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Soalan Ulangkaji

CHEMISTRY

1

STRUCTURE OF ATOM
1

Table 1 shows the incomplete information about 3 atoms; X, Y and Z.
Atom

Proton number

X
Y
Z

6
17

Number of neutron

Number of electron

8
6

6
17

Table 1
(a)

State the name of subatomic particles that are found in nucleus of an atom.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]

(b)

(i)

What is the term of the total number of protons and neutrons in an atom?
……………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]

(ii)

The total number of protons and neutrons for atom Z is 35.
What is the number of neutron in atom Z?
……………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]

(iii)

Write the symbol for atom Z in the form of

A

X.

Z

………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
(iv)

Draw the atomic structure of atom Z.

[1 mark]
(c)

Atom X and atom Y are isotopes of an element.
(i)

What is the proton number of atom X?
………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

Soalan Ulangkaji
(ii)

CHEMISTRY

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Write the electron arrangement of atom Y.

………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
(iii)

What is valence electron of atom X?
………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

(iv)

Why atom X and atom Y has same chemical properties?
………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

(v)

State one use of the isotope X in archaeology field.
………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

2

Diagram 2 shows the chemical symbols which represent three elements X, Y and Z
The letters used are not the actual symbols of the elements.
9

32
X

4

31
Y

15

Z
15

Diagram 2
(a)

(i)

What is meant by proton number?

(ii)

………………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]
State the proton number for atom X

………………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]
(b) What is represented by the number 32 for the element Y?
……….………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
(c)

(i) Atom Y and Z are isotopes. State the difference between the two atoms.
..…………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
(ii) State one use of isotopes in daily life.
……………….…………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

Soalan Ulangkaji
(d)

CHEMISTRY

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(i) Write the electron arrangement of atom Y.
………………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]
(ii) Determine the number of valence electron for atom Y.
………………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]
(ii) Draw the electron arrangement for atom Z.

[2 marks]

3

Diagram 3.1 shows the arrangement of particles of substance X at different temperatures.

60 oC

Diagram 3

90 oC

(a) What is the physical state of substance X at
(i)

60 oC

: .........................................................................

(ii)

90 oC

: .........................................................................
[2 marks]

(b)

State the movement of particles of substance X at 60 oC.
....………………………………………………………………………………………........…….
[1 mark]

........... [2 marks] (d) (i) (ii) Substance X cannot conduct electricity in any state........... State the type of particles of substance X........................................................2 shows the graph of temperature against time when substance X is heated from 60 oC to 90 oC................. Magnesium oxide Carbon dioxide Table 3...............................3 shows two substances. .............................................................................................2 (i) t3 Time / s Masa/s What is meant by melting point? …………………………………………………………………………………………….Soalan Ulangkaji (c) CHEMISTRY 4 Graph 3............................ ……………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (ii) Based on Graph 3..................... [1 mark] .......... .................... state the melting point of substance X........ ……………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (iii) Explain why the temperature remains constant from t 1 to t2........................3 Which substance has the same type of particles as substance X? Tick (√ ) the correct answer..... Temperature / oC 90 78 60 t0 t1 t2 Graph 3...................................... .................2...... [1 mark] Table 3...........

... ……………………………….... ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….... Relative atomic mass of carbon is 12. It decomposes according to the equation below.... Magnesium atom Atom magnesium Carbon atoms Atom karbon Diagram 1 (i) Complete the following equation.. [1 mark] (b) A student heats 20 g of calcium carbonate strongly.......... = The average mass of one atom of an element 1/12 × the mass of an atom of carbon-12 [1 mark] (ii) One atom of element X is two times heavier than one magnesium atom... [1 mark] ...... What is the relative atomic mass of element X? ……………………………………………………………………….... [1 mark] (ii) Describe the chemical equation in terms of quantitative aspect..... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………............... ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….... CaCO3 → CaO + CO2 (i) State the name of the products.....Soalan Ulangkaji CHEMISTRY 5 CHEMICAL FORMULAE & EQUATIONS 4 (a) Diagram 4 shows that a magnesium atom is two times heavier compare to a carbon atom.

. Y and Z.. [1 mark] (b) (i) Identify the position of element Y in the Periodic Table of Elements.. O = 16 ...... [Molar volume of gas = 24 dm3 mol-1 at room conditions] [2 marks] PERIODIC TABLE OF ELEMENTS & CHEMICAL BONDS 5 Diagram 5 shows the symbols of the atoms of element X. 7 23 X 3 39 Y 11 Z 19 Diagram 5 (a) What is the valence electron of the atom of element X. The letters used are not the actual symbols of the elements... ...... …………………………………………………………………………………………. [ Relative atomic mass: C = 12 . Ca = 40] [3 marks] (iv) Calculate the volume of carbon dioxide produced at room conditions.........Soalan Ulangkaji (iii) 6 CHEMISTRY Calculate the mass of calcium oxide produced...

............... [2 marks] (d) Argon is placed at the same period with element Y in the Periodic Table of Elements...... ………………………………………………………………………………………….... [ Given that proton number of argon is 18 ] …………………………………………………………………………………………............................. [1 mark] (ii) Explain your answer in (d) (i)... ………………………………………………………………………………………….......... …………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………….................. [3 marks] (iii) Write the chemical equation for the reaction between element that you choose in (c) (i) and water.... Y and Z can react with water.. …………………………………………………………………………………………................... [1 mark] (ii) Explain your answer in (c) (i)....... ………………………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………………………......Soalan Ulangkaji (ii) 7 CHEMISTRY …………………………………………………………………………………………. [2 marks] .......... (i) Which of the element most reactive in their reactions with water... [1 mark] Explain why element Y is placed at the position identified in (b) (i)......... [1 mark] (c) Element X... (i) Compare the atomic size argon and element Y.. ………………………………………………………………………………………….........

.... answer the following questions.. (a) (i) Write the electron arrangement of atom Q........………………………………………………………………......……………………………………………………………….. [1 mark] (ii) Explain your answer in (c) (i) based on nuclei attraction force on the valence electrons.... X.........………………………………………………………………..Soalan Ulangkaji 6 CHEMISTRY 8 Diagram 6 shows part of the Periodic Table of Elements.............. ....... ......……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………...........……………….……………….... Q.........………………......………………. [1 mark] (b) State one element which exists as a diatomic molecule. Y and Z according to the atomic size in descending order...... ……………... T.. [1 mark] (c) (i) Arrange the elements Q.......……………………………………………………………………………………… .... ......... T.....……………………………………………………………….... .... X................ 3 Q 7 4 T 9 6 X 12 7 Y 14 8 Z 16 Diagram 6 Using the letters in the Periodic Table of the Elements in Diagram 3.............. .. [1 mark] (ii) Write the formula of ion Q.. Y and Z do not represent the actual symbol of the elements......

. ……………..……………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (ii) State one physical property of the compound formed. Write chemical equation between element X and oxygen.……………………………………………………………………………………… [ 2 marks] (d) X reacts with Z to form a compound..……………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (iii) Draw the electron arrangement for the compound formed. Element Proton number P 6 Q 11 R 17 . [2 marks] 7 (a) (b) Element X reacted with oxygen to form a compound which cannot conduct electricity at any state.Soalan Ulangkaji CHEMISTRY 9 ……………. [3 marks] Table 7 shows the proton number of elements P. (i) What is the type of the compound formed? ……………. Q and R. Suggest one example of element X.

Soalan Ulangkaji CHEMISTRY 10 Table 7 Explain the formation of a compound that has high melting point. [2 marks] (iii) The reaction between element U and W produces a compound.6 V 2.8. V and W.   State one property for the compound formed. 7. Explain the differences between two solutions.1 shows the electron arrangement of elements U. [2 marks] ii) State the group and period of element W in the Periodic Table of Elements.1 W 2. b) i) Identify one metal and one non-metal element.1. type of bond and type of particles of two substances Explain the formation of carbon dioxide and draw the electron arrangement.1 a) Based on the Table 7. Element Electron arrangement U 2. Draw the electron arrangement for the compound formed. (c) Sodium chloride (i) (ii) Carbon dioxide State the type of compound. Table 7. [6 marks] U + Solvent V + water Solution Y Can conduct electricity Change litmus paper Solution Z Can not conduct electricity No change with litmus paper Identify U and solvent V. [3 marks] .1 Table 7.

moves slowly at random on the water surface with a little fizzing sound. Table 7. Element W Unsur W water air W Element W.2 shows the observations of element V and element W when react with water. The solution formed turns red litmus paper to blue.2 (i) Write the chemical equation when element V reacts with water. The solution formed turns red litmus paper to blue. Explain your answer. Element Unsur Observation Pemerhatian Element V Unsur V water air V Element V.Soalan Ulangkaji CHEMISTRY 11 b) Table 7. moves rapidly at random on the surface of the water with a ‘hissing’ sound. [4 marks] (c) Diagram 7 show the set up apparatus used to compare the electrical conductivity of solutions P and Q. Bulb lights up Bulb does not light up Mentol menyala Mentol tak menyala Carbon electrode Elektrod karbon Solution Q Solution P Larutan P Larutan Q Diagram 7 . [3 marks] (ii) Compare the reactivity of elements V and W when react with water.

 the observations at the anode and cathode.  Half equations for the reactions at both electrodes. Design a laboratory experiment to electroplate the iron spoon.1 Compare and contrast Experiment I and Experiment II. [4 marks] ELECTROCHEMISTRY 8 (a) Table 8. Experiment Apparatus set-up A Copper electrodes Copper(II) sulphate solution Elektrod kuprum I Elektrod kuprum Carbon electrodes Elektrod kuprum Elektrod karbon Copper(II) sulphate solution II A Table / Jadual 8.Soalan Ulangkaji CHEMISTRY 12 Based on the observations in Diagram 7. [2 marks] (ii) Explain why there is a difference in the observations. [10 marks] c) A student intends to electroplate an iron spoon with copper to prevent it from rusting.  the name of the products formed at the anode and cathode and  half equations for the reactions at the electrodes in both cells. Include in your answer. (i) Identify the type of compound of solution P and solution Q.  Observation at both electrodes [8 marks] . Your answer should consist of the following  Procedures of the experiment.1 show the set up of apparatus of two experiments to investigate electrolysis process by using different electrodes.  A labelled diagram showing the set up of apparatus.

0 mol dm-3 A Diagram 7.0 mol dm-3 solution is replace by magnesium chloride 0.2 Cell Y Compare cell X and cell Y base on .1 shows the set-up of apparatus to investigate the electrolysis of magnesium chloride 1. V Copper plate P Q Copper plate R S Magnesiu m plate Copper(II) sulphate solution Cell X Diagram 7. [2 marks] Diagram 7.1 (a) (b) (i) Based on Diagram 7. Explain your answer in term of factor that affects discharge of ion.2 shows the set up of apparatus when cell X is combined with cell Y.0 mol dm-3 solution.  energy conversion.  the observations and half equations for the reactions at the electrodes in both cells. Carbon electrode s Magnesium chloride 1. state the name of the products at the cathode and the anode. [10 marks] . [8 marks] (ii) Predict the product at anode and cathode if magnesium chloride 1.1.Soalan Ulangkaji 7 CHEMISTRY 13 Diagram 7.  the name of the cells.0001 mol dm-3 solution. .

. Diagram 1 (i) State the ion that causes an acid shows its acidic properties. ……………………………………………………………………………………............... [2 marks] (iii) State the name of the gas produced in test tube II ……………………………………………………………………………………........ [1 mark] (iv) Write the chemical equation for the reaction between zinc and hydrochloric acid...... [1 mark] (ii) Explain why the differences in observation in test tube I and II........ …………………………………………………………………………………….. Bubbles of gas are produced. ……………………………………………………………………………………........... [2 marks] .. Test tube I II Apparatus set-up Susunan radas Observation Hydogen chloride in tetrachloromethane + zinc powder Hydogen chloride in water + zinc powder No change... ……………………………………………………………………………………...Soalan Ulangkaji CHEMISTRY 14 ACIDS AND BASES 5 (a) Diagram 1 shows the observation in test tube I and test tube II when hydrogen chloride in tetrachloromethane and hydrogen chloride in water are reacted with zinc powder.

The solution turn to pink when phenolphthalein is added. A Concentration / mol dm-3 1. ……………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (iii) Vinegar consists of an ethanoic acid. The solution remain colorless when phenolphthalein is added. . Table 4. C Ionises completely. ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] 4 Hydrochloric acid.0 Solution pH Table 4.Soalan Ulangkaji (b) CHEMISTRY 15 Table 2 shows the information of the solution A.0 1. The solution remain colourless when phenolphthalein is added. B Ionises partially. Describe a chemical test to verify the acid without using an indicator. Solution Larutan Information Maklumat A Ionises completely. solution B and solution C.1 shows two solutions of hydrochloric acid. HCl with different concentration. HCl is a strong acid.1 (a) what is meant by acid ? …………………………………………………………………………………………………. Solution of A. Table 2 (i) Which solution has the lowest pH? ……………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (ii) Give a reason for your answer in (b) (i).001 3..0 B 0. B and C might be an acid and an alkali.

. using phenolphthalein as indicator. [1 mark] (iii) Write the chemical equation for the reaction..2 (i) + phenolphthalein indicator State the colour change of the solution in the conical flask at the end point. …………………………………………………………………………………………..Soalan Ulangkaji 16 CHEMISTRY ………………………………………………………………………………………………….0 mol dm-3 sodium hydroxide solution with solution A.. Explain why....2 shows the set-up of apparatus for titration of 25 cm3 of 1. (c) …………………………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………………. [1 mark] (b) pH value of the solution A and B are different. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. [1 mark] (ii) State the type of the reaction occurred.0 mol dm-3 sodium hydroxide solution Diagram 4. [3 marks] Diagram 4. Solution A 25 cm3 of 1. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………………………... [1 mark] .

5 5.1. The heights of the precipitate formed in each test tube were measured. A fixed volume of 5. plot a graph of the height of the precipitate against volume of lead(II) nitrate solution on the graph paper provided.0 2.5 cm3 of 1.5 5.0 1.5 1.5 Height of precipitate /cm 1.Soalan Ulangkaji (iv) CHEMISTRY 17 Calculate the volume of solution A needed to neutralise the sodium hydroxide solution.5 cm3 was added into test tube 7.4 5.0 cm3 into test tube 2 and so on until 3.5 2.0 cm 3 of 1. [3 marks] . 0.5 Table 7. 1.0 3.1 (i) Based on Table 7.2 3.1 2.0 mol dm-3 potassium iodide solution was placed in each test tube.4 4. The results are shown in Table 7.0 moldm-3 lead(II) nitrate solution / cm3 0.0 mol dm-3 lead(II) nitrate solution was added into test tube 1.1 Test tube 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Volume of 1. [3 marks] SALT 7 (a) A student has carried out an experiment to construct an ionic equation for the formation of lead(II) iodide.5 3. Seven test tubes of the same size were labelled 1 to 7.

2 (i) State the name of substances A milky . PbCO 3. Then. [3 marks] (iii) 9 + Colourless gas B Why does gas B turns lime water milky? Write the chemical equation for the reaction occurred. calculate the number of moles of iodide ions that has reacted with 1 mol of lead(II) ions. [4 marks] (ii) State the ion presence in solution D that give the blue colour. [2 marks] (b) Diagram 7. Describe a chemical test to verify the ion. Compound A Hea t (Green powder) Colourless gas B + Black powder C turns lime water milky Blue solution D turns lime water Diagram 7. [3 marks] Diagram 9 shows a series of reaction starting from lead(II) carbonate.Soalan Ulangkaji CHEMISTRY 18 (ii) Determine the volume of lead(II)nitrate solution that had reacted completely with 5.2 shows a series of reactions for compound A. C and D. [4 marks] (iv) Write the ionic equation for the formation of lead(II) iodide.0 mol dm-3 potassium iodide. B .0 cm 3 of 1. calculate the number of moles of lead(II) ions and iodide ions that are required for the formation of lead(II) iodide. [1 mark] (iii) Using the volume obtained in (a) (ii). Compound A is insoluble in water. PbCO3 + HNO3 Heat panaskan Gas Y PbO + Solution X + Larutan X Crystallisation Penghabluran Solid X Pepejal X Gas Y + H2O .

Describe a chemical test to verify gas Y. ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (iii) Write the chemical equation for the reaction between substance X and substance Y.  Describe a chemical test to determine the presence of anion in the solution X. Substance X is produced from Contact process whereas substance Y from Haber process. X : ………………………………………………………………………… Y : ………………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] (ii) State one use of ammonium sulphate in agriculture field.1 State the name of substance X and substance Y.Soalan Ulangkaji CHEMISTRY 19 Diagram / Rajah 9 (a) Based on Diagram 9 :  Identify gas Y. MANUFACTURED SUBSTANCES 1 (a) Diagram 1.1 shows ammonium sulphate formed from the reaction between substance X and substance Y. Contact process Proses Sentuh X Haber process Proses Haber (i) Y Ammonium sulphate Ammonium sulfat Diagram / Rajah 1. H Cl C C . ……………………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] (b) Diagram 1. PbCO 3 are heated.2 shows the structure formula of a polymer.  Compare and contrast the observation when solid X and lead(II) carbonate.

.. (i) Name the major component of glass.  Decorative lamp /Lampu hiasan  Prism / Prisma ........ ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (ii) Draw the structure formula of it monomer..... …………………………………………………........Soalan Ulangkaji CHEMISTRY 20 H H n (i) Diagram /Rajah 1.. ………………………... Type of glass/ Jenis kaca Uses / Kegunaan Borosilicate glass Kaca borosilikat  Cookware / Alatan memasak  Laboratory glassware / Alatan kaca makmal ..................... ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (b) There are four types of glasses that are used in our daily lives... ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (iv) The polymer is not suitable to be buried for disposing... [1 mark] (iii) Disposal of the polymer by burning is not suitable.. Give a reason. [1 mark] (ii) Table 2 shows three types of glasses and their uses. Complete the table..... Give a reason...2 State the name of the polymer........ ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (v) Suggest how to solve the problems in (b) (iii) and (b) (iv).

[1 mark] (d) Explain the difference of hardness of alloy Y and pure iron Observer eye RATE OF REACTION 2 Diagram 2 shows the set-up of apparatus to study the rate of reaction between hydrochloric acid with sodium tiosulphate solution.................. Atom M Atom M Atom iron /Atom ferum Alloy X / Aloi X Diagram / Rajah 1 (a) State the name of alloy X. [1 mark] (c) (i) Draw the arrangement of atom in pure iron..... ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 250 cm3 conical flask Sodium thiosulphate solution ‘X’ sign + hydrochloric White paper acid Diagram . ……………………………………………………… [1 mark] 1 Diagram 1 shows railway tracks and the arrangement of atom in alloy that made the railway tracks...Soalan Ulangkaji CHEMISTRY 21 ………………………………...……………………. [1 mark] (b) State the name of atom M....  Bottle / Botol  Mirrors / Cermin Table 2 [2 marks] (iii) Why is borosilicate glass suitable to make cookware and laboratory glassware? .... ………………………………………………………………………………………….

What is the colour of the precipitate? (b) …………………………………………………………………………………………………. [Given that the relative atomic mass of S = 32] [2 marks] (d) (i) State two factors that affect the rate of reaction in this experiment. [2 marks] (c) The chemical equation for the reaction occurred in this reaction is : Na2S2O3 + 2HCl → 2NaCl + S + SO2 + H2O Based on the calculation in (b) and the chemical equation above..0 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid was added to the sodium thiosulphate solution and the mixture swirled. At the same time the stopwatch was started. a precipitate is formed. .0 cm3 of 2. 5. [1 mark] Calculate the number of moles of HCl and the number of moles of Na 2S2O3 used in the experiment. (a) In this reaction.Soalan Ulangkaji 22 CHEMISTRY In this reaction. Na2S2O3 is placed on a white paper marked with the ‘X’ sign.2 mol dm-3 sodium thiosulphate solution. calculate the mass of the precipitate formed. The time is taken as soon as the ‘X’ sign is no longer visible. a 250 cm3 conical flask contained 50 cm3 of 0.

Experiment Reactants Temperature / 0 C Time taken for all the magnesium to dissolve /s I Excess hydrochloric acid + 0. …………………………………………………………………………………………. molar gas volume : 24 dm3 mol-1 at room condition ] [5 marks] (ii) Compare the rate of reaction between Experiment I and Experiment II or Experiment II and Experiment III.... Calculate the maximum volume of hydrogen gas produced. ………………………………………………………………………………………….2g magnesium ribbon + copper(II) sulphate solution 40 15 Table 9 (i) Write the chemical equation for the reaction between magnesium and hydrochloric acid..Soalan Ulangkaji CHEMISTRY 23 …………………………………………………………………………………………... …………………………………………………………………………………………. explain how the factor that you are stated in (d) (i) affect the rate of reaction.2g magnesium ribbon 30 50 II Excess hydrochloric acid + 0. [4 marks] 9 (a) Table 9 shows the data from Experiment I... [2 marks] (ii) By using any one of the factor that you are stated in (d) (i).2g magnesium ribbon 40 20 III Excess hydrochloric acid + 0. [ Relative atomic mass : Mg =24 ... ………………………………………………………………………………………….... . …………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………….. Experiment II and Experiment III that were carried out to investigate the factors that affects the rate of reaction.

[10 marks] CARBON COMPOUND 1 Diagram 1 shows the structural formula of two of hydrocarbons. [5 marks] (b) By using either the factor of size of reactant or concentration. explain why there is difference in the rate of reaction... [1 mark] (e) State the type of reaction when bromine water is reacted with ethene. describe an experiment how this factor affecting the rate of reaction. H C H H H C H H C H Ethene H C H H compound Y Diagram 1 (a) State the name of the homologous series in which compound Y is placed.Soalan Ulangkaji CHEMISTRY 24 With reference to collision theory . …………………………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………………. [1 mark] (d) What is observation when bromine water is added to ethene ? …………………………………………………………………………………………………. [1 mark] (b) Write the general formula of the homologous series that you are stated in (a).. …………………………………………………………………………………………………. [1 mark] (c) Write the molecular formula of compound Y …………………………………………………………………………………………………. [1 mark] ...

state the products formed when the hydrocarbon is burning and write the equation involved. Describe the preparation of ester ethylethanoate OXIDATIOAN & REDUCTION 5 Diagam 5 shows the set-up of apparatus to investigate the reaction between iron(II) sulphate solution and acified potassium dichromate(VI) solution through the transfer of electrons at a distance.Soalan Ulangkaji (f) CHEMISTRY 25 (i) State the name of the products formed when ethene burnt completely in excess oxygen. Choose one hydrocarbon above. A (a) (b) (c) (d) B C D Which two of structural formulae are isomer. . Explain your answer.. [2 marks] 10 Diagram show structural formula of four hydrocarbons. (ii) …………………………………………………………………………………………. Describe a chemical test how to differentiate hydrocarbon A dan D.. [1 mark] Write the chemical equation for the reaction in (f) (i). …………………………………………………………………………………………...

draw the set-up of apparatus to investigate the redox reaction through transfer of electron at a distance. [1 mark] (e) You are provided with the following :       (i) Bromine water Potassium iodide solution Carbon electrodes Beaker Porous pot Connecting wire By using the given materials and apparatus. [1 mark] (d) On the diagram above.... ..Soalan Ulangkaji 26 CHEMISTRY Diagram 5 (a) What is the colour of iron(II) sulphate solution? …………………………………………………………………………………………………. + 6e → …Cr3+ + …H2O Complete the equation. …………………………………………………………………………………………. [1 mark] (c) The incomplete half equation occur at Y is : Cr2O72..+ ……. [1 mark] (b) (i) Write the half equation for the reaction occur at X. [1 mark] (ii) State the change in oxidation number of iron. …………………………………………………………………………………………. show the direction of electrons flow.

....................... (i) State the observation involved............ ......................................................................................... .............. (ii) ........ …………………………………………………………………………………………........................................................................................................Soalan Ulangkaji CHEMISTRY 27 [2 marks] (ii) On your diagram in (e) (i)............................... [1 mark] Diagram 5 shows the set-up of apparatus to investigate the reaction occurred in test tubes A and B.............. ................................ indicate the positive and negative terminal............................... .. [2 marks] Based on test tube B................................ [1 mark] (iii) 5.............. (a) Diagram 5 Based on test tube A............................................................ [1 mark] ................................ ........ (i) Name the reaction occurred..... [2 marks] (iii) (b) State a chemical test to verify the product formed.................... ................................................................................................................. [1 mark] Write the ionic equation for the reaction.............. State the change in oxidation number for bromine in this reaction........

.......................... State the observation involved.................1... ....................... II and III using different acid that has been reacted with sodium hydroxide solution................................ Energy Energy CaCO3 + Mg + FeSO4 2NaCl ΔH= ..............................................................6 kJ CaCl2 + Na2CO3 Diagram 10..2 mol dm-3 iron(II) sulphate solution.......................................Soalan Ulangkaji (ii) (c) CHEMISTRY 28 Experiment is repeated by using copper to replace zinc............. [Specific heat capacity of solution : 4.......................................... [1 mark] THERMOCHEMISTRY 10 (a) Diagrams 10...................1 and 10......... . calculate the change in temperature of the solution if excess magnesium powder is added to 50 cm3 of 0...................................... Experiment Chemical Equation I HCl + NaOH → NaCl + H2O II CH3COOH + NaOH  CH3COONa + H2O Heat released (kJ) 57 54 . ........ Your explanation should include the following :  ionic equations  type of chemical reactions  energy content of reactants and products [6 marks] (ii) Based on Diagram 10....................................2 shows the heat released for Experiment I................................................................................. State one method to prevent the rusting of iron. [1 mark] Compare the answer in (b)(i) and (b) (ii) and explain why there is a difference in the observation...2 show two energy level diagrams...2 (i) (b) Compare both the energy level diagrams above............. [2 marks] (d) When iron is exposed to water and oxygen............................................. it rusts easily......... .........1 ΔH= + 12........ ..............200 kJ MgSO4 + Fe Diagram 10..........2 J g -1 oC-1] [3 marks] Table 2......

2.1 (i) Name part A and part B of the anions.1 in hard water. include the following aspects:  Materials and apparatus needed  Procedure of experiment  A table to collect data  Calculation method [10 marks] CONSUMER 8 (a) Diagram 8. Ingredient : Water. In your description. Write an ionic equation to show the reaction of anion of soap in hard water. aspartame. Explain your answer. citric acid. Expiry date : 03 Jan 2011 .1 shows the structure of anion parts of a soap and a detergent. Anion of a soap Anion of a detergent Part A Part B Diagram 8.Soalan Ulangkaji III CHEMISTRY 29 114 H2SO4 + 2NaOH  Na2SO4 + 2H2O Table 2. octyl butanoate and tartazine. These anions consist of part A and part B as shown in the diagram. [6 marks] Diagram 8.2 Based on Table 3. [4 marks] (ii) (b) Compare the effectiveness of the cleansing action of the two anions shows in the diagram 8.2 shows the label of soft drink. explain the difference in heat released between : (i) (ii) Experiment I and Experiment II Experiment I and Experiment III [6 marks] (c) Describe a laboratory experiment to determine the heat of displacement of metal by a more electropositive metal. State the solubility of part A and part B in the cleansing action.

2 Based on the ingredient used. [4 marks] (c) A patient is suffering from tuberculosis for a period of time.Soalan Ulangkaji 30 CHEMISTRY Diagram 8. Suggest a type of medicine that should be taken and the prescription should be followed by the patient. [4 marks] . classify the type of food additives that contained in this soft drink.