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10 Tips for the IELTS Essay- Task 2 (250 Words min

1) Read the statement carefully and make sure you understand it. Always decide on
what you are going to write before you start. Make a list of your main points.
2) It should be easy to identify the introduction, development and conclusion. Each
section should have at least one separate paragraph.
3) Type or write in a clear, large script.
4) Address the entire question or statement, not just part of it.
5) Learn the rules of English punctuation and use them. Each sentence should start with a
capital letter and end with a period, question mark or exclamation point.
6) Write short, simple complete sentences. This style sounds strong in English
7) Do not begin sentences with the conjunctions and, or, but or with because.
8) Make sure that each sentence has a clearly identifiable main subject and main verb
and that they agree in number and tense.
9) Use a variety of sentence structures; at least one question, passive voice sentence,
conditional sentence, complex sentence, etc.
10) Use specific examples or reasons to support your ideas. Stories or examples from your
personal life are best. Remember, no one is checking up to see if these stories are true.
Choose the best answer for each of the following questions. There is only one correct
answer choice for each. You will need to write down your answers for this quiz; it is NOT
a computer test.
Have fun!
1. ______ not very healthy.
A Eaten cookies is
B Eating cookies are
C Eating cookies which are
D Eating cookies is

The population of the US is ______. A you saw was B that saw C who saw . The guy ______ my brother. A greater than Canada B more than the population Canada C greater than that of Canada D greater than Canada's one 4. You make ______. Your job is ______ your TOEFL score. A me happily B me happy C happy me D me to happy 5.2. A her life and helped B her life to helping C her help and life D to help 6. A working hard and raising B which works hard and raising C worked hard and raised D to work hard and raise 3. Mother Theresa dedicated ______ the poor.

D that saw you 7. You are the first person ______ I am funny. A rich and gave B the rich and gave to the C the rich and giving D rich and the Importance of punctuation mark: 1.A to tell me B telling me that C who telling me D that tells me to be 8. or exclamation point (exclamation mark or shout mark). . A You said B You said that C What you said was D The thing 9. question mark. Robin Hood stole from ______ poor. ______ pretty funny. A The room came B The room came into C Into the room came D Came into the room 10. ______ a new student. End your sentences with a period (full stop).

 What has humanity done about the growing concern of global warming? o The exclamation point (exclamation mark. Jenna.  The accessibility of the computer has increased tremendously over the past several years. if the two clauses are very wordy or complex. ) has a few uses. such as restate. Use the semicolon and colon properly. Note that. especially those that contain commas. Example: re-arrange.  Use the colon to introduce a list. it is better to use a period instead. o The question mark ( ? ).  I went to the show with Jake. when a long word might have been split between two lines.  INCORRECT .Use the period (full stop) to denote a full stop at the end of a statement. Understand the differences between a hyphen and a dash. shout mark)( ! ) suggests excitement or emphasis in a sentence. and other candy. which would be harder to read. Use only after a full sentence which ends in a noun. 3. and her best friend. his friend. Jane. the word following suggests the use of a colon. or to fail the class.  Use a semicolon to separate two related but independent clauses.  I can't believe how difficult the exam was! 2.) was once a common punctuation mark on typewriters. Understand that some words do not require a hyphen to separate the prefix from the word. Let a dictionary be your guide for when to use the hyphen after a prefix. Usually. it would be reexamine. The period ( . suggests an interrogatory remark or inquiry. ) is one of the most commonly used punctuation marks.  The professor has given me three options: to retake the exam. o The colon ( : ) has multiple uses. pretest. my close friend. to accept the extra credit assignment. The purpose of this hyphen is to make the word easier to read. If you were to leave the hyphen out of a word like re-examine. chocolate rabbits. used at the end of a sentence. our failure to conserve resources has put the world at risk. The hyphen is still used in a number of other areas:  Use a hyphen when adding a prefix to some words. and undo. .  People continue to worry about the future. Be careful not to use a colon when denoting a regular series. o When you use a hyphen. o The hyphen ( . o The semicolon ( . the two words have to rely on each other.  Use a semicolon to separate a complex series of items.The Easter basket contained: Easter eggs.

whether made by a person or taken from a piece of literature. then you may need to revise. you should use 's. be mindful of nouns that are always considered to be plural. ("The amount is one hundred and eighty" is a common error in US English.  An introductory clause is a brief phrase that comes—yes. There should be spaces before and after the dash in British English. but should still be relevant to the sentence.. A singular noun will use 's. Cara is his ex-girlfriend. since all compound adjectives are hyphenated (I have one-hundred tapes). such as children and people — here. He lived to be one hundred twentyone.)  Be careful with spelling out numbers above one hundred—if the number is used as an adjective. It can also be used to add a parenthetical statement. Use the double quotation mark and single quotation mark/apostrophe for different purposes. 4. however. an additional comment. Use hyphens when creating compound words from separate words. such as for further clarification. a hyphen should only occur if a number greater than 100 occurs within the larger number. Also. a sudden change of thought.  "I can't wait to see him perform!" John exclaimed. Elsewhere in the English-speaking world. the "and" is usually included. where the "and" is usually omitted.  This is the end of our sentence—or so we thought.  Use a hyphen when writing numbers out as words. use parentheses. Try to remove the statement within the dash from the sentence. if the sentence appears disjointed or does not make sense.g. whereas the plural version of that singular noun will use s'. e.  The up-to-date newspaper reporters were quick to jump on the latest scandal. Separate the two words of any number under one hundred with a hyphen. Be aware of pronouns that are  . Be aware of the difference in using an apostrophe with singular or plural nouns. o The dash ( -. Keep in mind that the rest of the sentence should still flow naturally. or a dramatic qualification.  According to the article. Otherwise.  There are fifty-two playing cards in a deck.or — ) should be used when making a brief interruption within a statement. you guessed it—at the beginning of a sentence." o The single quotation mark or apostrophe ( ' ) has a variety of uses. Otherwise. rather than its face value.  Use the apostrophe together with the letter s to indicate possession. o The double quotation ( " ) encloses a direct quotation. it is completely hyphenated. the value of the dollar in developing nations is "strongly influenced by its aesthetic value.

It is also necessary to use a comma to separate the city and state from the rest of the sentence.  A pluralized singular noun with possession. and they have becomes they've.  Bill Gates. resonating sound caught our attention. sound caught our attention. o Use the comma when denoting a series.  Use the apostrophe to combine two words to make a contraction.  These children's test scores are the highest in the nation. you are becomes you're. o Use a comma when referring to a city and state.already possessive and do not require apostrophes. or a break within a sentence that supplements and adds information to the subject. To save space in newspapers.  A plural noun with possession. .  In the pet store. computer hardware and other electronic paraphernalia. This is a very common mistake and should be avoided.  I am originally from Freehold. where it becomes theirs. There are several instances where you might use a comma: o Use the comma when denoting an appositive. Their is possessive without apostrophe or s. except as a predicate adjective.  INCORRECT . cannot becomes can't. some writers may omit the last comma. CEO of Microsoft. is the developer of the operating system known as Windows.  Ali said.The powerful.  CORRECT .  The hamster's water tube needs to be refilled. is one of the largest cities in the United States.The powerful.  A singular noun with possession. bananas. the hamsters' bedding needed to be changed. except that it is incorrect to place a comma after the final adjective. such as hers and its (it's is used only for the contractions of it is and it has). NJ. and oranges. ). o Use a comma if your subject has two or more adjectives describing it. This is a set of three or more "list" items within a sentence.  CORRECT . This is somewhat similar to a series.  Use the single quotation mark within a regular quotation to indicate a quotation within a → apple's → apples  INCORRECT .  The fruit basket contained apples. For example. Indicate a break or pause within a sentence with the comma ( . "Anna told me. resonating. 'I wasn't sure if you wanted to come!'"  Note that an apostrophe is not used with 's' to make a plural noun from a singular. CA.  The computer store was filled with video games. This is another commonly used punctuation mark.  Los Angeles.

 You will need a flashlight for the camping trip (don't forget the batteries!).  After the show.  Water bills usually rise during the summer."  A partial direct quotation that does not require a comma.  An afterthought. or to add a personal comment. but he forgot his sunscreen.  An indirect quotation that does not require a comma.  According to the client.  Ryan went to the beach yesterday. so. John asked me if I wanted anything to eat. If your sentence contains two independent clauses that are separated by a conjunction (such as and. John asked.  Amber. Understand the difference between parentheses. It is not necessary to use a comma in an indirect quote. A comma should come after the last word before a quotation that is being introduced. brackets.  Used for clarification. Be sure to include the period after the closing parenthesis. An introductory phrase briefly introduces the sentence.  Steve Case (AOL's former CEO) resigned from the Time-Warner board of directors in 2005.  On the back of my couch. A comma is usually not necessary if you are not quoting an entire statement. could you come here for a moment? o Use a comma to separate direct quotations. and it therefore should be separated from the main clause by a comma. Having two independent clauses in a sentence simply means that you can split the sentence into two. John and I went out to dinner. o Use the comma to separate two independent clauses. because this is something that we do normally while speaking. nor. but is not part of the sentence's subject or predicate. separate the person's name and the rest of the statement with a comma. my cat's claws have slowly been carving a large hole. the lawyer was "lazy and incompetent. as people are thirstier during hot and humid days. and braces. Note that this kind of comma is used rarely in writing. When calling one's attention by name. as. place a comma before the conjunction. for. commas can replace the parentheses. "Do you want anything to eat?"  A direct quotation. but. to place an afterthought. Note that the period (full stop) follows the last parentheses — not before the first.Use a comma to separate an introductory phrase (which is usually one or more prepositional phrases) from the rest of the sentence.  While I was at his house. Here. or yet ). 6. Also note that replacing the parentheses with a comma may not be o .  While I was at his house. o Use a comma when making a direct address. o Use parentheses ( ( ) ) to clarify.

you will need your driver's license and/or your birth certificate. Brackets are often used to encompass the word "sic" (Latin for thus).  { 1. / life is but a dream. Be sure to add spaces between your slashes here. 2. 10." said Susan Smith." o The slash is used when quoting lyrics and poetry to denote a line break.entirely suitable here. o Braces ( { } ) are most widely used in denoting a numeric set in mathematics. You can also use brackets to clarify or to revise a direct quote so that it appeals to your own writing. or would you prefer to go to the mall?" → "Do you want to go to the grocery store / would you prefer to go to the mall? – This is incorrect.  "Row. row.  "It was absolutely devastating!" – the actual quote by Susan Smith. merrily. Use these replacements in moderation to place greater emphasis where "and" may not do so—as well as as not to confuse the reader. merrily. braces can also be used in regular writing to indicate a set of equal. as in "his/her". Though generally uncommon. 20 }  Choose your favorite utensil { fork. as shown below." → "The student/part-time employee has very little free time.  "The student and part-time employee has very little free time. 7.  "[The blast] was absolutely devastating. spoon } and bring it to me. you suggest that there is equal important to both characteristics. By replacing "and" with a slash.  Most grammarians believe that parentheses and commas are always interchangeable (I disagree)."  "Do you want to go to the grocery store. and is better off with a period or a semicolon. a local bystander at the scene of the incident. o Use brackets ( [ ] ) to signify an editor's note in a regular piece of writing.  A personal comment. 5. when appropriate. with the error intended to be displayed. The phrase "and/or" suggests that a series of options are not mutually exclusive. Know how to use the slash ( / ). suggesting that the previous word or phrase was written "as is".  "To register. merrily. TIPS ON GRAMMAR: . You can also do the same for "or". However you should not use the slash to separate independent clauses. independent choices. row your boat / gently down the stream / Merrily." o The slash can replace the word "and" to join two nouns. o Use the slash to separate "and" and "or". knife.

their rules can be at odds with what you read here or elsewhere." En dashes are also used between numbers. try to avoid excessive use of question marks and exclamation points. Mother Teresa and the Pope." (Commas and periods (full stops) are always put inside the quotation marks for a sentence in American English. as in. Your reader will appreciate writing that is clear and concise with briefer statements. regardless of whether the quotation has punctuation at the end. Other types of punctuation marks are put outside the quotation if they are not part of the quotation. You might want to replace the use of a dash with a set of parentheses. be sure to follow any guidelines or style guides provided by your employer.  Many grammar experts believe that parentheses and commas are often interchangeable when setting off information. While this is sometimes true. "He took the Paris–New York route. In making compound words.  At times. For example. "like so".  Although dashes and parentheses have similar uses. use an en dash ( – ) rather than a hyphen. b. b and c). there are some cases where a set of parentheses might be more suitable. to denote a range. "like so. Similarly. so that it is easier on the reader's eyes. when one of the words is itself composed of two words. In some cases. they should be reserved to emphasize a couple of important points. find a way to add a comma or two. or even commas. as in page numbers or years. American English leaves the punctuation mark inside the quotation if it is part of the quotation. British English will switch back and forth between the inside and outside. such as in indicating one's personal thought. but their rules always take precedence. depending on the context. Most of your sentences should be declarative statements. make sure that the meaning of the sentence can stand without its use.) British English tends to leave the punctuation mark outside the quotation.")  The placement of punctuation marks before or after a closing quotation mark varies.  Never be afraid to have short sentences in your writing by splitting up long sentences that contain several points. If a sentence becomes too long.  Dashes are usually considered to be informal. and c) and others do not (a. as in. interrogative quotations may keep the question mark inside the quotation.  If you decide against the serial comma in your work.  There are exceptions to the hyphen-dash rule. then consider splitting it into two or more sentences. as opposed to a one-page paragraph with twenty words per sentence . limit the frequency of dash use in your writing. remember that parentheses indicate a stronger "side notion" than dashes."  If you find that a sentence seems to drag on. For example. "Do you like this question?"  In formal writing. Think about the classic example of a sentence in which the serial comma is needed: "My heroes are my parents. some companies use serial commas (a.* If you write in a professional capacity. ("A discussion on personal finance is found in pages 45–62.

Use the strategies explained in the section. Working out unfamiliar vocabulary' to help you work out the meanings of these words. There are a few main skills that you will need in order to do well in the IELTS Reading Module. Apart from the below information I have given you a lot of tips and discussed about a lot more strategies. Read the first paragraph which often focuses on the main idea. essential to read both efficiently and effectively. Locate key words in the question and find them or synonyms for them. Helpful hints for the Practice Reading Module There may be some words in the passage with which you are unfamiliar. Scanning the text for specific answers (about 1 minute per question) Use your time wisely. Only look in the given text. Spend no longer than one minute on finding each answer. make a sensible guess in the appropriate form. table. diagram or graph for the answer required. you can check these answers again. Generally. If you are still unsure of the answer after you have spent approximately one minute on the question. If you are unsure of any . therefore. in the text. the concluding paragraph provides a summary of the given passage. The first sentence of each paragraph usually expresses the key points of the paragraph. You may wish to mark the answers you are unsure of in some way so that. Previewing (about 2 minutes for each passage) (a) Study the passage by noting: titles headings illustrations diagrams (b) Study key parts of the passage by skimming.Reading Comprehension Strategies One of the main difficulties experienced by students doing the Reading Module is not having enough time to complete the test. It is. Be aware of the use of connective words. The sentences around these words are most likely to contain the answers you need. You may wish to highlight these with a pen. if you do have time at the end of the Reading Module. These will help you with the general meaning of the text.

Working out unfamiliar vocabulary When reading a passage in the IELTS test. . X. Note if there is a glossary accompanying the passage. A correct response will be marked wrong if it is written in the wrong form. check the table of common connective words. If you do need to know the meaning of an unfamiliar word. restate. for example. to check if there is a glossary. You may not need to understand the exact meaning of an unknown word. There are various strategies that you can use to work out the meaning of the unknown words. refers to. Look for a definition Sometimes the writers realise that the word is an uncommon one so they define. Check the context Are there any clues in the surrounding words or phrases? Look particularly at the words just before and just after the unfamiliar words. adjective. it is most likely that you will come across words with which you are unfamiliar. Identify the word's place and purpose Is it a noun. Words that signal meaning often include is. Treat the unknown word as an algebraic entity X Observe the relationship of the unknown word. Often this is enough to answer questions that include X. Follow the instructions carefully. means. unless there is a question directly related to it. that is. consists of. Remember. don't panic. affixes and possible similarity of words in your own language can help you to identify the meaning. too. semicolons or question marks? Look for connective words They are often near the unknown words and will usually help to identify the general direction of the argument which will help to give some understanding of the unknown word.answers. verb or adverb in the sentence? Are there any punctuation clues. For example. explain or give an example of it. Break the word down into syllables Sometimes knowledge of common roots. Be prepared for this. to other words and concepts with which you are more familiar. Snoring is a noise generated by vibrations of the soft parts of the throat during sleep.

Look for minor details such as different numbers or omissions.Listening Strategies: In the IELTS Listening Section. Listen to every word in the instructions very carefully. However even if you lose your focus for two minutes you may lose out on vital information essential for answering one or . a name or maybe a number? Check the differences between similar-looking pictures or diagrams. Previewing and predicting An announcer will briefly outline:    the topic who is talking the situation. You must. therefore. Listening for specific information Use of previewing and predicting skills will help you listen for the specific information you need to answer the questions in the Listening Section. There are a few main skills you will need to do well in the IELTS Listening Section: Understanding the instructions Instructions are spoken on the tape. Extra ten minutes will be given for you to transfer your anawers to the answer sheet. Here are some hints for previewing and predicting:    Study the question carefully and try to predict what type of answer is required. will it be a date. it is quite likely to lose your concentration. Listening for key words and common connective words often helps to signal the specific information that you need in order to answer the question. Ensure that you follow them exactly and answer in the correct way. A Word of Caution Since you are not doing anything else but just listening and some of the topics may not be of your interest. use a number of strategies to help you listen closely. Try to listen carefully as this will help you to preview the questions. For example. the recording is played once only.

Underline these words with a pencil. How do you feel about it?  Establish a point of view and list some points for development.  Think carefully about the topic. In an IELTS Task 2 Writing answer. Writing Task 2 All too often students begin planning or even bringing their answers in the IELTS Writing Module before they understand what is actually expected of them. The word essay comes from an old French word essai which meant to attempt or try out. Writing When you are writing an essay. Preparation You may wish to spend about 3-5 minutes working out exactly what you are going to do. a structure based on the following elements could be used (summarized in the flow chart below). There are also key topic words which point to the most important parts of the question.two questions in that section. Sit straight and take notes. Underline those words too. Following the steps below will help you to plan a well-structured and coherent essay or report that addresses the given task. your purpose is to develop your point of view in a convincing way. Think about how they will develop into paragraphs. or to test.  Ensure that your points are arranged in a logical order. Introductory paragraph The introduction of a Task 2 answer should begin with a general statement or idea of your own that takes into account the key topic . There are five steps to consider. The answer normally takes the form of a short essay.  Study the question carefully.  Decide which points will be written as topic sentences. Most task statements or questions have a key instructional word or words telling you what to do. Ask yourself how the key words relate to the given instruction. So be very alert.

words or their synonyms. You can expect to write about 2-4 body paragraphs for an essay. This appears too mechanical and superficial. There are many different ways to organise your ideas for body paragraphs. INTRODUCTION  General statement  Thesis statement BODY PARAGRAPH 1  Topic sentence including connective word  First supporting sentence  Second supporting sentence  Third supporting sentence BODY PARAGRAPH 2 . Try to develop every paragraph adequately. detail. Body paragraphs Body paragraphs each consist of several sentences that are arranged in a logical way to develop a main idea. Do not simply repeat your opening paragraph. Every sentence in the paragraph must be directly related to it. Be confident of the ideas you choose. explanations. Each of these contains an appropriate connective word to ensure a smooth transition between paragraphs. It weighs up the points in your essay and should strengthen your thesis statement. cause and effect or making comparisons or contrasts. logical inference. This connective is then put in a topic sentence which is the main point of the paragraph clearly stated in a sentence. The last sentence of the introduction should include a thesis statement which shows the point of view or direction that will be taken in the answer. The conclusion A good conclusion serves several purposes:     It indicates the end of your essay. It gives your final thoughts and assessments on the essay subject. This may be done through the use of examples.

I have used accurate spelling. It lists points to think about when checking your essay. I have used accurate grammatical structures. consistent verb tenses.BODY PARAGRAPH 3 FURTHER BODY PARAGRAPHS CONCLUSION  Final assessment connective with concluding Editing (about 3-5 minutes) In the last few minutes. Study the checklist for editing. such as spelling or grammatical errors. Be sure you have written what you intended and that there are no important ideas missing. 4. verb and adjectives) and appropriate use of a and the as well as prepositions. I have stated the main idea for each paragraph in a topic sentence and all the points are related to this topic. Become familiar with the list so that you will know what to check for in the actual IELTS Writing Module.I have used a range of sentence structures. for example. 3. 2.I have used connective words effectively to link ideas so that the thoughts move logically and clearly from sentence . Checklist for editing 1.I have used appropriate vocabulary. you should check for obvious errors. subject-verb agreement. 5. accurate word formation (especially of nouns. 6.

I have supplied enough sufficient examples or facts. I have developed each paragraph adequately. sentence and paragraph to paragraph. detailed information and 9. 10. . 8. Every paragraph that I have written has definitely helped to address the task. I have developed a definite point of view.