718.85 1765.09

Fig H-9: Electric Energy Consumption in Others Category

152

7. CONCLUSION

Hyderabad, capital of Andhra Pardesh is a fast growing city with its population of
about 7.74 million as per 2011 census. The forecast of the city has been prepared by
broadly considering the various development plans are to be implemented in 12th Plan
in future and its impacts on different categories of Load for the 12th and 13th Plan
Period. The percentage share of utlisation of Energy consumption for different
categories of Load for the year 2021-22 are Domestic 36%, Commercial &
Miscellaneous 29%, Industries 29% and Others 6%. The total Energy
consumption for Andhra Pradesh as a whole for the year 2010 -11 was 63708 MUs (as
per 18th EPS), whereas Greater Hyderabad's Energy Consumption is 10056 MUs
which is 15.78% of States energy consumption. The total Energy requirement for
Andhra Pradesh as s whole for the year 2010 -11 was 78970 MUs (as per 18th EPS),
whereas Greater Hyderabad's Energy Requirement is 12369 MUs which is 15.66% of
States requirement. The total Energy requirement for Andhra Pradesh as a whole for
the year 2016 -17 is estimated as 129767 MUs (as per 18th EPS), whereas Greater
Hyderabad's Energy Requirement is 20652 MUs which is 15.91% of States
requirement. The total Energy requirement for the Andhra Pradesh State as s whole
for the year 2021 -22 is estimated as 191912 MUs (as per 18th EPS), whereas Greater
Hyderabad's Energy Requirement is 29730 MUs which is 15.49% of States
requirement.
The Peak Load for Andhra Pradesh as a whole for the year 2010 -11 was 12630 MW
(as per 18th EPS), whereas Greater Hyderabad's Peak Load is 1938 MW which is
15.34% of States Peak Load. The Peak Load for Andhra Pradesh State as a whole for
the year 2016 -17 is estimated as 22445 MW (as per 18th EPS), whereas Greater
Hyderabad's Peak Load is 3375MW which is 15% of States Peak Load. The Peak
Load for Andhra Pradesh State as a whole for the year 2021 -22 is estimated as 33194
MW (as per 18th EPS), whereas Greater Hyderabad's Peak Load is 5039 MW which
is 1% of States Peak Load.
The T & D Loss percentage for Andhra Pradesh State as a whole for the year 2010 -11
was 17.7% and estimated figures for 2016-17 and 2021-22 are 16.5% and 15%
respectively (as per 18th EPS), whereas Greater Hyderabad's T & D Loss percentage
for the year 2010-11 was 19% and estimated figures for the year 2016-17 and 2021-22
are 13% and 10 % respectively.
To achieve the growth of electricity demand vis--vis consumption as projected in
EPS, the State utilities would have to formulate the strategy to implement the
programme initiated for development of infrastructure. The development activities as
indicated in the Master Plan account for sizeable growth in electricity demand as such
the availability of matching infrastructure for providing electricity is essential.

153

Appendix-H

154

155

PatternofUtilisation
Category
Domestic
Comm.
Industries
Others
Total

2010-11
36.09
25.29
29.63
8.98
100.00

2011-12
36.02
25.64
30.23
8.12
100.00

2012-13
36.18
26.13
30.05
7.64
100.00

2013-14
35.83
26.23
29.53
8.41
100.00

2014-15
35.96
26.66
29.46
7.92
100.00

2015-16
35.38
26.54
28.89
9.19
100.00

EnergyConsumptioninMUs
ConsumptionCategories
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
3630
4008
4417
4857
5329
5836
Domestic
2543
2853
3189
3555
3951
4378
Commercial & Misc.
236
218
235
254
273
294
Public lighting
90
99
108
119
130
142
Public Water Works
438
439
435
430
425
421
Irrigation
614
684
759
843
935
1038
Industries LT
2366
2679
2910
3160
3432
3727
Industries HT
74
79
84
265
270
582
Railway traction
66
68
71
74
76
79
Bulk Supply
Total (Energy
10056
11127
12208
13556
14822
16495
Consumption)
2313
2401
2465
2553
2595
2674
T&D losses -MU
18.70
17.75
16.80
15.85
14.90
13.95
T&D losses -in %
13528
14674
16109
17417
19169
Energy Requirement - MU 12369
72.86
72.36
71.86
71.36
70.86
70.36
Annual Load Factor - %
1938
2134
2331
2577
2806
3110
Peak Load - MW

2016-17
35.63
27.32
28.89
8.17
100.00

19512
2762
12.40
22274
69.36
3666

17967
2685
13.00
20652
69.86
3375

2016-17
35.49
26.92
28.94
8.65
100.00

2017-18
6952
5330
337
168
410
1273
4363
594
84

2016-17
6376
4837
315
155
416
1152
4047
588
81

2017-18
35.77
27.69
28.82
7.72
100.00

21148
2829
11.80
23977
68.86
3975

2018-19
7564
5856
360
183
404
1400
4695
600
86

2018-19
35.87
28.03
28.79
7.31
100.00

22896
2888
11.20
25784
68.36
4306

2019-20
8212
6417
384
198
397
1541
5052
607
88

Hydrabad
18thELECTRICPOWERSURVEYFORECAST
SUMMARYOFELECTRICALENERGYCONSUMPTION,ENERGYREQUIREMENTANDPEAKLOAD
CATEGORYWISE&YEARWISE(Utilitiesonly)
(201011to202122)

2019-20
35.93
28.33
28.80
6.94
100.00

24763
2936
10.60
27699
67.86
4660

2020-21
8898
7016
409
215
391
1695
5436
614
90

AnnexureH1

2020-21
35.95
28.62
28.83
6.60
100.00

26757
2973
10.00
29730
67.36
5039

2021-22
9620
7658
434
233
384
1864
5850
621
93

Electric Power Survey


CHENNAI CITY
1.

INTRODUCTION
Chennai is the capital of the state Tamil Nadu and it is located at the Coromandel Coast of
the Bay of Bengal. The Chennai Metropolitan Area (CMA) comprises the city of Chennai (176
Sq.km), 16 Municipalities(240 Sq.km), 20 Town Panchayats (156 Sq.km)and 214 Village
Panchayats in 10 Panchayat Unions(617 Sq.km). It encompasses the Chennai district (176
Sq.km), part of Thiruvallur district (637 Sq.km) and a part of Kancheepuram district (376
Sq.km).The extent of CMA is 1189 Sq.km. Chennai urban agglomeration had a population of
about 8.8 million in 2011. Chennai recorded an annual growth rate of 3.2% in the last decade.

1.1
Climate & Rainfall
Due to its location near equator, Chennai experiences hot and humid throughout the year.
Due to its vicinity to the coastal area, Chennai does not experience extreme variations in
seasonal temperature. Early June records the highest temperature of 45oC. The cool breeze
during the night time provides some respite to the residents from the high temperature
endured during daytime. During the monsoon, from June to September, Chennai receives
rainfall of about 140 cm. Due to its vicinity to the Bay of Bengal, sometimes, cyclones too hit
the city. Historically, Chennai has relied on annual monsoon rains to replenish water
reservoirs, as no major rivers flow through the area. The winters occur during the months of
November to February with January being the coolest month of the year.
1.2 Industries & Economy
In the post independence period, manufacturing became an important sector and CMA
continues to be most important industrial area in the State. Recent trend shows that the
economic structure of the city is improving with growing contribution by Information
Technology/Information Technology Enabling Service/Business Process Outsourcing.
Chennai has a diversified economic base anchored by the automobile, software services,
hardware manufacturing, health care and financial services industries. A large number of
automotive companies including Hyundai, Renault, Nissan Motors, Ashok Leyland, Daimler
AG, Caterpillar Inc., Komatsu Limited, Ford, BMW and Mitsubishi have manufacturing plants
in Chennai. The Heavy Vehicles Factory at Avadi produces military vehicles, including India's
main battle tank: Arjun MBT. The Integral Coach Factory manufactures railway coaches and
other rolling stock for Indian Railways. The AmbatturPadi industrial zone houses many
textile manufacturers, and a special economic zone (SEZ) for apparel and footwear
manufacture has been set up in the southern suburbs of the city. Many software and software
services companies and Tidel Park have development centres in Chennai. Many Telecom
and Electronics manufacturers are based in and around Chennai. Telecom giants Ericsson
and Alcatel-Lucent, pharmaceuticals giant Pfizer and chemicals giant Dow Chemicals have
research and development facilities in Chennai. The TICEL biotech park at Taramani and
Golden Jubilee biotech park at Siruseri houses biotechnology companies and laboratories.
Chennai has a stock exchange called the Madras Stock Exchange. Medical tourism is
another important part of Chennai's economy The Tamil film industry and the Tamil television
industry are also significant parts of Chennai's economy. The city also has a permanent
exhibition complex in Nandambakkam called the Chennai Trade Centre.

156

2. POWER SCENARIO
In November 2010 TNEB was restructured itself into TNEB Ltd; Tamil Nadu Generation
and Distribution Corporation (TANGEDCO) Ltd; and Tamil Nadu Transmission
Corporation (TANTRANSCO) Ltd. The supply and distribution of electricity to Chennai
city is met by TANGEDCO. The generating stations in and around the city are as detailed
below:
NCTPS
630 MW (Coal based thermal station-TNEB)
ETPS
450 MW(Coal based thermal station-TNEB)
BBGTS
120 MW (Gas based station-TNEB)
GMR VASAVI
196 MW (Diesel based station IPP)

As per the TANGEDCO, in 2010-11 the total energy consumption of the city was 12631
MUs and the peak load met was 2206 MW. The power requirement of Chennai is met
from 4 Nos. of 400 KV S/Stns at Alamathy, Sunguvarchatiram, Kalivandhapattu (PGCIL)
and Sriperambatur 18 Nos. of 230 KV S/Stns and 57 No.s of 110 KV substations with a
total capacity of approximately 5000 MVA.
The category wise Energy consumption for the year 2010-11 is given below:
Category wise Energy consumption for the year 2010-11
Category
Energy Consumption in MUs
% of Total
1. Domestic
4107
32.5
2. Commercial & Misc
1951
15.45
3. Public Lighting
82
0.65
4. Public Water Works
i) LT
32
0.25
ii) HT
70
0.55
5. Irrigation
P/S
226
1.79
LIS
0
0
6. Industries
i) LT
2431
19.25
ii) HT
3452
27.33
iii) Railway Traction
280
2.22
Total
12631
100

A map showing grid sub stations and transmission & distribution system of Chennai City
is given at Appendix C

3. CONSULTATION WITH STATE UTILITIES / AUTHORITIES


During the course of electricity demand forecasting of Chennai city, consultations were
held with TANGEDCO and the main points discussed during the meeting are outlined
below:

157

TANGEDCO has supplied actual data up to 2009-10 and figures of 2010-11 are
provisional which has been considered as base year figure.

The T&D Losses for year 2010-11 of Chennai City is around 15% and
TANGEDCO informed that the RAPDRP Scheme is already under
implementation and all efforts would be made to reduce the T & D Loss to
13.51% by the end of 12th Plan and to the level of 11% by the end of the 13th
Plan.

For consumption in Domestic category, it has been decided to adopt a growth


rate of 5% during the 12th Plan and 4% during the 13th Plan period for No. of
consumers and likewise for commercial category 6% and 5% respectively.

In regards to Public Lighting Category TANGEDCO informed that during the 12th
Plan onwards utilisation of Solar Energy and LED Lighting systems are to be
initiated. It was decided to adopt a growth rate of 3% during the 12th Plan and
2% during the 13th Plan period in connected Load for public lighting category.

Large scale infrastructural developments are expected to take place in the H.T
industrial Sector. Considering the developments envisaged in the H.T Industrial
Sector. It has been decided to merge the two categories of load ,viz, HT
Industrial category less than one 1MW and HT industries Category more than
1MW, as a single category of Load as " HT Industries". Also decided to give due
considerations in the growth of connected Load for this category as per the
developments envisaged for this category for 12th & 13th Plan Period.

In the LT industrial category of load, 30000 small scale industrial units are
expected to come up within the city limits and it has been decided at adopt an
annual addition of 50MW in connected load for the span of 12th and 13th plan
period.

Due to the rapid urbanization of the city and adjoining area the energy
consumption under irrigation category will gradually reduce in 12th & 13th Plan.

It has also been indicated that there was no power/energy restrictions for
Chennai City for the year 2010-11(Base Year).

4. SALIENT FEATURES OF GROWTH OF INFRASTRUCTURE IN CHENNAI


x

x
x

The Rapid Transport system is proposed to be introduced in Chennai and power


demand of 90 MW by end of 12th Plan is included in the railway traction category
as per the detailed information submitted by TANGEDCO as per two lines with
total length of 80km and 41 station are planned in Phase-I.
SIPCOT Industrial Parks are proposed to be setup at Pillaipakkam near
Irungattukottai and at Vallamvadakkal near Sriperumpudur
The details of existing & proposed sub stations as proposed by TANGEDCO are
given in Table-C-1.

158

Table-C-1
Existing & Proposed sub stations of TANGEDCO
Electric S/Stns
400/220kV

Present
4Nos. (Sriperumpudur,
Sunguvarchatiram,
Kalivandhapattu(PGCIL)
Alamathy

Proposed
5 Nos.(Guindy, Thervaikandigai,
Ottlambakam, Korattur,Manli )

230/110kV
110kV
33/11 kV
Distribution
Transformers for
the 12th Plan
period

18
57
99
16351

9
18
41
1227

The list of 230/110 KV, 110/66 KV and 33/11 KV Substations which are to be
implemented in a phased manner are indication the Network map indicating 230/110/33kv
feeding arrangement of Chennai Metro Area. (Appendix C).
5. ELECTRICITY DEMAND PROJECTIONS
Based on the input data provided by TANGEDCO and the subsequent consultations
regarding the factors governing the growth of infrastructure and electricity demand in next
10 years and the steps initiated/planned by State Authorities the EPS of Chennai city has
been undertaken.
As per EPS, the total electric energy requirements of Chennai city are estimated to
be 21434 MUs and 26236 MUs by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22)
respectively. The peak electric load of Chennai city is estimated to be 3331 MW and
4309 MW by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22) respectively. The total
electricity consumption is expected to be of the order of 18537 MU by end of 12th plan
and 23346 MU by end of 13th plan. The T&D losses of Chennai city are expected to be
brought down to 13.51% by end of 12th plan and further reduced gradually to 11% by end
of 13th plan.
The pattern of utilization of the electric energy in 2010-11 indicates that the
Industrial category contributes around 47% followed by domestic category 33%,
commercial category 15% and others 5%. The EPS results shows that by end of 12th
plan, the utilization in commercial category may remain the same whereas the pattern of
utilisation of electricity for industrial category may increase to 48% and domestic category
may decrease to 31%. By end of 13th plan, the utilization in domestic category is likely to
slightly decrease to 30% and industrial category may increase to 49% and contribution
of commercial category may increase to 16%.
Annexure C-I indicates the category wise/year wise summary details of the electricity
consumption, T&D losses, electric energy requirement, peak load and pattern of
utilization for 12th & 13th plan period.

159

5.1

ENERGY REQUIREMENT

The total electrical energy requirement of the Chennai City has been arrived by adding
T&D losses in the total electrical energy consumption at consumer level.
The total energy requirement of the city during the year 2010-11 was 14842 MUs which is
expected to increase to 21184 MUs and 26084 MUs for the year 2016-17 and 2021-22
respectively. The compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of energy requirement would
be around 6.11% and 5.26% during 12th & 13th plan respectively from the base 2010-11.
The year wise pattern of growth in Electrical Energy Requirement is shown in Fig C-1

ElectricalEnergyRequirement(MUs)
30000
25000
20000
15000
10000
5000
0
Series1

FY 11

FY 12

FY 13

FY 14

FY 15

FY 16

FY 17

FY 18

FY 19

FY 20

FY 21

FY 22

14842

15273

16448

17621

19057

20232

21434

22416

23353

24296

25256

26236

Fig C-1: Electrical Energy Requirement in MU

5.2

PEAK ELECTRIC LOAD

According to the data furnished by TANGEDCO, the Peak Demand of City was 1290 MW
during 1999-00 which rose to around 2206 MW by 2010-11 and is expected to grow @
7.11% and 6.28% during 12the and 13th plan respectively from the base year 2010-11 in
spite of 5.00% actual growth from 1999-00 to 2010-11. As the result of the study of
pattern of utilization of various categories , the peak electric load will be 3370 and
4334MW by the end of 12th (2016-17)and 13th (2021-22)plan respectively.
The year wise growth of peak Electric Load for Chennai City is illustrated in Fig C-2

AnnualElectricPeakLoad(MW)
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
Series1

FY 11

FY 12

FY 13

FY 14

FY 15

FY 16

FY 17

FY 18

FY 19

FY 20

FY 21

FY 22

2206

2291

2490

2693

2940

3151

3370

3559

3744

3934

4130

4334

Fig C-2: Peak Electric Load in MW

160

5.3

ELECTRICAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION

The total electricity consumption of the city during the year 2010-11 was 12631 MUs and
is expected to increase to 18537 MU and 23346 MU during the year 2016-17 and 202122 respectively with the compounded growth rate of 6.60 & 5.74% from the base year
2010-11.
The category-wise growth in electricity consumption as per EPS is illustrated in Fig.C-3

Categorywise Energy Consumption in MUs


30000.00
20000.00
10000.00
0.00

FY 11

FY 12

FY 13

FY 14

FY 15

FY 16

FY 17

FY 18

FY 19

FY 20

FY 21

FY 22

Others

689.73

639.17

710.50

760.65 1028.05 1049.18 1070.72 1090.98 1110.39 1130.12 1150.16 1170.55

Industries

5883.32 5978.81 6576.59 7178.09 7779.59 8381.09 8982.59 9476.09 9957.59 10439.09 10920.59 11402.09

Commerical 1951.40 2079.75 2212.43 2354.29 2495.78 2651.02 2819.14 2985.27 3149.29 3316.44 3495.45 3688.70
Domestic

4107.00 4335.78 4574.17 4825.56 5090.65 5370.19 5664.96 5946.62 6213.01 6491.21 6781.71 7085.07

Fig C-3: Categorywise Energy Consumption in MU


From the utilisation pattern for the year 2010-11, it can be seen that the highest energy is
consumed by Industrial category (47%) followed by Domestic (33%), commercial (15%)
and other remaining categories (5%).
The consumption pattern for various sectors as on 2010-11 and as envisaged by end of
12th plan & 13th plan is illustrated in Fig C-4
Consmption Pattern (2016-17)

Consuption Pattern(2010-11)

Consumption Pattern(2021-22)

6%

5%
33%

Domestic

31%

5%
30%

Commerical
Industries

47%
15%

Others

48%
15%

49%
16%

Domestic
Commerical
Industries
Others

Fig C-4: Consumption Pattern


The pattern of utilization by the end of 12th & 13th Plan would be 31% & 30% in
domestic, 15% & 16 % in commercial, 48% and 49% in industrial sector and 6% & 5% in
others (which includes public lighting, public water works, irrigation, railway and bulk
consumers) for 12th & 13th plan respectively. The consumption pattern for for various
sectors as on 2010-11 and as envisaged by the end of 12th Plan & 13th Plan is illustrated
in Fig C-4.

161

5.4

TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION LOSSES

The T & D losses for Chennai city during the year 2010-11 were 14.89% and the forecast
proposes to adopt gradual reduction of T&D losses to 12.49% by the end of 12th Plan
and further reduction to 10.49% by the end of 13th Plan. The representative of
TANGEDCO indicated that implementation of RAPDRP scheme is already undertaken
and gradual reduction of T&D losses would be achieved. The forecast envisages T & D
losses as 12.49% & 10.49% in the year 2016-17 & 2021-22 respectively
The year wise pattern of reduction in T & D losses envisaged as per EPS is indicated in
Fig C-5.

Transmission&DistributionLosses(%)
16.00
14.00
12.00
10.00
8.00
6.00
4.00
2.00
0.00

FY 11

FY 12

FY 13

FY 14

FY 15

FY 16

FY 17

FY 18

FY 19

FY 20

FY 21

FY 22

Series1

14.89

14.66

14.43

14.20

13.97

13.74

13.51

13.01

12.51

12.01

11.51

11.01

Fig C-5: T & D Losses in Percentage


6. CATEGORY WISE FORECAST
6.1

DOMESTIC CATEGORY

The electrical energy consumption in domestic category was 1509 MUs and 4107 MUs
during the year 1999-00 and 2010-11 respectively. Considering the past growth in
number of consumers, the number of consumers are expected to increase at the rate of
5% & 4% per year during the 12th and 13th plan period respectively.

Energy Consumption in MUs

Domestic
8000.00
7000.00
6000.00
5000.00
4000.00
3000.00
2000.00
1000.00
0.00

FY 11

FY 12

FY 13

FY 14

FY 15

FY 16

FY 17

FY 18

FY 19

FY 20

FY 21

FY 22

Domestic 4107.00 4335.78 4574.17 4825.56 5090.65 5370.19 5664.96 5946.62 6213.01 6491.21 6781.71 7085.07

Fig C-6 Electric Energy Consumption in Domestic Category

162

The energy consumption is expected to increase at the rate of 5.51% and 5.08% during
12th and 13th plan period respectively from the base year 2010-11.The Electricity
Consumption for 12th & 13th Plan period is indicated in Fig-C6
6.2

COMMERCIAL

The electrical energy consumption in commercial category was 563 MUs and 1951.40
MUs during the year 1999-00 and 2010-11 respectively. Considering the past energy
consumption trends and keeping in view the probable impact of developments on energy
consumption, the number of consumers are expected to increase at the rate of 6% and
5% per year during the 12th and 13th plan respectively. The specific energy consumption
is expected to increase at a 25Kwh/consumer during 12th and 13th plan period
respectively
4000.00

3500.00
3000.00
2500.00
2000.00
1500.00
1000.00
500.00
0.00

FY 11

FY 12

FY 13

FY 14

FY 15

FY 16

FY 17

FY 18

FY 19

FY 20

FY 21

FY 22

Commerical 1951.40 2079.75 2212.43 2354.29 2495.78 2651.02 2819.14 2985.27 3149.29 3316.44 3495.45 3688.70

Fig C-7 Electric Energy Consumption in Commercial Category


The energy consumption would grow by 6.72% and 6.29% during 12th & 13th plan period
respectively which includes the impact of important development projects i.e. expected
malls, metro rail and commercial centers expected to come up n the city. The Electricity
Consumption pattern for 12th & 13th Plan period are indicated in Fig C-7
6.3 INDUSTRIAL
The electrical energy consumption in industrial sector was 1894.93 MUs and 5883.32
MUs during the year 1999-00 and 2010-11 respectively. The actual CAGR in industrial
sector (which including (LT & HT industries) was around 12%. The TANGEDCO
authorities during the discussion informed that there would be considerable growth
expected in L.T & H.T Industrial sectors. This has been taken in to account for the
industrial forecast.
Energy Consumption in MUs

Industries
12000.00
10000.00
8000.00
6000.00
4000.00
2000.00
0.00

FY 11

FY 12

FY 13

FY 14

FY 15

FY 16

FY 17

FY 18

FY 19

FY 20

FY 21

FY 22

Industries 5883.32 5978.81 6576.59 7178.09 7779.59 8381.09 8982.59 9476.09 9957.59 10439.0 10920.5 11402.0

Fig C-8 Electric Energy Consumption in Industrial Category

163

Energy consumption in industrial sector will be 8983 MUs and 11402 MUs by the end of
12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan respectively which is expected to be increase at
the rate of 7.31% and 6.20% (Compounded Growth rate from the base year 2010-11) for
the 12th and 13th plan period respectively.
The past trend in connected load of medium and large scale industries has been studied
and it has been observed that the average annual addition of connected load is only
about 100 MW. Hence, for the forecast, an annual addition of 200 MW for the 12th Plan
period and an annual addition of 150 MW for the 13th plan period assumed for HT
industrial category considering the industrial developments envisaged by Industrial
department and TANGEDCO. For LT Industrial category an annual addition of 50 MW is
assumed for the 12th and 13th plan. The consumption pattern in industrial Category for
12th & 13th plan is indicated in Fig C-8
6.4

OTHERS (Public Lighting, PWW, Irrigation, Railways & Non Industrial)

Categories included in OTHERS category are public lighting, public water works,
irrigation, railways .The electrical energy consumption in others was 195.84 MUs and
689.73 MUs during the year 1999-00 and 2010-11 respectively. The actual CAGR in
these sectors was around 13.42%. Electrical Energy Consumption in these sectors will be
1071.41 MUs and 1170.54 MUs by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan
period respectively which is expected to be increase at the rate of 7.62% and 4.93%
(compounded growth rate from the base year 2010-11) during the 12th and 13th plan
period respectively. The reason for rapid increase in Energy Consumption during the year
2014-15 is due to the anticipated load for metro rail. The pattern of electrical energy
consumption on these categories for 12th and 13th plan period are indicated in fig C-9

Energy Consumptionin MUs

Others
1400.00
1200.00
1000.00
800.00
600.00
400.00
200.00
0.00

FY 11

FY 12

FY 13

FY 14

FY 15

FY 16

FY 17

FY 18

FY 19

FY 20

FY 21

FY 22

Others 689.73

639.17

710.50

760.65 1028.05 1049.18 1070.72 1090.98 1110.39 1130.12 1150.16 1170.55

Fig C-9 Electric Energy Consumption in OTHERS Category


7. CONCLUSION
Chennai, capital of Tamilnadu state is a fast growing city with its population of about 8.8.
million in 2010-11.The forecast of the city has been prepared by broadly considering the
various development plans which may takes place in future and its impacts on different
categories of Load for the 12th and 13th Plan Period. The percentage share of utlisation

164

of Energy consumption for different categories of Load for the year 2021-22 are Domestic
30%,Commercial & Miscellaneous 16%,Industries 49% and Others 5%
The total Energy requirement for Tamilnadu as a whole for the year 2010 -11 was 80314
MUs ( as per 18th EPS) whereas CMAs Energy Requirement is 14842 MUs which is 18
% of States requirement. The total Energy requirement for Tamilnadu State as a whole
for the year 2016 -17 is estimated as 119251 MUs ( as per 18th EPS). whereas CMAs
Energy Requirement is 21434 which is 17% of States requirement. The total Energy
requirement for Tamilnadu as a whole for the year 2021 -22 is estimated as 171718 MUs
( as per 18th EPS). whereas CMAs Energy Requirement is 26236 MUs which is 15% of
States requirement.
The Peak Load for Tamilnadu State as a whole for the year 2010 -11 was 11728 MW (as
per 18th EPS) whereas CMAs Peak Load is 2206 MW which is 19% of States Peak
Load. The Peak Load for Tamilnadu State as a whole for the year 2016 -17 is estimated
as 20816 MW ( as per 18th EPS) whereas CMAs Peak Load is 3370 MW which is 16%
of States Peak Load. The Peak Load for Tamilnadu as a whole for the year 2021 -22 is
estimated as 29975 MW ( as per 18th EPS) whereas CMAs Peak Load is 4334 MW
which is 14% of States Peak Load.
The T & D Loss percentage for Tamilnadu as a whole for the year 2010 -11 was 18.21%
and estimated figures for 2016-17 and 2021-22 are 17.61% and 16.11% respectively (as
per 18th EPS), whereas CMAs T & D Loss percentage for the year 2010-11 was 14.89%
and estimated figures for the year 2016-17 and 2021-22 are 13.59% and 11%
respectively. The estimates for T& D Losses have been made after considering the
various measures planned by TANGEDCO to curtail the T& D Losses for the CMA.
To achieve the growth of electricity demand vis--vis consumption as projected in EPS
the State utilities would have to formulate the strategy to implement the programme
initiated for development of infrastructure. The development activities as indicated in the
Master Plan account for sizeable growth in electricity demand as such the availability of
matching infrastructure for providing electricity is essential.

165

Appendix-C

166

167

PatternofUtilisation
Category
Domestic
Comm.
Industries
Others
Total

2010-11
32.51
15.45
46.58
5.46
100.00

2011-12
33.27
15.96
45.87
4.90
100.00

2012-13
32.50
15.72
46.73
5.05
100.00

2013-14
31.92
15.57
47.48
5.03
100.00

2014-15
31.05
15.22
47.45
6.27
100.00

2015-16
30.77
15.19
48.03
6.01
100.00

EnergyConsumptioninMUs
ConsumptionCategories
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
4107
4336
4574
4826
5091
5370
Domestic
1951
2080
2212
2354
2496
2651
Commercial & Misc.
82
82
82
84
87
90
Public lighting
102
106
111
116
121
126
Public Water Works
226
138
136
134
132
130
Irrigation
2431
2632
2764
2886
3007
3129
Industries LT
3452
3347
3812
4292
4772
5252
Industries HT
280
313
381
426
688
703
Railway traction
0
0
0
0
0
0
Bulk Supply
Total (Energy
12631
13034
14074
15119
16394
17451
Consumption)
2210
2240
2374
2503
2663
2781
T&D losses -MU
14.89
14.66
14.43
14.20
13.97
13.74
T&D losses -in %
15273
16448
17621
19057
20232
Energy Requirement - MU 14842
76.80
76.10
75.40
74.70
74.00
73.30
Annual Load Factor - %
2206
2291
2490
2693
2940
3151
Peak Load - MW

2016-17
30.50
15.31
48.60
5.60
100.00

19499
2917
13.01
22416
71.90
3559

18537
2896
13.51
21434
72.60
3370

2016-17
30.56
15.21
48.46
5.78
100.00

2017-18
5947
2985
95
137
126
3372
6104
733
0

2016-17
5665
2819
92
132
128
3250
5732
718
0

2017-18
30.41
15.41
48.74
5.44
100.00

20430
2922
12.51
23353
71.20
3744

2018-19
6213
3149
96
143
123
3493
6464
748
0

2018-19
30.37
15.51
48.83
5.29
100.00

21377
2919
12.01
24296
70.50
3934

2019-20
6491
3316
98
149
120
3615
6824
763
0

Chennai
18thELECTRICPOWERSURVEYFORECAST
SUMMARYOFELECTRICALENERGYCONSUMPTION,ENERGYREQUIREMENTANDPEAKLOAD
CATEGORYWISE&YEARWISE(Utilitiesonly)
(201011to202122)

2019-20
30.35
15.64
48.87
5.15
100.00

22348
2908
11.51
25256
69.80
4130

2020-21
6782
3495
100
154
118
3736
7184
778
0

AnnexureB1

2020-21
30.35
15.80
48.84
5.01
100.00

23346
2890
11.01
26236
69.10
4334

2021-22
7085
3689
102
161
115
3858
7544
793
0

Electric Power Survey


BANGALORE CITY
1. INTRODUCTION
Bangalore, now renamed as Bengaluru is the capital of Karnataka with an estimated
population of 8.47 million in 2011. Bangalore lies in the southeast of Karnataka. It is in
the Mysore Plateau at an average elevation of 900 m. It is located at 12.97N 77.56E .
The majority of the city lies in the Bangalore Urban district of Karnataka and the
surrounding rural areas are a part of the Bangalore Rural district. The Bangalore
Metropolitan Area Zone (BMAZ) covers an area of 1570Sq Kms. The topology of
Bangalore is flat except for a central ridge running NNE-SSW. Bangalore sometimes
does face water shortages, especially during the summer season- more so in the years
of low rainfall.

1.1Climate & Rainfall


Bangalore experiences a tropical savanna climate with distinct wet and dry seasons.
Due to its high elevation, Bangalore usually enjoys a more moderate climate
throughout the year. The coolest month is December with an average low temperature
of 15.4 C and the hottest month is April with an average high temperature of 32.8 C.
Winter temperatures rarely drop below 12 C, and summer temperatures seldom
exceed 3435 C. Bangalore receives rainfall from both the northeast and the
southwest monsoons and the wettest months are August, September and October in
that order.

1.2 Industries & Economy


Bengaluru evolved into a manufacturing hub for heavy industries such as Hindustan
Aeronautics Limited, Indian Telephone Industries , Hindustan Machine Tools and
Bharat Electronics Limited after independence. World Aerospace giants such as
Boeing, Airbus, Goodrich, Dynamatics, Honeywell, GE Aviation, UTL others have their
R&D and Engineering centres. In June 1972, the ISRO was created under the DOS
and headquartered in Bengaluru.
In the past three decades, the establishment and success of high technology firms in
Bengaluru has led to the growth of Information Technology (IT) in India. The Silicon
Valley of India is a nickname of the Indian city of Bengaluru. The name signifies
Bengaluru's status as a hub for information technology (IT) companies in India .
Bengaluru is also becoming a destination for the automotive industry with Toyota Volvo
Trucks manufacturing plants. Bengaluru houses many small and medium scale
industries in its Peenya industrial area .

168

2.

POWER SCENARIO
In July 1999, the Karnataka Electricity Board (KEB) was unbundled into two companies
- Karnataka Power Corporation Limited (KPCL) for managing generation, and
Karnataka Power Transmission Corporation Limited (KPTCL) for transmission and
distribution. In 2002, the distribution business of KPTCL to Bangalore City was
transferred to Bangalore Electricity Supply Company Ltd. (Bescom). The total electricity
consumption of the city was 10300 MU in year 2010-11. During the last four years, the
city has observed more or less steady annual growth rate of 7 - 8 % in terms of
electrical energy consumption. The peak electric load of the city was 2002 MW during
2010-11. A map showing grid sub stations and transmission & distribution system of
Bangalore is given at Appendix-B.
The category wise Energy consumption for the year 2010-11is shown below :
Category wise Energy consumption for the year 2010-11
Category
Energy
% of Total
Consumption in
MUs
1. Domestic
3463
33.6
2. Commercial & Misc
3267
31.7
3. Public Lighting
240
2.3
4. Public Water Works
i)
LT
133
1.3
ii)
HT
229
2.2
5. Irrigation
P/S
52
0.5
LIS
0
0
6. Industries
i) LT
690
6.7
ii) HT
2202
21.4
iii) Railway Traction
23
0.2
Total
10299
100

3. CONSULTATION WITH STATE UTILITIES / AUTHORITIES


During the course of electricity demand forecasting of Bangalore city, the consultation
were made with concerned state utilities of Karnataka viz. Karnataka Power
Transmission Corporation Ltd (KPTCL) and Bangalore Electric Supply Company Ltd
(BESCOM).
The main points discussed during the consultation with the state organizations outlined
below:
x
The representatives from KPTCL and BESCOM informed that the Energy
Requirement and Peak load data given for the year 2010-11 are unrestricted
figures. They also informed that within city limits no SEZs are planned for the
next 10 years.
x
The area covered for this forecast is Bangalore Metropolitan Area Zone .

169

x
x

x
x

4.

For Domestic category, it has been decided to adopt a growth rate of 5% during
the 12th Plan and 4% during the 13th Plan period for No. of consumers and
likewise for commercial category 7% and 6% respectively.
In regards to Public Lighting Category, the representatives informed that during
the 12th and 13th Plan, utilisation of Solar Energy and LED Lighting systems are
planned to be undertaken. So growth rate of 5% during the 12th Plan and 4%
during the 13th Plan period has been adopted.
As per the Master Plan 2015 (prepared in 2007), besides the Industrial areas
like, Peenya, Bommasandra and Electronic City, several new industrial areas
have been identified. Considering this, it has been decided during the meeting to
adopt 7% and 6% growth rate in connected load for LT industries during 12th and
13th plan period respectively.
There are 57 major industries with contracted power demand of 1 MW and
above with BESCOM within Bangalore Metropolitan Area Zone. The
representative of State Utilities informed that there is no scope for further major
industries coming up within the city limits. However, considering the
developments in IT Sector in the identified High-tech Zone (As per Master plan
2015) like Whitefield (ITPL) and Electronic City, a growth rates of 5% and 4%
have been considered for the 12th and 13th plan period respectively.
The representatives informed that energy requirement for namma metro has
been taken care in the forecast provided by BESCOM for railway traction
category.
Due to the rapid urbanization of the cities, energy consumption under irrigation
category will reduce considerably in the 12th and 13th Plan. As such Number of
Pump sets in the 12th and 13th Plan will reduce.

SALIENT FEATURES OF GROWTH INFRASTRUCTURE IN BANGALORE


As per the Master Plan 2015 (prepared in 2007), the salient features of the
development of infrastructure to meet the growing demand in various sectors is as
under:x

Proposal for Multi-modal Public Transportation System. This includes,


Elevated Core Ring Road, Outer Ring Road, Intermediate Ring Road,
Peripheral Ring Road, Satellite Township Ring Road, Airport Ring
Road(Express Way), Bangalore Metro Rail ( East-West and North-South
Corridors), Commuter Rail System

Key sectors, which are envisaged to contribute to the growth of Bangalore,


include the following:
(i) IT/ITES & Bio-technology;
(ii) Education; and
(iii) Healthcare.

170

The details of existing & proposed sub stations as per furnished by MPPKVCCL is
as under:
Electric
Substation
400/220kV
220/11kV
66/11kV

Present

Proposed

2(Somanahally
& Hoody)
13
84

1(Electronic city)
6
23

5. ELECTRICITY DEMAND PROJECTIONS


The input data provided by KPTCL and BESCOM, the consultations regarding the
factors governing the growth of infrastructure and electricity demand in next 10 years
and the steps initiated/planned by State Authorities were broadly studied. The EPS
of Bangalore city has been undertaken after taking into consideration the above
aspects.
As per EPS, the total electric energy requirements of Bangalore city is estimated to
be 16260 MUs and 21219 MUs by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (202122) respectively. The peak load requirements of Bangalore city is estimated to be
2805 MW and 3717 MW by end of 12th plan (2016-17) and 13th plan (2021-22)
respectively. The total electricity consumption is expected to be of the order of 14465
MU by end of 12th plan and 18972 MU by end of 13th plan. The Transmission &
Distribution losses of Bangalore city are expected to be brought down to 11.04% by
end of 12th plan and further reduced gradually to 10.59% by end of 13th plan.
The pattern of utilization of the electric energy in 2010-11 indicates that the domestic
category contributes around 33% followed by commercial 32%, industrial category
28% and others 6%. The EPS results indicate that by the end of 12th plan, the
utilization in domestic category slightly increases to 34% whereas the industrial
category may decrease to 25% and commercial category may increase to 34%. By
end of 13th plan, the utilization in domestic category is likely to remains same with
slight decrease to 23% in industrial category and increased to 36% for commercial
category.
Annexure B-I indicate the category wise/year wise details of the electricity
consumption, T&D losses, electric energy requirement, peak load and pattern of
utilization for 12th & 13th plan period.
The details of EPS results are described below:5.1 ENERGY REQUIREMENT
The total electrical energy requirement of the Bangalore City has been arrived by
adding T&D losses in the total electrical energy consumption at consumer level. The

171

total energy requirement of the city during the year 2010-11 was 11609 MUs which is
expected to increase to 16260 MUs and 21219 MUs for the year 2016-17 and 202122 respectively. The compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of energy requirement
would be around 5.7% and 5.59% during 12th & 13th plan respectively from the base
year 2010-11.
The year-wise pattern of Growth in electrical Energy requirements for 12th & 13th
Plan period is shown in Fig B-1

ElectricalEnergyRequirement(MUs)
25000
20000
15000
10000
5000
0
Series1

FY 11

FY 12

FY 13

FY 14

FY 15

FY 16

FY 17

FY 18

FY 19

FY 20

FY 21

FY 22

11609

12300

13013

13755

14542

15377

16260

17165

18050

19155

20163

21219




Fig B-1: Electrical Energy Requirement in MUs

5.2 PEAK ELECTRIC LOAD


According to the data furnished by BESCOM, the Peak Demand of City was 1134
MW during 2003-04 which rose to around 2002MW by 2010-11 and is expected to
grow @ 5.71% and 5.74% during 12th and 13th plan respectively from the base year
2010-11 in spite of 8.46% actual growth from 2003-04 to 2010-11. As the result of
the study of pattern of utilization of various categories, the peak electric load will be
2805 MW and 3717 MW by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan
respectively.
The year-wise growth of peak electric load Bangalore city during 12th & 13th plan
period are shown in Fig B-2

AnnualElectricPeakLoad(MW)

4000
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
Series1

FY 11

FY 12

FY 13

FY 14

FY 15

FY 16

FY 17

FY 18

FY 19

FY 20

FY 21

FY 22

2002

2090

2218

2352

2494

2645

2805

2970

3133

3335

3521

3717





Fig B-2: Peak Electrical Load in MW

172

5.3

ENERGY CONSUMPTION

The total electricity consumption of the city during the year 2010-11 was 10299
MUs and is expected to increase to 14465 MU and 18972 MU during the year 201617 and 2021-22 respectively with the compounded growth rate of 5.82 & 5.71% from
the base year 2010-11.
The category-wise growth in electricity consumption as per EPS is illustrated in Fig B-3
Categorywise Energy Consumption in MUs
20000.00
15000.00
10000.00
5000.00
0.00

FY 11

FY 12

FY 13

FY 14

FY 15

FY 16

FY 17

FY 18

FY 19

FY 20

FY 21

FY 22

Others

677.09

705.89

763.29

810.46

859.03

909.89

959.68 1011.65 1061.68 1267.62 1344.34 1418.06

Industries

2892.27 3046.33 3160.06 3279.75 3405.75 3538.45 3678.25 3806.44 3931.21 4061.84 4198.65 4341.97

Commerical 3267.39 3505.11 3756.47 4025.83 4314.51 4623.87 4955.40 5293.40 5628.74 5985.27 6364.32 6767.31
Domestic

3462.98 3660.04 3876.02 4104.45 4346.03 4601.51 4871.68 5174.08 5468.17 5777.50 6102.84 6444.95

Fig B-3: Category wise Energy in MU

From the utilisation pattern for the year 2010-11, it can be seen that the highest
energy is consumed by domestic category (33%) followed by commercial (32%),
industrial (28%) and other remaining categories (7%).

7%
33%

28%

7%

Domestic

25%

Commerical

34%

Domestic
Commerical

7%
34%

23%

Others

34%

Others

Domestic
Commerical
Industries

Industries

Industries

32%

Consumption Pattern (2021-22)

Consmption Pattern (2016-17)

Consumption Pattern (2010-11)

36%

Others



Fig B-4: Consumption Pattern


The pattern of utilization by the end of 12th & 13th Plan would be 34% in domestic, 34%
& 36 % in commercial, 25% and 23% in industrial sector and 7% in others (which
includes public lighting, public water works, irrigation, railway and bulk consumers) for
12th & 13th plan respectively.
The consumption pattern for various sectors as on 2010-11 and as envisaged by the end
of12th pan and 13th plan is illustrated in Fig B-4.


173

5.4

TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION LOSSES

The T & D losses for Bangalore city during the year 2010-11 was 11.28%, which is
expected to reduce to 11.04% and 10.59% by the end of 12th plan and 13th plan period
respectively. The year-wise pattern of reduction in T & D losses envisaged for 12th &
13th plan as per EPS is indicated in Fig B-5.

Transmission&DistributionLosses(%)
11.40
11.20
11.00
10.80
10.60
10.40
10.20
Series1

FY 11

FY 12

FY 13

FY 14

FY 15

FY 16

FY 17

FY 18

FY 19

FY 20

FY 21

FY 22

11.28

11.24

11.20

11.16

11.12

11.08

11.04

10.95

10.86

10.77

10.68

10.59





Fig B-5: T & D Losses in Percentage

CATEGORY WISE FORECAST

6.1 DOMESTIC CATEGORY


The electrical energy consumption in domestic category was 1716.87 MUs and 3462.98
MUs during the year 2003-04 and 2010-11 respectively. Considering the past growth in
number of consumers, it is expected to increase at the rate of 5% & 4% per year during
the 12th and 13th plan period respectively. The energy consumption is expected to
increase at the rate of 5.85% and 5.81% during 12th and 13th plan period respectively
from the base year 2010-11.The envisaged pattern of growth of electrical energy
consumption for 12th and 13th plan period are indicated in Fig B-6

Energy Consumption in MUs

Domestic
7000.00
6000.00
5000.00
4000.00
3000.00
2000.00
1000.00
0.00

FY 11

FY 12

FY 13

FY 14

FY 15

FY 16

FY 17

FY 18

FY 19

FY 20

FY 21

FY 22

Domestic 3462.98 3660.04 3876.02 4104.45 4346.03 4601.51 4871.68 5174.08 5468.17 5777.50 6102.84 6444.95




Fig B-6: Electric energy Consumption in Domestic Category

174

6.2

COMMERCIAL

The electrical energy consumption in commercial category was 971 MUs and
3267 MUs during the year 2003-04 and 2010-11 respectively. Considering the past
energy consumption trends and keeping in view the probable impact of major
development plans in commercial sector, the number of consumers are expected to
increase at the rate of 7% and 6% per year during the 12th and 13th plan respectively.
The specific energy consumption is expected to increase at a moderate rate during 12th
and 13th plan period respectively.

Energy Consumption in MUs

Commerical
8000.00
7000.00
6000.00
5000.00
4000.00
3000.00
2000.00
1000.00
0.00

FY 11

FY 12

FY 13

FY 14

FY 15

FY 16

FY 17

FY 18

FY 19

FY 20

FY 21

FY 22

Commerical 3267.39 3505.11 3756.47 4025.83 4314.51 4623.87 4955.40 5293.40 5628.74 5985.27 6364.32 6767.31

Fig B-7: Electric energy Consumption in Commercial & Misc. Category


The energy consumption would grow by 7.19% and 6.84% during 12th & 13th plan
period respectively which includes the impact of important development projects i.e.
expected malls, metro rail BRT and commercial centres expected to come up in the city.
The envisaged pattern of growth of electrical energy consumption for 12th and 13th plan
period are indicated in Fig B-7

6.3 INDUSTRIAL
The electrical energy consumption in industrial sector was 1675 MUs and 2892 MUs
during the year 2003-04 and 2010-11 respectively. The actual CAGR in industrial sector
(which including (LT & HT industries) was around 8.12%. The BESCOM authorities
during the discussion informed that no major core industries or special economic zones
are expected to come up with in the metropolitan area for the next 10 years other than IT
industries. Considerable growth is expected only in L.T industrial sector
Energy Consumption in MUs

dust es
5000.00
4000.00
3000.00
2000.00
1000.00
0.00

FY 11

FY 12

FY 13

FY 14

FY 15

FY 16

FY 17

FY 18

FY 19

FY 20

FY 21

FY 22

Industries 2892.27 3046.33 3160.06 3279.75 3405.75 3538.45 3678.25 3806.44 3931.21 4061.84 4198.65 4341.97

Fig B-8: Electric energy Consumption in Industrial Category


175

Energy consumption in industrial sector will be 3678 MUs and 4342 MUs by the end of
12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan respectively which is expected to increase at the
rate of 4.09% and 3.76% (Compounded Growth rate from the base year 2010-11) for the
12th and 13th plan period respectively. The envisaged pattern of growth of electrical
energy consumption for 12th and 13th plan period are indicated in Fig B-8


OTHERS (Public Lighting, PWW, Irrigation, Railways & Non Industrial)


Categories included in others are public lighting, public water works, irrigation,
railways .The electrical energy consumption in others was 244.3 MUs and 677.09 MUs
during the year 2003-04 and 2010-11 respectively. The actual CAGR in these sectors
was around 15%. Electrical Energy Consumption in these sectors will be 959.67 MUs
and 1418.27 MUs by the end of 12th (2016-17) and 13th (2021-22) plan period
respectively which is expected to increase at the rate of 5.99% and 6.95% (compounded
growth rate from the base year 2010-11) during the 12th and 13th plan period
respectively. The reason for rapid increase in Energy Consumption during the year 201920 due to the anticipated load for Metro Rail phase II. The actual pattern of electrical
energy consumption in these categories for the period from 2003-04 to 2010-11 and
projection for 12th and 13th plan period are indicated in Fig-B-9
Energy Consumption in MUs

6.4.1

1600.00
1400.00
1200.00
1000.00
800.00
600.00
400.00
200.00
0.00
Others

FY 11

FY 12

FY 13

FY 14

FY 15

FY 16

FY 17

677.09

705.89

763.29

810.46

859.03

909.89

959.68 1011.65 1061.68 1267.62 1344.34 1418.06

FY 18

FY 19

FY 20

FY 21

FY 22

Fig B-9: Electric energy Consumption in OTHERS Category


7 CONCLUSION
Bengaluru, capital of Karnataka state is a fast growing city with its population of about
8.47. Million as per 2011 census. The forecast of the city has been prepared by broadly
considering the various development plans which may takes place in future and its
impacts on different categories of Load for the 12th and 13th Plan Period. The
percentage share of utlisation of Energy consumption for different categories of Load
for the year 2021-22 are Domestic 34%, Commercial & Miscellaneous
36%,Industries 23% and Others 7%
The total Energy requirement for the Karnataka State as s whole for the year 2010 -11
was 50474 MUs ( as per 18th EPS), whereas BMAZs Energy Requirement is 11609
MUs which is 23% of States requirement. The total Energy requirement for the
Karnataka State as s whole for the year 2016 -17 is estimated as 78637 MUs ( as per
18th EPS), whereas BMAZs Energy Requirement is 16260 MUs which is 20% of

176

States requirement. The total Energy requirement for the Karnataka State as a whole
for the year 2021 -22 is estimated as 108012 MUs ( as per 18th EPS), whereas BMAZs
Energy Requirement is 21219 MUs which is 20% of States requirement.
The Peak Load for the Karnataka State as s whole for the year 2010 -11 was 8430 MW
( as per 18th EPS), whereas BMAZs Peak Load is 2002 MW which is 23.75% of
States Peak Load. The Peak Load for the Karnataka State as s whole for the year
2016 -17 is estimated as 13010 MW ( as per 18th EPS), whereas BMAZs Peak Load is
2805 MW which is 22% of States Peak Load. The Peak Load for the Karnataka State
as a whole for the year 2021 -22 is estimated as 18403 MW (as per 18th EPS), whereas
BMAZs Peak Load is 3717MW which is 20% of States Peak Load.
The T & D Loss percentage for the Karnataka State as a whole for the year 2010 -11
was 18.36% and estimated figures for 2016-17 and 2021-22 are 15.96% and 14.96%
respectively (as per 18th EPS), whereas BMAZs T & D Loss percentage for the year
2010-11 was 11.28% and estimated figures for the year 2016-17 and 2021-22 are
11.04% and 10.59% respectively. The estimates for T& D Losses have been made
after considering the various measures planned by BESCOM.
To achieve the growth of electricity demand and electricity consumption as projected in
the report, the state utilities and other concerned organizations would need to formulate
the matching action plan to implement the polices /programmes during the 12th plan
period.


177




Appendix-B

178

179

PatternofUtilisation
Category
Domestic
Comm.
Industries
Others
Total

2010-11
33.62
31.72
28.08
6.57
100.00

2011-12
33.52
32.11
27.90
6.47
100.00

2012-13
33.54
32.51
27.35
6.61
100.00

2013-14
33.59
32.94
26.84
6.63
100.00

2014-15
33.62
33.38
26.35
6.65
100.00

2015-16
33.65
33.82
25.88
6.65
100.00

EnergyConsumptioninMUs
ConsumptionCategories
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
3463
3660
3876
4104
4346
4602
Domestic
3267
3505
3756
4026
4315
4624
Commercial & Misc.
240
190
199
209
220
231
Public lighting
362
407
453
475
498
525
Public Water Works
52
40
38
37
35
34
Irrigation
690
768
822
880
941
1007
Industries LT
2202
2278
2338
2400
2464
2531
Industries HT
23
69
73
89
105
120
Railway traction
0
0
0
0
0
0
Bulk Supply
Total (Energy
10300
10917
11556
12220
12925
13674
Consumption)
1309
1382
1457
1535
1617
1704
T&D losses -MU
11.28
11.24
11.20
11.16
11.12
11.08
T&D losses -in %
12300
13013
13755
14542
15377
Energy Requirement - MU 11609
67.37
67.17
66.97
66.77
66.57
66.37
Annual Load Factor - %
2002
2090
2218
2352
2494
2645
Peak Load - MW

2016-17
33.85
34.63
24.90
6.62
100.00

15286
1879
10.95
17165
65.97
2970

14465
1795
11.04
16260
66.17
2805

2016-17
33.68
34.26
25.43
6.63
100.00

2017-18
5174
5293
253
577
31
1148
2659
150
0

2016-17
4872
4955
242
551
33
1078
2601
134
0

2017-18
33.99
34.98
24.43
6.60
100.00

16090
1960
10.86
18050
65.77
3133

2018-19
5468
5629
263
602
29
1216
2715
167
0

2018-19
33.80
35.02
23.76
7.42
100.00

17092
2063
10.77
19155
65.57
3335

2019-20
5778
5985
274
630
27
1289
2772
336
0

Bangaluru
18thELECTRICPOWERSURVEYFORECAST
SUMMARYOFELECTRICALENERGYCONSUMPTION,ENERGYREQUIREMENTANDPEAKLOAD
CATEGORYWISE&YEARWISE(Utilitiesonly)
(201011to202122)

2019-20
33.89
35.34
23.31
7.46
100.00

18010
2153
10.68
20163
65.37
3521

2020-21
6103
6364
285
656
26
1367
2832
378
0

AnnexureB1

2020-21
33.97
35.67
22.89
7.47
100.00

18972
2247
10.59
21219
65.17
3717

2021-22
6445
6767
296
680
24
1449
2893
418
0