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Description of Commercial Cucurbit Rootstocks as of January 10, 2014

Common Cucurbit Diseases and Pests and Susceptibility Characteristics

Rating rootstock characteristics is complex. For example, strains of pathogens differ and plant responses to them are rarely yes or no. Therefore,
many approaches are used to rate rootstock characteristics. This table is a compilation of publicly available information provided by seed companies
in catalogs and at websites. Additional information from peer-reviewed technical and scientific reports is available in the table Addendum. The table
is to be updated often.
Rootstock
Crop
Species
Scion
N/A
N/A
pumpkin
N/A
N/A
watermelon
N/A
cucumber
Benincasa hispida
N/A
N/A
N/A
pumpkin
N/A
Cucurbita ficifolia
cucumber
Cucurbita maxima watermelon,
cucumber,
Carnivor
x C. moschata
melon
N/A
cucumber
Custodian
C. lanatus
watermelon
Dinero
Dragon-2
N/A
cucumber
DRO5018
N/A
Lagenaria siceraria watermelon
Emphasis
ESO Shut
N/A
melon
melon,
Flexifort
N/A
watermelon,
cucumber
Forza
N/A
watermelon
Fox
N/A
watermelon
J008
N/A
Jador F1
N/A
melon
Notes: N/A Information is not available
Rootstock
Cultivar
53009
AQ
Aurora F1
Azman RZ F1
B.hispida
Bass BS-1 F1
BS1
C. ficifolia

Bacterial
Wilt
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

Powdery Fusarium
Mildew Wilt Race 1
R
N/A
R
N/A
N/A
R
N/A
R
N/A
N/A
N/A
R
R
N/A
N/A
N/A

Wilt Race 2
R
R
R
R
N/A
R
R
N/A

Rhizoctonia
Root Rot
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

Verticillium
Wilt
R
R
R
R
N/A
N/A
R
N/A

Root-knot
Nematode
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

Melon
Necrotic
Spot
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

Fusarium

Developer
Hazera
Origene Seeds
Nickerson-Zwaan
Rijk-Zwaan
N/A
Origene Seeds
Origene Seeds
N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Syngenta

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
S
N/A

R
R
R
N/A
R
R

R
R
R
N/A
R
R

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A
R
N/A
N/A
R
N/A

N/A
N/A
R
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
R

Takii
Syngenta
BF Agritech
DeRuiter Seeds
Syngenta
Asahi Industries

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Enza Zaden

N/A
N/A
R
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
R
R
R Resistant
S Susceptible

R
N/A
N/A
R

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Vilmorin
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
BF Agritech
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Syngenta
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Vilmorin
For additional information on rootstock descriptions please contact developer directly.

This table was developed with support provided by USDA-National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) (Specialty Crop Research Initiative Award # 2011-51181-30963;
Development of Grafting Technology to Improve Sustainability and Competitiveness of the U.S. Fruiting Vegetable Industry), institutions participating in that project and their
collaborators. Please direct questions and comments about the table to Dr. Matthew D. Kleinhenz, Dept. of Horticulture and Crop Science, The Ohio State University-OARDC.Page 1 of 5

Description of Commercial Cucurbit Rootstocks as of January 10, 2014


Common Cucurbit Diseases and Pests and Susceptibility Characteristics

Rating rootstock characteristics is complex. For example, strains of pathogens differ and plant responses to them are rarely yes or no. Therefore,
many approaches are used to rate rootstock characteristics. This table is a compilation of publicly available information provided by seed companies
in catalogs and at websites. Additional information from peer-reviewed technical and scientific reports is available in the table Addendum. The table
is to be updated often.
Rootstock
Crop
Species
Scion
Cucurbita maxima
watermelon
Jing Xin No. 2
x C. moschata
Cucurbita maxima
watermelon
Jing Xin No. 3
x C. moschata
Cucurbita maxima
watermelon
Jing Xin No. 4
x C. moschata

Kickoff
Macis

N/A

Wilt Race 1

Wilt Race 2

Rhizoctonia
Root Rot

Verticillium

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

BJYSDC

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

BJYSDC

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

BJYSDC

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Syngenta

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Hazera Seeds

watermelon

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Nunhems

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Takii

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

NickersonZwaan
Hazera Seeds

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Hollar

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Syngenta

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Nunhems

cucumber,
watermelon
melon and
Nimbus F1
N/A
cucumber
N/A
NiZ 54-07
N/A
Cucurbita maxima watermelon,
melon,
No.1
x C. moschata
cucumber
Citrullus lanatus
watermelon
Ojakkyo
var. citroides
Cucurbita maxima
watermelon
RS1330
x C. moschata
Notes: N/A Information is not available
Marvel

Melon
Necrotic
Spot

Fusarium

Powdery
Mildew

Cucurbita maxima watermelon,


melon,
x C. moschata
cucumber
N/A
Lagenaria
siceraria

Wilt

Root-knot
Nematode

Fusarium

Wilt

Rootstock
Cultivar

Kazako

Bacterial

R Resistant

S Susceptible

Developer

For additional information on rootstock descriptions please contact developer directly.

This table was developed with support provided by USDA-National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) (Specialty Crop Research Initiative Award # 2011-51181-30963;
Development of Grafting Technology to Improve Sustainability and Competitiveness of the U.S. Fruiting Vegetable Industry), institutions participating in that project and their
collaborators. Please direct questions and comments about the table to Dr. Matthew D. Kleinhenz, Dept. of Horticulture and Crop Science, The Ohio State University-OARDC.Page 2 of 5

Description of Commercial Cucurbit Rootstocks as of January 10, 2014


Common Cucurbit Diseases and Pests and Susceptibility Characteristics

Rating rootstock characteristics is complex. For example, strains of pathogens differ and plant responses to them are rarely yes or no. Therefore,
many approaches are used to rate rootstock characteristics. This table is a compilation of publicly available information provided by seed companies
in catalogs and at websites. Additional information from peer-reviewed technical and scientific reports is available in the table Addendum. The table
is to be updated often.
Rootstock
Cultivar
RS 1831
RS 1832
RS 1833
RS 1834
RS 1835
RS841
RST-04-109MW
Sentinel
Shintosa
Camel
Strong Tosa
TI-113
Tetsukabuto
Tiger

Rootstock
Species
Cucurbita maxima
x C. moschata
Cucurbita maxima
x C. moschata
Cucurbita maxima
x C. moschata
Cucurbita maxima
x C. moschata
Cucurbita maxima
x C. moschata
Cucurbita maxima
x C. moschata
Cucurbita maxima
x C. moschata
N/A
Cucurbita maxima
x C. moschata
Cucurbita maxima
x C. moschata
N/A
Cucurbita maxima
x C. moschata
N/A

Verticillium

Wilt Race 2

Rhizoctonia
Root Rot

Wilt

Root-knot
Nematode

Melon
Necrotic
Spot

N/A

N/A

N/A

Nunhems

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Nunhems

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Nunhems

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Numhems

watermelon

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Numhems

watermelon

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

DeRuiter
Seeds

melon

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

DP Seeds

melon

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

watermelon

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Numhems

watermelon

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Syngenta

melon
cucumber,
watermelon
melon

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Takii

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Takii

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

BF Agritech

Crop
Scion

Bacterial

watermelon

N/A

N/A

watermelon

N/A

watermelon
watermelon

Notes: N/A Information is not available

Wilt

R Resistant

Powdery Fusarium
Mildew Wilt Race 1

S Susceptible

Fusarium

Developer

Takii

For additional information on rootstock descriptions please contact developer directly.

This table was developed with support provided by USDA-National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) (Specialty Crop Research Initiative Award # 2011-51181-30963;
Development of Grafting Technology to Improve Sustainability and Competitiveness of the U.S. Fruiting Vegetable Industry), institutions participating in that project and their
collaborators. Please direct questions and comments about the table to Dr. Matthew D. Kleinhenz, Dept. of Horticulture and Crop Science, The Ohio State University-OARDC.Page 3 of 5

Description of Commercial Cucurbit Rootstocks as of January 10, 2014


Common Cucurbit Diseases and Pests and Susceptibility Characteristics

Rating rootstock characteristics is complex. For example, strains of pathogens differ and plant responses to them are rarely yes or no. Therefore,
many approaches are used to rate rootstock characteristics. This table is a compilation of publicly available information provided by seed companies
in catalogs and at websites. Additional information from peer-reviewed technical and scientific reports is available in the table Addendum. The table
is to be updated often.
Rootstock
Cultivar
TZ148
USVL #5
USVL #8
Vita
WMXP 3945
WR-15006

Rootstock
Species

Crop
Scion
watermelon,
Cucurbita maxima
melon,
x C. moschata
cucumber
Lagenaria
watermelon
siceraria
Lagenaria
watermelon
siceraria
N/A
watermelon
Lagenaria
watermelon
siceraria
watermelon,
melon,
Cucurbita maxima
cucumber

Notes: N/A Information is not available

Bacterial

Fusarium

Fusarium

Verticillium
Wilt

Root-knot
Nematode

Melon
Necrotic
Spot

Developer

Wilt

Powdery
Mildew

Wilt Race 1

Wilt Race 2

Rhizoctonia
Root Rot

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Harris Moran

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Syngenta

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Syngenta

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Vilmorin

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Harris Moran

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Zeraim
Gedera

R Resistant

S Susceptible

For additional information on rootstock descriptions please contact developer directly.

This table was developed with support provided by USDA-National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) (Specialty Crop Research Initiative Award # 2011-51181-30963;
Development of Grafting Technology to Improve Sustainability and Competitiveness of the U.S. Fruiting Vegetable Industry), institutions participating in that project and their
collaborators. Please direct questions and comments about the table to Dr. Matthew D. Kleinhenz, Dept. of Horticulture and Crop Science, The Ohio State University-OARDC.Page 4 of 5

Description of Commercial Cucurbit Rootstocks as of January 10, 2014

Addendum
The table above was prepared using information available in public documents, specifically seed catalogs and at websites. Therefore, the information represents a
summation of information available in the catalogs and at websites as provided by the supplier or developer. The information presented is not the sum total of that
available on the rootstocks listed; breeders, researchers and others may have additional information on the rootstocks. All with research-based information on the
rootstocks listed in the table are encouraged to submit it for inclusion in updated versions of the table and its Addendum.

Keinath, A.P., Hassell, R.L., and DuBose, V.B. 2012. Field evaluation of six cucurbit rootstocks to manage Fusarium wilt on triploid watermelon, 2011. Plant
Disease Management Reports 6:V024. Online publication. doi: 10.1094/PDMR06.
Keinath, A.P. and R.L. Hassell. 2014. Control of Fusarium wilt of watermelon by grafting onto bottelgourd or interspecific hybrid squash despite colonization of
the rootstocks by Fusarium. Plant Disease 98: 255-266.

This table was developed with support provided by USDA-National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) (Specialty Crop Research Initiative Award # 2011-51181-30963;
Development of Grafting Technology to Improve Sustainability and Competitiveness of the U.S. Fruiting Vegetable Industry), institutions participating in that project and their
5
collaborators. Please direct questions and comments about the table to Dr. Matthew D. Kleinhenz, Dept. of Horticulture and Crop Science, The Ohio State University-OARDC.Page 5 of 5