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Basketball Basic Vocabulary

Campo de Juego o
Cancha: COURT
Canasta: HOOP
Botar: BOUNCE /
Pasar: PASS
Tirar: SHOOT
Lanzamiento: SHOT
Entrada: LAY UP


Lnea de 3 Puntos: 3
Fuera de Banda: OUT OF
Tiro Libre: FREE THROW
Lnea de Medio Campo:
Lnea de Fondo: BASELINE
Falta: FOUL

The game of basketball, as we know it today was
created by Dr. James Naismith in December 1891
in Springfield, Massachusetts to condition young
athletes during the winter. It consisted of peach
baskets and a soccer style ball. He published 13
rules for the new game. He divided his class of 18
into two teams of nine players each and set about
to teach them the basics of his new game. The
objective of the game was to throw the basketball
into the fruit baskets nailed to the lower railing of
the gym balcony. Every time a point was scored,
the game was halted so the janitor could bring out
a ladder and retrieve the ball. After a while, the
bottoms of the fruit baskets were removed. The
first public basketball game was played in
Springfield, Massachusetts, on March 11, 1892.

The Court

Free Throws

Side Line

Base Line

3 Point Line

FIBA: 6,75 meters to the hoop

NBA: 7,25 meters to the hoop

The Key / Paint

How a game is played?

Two teams of 5 players each try to score points by

tossing the ball into the opposing teams basket.
They may use only their hands to control the ball,
and are not allowed to run while holding it.
A field goal counts for 2 points, or 3 points if it is
thrown from outside the 3-point line.
A free throw is worth 1 point.
The team with possession of the ball must launch
an attack within the following time limits: After
taking possession of the ball, they have 8 seconds
to move the ball forward across the mid-court line,
and 24 seconds to take a shot at the basket.
A player must move the ball by dribbling, throwing,
or passing it within 5 seconds

Cmo se juega un partido?

Dos equipos de 5 jugadores cada uno intentan

anotar puntos lanzando la pelota en la canasta del
equipo contrario.
Pueden utilizar slo sus manos para controlar el
baln, y no se les permite correr con l.
Un canasta cuenta 2 puntos, o 3 puntos si se lanza
desde fuera de la lnea de 3 puntos.
El tiro libre vale 1 punto.
El equipo con la posesin de la pelota debe lanzar
un ataque despus de tomar posesin de la pelota.
Tienen 8 segundos para mover la pelota hacia
adelante a travs de la lnea de mitad de cancha, y
24 segundos para tirar a canasta canasta .
Un jugador debe pasar la pelota, lanzar o botar en 5
segundos desde que lo recibe



Shooting Skills


Dribbling Hand

Between the legs
Behind the back
Spin Off

Types of Shooting

Jump Shot: Used most frequently for mid- to longrange shots, including three-point attempts. Jump
straight up and use the basic shooting form.
Release the ball at the peak of your jump.

Free Throws Shot: Use the standard shooting form,

but dont jump. Same as the Jump Shot but without

Layup: Youll shoot layups from very close range

after dribbling to the basket, or taking a pass near
the hoop. Involves grasping the ball with two hands,
raising it in front of your face and banking it off the
backboard, which all occurs while youre in motion.

Dunk: The dunk is the basketballs most spectacular

shot and relies more on jumping ability than
shooting skill. If you can jump high enough, and
hands large enough to control the ball, leap, lift the
ball above the rim and push or throw it through the

Lay Ups
1. Dribble
2. Take two steps: Right - Left
or Left - Right, depending on
the side of the court youre in.

3. Extend your body

4. Release (shoot) the ball as
high as you can


Bend your knees

Dribble the ball hard

to the ground

Dribbling height
below your hip

Control the ball


Direct Pass: Chest

to Chest

Bouncing Pass

Behind the back

Between the legs