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C C N A C H E AT S H E E T S

Part 1: IP Addressing
ADDRESS CLASSES

GENERAL DETAILS

+ Operates at L3 of the OSI Model

Class A

- 8 network bits, 24 host Bits
- First Bit is 0 (From 0 to 126)
- Subnet Mask is 255.0.0.0

+ Expressed in dotted decimal (X.X.X.X)

+ Each decimal represents one octet (0-255)

Class B
- 16 Network bits, 16 host bits
- First 2 bits are “10” (From 128-191)
- Subnet Mask is 255.255.0.0

+ IP Addresses have 2 parts – Network and Host Bits
+ A subnet mask is used to identify which bits are

Class C

network and which bits are host bits

+ A subnet mask is a binary toggle that is 1 for network

bits and 0 for host bits

- 24 Network Bits, 8 host Bits
- First 3 bits are 110 (From 192 – 223)
- Default Subnet Mask is 255.255.255.0

Class D (multicast)
- First 4 bits are 1110 (224-239)
- Used for 1 to Many communication

MORE SUBNETTING

FIXED LENGTH SUBNETTING

+ Subnet Masks can be represented in /n, where n is the

number of network bits.

Example: 192.168.1.0/24
To divide into 8 subnets, we convert 3 host bits

Class A = /8
Class B = /16
Class C = /24

New Subnet mask would have 3 more network bits.

+ Dividing a major classful IPv4 address into smaller parts.

New subnet mask is /27

+ Done by manipulating the host bits

First network would be 192.168.1.0/27 with 5 host bits (0
to 31)

+ Converting n host bits to Network bits would divide the

Next would be 192.168.1.32/27 with 5 host bits (32 to 63)

network into 2n parts.

+ First IP address in a subnet is the Network Address.
+ Last IP Address in a subnet is the Broadcast Address.
+ The addresses in the middle are assigned to hosts.

Remaining subnets would be 192.168.1.64/27 192.168.1.96/27,
192.168.1.128/24, 192.168.1.160/27, 192.168.1.192/27 and
192.168.1.224/27

Instead of having 1 /24, with 256 IP addresses we now
have 8 /27s with 32 IP addresses each. Nothing lost.

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PHONE: 1.877.290.9507 · EMAIL: info@intenseschool.com · INTENSESCHOOL.com

169.254.255 . you can design or reuse it as you want + Always start by dividing into 2 and then dividing further.0/22 4 /24 networks with 8 host bits each (256 addresses).0.168.0.0.255.C C N A C H E AT S H E E T S PRIVATE IP ADDRESSING + Addresses that are used internally VARIABLE LENGTH SUBNETTING + One classful network can be divided into multiple subnets of different sizes + Not routable on the internet + Free.255 CCNA QUAD CERTIFICATION BOOT CAMP CCNA R&S / CCENT / CCNA-SECURITY / CCDA Achieve 4 In-Demand Cisco Certs in 7+ Days Propreitary Courseware with Highest Pass Rate Expert Instruction from Authorized Cisco Instructors Includes Pre-Study Material. SUMMARIZATION / SUPERNETTING + Opposite of subnetting + Grouping multiple subnets into a bigger summary or supernet + Achieved by converting network bits into host bits + You can only summarize contiguous IP subnets + By converting n network bits into host bits.0.0.168.Used on a directly connected network .16 private subnets: .First 4 bits are 1111 . it can assign itself a link local addresss + Class E – IP range reserved for research .1.0/16 – 172.168.168. you summarize 2n networks into a larger supernet Example: 192.0/24 and 192.16.0.2.0.0/24 These addresses can be further subnetted into smaller ranges.0/8 + First & Last IP in the subnet are reserved for network & broadcast CLASS B Example: From a /16.0.1 Private Subnet .0.3.0/24 192.255 private Subnets .0/8 is localhost network .0.290.31. we can get 256 /24s or 2 /17s or 1 /17 and 128 /24s 4 /19s.0/24 can be summarized into 192.0/16 CLASS C .com · INTENSESCHOOL.255.192.254. gives us 1 /22 network with 10 host bits (1024 addresses) RESERVED ADDRESS + Loopback Address . + Defined in RFC 1918 + Class sizes can only be powers of 2 CLASS A .9507 · EMAIL: info@intenseschool.com .Used to refer to the host itself .1 to test if your TCP/IP stack is functioning properly + Link Local Address .0.255.127. + Different sizes based on different requirements. 6 /20s and 64 /24s .0.From 240.168.0.10. gives you practical hands-on experience Test In-Class and leverage short term memory benefits PHONE: 1.0/24.0.172.You can ping 127.168.255.0/24 – 192.0 to 255. arrive ready for the bootcamp Complex sims & labs.168. 192.If a system does not receive a DHCP address.0 – 169.877.