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{irgitiirll**;*- lr:n*rfi**lrt


My Homeis my Castle





the Mind



Earthis Dearer



to Bed...

p. 28


BetterSafethan Sorry

p. 34





YouAreWhatyou Eat



EveryManto hisTaste

p. 52

U N I T1 O

the News

p. 58



of Place






Begoingto, Future

p. 80


- euite- Rather
- pretty,Too- Enough

p. 88



p. 98





Say- Tell- Ask ...........






Type2 and3 Conditionals,


U N I T1 O

- Either



Matchthe character
to theirmeanings.
Usethemto makeup sentences
know asin the example.
l2Tl calm
l3Tl anxlous
lZTl talkative


a i sw i l l i n gt o t a k er i s k sa n dt r y n e wt h i n g s
b getsangryveryeasily
c worriesabouteverythrng
d rarelygetsstressed
or angty
e likesto chata lot
f i sa l w a y sh a p p ya n d i n a g o o dm o o d
g i s f u l lo f e n e r g y
h alwaysthinksof new ideas,artistic

a. ldentifythe roomsandthenput the objectsin
the rightrooms.Someobjectscanbe used
. sink . sofa. armchair
. bathtub. wardrobe
. cooker. basin. refrigerator
. coffeetable
o droc(inn t:hlo

o rr rnhn:rd

lSTl adventurous
16Tl creative
FTI aggressive
lETl cheerful

r hnnlzr:cp

o toilet dishwasher
. desk
. television
. chair. lamp. prcture. rug. kettle
r cabinet. fireplace
. four-poster

My auntisverydynamic.Sheisalwaysfullof energy.

Completethe sentences
by filling in the correct
word from the list.


. h a r s h. m o a t . a p p e a l. d r a u g h t. e x t e n s i o n
o airy . sculpture. barn . converted. convince

.-,r'-""'.' . -t
,t5f{?4:. r, :; ;, :!'..: ",


" t:1::

1 The artist made a beautiful
of an
2 Living in the countrysidedoesn't really
to me.
We needed more space, so we built an
to ournouse
4 Thewintersin Russia
5 Thisold factoryis being
into a
blockof flats
Thereis a terrible
u n d e rt h e d o o r
Most ancientcastleshad a
h e l pk e e po u t e n e m i e s
O u r f l a t h a s l a r g ew i n d o w s ,s o i t i s l i g h t a n d
T h ec h i l d r e d
n e c i d e tdo s l e e pi n t h e
whenthey stayedat theirgrandparents'
1 0 W e t r i e dt o
h e rt h a t s h es h o u l d
moveto a smallerflat


Match the itemswith the placewhere they are
stored,then makesentences,
as in the example.
sheetsand towels
d i r t yc l o t h e s
biscuits/sugar ,t'
milk ---

b . Usewordsfromthe listto describe


Milkisstoredin thefridge.


l i n e nc u p b o a r d

now thot l'm 2) raising two childrenof my own. B{iv#te. Aaire b j :w ! :' 'l 4 5 2 3 9 Matchthe wordsin columnA to the wordsin columnB. break down . lte heating money kitchen 1 Negative: House Aislocated in thecountrvside.huge 3 spacious 4) stopped he had to tow my cor to the . T h eh o u s et h a t i a n e l i v e si n h a s got a veryspaciouslivingroom . Lookat the pictures. but the mechanic 4 s m a l-l a u y. pairs. Thonks so much for your letter. to makesentences.tiny . bringsthout 2 Thisflat is verycheap 3 I d o n ' tt h i n kt h a t t h i sh o u s er s impractical 4 Thatsofais rathercomfortable 5 We livein a veryquiet area 6 T h a tb u i l d i n gl o o k sa n c i e n t . all byhimself. from mow 0are white Positive:fs#fffryside.isolated. .Well.f#ef Sdfs. AF+^. bringup . Well. I hope you're hoving a better week thon I om! j. I convenience.Replace the adjectives in boldwith theiropposites. asin the example.semi-detached We were halfwoyto the concertwhen my cor suddenly . 3 H e i sv e r ys t r o n g H ec a nt e a ra p h o n eb o o ki n h a l f with his 5 . {r! Love.expensive . B Positive:JcFi. the burglary.wemissedthe concertond when we gothome we found thot sorneonehod 5) entered by force ond stolenmyjewellery! The boyswere upsetthot they didnt see their heroes. What aspectof housing summers will never be the some again! The boys'school does eachset of words refer to? 3) finished for the summer holidoys/osr week.location. I'm reolly upset aboutmy sayabouteachhouse.Useyour ideas i Well.s e c u r -e c o m f o r t a b l e couldn't fix the problem.three-storey 2 terraced.thenusesomeof the phrases to complete the sentences. 8 Replace the phrases in boldwith the correctform of the phrasal verbsfromthe list. I called for help. In thinkof three but I told them thot I would buy them their new CD when positive andthreenegative thingswhichyoucould they 5) Put it on the morket.o v e r p r i c e. Crossout the odd word.economical . but I don't supposel'll everseeir ogoin.Thinkabout:cost. 6 bringback i i Deor 1 reasonable concert/ost weekendbut it endedin disoster. breakin .speci aI features. Heoring from you olwoys I) mokes me remember hoppy memoriesof the ''1 3 sun'lmerswe usedto spendtogether. Negative:is*l*ted.. Write ogoin soon.cosy. 11 jewellery.d s u b u r b s 5 village gorage.I hod the great ideo of taking them to see their fovourite bond in .c i t y.we fitted o u r h o u s ew i t h a 2 T o n yb u i l th i sh o u s e .

Lookat pictureB and in pairsact out a similar dialogue. r M a l l e tW .it is c l'm sorryto hearthat A Wheredo you think pictureA wastaken? B 1 ) .h i si sT o n yM a l l e t B : a H e l l oM . A Canyou describe the pictureto me? 2 B Yes I can see2) A How muchisthe rent? B : a No morethan f450 b Justtwo.Donot changethe meaning of the originalsentence.. thenmakesentences 12 Tickthecorrect usingthephrases. Lookat picture 1 1 Circlethe correctresponses. h a tc a nI d o f o r y o u ? b M r sJ e n k i nssp e a k i n g c T h i si s M r sJ e n k i n s 4 5 A GoodafternoonCanI helpyou? B : a I hopeso.then c l'll sendsomeoneto lookat it rightaway 6 A : H o w m u c ha r ey o uw i l l i n gt o s p e n d ? B : a N o ta t a l l . s o I c a n ' tg o s h o p p i n g It'< froozinn 6 10 in horo this week. . .. asintheexample. verylow to for from of tn suitable appeal suffer fear convtnce sb absent accu5e5D approve believe oeg party. 1 James hasdecided to starthisownbusiness up Jameshasdecided business Sallyhasa problemwith hayfevereverysummer from Sally . b That'sfine c N o ta t a l l A Whencanwe viewthe house? B : a How abouttomorrowat 1 o'clock? b l'll seeyou tomorrow. r sJ e n k i n sT.. including the wordsin bold. c lt'sf450 a month 3 A H e l l oM . everysummer A firestartedin the localmuseumlatelastnight out A fire l o c am l u s e u ml a t el a s tn i g h t T h a t s o n galwaysremindsme of my first holiday abroad back Thatsong .I am a little . 13 a. . my firstholidayabroad I thinkthis houseis reallyattractiveand interesting appeals T h i sh o u s er e a l l y me My gasand electricity don't costverymuch fuel My . 1 A: Excuse me. b Justtwo c No morethan f600 6 A : D o y o u l i k ew o r k i n gi n t h e g a r d e n ? B: 3) A: Haveyou got a big garden? B: 4) A: Do you llkelivingin a house/flat? B: 5) b. ls thisseatfree? B: a Yes. . .can I helpyou? b Yes. Thisdress isn'tsuitablefor a dinner Speaking A andcomplete thedialogue. Tho isn'tworking I can't believe this radio is broken It is Complete the sentences with two to fivewords. preposition.

To give busy parents a break in the morning. "Now I just want to be able to provide a place where other people's dreams can come true too. but it was fun as well.Atlantis dining room. What makes it stand out from all the other hotels in town. and in the evening. 3 There are certainly some amazing rooms to pick from. puppet shows and story-tellingmean that there is never a dull moment. Sparklesis the place for you. making the curtains. has been carefully chosento give it a fun and unique atmosphere. She says... painting the walls and restoring old furniture. England is a family hotel with a difference.. a large play is difficult to believe that just one year before it opened the hotel was a run-down building with a huge hole in the roof.\. especiallydesignedto be the perfect place for you to enjoy your fish and chips. All the rooms are stockedwith toys and books so your children won't get bored.a:q.:|:.. aptly named Mrs Sparkle... even if the English weather lets you down. the Chocolate room or even the African included in the package. z Mrs Sparklealwaysdreamt about living in a doll's house and she is very happy that she has been able to turn this fantasy into a reality. is that each room has its own individual theme. the Dinosaur den..r. she has no doubts that it was definitelv worth the effort. the Ruined Castle room.So if you want to give your children a holiday to remember or even to relive your own childhood dreams. the owner..'|.:. 14 1 In fact so much work has gone into making each of the sixteenrooms special.:. Sparkles has much more to offer its young visitors..?.most of which is organisedby Mrs Sparkleherself. After replacing the roof and planning a whole new interior.|:'..'|:e 0 r The SparklesHotel in Blackpool. the Barbie room. "It was really hard work redecorating each room..:'." she says.. there is the gameshour in the Sparkle'sden..:. E 5 Sparkleshotel offers a fantasyworld for the whole family to enjoy. A B i. began to totally transform the place. Every detail in every room of the hotel... D E 4 In addition to the fantastic guest rooms. There is the Cinderella lounse. In pairs.|.:q. Every time you book a room you can be sure that entertainment. which is designedto make you feel like you're deep in the jungle complete with toy monkeys and animal prints.." Now that the work is finished and each room has its own make believe theme.askandanswerquestions basedon the text... ffi*q*&s= Whtrntr*r*#€ryt% ''.|.. where c... Guests can choose to stay in the Teddy Bear's Picnic room. A: WhereisiheSparkles Hotel? B: InBlackpool Whattypeof hotel ? 7 . even the bathrooms.

Complete the dialogue with phrases . Youareat the museumand you want to go to the ParkHotel Youareat the chemist's and you want to go to the hospital.4 ) . . opposite/across from r . aVonthecorner.LOANAPPLI'CATI'OTI Listening 1 5 (p. .askfor andgivedirections for the followingsituations.l've that.A\ 5) " " ErnploYer'-:-^i^vment: ' Length . b. . in themiddle of theblock A: B: A: B: Excuse me. .Listento the interviewandfill in the application form. euer-oY|f$ion.takerolesandact out a similar dialogue. takethefirsVsecond o etcrighVleft between at thetrafficlights/stop sign/junction/roundabout .^llli*. . of nevr. go along/up/down . . What'syour name? JohnMichaels. s) )ccuP"". In pairs. . T h e n . a.'. turnrighVleft.i. ioi of loan: Amount Communication: Givinq Directions 16 fromthe list. Youareat the cinemaand vou want to qo to the Fronti6re cafe .eo9u" oT .\o lrr!tt". G i n o ' sP i z z a T h a n ky o u . into MillsStreetat the 3) qot Yes. M i l l sS t r e e ta n d t u r n l e f t a t 5 ) Y o u w i l l s e e t h e P a r k s i dree s t a u r a n t 6) l t ' s7 ) .) Youwill heara manapplying for a loan. PERSoNALPSAI::.T3. . . (ust)past .Thenask andanswelasin the example.Ltr'Y'- 5) SalarY: LOANDflAlLS '' l.* an: "r"r'.couldyou tell me how to get to the Parkside restaurant? Of course1) LongStreetand 2) . t. In pairs. on the lefVrig6l.. . . b. .

viewof the park. dlw and gas cooker. "l a. Readthe advertisements againand answerthe followingquestions.-. ci'iriinu. prof n/s pcm Contact London PropertyManagementLtd at 020 8378 2439 furnished fully Gas .a sc e n t r ahl e a t i n g . cooker.-. p/f f/f GCH s/c d/w tr {500 pcm. Lookat the followingabbreviations andfill in the blanks.Kitchenettehasfridge.Heating self-contained d ish mtcro machine professional SmoKer p e rc a l e n d a r tge b.washingmachine. Readthethreeadvertisements below... tr acres of Situated on 1'5 real .After6Pm227-3905 b . Mitcham. on the Internetor on notice ooaros Advertisments normallystartwith information suchas:For rent.closeto university and busto the town centre 2 bedroomflat f u l l yf u r n i s h e dg. I'{orthLondon. Lge ground lloor studio flat. .Usethe information belowandwritethreedifferent advertisements for:the Internet. Rewriteadvertisement A usingthe completed expressions above. Suit proJ nls. the classified sectionof yourlocalnewspaper andthe notice boardin youruniversity cafeteria..For sale...-.dishwasher f280 a month Rent: Special requirements:non-smoker Availability: April l st Contact: R o b e rJt o h n s o nt e..Lookat thestyleanddecide whereyouwouldfindthem. What is beingadvertised in eachcase? 2 Who is goingto readeachadvertisement? 3 lsthe styleusedformalor informal? 4 What informationdoesthe writer includein each advertisement? 18 a. Whirlpool 50 condition-t1 gooO useO. plf.. wfm.. spaciousliving area.5516 8 8 9 .-..n" *ott valuable 19 Yourflatmatehasjustmovedout andyou needto findsomeone to sharethe rent. slc with bathroom.Available immediately.Writing*n aCvertiserneni Advertisements can be found in a newspaper/magazine asclassified ads. l :0 1 8 6 5 .Wantedand end with a name and/or a telephonenumberfor contact A classified ad contains abbreviationsFull verb forms are not normallyused Sometimesthey can includea picture An lnternetad includesa detaileddescriptionlt is usuallycharacterised by full sentences and extensive useof adjectives to attract the reader'sattention lt can also includepicturesand music Advertisements for noticeboardsare rathershort a n di n c l u d e o n l yt h e m a i ni n f o r m a t i o n 17 modelAWG320hardly washer/dryer.u"rniir^ *" at 0207$8 rro Resort Interndional Large. Location: Type: Special features: 5610 For more intormatr. OntheInternet r Ina newsoaoer o Ona noticeboard For rent o.. Closeto bus routesand local shops. mfw.. Secuity systemand GCH.

3 Matchthe phrases to the peoplein the pictures. oval.. blond.. l . r e yh a i ra n da m o u s t a c h e ETI fnis personis a young adult with hazeleyes.+A *. freckle6o plump .a smallnoseand a square eyebrows. in hisearly/late o rosy teens/twenties . double. wide .a s q u a r ec h i n a n d a w i d e m o u t h H e h a s b r o w n eyesand medium-length wavybrownhair 10 . tall .-l ^^P r o L L r ) E V V r L Ir I I t U ) L ' d t t ) startwork at 4 am performon stage havebreakfast at 1 pm f i n i s hw o r k a t 1 p m startwork at 9 pm p r e p a r0 eo u g n h a v el u n c ha t 8 a m f i n i s hw o r k a t 3 a m get up late w r i t em u s i c aal r r a n g e m e n t s b a k eb r e a d [tTl ffris personis old with brown eyesand a wide n o s e H e h a ss h o r t g . long .. hrgh. fair . snub. short. overureight Vocabulary Matchthe descriptions to the people. Curlyr dark.h r r t t n n r : l m n n d . gingero medium. spiky. thick eyebrowsand full lips He hasan ovalface a n dv e r ys h o r td a r kh a i r l g T l r f i s p e r s o ni s a y o u n ga d u l tw i t h l o n gs t r a i g h t b l o n d eh a i r S h e h a s a l o n g f a c e w i t h a r c h e d greeneyes.i i While there's life.Write descriptions for the othertwo people.thenuse yourneighbours. then usethe phrases to talkabouttheirdailyroutines. Age: Height/Build: Hair: Face: Cheeks: Eyebrows: MrJones isin hislatethirties. muscular e.m .. g e ru p e a n y t u r no n t h e o v e n s ^"--+i-^. bushy. c hi n ETI fnis personis a youngadultwith an ovalface. broad-shouldered .e l o -q:yns ou d o pud e. a r r i il vdud rE u rrLrr h g t un P rau .there's hope Usethe adjectives to complete the tables.^. square. Heistallandwell-built with.. grey. themto describe .. thick.c hJ t. hooked.

i n f l u e n t i a. depressed o satrsfied Replacethe adjectivesin bold with their opposites... sinceheraccident 5 Underline thecorrect word.Fillin the correctwordfromthe listbelow. Therewas a faint smell of perfumein the air 5 That was the most tiresomeplav l've everseen 6 6 Hisfatherisa veryunimportantpersonin thistown.Explain howyou wouldfeelandwhy. of time 5 The wirescarriedthe currentro the socket 6 The young boy lost his as a resultof an accident 7 He the birth of his son at Somerset House 8 Sam livesin a flat near the centreof town 9 The of the train made the windowsshake 10 She has been having problems coping . close . yourbrother'ssonand daughter 9 Matchthe words/phrases. 3 Bellused. o .we had to learnpassages from Shakespeare 11 . 8 Lookat the situations below. authonty from intheclouds c h a l ka n dc h e e s e heart 1 You would neverknow they are twins Thevare He is Britain's eatingdisorders I heardthat Tomwas hisjob yesterday 4 Janeis a daydreamer Shealways When I was at school. excitedr irritated . visibleo basement .l s t r o n g . resume.l'd feel. 7 | like to spendmy holidayswith distant friends Howarethesepeoplerelatedto you? o yoUfmother's brother andsister . wasteo vibrations ' financially . ' Upset' angry.. h u g e .usingthe adjectives below.because . speechto teachdeaf muteshow to communicate 4 H e t h o u g h t t h a t t h e e x p e r i m e n tw a s a . 4 7 . registered . r e m a r k a b l e . shewasable to nercareer 2 The interviewwas by satellite a r o u n dt h e w o r l d . 3 A l e x a n d eG r r a h a mB e l lw a s a ( n ) o r d i n a r y 4 yourpursewasstolen yourfavourite auntisill yourparentsboughtyou a new car someoneyou know told everyone that you werea liar praisedyourwork a colleague you havebeenstuckin trafficfor an hour you didn't get the job you wanted lf mypursewasstolen.. exciting. yourfather'sbrother'ssonand daughter yourgrandmother's brotherand sister y o u rh u s b a n d m 'sother e louf mother'smotherand father . electrical 1 She was so sad/nervous/angryabout her interviewthat sheleft herpurseat home 2 Mum was depressed/miserable/furious when she sawwhat a messwe had madein the kitchen 3 He was delightful/excited/interested when he found out that his favouritebandwas cominqto town 4 5he is sucha(n)expressive/easy-going/delighted p e r s o nt h a t n o t h i n gs e e m st o a n n o yh e r 5 Everyone was annoyed/irritated/shocked by the soundof the explosion 1 Whenthe children wentto nursery. transmitted . wOrried . hearing . thenusethemto complete the sentences below. similar a a a 1 After the accidentI noticed there was a tiny scratchon the cardoor 2 Kathyand Henryhavedifferent tastesin music a a .

Inpairs.They didn'tuseto buyfrozenvegetables. 1 Shakespeare is calledone of the greatestwritersof a l lt i m e known Shakespeare of the greatestwritersof all time 2 H e h a dt o l o s ew e i g h tb e c a u soef h i sh e a l t h sake He hadto loseweight h i sh e a l t h 3 l t t o o k h i n a l o n gt i m et o g e t o v e rh i si l l n e s s from lt took him a longtime to h i si l l n e s s 4 Samdoesn'twant to playfootballany more interest Samhas . as in the example. 12 Circle 1 A l ' m a f r a i dI c a n ' t m a k e i t t o n i g h t . i md i d n ' tg e t t h e j o b B : a W o w ! T h a t ' sa m a z i n!g b O h n o ! T h a t ' sa s h a m e ! c He mustbe veryexcited Speaking lookatthepicture andcomplete the 13 4 A : l t ' sb a dn e w sl ' m a f r a i dJ. readbooks/ surfthe lnternet . Then.I h a v et o studyfor my test tomorrow B a T h a t ' sa s h a m e l l t w o n ' t b e t h e s a m e w r t h o u ty o u b Wow! That'sterrificl r 12 Yn r mrrct hp vorv ovrj{gl I 2 d y d r i v i n gt e s t ! A G u e sw s h a t ! | j u s tp a s s e m B a W h a ta s h a m e l b Y o um u s tb e t h r i l l e !d c That'stoo bad! l n H a v ey o u h e a r d ?S a l l yb r o k eh e rl e gs k l i n g B a O h n o . go to the theatre/ go to the cinema yearsago. dialogue.peopleusedto growtheirown A hundred vegetables. Lookat the pictureandactout a similar dialogue.Completethe sentences with two to five words. readthedialogue aloud. thecorrect response.h o w a w f u l l b That'sterrific! c S h em u s tb e r e a l l yp l e a s e d l A: Wheredo you think the picturewas taken? B : l t w a s1 ) What doesit show?Can you describe the picture to me? 2) A : H o wd o y o ut h i n kt h e y o u n gm a nf e e l s ? B : 3) Do you think a degreeis necessary to a successful career? 4) A : Are suchceremonies heldin vourcountrv? B : s) b. i n c l u d i n gt h e w o r d si n b o l d . . payin cash/ payby creditcard .D o n o t c h a n g et h e m e a n i n go f t h e o r i g i n asl e n t e n c e . o QroWtheirown vegetables / buy frozenvegetables r lravelby steamboat/ travelby plane . nAt \/ifUSeS ffOm Ihe lnlernet transmitted Manycomputer vi'uses tne Internet 1 1 What did peopleuseto do/did not useto do a hundredyearsago? Usethe promptsand make up sentences. footballanymore 5 f nmnrtprq.

: ''r..i. Readthearticleagainandsaywhyeachperson changed his/her lifestyle.::i. I got a job teaching Engtish in Spain. The pace of life was different.Theretsan (0)at the beginning. though.:. Thepeoplein the pictures havechanged their lifestyle. After a few months. Jean: Ever sinceI can remember. It never occurred to me that I could make a lMne at it until a friend of a friend askedme to make her wedding dressand offered to pay me. Most of all.. Readthearticle againandfor questions 1-11. so I packed my clothes. Finally. It was a decision which changedmy life.. Whatdo youthinktheyweredoing before?Readandcheckif yourguesses were correct._sloted everything else and headedfor the Mediterranean. I simply couldn't find the time.:.rI I'elt positive and content. It's been really hard wo1k.I've been here for three yearsnow..:':.:.:tt**L*r'*-). you have to give it a try. toe:. I've enjoyed making my own"'t". I'm happy to say that businessis booming: I now employ ten people and I'm about to open a secondbranch! C Ann: I used to work as a sales manager in a large department store. That meant I rarely spent any t i m e w i t h m y f a m i l y . I decided to follow my dream and that meant the job had to go.i:.rr*n*.Being under clear blue skiesand a trlazing sun gave me more ener$/ than I'd ever had befofe...poin!....T h e n . .... so it took a while to settle in.:''.Thespeakers maybe chosenmorethanonce. so I often made clothes for them as well. but I'm managing to sell enough storles and articles to pay the bills.'. Gardening had been a hobby of mine when I was younger but when I was working.1i1s1 novel:Lrfe just Could9ltbe bet!9il ' :.'. I'm fluent in Spanishand I have a tan all year round! Stewarh The most important lessonI've learnt in my life is that you have to take risks.". My kids were growing up fast and I felt I wasn't playing a large enough .i role in their lives. I didn't know whar to do. movedto a new area? t u r n e da h o b b yi n t oa b u s i n e s s ? t2-fl ITF r .. It was quite a good job. we sold our town house and moved to a cottage in the country. D Sally: When I finished universigr I decided to take a year off and work abroad. Suddenlymore ...r?.!..':.My friends were always commenting on my original designs.. eu"*#f*#V*{ ffi#. I ' l' I . even at home. but not very rewarding.:]-.where I was spending all my spare time at the fwing m4chine and my designs were bringing in more money than my job! I handed in my notice at 'work and rented a small shopwith a flat abovewhich I turned into my workshop. I knew that I didn't want to leave. Howdo youfeeltowards theirdecisions? 13 ..i.'"'3vs*:*ri'rYi*ir-'. I decided to settle there and sent for the rest of my belongings. So..ttt'.and more people started approachingme and asking me to rnake clothes for them. lrl-or. evenif rt means giving up the security of receiving a monthly pay cheque.: .r.eff}T A Bill: I was an accountantat a large accountingfirm in the city.. Now I have all the time in the world.*r-.I didn't speak a word of Spanish at first.-. choose fromthe speakers A-E.t l gaveup financialsecurityto work for FTl lf=--r----l rl I t h e i rd r e a m T hadto studyin orderto changecareer?| 6Tl re-lA-l irr b. wherq we have a small market' 14 Reading Whichspeake(s): a.much slower and more relaxed 'i i than in England.. Then my { sister suggestedthat I become a . If there is something you really want to do..:]]l]] life is more difficult.| c. It soon reached the . example nrofor YrrrLr ru r<rl n v rvavrso tr nera al lJoLs ut il il ftag) j FTI FI isplanning to expand theirbusiness?FT--l hadto learna newlanguage? rel--l isstartingto become successful? ftT_-l l.'. I just didn't havethe time..'9'. but with all my commitments. bu! I think it's safe to say that the whole family is much happier now that we've escapedfrom the hectic pace of citv life..:.o n e day it hit me that I was missing out on the truly important things in life..i.. ltherelq:a publisher interestgd in my'... I spent all my time glued to the computer screen.I knew I wanted to changemy career:the troublewas. I noticed the differencein climate and the way that aflectedmy personality..]:.**.I had alwayswanted to write. I knew that it was time to give up the rat race and get back to basics.v.

. .. Thankyou. A B C D E F A : GoodafternoonPlease. Nowusethe business cardsbelowto actout similar dialogues. .t'.Mr Barton C : 3) A : And TonyBarton. SpeakerFT-] speakert2l-1 SpeakerEl--l Consultant at Unitech It'sa pleasure to meetyou May I callyou Lisa? 4) Wonderful5o. now that we all know eachother. We usuallyuse pasttenseswhen we write a biography.we write the person'sname.-. sit down B: 1) A : Beforewe get down to business.Choose whichof thestatements A-Frefers to 1-5.f. let's talk about why we are here today Lisa. talking abouttheir 1$.1 . . . Complete aloud. 2) . . Readthe biography of a famousmusician put the paragraphs in the correctorder.this is Lisa EO*arOs.lIt Listening Communication: lntroductions the dialogue usingthe phrases 1 5 a. p e r h a pyso uw o u l dl i k et o s t a r tt h e b a l lr o l l i n g Yes. l'd liketo introduce TonvBarton.:vr*.v.There isoneextraletterthatyou eachspeaker donotneedto use. . Thisspeakerhasa business Thisspeaker earnsa highsalary Thisspeaker workslong hours Thisspeakerwearscostumes to work Thisspeakerhelpspeopleto loseweight Thisspeakeris not happywith theirjob speakerF-fl Speakertsr-l a biogr aphy Whenwe write a shortbiography of a person.''.we write about his/herfamily background. IPAC ComPuters Janet Shaw Design Consultant 1 7 Whichof the pointsbelowshouldbe includedin a shortbiography of a famousperson? Ontario' Cdada POBox 1921' Ottawa' (613)723141u Tei: (613)7281416 Fu: .Then.senio. do . -' NUTRICOM i Rachel Barker Nutritionlst ' zga2 t"l' (oz)oo3 Fax: (02)4632990 ' importantdates physical description peoplewho influenced his/herlife people how other felt abouthim/her f a m i l yb a c k g r o u n d favouritefoods achievements schooltimetable ----. fTC fnternational Stewen philips ^rvranagjrrg Djrecfo. . . o Please. ...readthe dialogue . .childhoodand educationIn the third paragraph.. rcil BZ 2436 18 and a. Qvou willhearfivepeople jobs.thankyou. Tony'sthe CEOof BartonEnterprises B : It'sgoodto meetyou at last.?v.we write abouthis/her: careerand achievements ln the conclusionwe write our c o m m e n tas n d f e e l i n gas b o u tt h e p e r s o na n d t h e i rw o r k .date of birth (anddeath)and why he/she is famousor important ln the secondparagraph.t?a:a/at?":'r:it'tr'/:?:!t"'t':tt'i'r't*)t': .r. Analysing a ModelText 6dvec Markefing Neil Mirchelt MarketineManager TeL (oil tSZZ4Z8 Fax.we divideit into four paragraphsIn the pairs. b. let me makethe introductionsLisaEdwards. fel: rax: (O9) (O9r 477 B2a]i 427 B2aO partner.' . Please callmeTony. below.

When he was 12 years old. D e a t hc.19 musician as well as a caring and generousman who was more interestedin making music than being a star.Ihe Hobbit andTheLordof theRings . bornin SouthAfrica . Dateof birth/death..the band changed its name to I The Beatles. words) 15 ..In 1958. o m m e n tas n d f e e l i n gasb o u th i m 20 I f Read therubric below. famousbooks.4 what ..F a m i l by a c k g r o u n d . -1"if."r.rtya*u*. You have been asked to write a biography of a famous writerfor the special i edition. * Tolkien's otherworksafter h i sf a t h e rd i e d o creatorof a magicalworld in TheHobbitand TheLord of theRings Jointhe sentences below. CenturyWriters. Making Com plex Sentences t : b .*.. joined the band too. :'rs) i l -:. studiedEnglishLanguage and Literature at Oxford University .) Wherewashelsheborn?'\Mhere did he/shtgrow up? Whercdid ht/shego to school? (Para 3) '\Mhatwerehis/herearlyjobs? What was his m a i nj o b ? W h a td i d h e a c h i e y e ? Conclusion (Para4) \Mhendid he/she die? How do yout'eelabout the person? b.'. John Ronald ReuelTolkien c 1892. t" the early 1960's.. 22 a.usingthe words in bold.-. B r a i n s t o r mil d ne gas 19 Readthe biographical information aboutTolkien and thenusetheinformation to complete thespidergram.1\q71y11411'y7.. The Quarrymen.e7. he met and became good friends with a boy called Paul McCartney who was a member of John Lennon's band.n._.L"r "J f Careerand achievements :& ':& |9.. c h i l d h o o ad n de d u c a t i o n '& George Harrison died of tr cancerat the age of 58.. a gifted guitar player. FI" was born in Liverpool. The Beatles disbandedbut Harrison's solo career was only lust beginning.1973 .19to answer the questions plan. j "di.. Their first single. sometimes combining his talents with other famous musicians. what he is famousfor Comments/feelings aboutthe person l 1 21 1 He was born in South Africa His family moved b a c kt o E n g l a n idn 18 9 6 (but) 2 Tolkienwent to Oxford UniversityHe studied E n g l i sLha n g u a gaen d L i t e r a t u r e (where) 3 He servedin the BritishArmy He worked on the OxfordEnglishDictionary (after) 4 He wrote manyshort stories He is most famous f or TheLordof theRings (although) .He also started his own record and movie companiesand was deeplyinvolved in charitywork.?r . ""\ . .dateof birth/death.:{*:.t.-.".r.l i lntroduction (Paral) Whoareyou goingtowritr about?Whenwas he/she bom?Whm did he/she die?Whatis he/she f amousJor? MainBody (Para 2. GeorgeHarrison was born in 1943and died in 2001..ta'nry:%a*.. Whocouldyouwrite about? Whatinformation willyouinclude? # A popularliterarymagazineis going to publisha $ specialedition of the magazine called Twentieth '{. He will alwaysbe remembered asa talented '''r''b"r"""'''":e:tv{'e"v'!'/.14. f a m i l ym o v e dt o E n g l a n idn 1 8 9 6 o !lew up in Birmingham .:_. 'Love Me Do' was a success and 'Beatlemania' was born.:i f e. Useyouranswers in Ex. publishedTheLordof theRings ++a b e t w e e n19 5 4 a n d 19 5 5 o son Christopher published .* tr*'. '. I He was the youngest member of a famous pop group called The Beatles. Writeyourbiography usingthe information (120-180 above. workedon the OxfordEnglish Dictionary o becamea professor at OxfordUniversity .George. . W h i c hp a r a g r a p hisn c l u d et h e f o l l o w i n g ? t : : i r he is famous for j t l ! C a r e ear n da c h i e v e m e n t s F a m i l by a c k g r o u nadn dc h i l d h o o d Name. In 1970. published firstbook TheHobbitin1937 .. George went on to releasemany songs.He was also well known for his sons writing and guitar playing. England where his father I worked as a bus driver. inthe .

Vocabulary the ldentifythe TravelBroadens t h eM i n d 2 snow-capped narrow unspoiled expenSrve ancLent handmade beaches shops r u rn s Irs souven mountarns SrreerS b.don't forget your so you will be ableto seethe a n i m a lm s o r ec l e a r l y Unfortunately we forgot our . . restored . i. thenmakeup asin the example. n a n n l o n a i l n ci nn iho 5 B e c a r e f u l !A l o t o f at night W e b o u g h ta n o l d r u n . sentences. award-winning . Lookat the pictures below..2ato the photographs.o. handmade . novels 2 W e b o u g h ta . a fridge. .. moors aspiring " .. 1 He is a celehritvhecausehe has written three .Matchthe items fromEx. wander 1 lf you take some with you when you go on holiday. .. so w e c o u l d n 'tta k ea n yh o l i d a sy n a p s 16 itlliiltilLt'r nrr uun. t h e a i r l i n ew i l l payyou compensation When you go to a nature reserve. 3 Complete the sentences with the correctwords fromthe listbelow. i t t o i t so r i g i n acl o n d i t i o n H es p e n d a s l l h i sf r e et i m e p r a c t i s i nt gh e p i a n o H e pianist i sa ( n ) Our caravanhasall the : a cooker..d o w nV i c t o r i a n h o u s ea n d . . Matchthe adjectives to the nouns. r u g a t t h e a r t sa n d craftsfair 3 K e e pa n e y e o n t h e c h i l d r e nD o n ' t l e t t h e m off fl:f:hnvo tha <hon 4 Weliveina. ..and evena microwave oven. conveniences . you won't get bittenby insects in the You shouldalwayskeepa carin caseof an emergency D o n ' te v e rg o s u n b a t h i nwg i t h o u t a n da g o o dp a i ro f When you travel abroad you must take your as identification l f t h e y l o s ey o u r .I a. self-contained ...thencomplete sentences.sf't+fE5ifl3fls It'sexciting to walkalongRome's narrowstreets.

1 | enjoy eating in expensiverestaurants.D o n o t c h a n g et h e m e a n i n go f t h e o r i g i n asl e n t e n c e . below .i t s h o u l db e m u c hc o o l e rw i t h s o m e c l o u d sl a t e ri n t h e d a y Temperatures are goingto remainabove freezing a l ld a y 5 On Saturday we canexpectit to be boilinghot 6 To summarise. thenmatchthe sentences to the meansof transportin the pictures below. buying expensive clothesand travelling firstclass finer I enjoy r nl i f e 2 We stayedin a hotel that was very closeto the 0eacn throw We stayedin a hotelthat was . exceptin caseof a(n) danger.I onlydrinkcoffee c Yes.' d l o v et o 2 !#* :. clear I n t h e m o r n i n g . heavy. Pleasemake sureyour seat belt is tied/fastened d u r i n gt a k e . freezingcold . warmer . wet . Readthe sentencesbelow and replacethe words in bold with their oppositesfrom the list.5ato talkaboutthe weatherin yourcountry.. l ' m n o t k e e n o n C h i n e s e food c T h a n k sl . from the beach 3 Therewere a lot of peoplewe wantedto inviteto o u rw e d d i n g extensive We had an for our wedding 4 | wantedto try all the localdishes I d i d n ' tw a n t t o a n yo f t h e l o c a dl i s h e s mtSs 5 6 8 5 T h i sc l a yp o t w a sm a d ei n t h e m i d d l ea q e s dates Thisclaypot t h e m i d d l ea g e s 17 .c a n ' tb u yt h et i c k e t sl ' m w o r k i n ga l l day b T h a tw o u l db e g r e a t ! c l ' m n o t s u r ei f I c a nm a k ei t l ' v eg o t t o b u y ticketsfor the theatre a ..1.o faf n d l a n d i n g b Don'tdrinkand drive/steer Do not pull cord.* A Haveyou got time for a coffee? B a I'd loveto. emergency D o n o t t a l k t o / l o o ka t t h e d r i v e w r h i l ev e h i c l e i si n motion e Thelifeboats/lifeguards areon the upperdeck f It is illegal/wrongnot to weara helmet b. but l'm just goingfor a coffee b No thanks. - *.4 Underline the correctword(s). 1 A: Wouldyou liketo cometo the cinemawith us tonight? B : a l ' m n o t s u r e i ' l l l e ty o u k n o wt o m o r r o w b l ' d r a t h e rn o t . 6 Circle thecorrect response.that'sa greatideaI 3 A : That new band is playingat The Palaisnext +4a: S a t u r d anyi g h t I w a sw o n d e r i n igf y o u ' dl i k et o go B : a T h a tw o u l db e g r e a t I l o v et h e b a l l e t l b I d o n ' t r e a l l yf e e l u p t o i t l ' m a b i t t i r e d today c l ' d r a t h e rn o t l ' m n o t k e e no n p o p m u s t c 5 4 A: There'sa reallygood play on at the theatre S h a lIl b u yt i c k e t s T B : a S o r r yI .n o r t h e r na r e a sw i l l e x p e r i e n c e c l o u d ys k i e sw i t h t e m p e r a t u r easr o u n d1 O ' C There may be some light showersin the early evenrn9 F u r t h esro u t h . it's goingto be a cool and dry day for mostof the country T h e r ew i l l b e s p e l l so f b r i g h ts u n s h i nteh r o u g h o u t theday Temperatures in exposedareaswill be about2"C 'l 2 3 4 7 Completethe sentences with two to five words. . dull . i n c l u d i n gt h e w o r d si n b o l d . =:. Usethe wordsfromEx. sheltered.

^". t- --.rr..:. Who would saythe following in a hotel:a maid (/14)? a guest(G)?the hotel (HM)? manager W o u l dy o u l i k em e t o m a k eu p y o u r room now? C o u l dI b o o ka d o u b l er o o mf o r n e x t Thursday? l ' m a f r a i db r e a k f a si st n ' ti n c l u d e idn theprice a S h a lIl c h a n g ey o u rt o w e l s ? o How do I dialroomservice? o W h a tt i m ed o e st h e r e s t a u r a notp e n ? ..t *?....... .a'ra \ ..:tzl?.'.-: .b_.-. Readthe articleagainandchoose the most suitableheading fromthe listA-l for each paragraph 1-7.and the temperature a constant30 degreesCelsius. The temperature of the water is kept at 28'C and the air is kent at 30"C.. Reading 10 a.::ll:ll:l?7**....... 1 In a resort complex called Seagaiayou will find the Ocean Dome. l l m y t r o u b l e s areforgotten washed All my troubles w h e nI h e a rm y c h i l d r e n laughing "' ' ''n:t:-....t.. and the water is salt free and chlorinated....It is roughly the size of six football fields and has an 85-metre shoreline.t tt%. 7 T h eh o t e li s i n t h e c e n t r apl a r to f L o n d o n heart Thehotelis London 8 8 Be sure to make full use of the hotel facilities d u r i n gy o u rs t a y advantageBesurethat you the hotelfacilities duringyourstay Readthe sentences..-...shakenand splashedwith water. Shehasbeenabsent fromworkfor fivedavs. There is plenty to do for the whole family in Seagaiaand.W h e nI h e a rm y c h i l d r e nl a u g h i n ga. 0 r Close your eyesand imagine the perfect beach. I hopeyou will havea verypleasant staywith us 9 Tickthe correctpreposition.palm trees and that's just the beginning.this beach really doesexist and it is on the island of Kyushu in southernJapan. Visitors pay an admissionfee at the entrance and are given colour coded barcode tags.. 4 b. which they use instead of cash.:)...But in the example..What do youthinkit is?Howdo the pictures relateto the title of the article? Readthe articleand checkyouranswers.among other things.There is a man-made volcano that erupts at regular intervals. There is also a beach carnival held every afternoon with dancers and musicians dressedin colourful Caribbean costumesand in the eveningthere is a spectacularshow put on by aquaticdancers. waterslides. you can visit the 'Lost World' rainforest. there's more: no risk of sunburn.. This type of holiday is wonderful for anyone who enjoys lying on the 'beach' or swimming in the 'sea' without havins to check the weather forecast ... I w i l l c a l ls o m e o n teo h e l py o uw i t h y o u rl u g g a g e . \... no sharks or jel\. The soft white sand is actually made of crushed marble chips.-.-...-... at regular intervals... This is a Jurassic Park style jungle full of artificial creaturesand holographicpirates...o...:r.t. Too good to be true? Not anymore..o. The Ocean Dome contains.. and..-_.. " _.then makesentences usingthe phrases.a wave pool and even a virtual reality raft ride where passengersare tossed. the world's largestartificial seabesidethe biggestindoor beach. of with about : . if you want a break from the beach... 2 The Dome has everythingyou would expectto find on a big tropical island: caves.a.-. example 1B L'llL'illlillLuutrruuuunmrrnxilrxrrnn!ilrnrxnil!ilnn!!n In Seagaiayou don't even have to carry any money with you. small islands.waterfalls.. no insects or bugs.Thereisoneextraheading you which do not needto use. which won't stick to your skin. from .:::. ..''"' blue sea.Thanks to modern technology and the miraclesof science. Thepictures showa newtypeof resort.:.Thereis an (0)at the beginning. the best surfing waves imaginable.. . Soft white sand.

Forquestions 1-5. boutiques and a wide variety of restaurantswith everythingfrom fine dining to fast food.""tt''tttt:7v"?t'{"'t'':'ttl:"|t::lttttr\:t":l You are in a hotelwhen you hearthis conversation between a man and the receptionist. they are cleaner.choose the best answer.. It is also quite ironic that the Ocean Dome was built only 300 metres away from the real ocean..Why didn't sheand her husbandenjoythemselves? A S o m e o nh e i t h e rh u s b a n d B H e rh u s b a n w d a si l l C Thefood wasterrible You are at the airport when you hear this conversationbetween a memberof staff and a passenger..we do Whereare theyfor? 19 .t?.a/7r.Strangelyenough. l ' v eo n l yg o t a t w e n t y . no island holiday is complete without hxury hotels. Matchcolumn A to columnB.can we really compare the experienceof sitting on an artificial beachwith man-madesandunder a fake sun to a day on a real beach? Where is the challenge in surfing manmade waves when you know exactly how big they are going to get and exactlywhen they are going to appear? More importantly. ' . the real beach is usually quite empty even on hot and sunny days becauseholidaymakersseem to prefer the safety. where is the fun in coming back from a seasideholiday without tan lines? llgYt:t. The Ocean Dome feels so real that visitors to the resort still use suntan lotion and wear sunhats even though the 'sunlight' is artificial and harmless.?&..:. What is the problem? B Excuse me Do y o us e l ls t a m p s ? O h . 'zt2lryt&71?t? courses and tennis courts.w e l ll w a n t t o s e n ds o m e ^^. A E] ffi lzl I Nowadays. please You'rewelcome Havea niceday H o w m a n yd o y o u need? No probleml'vegot plentyof change That'ssixteen dollarsfor youandten stamps Yes.. Why d i d t h e m a n m i s sh i st r a i n ? A T h ed e p a r t u rtei m e sh a db e e nc h a n g e d B Hiswatchwaswrong C Thestationwas verybusy 4 A Hisroomls not readyyet B The hotelis full C Thehotelhasdouble-booked hisroom Naturally. Ithink O h .thenin pairsact out thedialogue. There are even several theatres. The Dome itself actually has a roof that opens but it is only used when the weather outside is at the same temperature as the weather inside the dome.d o l l ab ri l l IET_I Thankyou very much ffi l5l m I a T h a t ' lbl e f o u rd o l l a r s . 5 You hear a woman describingher holidayto a friend..However.or C. safer and far more convenientthan real holidays. After all. Listento JoantellingPamabout her holiday.What doesshe complainabout? A Herhotelroom B Thebadweather C Thefood in the hotel C o m m u n i c a t iB on u . and Seagaiahas them all.+--"^lpu)Llot u) +^ LU England Letme see Ten. What is the woman'sproblem? A S h ec a u g h t h e w r o n gp l a n e B S h ec a n ' tf i n d h e rh a n d b a g C S h eh a si o s th e rl u g g a g e 3 You overheara man talking to his friend. A B.theme parks are springing up everywhereand it looks like virtual reality holidays are going to be the way of the future. comfort and predictabilityof the artificial beach.y i nSgt a m p s 12 a.Lrsientng 11 Youwill hearpeopletalkingin fivedifferent situations.

A Thepreparations take months B T h ef e s t i v awl a sf u n .tt u A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: What'sthe p r o b l e m ? It seemsto m et h a t 1 ) Wherearet h e yg o i n g ? They2) How arethey related? I t h i n kt h e y3 ) W h e r ed o y o ut h i n kt h e ya r e ? Somewhere 4) What time of the yearis it? It's5) How do you know? 6) What do you t h i n kt h e ya r eg o i n gt o d o ? B: Well. TopicSentences 14a Readthe articleand fill in the blankswith the correcttopic sentencefrom the list below.l l'':'" . America/ Five/ Two p o u n d s / A t ep no u n d note . Nowusethe promptsto actout similar dialogues.b. h e r ea n dw h e ni t i s h e l da n d what the celebration is for In the secondparagraphwe write about the preparations for the event ln the third paragraphwe describethe aciual event itself In the c o n c l u s i o nw .e n t e r t a i n i nagn de d u c a t i o n a l a T h eM i l w a u k e e N a t i v eA m e r i c a nI n d i a nF e s t i v ai sl t r u l ya n a m a z i n g event D The celebrations began at 4pm and there was plentyto seeand do .iE: '.tl.7) A A : W h a tw o u l dy o u d o i n a s i m i l asr i t u a t i o n ? B:8) 20 - When we write an articledescribing a festival. a c t i o n sa n d recommendations We usuallyusepresenttensesto write aboutsomethingthat happens everyyearor continues for some time and past tenses to describeour actual experiences at the event We useadjectives to makeour description moreinterestingWe can alsousethe passive when theu'out] -0":"::lf'l. Lookat the pictures andin pairsactout a similar dialogue. we usually writefour paragraphs I nt h e i n t r o d u c t i o n g e n e r ai ln f o r m a t i oanb o u t we include t h e e v e n ts u c ha si t s n a m e w . Lookat the picture thedialogue. . A u s t r a l i/aE i g h/t T h r e e pounds/Afiftypound note 5peaKrng 13 a. andcomplete Writing 4?. e w r i t e o u r i m p r e s s i o n rse.:'n"'. b.eventor celebration we attended.

I t. 17a for three days in September every year. MUSIC b. puttingthe verbs in boldin the passive. spicy. Whichparagraph fromthe planin Ex. costumes . handmade . Readthe articleagainandmakenotesfor each paragraph.Someadiectives canbe used morethanonce. lively. The VeniceCarnjvalis a(n)4) festival whichlastsfor ten daysin winter everyyear Peoplewear 5) m a s k sa n d p a r a d et h r o u g ht h e s t r e e t s Thereare lotsof 6) concerts a n db a l l st o a t t e n d Whattensesdoesthe writeruse?Whv? . Then. Complete the paragraphs with adjectives from Ex. spectacular o loud ' mouth-watering r 6.. I uirlt"O a traditional Indian village. is lois of 8) musicand the :i#3 people put on 9) . f edings.. culturalo delicious . in the week before the festival. It was also a great opportunity to sample some traditional native dishes. S A travelmagazine is goingto publish a special feature andhasaskedits readers to sendin articles f on festivals a festivalthey have attendedwhich is f describing important in theircountry. recomm endations? b. 'q& a(n)7) summerfestivalThere .14aasa model. Usethe adjectives in the listto definethe nounsthat follow. ! thousands gather in Milwaukee. It was a wonderful way to learn about Native I American culture and celebratethe end of summer. 18 a . where/when/ why it takesplace D Preparatlons for festival b. watched skilled I craftsmen carve totem poles. colourful. to celebrateIndian culture. annual Dance teamsfrom all over the country ! practise to compete in the tribal Pow Wow dancecontest. . local.Youcan usethe articlein Ex. Whatdid the writerthinkof the festival? How you do know?Underline the words/phrases whichshowthe writer'sopinion.Indian craftsmenwork to produce the many traditional items on display. .rr :L --. 21 .hold :'rl r %=. Pa r a g r a p Plha n n i n g 1 5 corn bread and buffalo burgers. . 16 Rewritethe followingparagraph. Writeyourarticlein 120-180 words.t ::: lntroduction (Paral) 'What is theJestivalcalled?Where/When/Why d o e si t t a k ep l a c e 2 Main Body (Para2) (Para3) 'What preparations take place? What actuallyhappensat thef estival? Conclusion (Para4) What areyour intpressions. USA. and even learned how to do tribal Indian dancing.Then.# wffiw ffi %. I was luclqi enough to attend the festival and experience it for myself.3tt.) and dancein the streetsand squaresof t a. Holland.15is it? festival food costumes Thepeopleof Rotterdam.17a.ul . The ChindoFestival is a(n) 1) festivalheldeveryyearin springThelocal peoplewear 2) costumesand performfolk dancesand musicTheyeat 3) Koreanfood and have a greattime b . Last year. the stalls are put up and the food is prepared. Paragraphs Para1 Para2 P a r a3 Para4 Information A Description of the actualevent B l m p r e s s i o an ns d r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s C Nameof festival. R e a dt h e r u b r i cb e l o wa n d t h e n a n s w e rt h e q u e s t i o n si n t h e p l a n . traditional . Matchthe paragraphs to the information.talkaboutthe Milwaukee NativeAmerican IndianFestival. so that eveq4hingwill be ready for the big day. Belowisthe planfor a festivaldescription. the city.

tl dilu KilrmanySeacteatures 7 Unfortunately. We must find alternativesourcesof power to avoida(n) d a m a g e so u r l a k e s r. . r sc a u s r nag risein oceanlevels 2 Aerosol sprays are helping f ^ d a < f r n r r t h o . drought r waterpollution c. Whichof the problems belowdo the headlines andoictures referto? raln \aVer warming . A % -qqrbd' q B acid g\oba\ fossr\ so\ar endanqered ener9Y o\\ ozone k4t f ue\s :rr' sP\\\) sPec\es crists po\!eI b. Solarbatteriescan captureand renew/storethe s u n ' se n e r g y Nuclearenergy/power stations are considered d a n g e r o ubsy m a n yp e o p l e 5o manypeopleareswitchingto organicfood that it isverydifficultfor the public/supply to meetthe demand/need We will soonrun out of fossilfuelsso we mustfind newer/alternative formsof energy Wind twirlings/turbinesdo not disturbcattle. .t h e p r i c eo f f u e l i s g o i n gt o g o u p / s k yh i g h . whaleshavebecomea(n) 6 8 W e a r e r u n n i n go u t o f h:va tn st:rt 2 22 rrsinn niher . .:. Matchthe headlines 3 usepublictransport moreoften polluting finecompanies theair reuse an0recycte stopproducing andusingCFC's develop cleanenergy cars userenewable sources of energy conserve energy at homeandat work Underline the correctword.1 t.-1':i'' !i1 il. .so wind farms provide good grazing/hunting grounds power plants/farmsmust take care Hydroelectric not to flood the neighbourhood/surrounding area lf we don't start usingreusable/renewable forms o f e n e r g ys o o n . .l !alj . airpollution . deforestation . .1. .... . i v e r sa n d forestsaswell as our buildings Energyfrom the sun can be used to produce p o l l u t eo u r s e a sa n d b e a c h e s ^^. Whichof the followingshouldwe do to fight airpollution? Canyouaddideasof yourown? a I .thenusethemto complete the sentences below. so cnr rrroq nf nnrnior (A-D)tothe pictures (1-4).i Earthis Dearer than Gold iri j'": :it i Vocabulary Matchthe wordsin A andB to formcompound nouns..

t . 4 A: Do you think you could be more careful T U I UT E1 B: a b c Of courseSorryaboutthat l ' v eh a de n o u g h I s h o u l dt h r n ks o .then makesentences usingthe phrases.^ . In pairs... Circlethe correctresponse. c R i g ht h e n A: Thankyou verymuch B : a W h yn o t ? b Alright c N o ta t a l l 6 Matchthe wordsin ColumnA to thosein Column B. useca[ everyday ' l e a v et h e l i g h t so n a l lt h e time putalltherubbish Weshouldn't in thesame bin. .^pay dsK nrsDossror a . Bob? B: a lf youreally wantto b I don'tthinkso Why? c Doyouthinkthat's a goodidea? 2 A C a nI t a l k t o y o uf o r a m o m e n tp.h e lhdo s e ' t a k ep u b l i ct r a n s p o r t u switchoff lightswhen leaving a room " p u t a l lr u b b i s hi n t h e sameilrn o l e a v es p r i n k l e o r sn a l ld a y . . . 5 Ann workedveryhardon the projectso sheshould get of the bonusmoney efi"{ut o separate and recycle rubbish o u s ea h a n d . A the lion's havebutterflies t a k et h e b u l l t a k em y h a t lose 1 J o h nd e c i d e tdo B off to i n h e rs t o m a c h neart share bythe horns and ^ .I supposeso 3 A : What'sthe matter? B : a l ' m f e du p Shewas gratefulto her teacherfor hisguidanceand pattence.4 in the example.(picture B) b.Weshould separate andrecycle it. A .r ^ .t o o A : H o wa b o u ts t a r t i n ga c l e a n . l e a s e ? B a That'stoo bad b N o ta t a l l c Yes. Whatcanwe do to becomemore environmentally aware?Usethe listof Dosand Don'tsIomakeup sentences.ucpa m p a i g n ? B : a l ' d l o v et o g o b That'snot a bad idea. flse I really Cathy She h a sm a d et h e g a r d e nl o o kb e a u t i f u l T h ee x p l o r e rdsi d n ' t evenwhen theirfood supplies ranout 4 Sarahwasso nervousthat she beforeher interview. b l'd loveto c That'stoo bad 23 . 5 7 Tickthe correctpreposition. 1 A: Areyoubusytonight. thenmatchthem to the pictures.thenusethe phrases to complete the sentences below.suggest otherwaysto helpthe environment.t .

you can read about the wayyou will be expectedto behave and dress.. Wherever you go and whatever you want to do. The last few years have also seen a huge increase in 'eco-tourism'. ..Don't stop at the guideboo( though.B.But how many of us think about the effect our holidays have on the placeswe visit? Although tourism has many benefits. Lookat thepictures. If you can. and this has meant that many remote destinationsare having to adjust to new visitors. if this doesn't sound like your idea of a holiday. Lookat the pictureandin pairs. If you are really committed to this idea.. busy/quiet healthy/unhealthy clean/dirty . If you are headingoff to a place for the first time. Many of us look forward to our summer holidays all year.This can saveyou from making embarrassingmistakes and means that you are less likely to upset or offend your hosts. c t o u t s i m i l a rd i a l o g u e as b o u tt h e b .3) W h yd o y o ut h i n ki h i si s h a p p e n i n g ? I t m i g h t4 ) W h a td o y o ut h i n kn e e d st o b e d o n e ? I t h i n k5 ) . though. Youaregoingto readan articleabouttourism. there are still ways to make sure that you have the best possibleimpact on your holiday destination. stressful/relaxing o nniqrr/noarofr rl o safe/dangerous TravelDiary G u i d eB o o k s Money o . listen to some music or . I n p a i r sa picturesbelow. .complete the dialogue.In recent years there has been a large increase in the number of independent travellers who want to get off the beaten track. I l l L :I L r t r r .As well aslearning about the local placesof interest. Speaking 9 visit new places.try new things.there are alsonegative effects. the culture and the people of a country. . . especially in places which aren't prepared for large numbers of holidayrnakers. Tourism can do all sorts of damage to the environment. or taking part in conservationprojects in Africa or the Amazon rainforest. It certainly isn't all bad news though.orjust to relax and lie in the sun. Picture Ashows a busytownwhereas . Don't worry. Reading Which you of these should 10 a. This is 17 tourism where holidaymakerstry to have a positive effect on the people and places that they visit. A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: W h a td o y o ut h i n kt h e p i c t u r es h o w s ? 1) Wheredo you 2) C e n t r aAl m e r i c a How doesthe picturemakeyou feel? Well. findout aboutbeforeyouvisita foreign countrv? Givereasons.Lookat the pictures andusethe promptsto compare andcontrast them.CorD.choose Forquestions the correctanswer A. A guidebookis a great placeto start. We can't wait to get awayfrom our everydaylives. (1-7)." "-"--"-. such as bringing extra money into the local economy.. then you can spend your holidays helping out on an organic farm in Britain. it is an excellentidea to find out as much about it as you can.

leave the environment undamaged and are aware of the different laws and attitudes in the placeswe visit.we shouldtry to supportthe localeconomy The writer'sattitude to eco-tourismis A hopeful B disappointing C interesting D supportive What was the writer'spurpose?How muchdo you agreewith his/herpoints? 25 .This is easyto do if you follow some common-senseadvice.we will havea moresatisfying holiday B l f w e v i s i t u n u s u a lp l a c e sw . stayingin locally owned accommodationand using . we should all do our bit to make sure that we are alwayswelcomewhereverwe go. Whenever you can. If resourceslike water or fuel are in short supply.r. Knowing a little about the place that you are visiting before r ou leave can make your holiday much more enjoyable . remote mountain or desert region. You can do this by . In some parts of the world. or a rainforest then you should try to leave it exactlyas you found it.hen you arrive. It is also important to think about how you spend your inoneywhen you are on holiday. so that future visitors can enjoy it just asyou did. If you are luclcyenough to risit a truly exotic destination such as a coral reef.If we try to encouragethe local economy. Eco-tourism organisations say that respecting the culture and environment of the places that you visit will lead to much more rewarding and enjoyableholidays. Even n placeswhere you are expectedto haggle or bargain. can 48 inake a big difference to somepeople. With more and more of us planning holidays in new locations should alwayspay a fair price for things.ocal guides. Remember that 'n'hatmight be a very small amount of money to you. e s h o u l dl e a v e themjust aswe foundthem C lf we havea holidayin a new place. and of course you should never buy products made from rare plants or endangeredanimals. then use as little of these as you can. try to :ut it into the local people's hands.Don't teave litter lying around and use biodegradable products rr'heneverpossible. Another important thing for the eco-touristis to have as iittle effect on the local environment as possible. then all of us can enjoy our 'eco-holidays' much better now and in the future.1 Tourismdoesthe most damagein countries A where there has been an increasein ecotouilsm B whicharen'treadyfor a lot of tourists C w h e r et h e r ea r e a l o t o f p e o p l et r a v e l l i n og n t h e i ro w n D which havea stronglocaleconomy Festiva ls History 2 W h a t i s m e a n tb y ' e c o .t o u r i s mi n' l i n e 1 7 ? A Helping o u t o n o r g a n i cf a r m s B Helpingto conserve the rainforests C Havinga positiveeffecton the environment D Helpingplacesto get usedto new visitors 3 What shouldyou do beforeyou take your ecoholidays? A B u ya g u i d e b o o k B Learnhow to dress C Findout aboutthe localattractions D L e a r na b o u ty o u rd e s t i n a t i o n Music n T r a d i t i o nD a li s h e s :ead some literafure from your chosen destination..ating and drinking local products rather than imported "rrands. 4 How can a tourist help the economy of a country? A Bargainfor everything they buy B Buy the goods and servicesprovidedby the r o c apr e o p l e C Paya fair pricefor everything D B u ye x p e n s i vi m e p o r t e db r a n d s W h a t i s m e a n tb y ' c a n m a k ea b i g d i f f e r e n c e to somepeople'in lines48 and 49? A Youcanchangetheirlives B Youcanhelpto preserve theirlocalenvironment C Youcan helpthem to havea betterlife D Youcanbe fair What do eco-touristorganisationssay about tourism? A lf we show consideration for the placeand people.we should makesurewe will be welcomethere D lf we visita foreigncountry. you might be :elatively well off compared to the local population.

Useeacheventonlyonce. When we write an informalletterof advice.readthe d i a l o g u ea l o u d . . B a No l'm veryworried b Yes she'soot a redonewith her nameand address on it Y e s S h e i l aB r o w n A n d m y t e l e p h o n en u m b e ri s 2296188 q Erm yes l'm afraidmy dog hasgonemissing e O h . A B C D E F Youcan planttrees Y o uc a nc l e a nu p a l o c a l a k e Youcanhelpcollectrubbish You can cycleeverywhere plant Youcanvisita recycling FI 13 r .* . . Matchthe exchanges.--_..1 ..Inthe mainbody(Paras I and give our reasonsWe write ! ! we make suggestions each suggestion in a separateparagraph. we writeour closingremarks. : i that we thinkwe canhelp. andsignoff..motorbike / wakesme up everymorning/ a problemwith engine/ get fixed S u s a /n n o i s e. Writinganinfcrmal ietter"of advice "+' : -?:ffi: .asa matterof fact lsanything thematter? A : H e l l o.Complaining Listening 11 i..-.___". i conclusion.There is oneeventwhichyoudo not needto use.browneyes/ browncollar... _ 1 .7You aboutfiveevents. ! i.decidewhicheventA-F istaking placeon eachday. John b.3). _. . please? B : S u r e 1) A: Well. 'Oh. a. r l i-:.white. let me makea noteof yourdetails.k i d s / c a n ' t think/ hearourselves s h o u t i n ga n ds c r e a m i n/ g t e l lb e q u i e t b .l've beenmeaningto speakto you aboutthe noisefrom yourhouse B: NoiseA ? r ew e b e i n gt o o l o u d ? A : W e l l .In the . A can I helpyou.. vonday ffi- lz | | tuesoay l3Tl wednesday FTI thursday FTI rriday Sorry to havebeena nuisance O h .i .t h a n ky o u T S h e ' sa L a b r a d o rS h e ' sg o t g o l d e nf u r a n d b i g brown eyes T h a n ky o u c Gary/ noise.For will hearinformation questions 1-5. .we usually t write four paragraphsIn the introductionwe express the problemor ! 1 sympathyand say that we understand 2 ..address and p n o n en u m o e r . was shewearinga collar? ETI can I haveyournameand telephoneplease? FTI oon't get upsetMrsBrown l'm surewe'llfind her [iTl ETl l3Tl FTI ETI Don'tworryaboutit Thanks.l a ms o r r y Youare. . ""_*.'\\'l''' .y e s 2 ) We'vebeenhavingtroublesleeping 3).actually. Nowusethe promptsto actout similar dialogues.then a.. a tabby.J o h nC o u l dI h a v ea q u i c kw o r d w i t h y o u . madam? ofr dear What kindof dog is it? I see Hassheevergonemissingbefore? t\ow. Fillin the gapswith the sentences in pairs.brownand blackg r e e ne y e s/ b l u ec o l l a -r n a m ea n d p h o n en u m b e r ^ z_o poodle. then in pairs. ldidn'trealise y o u c o u l dh e a ra n y t h i n g It's the musicyou play late at night that's the pro0rem. Now usethe promptsto act out similar dialogues. B: OK We'lltry to keepit down 4) You can learn how to be energyefficient Communication: R e p o rti nagmi ssi nagn i ma l 12 below.readthedialogue aloud.

. 1 7 a . Howore you?I'msonyI hoven'twrittenfor so longbut sinceI stortedmy new job I'vebeen very busyActuolly.14 a.=r=F Haveyou everthoughtof .Thatwayitwont your chew furniture or shoes. Readthe rubricbelow and then answerthe q u e s t i o n si n t h e p l a n .t:a Suggestion a checkclassified advertisements i : Reason contactan estate agent 15 Usethe expressions in the box to give advicein the followingsituations.pleasecall. etc YourJirst name b.We hovejustgot o puppyond I'm 1 What isthe styleof the letter?Why? 2 What arethe suggestions (andreasons) given? 3 What advicewouldvou oiveto Fiona? + l!:l b.Thenanswerthe to thecorrect reasons. I'dbuya toyboneforit.That way you can get a list of all the placesin the i areayou want at a priceyou can afford. That way.. o Yourfrrendhaslosthis/herwalleVpurse o Yourfriendwantsto go abroadfor the firsttime r Yourfriendlosthis/heroassoort '1 *i*: . .Readthe extractfrom the letter below.d lf I wereyou. Ifyou needanythingelse. Readthe letterof advice belowandunderline the correctverb. . For i example.14aasa model. Suggestions fjT-l Ouya toy bone for it l2Tl tate it for a longwalkeverymorningandevening [3Tl moveinto a housewith a garden School ETI take it to Dog Obedience Reasons I am so glad to hear that you 1) havi"t deciding to move to London. 16 Matchthesuggestions .then writea letterof advice to vourfriend. Readthe letter againand fill in the reasons. I would start by 4) checks/checkingthe : classified advertisementsin the London papers. Pleaselet me know how i thingsturn out.I'mwritingbecouseI need yourcdvice. I Another good idea is to contact an estate agent. / lf I wereyou A n o t h e rg o o di d e ai s / W h yd o n ' ty o u / T h e lntroduction Dear+ your friend's first name (Para1) What is the problem?Canyou help? MainBody (Para2) (Para3) What is your first suggestion? What is the reason? What is your secondsuggestion?'What is the reason? Conclusion (Para4) How canJou encourage your t'riend? Love/Good luck.makecomplete sentences. Useyouranswers to writeyourletter.Youcan usethe letterin Ex. 27 .the 'Daily Mail' and the 'EveningStandard'have :1argesectionswith housesand flats for rent. We'll be able to do thingstogether . Mandv r t*. I hope this 6) helps/ishelping. like we 2) would/usedto. asintheexample. a l e a v ey o u rp u p p yo u t s i d ed u r i n gt h e d a y b i t w o n ' t w a n t t o r u n a r o u n ds o m u c hd u r i n gt h e day c you won't haveto trainit yourself d it won't chewyourfurnitureor shoes 1. It'Il be great to have a friend . Love. . : GoldshmidtandHowland5) have/arehavingofficesall over i London. ' trom home living here. w gt Your friend hasjust written you a letter askingfor advice. In your letter you 3) asked/were ' askingme to giveyou someadviceaboutfinding a flat. ' If I were you. rvill be ableto seewhat is availablefor rent at the moment. here aresomesuggestions.

. LittleBillyissuffering shoulddo? b. Lookat the pictures. takeanaspirin . hurtsr pain r bruise. giveinjections .h e ' s u c ha person 2 S a l l yn e v e rc o m p l a i nasb o u ta n y t h i n g5. ambitious . to makeup sentences.Thenusethecompleted in Column phrases to talkaboutyourdailyroutine.Earlyto Bed a a Matchthe verbsin ColumnA to the words/ phrases B.. First. betakento thedoctor. easy-going . stayin bed o putd plaster on . impatient . 5 h e h a t e sw a i t i n g i n 8 J a n e tr s s o qu e u e s 7 Whatarethe followingusedfor?Usethe prompts asin the example. I usually wakeupat. listento chestr weigh .lwash 4 Fillin the correctword. h e i s v e r y Laura Max Steve person He goes out 3 Tom is a very with friendsalmosteveryday 4 Stevealwayslookson the bright side He is very fron (an)earache. . optimrstic .. person? each cdL do watch il tccL B my hair/myface my teeth tnebus to bed unch/dinner breakfasVl to work/school my friends TV/avideo my homework my.. .^ tdNc wash Vocabulary OTUSN aAt Whatisthe problemwith a. Whatdo youthinkeachperson prompts. taketemperature . aches. . sociable . . Scales areused toweigh with the correctwords Comolete the sentences fromthe list. sensitive . lf Billy's heshould 2 6 CarolgetsupsetveryeasilyI think she is a bit too G r e g w a n t s t o b e g e n e r a lm a n a g e ro f t h e man compano y n ed a y H e ' sa v e r y.. cheerful .. liedownandrest o putdn ice-pack on it gotanearache. injury was not 1 T h e d o c t o rs a i dt h a t J o h n ' s senou5 z I h i t m y h a n do n t h e d e s k l t r e a l l y 5 tn my chest I think I I havegot a shouldseea doctor 4 Sandra from hayfevereverysummer Haveyou got anytablets? 5 My head o n h i sk n e e 6 A n d r e wh a da b i g p u r p l e afterhe fell off hisbike . suffers. A go a +-1. reliable 1 W e n d yi s a l w a y s m i l i n gs.-^t ^)Ldtc) stethoscope syrnge 28 5 YoucantrustTonyto do anythingHe is extremely ourselves. the Choose from o takento thedoctor.

6 Readthe sentences andmatchthemwith the pictures. A: Thisnew dietisamazing. watchdocumentaries about e n d a n g e r eadn i m a l s Slmonwas latefor work because therewasa train S I TK IE account S i m o nw a sl a t e a t r a i ns t r i k e A n n l i k e sc h o c o l a tae l o t fond Ann chocolate He did not intendto leavebeforehe finishedthe report intention He beforehe finishedthe report Y o us h o u l ds t o ps m o k i n g give You smoKrng S t a nd i d n ' td o w h a t h e h a dp r o m i s eido d o went Stan word 29 .including thewordin bold. 5 A : I'vedecidedto stop drinkingcoffee B : a Haveyou?Why? b O hn o l c D i dy o u ?T h a t ' sg r e a t thingsgrow . I ate my lunchtoo fastand now l'vegot a stomach ache indigestion l'm 7 Circlethe correctresponse. l'velost5 kilosalready B : a T h a t ' sg r e a t ! b Are you? c That'snot fairl 2 A I t h i n k l ' m c o m i n gd o w nw i t h t h e f l u B : a T h a ts o u n d si n t e r e s t i n g b c Really? Haveyou got a temperature? I d o n ' tk n o ww h a tt o d o l 3 A : I would loveto livein Alaska B : a R e a l l yW ? hy? b I d o n ' tu n d e r s t a n! d c That'sgood 4 A: You misseda greatpartylastnight B : a W h a t m a k e sy o ut h i n kt h a t ? b W h a t h a p p e n ende x t ? c R e a l l yT?e l m l e a l la b o u ti t because I ate my lunchtoo fast A c c i d e n tj su s t s e e mt o h a p p e nt o h i m .s o l ' m n o t s u r p r i s ehde ' si n h o s p i t a l prone He'sreally . so l ' m n o t s u r p r i s ehde ' si n h o s p i t a l W a t c h i n g d o c u m e n t a r i e sa b o u t e n d a n g e r e d animalsalwaysmakesme feeisad depressed I always .f o r g e ti t ! b R e a l l y ?l s h e h a v i n ga p a r t y ? c W h y d o n ' ty o u a s kh i sw i f e ? 8 8 A l ' v ej u s tb o u g h ta n e w c a r B : a I don't believe it! | thoughtyouwerebrokel b That'sa completewasteof timel c R e a l l yW ? o u l dy o u l i k et h a t ? o n. Thebosswantsto seeyou in hisoffice B : a Thatsoundsinteresting b lt'sa completewasteof time c O h n o ! W h a td i d I d o ? Complete the sentences belowwith two to five words. f tTl t lovewatching ETI t feelgreatwhenl'mouton thewater [:Tl t buyallthe latestbestsellers lZT--]cettingout intonatureisveryrelaxing catchanythingl [5T_-]I rarely ETI t lovetryingnewrecipes 6 A O h n o ! T h ep h o t o c o p i ei sr b r o k e na g a i n ! B a I d o n ' tb e l i e v iet l b l t ' ss o u n f a i r ! c W h a td i d I d o ? 7 A : We don't know what to get Ben for his birthday B : a O h .Donotchange the meaning of theoriginal sentence. Thenguessthe hobbies. .

muscle nose travel heart splitting sore high food SICKneSS parn h^-. Lookat the picture. . . aftereatingthat seafood M a r t i nw a s h i t i n t h e f a c eb y a t e n n i sb a l l L u c k i l y h e w a s n ' ts e r i o u s h l yu r t b u t h e h a da s l i g h t 7 8 | didn'tgo to work yesterday because I hada really . . Readthe articleagain.. b.1.Stevewas suffering from i n h i sl o w e rb a c k Zoehad a reallybad caseof . Lookat the pictureandcomplete the dialogue. actout similar dialogues pictures below.Seven sentences have beenremoved fromthe article.Thereisonesentence whichyoudo (0)at the not needto use..Thereisan example beginning.1.thencomplete the sentences.. In pairs.9 B: A : H a v ev o u e v e re x o e r i e n c eads i m i l asr i t u a t i o n ? B : 4) A : W h a td i d y o u d o ? B : ). )peaKrng '!0 a.-^--^ th roat temperalure He was very worried about taking the ferry to Francebecause he alwavssuffersfrom o n b o a t sa n dp l a n e s 2 Thedoctorsaidmv dadwas at riskof s o h e s h o u l de a t a healthierdiet and get moreexercise You havegot a very Youshouldstayin bedtoday After overdoingit at the gym.-h^ I tcouoLt tc porsonrng bleed for the b..Choose from the sentences A-l the onewhichbestfitseach gap 1-7. Reading 11 A: B: A: B: A: 30 W h e r e ' tsh e w o m a n ? S h es e e m s1 ) What'swrongwith her? I ' m n o t s u r e S h ec o u l d2 ) What advicewouldyou giveher? a. Wheredo youthinkthe youngboyis?Whatiswrongwith him?Read the articleto findout. and had lostmy voice Fredwants us to turn the musicdown because he'sgota . Matchthe following. . .

never listened to music and never heard the sound of birds singing rr the laughter of his Becausehe was so young.-. it was a The electrodeswould send F-[l -rng time before a specialistwould electric signals to his brain... E--T---t . T.rb..rlr rtore tests. Sandraknewthat the problemwas more s e r i o utsh a nt h a t T i m o t h yi so n l ya b l et o c o m m u n i c a tbey u s i n gs i g n language Threemonthsbeforehis thrrd birthday.." However.t t . Sandra put ieaf.S a n d r a ..l 6 | lHeisalsoarrending the local nursery school where he likes nothing more than to make as much noise as possible as he plays with his friends.Unfortunately. T i m o t h-y i-s n" o'w e n j o y i n ga l i t e f u l l o f s o u n d . even Sandra had not imagined that Timothy's condition could be as seriousas it was. The doctors carried out hearing tests .-' H e i sd r i v i n g m e m a dw i r h |7 | | the noise he makes.:.with electrodes connected to the nervesin hisears i Answerthe questions. Sandratook Timothy to the hospital :nd explained why she was worried.he didn't :eem to know I was there. Timothy played with toys in the doctor's surgery while a speech therapist played different sounds and checked his reactions. Finally.she cried tearsof happiness. ." . but it took almost two years before the doctors would agreewith me.. "Hello Timothy..hen she told them that her son was serious risk involved. the doctors decidedthat Timothy should be given the implant as soon as possible." she says." saysSandra. he was playing with the other children on the ward and I knew he was going to be fine! I couldn't wait to find out whether or not the operation had been successful. "Doctors often think that Timothy's name on the waiting list for nothers worry too much about their F ''t""7t '.. | knew | "{ ? -hat something was wrong with her babyson.. 1 W h e r ec o u l dy o u r e a ds u c ha n a r t i c l e ? 2 What do you thinkthe writer'spurposewas? 3 C a ny o us u g g e sat n a l t e r n a t i vt ei t l ef o r t h e a r t i c l e ? 31 I .:. when he was almost would allow him to hear them as 'ti a::: ... i l e D a c K \ ^ al rr d .. the greatestgift of all is to hear my son talking and to know that he can hear me when I soeak to him.?!.'." Iaughs Sandra.| | A t l a s t "s o m e o n eb e l i e v e dh e r After checking that there was no '.oice. which ." and he Iooked into her eyes.- The moment of truth came on Timothy's third birthday. .| .rJein a silent chance of overcoming his deafness.:"t"t':"t9ttk7s... ---r--r ..r Manchester where the staff had -'t: to hear perfectly. "and that's something I never imagined I would complain about! For me.becausehe did not have the :ame reactions as other babies. Timothy celebrated his fourth birthday last week. "I knew I was dght about Tim.r&--4. he had never heard his mother's -.--r----r Ir | | D o c l o r st o l d S a n d r at h a t there was no chancethat his hearing would ever improve.but it would be the :1enty of experiencein dealing with only way for him to ever have a :. Sandrawas shockedto learn that the Sandra insisted that the hospital only hope for Timothy was to have a ihould send Timothy to a specialist bionic implant.:.. l. "If I iidn't look into Tim's eyes.o years old.. children and that they always think the worst.. when the doctors switchedon the implant for the very first time.he went i n t o h o s p i t atl o h a v et h e o p e r a t i o nt h a t w o u l d c h a n g eh i sl i f e H Timothywas borndeaf I T h i sw o u l d m e a n h a v i n ga n o p e r a t i o nt o p u t a specralreceiver in Timothy'shead.H i s m o t h e r .. "but only hours after he came out of theatre." she smiles. When Sandra said. " He has alreadylearntseveralwords and phrases w h i c ha l l o wh i mt o c o m m u n i c a w t ei t h h i sm o t h e r H i s p r e s e n t si n c l u d e d a v a r i e t y o f m u s i c a l i n s t r u m e nw t sh i c hh e l o v e st o p l a yw i t h Sandrawas relievedto find peoplewho would l i s t e nt o h e r D A full examination s h o w e d t h a t T i m o t h yw a s completely deaf However.. Timothy and his sounds.--f. I was very worried.:u." Cut Loud Timothy Stevenshas lived most of his . .. nother went to a children's hospital The implant would not allow Timothy . \l'hen he was eight months old.nnates. "I have to admit.'.'.af children.. him.nd decided that Timothy must be a _ ' . Until sir months ago...

t^9 and let p a L tLtr a we'd you f a r love know the to your party g'€ot r'm-. .Forquestions1-7. please What's Please letusknowif youdecide to cancel Bookmein forWednesday l'd liketo makeanappointment :r u :\ Lookat the pieces of writing1-3. thereisnextMondayat noon Patient:fhesoonerthe better. . .. ^ a V tc it if details n ! i r | r h r rt u.d y you could later.. we took in an one of you and t .| ov month come. ##'. . €'. o Dr Barret/ Tuesday 4pm .Whichis a) a memo?b) an e-mail? c) a note? 14 .nextFriday 9am ./ drnnef S \\ t\e ove\ /dont forgetto feed cat . / ot c\ner\avrt\ dackre. . Dr Sandford / Thursday 2pm. 4'1're 1 T h e r ea r er o b o ts u r g e o nisn a l l h o s p i t a l s 2 Doctorsoperateby remotecontrol 3 C o m p u t e rcsa r r yo u Lv e r yo ' e c i s e movements 4 Therobotslook likecranes 5 A camera t a k e sp h o t o g r a p hosf t h e patient 6 7 R o b o t cs a r r yo u t a l l k i n d so f o p e r a t i o n s Doctorswill haveto learnmanynew r nIn g s Whenwe write a note we usuallyusea veryinformalstyle and write in very short or incompletesentencesWe do not alwaysuse definiteor indefinrtearticlesWhen we write an e-mailwe usethe form of a letter We usuallyuse an informalstylein personal e-mailsand a formalstylefor b u s i n e ses. .42 KnowleAvenue Receptionist: Right Seeyou on Wednesday. yournameandadoress.l e a s e Receptionist:Wednesday at 10amisthe firstappointment available Otherwise.- next .mark the sentencesas f (true)or F(false).1. Analysing M odelTexts a p p o rn l me n t 1 3 a.. I'11 Take Receptionist: Hello CentralClinic Can I he p you? Patient:Yes.' S err: ntbit'i Dear Sally.rp*rr*:* inr$. .please2) i f t h i si sp o s s i b l e Receptionist:3) Patient: MaggieSmith. L l.factualstyle C o m m u n i c a t i volna:k i nagn .12 lictoninn Writing You are going to listento a radiointerview about robot surgeons. care. Fillin the missing thenin pairs. read thedialogue aloud. "' e Ta.m a i l sW e u s u a l luy s em e m o si n c o m p a n i easn d officesto passon informationto employeesWe use a formal.:1. .i# i*gdrezibti?t Sw*ttayt*si1 )."Stiqnt*t . v v .nie"t-. Thanks for inviting us loS ueeke'o. we boll. There's a great Jim in front of the pool. .tacl o I'm including the photos attactment. phrases..nextWednesday 1l am 32 .backb5 11rtr . Now usethe promptsto act out similardialogues.-.j$.. Sharon V) $ill llt. . at 1Oam 4) the appointment Patient: I will Thankyou verymuch b.1) to see D r E v a n sp.

chatty b. allmvcta.who is on holiday. ICB To: From: Date: Subject: All Employees Arthur Jones. Mr Jaoobg :!: Thecompanywhereyou work is havinga retirement of the company.!":ee+4t*iir: .14. 2. 33 . Matchthestyleof writingto thepieces writingin Ex. A incomplete sentences. Style of 1 5 a. We appreciateyour co-operation in this matter. o This number is to be used for emergencies only.. Read below. Also. date and locationof the partyand tellingthem that food and drinkswill be served. you can be reached through the main switchboardon 726742I. informthem that they can make a small contributionto the Vice President'sretirement present andthattheyshouldgivethe moneyto you or yoursecretary. formal C informal..17a.tmeehng-on Mondal1am o . t tellDeyt ugre about budSr. o Writea noteto yoursecretary. o If you need to be contacted while at work. andlet him/herknowaboutthe party. Use of mobile phones in the office o Please be advised that all employees with mobile phones are required to keep them turned off during working hours.ltendandbe onfime ooffee anddouglnvt9eewed fhanks. l ' m g o i n gt o t h e c i n e m aw i t h S h e i l aI b o r r o w e d your redscarf l'veleft the carkeysin the firstdrawerof your d e s ki n c a s ey o u n e e dt h e m J a m e sc a l l e dH e s a i dh e m i g h t c o m e b y H e ' l lc a l l b a c kl a t e r l f y o u ' r eh u n g r y there are chickensandwiches in the fridge I won't be late. Discuss & Write tr therubric andanswer thequestions 17 a. Mise7hi7ys. thefollowing ina noteform.noteande-mailusingthe information in Ex. tellinghim/herthat you'rein a meetingand reminding him/herto call the catering company andarrange a meetingwith themfor the nextdayat 11am. Readthe note to the secretaryand rewrite it in the styleof an officememo.aswellasyourown ideas.. o Write an e-mailto your superviso. .Youhavebeenput in : chargeof organising the party.t& ::::=ffiryir. i partyfor the VicePresident Theparty will be heldat the RoyalHotel. Write a memo to all staffmembers informing them " of the time. 16 Rewrite $ D e a rP a t r i c i a . asst mgr 15 February.around10 o'clockat the latest LCUIO 1 Whoareyouwriting to? 2 Whatstylewillyouusefor eachpieceof writing? Whv? Whatinformation willyouneedto include in each piece of writing? Writethe memo. veryinformal B informationgivenin an officeor business setting.

privacy it A : I t h i n k l ' l l s t a yu p a n d w a t c h t h e e n d o f t h i s film all the B: OK Don't forget to lightsbeforeyou go to bed 5 A: Hurry up We're supposedto be there at 7 o'clock! B : O K J u s tg i v em e a m t n u t et o 34 the lnternet moneyfor the safereturnof the 8 Theydemanded twochildren usingthe wordsbelow.we were horrifiedto find the window brokenand all our valuables tolen the policetake your 1 When you get arrested. asin the example.shutter.s p o u t. t u r nd o w n . 1 cooker: oven.a e r i a l 5 kettle: . p l u gi n . 4 and identifythe type of crime Readthe sentences in the example.c o r d.your bankaccountis updated .h a n d l e.Then. keep them on file .l'll fui'rit d*n'r 2 4 r satellite . t u r no f f . and 2 3 f 2 O 0f o r p a r k i n gi l l e g a l l y H ew a s lawand I t i s a p o l i c e m a nj 'osb t o order 4 Someoeonlethinkthat hiddencameras invade our 5 Whenyou usean ATM. Complete the sentences A : D i dy o u h e a ra b o u tt h e h i j a c k i n g ? the radio B: No Let's 3 A: Why isn'tthe toasterworking? B : O h .ringson topandknobsthatare usedto controltemperature.asin the example.rlngs.jd{ .A A blenderis usedto blend/mixfood. described.cover.screens 6 refrioerator:door.s i l l ym e ! | f o r g o tt o Whenwe got home.Better Safe thanSorcy A : I r e a l l yl i k et h a t s o n g l B : 5 od o I l ' l l theradio A: l'veneveruseda laptopcomputerbefore the same B : O h . preserve o automatically . l o g o f f 1 A: I can'tconcentrateTheTV istoo loud B: All right.femotecontfolmorqtr.Whichof thesedo you have in yourkitchen? Whatdo you useeachof the objectsfor? A cookerhasgotan oven.knobs.use wordsto makeup sentences the remaining describing eachobject. i t ' s e a s yJ u s t way you do with your regularPC 3 Vocabulary Crossout the oddword(s)in eachgroup. proof . 2 Usethe phrasalverbsto completethe exchanges. fingerprints . t u r n u p . fined .tray 4 camera: l i d.shelves 7 blender: switch lid blades light 7 rnmnrrtar Lookat the pictures.t e m p e r a t u rceo n t r o-l 3 iron: door lens.drawers . as 1 S h e c o p i e ds o m e o n ee l s e ' ss i g n a t u r eo n t o t h e cheque {{*rqeryJ T h e a r m e dm e n s t o r m e di n t o t h e b a n ka n d t r i e d to steala largeamountof money The customsofficer calledthe police after he f o u n d a b a g o f d i a m o n d si n t h e m a n ' sl u g g a g e T h e yh e l dt h e p i l o ta t g u n p o i nat n do r d e r e dh i mt o fly to the locationtheywanted H e t h r e w a l i t m a t c ht h r o u g ht h e w i n d o w a n d then ran off Themanwas caughttryingto stealtwo CD-ROMs 1.Screen Key0oar0 p l u g. r t u r no n . l o go n .

. c I d o n ' tt h i n ks o hj. 7 UT v 't0 ie Completeeachof the sentences with two to five words. robbed. A : W h e r ed i dt h e a c c i d e nht a p p e n ? B: a lt'sdifficultto say b About fifteenminutesago c A t E l ma n d D i x o n Pofiticlan's son *I 8 A : C a ny o u t e l l m e h o w t o g e t t o t h e M c l a u g h l i n Gallery? B : a l ' m g o l n gn o w b Sorry?Canyou repeatthat? c l ' m s o r r yt. t4 @4r: &P..::" i:-::::: :Ti^i-..*:::.::'.h e l i n ei se n g a g e d A: Didyou likethe outfit I wore yesterday? B : a T h a t ' sa n i n t e r e s t i nqgu e s t i o n b Let me see c To be honest. *eett.:r 7*71*......*da*.. I I I I r | | f I t: f rt: I W6qry. f {':::"r 3:i. r h o : t a .&. accused .1. includingthe word in bold..*r.*.-" *"ry t ! .lttlrrrl $Ql$hbaur ""* stoaltnghef car' 'w*.{.?a i*&. a nI s p e a kt o J e n n yp l e a s e ? B : a W o u l dy o u l i k et o l e a v ea m e s s a g e ? b l'm sorry. l|llruod dryllghl.'"*..I can'treallyrememberit A : H e l l oc. 1 L a s tn i g h ts o m e o n e h i t h e ro v e rt h e h e a da n ds t o l e h e rh a n d b a g mugged She l a s tn i g h t 2 P e t e cr o p i e dt h e P i c a s saon ds o l di t a sa n o r i g i n a l forged Peter a n ds o l di t a sa n o r i g i n a l 3 The policegot a descriptionof the thief from someonewho saw him escape witness Thepolicegot a description of the thief ... b*& 't ?.e.... sentenced o < tt q n o r t < ...t!f.1:.:y: ilpl0yee . charged.M&d.6 Theyhadto let the suspectgo because they could find no that he had committed 4 Lastsummerwas so hot that we decidedto nave a i r c o n d i t i o n i npgu t i n installed We had lastsummerbecause it was so hot 5 The escapedprisonersjumped onto a bus and madethe drivertakethem acrossthe border hijacked The busto get across the border 6 Car rentalcompaniescan use specialtechnology to find out wheretheircarsare locate C a rr e n t acl o m p a n i ecsa n t h e i rc a r s thecrime 7 We can now get up-to-the-minute newsfrom around theworldvia 6 Complete the headlines usingthe wordsbelow... Circlethe correctresponse..e."..*.*" l g u t h "*"*"*..Y3:*'...::::.Of afSOn. r " " ' r * .:r%w W u4. Do not change t h e m e a n i n go f t h e o r i g i n asl e n t e n c e ...a. l Supermarket bandit et4e.#:...'iffi e . .8p1'@ W.*i)-*-).*-'i-i^' -7:K.&:*WW.that'snot what I mean b l ' l lt h i n ko f i t i n a m i n u t e ...'tqp ..n o<r:no IS 35 .?e?.] r: '-"-if ltarn8ll must havedialledthe wrong number c Thankyou for waiting A: What'sSarah's sister's name? B: a lcan'trememberl b I d o n ' tt h i n ks o c W h a td o y o u m e a n ? A : H o wc o u l dy o u l o s et h e t i c k e t s ! B : a W h a t ' st h e p r o b l e m ? b l t w a s n ' tm e ! | g a v et h e mt o S a m ! c l ' l lt h i n ko f i t i n a m i n u t e A: What can I do for you? B: a I want to reporta robbery b Can I take a message? c Okay l'vedonethat 8 A : D i da n y o n ew i t n e s st h e b u r g l a r y ? B: a No...

of about to -+ for aware nervouS married raugn notoIouS pay keeptrack worry in Hewasn't awareof thefactthatshehada degree psychology. then compareyour list to your partner's. nd 1 I d i d n ' th a v ee n o u g hm o n e yt o p a yf o r l u n c h a I had forgotten my creditcard 2 We hardlyevergo to the cinemaWe go A W h a td o y o ut h i n kt h e w o m a nb o u g h t ? B : S h em i g h t3 ) A H o wi ss h ep a y i n g ? B : 4) A H o wo f t e nd o y o u g o s h o p p i n g ? B s) A Where? B b) 3 Themissingboywas found t o h i sP a r e n t s a n dr e t u r n e d . Lookat the pictures dialogues.| inn I rY I \LUV Speaking 11 12a thedialogue.usethemto complete a n ds o u n d inmind a o l u em o o n a n dt i d y mattersworse o n c er n to make clean koon safe B : I cansee2) . Qo:r. Lookat the picture Whichare the three most importantfactorswe shouldconsiderwhen buyinga car?Choose. W h i l ey o ua r ed r i v i n g . asin the example. Lookat the title of the article. 36 . It should: o I o a a o o I b e e c o n o m i c taol r u n b e e n v i r o n m e n t aflrliye n d l y be fast be efficient b e c h e a pt o b u y havea powerfulengine havelotsof accessories r u no n p e t r o l 0 . the sentences Then. andcomplete a. that you are beingwatchedby CCTVcamerason the motorway Carolisveryneat Herhomeis always 10 A : W h e r ed o y o ut h i n kt h e p i c t u r ew a st a k e n ? B : I t h i n k1 ) A : C a ny o u d e s c r i bteh e p i c t u r e ? A B Howdo youpay? 7) andactout similar b . usingthe phrases.What couldthe articlebe about?Readand checkyour the two columns. Matchthe words/phrases below.. thenmakesentences Tickthe correctpreposition..

the engine is controlled by a computer which determines whether the car runs on petrol. or both. One of the first ideas which car manufacturerstried. Both of these factors mean that they use far less petrol than normal cars. Hybrid cars are better for the environment because the electric motor can help out whenever it is needed and they have a much smaller engine than a traditional car. '. 14 Answer a What was the writer's nrrrnoseTWas he/she successfu |? C a ny o u n a m ea n ye n v i r o n m e n t aflrliye n d l ym e a n s of transport? Whichdo you use? I n p a i r s .When slowing down or braking. 'greener' cars. they still run on fossil fuel and so pollute the environment to some extent.and fuel pricesjust keep going up and up. the idea of electric cars has not been scrappedaltogether. In a hybrid car. This is where the hybrid car. that in recent years. transporting and storing hydrogen.Car manufacturershave improved the concept so that environmentally friendly cars can now be efficient and economical as well. People are conceffled about global rvarming. B it is difficultto storehydrogen C they producetoo muchwatervapour D thereis no futurefor them thequestions. statingits good points 37 . Forquestions 1-7.'13 Read thearticle again.Cor D.but at last. the electric motor recharges its batteries. The electric motor never needsto be recharged and it is much better for the planet than a traditionalcar. which has both an electric motor and a traditional petrol engine.if it is acceleratingor climbing a steep hill. However. it looks like we might be headingin the right direction. they may be the first step along the road to cleaner.choose thecorrect answer. D needsreplacement energypacks The computerin a hybridcar A p o w e r st h e e n g i n e B h e l p st h e c a rt o g o u p h i l l s C keepsthe carrunningat a steadyspeed D decideshow the carshouldbe poweredat any g r v e nt i m e Hybridcarsare better for the planetbecause A they usedifferentfuelto normalcars B they are madeof specialmaterials C t h e e l e c t r im c o t o ri ss m a l l etrh a na n o r m a l engrne D they producelessharmfulgases Hybridcarsare not the idealsolutionbecause A they producecarbonfibre B they do not makethe roadscleaner. though. Also. Of course. Unfortunately. The only emissionfrom these cars is harmlesswater vapour. Also. it seemsas though they might be making progress. 1 Car manufacturersare trying to invent a new vehiclebecause A today'scarsproducetoo muchpoisonous gas B it is difficultto drivein cities.whereas at steady speedsit runs only on petro'I. C today'scarsusetoo muchfuel D t h e c a ri n d u s t r iys i n t r o u b l e Vehicleswhich ran on electricmotors A movedveryfast B were madeof piecesof scrap C were not verypopular D h a dt o h a v et h e i re n g i n e rse p l a c e d . rvas to replace engines which run on fossil fuels with electric motors. after much trial and error. Finally. and the future of the car industry is beginning to look a little 'greener'. The electricmotor in hybridcars A doesn'tneedto recharge its batteries B hasits own petrolengine C takesa longtime to be recharged.t h i n k o f a n e w e n v i r o n m e n t afl rl yi e n d l y meansof transportDrawa pictureand preparean advertisement for it.comesin. C they alsousepetrol. it uses all of its resources. These are still some way in the future. When the car needs maximum power. The problems were that the batteries of these electric cars ran out very quickly and took a long time to recharge. electricity. It's no surprisetherefore. B. which makes them extremely light. Car manufacturers are already working on vehicles which run on hydrogen. for manufacturers have been put under pressure to invent a vehicle that is both cheaper to run and better for the environment. so they produce less pollution. hybrid cars on the market are made using materials such as aluminium and carbon fibre. as designersneed to think of cheap and safeways of producing. However.hybrid cars aren't perfect. A. D t h e ya r em a d ef r o ma l u m i n i u m 7 Carswhich run on hydrogenare not available yet because A it is hardto drivethem in the rightdirection. these vehicles had several drawbacks and they didn't sell very well. the replacementenergypackswere very expensive.a:#w#qr* ffimwffi Many of the world's cities lie under a permanent blanket of smog.

A : A n d t h e r e ' sq u i t ea b i t o f 3 ) In i t l ' m s u r et h e o w n e rw i l l b e l o o k i n gf o r i t B : S o . y o u ' v es e a r c h e tdh e c o n t e n t sh. a check theoil/ mightneedchanging / change it foryou . a v ey o u .w e l l .in casea rewardis offered A : G o o di d e a ! I ictpninn 15 Listento the conversation betweenAdamand questions Putthe exchanges in the can signthis form And you'd better leaveyour Then.t h a t w o u l db e great O h . not evena 2) A c o o d m o r n i n gm a d a m FTI W h a tc a nI d o f o r y o u ? ET--lot courseWhat'sthe problem? ETI umr you're Yes. Adam thinks he won't get a job in the future oecauSe A he hasa negativeattitude B i t w i l lt a k eh i my e a r st o u p g r a d eh i ss k i l l s C h e w o n ' t b e a b l et o u s et h e n e wt e c h n o l o g y Peoplewill be able to earn more money in the future because A theywill work fewerhours B t h e yw i l l b e a b l et o d o m o r et h a no n ej o b a t a time C c o m p u t e rws i l l d o t h e i rw o r k f o r t h e m b r i e f c a s-et h e s t a t i o n/ n o wallet/ palmtopcomputer/ n a m eo n a b u s i n e scsa r d Televisions will be better in the future because A t h e yw i l l b e m o r ef r i e n d l y B theywill havebuttons C theywill be controlledby voice 17 h a n d b a -g b u ss t o p/ n o identification / jewellery / n a m eo n a n e n v e l o n p At thegarage a.b u t I d i d n ' tt o u c h a n y t h i n!g B: Ah. wollet. N o w u s et h e p r o m p t st o a c t o u t s i m i l a r dialogues. officer I just found this 1) o n t h e p a v e m e not u t s i d e the cafe Ah Let'shavea l o o k i n s i d eO h d e a r T h e r e ' s n o t h i n gw i t h t h e person'sname and'a s n a m e.l w i l l Goodbye! WonderfulThanks everso much I t h i n kt h e ym a y needa bit moreair i nt h e m C o u l dy o u c h e c k tho trrroc nlo:co7 Nowusetheprompts to actouta similar dialogue. readthedialogue aloud.choose the bestanswer.I h a d a q u i c kl o o k . s ir ? A : E r .in pairs.BorC. life will be easierbecause A everything will be computerised B p e o p l ew i l ls u r v i vw e i t h o u tc o m p u t e ' s C p e o p l ew o n ' t n o t i c ec o m p u t e r s b . F i llinth eg a p s with drive* licence.o n t h e 4 ) A : G r e a t D o y o u n e e dm e t o s i g na n y t h i n g ? B: Yes. A. How doesAdam feel when he readsabout the futu re? A extremely worried B veryhappy (- trttarlv mi<arrhlo Lisabelievesthat people A w i l l c h a n g ei n t h e f u t u r e B w i l l l e a r nn e ww a y so f d o i n gt h i n g s C arescaredof the future C o m m u n i c a t iHoann:d i n g i n a mi ssi nigte m 1 6 a .For 1-7. Why doesn'tAdam like usingcomputers? A H ec u t sh i m s e l f B H ed o e s n ' ut n d e r s t a nt d hem C He alwaysdropsthem In the future. rightl'lljustpumpthem up foryou youare You're th"ru FTI ready to go it! Drive ETI oon'tmention safely ! B a O h . readthe dialogue aloud. 38 A: Good evening.

:'v"4t:::*. _ the arrowkeyon the sideof the screennexrro ! Press t h e a m o u n ty o u n e e d t U O "i n y o u rp e r s o n ai dl e n t i f i c a t i onnu m b e (r p l N ) ! I C h o o r "' N o ' a n d t h e s c r e e n w i l l t e l ly o u t o t a k ey o u r card I I Yo.finallyetc)to organise the pointsor : : ..4ta..'. mustconnectthe camerato the computer I "'"etitt8'11"a*..a.. usingappropriate linkingwords/phrases.*. Read Youhavebeentakingphotography lessons.*' r. . choosethe option 'withdraw cash.. Lookat the instructions for takinga picture with a digitalcamera andfill in the verbs.... I fn" nextscreenwill askyou how muchyou wanr to withdfaw I P u ty o u rc a r di n t ot h e m a c h i n e I r f ..6.t . Nowyour teacher hasaskedyouto writeinstructions on howto takethe perfectpicture. Rewritethe pointsin Ex. Putthepointsintothecorrect order. button halfwaywhen s h u t t e ra l l t h e w a y w h e n t h e 5 6 thecamera s t i l lu n t i li t b e e p s u n t i l t h e l i g h t changesback to t h e i m a g ef r o mt h e c a m e r a b. o allow o first r when r then To chargebattery: 1 i n s e r ct h a r g epr l u gi n t o b a s ew i t h arrowfacingup p l u g c h a r g i n gu n i t j n t o a p o w e r 2 1 socket z it to chargefor 6-8 hours(youcan u s ei t w h i l ei t i sc h a r g i n g ) f u l l yc h a r g e di .t \vAv/ rr ii tLi n| n tg b. m u s tt u r n o n t h e c o m p u t e r Vo..r"nthe 'menu. u m a c h i n ew i l l g r v e y o u y o u r m o n e y a n d a withdrawalslipshowinga recordof yourtransactron. haveto select'download' Sauethe picturein a file Vo.r. 21 a.'. must clickthe cameraicon on the computer screen Y o ..?:.Sll :'. then. I f I I rh..%. o Download.\: Wewrite instructions. next.o w t h e o r d e ro f e v e n t s 'l 20 a.t w i l l p r o v i d eu p t o 1 0 0 h o u r ss t a n d b yo r 5 h o u r st a l k i n g 3 instructions explain howto 19 a. :fter that. Write the instructionsin 40-80words. Look.Make the sentences shorte4then put the pointsinto the correct or0er.".i -.. Lineup . we usethe imperative form -"hen i t h e v e r ba n d w e u s u a l l yl e a v eo u t a r t i c l e sT h e p o i n t s rust alwaysbe written ln the correctorderone afterthe : :ther We can use numbers or bullets before each r lstruction We usuallyuse linkingwords/phrases (first.ri! --...*r76rr. Hold .ttu?. Thefollowing withdraw cashfromanATM(automatic teller machine). press (X2) .1i. .r". Wait below.f*t*qr.19ain a paragraph.. Lookat the instructionsfor downloadinga pictureonto a computer. screenwill ask you if you want a n o t h e r transaction'yes/No. 1 What adverbswill you useto put the instructions inorder? 2 W h a tv e r bt e n s e w s i l ly o u u s e ? b..a G.<*_ 39 .Insert themissing 8 Lookat theinstructions wordsthentryandguess whattheobjectis. therubric andanswer thequestions..screenappears..r..

. fantastic.if you like international c ur S r n e 4 | t h i n kh e rn e w d r e s sl o o k sd r e a d f u l 5 Shealwaysbuyscheapclothes 6 T h i sd i s h t a k e sh a l f a n h o u r t o c o o k i f y o u u s e frozenvegetables .Wise. tight 1 Thatwas one of the most interestingfilmsI have everseen 2 We got a very warm welcomewhen we finally arrived 3 This restaurantis great. ldentifythe shopsin the pictures. b u d g e t . n@d{t. . v a l u et o m e 3 He'sdeterminedto succeedbecausehe's a very .bleach. asin theexample. llow- rh 4 S .flowers. . q-h -t .. delightedo conservative .CD player. : 10 ' norcnn:l laptop pierced 9!lP-:9ll linen leather e Replacethe adjectivesin bold with their opposites.cooker. bear . . Oritt table. .meat. polish furniture hardware 6 towel. I can't afford it becausel'm on a tiqht 2 Thisring might not be expensive. Fillin the missing compound nouns.pasta washingpowder.-.fridge 4 Completethe sentences with the correctword from the list.w'ssti!ng : h i. / ut o t y Wherewould a. expensive. . bread. dedicated. . Whatcanyoubuyin eachshop? 5 2 lettersto form a.s o s h e h a dt o h a v ei t s p e c i a l l y b. Penny Foolish 3 Pound Crossout the odd word. Which group of goodsdo the restof the words belongto? t 2 3 4 5 \/^--1. modern . .o a t . cool . 8 j u m p e d .shampoo.chair.please Haveyougotthisin a large? CanI tryontheotherone? please? Couldyoucutit intoportions. w o v e n .r e s s r i n g .envelopes. Wherecan you buy eachof theseitems?What canyou do with eachof theseitems? lstherea bracelet to match? Twoloaves of rye. i m p o r t e d.deodorant. s e n t i m e n t a. local . b. fresh . youexpectto hearthe following? o . Doyoudeliver? included in theprice? Aretheframes hammer. toothpaste paper.e c k l a c e screwdriver.ribbons 7 pen.e a r r i n g sn.screwdriver.' 'l-r'. v u L d t _ . m b r e l l ac. . a m b i t i o u s . but it's of great . boring . man 4 Tonyis really to hiscareer i n m i n dt h a t t h e s h o p sw i l l 5 Please b e c l o s e do n S u n d a y 6 S a l l yw a s w i t h t h e b o u q u e to f flowersshereceived 7 Anita was surprisedwhen she won firstprize rug at the 8 He boughta colourful fleamarket personwho doesn't 9 He'sa very l i k en e w i d e a sa t a l l 1 0 S h ec o u l d n ' tf i n d w h a t s h e w a n t e dh e r e . l g e n u i n e l y 1 Unfortunately.s h i r t 9 lipstick. roiler I 004r0 m a c hr n e milk spray gel scarf 5 lce 40 6 I comPuter tre 5 / 00rt|e0 mineral R : 9 .

1 A: Do youthinkI should get Marya CDfor her birthday? a H o wa b o u tt h a t o n e ? b Y e sb .7 8 6 p r e f e ras n t i q u ef u r n i t u r e Myhusband My trousersaretoo loose 5 A : W h i c hb l o u s ed o y o u t h i n k I the r e do r t h e p i n ko n e ? B: a I thinkthe redone looksbetteron you b Anyhow. u t m a k es u r ei t i s n ' to n es h e ' sa l r e a d y got 2 A . B : a l t h i n k t h a t ' sa g r e a ti d e a ! b Anyway. I thought you wanted to go to the cinema tonight B: a Anyway..they are exactlythe r i g h ts i z e glove Yournew trousers . . Circlethe correctresponse.u p appearance 41 . most people will have made b 3 o t h e rp l a n sb y n o w I t h i n ky o us h o u l d A T h es a l e s m asna i dI c o u l d n 'et x c h a n gteh e s h i r t you boughtfor me B a Y o u s h o u l d g o b a c k a n d s p e a kt o t h e b 4 manager How aboutwaitinguntiltomorrow? A'.b u t t h e r ei s n ' ta n y t h i n g o o do n Thepoliceareinvestigating the case l o o k i n g T h ep o l i c e .pinkdoesn'tsuityou a. i n c l u d i n gt h e w o r d si n b o l d . eventhouqhthe mirrorwascracked refund I couldn't for the crackedmirror 10 Mostwomenwear m?ke-upbecause theywant to look better e n h a n c e W o m e nu s u a l lw y e a rm a k e . 1 Janewill take careof the babywhilewe'reaway after Jane whilewe'reaway Yournew trouserslook great. 7 8 Writedownfiveitemsof clothingyouhavein yourwardrobeanddescribe them. 6 A : F r a n k ' rse a l l yu p s e tw i t h m e . yellowcotton dress with m w h i t ec o l l a r b l a c ks u i t t 5 t I checked shirt t i g h tw h i t e T-shirt TET-I stripedcotton shorts doesn'tmatterto me b I d i d . Talkabouteachperson's clothes.-f-socks r v t I l-T_l tra Iners 7 A: Shall I make reservations at that new Thai restau rant? B : a Y o us h o u l dc a l lt h e r e s t a u r a nf itr s t b Troubleis. I s h o u l d n 'ht a v e b e e ns o r u d et o h i m B : a H o wa b o u ta s k i n gF r a n ka b o u ti t ? b Y o us h o u l da p o l o g i steo h i m short-sleeved. they lookgreat b... n e rc a r e e r I r e t u r n e dt h e b l o u s eb e c a u s et h e r e w a s a b i g m a r ko n t h e b a c k stain I took the blouseback to the shop because it on the back 9 The managerrefusedto giveme my moneyback..D o n o t c h a n g et h e meaningof the originalsentence.George iswearing a aregood at languages 9 Completethe sentences with two to five words. A . to the party J i mt o o k h i ss u i tt o t h e d r yc l e a n e r ' s had Jim . .. striped'sa littleexpensive t m m ta2n< 8 A: l'vedecidedto take Frenchlessons. Matchthe description of the clothes to the pictures below. the case I r e a l l ya p p r e c i a tael ly o u rh e l p grateful l'm really a l ly o u rh e l p I a s k e dC a r oal n ds h es a i dw e c o u l dw e a rj e a n sa n d trainersto the party casual Carolsaidwe . Let'shavethe partytomorrownight B : a Troubleis. . at the dry cleaner's S h ec a nt h i n ka b o u tn o t h i n ge l s eb u t h e rc a r e e r obsessed She .

Lookat the picture andcomplete the dialogue. a l o u ds c r e a m w h e nt h e m o u s e ran over her foot 7 Mary had to let . thephrasal verbs. Lookat the pictures andin pairsactout similar dialogues.50 I w o u i d n ' tw a n t t o w h e n h i sf a t h e rf i n d so u t t h a t h e c r a s h etdh e c a r S h e h a s t o s n e n dm o r e [ i m e o n h e r h o m e w o r k Whethershewantsto or not.What do youexpectto readin it? b. e ' l lo n l yl e t y o u 5 Mary hireda privatedetectiveto look h e rhu s b a n d 'dsi s a p p e a r a n c e 6 S h el e t .usethe phrases to complete the sentences. e ' sg o i n gt o H e a g r e e dt o t h e i n t e r v i e w o n l y i f e v e r y t h i n hg e s a i dw a s l ' m a f r a i dP o l i c C e o n s t a b lH earrison rgnt now I t h i n kM a r c i ai sg o i n gt o b e p r o m o t e db. Lookat thestarsignsandin pairssuggest an gift for each. tn proud B : 6) A : How often d o y o ug o s h o p p i n gW ? h ow i t h ? B : 7) dedicated object part prorecr t a k ep r i d e b. h e rs k i r tb e c a u sseh e ' d g a i n e dw e i g h t 42 Reading 14 a. A 8 A f t e r t h e e a r t h q u a k ew. of a. 43. She's thebestinherclass. is 11 A : W h a tcanyou seein the picture? B: 1) A: B: A: B: to WIIN from W h a ta r et h e yd o i n g ? 2) W h a td o y o ut h i n kt h e yh a v eb e e nd o i n g ? 3) A : W h a tc o u l dt h e yh a v eb o u g h t ? B : 4) A : How do they feel?Why? B : s) A : What arethey goingio do next? Tickthe correctpreposition. u t n o o n e et5eKnows. thenmakesentences usingthe phrases. Lookat thetitleof thearticle on p. . 12 Complete 1 | havepromised to look myneighbour's c a tw h i l es h ei so n h o l i d a y 2 T h ep o l i c el e t h i m with a warning 3 They looked him becausehe wasn't interested in poetry 4 D o n ' tr e l yo n L a r r yh. e h a d a n e n g i n e elro o k t h e b u i l d i n gt o m a k es u r et h a t t h e r e w a sn o s e r i o udsa m a g e B Speaking u n d e ry o u rh a t h i ss h o e s duty h i ss h i r t n o rt h e r e the record be off lose n e i t h e hr e r e off be In keepit 13 l f h e k e e p si n v e s t i n g a l l h i s m o n e yi n t h e s t o c k m a r k e th.Matchthe words/ohrases in columnA to thosein columnB. in as theexample. OCCUT delighted prease0 l'mproudofmydaughter.Then.Readthe articleto see appropriate if yourguesses werecorrect.

Wherecouldyou readsuchan article? Doyou agreewith the writer? . these maybe givenin anyorder. choosefromthe starsignsA-F.Forquestions 1-14.| | FT|l FIT-I ETI F3T_-l [4t_l b.Someof the starsignsmaybe chosenmorethanonce. Readthe articleagain. People who werebornunderthisstarsign: get boredveryquickly wouldappreciate beinggivena book do notlikeoldthings don'treally mindwhatyougivethem enjoyplaying withnewmachines fTIDI FI t2-fl FI FTI FTl reTl want to be famous do not appreciate fakejewellery do not likereceiving giftsfor their nome enjoykeepingin touchwith others liketo be secretive areusuallyartistic would liketo be giventickets FI Fl-l toT_l t .15 a. Whenmorethanoneansweris required.

in pairs.:. Readthestoryon p. sir . . l s eWeh a t d o y o u n e e d t.yourcardshouldbe with us in about ten days. a r p d i t r : r d c h o l n v n r I t n n a v f n .Forquestions 1-8. usingdirectspeech .. Then. h e n ? BankClerk l'll needto seetwo differentformsof photo lD Customer: OK l've got my driving2) and mv 3) BankClerkfhat's fine l'lljust makea copyof them Customer: Do you needanyother4) .. addressing the readerdirectly. .please BankClerkRight.::ir .l'vegot a bank statementhere withdrawtwenty pounds/ forgottenbankbook/ formof photolD/ passport / fill out withdrawalslip Writinga firstperson narrative n ' 4 /4f-trtlI *-.l'll needsomedetailsbeforeI can process y o u r1 ) .? BankClerk:Yes I needyour most recent5) Customer: Oh. d e s c r i b i npge o p l e 'rse a c t i o n s / f e e l i n.\\_\i"'# \\ "' WhenwEwritea firstperson narrative. C u s t o m e r : O h .We'llcallyou as soonas it arrives you CustomerThank b.r:11.o Certainly.g. slip. . Readthe storyagainanddecidewhich techniques havebeenusedby the writerto starVfinish the story. Customer: l'd liketo applyfor a creditcard. . . . you buywith yourcreditcard : :: r. That's right.t h a n k s B : 4 ) .readthe dialogue aloud. ..Youwill needto writea wordor a shortphrasein eachbox. . . . .licteninn 16 At the Bank Youwill heara radiointerview aboutcredit cards. thenin pairs. l've got that here BankClerk Great Well. Fillinthemissing thedialogue aloud. Now usethe promptsbelow to act out a similar dialogue. !i'::a1.. phrases. Now usethe promptsbelow to act out similar dialogues. .. we beginwith an introductionto set the scenewith informationabout who/where/whenand why The main body has two or more paragraphs describing the eventsin chronological order The conclusiontellswhat happenedat the end of the story and includesfeelingsand comments We normally writethe storyusingthe pasttensesand a variety of adjectives and adverbs to makeit moreinteresting ' Analysing A ModelText 19 a. Thank you..i!i. oThat's fine.s. e x n p r ^ s i v et h i .information. 44 a p p l yf o r a l o a n/ a f o r mo f l D a n da b a n k statement/ threemostrecentpayslips/ loan shouldbe grantedin abouttwo weeks applyfor a secondmortgage/ a form of lD and tax statement/ documentshowingproofof ownershipof house/ mortgageshouldbe approvedin aboutfifteendays haro'c r roraint A : O h .. .sir A: l'd liketo depositthis chequeinto my savings Peonleoften oet a lot of offers for credit cardsas soon as :rrnrrnf theyaref It isa goodideato geta creditcardfrom m m Somepeopleapplyfor creditcardsbecause theyare D e l a y i ntgh e p a y m e not f c r e d i ct a r db i l l sm e a n st h a t y o u p a y mininterest C r e d i ct o m p a n i em s a k eF B: 2) from Now. . . Fillin the gapswith: passport.if you couldjust fill out this depositslip A : O K D o l s i g nh e r e ? B: 3) p e o p l ew h o c a n ' ta f f o r dt o p a yt h e i rb i l s C r e d i ct a r d sa r eu s e f uw l h e ny o u d o n ' th a v ea n y And monyou item of every b. . referringto one'sfeelingsor moods . ' B e g i n n i n/gEsn d i n g s b. complete the noteswhich summarise whatthe speakers you havesomethingwith youraccount n u m b e ro n i t ? A: Erm Let me see Oh yes. o USI'rg the senses .licence. .n o I d i d n ' tt h i n kI w o u l dn e e di t B: Well. .. Communication: Applying fora credit card 17 a. . ..opplicotion. askinga rhetorical question . .. r n s o v e r a moftime Youshould always ffi nlo:<o B : 1 ) Do you haveyourbankbookwith you? A : O h . . read 18 a. 45 andunderline the correcttense. .'r r..

Adjectives 20 I Ll LJ I E I f Fillin the missing adjectives fromthe listbelow.f.rocketsonto the table. experience waswhenI forgotto wearmy shoesandwentto workwith myslrppers onI 2 | hadt: 'ti"ri:i:orthe rirm tomake an |"uu: That was the most mealI have everhad. t t . Davidcrey.thenput the sentences that followin the correctorder. h i l em y g u e s rw a si n t h e F o y e rm a k i n g a n i m p o r r a n t phone call. I emptie-dmv .aled the day!"I saidgratefullyasI went ro pay rhebili. I have.. &S*W" : a mistake andgave #tt fiNffH rtlfril$nemade thewrong bag"shetolcl 0urepofer. e l a u g h e da n dt o l d m e t o wait for him wnen Luckily. Mr Lewiswas very relievedthat I had fornO f.She said it was wnat she'dalwayswanted ano ..ii:ii briefcaseHiscreditcardsand personal identification wereinside oecause 5 | gave it to my daughter. Usethe storyin Ex.'I had enoughmoneyto pay rhebill in cash.000pairof earrings V r r S m i t hw e n t t o t h e j e w e l l e rsyh o p . embarrassing .didn't evenhaveenoughfoi the taxi home. I was at an expensive restaurant and I l) finished/had just finisheda deliciousmealwith a neu clientW .I wish I couldcookaswell asyou do My husband b o u g h tm e a n pair of earringsfor my birthday I t h i n k t h a t a o n e y e a rm e m b e r s h iapt t h a t n e w g y m i st h e presentfor Angela :. 45 . .So. best o expensive 1 My mosi .I 4) didn't know/hadn'tknown whar tu do.I wentto the .erto callmy boss.Ar:f.FIerniece.WA Jenny Potfer. delicious o urgent. Llt my purse but it wasn'tin there either. "Thank you.)\. checkingmy purseto see __lvhgnmy gxest returned.flng me the companycreditcard.but I couldn't find mv cr'edircard .*nrfo*rr***ir:q fxptrri*r?*e Have you ever been really embarrassed? Well..r. walked away witha{5.ljil itwasn.t€'-' I 2) reached/wasreaching into . A littie while later a driver 6) arrived/wasarriving at rhe testaurantand gave me the card. Read therubric andanswer thequestions inthe plan. 21 Jointhesentences My guestwas makinga phonecall I decidedto p a yt h e b i l l white H e h e a r dm y p r o b l e mH . Writeyourstoryin 120-180 words.19asa model. gttl "The salcs evethad! il f ..r. Linkers below using thewords inbold. Yourlocalnewspaper isholdinga shortstory competition you and have decidedto enter..the fltyflnfifff rjfiL|lmanager of the jelvellery LastSaturdayattemaon shop. you've .was $o grateful MrsSmithbaught a ilO whensherelumedtheril silver bracelettot her fhat he gaveher a {5W ilirce's birthday and gold bracelof. Discuss & Write 22 Readthe newspaper articlebelow. p#rl::Yli" earilngs.nylyhere.I rn'as . . HrtoSmithreturnedthe earrings Virr Smithboughta braceletworth f 1O a. .Unfortunately..he 5) had oeenlaughing/laughedand told me to wair for a driver to .+.When he heardmy problem.yourstory * muststartwith thewords"Haveyoueverhada really wonderful surprise?" 1f 1i:! q* lntroduction . saidit was pair galrl o{ andrlianand thebestpre$ent $hehad I.aittF. the shopswere still open I took the bus into town and went backto the shop so (Para l) Who/Whatis the storyabout?Where/'Whn d i d i t t a k ep l a c e ? MainBody (Paras2-3) What happened Jirst/nextetc?What wasthe climax? Conclusion lPara4) 'Whathappmed in the end?How did you Jeel?What dreyour commentsor reactions? b. sir. I decided to pay the bil..' 23 fhe salesgirl madea mistake Themanagergavehera goldbraceletworth f 5OO MrsSmith'sniecehada wonderfulbirthdaypresent Vrr Smithleftthe storewith a f 5.. It was last week.

oil . . piece. f l e x i b l e .YouAreWhat youEat 2 a. boost . Howoften do you eatthesefoods? 46 1 lt is t o e a t a b a l a n c e dd i e t a n d exerciseregularlyif you want to stay fit and healthy 2 Benlikesto eat somethingsweetto hisenergylevelsin the lateafternoon 3 A good review will that the restaurant will be a success 4 S h el i k e st o h a v ea c u p o f m i l k b ya pieceof cakewhen shecomeshomefromschoor 5 Make surethat you with enough you for food the trip betore set sail 6 lt's bestto exercise when yourenergylevelis at its . Add threemorefoodsto eachcategory. slice.askandanswer. g u a r a n t e e.. salt. . b.I preferroasted chicken.da l e r t . cUp. I "'t--Vocabulary ldentifythe a. . . vinegar tr A: I liketoputketchup onmychips. Whatcanyouseein the picture? foodsandcomplete the table. . Then. . ::' 3 Replace the wordsin boldwith wordsfrombelow. A: Howdoyoulikeyourchicken cookedT B: lpreferit grilled. . Whatdo you liketo put on yourfood?Askand answerasin the example. b . p e a k . . . . asin the example. . . jar . . Fillin the tablebelowto showhow thesefoods canbe cooked. 162fo packet o tube r bottle 1 2 3 4 5 Can I havesomebread?aslice/lsaf a{ Wouldyou likesomecake? . asin the example. . . absorb. A: Doyou?I don't. Do you haveany toothpaste? Can I get you somecoffee? Couldyouget somespaghettifromthe supermarket? I thoughtwe hadsomecokein the fridge 7 D o w e n e e da n yj a m ? 8 W o u l dy o u l i k es o m ec h e e s ien y o u rs a n d w i c h ? 4 Completethe sentencesusingthe words below. B: Metoo.butsometimes I Itkesaltandvineqar instead. pepper o mustard r ketchup . unprocessed o vital e stockup meat & poultry: dairyproducts: f i sh : shellfish: fruit: vegetables:cauliflower o t h e r :. a c c o m p a n i e.. Somewordscanbe usedmore thanonce. c.

Whichof thesefoods are:sweet?salty?sour? bitter?spicy?creamy?juicy? 6 Circlethe correctresponse.ssaiad MainCourse . asin the example.t 7 The body can quickly certarnsugarsvery A: Goodafternoon. Courses andDesserts Thenactout dialogues. on { to : from In for Youcanrelyon mefor thehelpyou need. u t l ' m n o t v e r yk e e no n camprng b lt'sa greatway to get closerto nature 2 A. b. 47 . welcome back How was your trip to Singapore? B : a l t w a st e r r i b l yd i s a p p o i n t i n g b I wouldn'twastemy time 3 A : M y s i s t e ri s c o m i n go v e r f o r d i n n e rt o n i g h t W h y d o n ' ty o uj o i n u s ? a I s u p p o sseo b l ' d l o v et o .then makesentences usingthe phrases. yourmuscles willbemore 5 (1-9)to the Starters. u t l ' d r a t h e rn o t b l'd in the example. thespaghetti. B: Yes l'dlikethetortillachipsanddip. MayI takeyourorder? please. I-Tp] Borosnese bread f-fEl i::l:.followed by .1 steakwith andsarirc riceandsreen beans :_1T:r i-rFr >reak with bakedpotato and broccoli 7 Tickthe correctpreposition.I d o n ' tw a n t t o d o t h a t b Why not? 6 A : We're thinkingof getting a microwaveoven Do you think it'sworth it? B : a You musttry it lt'sso easy b lt'sgreatfor cookingmealsquickly. b u t l ' m a f r a i dI c a n ' t 4 A W h a t d i dy o ut h i n ko f t h e n e w B r a dP i t tf i l m ? B : a You'vegot to seeitl b l t ' sw e l lw o r t h a v i s i t l 5 A: We are all going out afterwork. Matchthe pictures Main (A-l)in the menubelow. rely recover reply rich readv refrain .I can'tremember rortiliachipsand dip peasoup !+gi I lClChef. A: Andwhatwouldyou likefordessert? B: I thinkl'll try theicecreamsundae. a. 1 A : W e a r eg o i n gc a m p i n gi n t h e S o u t ho f F r a n c e W o u l dy o u l i k et o j o i n u s ? B : a T h a n k sf o r a s k i n gb. carbohydrates containedin fruit a n dg r a i n sa r ee s s e n t i taol a h e a l t h yd i e t Some people drink coffee to help them sta. Hey. Do you fancy coming? B : a N o . 10 lf youwarmup beforeyouexercise. 7 you can 8 A: Why don't you comeoveron Sunday? h e l pm e c l e a no u t t h e a t t i c B : a T h a n k sb. thank you verymuchfor inviting mel Starters H A Are you goingto Tony'sNewYear'sEvepartyT B : a I s u p p o sseo b Sorry.

-v . y r.^^ tO be a LUI lLEr rLro Lrur I g o o dd r i v e r A : W h e r ed o y o ut h i n kt h e p i c t u r ew a st a k e n ? B: 1) A : C a ny o u d e s c r i biet ? B"2). Lookat the picture andcomplete thedialogue.r 0 n a p p e n S reflexes You needfast o) 9lcd L -^^-^^+"-+. Youshouldalwaysbe whenyou use publictransport 6 T h e p h o n erangjust as I was about to leavethe house point lwas t h e h o u s ew h e nt h e p h o n er a n g 7 Y o u rn e i g h b o u rasr e s o n o i s y !| d o n ' t k n o w h o w you canlivehere put I d o n ' t k n o wh o w y o u c a n n o i s yn e i g h b o u r s . .. q\ J . R Tn ho : nnnd drricr vnrr shnrld rnn. h ed r o p p e dh i m l i k e 8 .D o n o t c h a n g et h e m e a n i n go f t h e o r i g i n a sl e n t e n c e .usethe phrases to complete the sentences. n e m a n a g e ot o f i n i s h h i s n e w novel >peaKlng 10 a. the good pur under o uruP f u l lo f a hot ovqil 48 r)L vv rq LU of cake a l lo d d s beans control intheocean old days off b. w i l l h e l py o u s t a y f i t a n d l o s ew e i g h t Watch out f o r p i c k p o c k e twsh e n y o u u s e p u b l i c transport alert 5 T h ec h i l d r e n were a f t e rt h e i r l o n g sreep 6 H i s d o n a t i o ni s c o m p a r e dt o t h e amountthat is neededto feedthe poor 7 Whenthe lawyersawthat herclientwas not to be t r u s t e ds.8 1 He'sa professional chef. .n..r'e On w h a t y o u a r ed o i n ga n d b e a b l et o r e a c tq u i c k l yi f <nmaihinn .. 9 . A : W h a td o y o ut h i n kt h e ya r ec e l e b r a t i n g ? B: 3) A : W h a ta r et h e ye a t i n g ? B: 4) yourbirthday? A: How do you celebrate R.. 'l I fell asleephalfwaythrough the film becauseit w a ss o b o r i n g Thefilmwasso boringthat nodded halfwaythrough 2 | t h o u g h tT i n aw a sm a r r j e d lwas . a. v . t h e y a r e g o i n g t o f i n d o u t sooneror later keepgoingon I don't know why my grandparents I t h i n kl i f ei s a l o t e a s i e r a b o u t.. . i l r x e r c i s e l h e l py o u A h e a l t h yd i e t a n d r e g u l a e stayfit and loseweight accompanieA d h e a l t h yd i e t .n.actout similar dialogues. A: Whatfooddoyouusually serve? B: 6) 9 in the two columns. so preparingeverything f o r t h e d i n n e rp a r t yw i l l b e for him Don't t e l l i n gy o u rp a r e n t tsh a t y o u b r o k et h e w i n d o w .. .pnl'. Matchthe words/phrases Then. Completethe sentences i n c l u d i n gt h e w o r d si n b o l d . now than it was 60 yearsago 4 T h e p o l i c ea r r i v e da n d s o o n h a d t h e s i t u a t i o n with two to five words. under t h a t T i n aw a s m a r r i e d It is very importantto make sure that you are g e t t i n gt h e n e c e s s avr yi t a m i n a s n d m i n e r a lw s hen y o u a r eo n a 0 r e r M a k i n gs u r e y o u a r e g e t t i n gt h e vital n e c e s s a rvyi t a m i n sa n d m i n e r a l s on a diet .aYa i-E. Lookat the pictures andin pairs.

but had neverthoughtof dieting until one summer's day at schoolAs shesat on a lowwallin the playground enjoying an ice creamfrom the schoolcanteen.'. Kathy married an engineer Steven.a teacher jokinglytold herthat shewouldget fat if she atetoo manysweets Thanksto the good adviceher doctorgave her.Reading Whatdoyouexpect to readin 1"1 a." l 'i I '-J i g+ a: -:. It was about a young woman who had died of cancer."Kathy says. "I believe that there is a link between media images and eating disorders. if I can savejust one person from the horrors of eating disorders." she says. Readthe articleagain.'but as soon as the babieswere born. Choose fromthe paragraphs A-G the onewhichbestfits eachgap1-5."says Kathy.a n d i t m a d em e f e e lt e r r i b l e" Kathywasstilllivingat homewith herfamily. stoppedmakingherselfsickandstartedwriting a bookabouther experiences.What role did advertisingand careerplay in Kathy's obsessionwith her weight? What advice would you give to those sufferingfrom anorexia? 49 .she b e g a n a m o d e l l i n gc o u r s e U n f o r t u n a t e l y .Very few peopletry to put on weight. The fascination with celebrities and their weight is one issuethat she feels very strongly about.rards that it was wrong. Her mother was very worried and took her to seethe doctor. Kathyis on a specialdiet. " A When Kathyleft schoollaterthat year. Kathystillbelieved that shewasfat Kathy'sproblemsbeganwhen shewassixteen yearsold Shehad alwaysbeenconscious of her figure." she says I didn't know what anorexia or bulimia were."I thought they werejealous of me for being so thin. it will make my experienceseem worthwhile.but Kathy has a very good as anore&a.-- Kathy and her family are relieved and happy that she has managed to overcome her problem and now her main ambition is to prevent others from going through the same nightmare. shewouldeat andthen makeherself "l realised sickstraightafteru." she smilessadly.It makes me angry that the media only showsthe positive side of thinness. She quickly lost a lot of weight and beganto look too thin. "In those days. They had two children. "I ate normally while I was pregnant.who is ten. "A lot of people never recover from anorexia. I started starvingmyself Iife.K " athy admits "l drankwaterand blackcoffeeand I usedto run up and down the stairstryingto burnoff the few calories I gained" But even t h o u g hh e r b o n e ss h o w e dt h r o u g hh e rs k i n and she was dangerouslyunderweight. While other people were fighting for their her that many teenagersseem to believe that it is attractive to be dangerouslythin. "I am very lucky. Readthetitleof thearticle. ShewCighs45kgand her targetweight is 50kg.Thereisanexample (0)at the beginning.butactually I looked awful.Thereisoneparagraph whichyoudo not needto use. "s a i dK a t h y " A l l I e v e ra t e w a ss a l a da n d a p p l e s .anorexiawasnot taken seriously. "The doctor just told me to go home and eat plenty of big dinners!" and soon her friends beganto ask her if shewas i11. Now. this only made her problem worse "Modelling w a s p o s s i b ltyh e w o r s t c a r e e rI c o u l d h a v e c h o s e n . Youaregoingto readanarticleabouta womannamed Kathy. so she found it difficultto go without food lnstead. who is now twelve." she was twenty-three. Kathy was able to recoverfrom her illnessShebeganeatinghealthymealsand stoppedweighingherselfSoonshe had put on ten kilosandwas beginning to looklikea h e a l t h hy u m a nb e i n ga g a i n . At that verymoment. the article? Whatillnesses isanovenrueight personlikelyto sufferfrom? b. "s h e a d m i t s " I w a s s u r r o u n d ebdy g i r l sw h o w e r ee v e nt h i n n e r t h a n m e . David.Fiveparagraphs havebeenremoved fromthe article. "I suddenlyrealisedthat I had everythingI could ask for and I was throwing it all away.but I knewthat I had a problemThetroublewasI couldn'tstop" She feelsthat magazinesnot only fail to inform their readersabout how celebrities s t a ys o f a s h i o n a b sl yl i mb u t a l s oa b o u tt h e risksof excessive dieting " I want childrento u n d e r s t a n dt h a t t h e i r h e a l t h i s m o r e important than trying to conform to a c e r t a i ni m a g e .Kathymadeup hermind to get overher illnessShegaveup exercising. and Christine. Kathy took thosewords to heart and begana diet which would last for the next twenty years of her life. Shealsogavea talk on eatingdisorders at herchildren's school It wassucha success that shewasinvitedto visit otherschools aroundthe country c.

We begin the letterwith Dear Sir/Madam In the first paragraph.a n da k i l oo f ontonS l ' d l i k et w o k i l o so f ^^+-+^^PULdLUE). 12 with a scientist Youwill heara radiointerview food. markthe sentences F(false). Caterer: Hello. Matchthe exchanges.andour full name .Then in pairs. l'm sure we can come up with something t o d a ya n d t h e n y o u s p e c i a lI ' l l s e n dy o u a 4 ) pop in nextweekto discuss the details can great Thanks Woman:Ihal's C o m mn ui c a t i o S n :h o p p i n g 13 m i n c e/ h a l fa k i l o/ f 2 1 0 a k i l o lambchops/ a kilo/ f3 50 a kilo steak/ two kilos/ f4 70 a kilo Thenin pairs. for eachpoint We starta new paragraph we we want to complainabout In the last paragraph. the actionwhichwe thinkshouldbe taken We end suggest the letterwith Yoursfaithfullv.Cathy'sCaterersHow canI helpyou? W o m a nO: h . we stateour complaints and third and fourth paragraphs. h e l l o l ' d l i k et o b o o ky o u r 1 ) party my daughter's Caterer:When will you be holdingthe party? for W o m a n : O2n5 t hJ u n e fine We don't haveanyother2) Caterer:fhat's f o r t h a t d a y N o w .h o w m a n yg u e s t sw i l l b e a t t e n d i n g ? Woman:Around 50. engineered who istalkingaboutgenetically (true) questions f or as For 1-6. bookings.we stateour reasonfor writing In the second. givejustifications. Now usethe promptsto act out a similar dialogue. a o a Booking a cater ing company 1 D r S t e v e ntsh i n k st h a t g e n e t i c a l l y enoineered foodshaveseveral advantages 2 I n t h e U 5 .I t h i n ks o e Hereyouare Thank youverymuch Oh. g o l d e na n n i v e r s apr a y r t y/ 3 O t hM a y/ a r o u n d1 0 0 g u e s t /s a l la g e s/ h i r e da b a n d/ l o t so f d a n c i n g / <t:nd-rrn hrrffpt mp:l Writing A Goodafternoon What canI get you? fnTl Ef- I2 | ETI ETI FTI ETI | I W O K i l O SH e r e y O U are AnythingelseT Yes.haveyou got anygreenpeppers? O h .lovelyCouldI heva fnr rr nle:<o? t 1: * 50 we usea formalstyle Whenwe writea letterof complaint.readthe dialogue aloud.5 0 %o f a l lc o r nc r o p sa r e nonotir:llv 14 anninoorofl Corncan be alteredto producea poison w h i c hk i l l sc a t e r p i l l a r s 4 K i l l i n gc a t e r p i l l acr o s u l dp u t o t h e ra n i m a l s in danger 5 T h eo n l ya d v a n t a goef g e n e t i ce n g i n e e r i n g i st h a t i t m a k e sf a r m e r rsi c h e r 6 G e n e t ie c n g i n e e r i ncgo u l ds t o pp e o o l e g o f r o m i n gh u n g r y 3 menlL a.b .services.3) on traysis what I h a di n m i n d Caterer: OK. please Yes. Fillin the gapswith: snacks. i ^l^--^ PIEOJC d Y e s .thesewere broughtin fresh j u s tt h i sm o r n i n g of course tstharall? That'llbe{3 40 then.readthe a. I think Most of them will be quite y o u n g W e ' v eh i r e da m a g i c i atno k e e pt h e c h i l d r e a nm u s e d Caterer:Sounds liketheywon't want to sit down to eat Woman:It'sa smallparty. 0 . Now usethe promptsto act out a similar Listening dialogue. dialogue aloud.

in I received service the about complain I am writingto uo.15aasa model."uot'*uirt"1lttt"J.. Readthe letterandunderline words.:..rrwasunabre to findthepeti 1) Firstly/Furthermot'' tv ' one of your -'ight5tdrr food section.Then. -.?.'. ETI t am afraidthat I probabty wiil not b.!.::. O1O upset by the I was extremely. Justifications ':-. : :.. the waiterbroughtme another steakwhichwasas badasthe firstone B Waiterclaimedthat it had beenfreshlymadethat mornrng C Foundpiecesof dirt on the lettuceleaves . Readthe table and matchthe complaintsto the justifications.l.statethetopicof eachparagraph.17. Writea : letterof complaint to the manager of the restaurant. Discuss & Write a .1.' An a l V s ran lqVo d e l T e xt ^ l the correctlinking 1 5 a.Youtt faithfullY' -.:::. ' b. t h e w h o l e e x p e r i e n cwe a s s o m e w n a t unsatisfactory 4 l'm afraidto saythat the service was not as good as might be expected 5 lf thingsdo not improvein the future. Style Mildcomplaints Youhada mealin a restaurant. ) e a r5 i r / M a d a m .so I asked he simply:plut"' io tf'u lnsteadof showrngn't awaY shruggedandwalked at the I standingin a queue 2) Then/However'after the end only ' minutes't ieached checkoutfor overlfteJn and I l that her shift was over to be told by the cashier queue would haveto lotn another . R e a dt h e r u b r i cb e l o wa n d u n d e r l i n et h e k e y wor0s. you did not Howeveq enjoyyourmealdueto a numberof problems...MavisEdwards +a t .t:a Complaints FT-] Satadwas not fresh Vegetables had not been wa5ne0 l2Tl npple piewasstateand dry FTI Steakwastough and chewy .to writeyourletterof complaint (120-1g0 words).. 18 F-fl t am writingin connection with l2Tl I believeI maybe entited to a ETI rne treatmentwe received was a little disappointing IZT--It nopethat you will try ro ETI tn additionto this. 16 a . As you tun '*untt' be shopptngtn and I will certainlynot : treatmentI recetved wili improveyour again I hopethat you : yoursupermarket your staffwill be more ': staff trainingmethods'and that from now on to customers t O"fit.m afraidI maybe forcedto take my business elsewhere I i:. : .Youcanusethe letterin Ex. aswellasthe plan below.' 1 I feelI mustcomplainabout 2 | suggestthat you improveyourstandards 3 A l l i n a l l . *l r )): 't Dear Sir/Madam lntroduction S t r o n gc o m p l a i n t s ( P a r al ) a I was extremely upsetby the service we received b To makemattersworse. anOtretptut -.. apologise . Usethe information in Ex. S t u d yt h e c o m p l a i n t b s e l o wa n d m a t c ht h e m i l d complaintsto the strongoneswith the same meantng. A WhenI complained.n- t:.-4) WhaLareyour contplaintsand justiJicotions? Conclusion (Para5) 'What actiondo yotr suggestshouldbt tahen? Yoursfaith [ully Y o u rJ u l l n a m e 51 . Analysing theRubr ic 17 A s i f t h a t w a s n o t O t O " * ' n n ' w h e n l f i n a l l y mme a n a'g e d ' the cashierovercharged to pay for my groceries' mistake'she *fttn I pointedout her 3) However/D"'plt"' but was rudeand unfriendly no. Readthe letteragainandreplace the highlighted phrases with alternative ones. c I am writingto express my strongdissaiisfaction with d I c a na s s u r yeo ut h a t I w i l l n o t e I d e m a n da f I stronglyrecommend that you MainBody W h y a r ey o u w r i t i n g t h e l e t t e r ? (Paras2.

4 b. Youcanaddyour own ideas. 1 A : E x c u sm e e . paddles . clubs. Lookat the pictures andlabelthe sports/ activities. altitude.EveryMan to hisTaste S h eh a sn e v e b r e e na t s u c ha h i g h b e f o r eI. steadied .asin the example. lunacy. . Howdo youfeelaboutthe activities above? I Usethe expressions: I omkeenon. of watergushed intothe river 5 lt wasthe most l've experience everhadl 52 Circle thecorrect response. bat .I needyou to comein early 4 A : W o u l dy o u m i n di f I o p e n e dt h e w i n d o w ? B : a l ' d r a t h e yr o u d i d n ' t b Actually. torrents . please? B : a C e r t a i n l sy i.' l lb e u s i n gi t b l ' m a f r a i dl ' m n o t . ball . asin the example. ) Cqtieqry' c-::) g S Youneeda bowand arrowtodoarchery. thenusethe promptsto make up sentences asin the example. 3 Labelthe pictures. . . 2 A: Wouldit be OK if Sharonstayedfor dinner? B : a T h a tw o u l db e r i g h t b Of course Complete the sentences usingthe wordsin the list. r how r Arro\^/ . 3 A : W o u l dy o u m i n di f I c a m ei n l a t et o m o r r o w ?| haveto go to the bank B : a l ' d r a t h e yr o uw e n t b Actually. interpretation . racoreto shuttlecock .I don'tfoncy. hoteetc. t h i n ks h e ' sg o i n gt o f a i n t I feel a senseof wheneverI do s o m e t h i nw g ell 8 His o f t h e p r o b l e mi s q u i t e differentto mine He h i m s e laf t t h e t o p o f t h e s k i p u s h i n g s l o p eb e f o r e h i m s e lof f f 1 0 Extremekayakingis a sport Vocabulary a. .I did 5 A: Would it be OK if I borrowedyour new CD player? B : a S o r r yl .r b Let me see I don'tfancycollecting stamps. . bal. instincto elation .w a i t e r C o u l dy o u b r i n gu s t h e b i l l . skateboard . nerve-racking . high-risk 1 He always his canoecarefully alongthedangerous rrver 2 Somepeoplethinkthat doingextreme sportsis sheer 3 Hissurvival keepshimsafeeven in themostdangerous situations 4 .

-. . theneveryplayerneedsto do theirbit . Thenmatch themto the speech bubbles. '. tzl-l I ' m t a l l a n d l ' m a g o o dj u m p e ra n d s h o o t e rb u t that isn't enoughfor me I don't want to be a good player. o t h i n ge l s ew i l l d o 6 EverySundaywe go to the beach.' "*"-"":'"" :-: ." ".--.Donot change the meaning of theoriginal sentence. ropes l t d i d n ' tt a k eL i n d al o n g a t h e rn e wj o b .'. the next o ambitious o determined . a c t i n gc a m en a t u r a l ltyo m e blood Actingwas necause mostof myrelatives wereinthe entertainmentbusiness 6 Joealwayscheersme up wheneverI get depressed got as d ) ihe's lc 5 g u L ssuch o5rLtve d ULr d a ppositive attitude LULuue. . Visitingthe EiffelTowerwasthe mostexcitingpart of my trip to Paris highlight The to Pariswas visitingthe EiffelTower Most of my relativeswere in the entertainment b u s i n e ssso.: .5 a. I . -..' -. patient Youneedto beco-operative toplayfootball. her lemontart IS I had a really on the way over here. Usethe adjectives belowto makeup sentences. Tickthe correctpreposition.-... ldentifythe sportsin the pictures. in i at i i | | l r 1 : . T When thingsget difficultyou haveto focuson the s u m m i ta n d p i c t u r ey o u r s e lsf t a n d i n gt h e r e T h e n a n y t h i n gi s p o s s i b l e 8 It'sall aboutteamwork There's no pointin having the bestgoal-scorer in the leagueif the defence isn'tplaying well lf we'regoingto win a big match.. co-operative .I want to be the best. t ': 1 : I : . : t " " " " " 1 " 'i ': i L i n d ad i d n ' tt a k el o n gt o g e t u s e dt o h e rn e wj o b .. 53 . A run come second close hit B r a i no r s h i n e t h e w i n do u t o f o n e ' ss a i l s shave off one'sfeet theroad to none +-l-^ TqNE We'd better soon if we want to get thereon time Therewere so many customersin the shop that the salesassistants were 3 W h e nJ a n el o s th e rj o b ." ' . thenmakesentences usingthe phrases.thenusethe completed phrases to complete the sentences.-':._": !. 1 of I with .when b u s ho r a p o n d relaxingway to Yourmum makesthe bestdesserts."-. "".. 4 frustrating. i Complete the sentences with two to fivewords. 7 MatchcolumnA to columnB. including thewordsin bold.. thingswill get bettersoon towel Don't thingswill get bettersoon b. i l I find that I get more tired looking after the childrenthan I do workingin an office exhaustingI find lookingafter the childrena lot Youmustn'tgiveup. o p t i m i s tJi o ceisso uPtlllllsLlc JOel55o managesto cheerme up wheneverI . in an office M i c h a eJl o r d a nn.: Setdepressed Hewassentenced totwomonths in prison.a car nearlyran me overas I was crossing the road u.. asin theexample. asin the example. i t r e a l l y.

5 awar. In Thpv'vp dcridad tn aside Some moneyso that they can buya new car We . 10 \"-4- b. i n t o G o r d o na t t h e s h o p p i n g matl Itl Fillin the correctword. classico stars . b. natjonal r phone.. . p r a i s e8. .thenmakesentences using the ohrases.l) by Nick H o r n b ya n d2 ) J o h nC u s a c k Cusack's 3) . n. present . as would be expected.l ' d f e e l3 ) Haveyou 4) N o .. soundtrack.t h e n y o u can book tickets in advance by calling our box 8) on 0168 350 467 There will be s h o w i n g sa t 8 3 O p ma n d 11 O O p mo n b o t h S a t u r d a y a n dS u n d a y 'l) ) R l .Thereisan example beginning.Speaking ! .. . aprize.n e v e r B \ A / h . Lookat the picture andcomplete the dialogue. a Reading 14 a.l a ' < n l n i n n : -h-r. . 6 .._. .-. . Lookat the pictures andin pairsactout similar dialogues. screen. Readthe articleagain. WhatdoesTonydo?Whatkindof treasure do youthinkhe seeks? Readthe articleandcheck yourguesses. .n... Next weekend.goinoreorn. u p h i so w n b u s i n e swsh e n h e was 30 Many birdsfly south beforewinter .2 a n e l e c t i o n4. . office . Excellent4) from the whole cast and. performances .or you just want ro e n j o yi t o n t h e b i g 7 ) a g a i n . 1 We all went to the airport so that we could Joeoff p o l i c e 2 The c a u g h t h e b a n kr o b b e r s away from the sceneof the crime 3 John . smash_hit .is a recordshopowner who spendsmost of his time discussing lists of his favouriterecords lt is impossiblenot to enjoy this touching film.Choose from the sentences A-H the onewhichbestfitseach gap1-6. sporting . w e i g h t .. -o o i .7 living 54 e x p e r i e n c3e .UffiP A: B: A: B: 2) l f I w e r eh i m . c o n t r o l .This witty film is based on the best-selling. Fillin the missing verbsto complete the sentences. Lookat the title of the articleandthe picture. Rob.__* ..Seven sentences have beenremoved fromthe article. ma0tc 1 2 t o prize 3 .. message a 4 5 6 t un e s trick event anthem 12 Fillin:win. character 13 a.r.a fantastic 5) make High Fidelity a mooern 6) A: lf you missedit first time around. . a st n o r l s d o v o r r l i k e ? A 5 ) -"'-'-' ''''1" ------\. . novel . 1 . the Rex is giving you another opportunlty to catch HighFidelity.Thereisonesentence whichyoudo (0)at the not needto use.

actually. becausemost statuesfrom around that time were destroyedback in the 16th century.t h o u g h So. That's hke a lottery win! It's unbelievable!" Nothing as old or aswell-preservedhasbeen Fl-l found in Britain before. I got a huge surprise.The children think he is crazy. but we never realisedhe would use it as much ashe does!" Many of us find it difficult to understand how wandering around in a muddy field for hours on end can possiblybe enjoyable." he chuckles." However.n o m a t t e rw h a t t h e i r v a l u em i g h tb e The expertswho valuedTony'sfind." T:--'t------1 Tony McKenzie has a rather unusual hobby.T#ru&' T$€g Kffig&$ffiffitr ffitrffiKtrffi up. His great discoverywas a little figure of a horse which may be worth thousandsof pounds. packs some sandwichesand a flask of tea into a backpackand headsout to the fields behind his housewith his favourite toy . told him that it was a very precious12th centurystatuewhich had greathistorical importance Answerthe questions." Iaughs Carol. t-tl Then. but this hasn't stopped him from enjoying Saturdays and Sundayswith his metal detector. Mind you. Suddenly.but Tony saysthat there is nothing he would rather do. Tony took the statue to the British Museum in London. Tony has finally achieved everytreasureseeker'sdream and found somethingrather special buried in the ground." Tony immediately felt very excited and began digging in the damp earth. After years of uncovering worthless items. "I was in a field I'd never been to before. "I'll never forget the day I found my first piece of real treasure.a metal detector. I think the children will be more keen to keep Tony company on his weekend treasure hunts now that they've seen that they can be fruitfull" Tony doesn't think that he will ever find anything as amazing as the little horse again.000. 'l 2 How doesTonyfeelabout hishobby?Why? W h a t d o y o u t h i n k a b o u t h i s h o b b y ?H o w m u c h doesit matchyour personality? N a m es o m eo t h e ru n u s u ahl o b b i e s . 0 0 0w ." Will Tonybe taking the metal detector awaywith him? "No way!" saysCarol.I never imagined for a minute that it would be valued at over f60. half of the value goesto the person who found it. "When I scrapedoff the dirt. h i c hi ss t i l la b i g w i n d f a lflo r m e Even Tony's wildest dreams could not have p r e p a r ehdi m f o r t h e t r u t h . cleans. I didn't want to get my hopes A I e n d e du p w i t h a b o u tf 3 0 . because it gives me hours of pleasure. whateverthe weather Tony'schildrenusedto wish that their dad would g i v eu p h i ss t r a n g eh o b b y l ' d b e e ns e a r c h i nagl l d a y . he brings home. where historianswere amazedto seesuch a rare artefact in such good condition.but I will insist that we have a holiday from it for a while and spend some time together as a family." 6l-l i | I'll never give up my hobby . Every Saturday and Sunday. "We won't be teasinghim as much about his hobby anymore. T:T- II I | "He usually finds silly little things. I could see that it was a tiny horse. he gets up at six o'clock in the morning." sayshis wife Carol. 'I would have been overjoyed if the figure had been worth a hundred pounds or so. and the other half goesto the landowner.and keeps in a special box which he has in the garage." he says.i. What does Tony plan to do with his new-found wealth? "Well. but when he is out and about with his metal detector.b u t t h e o n l yt h i n g sl ' o managedto dig up werea few bitsof rubbish IJ I | "When I took it to the museum to have it valued. he saw a tiny metal shape. like tin cans and pieces of machinery. "It's not about money for me. I picked up a signal. Tony's family may now have to admit that his pastime is not quite so silly after all.he feels asthough nothing elsematters. The British Museum decided to purchasethe statuefrom Tony and displayit to the public. ll-J--l I'planning to buy Carol a new car and take tne?hdon a wonderful holiday. covered in mud. He doesn't like football or fishing." says Tony."smilesTony. but I felt sure it must be valuable. "Whatever he finds." he laughs.what kind of 'treasure'doesTonyfind on his e x p e d i t i o nt os t h e l o c a cl o u n t r y s i d e ? He spendseveryweekendsearchingfor buried treasure. 55 . "It was beautifully made and looked very old."When a piece of treasure is dug up on someone else'sland. You can't put a price on that!" G I j u s t l o v e f i n d i n gt h i n g s . I'm not as rich as you might think. "He had alwayswanted one.. just as I was about to give up and go home. "We bought him the metal detector for his fortieth birthday.

we describethe e v e n t i n m o r e d e t a i l . U s et h e p r o m p t st o a c t o u t a s i m i l a rd i a l o g u e .T--l tzt I Hmm let'shave a lookat you Yes.choose fromthelistA-F whichstatement applies to whichspeaker.c a t c h i n gh e a d l i n e I n t h e i n t r o d u c t i o n . r a n k l e/ s p r a i n eidt wrist/ fracturedit J o i n i nagC l u b 17 youhavea professional available for lessons? Andhowmuchdoesmembership cost? Andwhatdoesthatinclude? q#a€ Whenwe write a news report. . but there is an extra charcrefor lessonsYou can read about that in the brochure.yourown locker. . A m Now.e w r i t e people'scommentson the event and/oraction(s)to be taken The languagewe usein newsreportsis descriptive r n r i t h f r o n r r o n i r r < o n f t. Now usethe promptsto act out similar dialogues.we alwaysgiveit a short.t l Speaker Speaker Fl_-] ffi tr-rl Communication: AttheDocto/s 16 a. Fillin the missing sentences. .i n c l u d i n gi n f o r m a t i o na b o u t t h e i n c i d e n tasn dp e o p l ei n v o l v e dI n t h e c o n c l u s i o nw.Listening 15 Youwillhearfivepeople talkingaboutextreme sports. please? Receptionist: Well. MatchcolumnA to columnB. c l u d i npgo o la n d) a c u z z/ i t r a i n e r s/ ? e x t r ac h a r g ef o r t r a i n i n gs e s s i o n s \vAv t/ trLi tt ti nt Yn b. There is oneextraletterwhichvoudonotneedto use. read the dialogue aloud.w h i c h s u m m a r i s et sh e e v e n t . thenin pairs. 56 Bytheway.t h e ny o u ' l l comebackhere a n d l ' l lp u t y o u r arm in plasterfor you tiT_l E tt a I si t a b a db r e a k ? b O K T h a n ky o u doctor My arm hurtsterribly I t h i n kl ' v eb r o k e ni t O h .that'sa good idea 3) Neitherof us haveeverplayedgolf before Receptionist: We do have tutors. e y e .s a u n aa n dc a f e Man:2\ Receptionist: lt'sall in this brochureWhy don't you have a l o o ka n dt h i n ka b o u ti t ? Man:Thankyou. .thenin pairsact out thedialogue.p a s s r vveo r c e . Which speaker: A prefersnot to be part of a team? B h a sb e e ni n l u r e d ? C n o l o n g e rp a r t i c i p a t e s ? D h a sb e e nf i l m e dd o i n ga n extremesport? E l i k e st o e n t e rc o m n e t i t i o n s ? F onlyasksclosefriendsto be on t h e i rt e a m ? S p e a k e rFTI S p e a k e rt t | | Speaker t?a_-] t .w e g i v e i n f o r m a t i o na b o u t t h e t i m e .then What seemsto be the problem? t-.o. too Man:Grea|Thankyou for your help b . p l a c ea n d p e o p l ei n v o l v e d I n t h e m a i n b o d y . I thinkyou'reright W e c a n ' tb e s u r e untilwe get it Xr a y e dl ' l la s kt h e nurseto takeyou down to the X-ray room now W e l l . consistingof two or more paragraphs. t h e u s eo f t h e o t h e rf a c i l i t i essu c ha ss p a .h. Forspeakers paya joiningfee and then thereis a n a d d i t i o n aaln n u acl h a r g e Man:1) Receptionist: plus Dailyaccess to the club..a l r i g h tA n d w h a t will happenafter that? Man: Nello We'reinterested in joiningthe golf club Can you tell us what we haveto do. l o i ng y m/ p a yj o i n i n gf e e/ a d d i t i o n aml o n t h l yf e e/ a c c e s s t o a l lt h e e q u i p m e n it n.

:....was stunned when his numberscame (rl man was seriously injured in a collision at the | lA lll .":. 6 .. .OOO I in the NatiJnalLott. A|] Clive Warner.Apasser-bywho 3 LocalShopkeeper WinsLottery witnessed the accident said that the minibus had been 4 CleverBurglars Arrestedat Last . Road... was celebratinglast nrght after street lighting in the area was not up to standard and that lt.. 57.......Sll:.'.rr. :.'..l to have started when an making a quick recoveryat Riverton County Hospital._. a Headline Introduction (Paral) Whathappened? Whenand wheredid it happen? l MainBody (Paras2-3) 'WhatotherinJormationshouldyou tell the readeraboutthe incident/people involted? Conclusion (Para4) What commentsweremadeaboutthe incident?'What Jutureactionwill be taken? b.18asa model. most suitableheadline. Newton.i'. Underline report in Ex. $..l :t ''\ the f 5. a m i e H a r p e r . Youhave ff Youarea reporter been asked to write a news report for the missing ff inEx21.. ? headline ..:*aq.. '"' '''t" corner of Main Street and Green Road in Riverton late !:..Barton.. Direct/Reported Speech thereported speech inthenews 20 a. . ..-.. Thefirecouldhavebeenprevented. at yourlocalnewspaper. chargedwith dangerousdriving..7. Discuss & Write C PoorStreetLighting 22 .18.who runs Warner.. u p o n t n e s c r e e n..'j yr Warner. ' \ . at almost twice the legal speedlimit. "s a i d t h e policeman .ry dru* the council should expect more accidentsin future if they i1. ".:. :."4. e e l o n g i n gt o L a d y l C| | A d i a m o n dn e c k l a c b WrexhamManorwas recovered 1 yesterday Now read the news report again and choose the y o u n q two c h i l d r e nJ. were playingin a field near . gglg ] B I lA policeman at the scene commented that the . s a i dL a d yH a m i l t o n "Thesemen belongbehindbars Theyhavecaused a n u n b e l i e v a b laem o u n t o f d a m a g e . Headlines 21 Read theextracts fromthenewsreports andmatch themto theheadlines....t.".. r u b b i s h....whenthey uncovered " ttn.. A n a l y s i nag l V o d e l T e x t thenewsreportbelowandputthe 18 Read paragraphs inthecorrect order... lil --=-t-----ght at a factorYin DraYford' l) | lMr Morris was on his way to meet friends in a td Poundsworth of damage il1. - 1 FactoryGoesUp In Flames A I lTony Morris. s ound travellingintheoppositedirection..:.. set light to a Pileof achinerY driver of the minibus escapedunharmed.... restaurant when the accident happened. 34..::.000pieceof 'tr.\:". winningover f6O.'"':. Field -=-i----. 57 I . .sHardwarein did not make improvements. People should be muchmorecareful.-2.: i' Ftr[ii b.then rewritethe sentences as directspeech.. but has been p..:r.. . There isoneextraheadline whichyoudo notneedto use.s a i dM r sW i l l i s " l w o u l d l l k e t o g i v e t h e c h i l d r e na r e w a r d I t h o u g h tI w o u l dn e v e sr e em y c a ta g a i n".... 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Theboysare luckyto be alive Theybehavedvery " saidthe policeman bravely..r. a. . s a i dM i s s Carter "Thatnecklaceis worth a fortune I am so glad it w a sf o u n di n o n e p i e c e"."saidthe firefighter " l a m v e r yg r a t e f utlo t h e p o l i c ef o r a l l t h e i rh e l p T h e yh a v eb e e nw o n d e r f u"l .-. . .. Changethe directspeechbelow into reported speech.yesterdayevening..". The t*:. ..:....":'.-.t*. 19 I . t' "" '. ._ A Dangerous DriverInjured B Accidentat Mainand Green . Readthe rubricandanswer the questions in the plan.. was driving a blue Ford Escort 2 M i s s i n Jge w e l F rvhen he turned the corner and crashed into a mini6iiii :.l.':""':""'... Writea newsreportfor the missing headline in 120-180 wordsusingthe planandthe text in Ex..:::.. He is said to be $i..

.. .s i n t h e e x a m p l e . *" "'-t'. . 2 Crossout the oddword Replace the wordsin boldwith the wordsbelow... Namethreemorenewspaper sections. for romance. ending. Gemini:Nota #urff'cgffg caus€s severe '7 good day to makea ''. usethe headlines to askandanswer.t o I r VOte rWOrrY 1 flood: bank. .rain .:.Ll4tl''. 9 b 9 ' .: :.t.::.:. .won the FACup. damage to coaslal areas -i' in Hawaii. 4 Localresidentsforced to abandontheir homesas erupts on Montserrat.water2 volcano:eruption. :' Manchester do not mistakefriendship..^P -OrU..::.:: :. ! .'. . Thestorywas rathercomplicated and hardto follow 5 T h e f i l m w a s c e r t a i n l ys o m e t h i n gw e a l l l i k e d 5 Tickthe correctpreposition. .-.:l :. Whatsectionaretheyreading: entertainment? business? sports? localnews?horoscopes? international news? f - i.r' .then makesentences u s i n gt h e p h r a s e sa. 'ri '"'l:a.winds.... ::a b.. I ne recent Increase i n o i l p r i c e sh a sh a d negaliveeffecton the stockmarket t o B r e n t w o osdh o p p i n g centre..i"Organisation ::1.pile-up . meetingto discuss the .1' :. '':: will holda .'a.... A: Didyouhearaboutthehurricane inHawaii? B: :..... financialinvestmentYouwill ::. as in theexample. .'..a..river.:.motorway 3 caraccident: collide 4 arson:flamesfire waves smoke -L O..evacuation mountain ..a t t a a.TtE^ not r r<erl r valid t i oYan2nfla Willyouvoteformein themeeting? 58 "l for ..fff:#ffTniTfi:.:? Vocabulary a.:.i f h e W o r l dH e a l t h -.ri:. hearfrom an old friend.t:. La: "' t:t:... scriptr plot r enjoyable .:...Spread the News 3 a. j.whathappened? A: Thepapersaysit causedsevere damageto coastal areas...::.but ..t... Complete the headlines with the correctword 20 peoPle feared rnissing or dead after massive in LA. ^ ''.. i < n f i n h r . cast 1 The written versionof the film was excellent 2 T h ef i l m h a da p o o rf i n i s h 3 The people who acted in the film gave great performances %**r**r**"^-^*qw____ 4 b.: United ::r :.. Thepeoplebelowarereadingthe newspaper..:. .. In pairs.$.ll:: :..:.:. .

. ..b u t J i mi s g o i n gt o askLizto marryhim B : a l w o n ' t t e lal s o u l . the Internetwill providefor the needsof moreusersthan everbefore cater ln the future.Donot change the meaning of the originalsentence. download. on the other hand/side. than everbefore . . . . 6u1 . 10 Complete the sentences with two to fivewords. . vouch. the new layout 4 | alwaysreadthe morningpaperto keepup with the 5 ThewholestoryisverystrangeI think 5 8 Matchthe words in columnA to the words in columnB. I nJ u n e 2 The in StarWars wereamazing 3 l ' m a f r a i dy o u ' l jl u s t h a v et o . .he thinkshe can look/seedown his noseat the rest of us Circlethe correctresponse. b No problem 6 A : l ' m s o r r yl ' m s o l a t e B : a T e lm l e b No problem 7 A : W e ' l lm e e to u t s i d et h e c i n e m a B: a Okay. r np a y 5 We waited for over an hour but Janet never . valid 1 | don't know who to for in the next electton 2 H e rc h i l d r e n o u t t h e b e s ti n h e r 3 He takes his father Theyare both t a l e n t e dm u s i c i a n s 4 Management was forcedto take a . bring. compromise . including thewordin bold. A special latest get there'smoreto it on 1 He was offered a job at the local fast food restaurant. . then usethe expressions to complete the sentences. vote . really? .so herfatherhadto paythrough/inthe nosefor it 4 Shewas walkingpast the jeweller's shopwhen a s t u n n l n gd i a m o n db r a c e l ect a u g h t / g l i m p s ehde r My passportis only valid/correctfor ten years. showed. ears. . . . .up 6 This ticket is . so I can for hishonesty 1 0 W h e nl t o l d h i m a b o u tm y i d e at o s t a r ta b u s i n e s s .. . h e w a sa l l 5 A : D o n ' tt e l la n y o n eI t o l dy o u .so shewasstillwet behindthe eyes/ears 3 Sheinsisted on buyinga designer weddingdress.the Internetwill . but he turnedhisnoseup/down at it 2 She had only beenworkingat the hotel for two days.. .I wouldn'twant to be awayfrom m yc h i l d r e n 7 That was especially/undoubtedly the best film we'veeverseen 8 Just becausehe graduatedfrom university. for six matinee performances 7 | need to these files onto my laptop 8 The peacetalkswent on for three daysbeforea couldbe reached 9 | have known Bill for many years.. then I haveto get it renewed 6 | would likea job whichinvolves travelbut. 1 A: l'vegot the mostamazingnews l'vejust been accentedinto medicalschool! B: a Are you sure? b Really? That'swonderfull 2 A: You'llneverbelieve who cameroundyesterday! B: a Telm l e b I won't tell a soul B usedto than meetsthe eye the market new5 effects 1 T h en e w c o m p u t egr a m ew i l l b e . 1 Manyexpertssaythat electronic bookswill be usedmuchmorein thefuture predicting Experts more and more people will use electronic booksin the future 2 ln the future.6 Fillin the correctword 3 A : D i dy o u h e a rt h a t F r a n ki s m o v i n gt o C a n a d a ? B: a Are you sure? b That'sfine 4 A: Guesswhat! lt'sa holidaytomorrow so we don't haveschool B: a That'sfine b No.Seeyou there b That'sfine Where? 8 A : l ' m c a l l i n ga b o u tt h e p a r t yo n S a t u r d a y B: a GreatW ! h e r es h a lw l e go? b l'm sorryI can'tmakeit 9 7 Underlinethe correctword. after .

r<innc7 A B: A B: A B: A B: W h e r e1 ) I t m i g h tb e i n 2 ) W h a t3 ) I canseetrees Onetree4) H o wd i d i t 5 ) 6) Haveyou everexperienced 7) 8) FTI Ft-t organises manydifferentcircusshows at once? FTI performers? doesn'thaveprofessional ? ? m a r er u n f o r a g o o dc a u s e T l-7-1-l l o l I include c o m e d yi n t h e i rs h o w s ? tiT-tFTt hastouredthreedifferent continents? tgTl includes trained animals in itsshows? [=Of] hasencouraged othergroups to copyits success? tl={__l hasmusicspecially writtenfor itsshows? R2T_-] doesn't charge for entrance to thecircus? Ff-l 60 .. Readthe article again. come T h e yw i l l h a v e a way to solvethe problemsoon 4 T h e n u m b e ro f p e o p l ew o r k i n ga t t h e c o m p a n y h a sb e e nc u t i n h a l fs i n c eF e b r u a r y halved T h e n u m b e ro f p e o p l ew o r k i n ga t thecompany s i n c eF e b r u a r y 5 To many people. thinkof wordsrelated to the circus. yourlistto thatof anotherpair. Lookat the subheadings andthinkof two questions youwouldliketo askabouteach circus. Compare a.h i sm e a n s a new type of g a m e computer E l e c t r o npi cu b l i s h i nigs a n i n d u s t r tyh a t i s g r o w i n g veryfastat the moment booming Electronicpublishing a t t h e p r e s e nt ti m e W o u l dy o u l i k et o r e p l a c yeo u r n e w s p a p ewr i t h a computerscreen? e x c h a n g e W o u l dy o u l i k et o arrival Reading 2 anmnrrtor qrroenT 12 b. andcomplete 13 a. Lookat thepicture the dialoEue. b. Readthe articleandseeif voucan answer them.3 They will have to think of a way to solvethe p r o 0 l e m5 o o n .this meansthat a new type of rnmnrtpr n:me i < rrn. n r n g T om a n yp e o p l et. Lookat the picture andin pairsactout a similar dialogue.'.Forquestions 1-13. According to the articlewhichcircus(es): i n c l u d ecsu l t u r ael l e m e n tfsr o mi t s h o m e countryin its shows? ffi h a sb e e nr u n b y t h e s a m ef a m i l yf o r m a n y years? tlTl hasperformers whichcanbe hiredfor cnaai:l n.Whenmorethan oneansweris required. ln pairs. choosefromthe circuses A-D. Eachcircusmay be chosenmorethanonce. thesemaybe givenin anyorder. Speaking 11 a.

Sincethat humblebeginningin 1984.and the gravity defyingtricks of the high wire artists.and their other shows tour the US.and Barnumand Bailey The RinglingBros.the troop of eight performingelephants. "A child's natural need to laughcan get lost in the tangleof hospital procedures.Now.just a uniquemix of breathtakingacrobatics.And if all this isn't enough. They have also put on showsin US citiessuchas Bostonand Washinqton. 61 . and Barnumand Bailey circus is you would expecta circusto be.Audiences todayarejust as impressedas ever by Sara and her trainedtigers. They have three permanent crrcusesin speciallydesignedbuildings. A visit to the RinglingBros. as 'The the organisers describeit. with all the everything clowns.' In this programme. and now many traditionalEthiopian dancesand songs are includedin their routineqivino CircusEthiopiaits own uniquecircusstyle.This is hardlysurprisingsince the circus is a familybusinessthat datesback more than130years.almost30 million peoplehave enjoyedone of Cirquedu Soleil'soriginal and entertaining or party.the free Sundayshow has become a traditionin Ethiopra's capitaland can attractup to 5000 spectators. The organisation employsthe best composersand costume designers.the Big Appleclownstry to bringlaughterbackto is.As Christensensays.Marc La Chance.the foundersPaul Binderand MichaelChristensen are mosl proud of their 'Big Apple CircusClown Care Unit@.then there are the clownswho alwayshave the audienceroaringwith laughterat theircomedyroutines.which are supported by international charities. Asra and Europe. b. The Big Apple Circus The Big Apple Circusis a non-profitorganisation based in New Yorkand dedicatedto raisingmoneyand working with sick children. What's more.was a some acrobatics. Thousands of school childrenare involvedwith the circus.and performinganimalsthat you could imagine. A few ropes were tied togetherto form the ring and a car stereo providedthe sound.which allowsthem to earn an income.where they are providedwith food and tutors to make sure they don't missout on theireducation."With their shows. He came up with the idea of Circus Ethiopiaafter teachingsome childrenrn his neighbourhood basic circusskills. you can evenhire performers from the Big Apple Circusto perform at yourschool.and sincethen it has gonefrom strength to strength.The computerised lightand soundshow might be right up to date but otheraspectsof the show havehardlychanged at all for morethana century.This is not a traditionalcircusas there are no animalsinvolvedin the show. masterfuljugglingand impressivecontortionists.Ringling Bros.tumbling gymnastic displays.wantedto give the childrenthat he worked with a brighterfuture. GreatestShowOn Earth@.which includereo nose transplantsand chocolate milk transfusions.acrobats. CircusEthiopia The first show that CircusEthiopiaput on in Addis Ababa in 1991was a very simple affair. huge success.The shows that they put on have developed over the years.The organisation also puts on a specialshow each year for deaf and blind childrencalled 'Circus of the Senses@.the free show which was put on by a group of school children. After all. Todaythe companyorganisesup to eight shows at any one time all around the world.and Barnumand Baileycircus certainlymakesfor a nightto remember. Theyare alsoencouraged to teach at a crrcusschool. Cirque du Soleilstartedas a smallshow which touredeuebec in Canada.the idea has spreadand spreadand now nine other cities in Ethiopiahave their own versionof the circus.The circus organisesa traditional show undera big top in New york.' Cirquedu Soleil Cirquedu Soleilwas foundedby a groupof friendsin Canadain 1984.However.a Canadianteachingin Addis Ababa.' However.but due to its hugepopularity it has grown tremendously. and employs 2400 that each of the shows has its own dramaticmusical score and fantasticcostumeswhich bring peopleback to see the shows againand agarn. specially trained clowns entertain criticallyill childrenin twenty-one hospitalsaroundthe United States. Arethereanycircuses in yourcountry? Choose oneandtalkaboutit.two in Las Vegasand one in DisneyWorld in Florida.who performed jugglingand tight rope walking.Sincethen.

theDaily A C e r t a i n l sy i.e p l o t i n c h r o n o l o g i coarl d e r I n t h e t h i r d p a r a g r a p hw p l o t . Matchthe then. .then That's50 pence..we usually write four paragraphs In the first paragraph. the acting/directing/writing. the mainpointsof the or play. . characters.y o u ' l lh a v et o p a ya s m a l2l ) ? Alright How muchdo | 3) Letme pairs. please.Tf +r. setting.overdue. Do you haveanyTV magazines? haveboughtone lzT-l otr dearI knewI should yesterday then l'lltakea newspaper. aloud. Fillin the gapswith:duefine. Now usethe promptsbelow to act out o similar 15 dialogue. Now usethe promptsto act out o similar dialogue.etc In the name of the author/director. [Tl Recommendation information ETI gackground l:T_-]vain pointsof plot lZTl ceneralcomments . he has accident the notes. b a c ko n t h e 2 7 t h R i g h tT h i so n ei s4 ) of this month T h a n ky o u Atthenewsaqent's Communtcation: o .i 1-' .1 .. then. fl Excuse me. if that'sanyuse D . lSTl On.r W h i c ho n ew o u l dy o u l i k e ? B No. exchanges."t':.we summarise .readthedialogue lVineStreet. m a in g e n e r a l o n t h e c o m m e n t s u s u a l l yi n c l u d e in the etc Finally.owe. Occupation of Witness At the time of the accidenthe was 3 S a wt o u r b u sp u l l i n go u t o f Sawredcarspeeding A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Redcarcrashedinto Driverof redcar F at the b u sd r i v e r to Witnessis prepared to makea statement Policecancallwitness 9 Hello l'm returningthesebooks a bit 1) R i g h tO h d e a rT h e y ' r e I know I was on holidayand I forgot about them W e l l . a.please D Well.Fourbooks.we write our recommendation. complete NameofWitness: W .forgotaboutthem/ two videosf6 / takethisvideoout / due backin a week Writinga rcvicw -"+F.ess: Aooressotvvltn lll 16 a.At the library Lrsrenrn9 aboutan 14 \.that'll be f2 OK Hereyou are And l'd liketo take this book out.. videos/ was ill. in pairs. positive last paragraph. l'm sorryWe'vesoldout c Hereyou are.llistento a manmakinga statement just questions 1-9 For witnessed. we summarise b a c k g r o u n di n f o r m a t i o ns u c h a s t h e t i t l e . ..there'sa W guidein mostof the newspapers..really? Mailwillbefine lZT-l or'. : Whenwe write a reviewof a book. puzzlebooks/ Crosswords in someof Crossword / Takea Break/ 60 pence the magazines 62 ' Analysr ng a ModelText 17 to Readthe bookreviewandmatchthe paragraphs the topics. type.readthe dialogue aloud.

announcesthat the excitingbut dangerousTriwizardTournament.This thrilling book is about Harry Potter. Readthe rubricbelowand answerthe questions in theplan. Thecastisexcellent .are so believablethat you will feel as thoughyou are at Harry'ssideas he experiences greateradventuresthan ever before. Lookat thelistbelow.Albus Dumbledore. Don't missit! 2 G h o s tT r a i n( T h r i l l e*r*) * 3 C h a i no f F o o l s( C o m e d y*)* 4 S t a rW a r s( S c i e n cFei c t i o n*)* * ** 5 TheStoryof Us(Romance) * 6 FearCity(Horror) . iil write yourreview. ..Thisyear. Yourteacherhasaskedyouto writea reviewabouta . . wonderful . I highly/thorough r el yc o m m e nidt ' It'sboundto be a box-officehit " l t i sa h i g h l ye n t e r t a i n i nr ge a d o lt'sa boreto read (Para3) b. T h ef i l m i sf u l lo f b r e a t h t a k i nsgc e n e s . nice.there is a new interestfor the students. 1 D r D o l i t t l e( C o m e d y*)* * Dr Dolittleisa fantasticcomedy.givinga briefsummary of the plot i andsaying whyyouthinkothersmightenjoyit.v i!{.filmyou haverecently seenfor yourschoolmagazrne.Harry hasto take part. Headmaster. and is the fourth book in the famousHarry potterseries.youcanuse the planandthe reviewin Ex. superb. Don't miss the chance to read this fascinating E and imaginativestory.the teenagewizard. dull . from the funny to the frightening. o Thefilm is directedby M a i n P o i n t so f t h e p l o t n Thestoryconcerns/is abouVbegins n T h ep l o t i s( r a t h e rb) o r i n g / t h r r l l i n g u Theplot hasan unexpected twist G e n e r aC l omments o It is beautifully/poorly/ badlywritten c Thescriptis dull/exciting .17asa model. Theheroof the storyis playedby . fine .Its rangeof characters..18ato write a positiveor negative recommendation for the followingfilms. Usethe adjectivesfrom Ex..i.a series of tasksfor three chosenwizardsto complete. Conclusion (Para4) Recommendatron W h yd i d y o u l i h t t h ef i l m ? Wouldyou recommend it to otherpeople? 63 .will take placeat Hogwarts. b. lts plot is guaranteedto keepyou turning the pages.19aand phrases from Ex.Harry Potter and the Coblet of Fire hasto be readto be believed! Whichphrases referto 18 a. Writeyourreviewin 120-180 words. Discuss & Write 20 a. is an excellent story which takes place in Britain.'17againand replacethe phrasesin bold with appropriatephrasesfrom the list. Thefilm/bookis set in o Thefilm/booktellsthe storyof o Thebook/novel waswrittenby o lt is a comedy/horror film/lovestory . b. fantastic r pleasant .19 a. The book is well-written. marvellous ' unexciting o uninteresting @ tlarry Potter and the Cobtet of Fire. Usethe adjectives belowto complete the table. by lK Rowling. Readthe reviewin Ex. ..with realisticand tr entertainingdialogue. brilliant . eventhough it may meanriskinghis life. books? films? both? Background ." }J-r "-- lntroduction (Paral) Backgroundinformati on W h a ti s t h e t i t l e o f t h eJ i l n ? Who plays tht heroof the story? What type of filn is it? Whereis it set? M ainBody (Pam 2) Main points of the plot How doesthe storybegin? Who are the leadingcharacters? W h a to r et h em o s ti m p o r t d n p t o i n t so Jt h e story? GeneralCommenrs Whot canlou sa)tabotttthe castlspeciol efJects/scenes? Recommendation o D o n ' tm i s si t l t i sw e l lw o r t hs e e i n g o I w o u l d n ' tr e c o m m e nidt b e c a u s e . @ fne magic begins as Harry is about to return to Hogwarts school for his fourth year of educationas a wizard. g a i nw i t h t h e p r e s e nst i m p l e .lately.repeatedand habitualactionsHeplaystennistwiceaweek. for fixedarrangements in the nearfuture l'mgoingtothedentisttomorrow.e E= L=E-#= Presen Sti m p l e We usethe presentsimple: a a a a a for permanentstates Tomworksfora construction company. with adverbssuchas alwaysto expressangeror irritationat a repeatedaclton You'realwaysforgettingtoclose thedoor. on Fridays etc Present Continuous We usethe presentcontinuous: .thisweek/monthetc.Thesunsetsin thewest. present. Timeexpressions usedwith the presentcontinuous: now. how long. for sportingcommentaries.since.always. . I'm nevergoingcampingwithyouagain (NOT@in.tonightetc Note: . in the morning/afternoon/evening. f o r a n a c t i o nt h a t h a p p e n eadt a n u n s t a t e tdi m e i n t h e p a s t T h ee m p h a s i s o n t h e a c t i o nT h et i m et h a t i t occurredis unimportantor unknown I haveonlyvisited Portugal once. Timeexpressions usedwith the presentsimple: usually. . .nowadays.) .etc I far. . for generaltruthsand lawsof nature. for. Always+ presentsimple r " everytime" I alwayshovebreakfast beforeI go to work. often.(When?Unstatedtime ) Timeexpressions usedwith the presentperfect: just.already.know.(l'vealreadybookedanappointment. still(in negations)."too/veryoften" You'realwayscomploining! r W e c a n n o tu s en e v e r. Always+ presentcontinuous+ "all the time" . .thesedays. for an actionwhichstartedin the pastand continuesup to the present.We'regoingtherefor for a recentlycompletedactionwhoseresultisvisiblein the present AnewFrenchrestauranthasjustopenedin BridgeStreet. for currentlychangingand developing situationsThenumberof burglariesisincreasing.) Present Perfect We use the presentperfect: .today. still.recently. the moment.never. foractionstakingplaceatoraroundthemomentofspe Tai nkai ni sgd o i n g h e r h o m e w o r k a t t h e m o m e n t . at nighVtheweekend. . etc 64 . for dailyroutines. . reviewsand narrationsGerrardinterceptsandpassesittoHeskey. for ti metablesand programmes Thefirstflight to London Ieavesat 9 am.especially with stativeverbssuchas be.everyday/week/month/year etc.

e n j o y .recently Note: ' alreadyis usedin statements afterthe auxiliary verband in questions afterthe mainverb I havealreadyfinished.taste. s t i l li s u s e d i n s t a t e m e n t s a n d q u e s t i o n s a f t e r t h e a u x i l i a r y v e r b o r b e f o r e t h e m a i n v e r b I a m s t ip l ta i n t i n g t h e house'Hestilllivesin HongKong 65 .wish. to express anger.cost.or annoyan ce Theyhovebeenlistening to thatloudmusic all long.hear. v e r b s w h i c h e x p r e s s l i k e s a n d d i s l i k e sl o( vl i ek . look.still comesbeforethe auxiliaryverb rn negatrons shestil hasn.lately.and so they do not havea contrnuous tense Theseverbsare: ' ' ' ' verbsof the senses(see. want.Shehasn. Note:with the verbslive. e c h i l d r e n e n j o y r e a d i n g and someotherverbs(be.irritation.t canhear the trainapproaching. especiallywith wordsand expressions suchas for. for repeatedactionsin the pastcontinuingto the presentI have been takingspanishlessons at niqhtschool. a t e .all morning/day/yearetc Theboyshavebeenplaying footballforhours. keep etc) ThatcarbelongstoJoe.include. have.# ffirmffi}ffiffitr 3= #= Present Perfect Contin uous We usethe presentperfectcontinuous: o ' o n t o p u t e m p h a s iosn t h e d u r a t i o no f a n a c t i o nw h i c h s t a r t e di n t h e p a s ta n d c o n t i n u eusp t o t h e p r e s e n t .eh. f o r a n a c t i o nw h i c hs t a r t e di n t h e p a s ta n dw h i c hl a s t e df o r s o m et i m e T h ea c t i o nm a ys t i l lb e c o n t r n u i nogr havefinishedalreadywith the resultvrsiblein the present Ken hasbeenworkinghardall week. Stative Verbs stativeverbsare verbswhich describea stateratherthan an action.tfinished herhomework. sound erc). teachand feel we can usethe presentperfect or the presentperfect continuous with no difference in meaningHehastaught/hasbeenteachingattheschool formorethan twenryyears Timeexpressions usedwith the presentperfectcontinuous: for. lunderstand whatvouare saytng. need.understand. verbsof perception (know believe. Haveyou finishedalready? ' ' yet is usedin negativesentences aftera negativecontracted auxiliary verbor at the end of the sentence Shehasn'tyet finishedthereport.remember.forget etc).contain. feel. p r e f e r e t cT)h.realise.belong. weigh. own. since.matter.tfinishedthereportyet.

(= he rsattaching) (= vvg3t.(= I believe) pool.There Thisblousefeels likesilk. o feel (= experrence a particular emotion).(= hs ischecking/ I canseeyourhousefromhere.or Youarelookingwonderfultoday. Weareappearingat CentralParknextweekend.(= they havea nicesmell) Sheappearsto beveryangry.*u':.(= I usemy eyes) I seewhatyou mean(= | understand) examining) (= areyou meeting?) Areyouseeingthedentisttomorrow? You're isno onethere.hurt and achecan Theverbslook (whenwe referto sb'sappearance). w i t h n o i n m e a n i n g difference b e u s e di n t h e c o n t i n u o uosr t h e s i m p l et e n s e s Youlookwonderfultoday.(= you are seeingthings. (= they arethe rightsize) Theseshoesfitneperfectly. P r e o o s i t i oonf P s lace r sn i c hd e s c br e w h e e s o m e [ h i nogr s o m e o n ies T h e s ep r e p o s i t i o rasr e : P r e p o s i t i o nosf P l a c ea " ep r e p o s i t i o w '#s* .permanentstate) (= character Sheis verypatient.(= it hasthe textureof) (= it hasa delicious flavour) Thischickentastesdelicious. I thinkit'sa wonderful film. Shefeelssick.(= she is Louch Thechefis tastingthesoupto seerfit isalright(= he is imagining) testingthe flavour) These flowers smellnice. performing) Note: n tensesto express a specificpreference Theverbenjoycan be usedin continuous (general (specific going preference) preference) BUf I enjoy sailrng lh enjoyingthisfilma lot. Peterisfittingnewlocks on all thedoors. * .-. themselves) (= sheappearsto be) Yourmotherlooksverytired Thearchitect islookingat thep/ans.(= they possess) Theyhave(got)a swimming Heis beingverygood.or Shersfeelinqsick.(= sheseemsto be) (= sheis sniffing) She's smellingtheroses.:-' "-"-*-: in/inside outside below 66 behind nextto/by/beside opposite through uncter in front of a00ve along between . ing) Mum isfeelingTim'sforehead.(= he is behaving) g) l'm thinking ofbuyinga newhouse.(= l'm considerin (= they areenjoying They're havinga wonderful holrday.r|lffir c* #=# tenseswhen they describe actionsratherthan states Someof theseverbsareusedin continuous PresentContinuous PresentSimple .

but | 8) . H e h a sb e e nl i v i n g / i sl i v i n gi n L o n d o na l l h i sl i f e . tomorrow? t h e l i v i n gr o o m . work . study r P l 6 Yr r e a d . A: | 9) . 1 A : Wherehaveyou been?| (stand)herefor an hour B : l ' m s o r r yI ' m n o t u s u a l ltyh i sl a t e 2 A Why areyou in sucha hurry? B : Because my train (leave)in ten minutes You .doeshe? How longhaveyou beenwaiting/youwaited for him? | am going/goto the gym thisafternoon.but I (always/give) them backt 4 A lsJane (still/look)for a job? B : Yes. 2 Shewants/iswanting to decoratethe kitchentnts Putthe verbsin brackets intothe correctpresent tense. . A: We 7) . ( o i n ) h i sf a m i l y (move)to Africa . . how 4) . (visit)Sally .I can't | 2) at the petrol stationon Saturday afternoons A: What 3) . (have) dinner at G i a n n i 'tso n i g h tw o u l dy o u l i k et o c o m e ? B: Sorry. (not/understand)this c o u r s ea t a l l . do . WCCK 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 2 . B : oK. A: We1) footballlater. .Havethey. The Webbershave bought/havebeen buying a new housein the countrv Completethe dialoguesusingthe verbsbelow in either the presentsimpleor the presentcontinuous tense. l t 1 0 ) (be) reallydifficult B: Why 11) (you/not/ask) for help? .oK| 7) A: 5o.unfortunately. as in theexample. . (work)here lTTdl James (9o) He Cornwall l2T_l every summer you [:T_-] t (noVsee) lZT_l lt (rain) ETI We(only/wait) lGT__loiane(not/visit)us I Lookat the picture thenaskandanswer usingthe prompts..i ' ? . come .. 4 1 Vicky looks/is looking for a new flat at the moment. she (not/find)oneyet 5 A : What'sthe matter? B: . B: | 4) 5) (think)aboutmoving B: | 2) (know) he 3) (not like) the place he's living in moment. 6 Putthe verbsin brackets intothe correcttense..Underlinethe correcttense.R o g e 5 r) and they 6) buy/new home putdown/carpets move/furniture unpack/crockery A: Havetheyboughta newhome? for you B: Yes. o . a Paul'spartylast month b c d e f shegot hernewjob a few minutes thelastthreemonths hewasa youngboy hours /-d Jameshas beenworkingherefor the lastthree months. i t i n m y E n g l i schl a s s Matchthe columns andthen usefor/sinceto write complete sentences by puttingthe verbin brackets intothe correcttense. (always/borrow)my clothesI B : Yes. . end)? B : I n t h e e n d . A : What 8) B : Macbeth | 9) 10) 3 (the story/ . theyhave. (lose)my keys 67 . Macbethand we . like . Stevethinks/isthinkingabout buyinga new car Sarahhas worked/isworking there for a couple of yearsnow Kellygoes/isgoing to Romeeveryyear Theplaystarts/hasstartedat nineo'clock.etc t:: l. A: Phil1) house.would you l i k et o c o m e ? B: Sorry. w a i t . decorate.. t h i n k . I i t w i l lt a k ea l ld a y A : Hurryup! We 6) .

:t. relaxed .== ci:: E=l=#j 6 7 8 A B: A B: A B: 9 A: B: Why'sTimwet) (wash)the car He. 6B 09:0a breakfast meetingwith A. ln pairsaskandanswer. hored. i". b e c a u steh e p l a y (start)at 7:30 1 0 A : l s M r S a u n d e rsst i l lh e r e ? B: Yes He y o u f o r o v e ra n h o u r ! I Lookat the weekendactivities andmaketrue sentences aboutyoursellasin the example..dl-' 7 Lookat the pictures.He is havinga meetingwith the personnel manager.lrioppng ': .d@renFaffiffifr (personnel manager) 10:00 i@(Tuesday afternoon) posruon 11:00 interview applicants forsales 12:00 lunchwithwifeandmotheiln-law (Wednesday 13:A0 morning) | 4:00 seedentist(GP) reade-mail(10:00) @ | 6:00 meettng withdesigndepartment | 7:A0 flay squashwithJg{ryGatph) 1 A: ls Paulhavinga breakfast meetingwith the department managers at 9:00? B: No.she h e rs o n gf o r t h e s c h o opl l a ya l la f t e r n o oIn D i dy o us e eh o w m u c hJ i ma t ea t l u n c h ? I know. asin the example. playing uitar gotothebeach I sometimes at theweekend. 9 Lookat the changes in Paul's diaryfor Monday.. . srrpssed .l((iyr. tired . askandanswer asin theexample.el...-YY/ g. . W h a t ' st h a t t e r r i b l en o i s e ? (rehearse) It'sJane.usethe adjectives questions.1.'-Jiad.-*l never I x**** '' a I rarely sometimes often usuaily always (wait)to see . I thinksheishaving at work.ii**" iili"" i^ ' !... MondayNovember 4 3 4 5 6 8 9 A: Howdoes Simone feel? problems B: She feels stressed.I (never/see)anyone eat a whole chicken before! W h a tt i m es h a l Il p i c ky o u u p ? A r o u n d7 . to In pairs.-pbt ba. hannv . with friends .he isn't.

asintheexample.nextto theflowers. How ore you?I l) . 13 Cross 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Jameshasbeenworkedherefor morethan a year Thebookshopis overtherenearto the bakery | believe what shedoessays S h eh a sb e e nt o l i v i n gi n L o n d o nf o r t h e l a s tt w o years We haven'tbeento that restaurant for sincea long time L a u r ai s b e e n v i s i t i n gh e r g r a n d p a r e n tast t h e weeKeno Sallyhasfounda beautifulnew flat yet W h a ta r ey o u b e d o i n gt o m o r r o wn i g h t ? 69 . We 9) (notldo) much srghtseeingyeq but tomorrowwe | 0) (go) on o trip round the islond. . (hove) a greot time. They 5) (spend) most of the doy by the seo. Right now they 5) (build) o sondcostle.They John. ot:. I U S eO T-F"nv n " -l't s n 11 Fillin goneto.. a - l . (come) forward bock on I 5th August. "t. thenin pairs makeupas 12 Lookat thepictures.7) 8) (go) ftshingolmosteverydoy.. Hope you are OK. Deor Ann. It's very hot here.beentoor beenin. :i\ . Love. Suson A Thetableisin frontof thesofa..+ :f= li=== 1 0 Readthe postcardandput theverbsin brackets intothe correcttense. mognificent.We I I) . Error Correction 2 5 4 5 6 7 8 Tony has the post office to 0 u y s o m es t a m p sH e ' l lb e b a c ks o o n Louisehasnever Spainbefore I h a v e n ' st e e nM i k ea l l w e e k H e ' s NewYorkon business lt's the first time that l've r e s t a u r a nbtu t l ' l ld e f i n i t e lbye c o m i n gb a c ka g a i n | thought MissStephens was in her office Do you know whereshe's Haveyou t h e n e w c i n e m ay e t ? Sorry I couldn't call you back earlier a meetingall afternoon We've J i m ' sf l a t t w i c e s i n c eh e move0In outtheincorrect wordineach sentence. (write) to you The hotel 2) (b. manysentences aspossible foreachoneusing prepositions of place. Seeyou soon.) from lomoica.= .. (look to) it We 12) . Thelampisonthewall. (So) fishingwithTim.We 3) (get) o greattonlThe kids4) . "*i.

**:r:. I lastphonedJoea coupleof weeksago be .lwtye**:*a*r.|llilt EffiU5* ' WordFormation -al: (nation + national) -ic: (artist ) arti stic) -ous: (fame--+famous) -y'.r?ri.+ uut i+ tt may . It'sa large northof the country city in the INDUSTRY I d i d n ' tl i k et h e f o o d .:8ae. including the wordin bold. In eachcasethe secondsentencehas a similarmeaningto the firstsentence. I lastwentshopping threeweeksago "4'*trxxr:. Completethe sentences with two to fivewords. .^-. BEAUTY young The dentistpromisedthat the whole procedure would be completely $ PAIN 1 ' l He's a .t. KeyWordTransformations )y: (day : i6ily1 -ful: (peace--+peaceful) -less:(hope--+hopeless) -ive: (effect + effective) Thesuffixes-ful..*y?*ii&aattst*. looking Eveis still lookingfor a new flat .. 1 Jason isstillwritinothatreoort Jumpinginto the riverto savethe younggirlwas sucha t h i n gt o d o White-water rafting to argue with him He alwaysdoeswhat he wants anyway SUCCESS POINT Whendid you movehouse? ago How you movehouse? Cathystartedlearningltalianfiveyearsago. I haven'ttalkedto him for a week since lt'sa week him.(thirst t thirsty) . newspaper yourlivingroom? Whendid you redecorate yourliving ago How long ago did you redecorate room? SALT I haven'tbeenshoppingfor threeweeks local WEEK last .- ^l-^ finished EXPENSE t) dt)u HERO vcty '10 a coupleof weeks .*7#. Shehasn'ttidiedherroomsinceMonday last She Monday 70 ti i 1 Evehasn'tfounda new flat yet.ti'i. been Cathy fiveyears Tomalwaysgetsto work on time late Tom for work. : .iai. {.a4@ Jane is such an person. 2 Paulstartedworkingheretwo yearsago been Paulhasbeenworking herefor two years 3 | havenevervisitedGermanybefore first This is the first time I have ever visited Germany 4 lt's morethan a monthsinceI saw her seen I haven'tseenher for morethan a month Formthe correctadjective fromthe wordin bold. living She in New Yorkfor four years DANGER exgiting Shewasa woman Jason writingthat reportyet.teF.I t h o u g h ti t w a s a bit too Sam always buys the .. lawyer Everyone in town knowshim 12 It's Shernovedto NewYorkfour yearsago.Do not changethe meaning of the originalsentence.she'salwaysrunningaround d o i n gs o m e t h i n g ENERGY Followinga diet and gettingplentyof exercise is the best way to loseweight HEALTH He reallywantedto buythe carbut it was too 15 L.*x#. -lessand -ive can be addedto both nounsand verbsto form adiectives 14 Studythe examples.

. theynoticea balconyin the far corner12) offersa magnificent view of the waterfallThe g r o u n df l o o r 1 3 ) c o n t a r nas d i n i n ga r e a and fireplace.u t Fallingwater.B. n t r ahl e a t i n go r a h o m es e c u r i tsyy s t e m S o .. ) r e n o v a t i n gM a n yf a m i l i e sn o w a d a yas r e f i n d i n gt h a t t h e i r h o m e sa r e too 3) Whether they 4) a secondbathroom.. (0)at the beginning.o v e r n m e nzto n i n gr e g u l a t i o nos r.s e a c h f l o o r o f t h e b u i l d i n gh a s 9) own supportsystemThe front door of t h e h o u s ei s s e t b a c k1 0 ) t h e o u t e rw a l l As 11) a s v i s i t o rw s a l kt h r o u g ht h i sd o o r ."^^-^L D Pur PU)c) C own D C frnd D C buy D C old D C over D C soon D C build D L 0 0 D C punching D C C C C C yourself remember expensive use wanting s o your d o cramped need needing findings only attempt borrow added for well fix take falling 71 .'/4 ??s.:l ArchitectFrank Lloyd Wright 0) ft+: designed s e v e r aul n u s u aal n d e y e .. n d t h e h e a v i e s te c t i o ni s a c t u a l lby u i l to n s o l i dg r o u n d 7) thoughthe front sectionof the house hangs8) the water.very rarelygo down.4ultiple Cloze Readthe text belowandthinkof the wordwhichbestfrtseachsoace. in Pennsylvania.for the mostpart.financialThecost o f b u y i n ga n e w h o m ea n d t h e p r o b l e mosf m o v i n gh o u s ea r ee n o u g h to makeanybodythink twice beforedecidingto relocate Renovating a l l o w sy o u t o s t a yi n y o u r o w n n e i g h b o u r h o oadn d i n y o u r 7 ) h o m ew h i l em a k i n gi t m o r ep r a c t i c aaln dc o m f o r t a b lteo l i v ei n A l t h o u g h i t i s t e m p t i n gt o 8 ) and do the renovations yoursef.+ :-==:ij:i:= ' O p e nC l o z e 16 Choice " \.: | .. which is about 5) fall into the stream below However.thencirclethe answerA.c a t c h i nbgu i l d i n g sb.tft1..the structuremay look a little brt 4) a pile of concreLb elocks. ' g r a n n yf l a t ' o r j u s t m o r e storage s p a c e1..a lot of peopleare 5) to r e n o v a tteh e i rh o m e si n s t e a d o f b u y i n gs o m e t h i n bg i g g e r The6) for thistrendare. .11::. h o w t h e s er e n o v a t i o nmsi g h ta f f e c ta n y1 0 ) c h a n g eyso u m i g h tw a n t t o m a k e A p r o f e s s i o nwaill l a l s ob e a b l et o h e l py o u w o r k w i t h i ny o u r you11) b u d g e ta n da d v i s e i n s u r a n cree q u i r e m e n t s A n o t h e ra d v a n t a goef r e n o v a t i nigs t h a t w h i l et h e w o r k i s g o i n go n y o u c a n u p g r a d e y o u r p l u m b i n g a n d e l e c t r i c acl o n n e c t i o n sa s 12) a sa d d i n gi n s u l a t i o nl t ' sa l s oa g o o dt r m et o 1 3 ) alr c o n d i t i o n i n is in no dangerof c o l l a p s i n ga.. s u c ha s s u p p o r t i n sgt r u c t u r e sg . 4 ) a g o o dl o o ka r o u n dy o u rh o u s et..:. 17 Readthe text below. Use onlyonewordin eachspace.the house is a lot safer 6) it looks The large stone slabsare s e c u r e l ya n c h o r e dt o t h e h r l l s i d ea. it is alwaysa good ideato 9) a professionalTherewill b e t h i n g sy o u h a v e n ' t h o u g h ta b o u t o r l u s t m i g h t n o t b e a w a r eo f .1. aswell ascomfortable placesto sit 14) admire the spectacularscenery s u r r o u n d i nt g h e h o u s eF a l l i n g w a t iesrt h e e n v y t arrary*7t?/t?.:.. it isevenmoreamazing At 3) glance.h e s o l u t i o n y o ui n t h e f a c e m i g h tb e 1 5 ) 0 A such 1 A oneself 2 A consider ? A cosy 4 A have 5 A thinking 6 A reasons 7 A real 8 A make 9 A hire 1 0 A past 11 A o n t z A long 1 3 A input 1 4 A make 1 5 A seeing f: like themselves think spacrous buy B B B B B ehnn<inn B m e a nnr9 5 ts n e w B try P rent B fut ure E to B much B install B rry B staring D D D D D D f ^.... so if you find 1) i n a p o s i t i o nw h e r ey o u n e e dm o r el i v i n gs p a c e2.Cor D which bestfitseachspace.0) ririg taxes.w h e t h e ry o u w a n t a ' h o m eo f f i c e ' a .:. Thereisan example Renovating Yourhouse Houseprices.W. Thereisan (0)at thebeginning. USA.more storagespaceor an extra bedroom..:'. example ' :a":' ::' i'.. is probably oneof 1) m o s ta m a z i n gd e s i g n sW h e n y o u t a k e i n t o c o n s i d e r a t i ot hna t t h i s b u i l d r n g '1 wasbuilt2) 936 when the architectwas nearlyseventy yearsold.

JohnandSarah weredrinkingcoffeeon thebalcony.Lizwasmakingbreakfast in thekitchenwhile. t o d e s c r i b e t h e a t m o s p h e r e . PastPerfect . s e t t i n g e t c a n d t o g i v e b a c k g r o u n d i n f o r m a t iW o nhteonalswt o rkye u p l f o u n d thesunwasshiningand thetemperature wasrisingfast. . for an actionwhichwas in progress at a statedtime in the past We don't mentionwhen the actionstartedor finishedAt 8 o'clockthis morninglwasgettinEreadyforwork. .ffi?ffifr' &T38^3%ffi W e u s et h e p a s tc o n t i n u o u s : ' . f o r a n a c t i o nw h i c hw a si n p r o g r e swsh e na n o t h e ar c t i o ni n t e r r u p t eidt W e u s et h e p a s tc o n t i n u o ufso r t h e (longeraction)and the pastsimplefor the actionwhich interruptedit (shorteraction)They actionin progress werewalkingto thestationwhentheysawtheaccident for two or moresimultaneous actionsin the past Thechildrenwereplayinginthegardenwhiletheirmotherwas trimmingthehedges.

&ffir*gffiffiffir &mffi%ffi . WhenI wasyounger. He plannedto openhisown restaurant . until9 o'clock Lynand I arrangedto go to the cinema b We had beentalkingabout seeingthe latest EthanHawkefilm c Unfortunately. I wentto Waleson holidayeveryyear. Foreachperson. >l -l I first met Tony H ew a sw o r k i n gi n a n l t a l i a nr e s t a u r a n t H eh a dd r e a m e o d f b e i n ga c h e f . b y t h e t i m e h e w a s3 0 . . .i l. 1 o at the time o sincehe was a youngboy . eachexpression onlyonce. by the time shearrived. b H ew a sd r i v i n gh o m e becauseit had c The roadswereverydangerous b e e ns n o w t n g how slipperyit was d Hesaidhe didn't realise .Use usingthe timeexpressions complete eachof the sentences Tony.l.. for hours .Lyn.. for ages .SteveandSally. I n s u c hc a s e u s s e dt o c a nb e r e p l a c ebdy t h e p a s ts i m p l ew i t h n o c h a n g ei n m e a n i n g I usedto go to Waleson holidayeveryyear. a b o u ts i xm o n t h sa g o a b c d J_ = 1. a Stevecrashedhiscarinto a wall . when shewasyounger.l l We use usedto + infinitiveto refer to past habits or states. given. WhenI wasyounger... her busdidn'tarrive d T h ef i l m h a da l r e a dsyt a r t e d. lastweek a b c d I saw Sallyat the gym S h es a i ds h eh a db e e ng o i n g. Sheusedto be veryactive . . a coupleof timesa week .. a coupleof daysago . lt wasgoodto seeherandwe talked 73 .

work/in my office.asin the example.r e a da b o o k .loyce WhenthelntercityFerry rrn<hpd infn fhp nipr Alr waslooking at the Johnson water.| b a dc o l da l lw e e k 8 9 6 A : l ' m r e a l l yh a p p yT o mg o t t h a tj o b ( l o o k )f o r a g e s B : I know. r look r climb.p u l lo v e r.wave/myflag Presidential Palace the fire broke out .w a i t ro srop A: Whatwereyou doingwhentherainstarted? B: lwasdrivingto Munich. 5 Underline word.r rr n o r r f s i dteo h e l o the President arrived .J e n n y (still/get)readyat 9 o'clock '1 the film at 1 o'clock? B : N o . readr holdo wofk .d r i v et o M u n i c TV/livingroom .w e (not/ live)hereverylongat the time 6 (you/be)ill lastweek? (have)a really 5 A: B: Yes. On my firstdayat to/ emergency exit .she n i g h tf o r t h e e x a m ( y o u / m e e tP) h i l ? 4 A: When B : A c o u p l eo f y e a r sa g o .w h i l eI W h e nI w a sa y o u n gc h i l d I.s h e 3 A : 5 u el o o k e dr e a l l yt i r e dy e s t e r d adyi. (finish)by then Completethe sentences about yourself.d n ' ts h e ? (study)all B: Yes. 1 2 3 4 5 4 6 (you/still/watch) 8 A : 3 10 W e h a d j u s t / l a t e l yf i n i s h e de a rn g w i e n l h e y arrived Were you watching the French film on TV earlier/before? He had beenworkingthere since/fortwo and a h a l fy e a r s She had already/yetwritten the letter when he c a l l e dh e r The companywas previously/beforehand run by thegovernment T h et e a mh a d n ' tl o s ta g a m eu n t i l / y e tl a s tw e e k Shelately/recently movedto London We had never/everbeentherebefore Hewasalways/stilllivingat homewith hisparents t h i st i m e l a s ty e a r H e m a d e d i n n e ra f t e r / f o l l o w i n gh e g o t h o m e fromwork T w om o n t h sa g o . t h e r a i ns t a r t.he 7 4 . Why wereyou late? B : O h .close/ shutters t h e a c c i d e nht a p p e n e-d d r i n ka c u po f c o f f e e / ian c a f e.h i d e t h e e a r t h q u a k he a p p e n e d u n d e rt h e t a b l e .I LastSaturday. thecorrect (you/do)yesterday? (play)squashwith Pete 1 A: What B: | (you/speak) to Kate? ( s l e e pw ) h e nI c a l l e d 2 A.wait outside the . A: Whatdidyoudo? B: I pulledoverandwaitedforit to stop. afterI pierlastnight.i t Usethe promptsbelowto askandanswer questions. B : N o . search @ @ @ a a M r J o h n s o/na t t h e w a t e r Mrs Smith/ the stalrs S h e i l a/ a b o o k A m a n/ o n h i sl a P t o P comPuter Mr Smith/ in hisbriefcase / a newspaper . D u r i n gm y l a s th o l i d a yI . Thelntercity Ferrycroshedintothe Lookat the pictureandput the verbsin the list intothe pastcontinuous to describe whateach personwasdoingat the time.. Youmayuseyour own ideasaswell. the storm hlt . asin the example.:2 = E*n*ffi 2 Fillin the correctpasttenseof the verbsin brackets.

9 Tony/wor[</h is sister/cal I him Compare the pictures. Nowadays. readbooks . o olortriritrr r rlnthp< r fr rrnit'rro . Whatdid peopleuseto have in the past?Whatdo we havenowadays? Usethe promptsandthe pictures to makesentences. spend timewithyourfriends . 75 . Whrle Evewasdelivering newspapers. asin theexample. (know)she (cry)because hereyeswerered. herdadleftforwork. go swimming . rnmnr rforc r d e c o r a t i o n so t p l p n h o n e s Thegirls/row/the boys/play rugby People didn'tusetohaveelectricity inthepast. o getup late. wehave electricity. Youcanuseyourown ideas.t h e p h o n e ( r ing ) 2 S h ew a sn e r v o ubs e c a u sseh e (wait) a weekto hearif she (get)the tob ( b e )a t r i e c : s 3 Yesterday. AsEvewasdeliverrng newspapers. thenmake up sentences usingpasttenses. sunbathe . asin theexamole. Steve/shop/Sa ndralprepare/di nner 10 Whatdidyouuseto do/didn't useto do during yoursummer holiday lastyear?Choose fromthe listandmakeup sentences.They used tohaveoil lamps. 8 Puttheverbsin b'ackets intothecorrect past tense. herdadleftforwork.7 Lookat the pictures'and the prompts. 1 W h i l eI ( p u t )r h e c h i l d r e n t o b e d . I (drive) s t o pw h e n a f r i e n d (offer)me a lii by and (see)the film lastweekero 4 We (not/enjoy)it at aril but I (not/see)her since she 5 l (move)to her new flai (you/be)lastnight? 6 Where (stand) outside the theatrefor two hours! | . (work) as a waiter 8 After he i n a n l t a l i a nr e s t a u r a nf ot r t e n y e a r sh e q u i t h i sj o b (open)a coffeeshop and Eve/deliver newsoaoers/her dad/leave/for work Evewasdelivering newspapers whenherdadleftforwork. eatout at restaurants Emma/plant/a tree/herdad/build/the fence I usedtogetuplate.

. u t t h a t w a s l a t e ra n d t h e r ew a s n o r u s h F o r t h e t i m e b e i n gI j u s t4 ) t h e c h a n c et o h a v e a i i ei n A f t e rl g o t u p a n da s| 5 ) c o f f e et.rrl:irf\. '\.i'qlttlfr+f.R . 3 When I went to Francelastsummer.i .! was the first time I hadeverbeenabroad never I had neverbeen abroaduntil I went to F r a n c lea s ts u m m e r 4 H o w l o n gi s i t s i n c ew e w e n t t o t h e c i n e m a ? last W h e nd i d w e l a s tg o t o t h e c i n e m a ? 5 | d r d n ' ct a l lh e ru n t i lI h a ds p o k e nt o S t e v e before I spoketo StevebeforeI calledher 6 I had neverbeento that restaurant before first It was the first time I had beento that restaurant 'ir.f.i+iiri.rlHEfilrldsFsrN:.Yi 1 J o h n..w &mm%ffi (0).Then. a dw o u l dt a k e u s t o t h e p a r ko n S u n d a ay f t e r n o o n s used Dad used to take u s t o t h e p a r k o n Sunday afternoons.i:F. In eachcasethe second sentence hasa similar meaning to was t h e f i r s td a yo f t h e s u m m e rh o l i d a yasn d I 2 ) forwardto it for weeks Everyyear.. when we were children.JUstas I left the housea huge blackcloud 8) o n t h e h o r i z o na n d f i v em i n u t e sl a t e ri t 9) w i t h r a i n I c o u l d n 'b t elieve m y l u c k .rlul4r.makesentences byjoiningthem usingthe wordswhen/while/so/asor because/ since/for.rrr'. llT-] Janewasworkingon thecomputer beenskiing l2Tl I haven't in Cuba FTI Hehasbeenliving ETI Shewastryingto bakea cake ETI ttookmyumbrella ETI we weretoo tiredto qo out B a tho nvon r:lnht firo b we stayedin and orderedpizza c T i mw a sm a k i n gd i n n e r d i t L o o k eldi k ei t w a sg o i n gt o r a i n e 6 months f I w a s 1 8 y e a r so l d U s eo'f 'F" Jn" ' o l i s h and therewasn'ta cloudin the sky Evenbetter.t r a i n e d 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 76 Awas being S)was C u s e dt o b e A w a ss h i n i n g B s h o n e C h a ds h o n e A looked B h a db e e nl o o k i n gC w a sl o o k i n g A h a dg o n e B w a sg o i n g C went A hadenjoyed B enjoyed C hadbeenenloying A w a sm a k i n g B h a db e e nm a k i n gC h a dm a d e A w a sh e a r i n g B h e a r d C h a dh e a r d A d i d n ' tb e l i e v eB w e r e n ' tb e l i e v i nC g h a d n ' tb e l i e v e d A w a sa p p e a r i nBg h a da p p e a r e d C a p p e a r e d A h a dp o u r e d B w a sp o u r i n g C u s e dt o p o u r A h a db e e n B was C w a sb e i n g .-':.on the first day of t h e h o l i d a y s| 3 ) to the beachwith my f r i e n d sb.. asintheexample 11 Circle 12 Matchthetwo halves of thesentences in columns A andB.!-f. KeyWordTransformations Studythe examples. thecorrect tense.h e t e i e p h o n rea n g l t w a sm y f r i e n dA m y .iirlr!aiiilr. has J o h nh a sb e e nw o r k i n gf o r t h e c o m p a n y for sixmonths 2 W h e nw e w e r ec h i l d r e nD.iiirtrj:.llLf{lrF.111i1ii. l o i n etdh e c o m p a n sy i xm o n t h sa g o .1!.f sr.fr411 rirrli+ii:!r't::Bir.s h e6 ) thatthe weathew r a s g o i n gt o b e b a dt h a t a f t e r n o o n We 7) i i t h o u g hb e c a u s e i t w a s s u c ha perfectday.iiiElt i:ij.. so we arrarged to rneet an hour later However.t h e w e a t h e r1 0 ) f a n t a s t iac l l m o n t ha n d t h e n o n t h a t d a yo f a l ld a y si.1ri!in. !1)t!ii!r!.

13 Complete including thewordsin bold. It'sthreeyearssinceI went awayon holiday have I on holidayfor threeyears It was the first time she had given a speechin public She a speechin publicbefore .the governmentaskedfor helpfrom the . still Rose l'd neverseensucha closerace ever lt wasthe s e en .) CLOCKWISE direction. 1 5 Form 1 After the earthquake. held in May and November eachyear. event. .. Davidstartedstudyingheretwo yearsago been David two years We didn't leavethe houseuntil everybodyWAS ready before We waited until evervonewas ready 8 Johnwasworkingveryhardlatelyat that time. 3 T h e yb u i l ta n e w throughthe centreof town 4 Natashawas wearinga bright 2 5 NATIONAL ANNUAL RAIL COLOURED Jumper Makeyourselfclearso that you canavoidany UNDERSTANDING Therunners sprinted aroundthe track in a(n.among (intercontinental) wrongly. community.& $rgrt}ffiur Kmw%ffi thesentences withtwoto fivewords. LrrorLorrection outtheincorrect wordineach sentence..not (misinformed) one(monolingual) many(multicultural) . Hethankedeverybody andsaid that they had all been very OPERATIVE The governmenthas decided to start a(n) SMOKING c a m p a t g nt o m a k e p e o p l e aware of the danger of smoking Most collegenewslettersare published WEEKLY 10 The Mayor has been accused of of public funds USE 77 .preventing(antibacterial) two (bilingua9 with. 3 We were trying to be quiet becauseSarahwas beingasleep 4 | haven'tneverboughtanynew CDsrecently 5 | would usedto go therewhen I was younger 6 We were hungryso we had decidedto phonefor a ptzza. . . together.Donotchange the meaning of theoriginalsentence. 14 Cross 1 He hadalwaysbeenwantedto be a singer 2 Laurahad beenworkingtherefor a coupleof years ago. renr Whendid you leaveschool? since How long is it school? never antl-: bi-: co-: inter-: mis-: mono-: multi-: thecorrect adjective fromthewordin (co-educational) between. WhenJasonwasyoungerhe workedin NewYork used Jason in NewYorkwhen he wasyounger We had neverbeento that cinemabefore time lt h a db e e nt o t h a t c i n e m a Rosehasn'tpaidher rentyet.badly. lt is a(n) .. 7 They movedto the countryside sincethree years 490 agarnst. 9 I was left the buildingafter everybodyelse had gone 1 0 The kitchenwas being redecorated for yesterday afternoon ' WordFormation the house.

Use onlyoneword in eachspace. .f h e r c a r e e r . .r.b e f o r e y o u k n o w i i . . .. ! . . example 17 Readthe text below. . . a n dl i s t s of thingsyou haveto do. . . . . . .a costumejewelleryworkshop.. . . .C h a n e l1 4 ) . . . .. fragrances. . t i n y h a t s h o p a n d q u i c k l ya d d e d s w e a t e r ss. suchas6) v n r r r r r t i l i i i a qr r r t n f f As difficult7) movingis for you.. 5 w a s 1 2 ) . f a s h i o n h o u s e . 8) not worse.i . . m a k i n gl i s t s :l i s t so f t h i n g sy o u w a n t t o k e e p s. . &Y-a { tr\an vvLtr 16 M u l t i p lC e h o i cC e loze .t.. it is just as bad. . .p.. . . makean effortto 13) to know your n e i g h b o u ras n d e n c o u r a g e y o u r c h i l d r e nt o b r i n gt h e i r n e w c l a s s m a t ehso m e O n c ey o u havestarted14) makefriends. . H e r s t y l ew a s a r e f r e s h i n g c h a n g e5 ) .. a t e x t i l e b u s i n e s s . . T r a d i t i o n a lC h a n e l a c c e s s o r i e si n c l u d e m u l t i p l es t r a n d s 8 ) .. . . .of influentialwealthy women. . . .C h a n e l . . .. .h e c a r d i g a ns u i t . N r n r ! . Costume jewelleryas well as bobbed hair are also credited 7 ) . ..a and accessories. .and perfume laboratorieswhere t h e f a m o u s p e r f u m eC h a n e l N o .. bell-bottomtrousers.. Gabrielle"Coco" Chanel 0) kvdr$ born in Saumur.Cor D which (0)at the beginning. . h i r t s 3) . .*E € & 4--3%ffi. . 2 ) s o m ec a s e s .T h e e m p i r e 1 1 ) . .There is an (0)at the beginning. . ..i. . . . .. . .B. .n 1 9 5 4 t o i n t r o d u c ea n o t h e r c l a s s i ct. . . . . . . . . . e a r l s a n d g o l d c h a i n s . Southern F r a n c e a n d w a s 1 ) . . .. e l lo r t h r o w 5 ) . . . . . .you w t l lf e e lm o r e1 5 ) h o m ea n d .and cosmetics.t. .o en"nel Vakingthe riqhl rrtove M o v i n gh o u s e0 ) l S a nu p s e t t i n eg x p e r i e n c e W h e n y o u m o v ey o u a r e 1 ) . e c o n f i n i n ga n d tight-fittingcorsetsand long dresseswith petticoatsof the time. Thereisan example C. q u i l t e d handbagsand sling-backpumps in ivorywith blacktoes.l I tr\-76 !tv4L Readthetextbelowandthinkof the wordwhichbestfitseachspace. . . .u.. . . .h. . p i n a F r e n c h o r p h a n a g e . . . 3 . o.. . bestfitseachspace. . . turtlenecksweatersand the classic "littleblack dress". . b e o n e o f t h e m o s t p r e s t i g i o u s1 5 ) . . y o u ' l lh a v ef o u n d a n o t h e rp l a c e t h a t y o uw i l l b e s a dt o l e a v eb e h i n d l l l r l l l l l L l l ] ]i i l i l l [ ] r i i r [ ] r L i i r L D I r i ' I L : i r r r 4 l ' . . . . .a. . trench She 6) coats.n t h e w o r l d o f f a s h i o n . .thencirclethe answerA. . .. . . . 5 0 0p e o p l e . . . .u l e d o v e r Parisianhigh fashion for almost six decades.At age 30 she . . . . . .for y o u r c h i l d r e na n d p e t s l t i s a 9 ) harderfor them to understand why they have t o m o v ea n d t h e y 1 0 ) not know w h a t t o e x p e c t1 1 ) i s a g o o di d e a to take them to their new neighbourhood before you move and show 12) t h e i rn e w h o m e When you first moveinto your new home. familiar s u r r o u n d i n gasn d .T o d a y ...At the 9 ) . . Offiwas B is C have D be lAgrown Braised Clived Dbrought 2Awhich Bwhom Dwhose Cwho 3 A s t a r t e d B b e g a n C r e p l a c e d D o p e n e d 4 A attention B affectlon C aid D assistance 5Ainto Bfrom Cwith Dfor 6 A f o r m e d B s h a p e d C l n t r o d u c e d D a n n o u n c e d T { f o r B b y C t o D o f S A a b o u t B o f C f o r D a c r o s s 9 Atop B height C head D point 10 A employed B worked C used D bossed 11 Aincluded Bembraced Cgrouped Dsurrounded 12 A forged B imagined C created D revised 13 A returned B reviewed C restored D repLaced 14 A persists B continues C maintains D proceeds 15 A types B kinds C names D forms . . . . . C h a n e l r e t i r e di n 1 9 3 8 b u t 1 3 ) . . . .S h e b e c a m e a n i n n o v a t i v ed r e s s d e s i g n e r2 l .C h a n e l1 0 ) .o. . . jersey dresses.Withinfive years her simple and comfortable designs attractedthe 4) . your family You 3) be well organized The best way to do this is 4) . . . . . . . . . . . friends. . o n l y l e a v i n gy o u r h o m e b u t y o u a r e a l s o l e a v i n g your neighbourhood..

. A know B were knowing 1 5 S h ew a s h a v i n gd i n n e r A since B while . eatingbreakfastwhen the postman delivered a parcel. haveyou beenworkingin the caf6? 4 monththeytravelledto praguefor 5 6 7 8 9 | was . 18 Circle '14 I what you mean but there must be an easierway to dealwith the situation A amseeing C haveseen B see D havebeenseeing 2 Sandra for a new flat for ages.they in Liverpool A h a ds t u d i e d C study B werestudying D arestudying 4 In thosedayshe usually to college. groun0 A opposite B along the football C over D against 7 Where on holidaylastyear? A wereyou going C d i dy o u g o B haveyou been D d i dy o u u s e dt o g o 8 Recently..but on that occasion he took the bus A i sw a l k i n g C w a sw a l k i n g B walks D walked 5 A s m a l ls t r e a mr u n s village A across B over 6 . y o u c o m i n gw i t h u st o n i g h t ? 1 2 Haveyou ever to France? 1 3 Theirproductionincreases day 1 4 Thejourneyhad beenverypleasant a womansittingbehindme startedto shout 1 5 It'sa month sheleft for ltaly 1 6 What have you been doing morning? 1 7 I w a sb a k i n ga p i e T o mw a ss e t t i n g t h et a b l e 18 He has travelledby boatonce 19 Theyhave .. .. . eachothersincetheywere C haveknown D usedto know t o l d m e t h e t r u t h a b o u tt h e C ever D yet 12 He hasbeenstudyingFrench i999 A from C in B since D just y o u b e e nw a i t i n gf o r t h e b u s ? word. eaten. we A went B weregoing 9 '10 1 1 N o b o d yh a s . he must have left . Theywaited . A already C before B yet D still Charlieand Stan. .u s t a s I leaving the h o u s et. . repaired the roof. everyonehad arrived b e f o r et h e ya n n o u n c etdh e i re n g a g e m e n t l-'lewas drivingto work he ran out of petrol 11 . . met A never C sometimes B yet D ever thecorrect item. we arrived | haven'theardfrom her she left thecompany S h ew a s n ' th u n g r yb e c a u sseh eh a d. accident A never B still h e rh u s b a n cda l r e o C when D after 1 6 H o wl o n g A are B have C were D will C h a v eb e e ng o i n g D h a dg o n e . 20 IsMary workingfor BTXMotors? 79 . t h e m i d d l eo f t h e through D among My houseis on West Road. children.he to play rugbyfor the countyteam 3 How . 19 Fillinthemissing 1 T h i sm o r n i n gj. to the gym everynight after WOTK Shehad neverbeento poland .h e t e l e p h o n rea n g 2 WhenPaulwasyounger. A yet C already B still D before 10 the weekend S h eh a d j o g g i n gi n t h e p a r ks o s h e wasexhausted I didn't see Sam at the gym. .but shestill h a s n ' ft o u n da n y t h i n g A looks C haslooked B i sl o o k i n g D h a sb e e nl o o k i n g 3 At thistime lastyear.ffirmruffiffin' @ emw% (Units'l-2) Revision 13 He'sthe mostboringpersonwe've .

w+'i$lt4#e#) 80 . .. when we askpolitelyaboutsomeone's plansfor the nearfuture Willyoubedrivingto thepartytonight? Would you beableto givemea lift? l:'. .ffi!$r emffi%ffi :r..30. f o r a c t i o nw s h i c hw i l l d e f i n i t e lhya p p e ni n t h e f u t u r ea st h e r e s u lot f a routine rc or arrangementlwill beplaying tenniswithAndytomorrowmornrng. . (NOT Shewillhavefrnished thereportby 6. Note:until/tillareonly usedin negativesentences: Shewill nothavefinishedthereportuntil/till 6o'clock. We usethe future continuous: .Thistimenextweekl'll be Iyingin thesun.. r: Theywill havearrivedin Londonby5 o'clock. for acttonswhichwill be in progress at a statedfuturetime I'mgoingonholidaytoSpain..

... Tomorrownight my friendSophieis comingto visitme.. . ... (arrive)at sixo. .. e prediction basedon what we know 81 . Note \U LC ' The perfect s future ruLurv p t r rr c L L L continuous U t t L t I l u u u 5 tis 5u usecl 5 e u with wlLIl D by y . .'.. .. Whichtenseformwasusedin parta to talk about: a timetables/programmes .. . Her train 1) . ".l. we 3) ... ... hewillhavebeenteaching in thisschoolfor fifteenyears. (meet)in the citycentreat sevenl'm sure that we 4) (have) dinner at Gianni'sbecausewe alwaysseemto end up there.".By the time we have finished eating I guess that Sophie 5).': . a.. T for or '. b.clockand sinceI 2) (still/work) at that time.1:_. (persuade m)e t o t a k e h e r t o t h e cinemabecause there'sa film that shewantsto see i: .&ffirmmffilffr #ffim%ffi Future Perfect ContinuoUS(wirhavebeen+ present participre) We usethe future perfectcontinuous: o to emphasise the durationof an actionup to a certaintime in the fuiure ByJune. o actionswhich will have finishedbeforea stateo futuretime a fixedarrangement in the nearfuture d an action which will be in progressat a stated futuretime . Putthe verbsin brackets intothe correcttense to describe the future..r..

Nowmakeyourown calendar for the nextfew months. 1 A: Whatareyoudoingthisafternoon? B: I meetJessfor a coffee. (win) the match (work)all dayon Saturday (work) therefor 3 a He . .I g o a n dg e t a l o a f 4 A M e l i ss t u d y i n g m e d i c i n ei s..I'm sureshe if you askher. asin the exampres. I d o n ' tk n o ww h e nh e A comes C i sc o m i n g B w i l lc o m e D will havecome B yA u g u s t N . thenwe . B : It'sOK lf we leavenow. Do you thinkyou'llseeKeithwhenyou are/willbe at work? giveyou a lift a. Joycewon't be able to come unlessshe has finished/willhavefinishedheressay I doubt whetheryou are/will be ableto find it if you don't askherto drawyou a map. (fly)to Parisfor the weekend p lf Angelagets time off work. at this time on (fly)to Parrs Fridaywe (clean)the housebefore She J a c ka n dS a l l ya r r i v e b She . a By Monday morning.. B : Oh excellent.. . a l ' m s u r ew e this afternoon b lf we do. . b ByJanuaryhe threeyears 4 a 5 a lf Angela can get some time off work. (clean)for ages because it's reallyuntidy Do you think we reporttoday? b Definitely. sorry | .thenmakeup sentences. . .we be t h e r eo n t i m e 9 A : Watchoutl You . i n a. burnyourself B : O h . . as in theexamole. Lookat the calendar whichshowshisarrangements for the nextfew months.. 3 We will start the meetingas soon as everyone arrives/willarrive I expectwe are being/will be there in another n o u ro r s o If you need/willneedanymorehelp. B.she be a doctorwhen she f i n i s h ecso l l e g e 5 A : What .andtellthe class. we . Would y o u l i k et o c o m e ? 2 A Didyou remembermy book? B : Oh no.isn'tit? B : Yes.probablymy blackdress 6 A : It'sverycoldtoday. give it to you tomorrow 5 4 3 A : We haven'tgot anybread B : O K .. 82 6 (win) our last (finish)the Choose thecorrect itemA. futurecontinuous or futureperfecf.just askBob. .I d i d n ' tr e a l i steh e o v e nw a ss t i l lo n 1 0 A : l s S u ed r i v i n gi n t ot o w n ? B : Yes. A i ss t u d y i n g B will study E n g l i sfho r s i xy e a r s C is goingto study D w i l l h a v eb e e ns t u d y i n g . n ' ts h e ? B : Yes.| . if we work hardwe (finish)it by threeo' clock 6 a h a v ea m e e t i n gw i t h o t h e r lecturers in the department fly to New Yorkfor a conference finishwriting articlefor Politics l e a v ef o r c l i m b i n gh o l i d a iyn i h e LakeDistrict h o s td i n n e rp a r t yt o w e l c o m e He's havinga meeting withtheotherlecturers in the department onJune17th. b.(you) to the party? B : I don't know. Kelly will have written (write)her Historyessay b Kellycan't come with us on Sundaybecause shevylllbewriting(write) her Historyessay snow A It turnsout that I cancomeafterall... fivegames. see you on Fridaythen 2 8 A : I don't want to missthe startof the play.Cor D.l'm sureit 7 wear 5 Putthe verbsin brackets into the futuresimple. Dr Saunders isthe headof the politics department at a smallcollege. 4 Underline the correcttenseform.Gremffiffi$ w%w 2 Complete eachexchange by fillingin willor be goingto. .

i n t h i sa r e af o r ten years A w i i l h a v eb e e nl i v i n g C w i l l l i v e B w i l lb e l i v i n g D lives C a n y o u h e l p m e t i d y t h e l i v i n gr o o m ?J i l l o v e rt h i se v e n i n g A i sc o m i n g C w i l lc o m e B comes D is goingto come He hisprojectby Monday A flnishes C w i l lb ef i n i s h i n g B i sf i n i s h i n g D w i l l h a v ef i n i s h e d I think I a partynextweekendWho shallI invite? A am having C have B am to have D will have 9 You'dbettertakeyour raincoatlt A w i l lr a i n C w i l l h a v er a i n e d B i s g o i n gt o r a i n D rains 10 We mustfinishpackingWe earlytomorrow morntng A leave C w i l ll e a v e B a r el e a v i n g D a r eg o i n gt o l e a v e 9 7 a. 1 Shehearsa weatherreportpredicting sunshine " lts goingta bea be. In pairs. 83 . lh goingtosave money.h e . t o D u b l i n A w i l lb e g o i n g C w i l l9 o B g o D amgoing 4 8 Putthe verbsin brackets intothe correcttense Youcan'tgo out in thisweatheryou a colo A w i l lc a t c h C a r ec a t c h i n g B catch D aregoingto catch B y t h i st i m e n e x tm o n t h .Writedownfive resolutions for the comingyear. . m%ffi l ' v eg o t p l a n sf o r t h i sw e e k e n d| in the examples. A:Areyougoingtocutdownonsweets? B.w &2u'"?. etc 5 h ei s g o i n gt o t h e c i n e m ab u t s h ei s l a t ea n ds h e isworriedthat she'llmissthe startof the film "Bythe time I get there. b.autiful day " 2 Herfriendsayshe feelshot "l'!lapenawinrlaw " 3 Herbossasksherwhen shewill finishthe report "l 4 S h ei sc a t c h i n tgh e 8 o ' c l o c kt r a i nt o M a n c h e s t e r .sresolutions. "My train 5 S h e h a s a r r a n g e dt o h a v el u n c hw i t h h e r f r r e n d Amy tomorrowafternoon " A m ya n dI 6 Someone asksheraboutherplansfor the weekeno "At thistime on Saturday. . Usean appropriatefuture tenseto completethe sentences that Anna might actuallysay. S o m e o n ae s k sh e rh o w l o n gs h eh a sb e e nl i v i n gi n London "By nextAugust.try to guesseachother.| . lmagineit is NewYear's Eve.

. DearAnn. l i r l li ll l j l i l r r r i L r r r : l Matchthe itemsin Column A with the itemsin ColumnB in orderto makecorrectType0 conditional sentences.because it is my 30th birthday. tense.. Rickisambitious andismakingplansfor the future.As soon ds | 3) (receive) pay this month's check.(get back) f rom ntexicoto tell you all about it! Formcomplete sentences by matching the items below. l:Tl [tt go to themarketbeforework herexams.3%ffi. 14 11 Fillinif or unless.b lf youboilwater. asin the example. lfyouanswer a question correctly.|m very excited!t (be) the think it 1) bestsummerever! rhis July. I hopeyou 10). Lucy l'llbeworking manager fora largecompany. s h es a y s sherssorry a i A 6+ l i . . . ETI trshepasses ETI yougeta t O%discount lGTl Jounwillgetyoua ticket DTI Hecan'tsleep ETI tt youthrowsomething in thealr. I tT-e-l ETI tt it rainstomorrow.I 8) .i.asin the example.becomeamulti-millionaire . s) . (alsolbuy) somenew summerclothes. t've got a lot to do. I 12) .shewon't passthe examS 4 | w i l l i n v i t eJ o h nt o t h e p a r t y . .uopefully." . (have) a big party at my house. .with lots of brilliant musicand tasty food. . asin theexample.. workasa senior manager fora large company . it evaporates. 13 a. it becomesice it evaporates it melts it sinks you get green you get six . 1 Youwiil catcha cold you weara warm coattoday 2 it's nice and warm. . a b c d e f g h if I getupearly enough shewillgoto college in September if yougiveherthemoney gravity bringsit backdownto Earth yougettwo polnts if youpayin cash thegamewillbecancelled if hedrinkscoffeein theafternoon yougettwopoints. Makesentences. t'm writinEto tell you all aboutmy plansf or the summer.t (have) enoughmoneyleft 6) over to buy a new cameraas well. so t 11) (say) goodbyef or now. .t (bool<) my tickets and I 4) .. It 9) (be) great.I 2) (travel) to Mexico. . (come)t Well. marry hisgirlfriend. on 4th August.&{3e. ' because I am sure I 7) . 10 Fillinthecorrect 12 ll tt youanswer a question correctly.Lookat the thingsthat hesayshewill bedoingor will havedoneby thetimehe is35. (see)lots of interesting thingsduringmy trip. (write) again when t 13) . . Writefivesentences describing whatyouwill havedoneor will be doingin ten years'time. C o l u m nA FTFI ETI l3Tl lZTl iSTl ETI boilwater add four and two m i xb l u ea n dy e l l o wp a i n t put water in the freezer leaveicecreamin the sun dropa brlckin water C o l u m nB a b c d e f 1. I s e eh i m 5 l ' m n o t g o i n gt o s p e a kt o h e r. asasenior b. we will go for a p r c nr c 3 sheworks harder. Sarah o liveina large house inthesuburbs of London with love.

it backto me by the weekend 1 He'snot a goodteacherHislessons arevery Art expertsargueabouthow . in caseher parentswill call 5 lf you dropa coinin water.t u*uy He has arrangedto leavework at four o'clock tomorrowafternoon ts He at four o'clocktomorrowafternoon 5 Takea coatwith you. t h e p a i n t i n gi s . I c o u l dh e a rt h e . ErrorCorrection Useof English .I will havebe relaxing on the beach 1 0 | w o n d e rw h e t h e rH e l e nw i l l h a v ec o m e t o t h e prcntctomorrow ' WordFormation interest. W e ' l lm i s st h e p l a n e lcemelts lf the weatheris good. 4 2 3 4 5 6 l f y o us e eC a r l a .you won't passthe exam unless Youwon't passthe examunlessyou study outtheincorrect wordineachsentence.interested fascinate.thenwe can'thelpyou unless Wecan'thelpvou what the problemis.acceptable .fascinating accept.isr. I will havebeingstarted my newJob 8 A s l o n ga s y o u w i l l b r i n gi t b a c k you can borrowthe car 9 Thistime nextmonth.der 1 8 Formthe correctadjectivefromthe wordin bold.' 1": ll conditionals.the secondsenrence hasa similar meaning to thefirstsentence.I cangiveyou a lift provided ' ':: n'u" '. including the wordsin bold. he'svery 5 T h ei s l a n di s 6 Thatwas a really experience I D i dy o u k n o wt h a t M r J a c k s oinsa policeofficer? BORE VALUE EXCITE DEPEND ACCESS FRIGHTEN RETIRE .ffim. voices of thechildrep n l a y i n gi n t h e p a r k Billwill takecareof it. 17 Cross 1 I'm goingto moveinto my new flat the nextweek.I want to changemy shirt 7 By the end of the week.sensible sense hal. In we'd bettercleanup this MCSS is We'd better clean up this messbecause m u m i s g o i n gt o b e h o m es o o n Youcanborrowmy dictionary tonightbut I will needit b a c kt o m o r r o wm o r n i n g provided You can borrow my dictionarytonight providedyou give it backto me tomorrow morntng lf you don't studyharder. 1 lf youdon'ttelluswhatthe problem is. it mightbe coldlater Takea coatwith you .you will not be in trouble 4 She'sgoingto stayin. Theywill be havinga party lf we leaverightaway. 2 Takesomeextramoneyin the caseyou needit. My parentssaidI couldgo to the partybut I hadto be h o m eb y m i d n i g h t long My parentssaidi couldgo to the partyas l o n ga s l w a s h o m eb y m i d n i g h t T a k ey o u rm o b i l ep h o n ew i t h y o u I m i g h tn e e dt o c a l l you rarer case Takeyour mobilephonewith you in caseI needto callyou later N/umwill be homesoon. .mrc#ffiffi w Kmw%ffi thesentences using Type0 orType1 1 5 Complete 3 1 If you haven'tgot enoughmoney. .Do not changethe meaning of theoriginal sentence. 16 Complete the sentences with two to will sinks 6 Beforewe will leave. I canlendyou the moneybut you mustgiveit back to me by the weekend long I c a nl e n dy o ut h e m o n e y . . coldlater . 3 Unlessyou do your homework. KeyWordTransformations Studythe examples.

they are ' the ' -tfrightA)"""""" +habeaten heatentrackyou should ' the ': Ul destination may neeo iour you sei 6) """" ":: ' Oefore doctor your "ou to talk with you on or to t"n" certainmedications vaccinations suffer some diseasethat travellers 'drlnk your take extracare' 12) you all children. factorfor sun is at ' the rightprotection lt.Anothe'rtorlou:V in the 14) ' a hat ano slowlyand stayinOoors you ur" outside'wear *n"" .. Use onlyoneword in eachspace.".pre n*"'#tn":::1"^.vong""ri. t h e w o r l d W h a t e v eyr o u r r e a s o n s 14) c o m i n gt o T a h i t yi o u a f e b o u n dt o b e c h a r m e db y t h i s s t u n n i n gi s l a n da n d i t s u n i q u e m i x t u r eo f F r e n c ha n d 5 o u t h p a c i f i c c u l t u r e sM o s tt o u r i s t fsi n dt h a t o n ev i s i ti sn e v e r polynesia e n o u g ha n da r ed r a w nb a c kt o F r e n c h 15) a n dr i m ea g a i n no maiorproblems' our'health'Thereare o" OuO3) """"""' wherever way from home'can knowabout'so that tftut things for all some memorable "u"'yo"nJti"id fravea holidaythat is wrt-t they going.^re^.^-VVIIgItrd) for motives along t o much had has piping brain require C medium C for D D D D D D D D D D D D D D yet holiday Despite o f reasons u p down most having goes n u -. M ultiple Choice Cioze Readthe text below. October."iJ strongswimm"'' sun' Buildup vourexposure Ol'ig"t': :1" ' ' ' of the day' whenthe times. " always.'" ::. i s t h e H a w a i kN i u tc a n o er a c e w ..n dt h e b e a u t i f ubl l u e s e a T a h i tiist h e l a r g e s ti s l a n d 1 ) F r e n c hP oy n e s i a . poolwithyoung you u'" by the sea^orlhe ri helmet your forget An aduli'who is a ' .C or D which bestfitseachspace.i.but most touristscome between. Thereis an (0)at the beginning.-^^ dvtrrogq smoking sense can for D with .l o n gH e i v ai T a h i t if e s t i v a l w h i c h i n c l u d e sm u s i c .4.when the weatheris slightly c o o l ea r n dd r i e r5 ) .when eat any food that 'u'ud'' and never hot' and seafood. watchingthe kids 13) """"""' be '*..:."' orusnow many .L^.".is {ooo includes This J*" 0"""0 or sterilised' 8) your that water waterto brush o'*nt anOusing safe meat havingice in your .. s u r f i n ga n d s a i l i n ga r ev e r yp o p u l a ri n t h i s p a r t 13) .d a n c i n ga n d s p o r t i n g competitions Another event 6) the whoie of FrenchPolynesiagets very excited 7) .J' * ts """ teeth.J"J 2)'""""" "'beingin a strange J u s th e a r i n g the name p e o p l e many t o c o n j u r eu p i m a g e so f a t r o p i c a l p a r a d i s ew i t h c o c o n u t p a l m s . it. OpenCloze 19 Readthetextbelowandthinkof the wordwhichbestfitseachspace.. a n d t h e y c a n e n j o ys h o p p i n gi n s t y l i s hb o u t i q u e sa n d t r a d i t i o n a m l a r k e t so r w a l k i n ga n dc l i m b i n gi n t h e v o l c a n im c ountains H o w e v eirt 1 1 ) h a r d l ys u r p r i s i nt g h a tt h e main reasonspeopletravelto Frenchpolynesia a r et o r e l a xo n t h e a m a z i n gb e a c h eosr t o t a k e 12) in water sports Scuba diving. . i. w h i t e s a n d y b e a c h e sa." tun'"'"1"n yOUrSkin' . p"it""i"S' ln high+isk not from though.^. ..€.rffi nrB r"ruiir\tinirilIili\\lliP O A 1 A 2 A 3 A 4 A 5 A 6 A 7 A 8 A 9 A 1 0 A 11 A 1 2 A 1 3 A 1 4 A 1 5 A ago tflp flowever by cau5es away off more have does frying mrnd need through middle to r'!f r" : ..June 4) . example .". hich placeeachNovemberUp to sixtysix8) m a nt e a m sc o m p e t ei n t h e r a c ew h i c hv i s i t sf o u r d i f f e r e n ti s l a n d sa l o n g a c o u r s et h a t i s m o r e than116km9) l\4osttouristshavesomethingmore reiaxing rn 10) . i t i s d u r i n gt h e r e s to f t h e y e a r A n e x c e l l e nr te a s o nf o r v i s i t i n gd u r i n g J u l y i s t h e m o n t h .= =r- t i ".a g r o u po f 11 8 i s l a n disn t h e S o u t hP a cf r cO c e a n which attractsvisitorsfrom 2) overthe wono There is never a bad time 3) v r sr t Tahiti.i'..tpecrallv carerulwith ' t) "':.."..FrrrLi:*i'!are:rrrrrrrlqr:1'!j{\rlritsx\\\\l{\'rilrer{i!r\li!|191f \illlilrrr!4\liFf llisi]l-!r't\[ry]\lHrN\fi' ffi before B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B travel Beca use to grounds off up many has comes baking reason rnust during centre -+ O L C since C visit a L C C C C C C C C C C \At. (0)at the beginning. The 7) only areas' "otton ..J::.r.'i P* i:*"s'iic'iime place'a long H[:I':..tlirii': . Thereisan example 20 Advice and 0)bcfure thanever abroad traver .fl[$:*f:l: and .avoid 10)""" " "' ratherthan o""'u"llun"*u'*' undercooked on holidaycan unywhere'bxl:::ele nuoJ"n at Accidents "* so'don'tteaveyour common11)""""""' ritx' be at higher on motorbikesnever *"u' u seatbelt'and always cars ln home.thencirclethe answerA. B.

arrived home. B i l li s l a t et o n i g h t H e . 9 | won't going away on holidaythis year I can'taffordit 1 0 | c a n ' t b e l i e v et h a t m y D a d w i l l . A when C if B unless D a s l o n ga s 3 She playing c o m p u t egr a m e s A is loving C loves B hasloved D hasbeenloving 1 7 O h d e a r |. forgetting t o t u r n h e rc o m p u t e r off 12 How haveyou knownpamfor? 13 | seeyourhousefrom here '14 Bythe time theycalledwe had . f i n i s h e dm y homeworkby then. . . o f b u y i n ga s e c o n d . . next week. C until D before WhenI wasa child. . Oil . 72 yearsold thisyear 1 1 S h e ' s. we will be flyingto Madrid 7 P i c km e u p a t 7 p m . . . 15 When I was a studentI to worK as a waiter 87 . to Joe'sflat oncebefore A o n l yg o C haveonlybeen B a m o n l yg o i n g D haveonlybeengoing 1 6 D o n ' tw o r r y. t o t h e c i n e m at o n i g h t W h y don't you comewith us? 4 t h e e n d o f t h i s m o n t h .h a nc da r A thinks C i st h i n k i n g B w i l lt h i n k D w i l jb et h i n k i n g 22 Fillinthemissing word. oe studyingfor my exam 2 | wonder John will be at the party tonight 3 We are . . . h i sn a m e A will forget C had forgotten B haveforgotten D forgotten E m i l yr e m e m b e r s month A seeing B to see C haveseen D seen 1 8 Theyhavebeenmarried sixteenyears A since C through B during D for R o bg o t r nt h e c a ra n d A drove B was driving . . at6o. l l h a v eb e e n workingherefor two years 5 Will you be able helpme paintmy a p a r t m e nt th i sw e e k e n d ? 6 This . .. .s h e A tells B willteli him the good news i st e l l i n g D w i l lb e t e l l i n g 1 2 | d o n ' tt h i n kw e ' l lb e a b l et o l i f t i t someone e l s eh e l p su s A i f C unless B when D because 1 3 I ' l ld r o py o u a l i n e A until B as soonas .clock A will start C is starting B starts D wjll be starting C hasfloated D floats 2 |. . on water A is floating B hasbeenfloating 15 Thefilm.we A weregoing B u s e dt o g o . l b l ew r t n me.l .wffiggffiE$?Effi &mm% Revision(Unitsl-3) 21 1 4 W i l ly o u y o u rc a rt o n i g h t ? A haveused C used B be using D use Circle thecorrect item. l'mon holiday C when D i f 1 9 H e. .clock. . swimmingeveryday C had gone D h a db e e ng o i n g I d o u b tw h e t h e w r e A a r ef i n i s h i n g B finish t h e w o r kt h i sm o r n i n g C w i l lf i n i s h D havefinished 10 Did you know that Hannah forty next October? A i sg o i n gt o b e C w i l lb e B will havebeen D n a 5D e e n 1 1 l f s h es e e sM a r k . away C had driven D drives Ben at the party last They for about twenty minutes when Murphyscoredthe firstgoal A played C had beenplaying B wereplaying D usedto play Hewon't havecome A when B while sixo. .I w i l l . ... 1 D o n ' tc a l lm e o n S u n d a yb e c a u sIe . 8 We havinglunchwith Colintoday.

aftercertainverbs(agree.expect. (happy.appear.lnff €= Li5# Infinitive I Formsof the infinitive Present PresentCont.claim. Note:the perfectinfinitiveand the perfectcontinuousinfinitiveareusedwith modalverbsandverossucnas seem.and appear Theto-infinitiveis used: .referto a person's ( afteradjectives whichdescribe feelings/emotions willingness/unwillingness (willing.etc).sad. Theperfectinfinitiverefersto the past lt showsthat the actionof the infiniiivehappenedbeforethe action of the verb Theboysclaimto havefinishedtheirhomework(active) Theirhomeworkappearsto havebeenfinished.expect. I wasveryluckyto win therace .believe.plan.etc) Sheishopingtogeta promotion.promise. Perfect PerfectCont.eager.kind etc)and the adjectives character luckyand fortunate.glad. t at Leeds rpassive T h ep r e s e n ct o n t i n u o u si n f i n i t i v er e f e r tso a n a c t i o nh a p p e n i nagi t h e t i m e o f s p e a k i n g Daveappears to bestudyingat themoment. o ' purposeCarlwenttotheshoptobuy to express somebread. ACTIVE (to) repair ( t o )b e r e p a i r i n g (to) haverepaired (to) havebeenrepairing PASSIVE (to) be repaired (to) havebeenrepaired Theverbtensescorresponding to the tensesof the infinitiveareas follows: Verb Tenses Infinitive p r e s e nst i m p l e( h ev i s i t s ) to visit f u t u r es i m p l e( h ew i l lv i s i t ) p r e s e nct o n t i n u o u(sh ei sv i s i t i n g ) t o b ev i s i t i n g f u t u r ec o n t i n u o u(sh ew i l l b e v i s i t i n q ) p a s ts i m p l e( h ev i s i t e d ) presentperfect(hehasvisited) to havevisited pastperfect(hehadvisited) futureperfect(hewill havevisited) p a s tc o n t i n u o u(sh ew a sv i s i t i n g ) presentperfectcontinuous (hehasbeenvisiting) to havebeenvisiting p a s tp e r f e cct o n t i n u o u(sh eh a db e e nv i s i t i n g ) (hewill havebeenvisiting) futureperfectcontinuous Thepresentinfinitiverefersto the presentor future I expectto findoutmyexamresults soon(active) I hopeto beaccepted lJniversity.refuse.decide.reluctantetc).(passive) Theperfectcontinuousinfinitiverefersto the past lt emphasises the durationof the actionof the infinitive which happenedbeforethe actionof the verb Heseems to havebeenworkingconstantly forthelastcoupleof weeks.

o . .decide. as a noun Swimmingisa greatwayto getfit.i n gF o r m Formsof the -ing form ACTIVE v i s i t i n g ! ! havingvisited : I Present ! Perfect I a I ! ! PASSIVE b e i n gv i s i t e d havingbeenvlsited : i i Thepresent-ing form refersto the presentor future Hehateswalkingtowork.appreciate. after the verbslet. hear.i n f i n i t i v e s a r e l i n k e d b y a n d o r o r . The-ing form is used: .deny. . H e l p c a n b e f o l l o w e d b y e i t h e r t h e t o . aftercertainnounsand pronouns(somethinE..i n f i n i t i v e a f t e r b e m a d e .& = ::: o a o a o . want. with it + be + adjective/nounltwasdifficulttasolvetheproblem.prefer. t h e t o o f t h e s e c o n d i n f i n i t i v e c a n b eSohmeipt treodm i s e d t o c a l l and tellmewhatwashappening.I'drathernotgo. after be + first/second/next/lastetc 5hewasthelastpersonto finishtheexam.dislike.explain.learn.consider.and feel Herbossmadeherworkovertime. b e h e a r d . Theinfinitivewithout to is used: .i=:-= Note:with adjectives that referto character we canalsousean impersonal construction It waskindofyou to giveJohna lift. to be honest. aftercertainverbs(admit. imagine.continue. l'dlovetocome. afterwould like.practise. Note:when see.fancy.avoid. to beginwith etc Tobehonest. to talk aboutan unexpected eventusuallywith only lgothomeonlytofindthatlhadforgottenmykeys.i n f i n i t i v e o r t h e i n f i n i t i v e w i t h o uStht oe h e l p e d m e ( t o ) p a i n t m y f l a t . afterhad better and would ralher Wehadbetterleavesoon. B U t w e u s e t h e t o .would prefer..go (for activities). BUT:wonder why is followedby a clause(NOTan infinitive) /wonder why she didn't tell us. mind. miss.prevent)Jackwantstoquitsmoking.would love etc to express a specificpreference lwould loveto visitlndiaoneday.hearandwatch arefollowedby an -ing form thereis no changein the passive Hesawmetalkingto Anna. N o t ei:f t w o t o . b e s e e n e t c ( p a s s iS v ehfeowr m a s) m a d e t o w o r k overttme.enjoy.hate to express BUT:for a specificpreference(wouldlike/wouldprefer/wouldlove)we usea to-infinitive. make. afterverbsand expressions suchas ask.see. in the expressions to tell you the truth. want to know etc when they arefollowedby a questionword Sheexplainedwhatwehadtoda. after modalverbs sum up. r . Mikeisn'toldenoughto vote. Wasthereanyonethereta helpyou? after too/enough Vanessa istoo impatientto waitin a queue. generalpreferenceTomhatesworkingatthebank.HehatesbeingvisitedonSundays.find out.confess. Theperfect-ing form showsthat the actionof the -ing form happenedbeforethe actionof the verb We can usethe simple-ing form insteadof the perfect-ing form with no changein meaning Sheadmitted visiting/ havingvisitedJamie. . save.quit. anyoneetc)to showthat somethingis necessary or| wasseentalkingto Anna. afterlove.

there's no point in. notice.see.y . notice.p l a c e s e. e d o u b l et h e l a s tc o n s o n a nat n d a d d . in additionto. inform) I regretto informyouthatyourphonehasbeencutoff.listento.t h i n g s . lremember comingherebefore.eIc) Wewastedalotof timefixingthecomputer. .i n g f o r m i s u s e d : ' .tell.e r l . prefer(doingsth to sth else) Heisn'tusedto livingalone. = intendto mean+ to-infinitive Henevermeantto upsether.i n f i n i t i v e o r t h e .s y l l a b laed j e c t t v eesn d i n gi n a v o w e l + a c o n s o n a n's no use.y t o i a n d a d d. and feel to describe the completeaction I heardSamantha tellthestory.l y o r .e s t easy-easier-easiest 90 .see.listento. can't help. we add-r in the comparative and-st in the superlative form ntce-ntcer-nrcest ' W i t h o n e .thinner. after prepositionsElaine isscared of Differencein meaningbetweenthe to-infinitiveand the -ing form: S o m ev e r b sc a nt a k ee i t h e rt h e t o . can't stand.thinnest o with two-syllabla e d j e c t i v eesn d i n gi n . have difficulty (in). it's (not) worth.i n g f o r m b u t w i t h a c h a n g ei n m e a n l n g = not remember forget+ to-infinitive Heforgotto buymilk. t c W e u s u a l l ru7s e t h a n w i t h c o m p a r a t i vaed l e c t i v e s Mary rsyoungerthanJane ' We usethe superlativeform to compareone person/thing/etc with more than one person/thing/etc in the s a m eg r o u p W e u s et h e . w e c h a n g et h e . afterthe verbshear. regret+ -ingform= feelsorryabout Heisgoingto regretsellinghisrecordcollection. have trouble elc I am busywritinga report. afterverbsand expressions suchas look forward to. o ' afterexpressions suchas be busy. o f l i n w i t h s u p e r l a t i vaed j e c t r v eW s e u s ei n w i t h t h e s u p e r l a t i vweh e nw e t a l ka b o u t places It's themostexpensive necklacein the shop (NOT@ Spelling ' With one-syllable adjectives endingin -e.e r l est thin . afterspend.waste. objectto. = not forget remember + to-infinitive Didyouremember to callLucy? remember + -ingform= recall = be sorryto (normally regret+ to-infinitive usedin the presentsimplewith verbssuchas say. be's (no) good. . and feel to describe an incompleteacliontheardSamantha talkingon thephone(l onlyheardpartof theconversation) BUT:we usethe infinitivewithout to with hear. . LOmpansons Use ' W e u s e t h e c o m p a r a t i v ef o r m t o c o m p a r et w o p e o p l e . mean+ -ingform= involve Beinga firefightermeanstakingrisks.or lose(time. forget+ -ingform= not recall l'll neverforgetvisitingEgypt. what's the €reLJ=# T h e.

as) l'm sureBian isascleveraspolly.themorebeautifulthescenerv became. ....# = i i= ij:=i:= Adjective C o m p a r a t i v eS u p e r l a t i v e short ad 1 e c t i v e s 5mail bigger 5mailer thebiggest lrregular t h e s m a l l e s t forms -v adiectives NOISV l0rsrer the noisiest brg longer beautiful a0iectrve5 ' more b e au t if uI the most b e au t i fuI Adjective C o m p a r a t i v eS u p e r l a t i v e good bad little many much better worse less more more the best theworst the least the most the most We useadjectives or theircomparative and superlative formsto makecomparisons Adjectives ..c e r t a r ne.She wasfar happierwhensheonlyworkedpart time. than) Thesequelwaslesssuccessful than theoriginal.s rather+ comparativeform + than He'srathertallerthanI expected. totally)Getting thisfinished by5 o'clock isquiteimpossible.Ridinga motorbike isa lotmoredangerous thandrivinga wasa bit more expensive thanI thoughtit wouldbe. .. t h e l e a s t + a d j e c t i+v oe f l i n ( c o m p a r e s o n e p e r s o n o r t h i n g t o t w o o r m o r e p e o p l e o r t h i n g s i n t h e s a m e group Theoppositeof most .r i l l i a n ta.t think it'sa littlewarmerthan it wasyesterday.. q u i t e+ a d j e c t i v essu c ha s h o r r i b l er. oflin) lt'stheleastexpensiverestaurantinthecitv.. t h e + c o m p a r a t i v. . as + adjective+ as ( to showthat two peopleor thingsaresimilarin someway In neqattve senrences we use not as/so . ' less+ adjective+ than (expresses the difference betweentwo peopleor things Theoppositeof more . .Shesaidthatthesecond examwasslightlyeasierthan thefirstone. e . rather+ a(n)or a rather(= morethan usual/wanted gotrathera/a rathergoodpointsayingso.t c i= completely. hehasbeenwalkingevenmoreslowly BUT:many more + uncountablenoun romatemanymorebiscuits thanpaul. buyit..Sincehis operation. 91 ..p o s s i b lter u . a pretty (quitecommonin everydayEnglish) He'sgota prettynastycuton hisarm. Superlatives ' by far + the + superlative (emphasises the difference betweenone personor thingandtwo or morepeopleor thingsin the samegroup)Helsbyfarthebestplayerintheteam .Rather .Quite. ' very + adjective (emphasises adjective)George isa verygoodstudent.e. etc)She. comparative+ comparativeshowsthat somethingis increasing or decreasing Weseemto startlaterand latereveryday. ' Comparatives ' ' ' much/alot/farla little/a bitislightly/even+ comparative(expresses the degreeof differenceberweentwo peopleor things)AnnersmuchyoungerthanSteve.x t r a o r d i n a irm y .Pretty Fairly a a a ! a a a + fairly Thisisa fairlycheapdressbutl'm sureyoucanfindsomething cheaper youshoutd quite a/an = enoughThisisquitea cheapdress. m a z i n ge.i d i c u l o u b s .t h e + c o m p a r a t i v(es h o w tsh a t t w o t h i n g sc h a n g et o g e t h eor r t h a t o n et h i n gd e p e n d s on anotherlhing) Thelongerthejourneywenton..

a too . 1 Hegoesto eveningclasses to lecrn(learn)ltalian (learil a languagecanhelpyouto get a job 2 Learning 3 Oh no! | forgot (buy) eggs 6 7 8 9 10 2 when I was at the supermarket The governmentis determined (solve)someof the environmental problems facing Ine area (cook)at hometo Dan prefers eatingout There'sno point in (buy) a computerif you arenot goingto useit. asin the example. .-Therearetoo manycarson theroad. for somebody/something+ to-infinitive Thelakeistoopollutedfor fishto livein. (So) to the cinema tonrght l'll neverforget (meet) Davio Beckham 4 Don'tforget (lock)the door. (decorate) They have decided the livingroom The childrenlove (9o) to the swimmingpool (tell) Alice what Sean | regret hadsaid Hydroelectricity and wind turbines can be used (provide)environmentallyfriendly .... (inform) you that you haven'tbeenacceptedfor the job 7 Doyou remember. . Fillin the correctformof the verbin brackets (to -infinitive or -ingform). B u t : B e f o r e a d j e c t i v e s n o t f o l l o w e d b y a n o u n o r a d v e r b s .its dangerous It'sdangerous 5 T i n as a i ds h ew o u l dc a l lm e b u t l ' m s t i l lw a i t i n g I ' m s t i l lw a i t i n g... adjective/adverb + enough+ to-infinitive ltiswarmenaughtoswim. .T o o. (watch) TV at the I like weeKen0S l'd like .asin the examples. . . for somebody/something Thiscoffee istoostrongfor me. . w e u s e o nTl e y tror yoi s t o o s h o r t t o p l a y b a s k e t b a l l . . W e a l s ou s et o o + m u c hw i t h u n c o u n t a b n l eo u n sa n dt o o + m a n yw i t h c o u n t a b l ne o u n si n t h e p l u r a l Thereistoo muchrubbishin thebin. a too .. . Rewritethe sentencesusingfor.. ..... . 1 | mustfinishthiswork today It's importantfarmeta finishthisworktoday. 3 Write the correctform of the verb in brackets. (leave) school so 5 He regrets eafly I regret . enough + noun + to-infinitive I'vegotenoughtimeto havea coffee.. Too hasa negativemeaninglt showsthat somethingis morethan enough.. 9 She stopped (work) when she wassixty-five 't0 H e s t o p p e d (fix)thepuncture . . too + adjective/adverb + to-infinitive /trstoocoldformetoswim.necessary or wanted We usetoo inthefollowing ways: .E n o u g h . ener9y. (visit)Paris? (call) 8 Remember . 2 Heatherbroughtthat CDso that we canlistento it H e a t h ebr r o u g h t. . 3 The exercise was easy Everyone could do it Theexercise was easyenough 4 Kevinshouldn'tdriveso quickly. BUT:not + adjective/adverb + enough+ to-infinitive(negative meaning)ltisn'twarmenoughtoswim.. (NOTtee msehshe+!) ' e e a n i n gi t s h o w st h a t t h e r el sj u s ta s m u c ho f s o m e t h i nagsi sw a n t e do r n e e d e dW e E n o u g hh a sa p o s i t i v m useenoughin the followingways: . me tonight. .

tntaracirn^ a .they said on the radio that it was lilg ftelrtesf(hot) day of the yearso far A : I t h i n kl ' d p r e f e trh e b l a c ks k i r t B : I k n o wb u t t h i so n e i s (cheap) A : T h ef i l ml a s t e df o r m o r et h a nt h r e eh o u r s l B: Yes.m not usedto i Putthe adjectives in brackets intothe comparative or superlative form. comparatives andsuperlatives..s today? B: No I phoned.he's (intelligent)personI know 6 A: We havea lot of work to do at the moment B: This is always (busy)time of year 7 A: I wasverysurprised when I met Maggie B: Why? Did you think she would be (young)? g A : It'sabouta two-hourdrive B : R e a l l y|?t h o u g h ti t w a s m u c h (far)awaythan that 9 A: Didyou readthat book? B: Yes.ei=# 4 Lookat pictures andin pairsmakeup dialogues."--a - 1 i 2. 8 Superlative A: Theweather'sbeautifultoday. but (early) appointment they hadwas at two o'clockand I haveto be at work at one 93 . as in theexample. nljectiyg Comparative : '' -.--- . asin the exampre.# + 3g. t-^-+ q l brg worse Yes/can't waiVsee/old friendsagain 4 6 B g o i n gt o S p a i nt h i ss u m m e r watchingold movies u s ea c o m p u t e r l'mthinking about I can to goawayfortheweekend beingin crowded places Usethe phrases to makeup sentences about yourself. you fancy/meeVcoffee/after work? Sorry/ca n'V agree/do/overti me tonight : Do you fancy meeting for a eoffee afterwork? SorryIcant. 3 O n ed a yI h o p et o 4 l w o u l dl o v e 5 I had better 7 Complete the tableby fillingin the was excellent. you look/forwardtolgo/ partytonight? A I can'tstand i tove rd tike : srmple t0: Matchthe phrases in ColumnA to thosein Column B to makecomplete sentences.isn'the? B: Yes.addinganynecessary words.isn'tit? B: Yes. bright 3 l expenslve hrinhrar briElitest t al l e r 4a easrest 5 l mnrp 6. (interest) t h i n gI h a v er e a di o r a g e s 10 A: Are you goingto the hairdresser. 1 | c a n ' th e l p 2 l.I think Stevets even (good) 5 A: Markisveryclever. . A We/decide/give/you/job B that be/fantastidwhen/ you likeme/start? latest 8. thenmakesimilar sentences usingthe phrases in ColumnA andyour own ideas. th e ? B: Actually.i s n . it was much (long) | expected A : C h r i si st h e b e s tp l a y eor n t h e t e a m ..

I would take the bus. . outtheincorrect wordineach sentence. m o n e yt o b u y a I t . it's fairly/rathera longway to walk 3 S h e ' sa r a t h e r / q u i t fea s tr u n n e rl ' m s u r es h e ' lw l in the race 4 I know you don't believeme. 11 Underline 12 Fillintoo/enough.t! !:=tj=# I Write the correctform of the comparativeor superlativeand then completethe sentences with your own ideas. s e o T 'F" Yn"'smorebiggerthan yours 3 The exam is too difficult.#sil. -+ | subject (frightening) 2 l n m yo p i n i o n a n i m aol f a l li s (good)holidayI everhadwas 3 (healthy)than 4 Salads are 5 l ' m s u r et h a t (interesting) job than 6 i t h i n kt h a t I h a v es e e ni n a l o n gt r m e (funny)film ( b i g )e n v i r o n m e n t a l 7 8 problemfacingmy country Gold 1 I quite/pretty enjoyedthe concertbut it could havebeenbetter 2 lf l were shouldseeit (expensive) than (happy)personI know 9 1 0 | w o u l ds a yt h a t (fast)than thecorrect word.t h e l a z i ehr e b e c o m e s . fly/far Air Tropicana fliesnuch furtherthanTrans-European Airways. . asintheexamples. 2 S a mi s o l d own to go into town on his 3 He arrivedat the cinema watchthe film late to 4 J a n e h a s n ' ts t u d i e d exam t o p a s sh e r 5 T h i ss o u pi s 6 hot to eat P a u lh a s n ' tg o t new car a - l ' .so you'd better study nar0 4 I hateto watchingold movies 5 | c a n ' ts t a n dt o b e i n gi g n o r e d 6 Youshouldbe mostcarefulwhenyoucrossthe road 7 We will get thereon time if we will leavenow 8 T h i ss m a lTl Vc o s t sa sm o r et h a nt h a t b i go n e ! 9 | h a v e n 'gt o t v e r ye n o u g hm o n e yt o g o o n h o l i d a y th isyear 1 0 T h em o r eo l d e rh e o e t s . r . 1 Davidis tootiredto go to the party belowandtheprompts to 10 Usetheinformation makeupsentences usingmuch. but it's fairly/quite true 5 I think this examwas fairly/quitea lot easierthan lastyear's 6 The restaurantwas rather/prettymore crowded than I expected 7 lt's a verynicehousebut it will needquite/pretty a lot of work beforeanyonecanlivethere 8 lt was a quite/prettygood film. (difficult)scnoor 1 | find that .:4.. 94 be/old AirTropicana isa bit olderthanTrans-European Airways. 1 3 Cross Delaysper week: CabinCrew per flight: . aircrafVold have/accidents flylinteresting places planes/reliable service/good 1 l ' m g o i n gf o r s h o p p i n o g n S a t u r d aw y . more. monyor abit. .'i l q n ' Error Correction ''::.o u l dy o u l i k e to comewith me? 2 Let'stake my car. .sis f&emcsiCjffic.

14 Complete including thewordin bold. WordFormation cruellywithout gettingdepressed My fatherinsists that I waterthe plantson Saturdays. t o t h e c i n e m at o n i g h t My parentswon't let me watchTV until I finishmy homework make My parents my 15 Formthe correctverb from the word in bold.e n r i c h 8 | haveneverhadsucha tastymealbefore best Thisisthe best mealI haveeverhad. makes My father makesme water the plants on Saturdays broad. j \- I can'taffordto buythoseboots expensiveThose me to buy.Donotchange the meaning of theoriginal sentence.broaden p o p u l a-r p o p u l a r i s e false."J: . i t I t h i n ky o u s h o u l d s o m eo f t h e p h o t o g r a p h s T h ec o u n c ihl a sd e c i d e tdo t h e m a i nr o a di n t o SIMPLE SHORT MODERN PURE LARGE WIDE the citycentre 95 .ffirmr$xffiffitr # 3re #- . I could never be happy working in a fast food restau rant. KeyWordTransformations 5 l ' m g l a dI d o n ' tl i v ei n a c o l dc o u n t r y hate I would a coldcountry 6 C h r i sw o u l dr a t h e rn o t g o t o t h e c i n e m at o n i q h t feel Chris Studythe examples. 1 T h et e a c h esr h o u l d the informationso that evervbodv understands it Thesetrousersaretoo long. hate I would hate to work in a fast food restau rant 12 Robertto takethe course Jane's carisasold as Lisa's same Lisa's caris Jane's I alwaysget depressed when I see peopletreating a n i m a lcsr u e l l y without I can't see people treating animals .falsify r i c h. Ineachcasethe second sentence has a similar meaning to thefirstsentence.slazy as her mother alwaysdoeseverything for her help S h ec a n ' t because her mother always does everything for her 3 Please remindme to callthe plumbertomorrow forget Don'tiet me t h e p l u m b etro m o r r o w I can'twait to meetyourbrother forward I'm y o u rb r o t h e r homeworkbeforethey let me watchW' | havenevermet anyonewho cooksas badlyas yourbrotherdoes worst ticketsfor the concert thesentences withtwoto fivewords.I remembermy first trip to Paris without I can'teat snarls I alwaysworryabout my familywhen I go awayon a b u s i n e st rsi p help I can't help worrying about my family 1 0 Thecake wastoosmall sonoteveryone .l'll have ro them T h e ya r ep l a n n i n g to the factoryand buy new machinery They boiledthe water in order to .il:: when I go awayon a business trip enough Therewasn't everyone to havea piece 1 1 It was dlfficultto persuadeRobertto take the courSe difficulty I l'm reallyexcitedaboutstartinguniversity forward l'm reallylooking forward to starting untverstty. 2 lt's not her fault that she. 7 I couldn't move the washing because it was so heavy too The washingmachinewas too heavy for me to moveby myself 8 I wanted to get two ticketsfor the concertbut r couldonlyaffordone enough I didn't haveenough money for two Yourbrother cookI haveevermet 9 WheneverI eat snails.

though.h..3il:: gracefulcreatures.. A private B i n d i v i d u a l C own D personal c a r r y i n go n e o f t h e o l d b i n s 1 1 ) the 2 A rough B uneven C lagged D coarse back gardento the front of the housewas A trust 3 B ASSUMC C rely D believe e n o u g ht o c a u s es e r i o um s uscle damage 4 A ear B eye C arm D elbow N o m a t t e r1 2 ) .or D (0)at the whichbestfitseachspace. .. 2) w h i c h d u s t m e nw o u l d u s e t o l i f t Whalewatchinginvolvessailingout a long way from shore.. .. .. .. high 1a) ...d e s i g n eadb i n 5 A I T B though L d 5 D whether maybe.often them and swingthem onto their shoulders. Use onlyoneword in eachspace.....joined along its longestedge...someonewill designa trulytrouble-free bin tl A w o r t h w h i l e B usefu I C wasted D sensible G 96 .. ....i. .. := =i. OpenCloze 16 .. WtreelieBins i1:'r Once0) up** a time. and giveus hopethat.. whale watching has become '. whaleswill 13) . i t h a h i n g e dl i d a n d a b a r w h i c h gymnastics..As a result.. thatthe whalewatcherswill noticethem. I believe that they are.b e i n g to actuallylookfor whales. water as occasionally...o m ei n t h es e a . i... . a w o n d e r f usli g h t . .a s t h e b i n sa r e a b o u t f o u r 1 2 A given B +t t/ ^c oa +L^c-ul C shown D entertained feet tall more and more peoplewant to experience the ii.i... . ....Mostof them3) .s..... . ... Thereisan (0)at the beginning. m e t ao l n e sT h e yw e r es i m i l airn a p p e a r a n caen d However. As soon 3) plastic bins became 4). and are fascinatedby these enormous yet carry Theywere 1) of one long metal ..manywhalewatchersaretoo showinglittlecarefor hygiene. intothe air or a l l o w st h e b i n t o 8 ) .. ..l-. w e l l . e s et o o k 4 ) from the old whento look.rectangular.9 ) understanding thesehuge. perhaps 1 4 A into B ACTOSS c u p D through day.:' relationship withwhales.t h e s t a n d a r d bin to find at leastone..... evenwhen one has asthesedestroyed their interrors pointed been 10) .. They often spout a l o n g M o s t w h e e l i eb i n sa r e b l a c k ...... with a extremelypopular...and it has to be said that a whalein its h a sn o w b e e nr e p l a c e7d) the wheelie n a t u r a1l 1 ).i. therewill not alwaysbe whalesto see.and for many people..... t ot h ew a t e rs o .. to a spectacular displayof . .one feelingthattheyare developing a 1) . acts make whale watchers feel are green. sheet... they are certainlya step t 5 A fall B SWtm C climb D jump 15) one .In recent years. well that they can be hardfor peopleto 9) ..4-+* .n. on a guideto keepan . .b u t w e r eh a r d e r5 ) d a m a g eo r thereare.. if you are unfortunate J A spot B look C watch D glance enoughto dropsomethingin the bottomof one 10 A i n B to C out D for of them..... circularmetalbase Theyhad two handles. p u s h e do r p u l l e d wave at their jets of water audience with their tails.. .. throughvery2) .or for their own busyworryingabouttheirupsetstomachsor tryingnotto falloverboard physica wle l l .... w e i g h t .outfortheJ|ashofafinorag|impseofatai|to|etthemkn a v a i l a b l et h.. example 17 Readthe text below.J.. . not suitablefor hot waste. however.. 1othem. waters.C.. . . and has broughtthemcloserto :l b e j u s t a s s p a c i o uass t h e o l d b i n s ..brown or red Theyare designedto as thoughtheirtrip has been15) ..... . B. bin Theseare large. Thereisan example beginning.. o n w h e e l sw . plasticboxes The luckywhalewatcherwillbe 12) ...thereis no 6) ... ....heavy.. .b u t s o m e .. tl.6) as ashes...A competentguidewillusuallybe able :'i" I n m a n yp a r t so f t h e w o r l d ... binswere large. beingmadeof plastic....theywere W h a l e sa r es o 7 ) .. human beings?Many people metal objectswhich were difficultto lift and j.. .. .thencirclethe answerA.a n d8 ) .. ... w e l l a s b e i n g e a s i e rt o m o v e a r o u n d a n d 10) l i k e l yt o c a u s ei n j u r i e sM a n yl o c a l c o u n c i lisn s i stth a t b i n sa r el e f ta t t h e s i d eo f t h e 0 A clever intelligent C smart D bright 'l road for collection...and even5) .. the These generally air.. Multiple Choice Cloze Readthe text belowandthinkof the wordwhichbestfitseachspace. you will havea hard time getting it 1 1 A home B place C habitat D location 14) a g a i n ... therewill alwaysbe problems 6 A p r o m i s e B a g r e e m e n t C g u a r a n t e e D contract Wheeliebins are unattractive and can also be 7 A i n B to C with D a t difficultto manoeuvre up and down stepsWhat 8 A mix B blend C combine D join 13) more... dent However.

pollutedto swim in 5 He asked they hadto go 6 It'sa .. . . 9 Thefurtherwe walked. . . a b o u tJ o . 19 Fillinthemissing 1 She .. what time we are meeting. hisnew boss. tiredwe 0ecame 10 Thereare too factoriesin this part of town 1 1 T h e l o n g e rt h e t e l e p h o n e c a l l . . .t e x p e r i e n c e. it with Mrs Harrisand find out thedetails... havinglunchat 12 o. . . 7 Peteris . 1 3 She didn't get the job becauseshe wasn. . A much B more 12 Don'ttell Ann A as longas B unless 1 3 H e ' sl a t e .. .. . w o r k i n gh a r da l ld a y 4 Theriveris . . to the party Shallwe stop on the way there something to eat? A getting C to get B get D havegot 6 . 19 . t o w o r k i n gl a t e 't6 . it stopsraining. .the . . colderthan it was yesterday. A enough B much 1 9 S h ew a sm a d e A stay B staying 20 D o n ' tg o A untij B after heavyfor John C s o D too late C to stay D havingstayed y o u rn a m ei sc a l l e d C a ss o o na s D yet word. A before B for 15 1 You must A coming B come C to come D to coming You'dbetter .. A knowing C to know B know B to knowing Bobis veryworriedabout . someweight C to lose D havinglost Laurabeforesheleft C to see D to seeing lt's a shame Lisa couldn't come. usual C so D as 1 8 Take anumbrella in . 1 4 I t ' sb e e nr a i n i n g. mornrng 1 5 S h ei s n ' t. . . /you L v work v v u t N yesterdayT yE)l vu vgo v to 2 0 It was cold yesterday but today is colder ..(Units Revision 1-4) thecorrect item.... . t o w o r kl n t h e m o r n i n g A walking C to walk B walk D b ew a l k i n g 5 Shewent on a diet A losing B lose 7 | wanted A seeing B see . ... . . 18 Circle 1 4 We'd betterwait . .. ... learnedto usethe computer 2 H e w a s r e a l l yh a p p yt o . .. it rains. . A failing C to fail B fail C havingfailed 1 0 I regret you that the restaurantwill nor o p e nt h i se v e n i n g A informing C to inform B inform D to haveinformed 't1 What'sthe . the exam. . determined asJames 8 Sam is by . A much B like backby Tuesday . . I was looking forward . . you washedthe dishes? 1 7 She .clock yesreroay.. .. the best studentin the class.this. . . .. . than a weeksinceI spoketo Jim A over C more B rather D much 18 Thisbag is . . . d . . A discussing C to discuss B discuss D havediscussed I e n j o y. A to impress C B impressing D Inrmpresstng 17 lt's . C until D while boringfilm you'veseen? C most D less sheasks C provided D if c B hasbeen D will havebeen 1 6 Hefailed . s engagement 3 T o n yh a s. . .t h e you pay 1 2 l ' m s u r ey o u c a nd o b e t t e r . her A meeting C to meet B meet D to meeting We should let Gary . . . .

a b i l i t yi n t h e p a s t ) Wewereable to escapefromthe burninghotel.refusingpermission) (formal. that he issleeping) Theymight needsomehelp. Might I make a phonecall?(more formal.he w i l l p r o b a b lby e a t w o r k ) l o g i c aal s s u m p t i o n sYoumustknowthat.but you did ) nl^r VX J\) I Ll l l l l l l t l l i l Ll i ' l r I i i ] r rLL rlir j i i .L : i:ri r i r: i ) r . He'sableto writepoems (90%certain) Shecanstillbeat schooL Shecouldbe late. \he wasallowedto seethe fiIes. coming from outsidethe speaker) He'sgot to catchthetrain.(t's necessary) Youneedn'thavemademe a cake. ORThecarneededto (lt's necessary) serviced. r . Tomislikelyto cometomorrow probability Shewill be 20's possible s h ew i l l b e l a t e ) (50%certain.absence of necessity) Yououghtto dropthema line. was necessary) Shedoesn'thave to/doesn'tneed to/needn't Shedidn'thaveto/didn'tneedto workovertime.(5hehasprobably left ) Heoughtto haverecorded hisnewCDby now.(90% certain.(lt wasn't necessary to makeme a cake. (it beserviced.l'm s u r es h eh a s n ' t ) Theycouldn'tbe at home now (negative. Theyhad to wearuniformsat theprivateschool. (lt .(repeated a c t i o n. prediction) Theyshould arrive tonight. asking for permission) givingpermission) Youmaygoout.l'm suretheyweren't) Theycouldn'thavebeenmarried. Passengers maynot usemobilephones. futureonly. Thecqrneedsservicing.l'm sureshewas) Theycan't have beenabroad. ability ! Presentlirtur" Shecanplaytheviola. ( s i n g la ec t i o n ) possibility (Luckily Hecouldhavedrowned.positive.t^L C ^ F f\/na if nov/ flt iqn't a tr yv |n'AL aL oL c) ).ii:=+= ModalVerbs Use . r .(posiiive. Hehad to catchthetrain.f o r m a l ) CouldI go out?(more polite. (Hehasprobablyrecordedit ) Shemusthavebeenseriously l//. ORThecarneedsto be Thecarneededservicing. ( P e rshhaepi ssl o s t) Tommight havesoldhlscor (Perhapshe has s o l di t ) Itwaslikelythat thestarhaddisappeared.(informal) Shecould/wasableto play theviola. d Ul wasn'tnecessary for herto work overlimeand necessity) shedidn't . I d o n ' tt h i n kt h e y ' r ea t h o m en o w ) permrssron You can/can'topen your book (giving or r e f u s i np g e r m i s s i oinn.(100% certain.1 it: = il.l .dr hUcJnt rnt.(50o/o certain.(negative. Sheshouldhaveleftbynow. (necessity Theyhaveto wearuniforms. p e r h a ptsh e yn e e ds o m eh e l p ) It is likelythat Tomwillcometomorrow. a s k i n gf o r p e r m i s s i o n ) l'm afraidyoucan't/mustn't makea phonecall.(formal.(negative. l'm sureyou know that) Shecan'thaveso manypets. refusingpermissionwrittennotice) (l sayso) necessity I mustpaythebilltomorrow.(90o/o certain. he didn't) A n n m a y h a v e g o t l o s t .(not: eeuld) (l was obligedto) I hadto paythebillonFriday._a.(40%'spossible Sammaybesleeping.I d o n ' tt h i n kt h e yw e r em a r r i e d ) They weren't allowed to/couldn't enter the country. (informal. r r j i : .(negative. Thestar waslikelyto havedisappeared.(90%'sprobable) Heoughtto beat worknow.

althoughitwas not necessarv. Sheoughtto havetakenherparents. They couldn't make overseai .tnecessary for herto wakeup earlyand we don. I sayso) I haveto studyharder.(f ormal) AIImotoristsmustobserve thenighwiy Code" People oughtnottosmoke.(lt was the I muststudyharder(l needto.(you aren.tdo it ) lgyt?yla Uue usedmycar.y*- Allemployees hadto signnewcontracts.(lt'sthe right thing to do. Wecouldgo to thebeachat theweekend. Past I Youshouldbemorecareful.(but you adviseyou) weren't) You ought to brush your teeth every day. Weoughtto havegivenmoremoneyto charity.(but we didn't) Shallwe borrowmoneyfrom thebank?(asl<ing for advice) Youcouldat leastletmeknow. b u t s h ed i d n . mostpeoplebelievethis) didn't) Wehadbettercancelthistrip. but we don't alwaysdo it ) CanI borrowyourbook?(informal) CouldI borrowyourbook?(polile) MayI havethebookwhen youfinishit?(f ormal) Mightlturn up theradio?(veryformal) Willyouhelpmewith thisexercise? (veryfriendly) Wouldyou mind notsmokingin here?(polite) CanI helpyouwiththehousework? (informal) Shall I preparesnacks (informal) forthepicnrc? Wouldyou likeme to mowthelawnfor vou? Shallwego to thetheatre? Wecanalwayscatcha laterbus. It wassunday.sforbidden) Youmaynot parkhere. (it.(lt'sa good idea.b u t s h ed i d n . w a st h e r i g h tt h i n gt o d o .) 99 . Sheought to havebeenon time. thetrip. but peopledon't alwaysdo it ) r i g h t h i n gt o d o .(you did.(lt is not necessary to wake up ) ' didn'tneedto/didn'thaveto + present (it was not necessary infinitive in the pastandwe maynot know if the acttonhappenedor not ) shedidn'tneedto/didn'thoveto wakeup earlyyesterday. (lt wasthe rightthingto do.thave to/don'tneedto/needn'twakeupearlytomorrow. (generaladvice. He ought to have givenher d /iff. Heshouldtryagain.l/r.tknow if shedid or not ) o needn't+ bareperfectinfinitive (we knowthat sth happenedrn the pastalthoughit was not necessarv ) Youneedn'thaveleftsoearlylastnight.(ltwasn.-= advice criticism obligation requests offers suggestions prohibition duty '. Youcouldat leasthaveletmeknow. (but he (l adviseyou. my teachers sayso) Weoughtta exercise daily.It'sSunday.but we didn. (lt advice. (l'm obligedto.I Youshouldhavebeenmorecareful. I had to studyharder. d t o it ) I had to studyharder.Didn't needto . (lt'sthe rightthing to do. weren'tallowedto ) -iTh.t allowedto) Youmustn'ttakephotographs.t) Sheoughtto beon time. Heshould havetried again. td o It) Needn't.(but he didn.thave ' don'thaveto/don'tneedto/needn't+presentinfinitive(itisnotnecessarytnthepresentorfuture) youdon. You can't make overseas calls. It would have beenbetterif we had cancelled adviceon a specific situarron.Needn.w € i i= ii:=i.

. y o u r v o i c e g o e s u p i n t h e q u e sYt iooundt ao gn ' t e a t m e a t .we'll meetat the stationat sixo'clock B: OK. yourvoicegoesdown in the questiontag Hehaslivedabroad.isn't ir? B: Yesbut there'snothingwe do it about now.we usea positivequestiontag SheneverwatchesTV.rvraylvrishi ip"rtibir -.canhe? Whenthereis no auxiliary or modalverb. a f f i w l I Complete the dialogues by fillingin must.aren'tyou? A negativestatementtakesa positivequestionIag Hecan'tspeakEnglish. con. Theyareformedwith the modalor auxiliary verbfrom the mainsentence and the appropriate subject pronoun A positivestatementtakesa negativequestionlag Youorecomingwithus. .isn'tthere?Therearea fewbiscuitsleft. Shecan'thavestudied. Perhaps shewillstudya lot.will you?Let'shavea picnic. PerfectInfinitive Shecan'thavestudied. I h a v e n 'et a t e na n y t h i n ga l ld a y B: Really? You be starving 3 A : A r ey o uw o r k i n gl a t ea g a i nt o n i g h t ? B: Yeswe finishthe projectby the weeKen0 4 A : W o u l dy o u l i k em e t o c o o kd i n n e rt o n i g h t ? B: Oh you do that l'll make s o m e t h i nw g h e nI g e t b a c k 100 5 A: Haveyou seenthis note I got from Alex? | readanyof it B : O h . l'm suresheisstudying. Li=*: . Infinitive Shemayhavebeenstudying.con't. Shemaystudya lot. . l'msureshehadn'tstudied.y o u .3. doesshe? Thequestiontagsof someverbs/expressions areformeddifferently I am invitedto theparty. pi. PresentContinuous Shemustbestudying.neverihardly. Perhaps shewasstudying. l'msureshehasn'tstudied.hasn'the? . hasn'the?BUTYouhaveenoughmoney. lnfinitive Shemoy/mightbestudying. W h e n y o u a r e n o t s u r e o f t h e a n s w e r . fine. 1 A: Do I needto buy a ticketin advance? B : N o .aren'tl? (imperative) Leavemealone. 2 A .i f y o u l i k e .mustn't.seldom.i s n ' ti t ? 6 A: So.r) l'm sureshestudiesa lot. Perhaps shewill bestudying I'msureshedidn'tstudy. You forget to call Adamto let him knowwhat timewe'rearriving 7 A: lt's a shamewe didn't book that holiday.isn'tit? Note: .I k n o w H i sh a n d w r i t i nigsa w f u l .doesn'tsheTFelixdoesn'tlikeclassical music. Whenyou aresureof'_p9answerand expectagreement.aren'tthere? Hehasgot a motorbike. don'tyou? ThisislThatisJane'sbaq.shallwe7 Thereis someicein thefridge. a i l b u yo n et h e r e . Shecan'thavestudied.needn't or haveto.asin the example.doeshe? Whenthe statementcontainsa negativeadverbof frequency suchas rarely. PerfectContinuous Shemayhavebeenstudying. Perhaps shehasbeenstudying.J. PresentInfinitive Shemuststudya lot.we usedo/doesor did + subjectpronoun Helenworksfor lnfotec.Irr l] :E :-= *"ffirr . l'm afraid .rru*ptio.will/won'tyou?Don'ttellanyone. Tags Question at the end of statements usedto confirmif the statementis true or not Questiontags areshortquestions .

Youcanuse yourown ideas. a 4 Underline the'sagainstthe jaw not to A : D o y o ut h i n kt h a t ' sp a u l ' ss i s t e r ? B : N o . b e H es a i ds h ew o u l db e i n R o m et h i sw e e k 1 0 A : l sJ a n eh o m ey e t T B : N o .. asin theexample. please? 2 Youneedn't/shouldn't pickup the children from school.CanL. tc o m et o w o r k t o d a y M a y b eo n e o f u s m a y / s h o u l d c a l la n d c h e c kt h a t s h e ' sa l r i g h t 6 W e m u s t / m i g h tf i n i s ha l l t h e w o r k b y 1 O3 0 l . as long a sy o u d o n ' tl o s et h e m 10 You shouldn't/can'thaveeatenso manysweets No wonderyou'vegot stomachachel 1 L u c k i i yI (do)all of the work a g a i nb e c a u sIeh a da b a c ku p c o p yo n d i s k 2 l t t u r n e do u t t h a t I ( c a l l )J o b e c a u sIea nh a da l r e a dtyo l d h e rt h e n e w s 3 | (buy) more milk because M u m h a da l r e a dby o u g h ts o m e . youdo. 5 a b Usecan. m not sureyet 7 We needn't/oughtn't to leave right away.thenexplainits use. 1 Shesaidshecouldn't/can't comeyesterday because s h e h a d a l r e a d ym a d ep l a n st o g o o u t w i t h h e r sister 2 W e c a n ' t / m u s t n 'ht a v er u n o u t o f m r l k . 4 She (dress)smartlyfor the party. don'thavetoand needntwith the promptsbelowto ask andanswer questions aboutusingpublic transportin your country. he c o u l dh a v ec l o s e dh i sa c c o u not v e rt h e p h o n e 6 They (walk)to the supermarket because Simongavethem a lift could/should helpme? 10 Youmustn't/needn't tellhimaboutthe oartvWe wantit to bea surprise 3 Wheremightyouseeeachof the followingsigns? Writesentences to explainwhat eachonemeans.hoveto. g o b a c ka n ds e eh i ma g a i n 3 The doctorsaidI can't/mustn'teat too much red meat 4 He'sgot a terribletoothacheHereallyshould/could go to the dentist 5 I m u s t n ' t / m i g h tg o o u t t o n i g h t . 1 Excuse me.s h e s t i l lb e a t w o r k S h es a i d shewouldbe latetoday 2 Underlinethe correctmodalverb. H #t 1 (lnapark). we haveplentyof time 8 l'm afraidyou can't/mustn'tspeakto Mr Lambert a t t h e m o m e n t h.She can/must have left already 5 | w o n d e rw h y H a n n a hd i d n .etc 101 .i= : 1= li:=+r:: A: Youlook happyWhat did the doctorsay? B : O h .will/couldyoutell me howto get to OxfordStreet.tneedto and the correct form of the verb in bracketsto completethe sentences. 7 You mustn't/shouldn'tforget to pay the phone b i l lt o d a y 8 You must/oughtto wear a helmetwhen you ride a motorbike. l'm leaving workearlytodaysoI cando it a o a o buya ticketto travelon the bus/train buy a monthlytravelpass travelfreeif you areover65 e a to r d r i n ki n t h e v e h i c l e buyticketsin advance A: DoI haveto buya ticketto travelon thetrainor bus? B: Yes.cont.i t .ffi . e ' si n a m e e t i n g 9 | can'tdo my HistoryhomeworkDo you think you 9 You might/mayborrowmy new shewore herjeans 5 John (go) into the bank. Fillin needn'thave/didn.I b o u g h t s o m et h i sm o r n i n g 3 We needto/shouldhaveinvitedCraigto the party 4 Louise isn't upstairs.i f I f i n i s ht h i s project 6 You must/ought to eat at leastthree piecesof fruit eachday .Youmustn't playballgames in thisarea. h e s a i d m y k n e e i s m u c h b e t t e ra n d I .

. ! r ' r r l H e d i d n ' tn e e dt o h a v ec l e a nt h e k i t c h e nb e c a u s e R i c kh a da l r e a ddy o n ei t .? 2 He rarelygoesout on a week night. asin the examples. 6 Thechildrenareveryquiettoday. .# 7 Lookat the photographs andusethe promptsto makeup sentences usingmust. 9 Tonylovesltalianfood. Hemightbelateforan appointment. . havetoo much ruggage c h e c ki n t a k ey o u rl u g g a g e on board 2 A : S h a lw l e g o t o t h e c i n e m at o n i g h t ? B : a Sorry. ? 8 Youhaven'tgot a CD player. ? 5 Youhaven'tfinishedyour homework.I may question tags. I must have to phone my p a r e n ttso n i g h t I a m u s e dt o b e a b l et o p l a yt h e p i a n ow h e n I w a s younger 9 Choosethe correctanswer.J N e e dI t o g o w i t h t h e m ? 9 W e d o n ' to u g h th a v et o g o i f y o ud o n ' tw a n t t o 1 0 T h e ym i g h t h a v et o c a u g h tt h e t r a i n i f J o a nh a d b e e nr e a d yo n t i m e . 7 1 0 Youwill cometo the party.F tat *! * :F== LJ=.I can't 3 A : C o u l dy o u p o s tt h i sf o r m ew h i l ey o u ' r eo u t ? B : a N o ta t a l l b No problem 4 A C a nI t a l kt o y o u f o r a m o m e n t ? B : a Yes.I needto 1I n-) wz_ i I l l i l l l i l l ' l l l l L l l l l r [ ] r | ! r i i I r : r i l L l r Lr b . ? ) ? Useof English . .mustn'tor needn't. throw litterover theside . ? your 4 Thisis newspaper. . 5 Shelivesnearme. 1 Let'sgo for a walk. 10 Fillinthecorrect o o 8 t a k ey o u rr e c e i p t forgetyourPIN number haveyourlD with you Lookat the pictures andmakeasmany assumptions aspossible. 11 Cross I m u s tt o g o t o t h e b a n ka t l u n c h t i mteo g e t s o m e money 2 Y o us h o u l dt o s t o pe a t i n gj u n kf o o d 3 Theydidn't havebeento work becauseit wastheir dayoff I w a s n ' tb e a b l et o c a l ly o u O e c a u syeo u r p n o n e w a se n g a g e d Don't let me forget. Hecan'tbeonholiday. 7 He is a good cook. makea reservation Youmustbuya ticket yougeton the before ferry.we won't b Sorry. Hecouldbeon hiswayhome. 1 A : D o y o ut h i n ky o u c o u l dh e l pm e w i t h t h i s ? B: a Of course b Yes. Error Correction outtheincorrect wordineach sentence. buy a ticket .you will b Certainly Wouldyou pickRonup tomorrow? B : a Of courseI would b O f c o u r s eI w i l l 6 A : W i l ly o ut a p et h a t f i l mf o r m e t o n i g h t ? B : a l ' d b e h a p p yt o b Yes.

the OBEY law or you'llget into trouble. ought You ought to have respectfor your parents 5 Do I needto get a visato visitthe USA? necessary ls tt necessary to get a visato visitthe FORMAL AGREE lf you the turkey. nouns im-: . the housewas .non-toxrc adjectives. (beforem and p) impossible adjectives. you 103 .indecisive adjectives.. disinf ect Youcan'tget a drivinglicenceif you are underj 7 rnust You must be 17 or overto get a driving licence 2 lt'sa good ideato brushyourteeth aftereverymeal should You should brush your teeth after everymeal 3 There's a possibility that Jjmwill be at the party. disadvan tag e.. it'sreally . FICTION I havea meetingat 5 30. . when the fire brokeout It wasa relaxed. n o un 5 in-: independent. WordFormation . Do not changethe meaningof the originalsentence. nouns non-: non-smoker. have Frank the train 2 lt was not necessary for usto booka tablebecause the restaurant is neverbusyon Mondaynights have Therestaurant is neverbusyon Monday n i g h t ss. . includingthe word in bold. ..I t h o u g h th e w a s the bestplayeroverall 1 0 Theyrun a PROFIT o r g a n i s a t i ownh i c hh e l p st h e homeless in London 1 1 What he wassayingwastotally .. occaSton You mustkeepon workingwith him no matterhow muchyou OCCUPIED H a v i n grespectfor your parentsis the right th jng to do. . certain I hereh .. Hewas surethat what theywere d o i n gw a s . o . t o t h e m a i nt o p i c RELEVANT of the meeting 1 2 You mustn't .ffimwwwffiffif € Effi#% . books. 1 Luckily. nouns (beforer) irresistible ir-: adjectives.adjectives.a t a b l e . adverbs a n dn o u n s Studytheexamples. ln eachcasethesecondsentence has a similar meaning to thefirstsentence. because I normally C O N V E N I E N T finishwork at 3:00o'clockon Fridays Don't be so ! The PATIENT b u sw i l l b e h e r ei n a m i n u t e Matt wasvery and LUCKY m i s s e tdh e g o a l . I 1 l ' m s u r et h a t F r a n km i s s e tdh e t r a i n . 3 lt is forbiddento studentsto talk to one another d u r i n gt h e e x a m must Students o n ea n o t h e d r u r i n gt h e e x a m 4 Youshouldget somedetailsfrom theirwebsite you ought 5 moredetailsfrom theirwebsite. KeyWordTransforrnations usedwith deactivate. 4 thesentences witha wordformed from 12 Complete thewordin bold. nouns (beforel) illogicat il-: adjectives. 13 Completethe sentences with two to five words.decode verbs verbs. i sc a ri ss t i l li n t h e c a rp a r k NeedI callto confirmmy booking? necessary ts 7 to confirmmy booking? My doctoradvisedme to stayin bed should My doctortold me that 8 lt isposibte thatI wil J: fffl to hetp you might tthinkt. . sohe LEGAL decidedto callthe police He haswrittenten novelsaswel as a n u m b eor f . FROST w e w i l l c o o ki t t o n i g h t .h i sc a ri ss t i l li n t h e c a rp a r r . nouns un-: unfailuntidy adjectives. might J i mm i g h t b e a t t h e p a r t y . R o b i nm u s tb e h e r e .

suffer from the 'winterblues'.5 = =ilELJ=* .misery and hopelessness Theseare symptomsof the disease 7) . whereastraditional Englishfood 2) . Turmericacid aidsdigestion. the ancient Greeksand Egyptians to flavourwine. ..o a g r e a t evening outwithfriends. .. . o u g h .w h i c h r e d u c e sS A D sometime or 0) cnofher. S A Di s e x p o s u r ef r. .and theycrave (potatoes. Exercisecan also help relieve symptomsof depressron L u c k i l yt h . . Don't be SAD Mostof us. as SADor Seasonal Affective Disorder The cure 8) . . Some people. school. l t a l s o h e l p s t h e b o d y p r o d u c ee n d o r p h i n sw h i c h c a u s ef e e l i n g so f pleasureClovesare usefulfor preserving food and they are also a(n)9) . . e a t m o r et h a nw e s h o u l dl t is perfectlynatural. . a logicalone. .u t t i n ga r a wc h i l lpj e p p ear n d r u b b i n gi t i n t o a n o p e n1 4 ) c o u l db e 1 5 ).to a 'light box' This box p r o d u c eas b r i g h tl i g h tw h i c hi s s i m i l atro b e i n g o u t s i d eo n a c l o u d yw i n t e r ' sd a y i n A l a s k aT h e p a t i e n t1 2 ) .Thereis an e x a m p l e( 0 ) a t t h e b e g i n n i n g . 6) matterhow muchsleepthey get..the recommendedtreatment 11) . Theyhavelittleor no interest5) work. 104 Curry. sometimesbe quite bland What few peopleknow. 3) . however.nowadays. o m 3 0 m i n u t e s to two hours daily. a sw e l l a sh a r m f u l . . . .etc) carbohydrates Theyalsoexperience feelingsof despair.Accordingto medical professionals. . . is that most of the herbsand spices usedto makecurryhavemedicalproperties G a r l i ca n do n i o n sh a v eb e e nu s e d4 ) t h o u s a n dosf y e a r s to help lowercholesterol and blood pressure and treat becomingknown as a 0) ir"=#ii'. . . ingredientin topicalpainrelievers usedby dentists But.our internalbiological clocks a r e s i m p l yr e a c t i n gt o t h e c h a n g e si n s u n l i g h t p a t t e r n sT h eo n l ys o l u t i o ni st o c a r r y2 ) . 4) the 'winter blues'overwhelming.Use only one word in eachspace.C or D which bestfitsthe space. a p p l i e dt o a c u t . is known to easemigraine headaches Gingeris 6) . . B. . an effective cure includes anything 15) a C a r i b b e a nh o l i d a yt. .m o s t 1 4 ) us simply experience a mild form of the diseaseIn thls case. Thereisan example at the beginning. Sufferers needexposure to brightlight Formild formsof t h e d i s e a s es i m p l ys p e n d i n gm o r e 9 ) .spaghetti. (0) asin the example.rather 13) o n t h e s k i n . .thencirclethe answerA. it is 1) . be warned. . a n d t r y t o m a k et h e b e s to f t h i n g s3 ) .we find ourselves feelingtired and w e t e n d1 ) . . ..beforeyou go rushingto your spicerack to 10 ) y o u ra c h e sa n d p a i n sm a k es u r et h a t y o u 11) what you are doing Most of thesespicescan havea 12) effectif you usetoo much lt is also13) to find out what f o r mt h e ys h o u l db e i n F o re x a m p l ec. . . known for its abilltyto suppressnausea and reducefever When usedtopicallyit alsoactsas an effective 7) Chilliis alsofamousasa topicalpainreliever aswell as b e i n ga b l et o s t o p b l e e d i n g8 ) . 0A ac c epte l Aquite 2 A is 3 Aso 4 A for 5 Awith 6Amuch 7 A painkiller d B u s u a l |El B often C B would C B f o r t u n a t e lC y B rn C B by C B highly C B stopper C 8Awhile Bwhen C 9 Afirst B important C 10 A solve B fix C 11 Athink B consider C 12 A positive B unknown C 13 Aimportant B needed C 14 A lnjury B hurt C 15 A hurtful B painful C tradtttonal lJ very D could D nevertheiessD since D for D very D reducer D as D usual D cure D learn D negative D advised D sprain D helpful D cultural seldom can however during from well destroyer whether main mend know minimal significant wound awful . . easierto find an Indianrestauranl t h a na f i s ha n dc h i ps h o pi n m o s tl a r g ec i t i e sa n dt o w n si n t h e U K The reasonsare obvious. .actsas an antisepticand supposedly hasantr-cancer propertiesCoriander. but seriousSAD sufferersneed 10) moreeffectivetreatment. .curriesare tasty. w a i t i n gf o r s p r i n g . M ultiole Choice Cloze 15 Readthe text below. .bread.As the daysget shorter and cooler. used5) . . t o a l l o wt h e l i g h tt o m a k e contactwith their eyesas research has shown that it is the effectof light on the eyes. . outsideusuallyhelpsto relievethe symptoms..familyor friends Theyare tired all the time. . OpenCloze 14 Readthe text below and think of the word which bestfits eachspace.-r=i+j English food In fact.:.

...I reallyhated .we? 5 Thewater isn'thot yet 6 . t 12 He is to workingon Saturdays.. D since word. 17 Fillinthemissing 1 Do I to do my homeworknow? 2 She . 5Ure. f 3 0 . payingfor my car A havefinished B w l l l h a v ef i n i s h e d C amfinishing D a m g o i n gt o b e f i n i s h i n g l f h e h a se n o u g hm o n e y h ... . A to B against C from D between Bythistime nextyear| ..snot airoweo. l'll go t o m o r r o wm o r n t n g .. 1 3 L e t ' sp l a ys q u a s h . . h e l p e du s . 0 0 0i n 1 9 9 8 A cost B will cost C hascost D costs 20 Thematchwill havefinished A when B after C by six. . hot for me to drink 4 We aren't going to the cinema tonight. 16 Circle 1 4 P u p i l s. A study C usedto study B to study D studying 10 Oh no! | forgot out. weeKeno 105 .. he7 1 8 H o wo l d l i t t l eM a r yb e i n M a r c h ? 19 Was Sharon to read and write when shewas fiveyearsoldT 20 When we were youngerwe used to go sailing . . e. Acan B might C haveto D ought to 12 You to the supermarketlater. . . obey ordersfrom their superior officers. yesterday? A land C landed B belanding D w a sl a n d i n g H ep u t t h e l a d d e u rp t h ew a l l . theessav A willfinish C i sf l n i s h i n g B finishes D w i l l h a v ef i n i s h e d When I was at school. you tell me how to get to the stationfrom here. 3 Thecoffeeis .. be ill I saw her just five minutes ago. smokein here lt. Hisis blue. . 9 l ' l lb e h o m ee a r l y t h e b u si s l a t e 1 0 W h e nI w a s a c h i l d w . A must 17 We could heavily Ago B begoing be an electionthis year. you be coming to the party on Saturday? 7 He isthe . . .please? A Shali B Could C Should D May 1 6 T h e r e. to the partybut I didn'tstaylongbecause I wastired A amgoing C h a db e e ng o i n g B was going D went 3 4 lt . to takephotos 17 Tomrarelydrivesto work.b u t s h ed i d n .. .but l'm not B might C ought D should to the theatre..but it was raining 1 8 L e a v em e a l o n e . . . . o n h o l i d a yi n thesummer A goes C willgo B istogo D w i l l h a v eg o n e 8 C o l i nw o n ' t c o m eu n l e s h se .s.scar you saw yesterday. interesting man l.. . . we? '14 Thebandhad beenplayingfor an hour the lightswent out 1 5 D o n ' tp h o n ea t 6 : 0 0 l ' l l h a v i n ga p r a n o lesson 16 We were not ..veevermet 8 You .==# Revision(Unitsl-5) thecorrect item. A needn't C mightn't B couldn't D shouldn't . . . A n e e d n 'gt o C n e e d n 'h t a v eg o n e B didn't haveto go D neededto go 13 That have been Harry. . . A shall B will C havegone D havebeengoing you? C do D have 1 9 T h a th o u s e . heavilyall week and the roadsare wet and slippery.. .W w * E!. . for exam5.not green.. inthecorridors A d o n ' th a v et o r u n C m u s t n ' tr u n B n e e d n ' rt u n D n e e d n ' bt e r u n n i n g 15 He hasworkedwith hisfather he left school A when B since C before D while | . A h a dr a i n e d C h a sb e e nr a i n i n g B i sr a i n i n g D rains W h a tt i m ed i dJ o h n ' sf l i g h t . to go to Spain everySummer 1 1 J a n ec o u l d . e .... A posting B post those letterswhen I was C to post D to haveposted 1 1 S o l d i e r .

(nsteadofhewosinjured. Thesehouses werebuiltin the l950s. theyranoutof money. Thecarisbeingrepaired. Theybuilt thesehousesin the 1950s. It will havebeenbuilt by theendof theyear Theycanbuildan extension in theirback An extension canbe built in theirback qarden. . I M L .!'i' il = :. etc Thegallery willbeopened to thepublic onJuly7th. I 106 I I i . asin newsheadlines.. Theyshouldbuilda newTownHall. instructions. formalnotices. thatthe policearrested them) whentheactionitselfismoreimportant thantheperson/people whodo it. thevlaidthe cables. beingbuilt. A bridgewill be built acrosstheriver. Theyhad builthalfof thehouses beforethey Halfof thehouses hadbeenbuiltbefore phone laidthephonecables. pastperfectcontinuous futurecontinuous. havebeenbuilt bynow. .r . i r i . newspaper articles. Theywantto preventthemfrombuildinga Theywantto preventa newroadfrom newroad.(formal notice) whenwe wantto avoidtakingresponsibility foranactionor whenwe referto an unpleasant eventandwe do notwant to saywho or whatisto blameMstakes havebeenmadeinthepast.^ I r rc rd>>tvc Verb/TenseForm P r e s e nsti m p l e Present continuous P a s st i m p l e Pastcontinuous F u t u r es i m p l e Prp(ont narfort Pastperfect Futureperfect Present infinitive Perfectinfinitive -ing form Modals Active Passive Hiscompanybuildshousesandofficeblocks Houses andofficeblocksarebuilt by his company. . qarden. . A newhospital is beingbuilt. Theymusthavebuiltthesecond terminalat Thesecond terminalat theairportmust theairportbynow. Theywill havebuilt it by theendof theyear. unimportant or obvious fromtheconiext. A biggercinemahasbeenbuilt... Changingfrom the activeto the passive: o . Theyarebuildinga newhospital. (Wedon'tknowwho stoleit ) Hrswalletwas stolen. Thepresent perfectcontinuous. E: eJ=* -rr-^ t-)^--i. l i l l [ ] lI I l l l l l r0 r 1 L i i I i l . r ' the objectof the activesentences becomes the subjectin the passive sentence theactive verbremains in thesametensebutchanges intoa passive form thesubject of theactive sentence becomes theaqent. processes. 1 . '.) We usethe passive: ' ' ' whenihe person or people whodo theactionareunknown. Theywill builda bridgeacrosstheriver. Theyhavebuilta biggercinema. Theywerebuildingthesupermarket when Thesupermarket wasbeingbuilt when theyranoutof money. andfutureperfectcontinuous arenot y normal usedinthepassive Wecanusetheverbto get instead of theverbto be in everyday speech whenwetalkaboutthingsthathappen by accidentorunexpectedly Hegotinjuredwhenhewasplayingrugby. advertisements.andiseitherintroduced withthepreposition by or isomitted .(ft isunimportant whoisrepairing it ) (lt isobvious Thecriminals havebeenarrested. AnewTownHallshouldbe built.

t Thechildrenwereallowedto stavuD late. lessusuarT lf. Newmeasures areto beintroduced by the localcouncil. read.whose fatherisa lawyer.lend. 107 . elc Somebody hascleaned thecar.etc.Shelet thechildren stayup late. more usuar/ A storywastoldto thechildren byEmily. BUT:Jackielivesonthethirdfloor(intransitive verb) .help. Theagent can be omittedwhen the subjectis they. Theverbshear..we canform two differentpassive sentences Emilytoldthechildrena story.he. people. preposition a followsa verb.promise. in an activesentence. Theagentis not omittedwhen rt is a specific or importantperson. RelativePronouns We use: 1 2 3 who(m)/that to referto people Tina.lect) canbe changedinto the passrve Jackieis redecoratingtheflat.or when it is essential to the meaningof the sentenceThenovelwaswrittenby Charles Dickens.then it is placedimmediately afterthe verbin the passive Christhrewtheballinto theair. Whenwe want to find out who or what performedan passivefarm:Thethirdfteerl yJafu. -) Thecarhasbeencleaned.someone/somebody. give.whoisHelen's got bv? Whowasthepicturepaintedby? With verbswhichcantaketwo objectssuchas bring.teach.the passive questionform is Who/What. sister. Rick hasa redjumper. send. Relative Clauses Relatlve clauses areintroduced with eithera relativepronounor a r Theballwasthrown into theair bv Chris. whosewith people.animalsand objectsto show possession (insteadof a possessive adjective)Bob. (transitive verb) l Theflat is beingredecorated byJackie. Let becomesbe allowed to in the passive.sell. gotpromoted lastmonth.seem.seeand makearefollowedby the bareinfinitivein the activebut by the to-infinitivein the passive Theteachermadethestudentsworkveryhard. suit. Note: Sometransitive verbs(have.(active) Thechildrenweretolda storybyEmily(passive.(NOTMdjry1@k) by + agent is usedto saywho or what carriesout an actton with + instrument/material/ingredient is usedto saywhat the agentused Thepastasaucewasmadeby$ € €ffi#% f Acrtr/El rapns fPASstr/E I ' ' Subject only transitive verbs(verbsthat take an ob. / lt wasmadewith freshtomatoesfrom thegarden.(passive.etc)cannotbe changedinto the passive. which/that to referto things Thepenwhichisonyour deskis mine. t Thestudents weremadeto workveryhardby theteacher. resemble.


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l a3ut sh e g(iw
r lh o ) t t o l d
Whom canbe usedinsteadof who when it isthe objectof the relativeclauseWhom is alwaysusedinstead
of who or that after a preposilionThat's
themanto whomlwasspeaking
Who, which, or that arenot omittedwhen they arethe subjectof a relativeclauseThemanwholivesnextdoor
isa doctor.
Whoseis neveromitted,She'sthegirl
We use:

when/that to referto a time (when/thatcan be omitted) Thatwastheyear(when/that)wewenttosouthAfrica.
where to referto placesThetownwherehelivesisin theNorthWestof England.
why to givea reason,usuallyafter the word reason(why can be omitted) Thereason(why)hedid thisis stillnot

ldentifyingand Non-ldentifyingRelativeClauses



An identifying
to the meaningof the mainsentencelt is
not put in commasand is introduced
with who, that, whose,where,when or the reason(why).
ThedoctorwhotreatedHannahsaidshewouldbefinein a coupleof davs.


A non-identifying
relativeclausegivesextrainformationand ls not essential
to the meaningof the main
sentencelt is put in commasand is introduced
with who, whom, which,whose,where or when
Thedoctor,who wasveryfriendly,
gaveHannahan injection.

a. Fillin the gapsin the table.

5 When I spoke to him this morning he
. . . . .. t h e g a r d e nf e n c e
6 Yesterday
she took the bus to work because
h e rc a r
7 The report
...... by Harry
and Sarah.
8 Duringthe last year,two new supermarkets
. . in the centreof town

Fillin byor with, as in the example.

b. Usethe appropriateverb forms from the table
to completethe sentences.
1 The companysforssinformationabout all its
on computer.
2 Theparcel
3 T h ep o l i c e.
. . . t h e m a nf o r
a letterto Anna at


1 The salad dressingls made r,vltholive oil and
2 The car was being fixed
a friend of
3 Thetreewas cut down
a chainsaw.
4 On Saturdayafternoonsthe streets are filled
. shoppers
5 That book was written
.... . my favourite
6 All of this troublewas caused


a. Readthe passage
andput the verbsintothe

4 A : H a v et h e yf i n i s h e b
du i l d i n g
t h e n e wc j n e m a
B : Yes,I heardthat iVopen/the


Didyou writethat report?
B : No, I think iVwrrte/Fiona

c ames

6 A : Why wereyou late?
B : My flighVdelay/by
the badweather

A t h e n si n 1 8 9 6 T h e y 2 ) . .
by the lnternational
(found)two years
e a r l i ebr y t h e F r e n c h m aBna r o np i e r r ed e C o u b e r t i nA t
the firstgames,athletesfromjust 13 countries
(invite)to take partin 42 eventsSince
t h e n ,t h e s u m m egr a m e s5 )
( h o s t )b y a
differentcityeveryfour years(exceptduringthe World
W a r sa
) n dt h e i rp o p u l a r i thya sg r o w na n dg r o w n T h e
2000 Gamesin Sydney,
( a t t e n d )b y m o r et h a n 1 O , O O 0
athletesfrom almost2OOcountries,
(think)to havebeen
the biggestand the bestyet lt
(hope)that the evenr
will be evenmoresuccessful
in the
yearsto come


8 A : Haveyou finisheddecorating
B : No, but iVfrnish/by
the end of the month


C a nI b o r r o wy o u rb l u ej u m p e r ?
B : Sorry,but iVwash/at
the moment

1 0 A : H o wo l d i st h i sp i c t u r e ?
B : l V p a i n V m o trhea n 1 0 0y e a r sa g o


b. Askandanswerquestions,
asin the example.

A Haveyou got yourcarbackyet?
B : No, iVstill/not

Rewritethe followingpassagein the passiveform.


The poticearrestedlocatman ,r"o;:;",
;.;;;';;;. ;;.r'
i:f the armedrobberyof the petrolstationon GeorgeStreet
:1 TheycaughtRowerunningaway from the sceneand they
found that he was carryingmorethan f2OO0in cash They
Usingthe prompts,
in the passive, ri later officiallycharged him with the robbery A police
asin the examole.
; s p o k e s m aann n o u n c etdh a t R o w ew i l l a p p e a ri n c o u r tn e x t
m o n t h l f h e i sf o u n dg u i l t yt,h ej u d g ec o u l ds e n t e n chei mt o
up to ten yearsin prison

A: Where
B: They
wereheldin Athens.
Who.. .? etc.


Rewritethe newspaper
asin the examole.

I Investigationto be held into tragiccoachcrash I
1 A : W h a ta r et h e c h i l d r e d
no i n g ?
B : They/teach/E
2 A . That'sa reallynicedress
B : Thanks,iVgive/tome for my birthday
D o y o u f a n c yg o i n go u t f o r d i n n e rt o n i g h t ?
B : SorryI can't,I/invite/to
a party

I ueroict not reached
Ot iurY in the
case -,

, Extrafundingfor hospitals.
announcedby Health
-. Minister

Ove-o+y sTRiKETo EE ++to



:= L€==#


lf possible,
in the
rewritethe followingsentences

10 Lookat thepictures

Julielivesin Barcelona
Can'tbeput intothepassive
TheychosePaulto be the newteamcaptain
Paulwaschosento bethenewteamcaptain.
Theyhaveclosedthe roadbecause
ofthe floods
4 Theyhavetwo sonsanda daughter
5 Thepostmandelivered
the letterjust beforewe left
6 Thatold shirtdoesn'tfit me anymore


a l a r mc l o c k

Fillin who,whichorwhose,then
saywhetheror not
pronouncanbe omitted,asin the
the relative


That'sthe woman wh*se daughterworks in the
bank ir***of&eoffiiffedj
Maryis the personwJ'l*lwantedto speakto {r**
That'sthe book
I wantedto borrow
from you
l s M a r kt h e b o y
hasgot a motorbike?
M r J o h n s o ni s t h e m a n
t o po f t h e h i l l .
| | tc)c


L It c

-L^^)t luc5

b i n o c lua r s








lbought last


11 Circle
1 Do you know the man
A which
B whose

Matchthe itemsin the two columns.
correctrelativepronoun,who,whoseor which,to
makeup complete
FTdl n doctorissomeone
ETI rhe tigerisan
is Peter
ETI n kettleissomething
ETI Cregisthemechanrc

t t \ J

iI :l ltl il tt 0 il [] rilil nilnr

C who

3 W h a t ' st h e n a m e o f t h a t c o m e d i a n
showyou werewatchinglastnight?
A who's
B whose
C whom

a fixedour car
b is usedto boilwater
c c a nb e f o u n di n


d cures
e srsrer

5 Thisis MissWalters


owns the

N e i l s a i d t h a t t h e r e ' sa f i l m o n a t t h e c i n e m a
. . . we mightenjoy
A which
B who
C whose

The students,
essayswere due the next
day,wereall workingin the library
A whose
B that
C who

A which

1- d

l an t e r n

n o u s e1 50 n

is the person
. i s i n c h a r g eo f t h e
8 lsn't ClaireWinters the woman
brotherworkswith Steve?
9 R o h ' ct h o n o r c n n
won the tennis
c o m p e t i t i o nn,o t W i l l
That'sthe school
the boysusedto go



you spoketo on the

B whom

6 T h e n e w w a s h i n gm a c h i n e
A where
B which

C who's
she bought
C who

the ovento 1BO"C 9 She had always dreamed of b e c o m i na g 10 | a n d w a s l a t ef o r scnool that we shouldtry to conserve water GROWN ESTIMATE BUILD MATCH HEAT 3 Most people believethat the OlympicGamesnerp promoteworldpeace. .less(sub-zero) big.t finished by Friday. .sheworksin thehospital 9 T h a tw h i c hi st h e g i r lw h o b o u g h tR o b .t be abteto go awaythisweekend finished tf this report isn. be The broken window will be replaced tomorrowmornjng STAR SLEPT 7 Theyare expectingthe Royalcoupleto arriveback in E n g l a n od n S u n d a ym o r n i n g expected The Royalcouple are expected to arrive b a c ki n E n g l a n od n S u n d a m y orning 8 U lf I don't finjshthe reportby h e ? Thereportis stillbeinghadtypedat the moment I was agreedwith everything theyweresaying. KeyWordTransformations eachof thesentences witha word 12 Complete formed fromthewordin bold. had We had our new shower installedby a q u a l i f i ep dl u m b e r .ln eachcasethe secondsentencehas a similarmeaningto the firstsentence. ErrorCorrection . That'sthe manwho isworksin the supermarket Joyce.Useof English .interview. allowed I was allowedto leaveearlybecauseI had a d e n t a al p p o i n t m e n t . WordFormation out-: over-: post-: ' pre-: re-: semi-: sub-: super-: under-: outtheincorrect wordineach sentence.whosedaughterlivesnextdoor. more(supermarket) not enough(underpaid) .h a s n . Studythe examples. 2 The governmenthassuggested that we shouldtry to conservewater. "j 111 . believed The OlympicGamesare believedto help promoteworld peace 4 We got a qualifiedplumberto installour new shower. 5 Someone stolehercarlastnight. 13 Cross 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Theirhouseit was brokeninto lastweek Amandawho was invitedto the partyby Jane He is saidthat to be veryrich S h e ' sh a db e e nh e rh a i rc u t . by lt has been suggestedby the government TITLE 4 T h e g a r d e nhad been neglected and wasvery 5 You mustn't how difficuitit is goingto be 6 Theirhousewas destroyedby the earthquake but theyaredetermined to it 7 lna. h s ouse 1 0 5hewas seento talkingto Benlastnight more. 1 He everybodyelse i n t h e t o u r n a m e nat n dw o n e a s i l y 2 The seatshad beenarrangedin a PLAY facingthe front of the room 3 Thefilm was in Frenchwith English CIRCLE apporntment.better (outperform) to a great extent (overreact) after (post-graduate) before(pre-school) again(rewrite) half(semi-detached) under. I won. I won't be ableto go awaythisweekend. was Hercarwas stolenlastnight 6 They will replacethe broken wrndow romorrow morntng.the coach tried to explain why his team had playedso badly 8 Before you put in the chicken.

. .. There isanexample Wg She has to finish her essayby next Monday finished Heressay by nextMonday Going abroadhas neverbeen easierToday. . . t h e l o c a l c o u n c i lt h a t t h e p o l i c es h o u l di m p o s eh e a v y f i n e sf o r d a n g e r o udsr i v i n g 1I 1t z )_ l . . . t o e a c h animal and is used for identification7) I n f o r m a t i oanb o u tt h e a n i m asl u c ha s n a m e a ..Cor Dwhich 1 5 Read (0)at thebeginning. train crashwas causedby a s i g n afla i l u r e They delivered her new furniture yesterday was H e rn e w f u r n i t u r e .is inserted4) the looseskin 5) the back of the neck The microchiphas a special c o d eo n i t w h i c hi s 6 ) . . bestfitsthespace.b r e e da n dv a c c i n a t i o n d e t a i l sa. r ' r r vorir net ncpds to have a m i c r o c h i p2 ) This m e a n st h a t a s m a l lm i c r o c h i p .. .. Donot change the meaning of the originalsentence. . B. yesterday The mechanicat the garageserviced o u rc a r . g e . d e t a i l sa b o u tt h e o w n e r a . . .Li-* tl4 with two to Complete the sentences fivewords. M u l t i o l eC h o i c eC l o z e thetextbeloWthencircle theanswer A.OO0. had We t h e m e c h a n iact t h e g a r a g e A national newspaperhas reported t h a t t h e m i n i s t eirs g o i n gt o r e s i g n by lt has n a t i o n a l n e w s p a p e rt h a t t h e m i n i s t e ri s g o i n g t o restgn It is expectedthat Barcelona will win the match Barcelona the match T h ep o l i c ea r et o c a r r yo u t a t h o r o u g h investigation be A t h o r o u g hi n v e s t i g a t i o n b yt h e p o l i c e T h e l o c a lc o u n c i h l a s s u g g e s t etdh a t t h e p o l i c es h o u l di m p o s eh e a v yf i n e s f o r d a n g e r o udsr i v i n g by l t . .thanks 0) f* the UK'sPetTravelScheme(PETS). i r s to f a l l . a b o u tt h e 3 ) of a grain of rice. . . . .*!& ffi = r. . . . a q u a r a n t i n e . .. l o n g8 ) . . 14) of six months at a cost of is certainlya 15) i n t h e r i g h td i r e c t i o n O A 1 A 2 A 3 A 4 A 5 A 6 A 7 A 8 A 9 A 1 0 A 11 A 1 2 A 1 3 A 1 4 A 1 5 A for # counting B fitted B amount B to B In B unrque B reasons B to b stored B to B e x a m i n a t i oBn total B Whereas B nori nd B B to C C installed C rar9eness C Into C on C individual C intentions C with c deposited C o9or r)L C research C SUM C l-)oqnito C C time stride C l-A^aih6r with plus built-in size beside a t only functions b v reserved for test added However <i:no walk D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D o f including fixed range b v b v same purposes for collected through investigation complete Eventhough stretch step .this new conveniencedoesn't come cheap. .A u s t r a lai an d N e w Z e a l a n dF . Theylet me takethe dayoff yesterday allowed I the day off yesterday Peoplebelievethat the traincrashwas caused b y a s i g n afla i l u r e believed lt .. . r e9 ) on a central computer The next step is to have your pet vaccinated 10) rabiesThenafter a follow-upblood 11) .including the wordin bold. a PETS Certificate or passportwill be issuedand your pet canset off with you Of course. you can safelyand easilytake your pet with you when you travel to many European c o u n t r i e as n d t o a n u m b e r of long haul destinations 1 ) . with the 12) costof the procedure amountingto f200 13) w h e n c o m p a r e dt o t h e o l d w a y .. .

+j: . t C h i n e s ies in Taiwan 2 Haveyou invitedto the party? 3 She will have working here for iwenty-fiveyearswhen sheretires 4 That'sthe house I grew up 5 The demonstrators want to stop the law from .. 17 Circle 1 He f o r t h a t p h o n ec a l ls i n c e5 o . Thereisan example (0)at the beginning. 16 thecorrect item. OpenCloze Readthe text belowandthinkof the wordwhich bestfitseachspace..=. g e t o n l i n ea n dg e t a h e a c .offeringto matchjob huntersto suitable a d v e r t i s e m e nht sa. passed This is Peter James is the new c o m p u t etre c h n i c r a n H e h a s b e e ns t u d y i n ga l l n i g h t H e be exhausted 8 It is that he will be the nextpresident 9 Thesaucewas made freshherbs 1 0 The priceof computersis expected Ise 113 . w e l l p a i da s t h e o n e h e h a 5n o w A not B more C slightly D as i r*rl-r. l''r'' I t . . i f . l o't i 1". 18 Fillinthemissing 'l % b l 1 t "' . C by D to 1 0 H e c a n ' t c o m e b e c a u s eh e to work overttmeeverynightthisweek A makes C i sm a k i n g B i s b e i n gm a d e D i sm a d e l=:= :i. thousandsof new sites. 11) if they do not wish to work outsidea certatn area. .:. c l o c k A waits C h a sb e e nw a i t i n g B i sw a i t i n g D w i l lw a i t 2 lf I hearfromJoey. t. h u n t i n g7 ) a l i s to f t h o u s a n dosf a d v e r t i s e m e nr or s f i n d t h e o n e t h e y a r e l o o k r n gf o r T h e y c a n s i m p l y 8) r i d o f u n s u i t a b l ea d v e r t i s e m e n b t sy b e i n g specific9) their searchdetails lf they do not wish to accept a salary 10) less than f3O.ii:=. then they cantype in this informationat the start of their searchin 12) to savetnemsetves t h e t r o u b l eo f r e a d i n ga b o u tj o b st h a t a r e 1 3 ) no rnterest to them TheInternetalsoallowsthe job_seeker to sendtheirCVsto a numberof differentplacesmorequickly They can 14) get up-to-the-minuteinformation a b o u tw h i c hj o b s a r e s t i l la v a i l a b l eS o . you know C w i l lb e l e t t i n g D w i l ll e t 4 There'sno point in she'snot interested A explaining B explain 5 i w o u l dl o v e A own B to own how you feel. n e x tt i m e y o u a r e 15) the lookoutfor that exciiingnew opporrunrry. t d e p e n d so n t h e trafflc A might B must C ought D need 9 Theleakwas fixed A w i th B for a plumber.for example.more3) one million U K r e s i d e n t ss e a r c h f o r j o b s t h r o u g h t h e I n t e r n e t 4) m o n t h l n r e s p o n s5 e) this demand.v e6 ) I a u n c h e dF o rt h e thesesitesareveryconvenientThereis no more lob-seeker. i*:r-rlll '-' _[ s-G) R e v i s i o( U n n i t1 L"" 'dr L rr-' r+/ More and 0) .because C explained D to explarn my own restaurant one day C owning D to beowning 6 She b e m a r r r e d S h e w a s w e a r i n ga w e d d i n gr i n g A could B needn't C must D c an ' t 7 We to go to bed soon We'vegot a very busydaytomorrow A should B ought C must D can 8 He g e t t h e r e i n t i m e .=Gr-people today are turning to the I n t e r n etto m e e t 1 ) e m p l o y m e nnte e d sA c c o r d i n g 2) one recentsurvey. Useonlyonewordin each space.OOO.I A am letting B let 3 H i sp r e v i o ujso b w a sj u s t .

but it can be followedby that "l'mtired. We usehave+ object+ past participleto saythat we havearrangedfor someoneto do somethingfor us The pastparticiple (5hedidn'tcut herown hair) hasa passive meaningShehadherhaircutat thenewhairdresser's. We can reportsomeone's wordsa longtime aftertheyweresaid(out-of-datereporting)or a shorttime after theyweresaid(up-to-datereporting) S a y .or Evesaid. Reported: GarytoldmethathecomesfromNewcastle Ask is usedin directquestionslt is alsousedin reportedquestions and requests Direct: "Where areyougoing?" heaskedme.shehadherbagstolen." Garytoldme.but not in the exactwords We do not useinvertedcommasPersonalpronouns. Tellcanbe usedboth in directand reportedspeechlt is alwaysfollowedby a personal object(toldhrm) Direct: "lcomefromNewcastle."shesaid.T e.j- Causative form o . Reported: Heaskedmewherelwasgoing."shesaid. ."Evesaid. o o We usedirectspeechto quotesomeone's exactwords We enclosetheirwordsin invertedcommas "llivein HighfieldRoad. OR "l'mtired. (that) Reported: Shesaid shewastired. (present verb have formed with and negations of the are do/does simple)or did (pastsimple) Questions Didyouhavethecarpetscleanedlastweek? Wealsousehavesomethingdonetotalkaboutanunpleasantexperiencethatsom WehbeondKyahtaedw a s in town.A llsk Saycan be usedboth in directand reportedspeechlt is usedwith or without a personal object Whenit is usedwith a personal objectit is alwaysfollowedby to (saidto him) In reportedspeechsay is not followedby an objectpronoun."llivein HighfieldRoad. "Hurryup. Sheaskedusto hurrvup.(= her bag was stolen) Wecanusetheverbgetinsteadofhaveininform c oanl v e r s a t i ol 'nl lg e t t h e p h o t o g r a p h s d e v e l o p e d w h e n l g o tntotown." Direct: shesaidto me. 114 i l r l l l l n u uur L rr u n r L r . ." We usereportedspeechto reportthe exactmeaningof what someonesaid.possessive pronounschange adjectivesand possessive according to the meaningof the sentenceEvesaidthatshelivesin Highfield Road. Regularactiveform PresentSimple PresentContinuous P a s tS i m p l e PastContinuous FutureSimple F u t u r eC o n t i n u o u s PresentPerfect PresentPerfectContinuous PastPerfect PastPerfectContinuous Infinitive -ing form He fixeshisbike H e i s f i x i n gh i sb i k e He fixed hisbike Hewas fixing hisbike H ew i l l f i x h i sb i k e H ew i l l b e f i x i n gh i sb i k e H eh a sf i x e dh i sb i k e H e h a sb e e nf i x i n gh i sb i k e H e h a d f i x e dh i sb i k e H eh a d b e e nf i x i n gh i sb i k e H es h o u l df i x h i sb i k e It'sworth fixing hisbike Causativeform He has hisbikefixed He is havinqhisbikefixed He had hisbikefixed Hewas havinohisbikefixed Hewill havehisbikefixed H ew i l l b e h a v i n gh i sb i k ef i x e d He has had hisbikefixed He has beenhavinghisbikefixed H e h a d h a d h i sb i k ef i x e d H eh a d b e e nh a v i n gh i sb i k ef i x e d He shouldhavehisbikefixed It'sworth havinghlsbikefixed Reoorted Soeech . .

would . Somemodalverbsalsochange.that night r the day before.could. etc In reportedspeech: .aftersomebody.around.the time.good morning/afternoon etc.sname. Tenses changeas fotrows " I walk to work everyday PresentSimple " I a m g o i n gt o t h e c i n e m a PresentContinuous " I nave haveTtntsneo finishedmy homework'.:.a story.the month before.somebody so. -+ -+ **+ " l w a s p l a y i n gf o o t b a lal t 1 2 o .71rud must(obligation) .the previousmonth thisweek+ that week tomorrow+ the next/followingday nextmonth+ the month after. a lie.tonight+ that day. PastSimpleor Pastperfecr H es a i dt h a t h ew a s p l a y i n g / h abde e np l a y i n gf o o t b a lal t 1 2 PastContinuousor PastperfectContinuous H es a i dt h a t h e w o u l d g o a n db u ys o m eb r e a d . Conditional(would) Thepastperfectand pastperfectcontinuous do not changein reportedspeech ' Somewordsand time expressions changeaccording to the meaningof the sentence here+ there.the previousday yesterday now >then.the price. one from another.somebody one. the time.the difference.a favour.come+ go today.s fortune. at that/the time/moment..etc the truth. somebody the follows: will . so.t haveto 115 . Hesaid(that)he had finishedhishoinework_ Hesaid(that)he boughVhad nougfrttherr. c l o c k" PastContinuous -+ " l w i l l g o a n db u ys o m eb r e a d" I FutureSimple(will) Hesaid(that)he walkedto work everyday P a s tS i m p l e H es a i d( i h a t )h e w a s g o i n gt o t h e c i n e m i .a joke.a prayer.a fewwords.a secret.for somethrng/somebody.tell and ask hello.o needn't needn't/didn.immediately two daysago + two days before lastmonth.+ ii= ti=* w Expressions usedwith say.etc a question.tneedto/didn. PresentPerfect " I b o u g h tt h e i rn e w C D .the following month .tO.can (futurereference)>could/wouldbe able can(ability) to + may might shall ' should + p''rt.something/nothing.someone.

LEAFLFfS ANb FLYER5ARE OUR 5PECTALTY 2 5 4 pizzaldeltver (bythem). o Dida professional theirhousefor them? decorate z 4 4 / ' t t o i: lLrl lll ll iill iNll [] r [] [.rnu.asin the example. Herjacketis beingdry cleanedat the moment 3 Theirnew gasfirewas installed lastmonth 4 M y m o b i l ep h o n ew a ss t o l e nl a s tn i g h t 5 Thedoctorcheckedhisbloodpressure. Youcanhavea pizzadelivered 2 3 4 5 6 4 Rewrite the sentences usingthe causative form. in the in theexample.r NrLr] rn[]. She/order/take She/teeth/check He/trousers/a lter T h e yw i l l d e l i v eor u r f u r n i t u r eo n F r i d a y 5 T h ep l u m b eirs f i x i n qt h e s i n ki n t h e k i t c h e n 5 Complete the sentences usingthe causative. RomsPizzs Beautiful Itolisn pasta ond pizza Top stylisf ct low prices We'll developyour holidoy snops while you wcit ===--= Seclgrity We con insfoll locks. burgloralorms.ri.-.!. security lighfs.n.. 1 Ann'shairistoolongShe Theywantedto havea marqueein their garden They We still haven'ttakenour holidayphotographs to be developedWe yet .Y f e E= Li=* lr Usethe promptsto saywhatyou cando at eachof the businesses. 3 Lookat the pictures and makesentences usingthe causative form. hair/cut photographs/ develop n e wb u r g l aar l a r mi/n s t a l l leaflets/print carlrepair 2 Weareinstalling central heating thiswinter 3 T h eh a i r d r e s sceur t m v h a i rt h i sm o r n i n o 4 2 Rewritethe sentences usingthe causative form. 1 Someone isgoingio paintourhouse tomorrow Wearegoingtohaveourhouse painted tomorrow.r Lrxrrx:rtrililxrdnn. Hiscarisserviced twicea year Hehashiscarserviced twicea year. They/photograph/take Theyarehavingtheirphotographtaken.

Then. we will haveto put it in a cast Complete the sentences by fillingin the correctformof say.John is at the optician'sHe 7 Reportwhatthe doctorsaidto the patient. 117 . if we wanted anythingfromthe shops lf you seeCarol her that Harrywas looking f o r h e re a r l i e r D i dA n n ao r C h r i s a n y t h i na g b o u tw h a tt h e ya r e d o i n gt o n i g h t ? The boss John that we have to finish the reporttoday Dave that we shouldn't wait for him b e c a u s eh e m i g h t b e a b i t late He her where she would like to go for drnner I mustrememberto someone what time rne examstarts I don't want to be late Did she you why shedidn'tgo to the party lastnight? 1 0 Tina always t h a t s h e i s g o i n gt o q u i t h e r job and go back to college.asin the example.tell. so hismum Benhad an examthe followingday.or ask.rewrite themasreported speech to complete the sentences. 6 lf it is broken. asin the example. You need to arrange for someoneto repairyour roof You Mary's purse was stolen yesterdayMary Tony'snosewasbrokenduring the match. B P G o t o y o u rr o o m ! Wheredid you buy it? I-TII I was meetinghim at the he ff4l J a n er e a l l yl i k e dT i n a ' n s e ws k i r t s. h e .soTim soJim l-T0 I Wewereallgoingoutto dinner. Alisonref#me that she was goingon holidaynextweek N e i l ' sg o i n g i n t o t o w n . o s h e l-Til rh" rentwasdue. but I don't know if she ever will to sitdown' thePatient asked 1 She 2 3 4 5 6 8 Matchthe speech (A-F)tothe sentences bubbles (1-6). fTrl frtl Theboywas misbehaving.Tony T h e p a i n t e ri s p a i n t i n gB e n ' s bedroom I csksdhim wh*t tifi1€hlstr#itt *{{ivtd.asin the examole.

"Do you havethis z 3 4 5 6 shirt in a smaller stze?" Heaskedif theyhad theshirtin a smaller stze. -" ' = r. 5 6 Hesaidthathewouldcalimethenextday "lwillcallyoutomorrow..--.Readthe questions that a customer askedherandturntheminto reported questions. Joworksin a clothesshop. 12 Cross 4 SheaskedwhetherI was goingawaythe following weeKen0 5 6 7 He askedwhetherwe had playedfootballthe day before 8 9 10 Sheaskedif shecouldborrowsomemoney 118 Useof English 10 He is having had his house decoratedat the moment H e r a p p o i n t m e nwt a s t w o h o u r sa g o . c l o s eo n S a t u r d a y s ? " It'son sai T O rL l 5 'l Thecustomer asked if thetiewentwith hisshirt.uu. Change the directspeech into reported speech. " l s t h e r ea f i t t i n g room whereI can t r y i t o n ?" " How muchdoes it cost?" "Can I pay by creditcard?" "Willyou be opentomorrow?" " W h a tt i m ed o y o .. he saidthat he wasn't workingtoday ltlLrrr''. . as in theexamole.s o s h ew i l l h a v eh a db e e nh e rh a i rc u t b y n o w I don't want to cooktonight Why don't we have s o m e t h i nhga v ed e l i v e r e d ? I am havingmy eyesbe testedat the optician's this afternoon Shegot her new furniturewas delivered yesterday S h ed i d n ' th a v et h e h o u s eb e c l e a n e b d yt h e m a i d N i n as a i dm e t h a t s h e h a d a s p a r et i c k e tf o r t h e concert Emmaaskedif wherewe weregoingio meet H e a s k e dt o m e w h a t I w a s d o i n g l a t e r t h a t evenIng S h e s a i d s h e w a s s t a r t i n gh e r n e w j o b o n r n e followingweek . asin the example.'." 2 Shesaidthatshecouldspeak ltalian 5 He saidthat he neededto go to the supermarket laterthat day Shesaidthat she had seenthat film the previous week 5 Heaskedif I wouldgivehim a lift to work 6 Shesaidthat I shouldgo backtherethe following mornrng When I saw him yesterday. " 9 i .: I . as in theexamole.X €= . Error Correction outtheincorrect wordineach sentence. 2 4 10 Rewriteeachof the sentences in directspeech. . 1 . ..

. told PHOTOGRAPH everyone to smilewhilehe took the picture Spainattractshundredsof t h o u s a n dosf TOUR everyyear Didthey evercatchthe w h o b r o k ei n t o BURGLE yourflat? All of the EMPLOY compana y r ee n t i t l e dt o f o u r weekspaidholidayeachyear. S t u a r st a i d . L j " l ' l l g o a n d p i c kC l a i r eu p f r o mt h e s t a t i o n . +^l-.. o n h o l i d a yi n F r a n c e . KeyWordTransformations Studythe examples. referee) 1 4 Completeeachof the sentenceswith a word formed from the word in bold. 1 Julianarrangedfor one of the secretaries to type that letter.000 INHABIT 119 . "s h es a i d " W i l ly o u o p e na w i n d o w .so it is being delivered nextweek getting Our new sofadidn't fit in the car. had Julian by one ofthe secretaries 2 Our new sofa didn't fit in the car.Donotchange the meaning of theoriginal sentence. T h ew i n n i n g CONTEST recervesaf5000prize He is a verytalented . p r e v i o u s P a usl a i dt h a t d u r i n gt h e .motorist.specialist) verb+ ant/ent (assistant." I was on holidayin Francelastweek '.sbirthdavl party had They had a cake made for Joe'sbirthday party A t t h e m o m e n tt. E E . "M a r k 8 M a r ks a i dt h a t Claireup from the station Paulsaid.historion) verb + ee (licensee. a n d h i sl a t e sfti l m ACT was a greatsuccess She'sa .h e i rk i t c h e ni s b e i n gp a i n t e d having Theyare having their kitchen painted at themoment 3 Whichhairdresser's did you go to lastweek? get Wheredid you get your haircut lastweek? 4 P a ms a i d . WordFormation verb + erlorlar (teacher. . 13 Complete including thewordin bold. " Mike? asked Shesaidthat it was hot in there and asked Mike to opena window. LWUOy next week -^ )U +L^+ U td L :+ tt The ." l ' m g o i n gt o t h e t h e a t r ew i t h S a r a hn e x t week " was Pamtold me that she was going to the theatrewith Sarahthe followingweek 5 " W h e r es h a lw l e g o t o n i g h t ?" p a u la s k e d should 6 P a ual s k e dw h e r ew e s h o u l dg o t h a t n i g h t " l t ' sh o t i n h e r e . ltalian. correspondent) noun + an/ian (American. thesentences withtwoto fivewords.Iiar) verb/noun/adjective + ist ( we 3 He took his car to the garage couldbe fixed having He a t t h e g a r a g et o d a y 4 " l st h e m a t c ho n T Vt o n i g h t ? "s a i dR i c k whether Rick o n T Vt h a t n i g h t 5 " Y o u s h o u l dd o y o u r h o m e w o r ka f t e r d i n n p r T o m ' sm u ms a i dt o h i m told T o m ' sm u m do hishomeworkafterdinner .In eachcasethe secondsentencehas a similarmeaningto the firstsentence.atSt STUDY Andrew'sCollege 8 He'sverycreativeand he'salways wantedto be an ART Her t o l d h e rt h a t MANAGE shewould haveto do some overtimethisweek 1 0 Thetown hasabout70. I t h i n kt h a t I c a nf i x i t cout0 Stuartsaid fix it 7 sard would t 1 Theyarrangedfor a caketo be madefor Joe.

-some cases.and to try to come up 6) waysto helpmakethe shopping expenence morerelaxing andenjoyable Thirtyfive shoppers7) selected for the study Theyrangedin age between22 a n d 7 9 a n d t w o t h i r d so f t h e m w e r e f e m a l e Their heart rates and blood pressurewere recorded8) they were shopping and they were interviewed before and 9) t h e i rs h o p p i n tgr i p The study reportedsome '10) interestingresults All the male test sublecrs e x p e n e n c eadn i n c r e a s1et r ) blood pressureand heart rate.---. Thereis an example 16 F. B. t i a c a n o r ap a c k e t obf i s c u i ti su s u a l l ybai t 1 5 ) :1' '3 . . t... a f i g h t e rp i l o tg o i n gi n t o n o i n gi n t o a d a n g e r o u s b a t t l eo r a p o l i c e m a g s i t u a i i o nO n t h e o t h e r 1 3 ) .k with u p t o find before homes Despite than down through would favourite routes t o A for B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B o n from i n search after kitchens Whereas a s u p with were approved stops b v like o f C through C C C C C C C C C ! view when lives However for i n into use popular proLq) C o f C than C more D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D out with ask while lifestyles Even how over b v used liked stations for except like .t'94t .__. help identifythe stresslevel 4-) s h o p p e rds u r i n gb u s yt i m e s5 ) as Saturdays or holidays.1the local newsagent 'tr) . in .' .o s t m e n r e a l l yd o n ' i l i k e s h o p p i nagt a l l ! - .. Use onlyonewordin eachspace.s u a l l yd u e 1 3 ) . Did you know that shoppingcan 0) . computerat the front of the store A robotic'buckei'then collectsatl t1.a 3) i n v e n d i n gm a c h i n e s V e n d i n gm a c h i n e us s e dt o b e a l o t m o r e p o p u l a r4 ) : Sunday li shopping..* 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1'l 12 13 14 15 A A A A A A A A A A A A A A ' '/t 4...c o o k e df o o dv e n d i n gm a c h i n e1s0 ) to be 'fry q u i t e c o m m o n T h e o n t h e s p o t 'c h i p m a c h i n em :...__ l-.''the itemsyou want and putsthem into bagsfor youl '1\r InEuropa e n dt h e U S . t:_:": t' a.-.L. h o c o l a t e bars or stamps.-=it ' O p e nC l o z e 1 5 Readthe text belowandthinkof the wordwhichbestfitseachspace. a s o f td r i n ki n adisappointment . i n J a p a nv..-. write 8) the code j n u m b e r so f t h e p r o d u c t st h e y w a n t a n d p u n c h t h e m 9 ) a i. some reachinglevels s i m i l a1r 2 ). T o d a yw. underwear..whether it's going to the 7:::.1 L-.fu*E=*sfi* What do live frogs. i c o m m o n ?T h e a n s w e ri s t h e y a r e . e g g sa n d o t h e rs t a p l ef o o d i t e m s 6 ) .--. 'j:-:: 1. supermarl<et or lust buyinEa newspaperfrom t_.__._ L-..' . t e c h n i c adli f f i c u l t i easn.. .a z + :il=:".i our 5) in the 1950'sthat sold bread. e n d i n gm a c h i n e s are still as popular 7) ever They even have fully automated 'a convenjence storeswherecustomers come in...but believeit or not._::: i:----.C or D which (0)at the beginning. M u l t i p lC e h o i cC eloze Readthe text beloWthencirclethe answerA.vras carried3) by a {" consultingfirm hired by a largeNorth London |-':shopping centre The aim of the studywas to l.1 Therewere evenmachines .& a l l i t e m st a k e n 1 ) a v e r yl o n g l i s t of objectsthat can be bought from v e n d i n g m a c h i n e sM o s t o f u s a r e familiar 2\ more traditional m a c h i n et sh a t s e l ls o f td r i n k sc.shoppingcan be 2) .24 hr convenience storesand fast food restaurants entered ':. example L::. i c r oh a m b u r g e r s andpizzadispensers wereparticularly 11) with university students i a n d i n a m u s e m e natr c a d e s ..-1. stressful that it couldleadto healthproblems l-1 The study --. u t u n f o r t u n a t e l u y . only one in four of the 14) test subjects e x p e r i e n c ecdh a n g e sr n b l o o d p r e s s u r ea n d heartrate The conclusions drawn 'l5) ihis s t u d y s h o w t h a t w o m e n a r e g e n e r a l l ym o r e e x p e r i e n c eadn d c o m f o r t a b l ew l t h s h o p p i n g L e s ss u r p r i s i n g l m y .::-baci f o r y o u rh e a l t h ?F o rm a n yo f u ss h o p p r nigs p a r L of our dailyroutine. bestfitsthe space. Thereis an (0)at the beginning.. e s t i l lf i n dv e n d i n gm a c h i n ei sn b u sa n dt r a r n1 2 ) i a n di n h o t e l a n d h o s p i t al o b b i e sb. y t h i n g m o r ec o m p l i c a t e1d4 ) . a recent ttrdy by a Britishresearcher hasshownthat. p o a c h e de g g sa n d c a p p u c c i naol l h a v e 0 ) .. t h e r ea r e n ' tt o o m a n yi t e m sy o u c a n ' t . ..

. . . money. .... .. fatherowns the localgarage.. you .is t r a i n i n gt o b e c o m ea m e c h a n i c A who's B whose C that D which 't'l Anna A said B told that the film startsat 9 o' clock C asked D askedme 12 Excuseme.. I was from Egypt 1 4 We're playingtennis tomorrow WCCK A hasbeen B w i l ib e 15 He had . I gave him s o m e t h i nega r l i e r . 17 Circle I was soakingwet becauseas | . C besolving D havebeensolving A havesolved B solved word.. A buy C buying B to buy D to buying Please A shall I borrowthat new CD of yours? B must C can D shoulo Oh. could you . have fed the dog.. backfrom the shopsit startedto pourwith rain A walk C hadwalked B w a sw a l k i n g D h a db e e nw a l k i n g 2 Youwon't passthe course . . . .. 1 1 We are forward to our summer holiday 1 2 Let'shavedinner.. to go to Portugaleverysummer when I wasyoung This novelis lesssuccessful .l'll buy a new car The children allowedto join in the party Theyall hada greattime That is the stadium me0at.. . hishairdyedyesterday. . 18 Fillinthecorrect I . t h e c a r p e tc l e a n e dt h a t m o r n i n g and it lookedas good as new A has C had B have D i sh a v i n g C had been D w o u l db e ratns 15 He. A mustn't C couldn't B oughtn't D needn't The escapedprisoner dangerous A believes B is believed C had believed D believed Thesaucewas made Awit h Bb y .. the mystery. . I won the gold By September. t o m et h a t I s h o u l dc a l lb a c ki n a n h o u r A asked C said B expressed D told 18 forget what he told you lt's very rmportant A mustn't B needn't C d o n ' th a v et o D oughtn't 19 Haveyou decidedwhere t h i ss u m m e r ? A g o C to going B begoing D togo 20 Thedetectiveisthoughtto . the last leavebeforeit rains It's worth SUmmer a n e w s w i m s u i tt h i s T h et r a i nw i l l get there arrrvedby the time we lf I have. one. cheeseand cream C fo r D to to be armed and 1 0 George. he wiil have herefor fiveyears 1 0 Hesaidthat he working go to the banklater.. eatingby the time we arrive A w i l l h a v ef i n i s h e d C a r ef i n i s h i n g B w i l lf i n i s h D h a df i n i s h e d I regretnot lastweek A see B to see Cathywhen shewas in town C seeing D to be seeing H e h a sd e c i d e d .effirmr?t$llffiff s =# - (Units Revision 1-7) thecorrect item. you work hard A whether B if C when D unless They. . . ... 1 3 He askedme we? . a n e w c o m p u t e r .. . . . please? A say 1 3 They B tell what the time is C asked D tell me the weddinginvitationsprintedlast week A have B arehaving 1 4 He said that he C had D havehad in Belfastthe following 1 6 | d i d n ' th e a ry o u A to come B havecome h o m el a s tn i g h t C come D coming 1 7 H e. ... . 121 . You had . . .. . .

R r \ Lo y un! Jr Lj p J / q t c JSU ryryn L JnL p t vc t . Heinsistedon payingthebill. Headvisedme to applyfor thejob." "Theflightwill bedelayedbyhalfan hour." "lknewnothingaboutit.requests." "Would youlikemeto carrythosebagsforyou?" "l'llgiveyouthemoneybacktomorrow.we usean appropriate introductory verb Introductory verbsareusedwith the to-infinitive. Heofferedto carrythebagsfor me Hepromisedto givemethemoneybackthenextday. Heclaimedto knownothingaboutit." "l'mthebestplayerin theteam. please.r""*. Herefusedto apologiseto her. Hedemanded to speakto themanager. Theverbsmarkedwith an asterisk canalsobe followedby a that-clausein reportedspeech Heclaimedthat heknewnothinqaboutit. going to thebeachthenextday. Heboastedabout/ofbeingthebestplayerin the team. Heorderedme to go anddo it immediately. I brokethewindow. etc .*r :{'." "Youshouldenterthecompetition." "llikeherlessons because she'sa verygood teacher. instructionsetc." "Becareful. Hecomplained(tome)of/abouthavingaterrible headache." ask "Couldyougivemea lift to work?" beg "Please. Hesuggested Heexplained that heIikedherlessons because she wasa verygoodteacher. J c r\LyvrLLv To reportcommands. t i nt n \_L\. you haveto helpme." + . Hecommanded themto put theirhandsin theair." advise ailow "Youcango out withyourfriends. . Headmitted(to)breaking/havingbrokenthe window. Hebeggedme to helphim." a p o l o g i sfeo r * boastabouVof "l'msorryI haven'tfinishedthiswork. Heaskedme to givehim a lift to work. Heinformedusthat theflight wouldbe delayed byhalfan hour. Heapologisedfor not havingfinishedthework.i n gf o r m accusesb of * a d m i t( t o ) "She stolethemoney." + sb+ to-infinitive "Youshouldapplyforthatjob." "Behave yourself or l'llsendyouto bed. R e n n r f e d f! vor rm mi l :| nr udr cr v. Heinvitedme to go overfor dinnerthefollowing night." rnvite "Willyoucomeoverfordinnertomorrownight?" order * remind * warn "Goanddoit st once!" "Don'tforgetto watertheflowers." encourage forbid "Youcannotgo to theparty. Heremindedme to watertheflowers Hewarnedmenot to touchtheoven." "No." "lamgoingtopaythebill. Heallowedme to go out withmy friends. Heforbademe to go to theparty. Hethreatened to sendmeto bedif I didn'tbehave myself." "Whydon'twego to thebeachtomorrow." Reportedspeech Heagreedto helpmewith thedecorating. Heencouraged meto enterthecompetition. Hedeniedtaking/havingtakenmykeys." command "Putyourhandsin theair." "Yes.suggestions. don'ttouchtheoven.J ." "l wantto speakto themanager." * c o m p l a i (nt o s b ) oflabout * deny " i n s i sot n * suggest "lhavea terrible " headache + that clause explain i n f o r ms b * 122 lLrrrirLiirNLrr0L "ldidn'ttakeyourkeys.I won'tapologise to her. p t. Heaccusedherof stealingthemoney.the -ing form or a that-clause Introductoryverb Directspeech + to infinitive agree * claim demand offer * promrse refuse * threaten 'l'llhelpyouwith thedecorating.

a n dc a nb e u s e dw i t h . almost none. A l i t t l em e a n sn o t m u c hb u t e n o u g h Thereisa little milk left. o A few meansnot many but enough There area fewapplesleft.rarely I haveneverbeen N o t e :W e u s ea s i n g u l avre r bw i t h c o m p o u n dosf s o m e a . never..very for emphasis Thereis (very)little trafficat that time of night.A little/Littre A f e w a n df e w a r eu s e dw i t h p l u r a lc o u n t a b l en o u n s A l i t t l ea n d l i t t l ea r eu s e dw i t h u n c o u n t a b l ne o u n s ' n .a l m o s tn o n e .wouldyou likeone? Few don'tneedto buyanytoday. to meanall.and can be usedwith very for empnasrsThereare (very)few placesfor youngpeopleto go in thevillage. n y a n d n o Thereis nothingwecando.Thebusesleaveeveryfive p r a c t i c a l layn dw i t h o u t A few/Few.ffirmrmffiffi$ @ 6m m% 'l:. everyone. Wego to Scotlandeverysummer. 123 . L i t t l em e a n sh a r d l ya n y .

He h a v i n gb r o k e nt h e g l a s s 3 Fillin the correctformof the reporting verbsfrom the list. T h et e a c h e r l p r o m i s e d . 2 3 4 5 6 "lt would be a good ideafor you to join a gym " "Don't forgetit's Dawn'sbirthdayon Friday" "Wouldyou likea lift to the station. refuse. burger o 7 8 9 10 . " Herefusedto helpmeanymore.ffiilf &{3m%ffi l." She not comingto the party "Youwerespeeding He . . Warn. m eo f s p e e d i n g 5 " N o .. ... suggest . poraro spaghettl . him to get moreexercise i . aCCUSe "Wouldyou likeme to helpyou with youressay?" She to helpme with my essay " S h a lwl e g o t o t h e c o n c e rot n F r i d a n yight? goingto the concerton Friday He . Helen boastedabout i h. e a r n i n ga l o t o f m o n e y to sendthe studentsto Herparents the headmaster. night " l'm sorryI didn'tcometo the party. flce . that he had beenlatefor work because he had missedthe bus 4 124 Rewritethe followingsentencesin reportedspeech usingan appropriateintroductoryverb.t to go to the party i . 1 " N o .as in the example. .. l w o n ' t h e l py o ua n ym o r e . . . "You'renot allowedto watchthat film lt's not suitablefor children" "We'rehavinga dinnerpartyon SaturdayWould y o ua n d P a u l i k et o c o m e ? " "Do you knowwherethe nearestbankis?" "lt wasn'tme who ate all of the biscuits" "l insistthat you refundthe moneyimmediately " 7 8 9 10 4 Fill in o/an or some.' " lt will be verydangerous! " Matchthe columns to makesentences.l w o n ' t d o i t " to do it 6 | was latefor work because I missedthe bus He . .. . deny. .tomorrow?" " l t w a sM i k ew h o b r o k et h e c o m p u t e"r ..I d i d n ' tb r e a kt h e g l a s s" . . apologise for . a p p l ej u i c e fruit ... . to do whateverthey couldj Thedoctor i n s i s t eodn rn hotn 2 He me that it would be very dangerous " N o . Offer. .egg rea . . milk chip . m a k i n ga l lo f t h e Carl advised herself i arrangements They th reatened .l'. 1 2 3 4 5 . explain.

& 5 Write C(for countable)or U (for uncountable)next to eachof the nouns. sugar . sir.Then. we have a left How . t h e r e . o f u s w a s a s k e dt o s t a n du p a n d introduceourselves to the group P e n n ya n d h e r s i s t e r g e t o n v e r y w e l l w i t h other Trainsto the town centre leave twenty minutes Theyarea verygoodteam Theyhavewon almost gamethey'veplayedthisseason l a nc o u l d n ' dt e c i d ew h e t h e rt o h a v et h e i c ec r e a n r or the chocolate c a k e .re late Fill in is.mussel .Accommodationin London very expenstve u-tn F 4 A . yogurt .usethem to make up sentences.j u s t g i v em e m i n u t e sa n d l .(countable) Thereissomespaghetti.a little. Ron must be very fit. l ' m a f r a i d Most of the guestshad left but therewere stilla c o u p l e o f p e o p l e s t a n d i n ga r o u n d c h a t t i n g What can you see in the picture?Whichthingsare c o u n t a b l ea n d w h i c h u n c o u n t a b l e ? T h e y h a d m a d ea l o t o f f o o d b u t o n l y a s m a l l a m o u n to f i t w a se a t e n S h e s p e a k sf l u e n t F r e n c ha n d s o m e l t a l i a n H a r d l ya n y s t u d e n tsst u d yL a t i na n da n c i e nG t reek at schoolthesedays There'sa small amount of stew ieft. D o y o u t h i n kw e i n v i t e dt o o people to the party? B : M a y b eT h e r ei s n ' t r o o mI n n e r e 5 A : We haven'tgot time you know B : I k n o w . It'sbeentwo or threeweekssinceI spoketo Carol It'sa seriousproblembut there'snot muchwe can d o a b o u ti t .I s e eh i m i n t h e r e Thereisan apple.or verylittle. oilleft cheesesandwichf. the mostdifficult 7 Wouldyou like glassof water? 8 .(o)Iittle.n"t n. many.any. much.flour .. pear oregano . s h: t ? Not manypeoplewouldarguewith you aboutthat 10 Complete the sentences fillingin eachor every. (a)few.s o h e t r i e d a l i t t l eb i t o f of them 125 . l l be ready lt doesn'tmatter if we. omelette 6 u 9 Replace the wordsin bold with afew.(uncountable) etc I Completethe dialoguesby filling in some. sv e r y . 1 I want to buy new clothesthisweekend 2 thereany potatoesleft? 3 Broccoli verygood for you 4 | was hoping you could give me information 5 H e i s l o o k i n gf o r n e wf l a t 6 Theysay that the first two weeksof the course . would you l i k et o f i n . as in the example. are. w o u l dy o u l i k e ? .ketchup grapefruit .very few. a(n)or some.shallI make chips? B : l d o n ' t t h i n k y o u ' l lb e a b l et o .please. practically t i m e I w a l kp a s t h e g y m .. ? l'd likea cheese sandwichanda glassof orangejuice. We'vegot a potatoes. 1 A : H a v ew e g o t B : Y e sl t h i n k t h e r e ' s m o r eo r a n g ej u i c e ? left 2 A: Are there ticketsleft for the Friday n i g h tp e r f o r m a n c e ? B: Yes. 7 d ' " - .

# 1'l ti. In eachcasethe second sentence hasa similar meaning to thefirstsentence. applesr strawberries makeup sentences. soup. Usethe promptsandseverol. chocolates . salad. milk .!ittrr\jftjl::ltlin!!::{a. i i r r i i i .\.I w i l lw a l kt h e d o g t o d a y" a g r e e d B e na g r e e dt o w a l k t h e d o g t h a t d a y 4 Thereisverylittlebreadleft hardly Thereis hardlyany breadleft 5 | l o o k e di n t h e b a gb u t t h e r ew a s n ' ta n y t h i n gi n i t n o t h i n g I l o o k e di n t h e b a gb u t t h e r ew a s n o t h i n g init 6 5 h er e a l l yl i k e st h a t a c t o ra n ds h eh a ss e e na l lo f h i s films every S h er e a l l yl i k e st h a t a c t o ra n ds h eh a ss e e n '"..iiiltirr7:'." O K . Arethereanytomatoes? B: Yes.onytno or their compounds. asintheexamples. 13 Askandanswer .:. 2 A: Didyoubuy muchcoffee? B: in the example. raspberries .o few. everyone of hisfilms..not many.ti lol {' x' l 6 a l o tn f n n < f n areno n n n l o c A: Didyoubuy manyeggs? justa few.ii =lllii\ir:l\liktJ:. T h e yk n e w a b o u ti t u n t i li t w a st o o late 9 We are determinedto go hot and s u n n yf o r o u r h o l i d a ytsh i sy e a r 1 0 | l o v et h a t s o n g .a little.. broccoli . icecream. orange juice Fl iil' . b u t I c o u l d n 'fti n d it A n d ya n d J i mm u s th a v el e f t a l r e a d yI c a l l e dt h e i r flat but answered. o lot of.thenin pairsaskand questions. lentils. " Don'tforgetto buy a birthdaycard s a r dt o m e remindedAmy remindedme to buy a birthdaycard for Phil 2 " G e t o u t o f t h e c a r l" t h e p o l i c e m asnh o u t e da t t h e m ordered Thepoliceman orderedthem to get out of thecar 3 B e ns a i d . cake. 12 Fillin some. q*%ffi 4'{'"'t a.::!t_i!. therearea fewtomatoes. B: No. morepasta? 3 l'm afraidthere's cakeleft 4 Will you get l a m b c h o p sw h e n you'reat the supermarket? 5 l st h e r e I c a nd o t o h e l p ? 6 | l o o k e da l lo v e rt h e h o u s ef o r i t . . Lookat the pictures again.l ' v e n e v e rh e a r d likeit before ' KeyWordTransformations Studythe examples.:irf.i-'lril . crisps. { .l\!ir. 126 1 We were lost so we asked:*neb*dy/rcn's**t for directions 2 Havewe got .!i{ii1F-3ir!!:niitrifr jnr. etc A. beans. tomatoes r*. Lookat the pictures showingdifferentfoods. {.. answers asin the example. otr Useof English b . biscuits . asin the examples. pasta.


withtwoto fivewords,
14 Complete
thewordin bold.Donotchange
of theoriginal

He has a very good job and he earnsa lots of
1 0 D o y o u t h i n kt h e r ei s t o o h o w m u c hg a r l i ci n t h i s

" l ' m n o t g o i n gt o l e n dy o ua n ym o r em o n e y ,J, 'a c k
told Rob

any moremoney

C h l o es a i d , " l ' m a f r a i di t ' s m y f a u l t t h a t w e , r e
faultthat theywere late
"YesEve,you cango and watchthe film,,'herdad
allowed Eve'sdad
a n dw a t c ht h e f i l m .
"Yes,l've got a lot of work to do this week,,,he
s ar d
admitted He
a lot of work to do that week
Shehad nowhereto staythat night
anywhere 5he
s t a yt h a t n i g h t
The exam was very difficult and most of the
. the studentspassed
" D o n ' tf o r g e t o c a l lJ i m , "A n n es a i dt o m e
reminded Anne
We onlyhavea verysmallamountof cheeseleft

. ErrorCorrection
1 5 Cross
Dawnwarnedto us that it was probablygoingto
rainlaterthat day.
them to callthe policeif they didn't
turn the musicdown
H es u g g e s t eodn g o i n gs h o p p i n tgh e n e x td a y
4 J i l ld e n i e dt h a t h a v i n gc a u s e tdh e a c c i d e n t
5 Will you buy some of rice when you go to the
There'sa very little coffee left Would you like
a n o t h e cr u p ?
I was sureit was the right room but therewas nor
She lovesthat singerand she,sgot everyone CD


-ship: (addedto nounsthat referto people)
to the state, experienceor skill of these
people(citizenship, friendship)
(addedto nounsthat referto people)refers
to the states,conditions
or periodsof time in
which sth is experienced(boyhood,
- m e n t : (added to verbs) refers to
the processof
m a k i n go r d o i n g s t h , o r t h e r e s u l to f t h i s
-ne5s: (addedto adjectives)refers
to the state or
by the adjective(carelessness,

nounfromthewordin bold.
16 Formthecorrect


En *%ffi
. OpenCloze

1 7 Readthe text belowandthinkof the

wordwhichbestfits eachspace.
onlyonewordin eachspace.
(0)at the beginning.

. Multiple

1 8 Readthe text below,thencirclethe answerA, B,C or D which
(0)at the beginning.
bestfitsthe space.
Thereisan example

ave b
B a n a n a sh
e c o m e B r i t a i n ' s.
a r d l y, ,
0) ttt*st popular fruit. lt is h
s u r p r i s i n gs i n c e t h i s b r i g h t
y e l l o wt r o p i c a lf r u i t h a s s o
lt tastes
m u c ht o 1 )
s w e e t a n d d e l i c i o u si,t i s
w i t h v i t a m i n sa n d
m i n e r a lasn di sv e r y3 )
v , i ynLp
r srt

Ran,an:s elso contain a

mixtureof threedifferentsugarscombined4)
your systeman instantburst 5)
energy They are enjoyedby
their energy
many world classathletes,who use them to 6)
levelsup duringcompetitions7) . . . fact,they areoftentakenonto
CentreCourtfor a mid-gamesnackby leadingtennisstarsor eatenat
famousfootballersEvengolferscarrythem around'
' t o e a t d u r i n gt h e i rg a m e B a n a n a9s)
. . m a k ea g r e a tb r e a k f a sotr
snack for studentsas they are 10) . .,
in potassium,viial for
improvingconcentrationWhat's more, it's not only humanswho,:i'
enjoythe benefitsHorsetrainersusebananasto boostthe
of their four-leggedathletes.As you can see, bananas
for everyoneWe can all increase
our dailyvitalitywith the
. of our
h e l po f t h i s u n i q u ef r u i t .S i m p l ys l i c i n ga b a n a n ao n 1 4 ) .
b r e a k f a scte r e a le, a t i n go n e w i t h o u r l u n c ho r j u s t s n a c k i n o
gn one
t h e d a yc a nh e l pu s k e e po u r e n e r g yl e v e l hs i g h

O A much
: 1 A grve
2 A pacKe0
3 A srmple
4 A to
5 A of
6 A match
7 A To
8 A with
9 A al s o
1 0 A wealthy
A might
1 2 A effect
1 3 4 do
1 4 A top
1 5 A while




complete C

comfortable D

b v
l n
a s







14 | havenevermet .
A anyone
B everyone

19 Circle


l ' m t o o t i r e d.
A g o
B togo


It's going to be a huge party.They have invited
they know
A somebody
C nobody
B anybody
D everybody

C going
D for going

18 My boss
A asked
B said

2 0 A


1 0 He

an extrasetof keyscut afterBlllmoved

A has
B i sh a v i n g

C h a sb e e nh a v r n g
D had

1 1 H e.
t h a t h e w o u l dc a l lh e rb a c kl a t e r
A offered
C asked
B promised
D refused
1 2 H eb o a s t e d
. . w i n n i n gh i st e n n i sm a t c f r .
A about B on
C for

1 3 I'm not sureif I will havetime to meet you later
A lot

of thingsto do today
B many C lots
D much

of my friendsnow work in London
B many C lot
D all

I was gettingreadyfor work

The thieves
. shortlyafter the robberytook
A werearrested
C havebeenarrested
B arebeingarrested D will be arrested
.. a

C insisted
D explained

19 Anna is very stressedShe saysshe has
t h i n g st o d o
A verymany
C too many
B verymuch
D too much

m o r et h a n a h u n d r e dy e a r s
C w a sb u i l t
D w a sb u i l d i n g

me to work on Saturdaythis


l ' m s u r eh e
h a v et o l d u s i f h e h a d k n o w n
A must
B can
C would D ought

After beinggiventhe award,the actor
few words
A told
C requested
B said
D talked

biscuitsleft Helpyourself
B afew
C little
D alittle

17 He
us to take the train because
the traffic
was verybad.
A offered
C forbade
B advised
D suggested

In the end he
. to go to the librarybecause
he foundallthe information
that he wantedon the
A needhave
B needn,t
C need
D d i d n , tn e e d

T h e i rh o u s e
A h a db u i l t
B i sb u i l d i n g

assmartas her before
C no one
D nobody

A few

I a m g o i n gt o b e da ss o o na st h e f i l m
A finished
C finishes
B i sf i n i s h i n g
D w i l lf i n i s h
t h a nj u l j e
C t a l l e s t D a st a l l



How long .. .
did you leaveuniversity?
A ago
B when C before D earlier

3 J a n em u s tb e s l i g h t l y
A tall
B taller


the doorbell

H e h a sb e e nw o r k i n gh e r e. ,

| can't believe

m o r et h a n 1 5


0e JU next

t o g i v e m y s i s t e ra lift to the airport

5 The car

stolen from


Lauraaskedme .




Jimwas comingor not.

. hishousepaintedby a professional

8 I trustAlex l'm surehe was . . .
the truth
9 There'svery .,
orange juice left in the
carton We needto buy some

1 0 Sheapologised
't1 The

forgettingmy birthday

saucewasveryspicyI think I put too
c h i l l pi o w d e ri n i t .
1 2 l ' m a f r a i dt h e r ei s n ' t
1 3 5he claimed

finishedthe report

1 5 Shewas carryinga suitcase



lf onlyit wouldstopraining.+ V Pd)L lwishyouwauldcometo lessons on time. ltl:l' 130 .ffiffir &mw%ffi a to saythat we would like somethingto be differentin the present fn ovnra<< ranrai ehnr rt s o m e t h i nw g h i c hh a p p e n e d n rl U n lli U d nl ' ' t L 'h l: on V n oVnC | | l.. lnl JL-lhl ca n . a desirefor a situationor n e r s o n 'bse h a v i o rtror change . l to express: o p o l i t ei m p e r a t i v e .

|. we r*wfdgw(go) to the clnema. | (write) a ietterof complaintto the company lf I hadn'tgot stuckin traffic.e Iftwere you. 131 ..| .. t h e yw o u i df i n da b i g g e rf l a t I wouldapplyfor that '"1 "' rrf lf I had knownit wasyourbirthday. my own house lf you hadstudiedharder.. e (grow)our own vegetables Putthe verbsin brackets intothe correcttense.I (buy)you a present.lwouldappty forthatjob. l f t h e yh a dm o r e "ft money.. "$ -li 3 lf you left right away. (forgive)you 1 0 l f w e h a da g a r d e nw. .-}p 1 lf I wereyou..we . "\ "\ a b c d e Job f you mightstillcatch t h et r a i n 1. "\ 2 l f N e i ld i d n ' t to work tonight. lno) (visit)yourparentsmoreoften lf I werean (not/fail)yourexams 9 l f y o u h a dt o l d h i mt h e t r u t h ..*. lf we had beeninvitedto the wedding. lf you didn't haveto *ort on Sutrrduyr. 2 B he wouldcomewith us. (not/miss)the train. ' -{. I c o u l dl e a r na f o r e i g n language w e c o u l dv i s i th e rm o r e often.h e . 1 lf we hadenoughmoney. lf I were you. asin the example.' l f E m m ad i d n ' tl i v e '\ so far away. .1 Matchthe itemsin columnA with thosein column B to in the example. lf I had morefree 3 't time.. (design) . "lv A ..

. the example. 5 1 0 l f M a r kh a d n ' tb r o k e nh i sl e g . type2 or type3 conditional g o l C a r i b b e ai snl a n d invite/all my friends Whatwouldyoudo if yo1 wantedto loseweight? If I wanted toloseweight. .I eauld kavet:*ugtttu ncwe6r 2 4 5 l f I w a s n ' ts o t i r e d .-. 7 8 9 lf we hadseenHarry..etc toloseweight..# &*%ffi Lookat the pictures..-. thenusethe promptsto write sentences. Thenmakeup extra sentences for eachsituation. usingyourown ideas. F r a n k / p a irlkl e g a l l y / n o t Julie/nothavea laptop/notbe get parkingticket able/workfrom home 2 you/win/two ticketsto watchyourlocalfootball 3 4 5 6 6 Jennifer/not studyhard/not graduatefrom university 4 Stanley/read notes/ not failltest using Lookat thepictures andmakeupsentences the prompts.. 1 lf I hadbeengivena payrise.-.. 132 I lLr uu.. I wouldstartgoingto thegym.askandanswerquestions aboutwhatyou asin woulddo in eachof the followingsituations. 6 l f y o u h a dc a l l e dm e e a r l i e r . l f I w a sg o i n go n h o l i d a y . ..-. . lf you had readthat book. lf Lucyhad a betterjob.. asin theexample. 1 you/meeVyour favourite singer you you metyourfavourite singer? A: Whatwould doif for B: lf I metmyfavourite singer. lf I wereyou.. l f i t w a ss n o w i n g .asin the example. I wouldaskhim/her anautograph.lwould 2 wonthe lottery? 3 hadtwo week'sholiday? 4 moved to a newhouse? 5 In pairs. team yourhouse a new sportscentre/open/near yourfriends/have/a fancydressparty town the circus/visiVyour you/havea choice/goto a basketballmatch or musicconcert classical Complete the sentences usingtype2 or type3 conditionals. lf lwanted eata healthy diet..

. I Readthe story below and rewrite it usingtype 3 conditionalsentences. \ I shouldhave i studiedfor ihe r.garller lastnight 1. .... 2 noVbe/so tirednow 3 noVneedto/lookfor anotherone now 4 be ableto/answerthe questions 5 noVhave/this hugecreditcardbill 6 noVstillwork/onit now " " " ' ' b " n" " + ni u' ar .. 133 .h.r h.. lf myfriends hadarrived I wouldn't beborednow...asin the example. 1 | didn'tstudyFrench at school I wbhI hadstudied French atschool..... t payfor her groceriesShewent to the carto get her pursebut the streetwas emptyand her car h a d d i s a p p e a r eSdh ec a l l e dt h e p o l i c et o r e p o r t t h a t h e rc a rh a db e e ns t o l e nT h ep o l i c et o l d h e r that her car had beentowed awaybecauseshe h a dp a r k e di t i n a n o .so sheparkedon the street.... | forgotto sendmy sistera birthdaycard | lostmy goldbracelet Rewritethe sentences aswishesandsaywhich onesareregrets andwhich areunrealsituations. My friends s h o u l dh a v e arrived .p a r k i nzgo n e H e rh u s b a n d had to go down to the policestationand pay t h e f i n es o t h a t s h ec o u l dg e t h e rc a rb a c k ls h o u l dh a v e beenmore sensible I shouldhave startedthis reportearlier. as in the examples...!l\ w ?T: tq9% ry 7 Lookat the pictures andcomplete the wishes. r lshouldn't r. havequit my \"! iob "". I t w a sS a t u r d am y o r n i n ga n d M r sJ e n k i nhs a dt o go to the supermarketto buy the weekly groceriesThecarparkwasfull.becauseI don't want to wait around f o r h i mt o d a y 2 | would ratheryou (not/go) to that partyyesterday 3 l t h l n k h e w o u l dr a t h e r (not/watch)the film He didn't seemto enjoy it much l'drather ( p l a y t) e n n i st h a n .i.. Then makemixedconditional sentences usingthe prompts.t haveparKea on thestreet. test '\. lf thecarparkhadn'tbeenfull.. g o s w t m m t nn g e x tw e e k e n d I would ratherthey (try) to fix the computerthemselves beforethey askedme to do it 6 I would ratheryou (catch) a l a t e rt r a i n 7 Would you rather I (call) you or sentyou a text m e s s a g e ? 8. (unrealsituation) Fillin the correctverbform.The supermarketwas so crowded t h a t i t t o o k h e ro v e ra n h o u rt o d o h e rs h o p p i n g When she got to the cashier. she realisedthat s h eh a d l e f t h e r p u r s ei n t h e c a r . . - 5 6 7 8 9 i \. .r .. as in the example.1 I can'taffordto buy a motorbike My fatherwon't let me drivehisnew car. 1 i would rather the plumber {#ftt€ (come) tomorrow. i r r dr ( i l . i l .!..r .'i'' l i I shouldhave i goneto bed t.. l'd rather (wait) for Saran ihan go on withouther 3 | leftmyumbrella on thebus 4 | don'tknowhowto usea computer..s o s h ec o u l d n .shewouldn.(egret) 2 | haven't gota CDplayer lwishlhada CDplayer. 10 1 noVbe/bored now I wbhmyfriends hadarrived. { i i di . . asin the example.

l jeans toschool.because andyourownideas. . couldwearmy You are a bit short of moneyand your bossasks you to work overtimeon Fridaybut you had a l r e a d yp l a n n e dt o g o t o t h e c i n e m aw i t h y o u r I haveto attend lortr rre< hr ri iharr :ro hoci friannl +hr+ ninh+ cn hnrinn Yourfriendscan'tdecidewhetherto go to a club to'norrownightor out for a mealat a restaurant Useof English ' Error Correction outtheincorrect wordin eachsentence. 1 Y o u rf r i e n d sa r eg o i n go n h o l i d a tyo a G r e e ki s l a n d but the sameweek your parentshaveofferedto takevou to Pariswith them.. r-. . 2me*%ffi thenuse andspeech bubbles. 13 Cross 1 l ' d r a t h e tr o g o s w i m m i n g t h a ns a i l i n g lf I didn't haveso muchhomeworkto do. . asinthe exampre.%.t' r " ....::. :r. asintheexample. I would havetalk to my manager a b o u ti t 4 | preferto sendinge-mails to writingletters 5 l ' d r a t h e yr o u h a dc a l l e dh i m n o w 6 | wishyou would havepaymoreattention inclass 7 l f I h a d n ' th a dg o n et o t h e p a r t maynot have 11 Unless anaccident 1 2 | w i s hI h a dh a dm o r em o n e yT h e nI couldafforda hoJiday 13 I'd ratheryou havetalkedless 14 Wouldit not be OK if I borrowedyour pen? 15 You'dbetterto hirea nrivatedetertive z I m i s s e tdh e b u s t h i sm o r n i n g ::. 1 0 l f y o u h a d n ' tb e e nw o r k e ds o h a r d y.:.. questions thefollowing usingwould rather 12 Answer .'':"'' . I c o u l dt o g o o u t t o n i g h t lf I were you. 11 Lookatthepictures yourownideas to makeupsentences.I wouldtravel aroundthe world 9 | w i s hi t w o u l db e s t o pr a i n i n g . o u w o u l d n ' th a v ep a s s eydo u re x a m s you driveslowly. Yourbrotheris goingto renta videofor you both to watch Hesuggests eithera comedyor a horrorfilm It is your bifthdayand your parentsaskyou if you wouldprefersomenew clothesor a membership to a gym. w o u l d n ' th a v em e t C o l i n 8 lf I havewon the lottery. toweara school unifarm. hatehavingto weara Scnool uniform Iwouldrathergo withmy friendsbecause I loverelaxing on thebeach.

t g n o r a n c e . . h e wouldn'thavestartedhisown business OCCUR ACT INTERFERE DETECT thesentences withtwo to fivewords.ft\ltisit\lBl ""*'''""u"*''.t go out o n a s c h o onl i g h t ENTER ORGANISE 5 I l i k el t a l i a nf o o dm o r et h a nC h i n e s e prefer I preferltalianfood to Chinesefood 6 | d o n ' tf a n c yg o i n go u i t o n i g h t . .ir ifllIF"iitr4iifj :Er:iig. .examinatron _dli4:r!.urtr*unt 135 . ss t a ya t h o m e rather l'd preferto stayat homeratherthan 90 outtontght DIRECT ATTEND AFFECT 7 I t h i n ky o us h o u l dl o o kf o r a n o t h ejro b were lf I were you. . 12 Theburglarsdisguised themselves to avoid 4 My fatherdoesn'twant me to go out on a school nrght rather N/yfatherwould ratherI didn.. .:l|l H:- haveenoughmoney would rrI hade:o:sn'"T.iflirs\\ln!fi\\q4Nji 1.=i 116l\ lititiar*i. tl o s th i sj o b .&Grnmtnffi $$"'? u5 ' WordFormation . In eachcasethesecond sentence hasa similar meaning to the firstsentence.n to the party. -ence: -ton: -tion: -ation: r g n o r e. than l'd rather play football than watch it on TV nounfromthewordin u y thehouse could I f w e h a dh a de n o u g hm o n e yw.Donotchange the meaning of theoriginal sentence. .1. We expecteda large at the liveconcert Moira feit great . i" 1 t reallyregret. tg e t t h a tj o b only l f o n l yy o u h a d g o t t h a t j o b 3 | likeplaying footballbetterthanwatchingit on W. for her brother A .n".correspondence correspond collect.reduction examine.. .. from a n y o n ed u r i n gt h e m e e t i n g . I likescience fictionfilmsmorethan horrorfilms prefer I I can'topenru o*n restaurant . The electrician checked the between the two cables Getting stuck in a traffic jam has becomean everyday srnceI starteddriving 10 The governmentwill need to take to deal with this crrst5 1 1 T h e m a n a g etro l d h e r s e c r e t a rsyh e wanted no .I w o u l d g o t o n i g h t SCnOOl COMBINE DISTURB 9 W e d i d n ' th a v ee n o u g hm o n e ys o w e c o u l d n . e c o u l d h a v eb o u g h tt h e h o u s e CONNECT 10 Myhusband s t a r t e dh i so w n b u s i n e swsh e nh e l o s t h i sl o b hadn't lf myhusband h a d n .l e t . KeyWordTransformations Studytheexamples. .'".\\!''..iiri. I would look for another job 8 | d o n ' th a v et h e t i m et o g o t o n i g h ts c h o o l would l f I h a d t h e t i m e . 1 5 Complete including thewordin bold. t o t h e p e o p l ew h o w o r k e di n t h e b u i l d i n g a sp o s s i b l e . wish I wish I had gone to the party 2 W h a ta p i t yy o u d i d n . for more than ten years Theygot in the car and droveoff in the of the town centre.collection reduce. 14 Formthecorrect Therewerea few peoplestanding a r o u n do u t s i d et h e m a i n to thebuilding She has been working for the . o f g o o d l u c ka n d skilh l e l p e dh i mt o w i n t h e g a m e Thedecorators trredto causeas little .



He was drivingtoo fast so he got a
lf he
fast,he wouldn't
a speeding
I t w o u l db e a g o o di d e at o s e l tl h a t o l d
motorbikeand buy a car.
lf I
s e l lt h a t o l d m o t o r b i k ea n d
buya car.
I c o u l d n ' td r i v em y c h i l d r e nt o s c h o o l
my carbrokedown
lf my car hadn't broken
to schoolyesterday

| can'taffordto go awaythissummer
g o a w a yt h i ss u m m e r
l'vegot a lot to do this afternoon.Can
we meettomorrowmorninginstead?
l'd preferto meettomorrow
What a pity I couldn't go to my
c o u s i n 'ws e d d i n g
t o m y c o u s i n 'ws e d d i n g
I l i k e l i s t e n i n gt o r o c k m u s i c , n o t
countryand western
l'd ratherlisten

10 My bossgetsupsetwhen I leaveearly
My boss.. . .
d i d n ' tl e a v ee a r l y
1 1 We want to playtennis,but we can't


w e c o u r qp r a yr e n n r s

1 3I w i s hF i o n ah a dt o l d m e t h a t h e r s e l f
t o l d m et h a t h e r s e l f

1 4 | w i s h I h a d k e p t i n t o u c hw i t h C a r o l
I really
in touch with Carol and

I l l L , L i l l L l l L i rr i I r


Readthe text below,thencirclethe answerA, B,C or D which
(0)at the beginning.
bestfitsthe space.
Thereis an example


For some peopleflying is a
even those of us 0) who
quite enjoy this form
1 ) . . . . . . . . t r a v ecl o u l d
neverbe convinced
jump out of an
a e r o p l a n e1 0 , 0 0 0f e e t
above the
However, this is what
of skydivers
to do everyday,and what's more,
someof them claimthat everyone
it a try.
So do you 3) . .
r u s h i n gt o w a r d st h e g r o u n da t o v e r o n e
hundredand fifty kmsan hourwhile relyingon a squarepieceof cloth
to 4)
. you backdown to Earthsafely?
lf 5)
. , you havetwo optionsfor yourfirstjump Thefirstisto
m a k e a t a n d e mj u m p , w h e r e y o u w i l l b e s t r a p p e d6 )
instructorand the two of you will makethe jump together However,
t h e s e c o n do p t i o ni s u s u a l l7y )
i f y o u a r es e r i o uas b o u tt a k i n g
the sport Hereyou will go to groundschool,9)
w i l l l e a r nh o w t o s a f e l yg e t i n a n d o u t o f t h e p l a n e ,h o w t o p a c ka
parachuteand how to steerit Thenyour first jump will usuallybe a
s t a t i cl i n ej u m p .Y o uj u m p 1 0 )
y o u ro w n b u t y o u r p a r a c h u t e
after a coupleof secondsThosemight seemlike
t h e l o n g e s ta n d s c a r i e s st e c o n d so f y o u r l i f e , 1 1 )
sayit is all worth it for the incredible
feelingyou get when
y o u s e et h a t p a r a c h u toep e nu p a b o v ey o u ,a n d t h e e v e n1 2 ). . . . . . . .
amazingfeelingof achievement
that you get when you arrivesafely
b a c k1 3 )
s o l i dg r o u n dl.t ' st r u et h a t f o r m o s tp e o p l eo n ej u m pi s
y o uw o n ' t t h i n kt h e r ei sa n y t h l n g
n e v ee
r n o u g ha n db e f o r e1 4 )
s t r a n g ea b o u ts p e n d i nagl ly o u rs p a r em o n e ya n df r e ew e e k e n dpsa y i n g
to 15) . ..
t o j u m pj u s to n e m o r et l m e .

it ic r:ininn

1 2 O h n o l I f o r g o tt o c a l lA l e x
to callAlex

. M ultiple

1 A
2 A
3 A
4 A
5 A
6 A
7 A
8 A
9 A
1 0 A
11 A
1 2 A
1 3 A
1 4 A
1 5 A

! |dNe





t ur n
recommen0eo C

t o

u p
+A^t t^h

o n


b v
g o
s o
u p
t o
i n


. OpenCloze

T h i st i m e n e x tw e e kw e
A fly
B will fly

Readthe text belowandthinkof the wordwhich
Useonlyonewordin eacn
Thereisan example
(0)at the beginning.

Sorry,I nevermeant
t r a c ko f t i m e
A b e
B tobe


fur ffiifd**s.&,envfuat


C l a i r ei s m a d e
A work
B working

18 Circle
1 Hewas hot and thirstybecause
for a run
A w a sg o i n g
C h a db e e n
B went
D havebeen


C to work
D to be working

t h a t s h e w a s g o i n g t o L o n d o no n
the followingweek
A asked
C a s k e dm e
B told
D toldme

for thosewho havelittleexperience


C to bebeing
D being

J e n n yi st h e g i r l.
e n g a g e tdo W i l l
A who
B who's C which D whose

h i k i n ga n d c l i m b i n g
U n f o r t u n a t e ltyh o u g h , b e i n g a w a y
from civilisation
has its dangers,as
as its rewards,especially

the great outdoors.Beforeyou head off the
b e a t e nt r a c k y, o us h o u l db e a w a r eo f t h e r i s k sa n d
h a v et h e r i g h t e q u i p m e nw
t ith you, in 4)
anythingdoesgo wrong
O b v i o u sw
l yh a ty o u n e e dw i l ld e p e n d5 )
you are going and the detailsof your trip However,
are some essentialsthat you should never forget
p a c k H a v i n ga c o m p a sas n d a m a p i s c l e a r l y
, neverfjnd yourdestination
i f y o u a r e w a l k i n gr o u n da n d r o u n dg )
. , c r r c l e sl f
y o u d o g e t l o s ta n d h a v et o s p e n da n i g h to u t s i d eh, a v i n g
matches (kept in a waterproof container)and some
firelightercan make life a lot 9)
good firewill keepyou warm and can alsobe usedto cook
food On the subject10)
. food,you shouldalways
take more 11) . .
you will need lt,salwaysbetterto
carrysomefood homewith you than to run 12)
at a crucialmoment Somesurvival
expertssuggestthat you
s h o u l de v e nt a k ed o g b i s c u i tos r s o m eo t h e rf o o dt n a t y o u
r e a l l yd o n ' tl i k ei 3 )
t h a t y o u w i l lo n l yb e t e m p t e d
to eat it in a realemergency
O t h e r i m p o r t a n tt h i n g s t o h a v e w i t h y o u j n t h e
wildernessare a basic first 14)
kit and extra
clothing A Swiss-army
knife is also usefulfor all sortsof
d i f f e r e ntth i n g s O n c ey o u h a v ea l lo f t h e s ee s s e n t i asl a
s fely
p a c k e dt h e r es h o u l db e 1 5 )
stoppingyou from
o f f i n t ot h e u n k n o w n ,

so long I just lost

We expect
who got the promotionsoon
A to hear B hear
C hearingD heard

As city life becomesmore and
0) r*r:r*stressful,
it is not surprising
that many peoplewani to get
from it all Thishas
m e a n t a l a r g e i n c r e a s ei n t h e
popularity of activitres sucn

to Milan
C areflying
D wiil be flying

H e c a n ' t c o m e b e c a u s eh e
his new
f u r n i t u r ed e l i v e r esdo m et i m et h r sa f t e r n o o n
A has
C h a sb e e nh a v i n g
B h a sh a d
D i sh a v i n g

lt was a greatpartyl practically
I Know was
A somebody
C nobody
B anybody
D everybody

1 0 H e . . t h a t t h e c a rb e l o n g etdo h i m .
A claimed
C refused
B demanded
D ordered

19 Fillinthemissing
1 Lastyearwe .
to playfootballeveryFriday
2 Lookat thoseblackclouds,l,m sureit,s
to ratn
3 l'd
y o u h a dt o l d m e e a r l i e r
4 George,
wants to be a lawyer, is
studyinglaw at BristolUniversity
5 That photograph was taken
S h ee x p l a i n etdh a t i t
. t a k e s o m et i m e
a n dt h a t w e s h o u l dg o b a c kt h e n e x td a y
7 L a u r aa c c u s ehdi m
8 lf
y o u h a dt o l d m e e a r l i e rI ,w o u l dh a v e
comewtth you
We have
. c a l lC h r i sa n d t e l l h i m w h e r e
w e ' r em e e t i n gt o n i g h t
1 0 | w o u l dh a v et a k e nt h e t r a i ni f I
how badthe trafficwas goingto be



Forrn:will have+ past participle

a ivl el f i n i s h e d b e f o r e a s t a t e d t i m e i n t h e f u
W e u s e t h e f u t u r e p e r f e c t f o r a c t i o n s t h aht w
T thueryew h
i l al v e
thefilmbytheendof l\Larch.

The time expressions
we usewith the future perfectare:
before,by, by then, by the time, until/till(onlyin negativesentences)Hewon'thavefinishedwritingthearticleuntil/tiil

Form:will havebeen+ verb + -ing

W e u s et h e f u t u r ep e r f e c tc o n t i n u o u tso e m p h a s i st h
e e d u r a t i o no f a n a c t i o nu p t o a c e r t a i nt i m e i n t h e
future Thefuture
is usedwith by... for Bytheendof
thisradiostationfor tenyears.

I i^l,i^^ \A/^"^.
Lil tr\il t9 vvtrtu)

w o r d ss h o wt h e l o g i c arle l a t i o n s hbi pe t w e e ns e n t e n c eosr p a r t so f s e n t e n c e s

what is more,in addition(to),also,aswell as(this/that),
and,both and,too, besides
furthermore,etc Hewasbothrudeandunhelpful.


RobnorDaveboughta newspaper
neither( nor),nor,neither,either,etc f''leither


b u t ,a l t h o u g hi ,n s p i t eo f , d e s p i t ew, h i l e ,w h e r e a se,v e nt h o u g h ,o n t h e o t h e rh a n d ,h o w e v e yr ,e t ,s t i l l e
, tc
Thecarisoldbut reliable.
Notethe structures:
although + clause , Althoughit wasraining,heleft.
despite/inspite of + noun - Despitethe
despite/inspite of the fact + clause In spiteaf thefactthat it wasraining,heleft


G i v i n ge x a m p l e s
in particular,
suchas, ike,for example,
for instance,
e|c Thefoodwasdelicious,


of, since,for this reason,dueto, so,as a result(of),eIc HeswitchedontheWbecausehe
wantedto watchthenews.


if, whether,onlyif, in caseof, in case,provided(that),providing(that),unless,
on condition(that),etc Heagreedtolendherthemoneyprovidedthatshepaidhimbackassoonaspossible.


t o , s o t h a t , s o a s ( n otto) , i n o r d e r ( n o t o
) , i n o r d e r t h a t , i n c a s e , eRt co b c a u g h t t h e e a r l y t r a i n s o t h a t h e w o u l d
bethereon time


such/so that, so,consequently,
as a result,therefore,for this reason,etc Shewasboredsoshedecidedtogofor
a watK.

Shespentoll of hermoney. then.Theyhaveall/bothpassedtheexam but Theybothtravelledbycoach. E i t h e r c a n a l s o b e u s e d a t t h e e n d o f a n e g a t i v e s e n t e"nl hc a eveneverbeentoltaly.etc etc A/exf. B o t h / N e i t h-eAr l l / N o n-e E i t h e r " Both referst o t w o p e o p l et./ Eitherof the shirtsis/arefine. on the whole.hethankedeverybodyforcoming. then..thingsor groups lt hasa positivemeaningand js foilowedby a pruratverb AIIof thechildrenwereexcitedaboutgoingon thetrip. and is followedby a pluralverb BothChrisandJamesliveinscotland. All refersto morethan two people.. first.firstly.sbeen workinqhard alt morning/thewhole morning. e n e i t h e ro f + p l u r a ln o u n p h r a s es t r u c t u r cea nb e f o l l o w e d b y e i t h e ra s r n g ua r or pluralverbin the affirmativesheiladoesn'tknowwheretogo. . whole is usedwith singularcountablenouns we usea/the/this/myetc + whole + noun whole is not used w r t hu n c o u n t a b n l eo u n s Sheatethe wholecake.eitherNeitherof the girlsknow/knows whereto go. To conclude:finally.ryheh+t_bet ^+n+y. etc Eventually.. afterrnls/rnar. the eitherof + pluralnoun phrasestructurecanbe followedby eithera singutaror plural verb Theblueshirtis fine. Eitherrefersto two people. add theonions addtheonionsandqarlictothe mxture.l..) All + daylmorning/week/yearetc = the whole + daylmorning/week/yearetc.etc Firstly.tao.EitherNeilor hisparents going are to drivemeto thestation 139 . elc Inconclusion.o.wearrivedbackhome.=* c Listingpoints/events To begin: initially. . o B o t h / A lcl a n g o a f t e r t h e v e r b t o b e o r a f t e r a n a u x i l i a r y v e r b b u t b e f o r e t h e m a i n v e r b Theyareboth/allvery happy. afterwards.altogether.a"= #. to sum up. A/exf.Bothmenwentto themeeting.. N o n eo f r e f e r tso t w o o r m o r ep e o p l .to starVbegin with./ Sheateall of thecake. in short. N e i t h e r .d e p e n d i nogn t h e s u b j e cwt h i c hf o l l o w s norlor EitherNeilor Kateis goingto drivemeto thestation. Thewhiteshirtisfine. N e i t h e r e f e r st o t w o p e o p l last.Anndoesn' first. To fv LUIlLf continue: lf ue' 5eLUIluiy' secondly. stevewentto themeeting.eatinaa healthybalanceddietis thebestwayto avoidthisproorem.. r o u p so r t h i n g sa n d h a sa n e g a t i v m e e a n t n gl t i s u s e dw i t h n o u n so r o b j e c tp r o n o u nas n d i sf o l l o w e db y e i t h e ra s i n g u l aor r a p l u r a vl e r bl a s k e d a l l ot hf e p e o p l e a t t h e b u s s t o p but noneof themknewwherethetheatrewas. second.n . ' Both .secono.eventually.thingsor groupsand is followedby a singularcountable noun However.veneverbeen.afterwardS. firstof all.lastly.@ ffirmmffiffitr . in summary. dlLer this/that.either. r t a k ee i t h e ra s i n g u l aor r p l u r avl e r b .tthc .h i n g so r g r o u p sa n d h a sa n e g a t i v m e e a n i n gl t i sf o l l o w e db y a s i n g u l a r c o u n t a b l ne o u n H o w e v e trh. o r / E i t h e r .all in all. He. Summarising tn conclusion.h i n g so r g r o u p sI t h a sa p o s i t i v m e eaning a n d i s f o l l o w e db y a p l u r avl e r b Johnwentto themeeting.(NOT<hespe. the end.

lwillhave spentall my money. nextMonday 4 B yt h e t i m ew e t h i s . By noon tomorrow. A FTI By in the example. 1 By the end of the year. noontomorrow .Iwill haveeatenmy dinner. A The play 1) starts/willstart at 8pm so we 2) will meeVare meeting you outsidethe theatre at 7. Circlethe correcttense. working 3 4 me carrythem Underlinethe correcttense.= ' Completethe sentencesby using the futureperfect simple or the futureperfectcontinuous.the concert (start)by the time we get there 5 | won't be able to drive to work tomorrow m o r n i n gb e c a u steh e m e c h a n i c (not/fix)the caruntilthe afternoon 6 T h e r e 'nso p o i n ti n p h o n i n gh e rn o w S h e (already/leave) 2 B untiltomorrow for fiveyears a l ld a y by now lt's hard to believethat this time next week you a r o u n dA u s t r a l i a A will havebeentravelling B w i l lb et r a v e l l i n g C travel 6 lt'sgettingcoldin here I A w i l l h a v ep u t B w i l lp u t C w i l lb e p u t t i n g 7 | hopethe weather A is goingto improve B will improve C will haveimproved 8 l ' m a f r a i dI a c h a n c et o r e a dt h i s u n t i l tomorrow A amnot having B won't have C won'tbehaving t h e h e a t i n go n by the time we leave 1 | will havecleanedup the messbefore/untilMum getsback 2 By/Bythen the end of the month. 8pm tonight . he threeyears A willlive B w i l lb e l i v i n g C w r l lh a v eb e e nl i v i n g 2 here for 6 Mytrain a t 7 : 3 0t o m o r r o wm o r n i n g . he will have beenteachingfor threeyears 3 Shewill havepreparedall of the food bylby the time the guestsarrive 4 T h em e c h a n isca i dt h a t h e w o n ' t h a v ef i n i s h e tdh e repairsuntil/sincetomorrow 5 The essayis due tomorrorybut I don't think I will haveevenstartedit by then/thetime 6 We will have been travellingfor three months until/bythe time we get to Thailand Tellyour partnerwhat you will havedone by: By8pmtonight.45pm lf we 3) are not/will not be there by 7:55pm. | l+'r#f.*t"s $ge:'it+. BynextMonday.go in andwe 4) will find/aregoingto find you when we 5) will arrive/arrive B Thanksfor babysittingfor us tonight. she will have a beenliving in Manchester ETI rhe workmensaidthey b won'thavefinished ETI t'm sure he will have c wnttentheessay I will be d lZT_l NextSaturday.qm-* (work) herefor eightyears (finish) writing that 2 Pete r e p o r ti n h a l fa n h o u r 3 B yt h e t i m eG r e gr e t i r e sh.i t w i l l b e l u n c h t i m e A w i l l h a v ef i n i s h e d B w i l lf i n i s h C finish Matchthe columnsto makecompletesentences.e (run)the business for morethan thirtyyears 4 lf we don't hurry. upstairs? A w i l l y o uh e l p B w i l ly o u b e h e l p i n g C w i l ly o u h a v eh e l p e d 140 5 Underlinethe correctitem.*:. A leaves B w i l lb e l e a v i n g C will havebeenleaving 3 Thesebagsareveryheavy. 1 By the end of the month.I will have been at school for four hours.'.we 1) will appreciate/appreciate it | 2) have left/will have left some moneyon the kitchencounterso you can orderpizzafor dinnerPlease don't let the kids watch TV until they 3) have finished/willfinish theirhomeworkWe 4) will be/arebackby 11 . .

3 inlpark. Rachel perry Marr 1 Neither Perry norMarkhave/has a briefcase.. he refusedto callthe manager In additionto/ In spiteof beingstubborn.hasn. I can.but of them areveryexpensrve a both b all c neither A r e D a n n ya n d M i c h a ecl o m i n gt o n i g h t ? B : No.the? B: Yes. I. though a None b Neither c All 6 A : What do your parentsdo? B: . 6 have/jacket. of them areteacners a Both b.I needit backby 8 o'clocktonight 1 0 I lovethrrllers. all. as in the example. hedecided to buyit anyway.. whereas/despite my srsterspeaksit fluently Theydecidedto go for a walk. 12 Jointhe sentences usingthe wordsin brackets. even though/in spiteof the rain S a r ah a s n ' tg o t a T V a n d s h e h a s n .he was lazy.. 1 A: Haveyou ilstenedto thosetwo CDsyet? B : N o .4 use/laptop. w e l lh e d e c i d e d n o t t o b e c o m ea m u s i c i a n 6 B o t h / E i t h eJri ma n d S a mw e r eb o r ni n C a n a d a 7 The salesassistantwas rude Furthermore/Even though. 1 Thebookisuerywettwrittenlt isajsoveryfunny (which) Thebookwhich isverywellwritten.tgot a c o m p u t eer i t h e r 1 Either/Neither Simonnor Kellyhad seenthe film before 2 Shedecorated the all/wholehouseby herself 3 I asked everybodybut none/no of the people therehad seenLouisethat day 4 As soonasthe guestsarrived. 8 wear/hat Either Underline the correctword.-:: C Welcometo the GoldenSandsHotel I hope you 'l) haveenjoyed/willenjoyyourstaywith us your . 10 Underline 2 A: Clivehasgot two cars..or either. 5 use/mobile phone.. Of courseyou can borrow my car However/'a != i t= been workingovertimeevery/alldaythisween A Thatshopsellslotsof niceclothes B : Yes. pleasedo not hesitateto ask me or any other memberof our staff 7 9 ' Choosethe correctitem.tswim In spiteoflAlthough he couldplaythe guitarver. below.. Ail 8 c 2 D e b b i ew i l lw a s ht h e c a ro r e l s ep a mw i 3 Carlhasn'treadthat book Rebecca hasn. t have/briefcase. o f t h e mc o u l dm a k ei t a either b both c neither 1 Frankworksin a bank Tomworksin a banktoo BothFrankond Tomworkin a bank.I h a v e n 'ht a da c h a n c e t o l i s t e nt o of themyet a ati b neither L EILI IEI 4 A . Shehasgot threebrothers. or. despite/inadditionto the fact that theyalwaysgiveme nightmares. 3 Shewasverytired Shewent to bed (so) 141 . ofthem livenearby. and.but he bought of them secono hand a either b both c all 3 Rewritethe sentencesusingboth.hasn. thecorrect word.each/everyof them wasshownto theirseat 5 l've been to that restauranttwice before and all/bothtimesthe food was excellent 6 We're really busy at the moment. is alsoveryfunny.neither. or maybeStevedid 5 J u l i a ni s g o i n gt o t h e p a r t yB o bi sg o i n gt o o 6 Keith hasn't got a computer Max hasn. nor.none. 2 The shirtwas expensive He decidedto buy it anyway (although) Althoughtheshirtwasexpensive.treadit either 4 Johnboughtthat newspaper. 2 indoors. room2) will be/ison the flfth floorwith an ocean view Thebusinto town 3) will stop/stopsoutside t h e h o t e la n d y o u c a nb u y y o u rb u st i c k e t sa t t h e receptiondesk If you 4) will need/needanythrng. neither . 7 have/coffee. as in theexamples. tq o t a C D playerneither/either I hate travellingby boat becauseI alwaysget seasickBesides/However. I can't speakFrenchat all.Makeasmany 11 Lookat thepictures sentences you as canusingtheprompts provided andboth.tshe? B : Yes .

. 7 ..D o n o t c h a n g et h e meaningof the originalsentence. . tli..she decidedto buy the new dress even Shedecidedto buythe new dress. a similar meaning to thefirstsentence.: . Error Correction 14 Crossout the incorrectword in eachsentence.#* % | 1 Hestartedworkinghereat the end of Junelastyear.t. he decidedto go for a run | t h i n kt h a t L u k eb o r r o w e dt h a t C D ." * C o l i ni s t a l l w i t h d a r kh a i r H i ss i s t e ri s s h o r ta n d (whereas) blond 5 6 13 H e f i n i s h e de a t i n g H e d i d t h e w a s h i n g u p (assoon as) Philwrote a letter He postedit.5amhadto walkto work because Sam had to walk to work becausehis car broke down we couldn't hearwhat he was saytng .1. with two to five words.he decidedto go for a run spite In spite of the fact that he was tired.he will have been working herefor one year either L a u r ad o e s n ' lti k eC h i n e sfeo o da n dC h r i s t i ndeo e s n ' t l i k ei t e i t h e r nor NeitherLauranor ChristinelikesChinese food Shewaswritingthat reportall day whole Shespentthe whole day writing that report 142 ..l'+ i n: '':+... 3 I think that t h a tC D Emilydidn't learnto swimuntilshewas twenty when Emlly to Swrm WCCK Althoughhe wastired.. t been By the end of June.-. Completethe sentences i n c l u d i n gt h e w o r d i n b o l d ..+= :::..He could make some (sothat) 9 We playedverywell We stilllostthe match (eventhough) 10 Jim took the bus into town He was going (becausei shopping a - l ' Iv JtLc o n T F n rr :|/ tr (r Jnr Lr vr We couldn'thearwhat he was sayrngbecausehe I I <nnka fnn nrriptlv so He .o r m a v b eJ o e did 2 O u r t e a c h e rs a i dt h a t s h e w i l l m a r kt h e e x a m st h i s week have Our teachersaid that she will have markedthe examsby the end of the Sincehiscarbrokedown. ... 1 | doubtthat Robwill havewokenup by yet 2 Theywill havebeenarrivedat the hotelby the time it getsdark 3 5hewill haveleft beforetheywill arrive 4 lt was such a hot weatherthat we went to the 0eacn 5 NeitherClairenor Susanhad not readthe book 6 Marinareallyenjoyscooking.. shortot money * can go to the party providedthat you are ]o' h o m eb v m i d n i q h t long Shecango to the party h o m eb y m i d n i g h t Paultook out a notebook.-.. KeyWordTransformations Hedrankthe wholebottleof water himself all H ed r a n k himself has In eachcasethesecondsentence Studythe examples. by 1 Anne'sambitionis to open her own restaurant t h e t i m es h ei st h i r t y will A n n eh o p e ss h e her own restaurantby the time she is thtrtY (then) I havea lot to do today I haveto speakto Mr (for instance) Wilsonabouthisorder 2 He movedto Portugalten yearsagothis month. Bythe end of this month been in Porrugal for ten years . 3 Despitebeingshortof money.whereasthat I prefer to eat out 7 Brianand Carol both went to see the play but neitherof enjoyedit verymuch .

and the normalafternoonthundershowers beginto take6) an incredible energy lf you watchthe horizon y o u ' l ls e e a r e v o l v i ncgo l u m no f c l o u d sc.thencirclethe answerA.bridges.asn e e r i es t i l l n e sass t h e p r e s s u ri e ss u c k e d a w a y T h ea i r i s s t i l la n dc a l ma n d n o b i r do r i n s e csto u n d4s) b e h e a r dC u m u l o n i m bcul so u d bs u i l di nt o w e r s .C or D which bestfitsthe space. the earth Whenit connects the ground. we wereluckyto havetwo minutes to 15) cover 0Asometimes l A h a d 2 Adirection 3 A o f 4 A must 5 Acalled 6 A u p B 7 Aaway 8 A b y 9 A o f 1 0 A o f 11 Aup 12 A make 13 A to l 4 A b e c a u s 15 A make B B B B B B o never w o u l d route b y can namec f f S c C C C C C B up C B w i t h C B r o C B a t C B rhrough C B pick C B for C e B a s C B take C ever dtd path with could known i n across for i n for i n take against since hrd.happiIy) -ward(s): combines with nouns and adverbsof directionto describe the directionin whichsomething ismovingor facing (downward(s).*ffi #W = f i= L€-* By the end of July.tne neat feedsthe centre9) the funnelanda tornadois born Thesafest p l a c e1 0 ) y o u t o b e i s u n d e r g r o u nodr i n a n o p e n d i t c h Tornadoes desiroyeverything 11) theirpathandhavethe power to 12) up people. . providedfor that you explarn whathappened . westward(s)) adverb fromtheword 1 5 Formthecorrect inbold.I will havebeento workingherefor two years Despitefrom the fact that it was the middle of August.trees. B.. 5) as supercells. Thereis an example (0)at the beginning. 1 He took a couple of steps t o a l l o wt h e othersto get through 2 She was upset becauseshe felt that they had been very treated 5 I n e yw e r em o v t n g in the directionof the coast 4 Paulwas a muchbetterplayer a n dw o n t h e g a m e 5 He spokevery so that everyone would u n d e r s t a nhdi m 6 We decided to head as soon as we saw the a p p r o a c h i nsgt o r m BACK BAD EAST EASY CLEAR HOME 1) betterbe carefulit couldmeanthat a tornadois heading your 2) The first sign that a tornadois comingis the formation 3) a thunderstorm I n t h e b e g i n n i ntgh e r e . the weather was c o l da n dw e t 1 0 I ' m s u r es h e w i l l u n d e r s t a nw dhy you didn'tgo.carsand evenhouses The scariest thingabouttornadoes isthat you havemrnutes. WordFormation )y: combines with adjectives to describe something beingdonein the manner describedby the adjective(quickly.h e a d i n g g) 7) .^ D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D always need way for might reported o n towards across u p t o across turn a t due draw 143 . a l l e da f u n n e l . not hoursto feact We now havewarningtlmesof up 13) twentyminutes 14) to betterradardetectorsWith oldermethodsof reporting tornadoes. M ultiple Choice Cloze 16 Readthe text below.

. . . Sarah. .inRome A is posted C was posted D was beingposted B is beingposted He .I h a dg o n et o t h e c o n c e rw i t s o u n d sl i k ei t w a sb r i l l i a n t . milk and The sauce was made cneese Dwith Aby B for C up I don't know who the letter was from but it .l ' d r e c o g n i s eh i s c a r Revision(Unitsl-10) 1 8 Circlethe correctitem. . . .. Thereisan example space. . knownthat shewantedto come. lf .livesin our street B that C which D whose A who You disturbthe driverwhile the bus is movrn9 A mustn't B couldn't C haven't D needn't flour.| . (0)at the beginning. would haveboughta ticketfor her . . all morninqand the roadswerewet and A rains B i sr a i n i n g C h a db e e nr a i n i n g D w i l lr a i n you if we decideto go out tonight C amcalling call D w i l lb ec a l l i n g willcall 3 At the weekend we went mountarns C hiking A hike D to hiking B to hike 144 In t n e anywnere b e i n g o p e n e di n t h e A new cinema town centrenextmonth we He offeredto give us a discount paidin cash t lththem. methat he didn'thavetimeto helpus A told B said C spoke D asked She tomorrow. daughter goes to school with Doug. .... arrivedat the airportby now 1 0 T h e yw i l l . A must demandan apology D might B would C may 12 Hewouldn'thavemadethat mistakeif he moreexperienced A w o u l db e B i s C hasbeen D were word. A has B had 1 0 Thereis cup? A alittle her hair dyed at the hairdresser's C hasbeenhaving D i sh a v i n g coffeeleft Wouldyou likeanother B afew C little D few ' t 1 lf I wereyou. Emma... 19 Fillinthemissing I was listeningto the newson the radio Tonyarrived I am to London next week for a conference That b e P a u l . 8 We all orderedthe steakexcept who is a vegetarian Marycanspeakltalian 9 NeitherTom.[nilr Eil=L€%* Onon Claza 1 7 Readthe text belowandthinkof the wordwhich Useonlyoneword in each bestfitseachspace. lf | ..

theme-basedunits from a wide varietyof sourcesin five modules . a wide rangeof speakingactivities o intonation& pronunciation sections . o realistic.WWWWWWW UpstreamIntermediate82 is a modularsecondary-level coursefor learners of the Englishlanguageat post-intermediatelevel (pre-FCE. grammarsectionscoveringall majorgrammatical areasplusa GrammarReferenceSection .llull|[il]ililffiilillt| .5 7 0 .3. stimulatingdialoguesfeaturingpeoplein everyday situations . a varietyof cross-cultural topics .8 4 3 2 5 .3 ISBN-10: 1-84325-570-7 . systematic developmentof all four languageskillsthrough realisticchallenging taskswhich encourage the learner.phrasalverbsand word formation a varietyof authenticstimulatingreadingand listeningtasks . CultureClips o Literaturepages Components Student'sBook Teacher's Book(interleaved) Workbook(Student's) Workbook(Teacher's overprinted) Classaudio cassettes/audio CDs Student'saudio cassette/audio CD Test Booklet hing I S B N . compositionanalysisand practiceon all typesof writing with full models . ALTEA3/A4 or any other examinationsat the samelevelof difficulty. 1: 9 7 8 -1. CEFB11BZ. Key Features .s personalengagement ' practisingand activatingall essentialvocabulary lexicalexercises includingcollocations. idioms.)The series combinesactive English learning with a variety of riverytopics presentedin themed units.

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