Borough of Butler (1403)
This municipal chapter is an element of the Morris County Wastewater Management Plan prepared by the Morris County Department of Planning and Development in accordance with N.J.A.C. 7:15. Originally called West Bloomingdale, this small municipality underwent a name change in 1901 as a result of famous entrepreneur Richard Butler investing in the American Hard Rubber Company in the late 1800's. Butler Borough is located in the northeast portion of Morris County and encompasses approximately 2.1 square miles. The Borough historically developed as a small industrial town with a traditional downtown and worker housing. The Borough contains multiple small open space and parks spread through the borough with the largest being Stony Brook Park at 4.5 acres. These areas include playgrounds, neighborhood parks, playfields and community parks. The Borough zoning designations are shown on Map 4M. The Census Bureau estimates Borough of Butler had a population of 8,118 in 2008. The population has grown eight percent (8%) since 2000. The population growth is partially due to redevelopment such as River Place at Butler, a mixed use residential development that was formerly the American Hard Rubber Company. Following are some important considerations for this municipality with respect to wastewater management planning: • • The Borough of Butler is considered a non-urban municipality. 100% of the municipality is located within the New Jersey Highlands Planning Area.

In this document the following terms are used frequently: • EDUs – Equivalent Dwelling Units - a measure where one unit is equivalent to wastewater effluent from one dwelling unit. NJDEP defines a dwelling unit to mean any building or portion of a building, permanent or temporary, used or proposed to be used as a residence either seasonally or throughout the year. Most often, EDU is used in reference to a single family home. • • gpd – gallons per day, a unit of flow measurement. GSA – General Service Area – represents the area to be served by residential septic systems. NJDEP refers to septic systems as discharges to groundwater with a design capacity of less than 2,000 gallons per day. GW – groundwater


Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09) Borough of Butler

HUC11 - Hydrologic Unit Code consisting of 11 digits – a United States Geological Survey (USGS) standard designation for subwatersheds delineated based on topography. HUC14 – Hydrologic Unit Code consisting of 14 digits – a USGS standard designation for subwatersheds delineated based on topography. mgd – million gallons per day, a unit of flow measurement. NDM - Nitrate Dilution Model – The NDM) is required by NJDEP and follows the calculations methodology developed by the New Jersey Geological Service (NJGS). The NDM uses the soils type to estimate the minimum lot size needed to provide enough recharge to dilute nitrate to a specified target. This method is intended to be a guide for estimating the impact of nitrate

from septic tanks on groundwater quality. The NDM uses the minimum lot size to calculate the number of EDUs possible for a given area. • Non-discharge areas - areas where additional wastewater generation and/or discharge are prohibited. SSA – Sewer Service Area – represents the area to be served by a centralized treatment facility. STP – Sewage Treatment Plant SW – surface water WMP – Wastewater Management Plan WPCF – Water Pollution Control Facility WPCP – Water Pollution Control Plant WWTP – Wastewater Treatment Plant

• •

• • • • • •

Existing Infrastructure
The existing wastewater collection and conveyance infrastructure within this municipality consists of the following: • Collection System – The majority of the Borough of Butler is developed. The collection system and associated trunk sewers convey flow from these populated areas primarily through the Pequannock River Basin Regional Sewerage Authority’s (PRBRSA) conveyance system. PRBRSA, in turn, conveys all flow to the Two Bridges Sewerage Authority (TBSA) interceptor conveying flow to the TBSA WWTP. Pumping Stations – There are three pumping stations located throughout the service area. Two small pumping stations are located in the north and south ends of the Borough, and a larger station is located on Main Street south of the intersection with Hamburg Turnpike.


Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09) Borough of Butler

No wastewater treatment facilities are located within the municipality. Butler Borough is a member of the PRBRSA, but its flow is treated by the Two Bridges Sewer Authority WWTP. No additional minor facilities in the Borough of Butler are regulated through NJDEP that have individual New Jersey Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NJPDES) discharge permits. However, Tables numbered 1a and 1b are reserved for such facilities if they are noted in the future. The existing treatment facilities, if any, are illustrated on Map 2M.

Environmental and Other Land Features
The countywide Environmental Features are shown on maps 5A & 5B. The Pequannock River forms Butler Borough’s, as well as Morris County’s, northern border. A tributary of the Pequannock River, Stone House Brook flows through the center of the Borough. The Pequannock River also has multiple unnamed tributaries and associated wetlands. The major transportation features is State Highway 23, which runs diagonally from the northwest corner of the Borough to the southeast border. The Borough consists mainly of residential property with corridors of commercial, retail and industrial along the northern boundary, State Highway 23 and Main Street. Less than 5% of the Borough consists of protected open space and recreation areas.

Delineation of Service Areas and Planning Integration
Sewer Service Areas
The following are the sewer service areas within the Borough of Butler. The existing areas served and future SSAs are shown on Maps 2M and 3M, respectively. The facilities providing treatment to these service areas have an associated facilities table in the Appendix. • TBSA WWTP (NJPDES NJ0029386; DSW) – This SSA serves the entire Borough of Butler.

General Service Area
General Service Areas (GSAs) consist of those areas with discharges to groundwater of less than 2,000 gallons per day (i.e. residential septic systems) that are neither designated for sewer service nor as non-discharge areas.

Coordination and Compliance with the New Jersey Highlands Regional Master Plan
The Borough of Butler is located 100% within the New Jersey Highlands Planning Area. As of December 7, 2009, Butler has not chosen to conform to the Highlands Regional Master

Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09) Borough of Butler

Plan for the Planning Area. Therefore, the standards in the NJDEP Water Quality Management Rules, N.J.A.C. 7:15-1 et seq., were utilized for the Borough.

Future Wastewater Demand and Facilities
For the purposes of evaluating capacity and future sanitary flow rates, full build-out of undeveloped or underdeveloped land in the Borough was derived from the zoning and development potential of land parcels within the Borough. Build-out calculations were performed for major wastewater treatment facilities.

Sewer Service Area Wastewater Capacity Analysis
Table 2a presents the results of the Build-out Analysis within the SSAs indicated.


Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09) Borough of Butler

Table 2a: Borough of Butler Build-out Table (SSAs) Total Flow Major Capacity Attributed to Residential Total Public Allocation/ TWAs Build-out Existing Wastewater Permitted Approved Flow Flow Treatment Capacity But (mgd) (mgd) Facility (mgd) Unconnected (mgd) TBSA WWTP (PRBRSA) 0.990 1.365 0.060 0.056

NonResidential Build-out Flow (mgd)

Existing Total Septic Projected BuildSystems out Flow Flow (mgd) (mgd)

Remaining Capacity (mgd)






Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09) Borough of Butler

Treatment Works Approvals (TWAs) approved by NJDEP for unconnected projects within the Borough of Butler consist of the following: Table 2b – Treatment Works Approvals Facility TWA JAS Builders Carey Ave. Sewer Extension River Place at Butler Argonne Woods Lowe's Total TBSA (PRBRSA) TBSA (PRBRSA) TBSA (PRBRSA) TBSA (PRBRSA) TBSA (PRBRSA) Unconnected Flow (mgd) 0.005 0.002 0.017 0.012 0.016 0.060

The majority of Butler Borough is served by the TBSA WWTP. The allocated capacity for Butler Borough is 0.99 mgd from the PRBRSA and TBSA. The total projected Build-out flow is 1.557 mgd which is 0.567 mgd above their allocated flow. Table 2a shows Butler Borough does not have a sufficient allocation with PRBRSA and TBSA to meet the calculated buildout potential within the Borough. Undeveloped and underdeveloped parcels are shown on Map 3M.

General Service Area Wastewater Capacity Analysis
Table 3 presents the results of the Build-out Analysis within the GSA. The GSA is shown on Map 3M. The breakdown by HUC14 subwatershed is shown below. Table 3 – Borough of Butler Build-out by HUC14 (GSA) Build-out Potential (Equivalent Dwelling Units) HUC141 02030103050080

Using Nitrate Dilution Model 1.40

Under Municipal Zoning 1.00

Surplus/ Deficit 0.40

The Build-out potential within this HUC 14 is for that portion within the municipal boundary. It does not represent the entire HUC 14 boundary within Morris County and only represents the portion of the HUC 14 within the Borough of Butler.

For Table 3, equivalent dwelling units were calculated by adding [potential residential flow (gpd)/350] + [potential non-residential flow (gpd)/500].


Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09) Borough of Butler

The General Service Area (i.e., septic) build-out capacity analysis for Borough of Butler was based on the 2.0 mg/L statewide standard for the target concentration of nitrate in groundwater. Following are the results of this analysis shown in Table 3 above for the Borough of Butler’s portion of the HUC14: • For HUC 02030103050080 the build-out results based on existing zoning is less than the number of potential EDUs generated by the Nitrate Dilution Model (NDM) for septic capacity, and therefore, no change in zoning is required.

NOTE: Where the number of EDUs generated by zoning is greater than the number of EDUs generated by the NDM, zoning build-out and NDM will be run for the entire HUC 14 to determine if the entire HUC 14 has sufficient nitrate dilution capacity to accommodate full zoning build-out.


Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful