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Ans (d)


Ans d)
Explanation: Tehri Dam is located on Bhagirathi River.


Ans (c)


Ans (a)


Ans (c)


(Question Wrong)


Ans (d)
It is a well known climatological fact that during pre-monsoon
and post-monsoon
seasons in the North Indian Ocean, more cyclones form in the
Bay of Bengal
compared with the Arabian Sea. Scientists have now discovered why in som
e years
more cyclones form in the Arabian Sea than usual. This is due to a newly
Phenomenon (2007) El Nino Modoki — which causes warm moist conditions in t
Central Pacific and dry cold conditions in Eastern and western
pacific. A more
familiar phenomenon, El Nino, was found to suppress cyclone for
mation in the
Arabian Sea.
The findings are results of a study undertaken by a team led by Dr. M.R.
Kumar, Senior Scientist, National Institute of Oceanography, Goa.
The study has
been published in the Natural Hazards journal.
The reason why El Nino Modoki brings only fewer number of cyclones in th
e Bay of
Bengal is because one of the two descending limbs of the Walk
er Cell is over the
western Pacific and Bay of Bengal. The descending limb causes dry condit
ions not
conducive for cyclone formation. The ascending limb of the Walker Cell,
on the other
hand, brings rain. Also, an El Nino Modoki creates stronger di
vergence over the
western Pacific and Bay of Bengal compared to El Nino. Diverge
nce (opposite of
convergence) means surface winds move away from each other and
result in low
relative vorticity (rotational flow of winds). These conditions
are not conducive for

Ans (b) Explanation: Loktak is hydel power project. There are a few reasons for this. the sea surface temperatures are too low for cyclogenesis. This explains why Bay of Bengal region (close to western Pacif ic) has fewer cyclones during an El Nino Modoki. Thiruvananthapuram. Ramesh Kumar says in an em ail to this Correspondent. “Cycl ones usually do not form during monsoon season. Thiruvananthapuram. mid-tropospher ic relative humidity.Page 2----------------------SHANKAR IAS ACADEMY Only post-monsoon and pre-monsoon periods were chosen for the study. ----------------------. during monsoon there is st rong zonal (latitudinal) wind in the form of a jet at lower levels and this i s not conducive for cyclone formation as the vertical shear between lower and upper trop osphere will not be minimum. 9. Bangalore. Ramesh Kumar says.cyclones. Hyderabad. • Space Applications Centre (SAC). • Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC-SHAR). • ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC). Ahmedabad.” Dr. 8. “Atmospheric parameters — low-level relative vorticity. • Development and Educational Communication Unit (DECU). Ans (b) Explanation: • Indian Space Research Organisation • Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC). • Master Control Facility (MCF). Finally. • ISRO Telemetry. Second. • National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC). • ISRO Inertial Systems Unit (IISU). there is large convergence over the Arabian Sea during an El Nino Modoki explaining the large number of cyclones in that re gion. Bangalore. A statistical analysis of the El Nino and El Nino Modoki years between 1979 -2004 was conducted. Ahmedabad. • Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC). Hassan. On the other hand. It was found that there were four El Nino years an d seven El Nino Modoki years during this period. . The number of cyclones per year show significant differences indicating that El Nino Modoki years are conducive for cyclone formation over Arabian Sea while El Nino is conducive for cyclones over the Bay of Bengal. Sriharikota. vertical wind shear — are not at values conducive for cyclone fo rmation during monsoon. Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC).” Dr. Thiruvananthapuram.

Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS). Ans (a) Explanation: Surma valley is in Assam which is famous for tea cultivatio n. km s.12 lakh sq. 6.Page 3----------------------SHANKAR IAS ACADEMY Himalayan River System: 1. Extensive catchment area 8.65 sq. Bangalore. Ans (c) 12. ----------------------. Ans (b) Explanation: Difference between the Himalayan and the Peninsular River S ystem. 2. Ans (a) Explanation: Narmada River forms estuary in gulf of Khambat. 5. The Himalayan rivers flow through deep l-shaped valleys called gorg es which have been carved out by down cutting carried on side by side with t he uplift of 3. 11. Peninsular River System: 1. Develop gorges in the mountains and meanders in the plains 11. Ans (a) Explanation: East flowing rivers are flowing in gentle slope wh ereas west flowing rivers are flowing in deep trough. They signify antecedent drainage. Dehradun. These rivers have small basins and catchment areas. 14. These rivers form meander in plain areas because of huge sediment c arried and deposited by them in the plains which obstruct their flow and force them to flow in zig-zag shape (meander). Peninsular rivers flow in more or less graded valley havin g little erosional . Ans (a) 13.• • 10. Inland navigation is possible in the plains.) 2. The Himalayan rivers form huge delta at their mouth which is the result of deposition of sediment at mouth. These rivers flow across the young fold mountain and are still in y outhful stage. 4. 7. Rain fed and snowfed 9. kms is less than 1/3rd of Indus (11. 16. ughout the the Himalayas. Laboratory for Electro-Optics Systems (LEOS). Ans (d) 15. The Himalayan rivers are perennial in nature where water flows thro year received from both snow melt and monsoon rain. These rivers occupy large basins and catchment area. High erosive capability 10. The Godavari ha ving basin area of 3.

25. These rivers receive water only from monsoon rainfall and flows in rainy seasons. Ans (d) 26. Ans (d) 18. Ans (c) Explanation: Even though Brahmaputra river is bringing huge amount of wa ter its Tibetan part have less silt because in Tibet amount of rainfall is low b ut melting of glacier is major source of this river. 6. Deep valleys are not produced as they flow through hard crystalline rocks 11. 17. Ans (a) Explanation: Laterite soil can be found only in places of high rainfall and high temperature so Uttar Pradesh is not place of high rainfall and high temp erature. Comparatively small catchment area 8. Ans (d) . These rivers have been flowing on the oldest plateau having hard ro ck surface of non. The river like Narmada and Tapti make estuaries whereas other big r iver forms deltas like Godavari and Cauvery. Ans (d) 20. Ans (a) Explanation: Hispar glacier located in southern slope of Karakoram Range . These rivers have attained maturity because they flow through oldes t plateaus of the world. Therefore they are seasonal rivers. Less chances for inland navigation. Ans (d) Explanation: Among these four options Kuchchh is received less rainfall. 27. Ans (d) 22. Ans (d) 24. 7. Low erosive capability 10. As such they flow in more or less in straight course.Page 4----------------------SHANKAR IAS ACADEMY 21. 4.alluvial character forcing them not to flow zig-zag shape. Ans (d) ----------------------. 5.activities to perform They signify consequent drainage. Reinfed 9. 23. 3. 19.

and along the border with the Tibet Au tonomous Region (China). Manas. Sankosh. a temperate climate encourages year-round settlement. northwest of Ne pal. but in recent years defo restation has diminished timber yields and caused land degradation and erosion .300 metres). extending 200 miles (320 km) from the Sutlej River east to the Kali Rive r. and Jaldhaka rivers rise in the m ountains and flow southward to join the Brahmaputra.756 me tres]) in Tibet. Kumaun Himalayas. Important peaks include Kula. irrigated slopes. Commerce centres on Dehra Dun.817 metres) at Nanda Devi. Raidak. Glac iers and snowmelt feed the headstreams of theGanges River in torrents tha t rush through gorges and steep-sided ravines. extendi ng eastward across Sikkim state (India) and Bhutan. Main settlements in the regi on include Gangtok and Kalimpang in India and Punakha and Paro in Bhutan. 25. Important mountain passes include Natu. the highest is Namjagbarwa (Namcha Barwa.750 and 4. comprising part of the Siwalik Range in the south and part of the Great Himalayas in the north. lies largely within the state of Uttarakhand. west-central section of the Himalay northern India.400 metres). farmers raise livestock and cultivate terraced. the range’s highest peak.000 and 14. the capital ofUttarakhand. and Tang.Explanation: Assam Himalayas. At lower elevations. into northern Assam and Arunachal Pradesh states (India).756 metres) at Kamet. snow covers the mountains throughout the year. Chomo. Jelep.100 and 2. The Subansiri. and Kangto.446 feet (7.Page 5----------------------- . near the Chinese border.000 f eet (1.3 00 metres)—is a cold windswept zone where herders take sheep and go ats to graze during the short summers. between 3.500 and 8. It rises to 25. Deodar cedar f orests supply timber that is sold on the plains to the south. as in Below the permanent snow line—between 9. The range. Indians ----------------------.000 feet (2. and to 25.646 feet (7. in the southern foothil ls. eastern section of the Great Himalayas.000 feet (4.445 feet [7. The mountains run eastward for 450 miles (720 km) from the uppe r Tista River in the west to the great southward bend of the Brahmaputra River ( there called the Tsangpo River) in the east. At elevations abo ve 14.

Ans (c) 36. The highest point is Nanga Parbat (26. Ans (d) 40. The Jhelum River rises in these mountains before flowing westward through the Vale of Kashmir. Ans (b) 32.100 cubic metres per second (40. in the foothills of the ra nge. Ans (a) 29.SHANKAR IAS ACADEMY from the lowlands use Mussoorie as a summer resort and educationa l centre. Punjab Himalayas. Ans (b) 37. The upper Indus separates them from the Karakoram Range to the north. Ans (d) Explanation: The purpose of the barrage is to divert 1. at the northwest end of the range. Included within th e Punjab Himalayas are the Zaskar Range. Kedarnath. Ans (a) 34. 35. Ans (b) 38. Ans (d) Explanation: Most of males moved from rural to urban.000 cu ft/s) of water from the Ganges to the Hooghly River for flush ing out the sediment deposition from the Kolkata harbour without the need of regular . and Gangotri. Dalhousie. and part of the Siwalik Range. the Pir Panjal Range. lying in the Kashmir region of northern India and Pakistan and extending east-southeas t for 350 miles (560 km) from the bend of the Indus River to the Sutlej Rive r. Ans (c) 30. Ans (a) 33.660 feet [8. Ans (c) 31. 28. is a noted mountain resort. Ans (c) 41.1 26 metres]). westernmost section of the Himalayas. Ans (c) 39. and Hindu pilgrims travel into the high mountains farther north to visit shrines at Badrinath.

there are regular land/bank c ollapses in to the Ganga river due to the high level back waters of the Farakka barrage. If there is much wind. In addition. On a calm night the ground temperature can be as much as 5-7 degrees co oler than the standard temperature reading. Ans (b) Explanation: Frost is more likely to form on surfaces above the ground f irst. as the clouds reflect the radiated heat from the ground.mechanical dredging. Ans (c) 47. and the temperature difference disappears. Ans (c) 46. Ans (a) 43. If there is some wind. and a temperature forecast to be near or a little be low freezing. or automobiles. 44. the air stays mixed . Ans (b) . The water diverted from the Farakka barrage is less than 10% of Ganga ----------------------. it is found that t he diverted water flow from the Farakka barrage is not adequate to flush the sedimen t from the river satisfactorily.Page 6----------------------SHANKAR IAS ACADEMY river water available at Farakka. frost will not form either. such as house roofs. There is some h eat transfer from the ground to the air a few centimetres above it. which helps in keeping the lower layers mixed. light winds. as both these occurrances require little or no wind.) If the skies are cloudy. Standard temperature measurements are taken from about 2 meters above ground. u sually dew or frost will not form either. Ans (a) 45. After commissioning the project. So the ideal conditions for frost formation is a night with clear skies. (Neither will dew. because the air immediately above the ground is usually a few degrees warmer than air a few feet higher. Su bstantial high land is already converted in to low level river bed causing displac ement of huge population. 42. Indian government is contemplat ing to cement line/widen/deepen the Farakka feeder canal to increase the flow. so the atmosphere will not stay mixed.

55. Ans (d) ----------------------. Ans (b) Explanation: The table given below will provide a clear idea about the p opulation density of India. Ans (d) Explanation: 1. its different states.Page 7----------------------SHANKAR IAS ACADEMY 54. Ans (b) 53. Ans (d) Explanation: Godavari river has unique feature of two peak rive r regime because during southwest monsoon catchment area of this river receives rainfall then during northeast monsoon again this regions receives rainfall. Ans (a) Explanation: Aizawl and Udaipur are located beyond tropic of cancer.48. 2. 57. Only Barren Island is active volcano in Andaman and Nicobar group of Islands. 56. 50. 52. India’s southern most point Indira point is situated on the southern tip of the great Nicobar Island. and union territories: Population Density of India Serial No. Ans (c) Explanation: Teak and Sal are importance species are Tropical m oist deciduous forest. so these two species are almost in pure stand. Ans (a) Explanation: Tapi valley marks the northern limit of Western Ghats. Ans (b) Explanation: In India Coromandel Coast receive rainfall during winter se ason due to northeast monsoon but north-western part of India also receive winter ra infall due to western disturbance. 51. 49. India/ States/UT 2001 2011 382 INDIA 324 . Ans (b) Explanation: Dachigam National Park is located in Jammu and Kashmir.

1 Jammu and Kashmir 99 2 Himachal Pradesh 109 3 Punj ab 482 4 Chandigarh (UT) 5 Uttaranchal 159 6 Haryana 477 7 Delhi (UT) 9294 8 Rajasthan 165 9 Uttar Pradesh 689 10 Bihar 880 11 Sikkim 76 12 Arunachal Pradesh 13 Nagaland 120 14 Manipur 107 15 Mizoram 42 16 Tripura 304 17 Meghalaya 103 18 Assam 340 19 West Bengal 904 56 123 550 7903 9252 189 573 9340 201 828 1102 86 13 17 119 122 52 350 132 397 1030 ----------------------.Page 8----------------------SHANKAR IAS ACADEMY .

38 414 36 269 4 20 Jharkhand 3 21 Orissa 2 22 Chhattisgarh 15 23 Madhya Pradesh 19 24 Guj arat 25 Daman & Diu (UT) 26 Dadra & Nagar Haveli (UT) 4 27 Maharashtra 3 28 Andhra Pradesh 2 29 Karnataka 2 30 Goa 3 31 Lakshadweep (UT) 32 Kerala 8 33 Tamil Nadu 4 34 Pondicherry (UT) 35 Andaman and Nicobar Islands(UT) 189 6 236 58 308 1 2 141 112 49 491 14 365 75 308 75 319 63 394 4 189 2013 19 859 78 555 9 202 2598 43 46 58. The company operates both thermal power station and hydel power dam s under the . India. Ans (a) Explanation: Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) is public company which op erates several power stations in the Damodar River area of West Benga l.

2007 National Bamboo Mission . India In March 1948.Page 9----------------------SHANKAR IAS ACADEMY 63. Ans (b) Explanation: National Policy on farmers . Ans (d) 67. the Government of Wes t Bengal and the Government of Jharkhand to participate jointly for the purpose of bu ilding the Damodar Valley Corporation. Ans (d) 71. the Damodar Valley Corporation Act (Act No.The Damodar Valley Corporation has been gener ating and transmitting power since 1953. Ans (b) 68. 1948. Ans (a) ----------------------. Ans (a) 70. XIV of 1948) was passed by the Constituent Assembly. 65. Ans (a) . W est Bengal.2000 National Forest Policy – 1988 72. 59. Ans (d) 64. The corporation was joi ntly formed by the government bodies: the Central Government. Ans (a) Explanation: Anaimudi is located in Anaimalai hills. Ans (a) Explanation: Natural vegetation of the source region is not the determin ing factor of river regime.2006 National Agricultural Policy . Ans (c) 62. DVC is headquartered in the city of Kolkata. 61. and the Damodar Valley Corp oration (DVC) was officially formed on July 7. Ans (c) 69. Ans (d) 60.Indian Ministry of Power. All the projects are completed in sec ond five year plan. Ans (c) 66.

Krishna. Wetlands in India occupy 58. Narmada. coastal w etlands such as lagoons. It is estimated that freshwater wetlands alone support 20 per cent of the known range of biodiversity in India (Deepa a nd Ramachandra. In fact with the exception of bogs. Bhramaputra. In addition to the various types of natural wetlands. shallow ponds and numerous tanks support wetland biodiversity an d add to the country s wetland wealth. Indian wetlands cover the whole range of the ecosystem types found. Ans (b) Explanation: India. backwaters and estuaries. wet humid zones of south he Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshwadeep Islands. Th ese man-made wetlands. 1999). 73. The majority of the inland w etlands are ----------------------. and so on. Area Estimates of Wetlands of India (in million ha) Area under paddy cultivation . mangrove swamps. major rivers like Ganga They occur in the hot arid the east and west coasts. coral reefs and marine wetlands. electricity. saline and temporary wetlands of the arid and semi-arid regions. Kaveri and Tapti. varied topogra phy and climatic regimes. the deltaic regions of highlands of central India. with its annual rainfal1 of over 130 cm. fens and typical salt marshes. water supply . which have resulted from the needs of irrigation. Natural wetlands in India consists of the high-altitude Himalayan lakes. a large num ber of man-made wetlands also contribute to the faunal and floral diversity.Page 10----------------------SHANKAR IAS ACADEMY directly or indirectly dependent on the . The var ious reservoirs. fisheries and flood control.Explanation: Chitrakote falls of Indravati Chhattisgarh known as Niagar a of India because of its width and amount of water. followed by wetlands situated in the flood plains of the major river syste ms. supports and sustains diverse and unique wetland habita ts. regions of Gujarat and Rajasthan. are substantial in number. peninsular India and t Table 1. Godavari. including areas under wet paddy cultivation (Directory of Indian Wetlands).2 million ha.

Ans (a) ----------------------. Ans (b) 83. Great Rann of Kuchchh biosphere reserve shared between India and Pa 4.Page 11----------------------SHANKAR IAS ACADEMY . Ans (b) Explanation: Gujjar Tribes of Jammu and Kashmir are Transhumance. Ans (d) 76.9 freshwater) Mangroves 0. Nilgiris biosphere reserve shared between Tamilnadu. 86. Ans (b) Explanation: Almost 75 different types of tribals are found in Orissa.0 Rivers. Nandadevi biosphere reserve shared between India and Nepal. kistan. 77. 75.6 Area under capture fisheries (brackish and 2. Ans (b) 80.9 Backwater 3.9 Area suitable for fish culture 3.000 km Canals and irrigation channels (113 . Kerala and Kar nataka.000 km) 74.4 Estuaries 3. Pachmarhi is entirely located in Madhya Pradesh.5 Man-made impoundments 3. Ans (d) 85. 2. Ans (d) 78. including main tributaries (28 . Ans (d) 82. Ans (a) 84.40. Ans (b) 79. Ans (d) Explanation: 1. Ans (c) 81. 3.

87. Ans (d) 96. That resulted in formation of Indo-Gangetic Plain. Ans (b) 93. Ans (c) 95. Ans (b) 97. 92. Ans (a) 89. Ans (d) 100. Ans (a) 99. Ans (b) 94. 90. Ans (d) Explanation: To exploit natural resources in Chota Nagpur plate au trees are cut down in large scale that resulted in excessive soil erosion. Ans (d) 98. Ans (c) Explanation: During the initial period of Himalayan mountain fo rmation a small trough was formed later it was filled with sediment brought by Himalayan Rivers. Ans (c) . Ans (d) 91. Ans (c) 88.