39 views

Uploaded by paddy

instructions thermo lab class 4

instructions thermo lab class 4

© All Rights Reserved

- Spring Mass Model for Seismic Analysis
- Downhole Hydraulic I
- NASA Balloon Theory
- Fluid mechanics applications
- FM-GATE-For Comprehension AU
- Lectura 1
- FoMV Notes
- pipe line calculation
- Chapter 3 Forces & Pressure Teachers Guide
- 纯液压技术 英文版讲义.pdf
- Thermodynamics HW1
- Prokon -
- 4 science unit plan - buoyancy and boats - smaller file size
- Ph Stability Analysis
- Experiment No_3Metacentric Height (1)
- 201301 Hydrostatics
- Exp 1
- Lecture 5
- TIM Fungsi 1
- boats lab part 1

You are on page 1of 9

Laboratory class 4

4.

Equipment set up, experimental

procedure and supporting

theory

Version 1.0

Laboratory class 4

THE LABORATORY! Hydrostatic force

apparatus

Objective

To determine the hydrostatic thrust acting on a plane surface immersed in water when the

surface is partially submerged or fully submerged.

Laboratory class 4

To determine the position of the line of action of the thrust and to compare the position

determined by experiment with the theoretical position. 1. Initial equipment set up

1.1 Levelling the flotation tank

Before taking readings it is important to level the flotation tank so that the knife edges are level

from side to side and the level indicator is at the same height as the knife edges. The tank stands

on three height adjustable feet to aid levelling. These should be raised or lowered as required

until the bubble is central in the spirit level.

1.2 Adjusting the counterbalance weight

Before filling the tank with water it is important to balance the quadrant / balance arm in air by

adjusting the counterbalance weight. Adjust the position of the counterbalance weight until the

balance arm is horizontal, indicated by the central mark on the level indicator. The weight hangar

should be in position. Note that the weight hanger must not be included when calculating the

total weights added because the weight of the hanger has been counterbalanced during setup.

Laboratory class 4

Use the supplied tape measure to measure the following dimensions of the equipment. Note: you

will need these values in order to calculate the theoretical and measured forces / moments.

Width of end face, B

Height of end face, D

Distance from knife edge to notch for weigh hanger, L

Distance from knife edge to bottom of end face, H

The forces shown are F, the hydrostatic thrust, and m.g, the weight.

Water should be taken from the bench sump. If this does not already contain water do the

following:

Close the black control valve on the front of the fluids bench and place the ball valve in the sump

drain hole. Ensure the end of the flexible outlet pipe from the bench is positioned in the sump.

Turn the power supply to the bench on and slowly open the control valve (anticlockwise) until

water flows into the sump. Turn off the bench power and close the control valve when there is

approximately 30cm of water in the sump.

Laboratory class 4

2. Measurement procedure

Add 60g mass to the hangar. Fill the flotation tank with water (using the supplied 500ml beaker)

until the balance arm rises above the horizontal.

Gradually drain water from the flotation tank by opening the quarter-turn drain valve until the arm

is horizontal.

The level of the water on the end face which counterbalances the weight on the weight hanger

can be measured using the scale on the side of the quadrant. Allow time for the water to settle

before taking readings. Ensure that there is no water spilled on the upper surfaces of the

quadrant or the sides, above the water level. Care should be taken to ignore the meniscus by

moving the head up and down until the eye is sighing along the true surface of the water. Record

the depth (d) and mass applied.

Repeat the above procedure for 20g mass increments up to 400g (18 measurements) recording

mass and depth at each point. Note the point at which the vertical face of the quadrant becomes

fully submerged.

Drain the water from the apparatus back into the fluids bench sump. Ensure that the apparatus

quarter-turn drain valve is closed. Check that you have a full set of 18 points recorded for mass

applied and depth. Also that you have values for B, D, L & H as described above.

Laboratory class 4

Having recorded a set of results for the increasing mass (m) and depth (d) you are

required to calculate both experimental and theoretical values for the moment and

distance to the centre of pressure on the vertical face of the quadrant. You will do this for

cases where the vertical face of the quadrant was partially and fully submerged. Ensure

all your calculations are performed using standard SI units e.g. metres, Newtons,

kilograms etc.

4.1 Partially submerged case

Where:

L is the horizontal distance between the pivot point and the weight hanger,

H is the vertical distance between the pivot and the base of the quadrant,

D is the height of the quadrant face

B is the width of the quadrant face

d is the depth of water from the base of the quadrant

h' is the vertical distance between the surface and the centre of pressure

h is the vertical distance between the pivot and the centre of pressure

The forces shown are F, the hydrostatic thrust, and m.g, the weight

Laboratory class 4

F = gAh (Newtons)

Where:

A is the area = A = Bd

h is the mean depth of immersion = h = d/2

Therefore:

The experimental depth to the centre of pressure h can be evaluated through calculating the

moment, M:

M = Fh" (Newtons)

A balancing moment is produced by the weight, W, applied to the hanger at the end of the

balance arm. The moment is proportional to the length of the balance arm, L.

For static equilibrium the two moments are equal, i.e.

Fh" = WL = mgL

Substituting in the expression for the thrust force you should be able to derive values of h in

metres for each measurement point.

To calculate theoretical values of moment and distance to the centre of pressure we start with the

theoretical result for depth of pressure P below the free surface:

Where Ix is the 2nd moment of area of immersed section about an axis in the free-surface. By

use of the parallel axes theorem:

Laboratory class 4

The depth of the centre of pressure below the pivot point is therefore given by:

h" = h + H - d (m)

Hence:

Laboratory class 4

In a similar manner to the partially submerged case the distance to the centre of pressure can be

evaluated through the moment, M:

M = Fh" (Nm)

A balancing moment is produced by the weight, W, applied to the hanger at the end of the

balance arm. The moment is proportional to the length of the balance arm, L.

For static equilibrium the two moments are equal, i.e.:

Fh" = WL = mgL

And again we can substitute in the expression for the thrust force to derive values of h in metres

for each measurement point.

To calculate theoretical values of moment and distance to the centre of pressure we start with the

theoretical result for depth of pressure P below the free surface:

Where Ix is the 2nd moment of area of immersed section about an axis in the free-surface.

By use of the parallel axes theorem:

Ix = Ic + Ah

h" = h' + H d (m)

Substitution as before then gives the theoretical result of:

- Spring Mass Model for Seismic AnalysisUploaded byPrakash SIngh Rawal
- Downhole Hydraulic IUploaded bymouradbz
- NASA Balloon TheoryUploaded byairpumpy
- Fluid mechanics applicationsUploaded byTony Orit
- FM-GATE-For Comprehension AUUploaded byGiri Haran
- Lectura 1Uploaded byPaula Robles
- FoMV NotesUploaded byDanev
- pipe line calculationUploaded bysamirbendre1
- Chapter 3 Forces & Pressure Teachers GuideUploaded byhermanwong
- 纯液压技术 英文版讲义.pdfUploaded byWeeLun Tan
- Thermodynamics HW1Uploaded bypewpewpewlazerr
- Prokon -Uploaded byAnonymous 7Rq6IYhLsI
- 4 science unit plan - buoyancy and boats - smaller file sizeUploaded byapi-268616497
- Ph Stability AnalysisUploaded byAkshay Duggal
- Experiment No_3Metacentric Height (1)Uploaded byWHfamily
- 201301 HydrostaticsUploaded byLucio Enrique
- Exp 1Uploaded byNadia Roslan
- Lecture 5Uploaded byMustafa Alhakeem
- TIM Fungsi 1Uploaded bylilik
- boats lab part 1Uploaded byapi-312604279
- ACFrOgBQ4-kaE39ngCNbxdQcSS2w-declOcbTE8lb01j4DC77FR875dUccU1rVq3ls78vF5F-UQzY3M8CkUBOc4So7X4EagARjsu1NgjXXcHHEkFTVFklWwronDavtc=Uploaded byfadhillah ivan
- Metacentric Height.docxUploaded bylindzay
- Session_11_Fluid_Effects_in_Maya.pdfUploaded byNguyễn Huỳnh
- Sci Sample Paper 1Uploaded byAmanda Gutierrez
- Power Pak 800 Ert 5652Uploaded byezrawong
- Lesson 1Uploaded byOnline Review Specialists
- Sizing EV T 1005 16inchesUploaded byqway896
- ENGI 8691_9110 Assignment 7 solution.pdfUploaded byChukwunwike Odibi
- CHAPTER 3(MCQ'S)Uploaded byNaveed Mughal
- The Gaseous StateUploaded byChrismane Lou Miranda

- IC-33 Aug 2014 [eBook]Uploaded byJayachandra Reddy Annavaram
- Ann Mayburn - My Wicked Devil (Club Wicked)Uploaded byHarry
- 0606_s10_qp_12Uploaded byJonathan Ananda Nusantara
- H - Radio Communications of the Phils vs Court of AppealsUploaded bysigfridmonte
- Evardome LessonUploaded byFlind Evardome
- Review of Analysing Muslim Traditions by Harald MotzkiUploaded byNiaz Hannan
- Beyond Magenta by Susan Kuklin Discussion GuideUploaded byRandom House of Canada
- Mcq Anesthesiology Group 5Uploaded byLaw You
- 2017 Wells Memorial COGIC Calendar of EventsUploaded byWarché K. Downing
- 2012 Chehroudi HCCI Nanotube SAE 12FFL-0052 FinalUploaded byyasbch
- CssUploaded byAnonymous BOreSF
- International Marketing Chapter 19 (Negotiating WithUploaded byVipin Sharma
- Robbins Fom9 Ppt02Uploaded byYamin Zou
- 583350232vk Xii Computer Old Question & Answers 2011-12Uploaded bykathirdcn
- Implemetation of KanbanUploaded byEditor IJTSRD
- 2 digestUploaded byWendell Leigh Oasan
- Chapter 10Uploaded byjapsonsinister
- Hight Emissivity CoatingUploaded byLuca Gennari
- Strategy ImplementationUploaded bySuraj Jain
- PDF (1).pdfUploaded byEd Praetorian
- Forum Non ConveniensUploaded byGleepeep Goobledegook
- 2012 - Chess Life 02Uploaded byKurokre
- Spk ArticlesUploaded byAniket- Patil
- Configuring a Cisco ASA 5505 - Rob DenneyUploaded bynevynscribd
- Byzantine Empire Rome of the EastUploaded bydrept_credincios
- Sets & Relation TheoryUploaded bySushila Tanwar
- TOLERANCEUploaded byavr8784
- Math 221 Week 2 Ilab Hints Fa 11Uploaded bySecre Hea
- Important Points in SurveyingUploaded byAnand Boss
- Mechanical-Transmissions.info - Design Manual Poly Chain GT2 - Drive Calculation GuideUploaded byjuanki20