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Running head: PREVENT

Gary W. Ticey
Argosy University


The war on drugs and deinstitutionalization has caused the prison population in America
to become a major concern. As reported here, the population of prisoners in America is
comprised of mostly mentally ill inmates. This to me speaks to the lop-sided embedded norms
which skew viewpoints on how to treat mental illness. Why there are more committed property
crimes, why are (Gary, 2014) more minorities suffering in jail and prison with mental illness
than there are in treatment? What is more bothersome is there are reports telling that African
Americans now constitute nearly 1 million of the total 2.3 million incarcerated populations,
(NAACP, 2009-2014). We should be treating these people rather than keep a high costly rate of
recidivism. The report goes on to say that a little over 50% of the prison population suffers from
a mental illness, which it evident that our mental illness practices are lacking and is in need of a
paradigm shift meaning, what is the best practice. More evident as the following report state,
only a small percent of the 50% are properly treated for their mental illness, as reported, A
recent study (2006) by the U.S. Department of Justice found that more than half of all prison and
jail inmates have a mental health problem compared with 11 percent of the general population,
yet only one in three prison inmates and one in six jail inmates receive any form of mental health
treatment, (Anasseril, 2007).
The fact is that old model and the most embedded medical norms in our history for
treating mental illness were exclusive encompassing only treating the majority. Therefore
B.R.E.A.T.H.E has taken up the responsibility of becoming a model for a pilot agency that
promotes a diversified practice. It is known that a correlation exist between people criminally
abnormal as the result of being social and economically disadvantaged, and being social and
economically disadvantaged produces mental illness behavior symptoms. Meaning, having
societal disadvantages is related to abnormal mental disorder. This finding was reported in the


NAMI fact sheet which states, Social circumstances often serve as an indicator for the
likelihood of developing a mental illness. African Americans are disproportionately more likely
to experience social circumstances that increase their chances of developing a mental illness
(NAMI). The paradigm shift in treatment that we suggest can reverse the symptoms of most
illnesses of this sort no matter who is displaying them.
We know that disadvantages are a product of ownership of the worlds power and
resources being distributed unfairly which in turn creates oppression. This behavior not only
creates poverty, it creates mental illness which results in symptoms of maladapted behavior.
Because there are so many sufferers of this mental illness, most prisoners will not be treated for
the right illness, as reported, Given the limited resources of most prisons, however, it seems
doubtful whether most prisoners with these illnesses receive appropriate care, such as that
mandated by the European Convention on Human Rights and other international charters
(Anasseril, 2007).
Consequently the weaker and disadvantaged behaves differently than their affluent
counterparts, which is understandable. If a starving dog is close to food he will try to eat to live.
Its a natural instinct. Mental illness causes criminal behavior and some of its symptoms are
stealing or looting, selling drugs, selling sex and doing anything to escape the grip of poverty and
hopelessness which all these behaviors lead to deeper mental problems like depression, paranoia,
psychopathic thoughts. Thus, creating thinking and behavior patterns that cause people to end up
in the penal system, (going to prison or jail) instead of the mental institution. Furthermore,
imprisonment has never solved the problem; as a matter of fact by putting people in jail instead
of creating innovative intervention programs has created a public concern. Something has to be
done. (Aufderheide 2014) states that it pertinent that the treatment of people with mental illness


in jails and prisons becomes a public safety/public health issue Society will have to make
changes in how to treat mentally ill poor people of every background.
Policy makers should emphasize that not all medical model fit all people especially the
medical model which was developed in a laboratory. These models exclude an answer for
treating symptoms that result from being disenfranchised. Furthermore in our history, how could
a theory develop when there did not exist any real desire to change? The fact that this problem
has made it to public awareness should provoke a desire in all Americans to search out a
solution. Moreover, as Aufderheide reports, people being released from incarceration are going
to both return to prison and cause the tax payers more money or the public and policy makers
will promote a paradigm shift, which is the best policy. Moreover, we agree that it will do well
to define this problem as a safety/public health issue which could then be put on an agenda for
empirical research which will have a positive impact on policy makers. To have a positive impact
on policy makers, it is reported that, problems that have been thoroughly defined typically are
supported by sound empirical research, and data from empirical research are what policymakers
expect when considering what problems are most important to address, (Argosy, 2014). Once
this problem is seen as a safety/public health issue, the leaders can present a delineated goal to
make it easier to pass this proposal (Gary, 2014).
B.R.E.A.T.H.E as a pilot agency introduces a paradigm shift framework in its
constructs which has an outcome that makes the program lucrative and will pay for itself. It will
not cost tax payer more than what they are paying now on recidivism and public safety/ and
public health care to support the creation of this diversionary program. In fact, a New York
Times News reported that if the forty-one states that were in the study they reported on would cut
their recidivism by ten percent, $635 million of savings will be an average saving a year. This


program has the tendency to do more than ten percent. As a matter of fact, once the city, state and
world see its effectiveness, we will treat mental illness as mental illness and lower crime.
The treatment plan will enable the country to change policies that keep the mentally ill
from getting the proper help they need. However, in the same vein, while making new
frameworks for treatment, we must consider that the way Americas health care system is set up,
nothing will be accomplished if the clients are not treated in their best interest not the best
interest of the state. Therefore (Gary, 2014) this agencies bylaws state that the normal medical
model will be included as far as medication is needed. However, they will be used in conjunction
with the agencys construct of client stabilization; we understand that some clients needs are
different from others.
Consequently, the need for paradigm shift is imperative, one that will produce a more
diverse and ethical treatment model to include everybody; it is the law. The law mandates
affordable and better treatment services to the mentally ill. Therefore, it would be to the
advantage of lawmakers enact diversion policies even including releasing prisoners to programs
outside of the criminal justice courts. However, this in itself impose a problem to our embedded
way of treating cases of none conformance and challenges the American Authority belief system.
If this was not true, what other way is there to explain why the population of people with serious
mental disorder in prison doubles that of those being treated in regular clinics? (Anasseril, 2007)
tells the reader of (Gary, 2014) the burden saying, Second burden of treatable serious mental
disorder in prisoners is substantial that there are more than three hundred thousand prisoners in
the United States that might be suffering from the prevalence psychotic illnesses, major
depression, or bothan amount that is twice the number of patients in all American psychiatric
hospitals combined.


It is suggested that other means of remedying this issue would be more acceptable and
moral, for instance setting up community based treatment programs designed to fight the effects
of being disadvantaged of any sort. In fact, this policy will produce economic benefits as well as
have an impact on the well-being of our ill brothers and sisters. Besides being a moral act, (Gary,
2014) a recidivism program construct like that in which B.R.E.A.T.H.E proposes will result in
less money being spent on trials and incarceration cost or recidivism, which means these funds
can be channeled to support social well-being, as reported Innovative and comprehensive
treatment programs in prisons, coupled with state-of-the-art diversionary measures for mentally
ill arrestees and prisoner community reentry programs, must be pursued to prevent a high rate of
recidivism and morbidity of prisoners and to facilitate their adjustment in the community,
(Anasseril, 2007).
Furthermore, by granting alternatives to being placed back in the justice system, research
on promoting well-being need to be performed more intensely. The mentally ill can be treated if
the right tools were available. The B.R.E.A.T.H.E program is an agency that is for example
participating in the efforts to reduce crime and recidivism. We understand the same thing as reentry programs and treatment programs that if we get to the root of why this behavior is so
prevalent in these populations we can reverse the mental illness symptoms and have a positive on
poverty and crime.
A lot has been done in the reversal of the effects of ill treatment of the ill. The antidote is
to set up pilot programs that will use the money saved to help society be rid of the public health
issue. The ACA is designed to help reverse what is being done to the mentally ill as for as
making options more available. We get momentum when from every opponent of the iron fist on
crime. The following reported located one state Senator that was reported saying, Steinberg (D-


Sacramento). By changing our policies to be smart on crime instead of blindly being tough on
crime, we can break the misguided cycle of incarceration that carries such an enormous financial
and human cost, (Three Strikes) Furthermore, to expound on the cost of treatment being lower
than what it cost each year to incarcerate mentally ill people, the three strikes project that is
proposed by Stanford law students reports to house the mentally ill in prison is, (Gary) at a
fiscal and moral cost much greater than if the state were to provide adequate treatment and
The above project offers solutions to the public problem of incarcerating the mentally
challenged. Furthermore, the country and the entire world become victors. To legitimize this
effort, the Democratic Party that has indorsed this proposal delineated specifics that would put
into policy a large amount of changes that will benefit the stakeholders of the safety/public health
umbrella for the diversion plan. One (Gary) good example of the policies which is a plan is seen
in the following report Establish a competitive grant program to expand the number of Mental
Health and Behavioral Health Courts in California to specifically address the needs of mentally
ill and drug addicted offenders, $20 million from the Recidivism Reduction Fund. Re-establish
the Mentally Ill Offender Crime Reduction Grant (MIOCR) Program Re-establish MIOCR Grant
program that supports implementation and evaluation of locally developed projects designed to
reduce recidivism among persons with mental illness, $50 million from the Recidivism
Reduction Fund (Three Strikes). This project has a few more proposals that would fit the vision
of the Restoration Diversion Plan which is planning to produce B.R.E.A.T.H.E a pilot program
that will partnership up with other stakeholders in the Toledo Ohio area and then the world.
Of course, there are people that will and are opposing the policy which is
understandable. I mean who would want criminals in their neighborhoods especially those that


were victims. For example, victims of the crimes committed would rather they not let them out
or rather keep sending them back, mentally illness or not. But theres one thing for sure, even
these people will benefit from not paying to re imprison the mentally ill clients for not being able
to control their impulses (Gary, 2014). The people that cannot see the vision will come aboard
once the crime come down and taxes are reduced. They will help in their treatment and their
recovery of their symptoms when they see the truth. Furthermore, this policy will open doors for
deeper research on the way crime is thought of and fought which will finally add a solution for
the over representation of mentally ill people of any race that is walking the earth untreated.
Consequently, B.R.E.A.T.H.E, a pilot program has the potential to bring normal people as
well as people that suffer with the effects of mental disorders to want treatment for their illnesses
and gain courage to come forth. In fact, the fact that the program produces well-being which is
an attraction it will be a sought after framework for treating cases of mental illness. Because we
dissolve external social barriers to extrinsic and intrinsic values we are able to reduce mental
illness and inject well-being into the lives of our clients and society as a whole. This all mean
that there will also be a reduction in homeless people. This will occur because the fear and
hopelessness that plague the disadvantage will be erased when they start to see that well-being is
free. In fact, this is the same framework that of many support groups are using and it has
changed the lives of millions of hopeless people like the ones that are being thrown in jail instead
of being properly treated for their mental illness. The help that these people need can now be
administered to them in an environment that is conducive to their well-being and the well-being
of all who suffers and is touched by the sufferer. Support diversion treatment and change the way
we treat mental illness (Gary, 2014).


A point of access is available for us to trudge through both, the professional means of
handling mental illness with treatment and a new way to view the sickness. This proposal should
excite stakeholders because we finally are able to set up interorganizational ideology to combat a
real problem. The collaboration of licensed and lay professional believe that social economical
equation of society use to hinder the mental health process which causes a bad reaction.
Therefore the new mental institution treats this stagnation with a new perspective on what living
is really about for the client. Many of the illness causing agents can be physically arrested for
instance, not being able to afford a place to live. One stakeholder in this proposal is leading that
research and is making the abnormal behavior easier to curve.
However, there is one thing this proposal need help in researching and that is what would
be feasible way to prep offenders while incarcerated or take mental ill clients strait from jail and
prison. However, this is not a significant problem because if the client is stable enough to take
care of their home then they will qualify for the program (Gary, 2014). If not, they will stay in
the process until they are stable enough to live in society. Many of the clients will be referred to
the program some as a diversion to going to jail or prison some from homeless shelters and some
through our community partners like NPI, Salvation Army. Either way, we will never run out of
people to help. All of these stakeholders have established their programs in the area and are
looking to expand. Some of them are getting the local mental health board to advocate and
become part of partnership. In the case of NPI and the homeless shelters, part of the funding is
joined, the mental health board funds. To connect our agency to these powers makes a powerful
board of directors some of their names are mentioned below.
Another place where there is access to resources is the religious organizations. Church is
starting to become a powerful organization in the fight for well-being. Being a charity, the



chance to help others is their business. They have large facilities in which the utilization of will
be an opportunity for the church to regain their position. They are the backbone in the helping
field because they are a nonprofit and many turn to them for help. One such church is a well
know church that I attend. This place has space for any organization, inpatient or outpatient.
Pastor, a well-known counselor and the under shepherd of a host of professionals and lay human
service workers stand ready to offer any assistance they can. Together, this coalition including
myself, Pastor, and of other stakeholders, like P. Mike, Carter, our community volunteers all have
access to a God that can do anything but fail; therefore we stands ready for this paradigm shift.
B.R.E.A.T.H.E, in theory is an agency constructed by the executives of the Restoration
organization. The acronyms B.R.E.A.T.H.E stands for (behavior redirecting education at the
heart exclusively). The name speaks to the agencys construct and its objectives. (Educate,
redirect dysfunctional behavior, and use spiritual and physically rewarding methods that pierce
the heart and motivate desired change).
Our mission is to reduce recidivism of people that clearly suffers mental illness. Our
mission is to redirect negative behavior that results in the imprisonment and teach the suffer how
to live using positive principles to guide their behavior.
Our vision is to see people recovering from mental disorder and become independent. We
believe mental disorders can be properly addressed by our professionals who have been in the
same darkness and have escaped its illness causing grip.



We value this program because it will educate society on methods that will touch the
heart and change the way we treat mental illness; it will create a paradigm shift that will not only
change the methods of treating people that act out from their symptoms but also change the
hearts of society. As the program touches the heart we hope society feels the connection and
begin to collaborate with this mission.
Our ethical obligation is to spend more time finding out how to treat the dysfunctional
behavior as a community. This is exactly what we are doing in our agency. B.R.E.A.T.H.E has
decided to stop the unethical misrepresentation of the mentally challenged and give them a
choice. We can no longer afford to watch a failing system and not think of a way to fix it. This is
where the ethical education training element of the agency enlightens people as they learn that
not all mental illness can be changed with an iron fist. For example, mental illness stems from
feeling of not be a part of a dominant culture and all its benefits as reported, The inclusionexclusion continuum, a central concept in mental illness, (Patti, 2010) argues, is linked to
important psychological processes such as self-esteem, depression, anxiety, and a general
perception that one's life has meaning. This is particularly relevant for members of disadvantaged
groups who may suffer the psychological consequences of being excluded. Therefore, this need
to be included in social groups is a strong motivator in human behavior. Though one needs to be
aware of the inherent competitive nature of identity groupswhat one gains in status the other
may losetaken together, these theories tell us that work organizations may gain a more loyal,



satisfied, and committed workforce by becoming more inclusive (Patti, p. 251). Somewhere
along the way our logo, In God We Trust seem to only exist on our money.
B.R.E.A.T.H.E is not a religious program; it has to do more with learning what works and
doing it. For example, there was a time when etiquettes were traditionally handed down from
father to son and mother to daughter. In this same vein, this agency has taken this step further.
We will bring back what is ethical and moral. We stand ready to use this kind of framework to
educate the people on what it is like to have someone to hold your hand like that of a sure handed
parent to support and guide until the support is no longer needed. We know what it is like not
having enough to achieve any of lifes satisfactions therefore we understand. With our capability
to understand our clients, we will reach down into the pain. We will reach down into the
depression. We will reach down and pull up the hate. We will pierce the heart and defend our
clients against all who try to oppress them. We are an agency that has learned how to
B.R.E.A.T.H.E and using professional motivation consultations, we will teach those that seek our
program to B.R.E.A.T.H. E. By injecting our morally and ethical educational curriculum with
spiritual principles we believe and trust that we can reduce recidivism, its our ethical duty. We
also stand on the fact that once the soul is restored to proper functioning normal behavior can be
achieved and certain forms mental disease can be managed. For example, when programs use a
well-being framework like that proposed in this paper, instead of a disease model, the threats to
mental health which Baumgardner argues can be addressed, which some are represented here,
An aggregate view of community and family well-being may be seen in statistics on such things
as divorce, single-parent families, poor families, unwed mothers, abused children, serious
crimes, and suicide, (Baumgardner, 2008, p. 15) can be manage.



Because using incarceration as the intervention mental illness is unethical, we propose

the diversion program model as a more ethical solution. We believe we have a solution that is
ethical plus cost efficient. We believe that a program that has put the needs of its clients first will
have a positive outcome on society as a whole. Therefore, what we propose is to have people
screened before they are placed back into the hands of the legal system. This will let the people
know who is able to benefit from the redirection program. Once placed in the program, clients
will have a chance to take control of their lives. They will be taught that life is worth the living.
They will be taught that they can be of some use to society. They will be taught how to use their
life to change someone elses life. As they grow in life they grow in spirit. The candidates learn
to place things in there right prospective in the scheme of life. For example, they will learn that
money is a tool and it has no power. They will learn that character building is a job and teaching
it is what life is about. They will learn that regardless of who they are they can keep their heads
The reduction of recidivism is not a theory; it can be a reality. In fact the life managing
skills that will be taught to this population will come from people just like them. If they were
from another country, the diversity of the group leaders would accommodate them. If they had
been poor and oppressed the diversity of the leaders would be able to reach them. It does not
matter, from white house to a cardboard house, from Park Ave to park bench, rich or poor they
will be accommodated.
Moreover, when it comes to our clients, not only do we view diversity as a principle, we
are committed to the people that seek our help. We give our clients and our professional team
the highest level of respect. The clients and our team both givers and receivers will feel free and
safe to share with the each other, trusting that whatever has been shared will be held to the



highest level of confidentiality. Our staffs are very abreast to the meaning of what client
counselor privilege is and are well versed in the law when it comes to what is ethical. They know
about duty to warn laws. Therefore, there is no reason to doubt the agencys competency.
Under housing the homeless and diversion programs designed to solve recidivism of the
mentally ill, B.R.E.A.T.H.E a program design using behavior redirecting education and training
for the heart exclusively focuses on ending imprisoning of mentally challenged men and
women. The program suggests an absolute paradigm shift. We intend to introduce a different and
better approach on the social dysfunction and maladaptive behavior causes and propose a
wellness treatment program to redirect dysfunctional behavior caused by social status and
barriers. The term social illness proves to hurt society just as much as its counter or cohort
mental illness as reported by the National Alliance of Mental Illness, Social circumstances often
serve as an indicator for the likelihood of developing a mental illness (NAMI, 2009). This
agency sees the problem and aims to use preventive measures which include using its own
diversion strategies that reduces recidivism of the mentally ill to incarceration. We want to use
education and training not only to change the attitudes and behavior on one side, we want to
change the attitudes and behavior of the field as a whole. In these efforts, the outcome is forecast
to cure society of its overcrowding, overspending, and the negative effect that these attitudes
have on the penal system. Moreover, at the same time we see our agency finally ending mental
suffering that our poor and the helpless disadvantage population is subjected to. We see by
redirecting the attitudes we reduce the symptoms which are primarily the causes for socially
dysfunctional outburst and disruptive behavior.
Additional information



Reports strongly suggest more diversion models Innovative and comprehensive

treatment programs in prisons, coupled with state-of-the-art diversionary measures for mentally
ill arrestees and prisoner community reentry programs, must be pursued to prevent a high rate of
recidivism and morbidity of prisoners and to facilitate their adjustment in the community,
(Anasseril, 2007) (Ticey, 2014). Therefore, granting alternatives to being placed back in the
justice system should be researched more intensely. Some mentally ill cases can be treated if the
right tools were available. For example participating in the re-entry programs and treatment
programs that get to the root of why this behavior is so prevalent in these populations will
reverse or have a positive effect on poverty and crime.
A lot has been done in the reversal of the effects of ill treatment of the focused
population, however we need more. It is reported that About half of all people in jails and
prisons have mental health problems and about 65 percent meet medical criteria for alcohol or
other drug abuse and addiction. Because mental illness and substance abuse are associated with
behaviors that can lead to incarceration and recidivism, barriers to community care play an
indirect role (Phillips, 2012). The facts suggest that society has used prison as a solution for the
subsequent behavior of mental illness and antisocial maladaptive behavior (which has also been
described as), personality disordera collection of maladaptive and rigid personality traits that
are exhibited across different contexts and interfere with ones ability to function effectively in
life, including interfering with ones ability to enjoy reasonably healthy relationships with
others, (Martin, 2006 p.172)
This research located one state Senator that was reported saying, Steinberg (DSacramento). By changing our policies to be smart on crime instead of blindly being tough on
crime, we can break the misguided cycle of incarceration that carries such an enormous financial



and human cost, (Three Strikes) Furthermore, to expound on the cost of treatment being lower
than what it cost each year to incarcerate mentally ill people, the three strikes project that is
proposed by Stanford law students reports to house the mentally ill in prison is, (Ticey, 2014)
at a fiscal and moral cost much greater than if the state were to provide adequate treatment and
There are at least two main goals that B.R.E.A.T.H.E was and is designed to accomplish
and a number of objectives that fall within these goals.
One of the goals is to reduce recidivism. To do this we

Educate and train using therapeutic structure or setting

Focus on teaching spiritual and traditional values
Redirect negative attitudes to positive using this energy to sift our atmosphere
Get the behavior diverted population to teach the next wave of clients
Creating a social and economic status change and promote well-being

Goal #2 is to create a paradigm shift of the helping field from the medical model to a wellness

Treat all dysfunctional behavior as a symptom of a social, psychological, biological or all

three mixed
Treat every sufferer as a child or see yourself as a parent of a sufferer in need of help.
Become a major framework for diverting symptoms of mental illness of the depressive

nature as well as treatment of other mental illness.

Reduce violence, crime, and alcohol and drug abuse.
The Method



Obtain a facility that can house the group of trainees. Recruit Judges and probation officers as
well as other homeless facilities to support the program by referring people they think will
benefit from this program. Do an assessment screening to see who will do well in this
environment. Not every person qualifies for every program. Therefore, this program will find
programs for those that would not do well in this one. Because its a paradigm shifting program,
it fits well to say that it is a new way of living. The program works in the favor of the participant.
Some will move out into their permanent homes in three months. Some will move out in six and
some at the end of their ninth month period.
The permanent housing is another program which finds housing for people that suffer mental
illness. B.R.E.A.T.H.E will interact with other partners in the community like the housing
agency. Partners like the Salvation Army Adult Recovery Center, The United Way, The local
food banks, as well as local churches, homeless shelters and charities, will be of significant
support as far as volunteers modeling, food referrals modeling, medical referral modeling,
donation modeling, and political modeling. The most significant support for this agency will
come from the re-entry program that is already in place in Ohio. Consequently, the two agencies
have a lot in common. The difference is re-entry works with the out coming and the diversion
B.R.E.A.T.H.E program tries to divert clients behavior from recidivism.
The Staff and Administration consist of four or five full time employees:
The Agencys full time Director who will be responsible for hiring the rest of the staff, in charge
of the development and operation of the agency, creating and maintaining links with local
government agencies, and budget. Agency Director is Gary W. Ticey. (The developer of this



A Full Time Agency Coordinator who has the responsibility to help the director establish the
agency in the community, to develop working relationship with community leaders, both formal
and informal establishing also develop links to community women's organizations, and
scheduling of agencys programs (Sormadji).
Employ a Full Time Kitchen Administrator who has the responsibilities of preparing a monthly
budget and menu, along with overseeing the preparation of nutrition based menu and overseeing
kitchen help.
A Full-Time Foreman for the work program responsibilities will be to maintain relationships
with work sites that are willing to employ our residents, and figure stipends for the residents and
the percentage the facility will get according to the level of the agency the resident is in.
Governing Board - Made up of both community leaders and agency staff. That will be

responsible for sanctioning the operation of the agency and providing feedback to the Agencys
Director on agency policies and operation (Soemadji).
Resources we have and Resources needed


Links to agencies are the resources we have. These agencies are mentioned in the
agencys method description. We have a two small vehicles and $1,500.00 in
reserve, maybe a hand full of volunteers.


Funding for a building, literature, beds, bedding, outside events

Equipment Chairs and desks for three offices as well as computers, copiers, printers,
projectors and screens for preparation of informational educational materials
Chairs and tables for a large classroom/community meeting rooms



Supplies computers for online studies, Paper, pencils, and materials preparation.
The Agencys Budget
Year 1 - Development of Agencys Operation and Recruitment and First Group of
Volunteers and residents
Personnel M$345,000
Project Director Full time - 12 months M$127,000
Center Coordinator Full time - 12 months M$85,000
Kitchen Coordinator Full time - 12 months M$42,000
Foremen of works program Full time - 12 months M$49,000
Agency Assistant Full time - 12 months M$42,000
Development/Production of Educational Materials M$39,000
Advertising/Promotion M$17,500
Year 2 - Operation/Maintenance of Center and Recruitment and Second Group of Residents
Personnel (assumes 3% yearly increment) M$398,610
Following Up of Educational Materials M$6,000
Advertising/Promotion M$4,000
Year 3 and beyond will have the same format and evaluation (assume 3% yearly increment on
Year 2 budget)



The agency will have formative evaluations performed periodically and summative evaluations
every fiscal year. Both evaluations will be performed by internal stakeholders and summative
will be performed by both external and the internal stakeholders. The formative evaluation is to
insure that every unit is producing the desired output and to make corrections before any major
losses occur. Using a predefined desired output for each input we will observe the agencys
effectiveness on a continuum.
The summative evaluation will use a predetermined percentage as its desired measurement. It is
performed by the Agency Director and a Major outside Stakeholder. The desired outcomes to be
measured are from the primary goals that the agency wanted to achieve. Using questionnaires
and other observation strategies Formative and Summative feedback will guide corrective
measures if any ineffective outputs are measured
Data that we will collect in our formative evaluation to show if our constructs are effective will
be compared against the effectiveness that of the construct outputs of the prison/jail model have
on the short term and long term change on the focused populations attitudes and recidivism
Goal #1 One of the goals is to reduce recidivism. To do this we

Educate and train using therapeutic structure or setting

Focus on teaching spiritual and traditional values
Redirect negative attitudes to positive using this energy to sift our atmosphere
Get the behavior diverted population to teach the next wave of clients

A summative evaluation will be performed yearly comparing the effects of the prison constructs
on mental illness and its outputs as they pertain to the goals in objective two.
Goal #2 is to create a paradigm shift of the helping field from the medical model to a wellness


o Treat all dysfunctional behavior as a symptom of a social, psychological,
biological or all three mixed
o Treat every sufferer as a child or parent of your own in need of help.
o Become a major framework for diverting symptoms of mental illness of the
depressive nature as well as treatment of other mental illness.
o Reduce violence, crime, and alcohol and drug abuse.
o Creating a social and economic status change and promote well-being

A yearly report will be issued that presents the formative and summative findings.
Month One
Advertising for staff positions; Meetings with community leaders; Meeting with Network
Month Two
Interviewing of candidates for agency staff positions; meeting with property owner and securing
our facility. (Soemadji)
Month Three
Orientating hired staff members; preparing for agency operation
Month Four - Six
Preliminary advertising of agency operation; Hosting community meetings at agency;
Collection of baseline data on agency clients prospects; Recruitment of volunteers
Month Seven - Twelve
Conducting of regular formative evaluation; Final summative evaluation at end of twelfth month

APPENDIX B - Resume of Gary W. Ticey (Agency Director)




Gary Ticey
o Board Member/Chair
Neighborhood Property Inc.
Restoration Support Group
o Director/Facilitator of Restoration outreach support group 2010-Present
o Board of directors on the Governance Committee at mental health agency 2014Present
o B.S. Argosy University-Psychology (Chemical Dependency Counseling ) 2013
o M.S. Argosy University (Health/Human Services Administration) 2015
o Program Chair Restoration outreach program 2010-Present
o Instructor/Teacher Restoration support group bible class 2012-Present


My interest in the wellness approach has been the focus and source of motivation in my life for
over five years. As a former candidate of agencies that were designed to help people that suffer
the levels of dysfunctional behavior mentioned in this proposal, a deep desire and interest to
educate myself and society has consumed me. As a result of my lifes experience, I have



researched and began to educate myself focusing on the wellness model which centers on wellbeing. In my studies, the formulation of a great platform for creating a wellness framework that
will affect change was developed. I have learned that some causes of mental illness are manmade meaning they are environmental and are curable and reversible.
What I have experienced and come to believe is, it is possible to change maladaptive behavior
through a process that changes attitudes. How to accomplish these changes results from a
program design that uses spiritual principles and educate the sufferer to a new medical
perspective called the wellness approach. The wellness approach concentrates on the whole
person. Murphy 2010 defines these programs as, Wellness-oriented programs that emphasize
and work to harmonize the connections between peoples physical, spiritual, and emotional
states (p. 473)
To combat a problem of this magnitude, society will have to accept that there has to be a
paradigm shift. So far there have been a few attempts and there has been some success. However,
these programs have made small steps in permanent effectiveness because they are outdated.
Things have changed in the 20th century. Our culture has become a more diversified orientation,
and to be an effective program in this day we have to keep up with the trend. Therefore our
program resets the thinking of the focused group to see that they are being heard and that its their
answers that will create the atmosphere conducive to overcoming their illness causing issues.
Educating clients using the mentioned strategy will change attitudes and thus change the whole
way we treat mental illness. What will make a person feel whole? What can a network of
agencies produce to alleviate mental illness causing problems? can this program provide an
environment that is conducive to helping a person feels like a person. We feel by continuing to



use qualitative approaches to find answers to these questions, our program can and will achieve
its goals and meet its objectives.
Moreover, the program will resemble the constructs that hold the Salvation Army Recovery
Center together. However, the difference will be that we use a model that incorporates the clients
that do not make it in the Salvation Army Program and have to see the judge. What this diversion
program offers is a solution to many causes of mental illness, a lower rate of recidivism, cuts on
money spent on recidivism, lower crime rates, a new efficient framework for treating mental
illness, and a path to societal well-being.
The antidote is to set B.R.E.A.T.H.E as a pilot program that will use the money saved from the
recidivism account to help fund its ongoing research and help society be rid of the public health
issue. The agency for the plan of change is one that will create a paradigm shift to give an
alternative to incarcerating our mentally ill population.
Gary Ticey

Anasseril E. Daniel, MD, 2007 Care of the Mentally Ill in Prisons: Challenges and Solutions
Retrieved from:
Argosy Online University, (2014). HS6512, Policy, Advocacy and Social Change; Retrieved
From (2014)



Aufderheide, Dean 2014 Mental Illness In Americas Jails And Prisons: Toward A Public
Safety/Public Health Model
Criminal Justice 2012, Retrieved 2014 from: recidivism-among-people-with-co-occurring-severe-mentalillness-and-substance-use-disorders
Crosby, Barbara C., John M. Bryson 1946-Leadership for the common good: tackling public
Problems in a shared-power world2nd Ed. p. cm. ISBN 0-7879-6753-X
Martin, Michelle E. 2006 Introduction to human services: through the eyes of practice settings
p. cm. ISBN 0-205-43961-6 Retrieved 2014 from digital bookshelf
NAACP, Incarceration Trends in America CRIMINAL JUSTICE FACT SHEET Retrieved 2014
NAMI African American Community Mental Health FACT SHEET, Retrieved 2014 From:
Phillips, Susan, D Ph.D. 2012 The Affordable Care Act: Implications for Public Safety and
Corrections Populations. Retrieved 2014 From: prison
Soemadji, Harjono. Guide for Writing a Funding Proposal, Retrieved 2014 From:
Three Strikes, Retrieved 2014 from:
Ticey, G. 2014 Program Evaluation

Always on duty,

Gary W. Ticey

Founder and co. Director