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Transport

Lecturer : Dr. Tantular Nurtono

presentation. Ali Altway. Ed. Prentice Hall. Wilson. SugengWinardi. Heat and Mass Transfer. Wicks. . Charles E. assignment. Christie John Geankoplis . 5th. Rorrer. Proses Perpindahan. Gregory L. 2012. and Robert E. Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles (Includes Unit Operations).4th. : James Welty. ITS Press. Fundamentals of Momentum. Heru Setyawan. Wiley. Ed. (2007). (2003).Course description 3 credits : 2 credits (tutorial) 1 credit (exercise) Duration Evaluations Reference : 1 session (100 minutes)/week : 1 session (100 minutes)/week : 16 weeks : quiz.

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Topics : concept of momentum transfer fluid statics description of a fluid in motion Conservation of Mass: Control-Volume Approach Newton’s Second Law of Motion: Control-Volume Approach Conservation of Energy: Control-Volume Approach Shear Stress in Laminar Flow Analysis of a Differential Fluid Element in Laminar Flow Differential Equations of Fluid Flow Inviscid Fluid Flow Dimensional Analysis and Similitude Viscous Flow Flow in Closed Conduits Fluid Machinery .Course description Aims : to obtain a basic understanding of the transport process of momentum transfer.

Course Schedule of 2014 Week Date Topic Reference 1 8/9 + 10/9 Introduction to momentum transfer Chapter 1 2 15/9 + 17/9 Fluid statics Chapter 2 3 22/9 + 24/9 Description of a fluid in motion Chapter 3 4 29/9 + 1/10 Conservation of Mass: Control-Volume Approach Chapter 4 5 6/10 + 8/10 Quiz 1 6 13/10 + 15/10 Newton’s Second Law of Motion: Control-Volume Approach Chapter 5 7 20/10 + 22/10 Conservation of Energy: Control-Volume Approach Chapter 6 8 27/10 + 29/10 Shear Stress in Laminar Flow Chapter 7 9 1/11 + 3/11 Analysis of a Differential Fluid Element in Laminar Flow Chapter 8 .

Course Schedule of 2014 Week Date 10 11 8/11 + 10/11 15/11 + 17/11 Differential Equations of Fluid Flow Inviscid Fluid Flow 12 22/11 + 24/11 Quiz 2 13 14 15 16 29/11 + 1/12 6/11 + 8/12 13/11 + 15/11 20/11 + 22/11 Dimensional Analysis and Similitude Viscous Flow Flow in Closed Conduits Fluid Machinery 17 Topic Evaluation and Result Reference Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Chapter 14 .

and bioe-ngineering. biological materials is overlapping more and more with the other processing-engineering fields of ceramic engineering. .Introduction The field of chemical engineering involved with physical and physical-chemical changes of inorganic and organic materials and. Momentum transfer in a fluid involves the study of the motion of fluids and the forces that produce these motions. process metallurgy. wastewater-treatment (civil) engineering. heat and mass transport and the separation processes are widely used in these processing fields. The principles of momentum. to some extent. etc. agricultural food engineering.

FLUIDS AND THE CONTINUUM A fluid is defined as a substance that deforms continuously under the action of a shear stress. PROPERTIES AT A POINT When a fluid is in motion. the quantities associated with the state and the motion of the fluid will vary from point to point. there can be no shear stresses. . An important consequence of this definition is that when a fluid is at rest. Both liquids and gases are fluids. Most engineering work is concerned with the macroscopic or bulk behavior of a fluid rather than with the microscopic or molecular behavior. In most cases it is convenient to think of a fluid as a continuous distribution of matter or a continuum.

The density. the density may vary greatly throughout the fluid. The density of a fluid is defined as the mass per unit volume. particularly in gases. Under flow conditions. at a particular point in the fluid is defined as ∆𝑚 𝜌 = lim ∆𝑉→𝛿𝑉 ∆𝑉 where m is the mass contained in a volume V. and V is the smallest volume surrounding the point for which statistical averages are meaningful. r. . Density at a Point.

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∆𝐹𝑛 ∆𝐹𝑠 𝜎𝑖𝑖 = lim ∆𝐴 𝜏𝑖𝑗 = lim ∆𝐴 ∆𝐴→𝛿𝐴 ∆𝐴→𝛿𝐴 . Stress at a Point. The force per unit area or stress at a point is defined as the limit of F/A as AA where A is the smallest area for which statistical averages are meaningful.2. The force F is resolved into components normal and parallel to the surface of the element. Consider the force F acting on an element A of the body shown in Figure 1.

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for example. gravity and electrostatic forces. surface forces. Body forces are those which act without physical contact. As a surface is required for the action of these forces they are called surface forces. . On the contrary. Forces acting on a fluid are divided into two general groups: body forces. pressure and frictional forces require physical contact for transmission.

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