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Chatham Township (1405)
Introduction
This municipal chapter is an element of the Morris County Wastewater Management Plan prepared by the Morris County Department of Planning and Development in accordance with N.J.A.C. 7:15. Chatham Township was incorporated in 1806, however, in 1897 Chatham Borough seceded from Chatham Township. Madison and Florham Park soon followed, leaving Chatham Township at its present geographic size, as of the year 1900. Chatham Township is located in the southern portion of Morris County and encompasses approximately 9.4 square miles. Approximately 35% of the Township consists of protected open space and recreations areas, including the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, Loantaka County Park, and Passaic River Park. The remaining land within the Township consists mainly of residential uses with a small portion zoned for commercial use. The Township zoning designations are shown on Map 4M. The Census Bureau estimates Chatham Township had a population of 10,159 in 2008. The population has remained very steady showing growth of less than one percent (1%) since 2000. Following are some important considerations for this municipality with respect to wastewater management planning: • • Chatham Township is considered a non-urban municipality. The municipality is not located within the Highlands Region.

In this document the following terms are used frequently: • EDUs – Equivalent Dwelling Units - a measure where one unit is equivalent to wastewater effluent from one dwelling unit. NJDEP defines a dwelling unit to mean any building or portion of a building, permanent or temporary, used or proposed to be used as a residence either seasonally or throughout the year. Most often, EDU is used in reference to a single family home. gpd – gallons per day, a unit of flow measurement. • GSA – General Service Area – represents the area to be served by residential septic systems. NJDEP refers to septic systems as discharges to groundwater with a design capacity of less than 2,000 gallons per day. GW – groundwater HUC11 - Hydrologic Unit Code consisting of 11 digits – a United States Geological Survey (USGS) standard designation for

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09) Chatham Township

subwatersheds delineated based on topography. • HUC14 – Hydrologic Unit Code consisting of 14 digits – a USGS standard designation for subwatersheds delineated based on topography. mgd – million gallons per day, a unit of flow measurement. NDM - Nitrate Dilution Model – The NDM) is required by NJDEP and follows the calculations methodology developed by the New Jersey Geological Service (NJGS). The NDM uses the soils type to estimate the minimum lot size needed to provide enough recharge to dilute nitrate to a specified target. This method is intended to be a guide for estimating the impact of nitrate from septic tanks on groundwater quality. The NDM uses the • • • • • • •

minimum lot size to calculate the number of EDUs possible for a given area. Non-discharge areas - areas where additional wastewater generation and/or discharge are prohibited. SSA – Sewer Service Area – represents the area to be served by a centralized treatment facility. STP – Sewage Treatment Plant SW – surface water WMP – Wastewater Management Plan WPCF – Water Pollution Control Facility WPCP – Water Pollution Control Plant WWTP – Wastewater Treatment Plant

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Existing Infrastructure
The existing wastewater collection and conveyance infrastructure within this municipality consists of the following: • Collection System – Chatham Township is developed along the southern and eastern portions of the Township. The collection system and associated trunk sewers convey flow from these populated areas primarily to the Chatham Main WPCP. Pumping Stations – There are a total of three pumping stations in the Township. Two are located in the southwest portion of the Township along the Passaic River. The third pumping station is located in the eastern portion of the Township.

The existing major wastewater treatment facilities located within the municipality include: • Chatham Township WPCP #1 (Chatham Main) – this is the wastewater treatment facility serving a majority of the Township.

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09) Chatham Township

Chatham Township WPCP #2 (Chatham Glen) - Chatham Township has indicated they plan to close this facility and convert it to a pumping station. Flow from this future pumping station will be directed to the Chatham Main facility indicated above.

Tables 1a and 1b below include additional minor facilities in Chatham Township regulated through NJDEP that have individual New Jersey Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NJPDES) discharge permits. Table 1a shows facilities indicated as discharge to groundwater (DGW) and Table 1b shows facilities indicated as discharge to surface water (DSW). The existing treatment facilities are illustrated on Map 2M.

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09) Chatham Township

Table 1a: NJPDES (DGW) Minor Permit Facilities within Chatham Township that Discharge 2,000 gpd or more

NJPDES Permit Number

Facility Name

Permit Program Code

Receiving Stream or Aquifer

Classification

Permittee

Contact Organization Name

Block

Lot

Permitted Flow (gpd)

Existing Flow2 (gpd)

Future Flow2 (gpd)

Discharge Category

NJ01034381

Chatham Chatham No No No data No data No Sanitary GW No data No data Thomas Twp data data data Ciccarone Township Main STP NJ0168114 St GW Quaternary II-A Meg M. St. Huberts 142 4 2,000 2,000 2,000 Sanitary Hubert's Age Struble Animal Animal Alluvial Welfare Welfare Deposits Center Center 1 The County has solicited input regarding this permitted facility from NJDEP. It may be a dormant permit and subject to removal from this table. 2Flow indicated is daily maximum flow

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09) Chatham Township

Table 1b: Additional NJPDES (DSW) Minor Permitted Facilities within Chatham Township

NJPDES Permit Number

Facility Name

Permit Program Code

Receiving Stream or Aquifer

Classification

Permittee

Contact Organization Name

Block

Lot

Permitted Flow (gpd)

Existing Flow1 (gpd)

Future Flow1 (gpd)

Discharge Category

NJ0020281

Chatham SW Passaic Hill STP River (Park Central STP) 1Flow indicated is monthly average flow

FW2-NT(C2)

Paul Donovan

Salem Management Co

63

21.01

30,000

9,160

9,160

Sanitary

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09) Chatham Township

Environmental and Other Land Features
The countywide Environmental Features are shown on maps 5A & 5B. The Township is bounded on the south by the Passaic River. Throughout the central portion of the Township, a significant portion of the Township hosts the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge and educational areas. The Great Swamp includes multiple wetlands, streams and waterbodies. The northern portion of the Township includes Loantaka County Park and Fairmont Country Club.

Delineation of Service Areas and Planning Integration
Sewer Service Areas
The following are the sewer service areas within Chatham Township. The existing areas served and future SSAs are shown on Maps 2M and 3M, respectively. The facilities providing treatment to these service areas have an associated facilities table in the Appendix. • • Chatham Township WPCP #1 (Chatham Main; NJPDES NJ0020290; DSW) – This SSA includes a large part of the southern and eastern sections of the Township. Chatham Township WPCP #2 (Chatham Glen; NJPDES NJ0052256; DSW) – This SSA includes a small area in the southeast section of the Township. Note: Chatham Township plans fold this service area into the service area for the Chatham Main facility. Molitor WPCF (Madison-Chatham Joint Meeting; NJPDES NJ0024937; DSW) – This SSA includes approximately 30 parcels along the north side of Shunpike Road, bordering the Borough of Madison.

The following represent smaller defined service areas within Chatham Township. These facilities do not have an associated facilities table. • Chatham Hill STP (Park Central STP; NJPDES NJ0020281; DSW) – The sanitary sewer service area includes a small area in the southeast portion of the Township just north of River Road. This service area serves a garden apartment complex. St. Huberts Animal Welfare Center (NJPDES NJ0168114; DGW) – The sanitary sewer service area includes the St. Huberts Animal Center located in the north portion of the Township on Woodland Road.

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09) Chatham Township

General Service Area
General Service Areas (GSAs) consist of those areas with discharges to groundwater of less than 2,000 gallons per day (i.e. residential septic systems) that are neither designated for sewer service nor as non-discharge areas.

Coordination and Compliance with the New Jersey Highlands Regional Master Plan
The Township of Chatham is not located within the New Jersey Highlands Region.

Future Wastewater Demand and Facilities
For the purposes of evaluating capacity and future sanitary flow rates, full build-out of undeveloped or underdeveloped land in the Township was evaluated based on the zoning and development potential of land parcels within Township. Build-out calculations were performed for major wastewater treatment facilities and were not required for the minor facilities listed in Table 1a and 1b above.

Sewer Service Area Wastewater Capacity Analysis
Table 2a presents the results of the Build-out Analysis within the SSAs indicated above after the Chatham Glen facility is converted to a pumping station, with all flow conveyed to the Chatham Main facility.

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09) Chatham Township

Table 2a: Chatham Township Build-out Table (SSAs) Total Flow Major Capacity Attributed to Total Residential Public Allocation/ TWAs Existing Build-out Wastewater Permitted Approved Flow Flow Treatment Capacity But (mgd) (mgd) Facility (mgd) Unconnected (mgd) Chatham Main Molitor WPCF
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NonResidential Build-out Flow (mgd)

Existing Total Septic Projected BuildSystems out Flow Flow (mgd) (mgd) 0.029 0.0003 1.132 0.009

Remaining Capacity (mgd)

1.1551 N/A

0.863 0.007

0.095 0

0.069 0.0003

0.076 0.001

0.023 see facility table

As indicated by Chatham Township.

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09) Chatham Township

Treatment Works Approvals (TWAs) approved by NJDEP for unconnected projects within Chatham Township consist of the following: Table 2b – Treatment Works Approvals Facility TWA Valle Estate Giralda Farms Pump Station Total None Total Molitor WPCF Chatham Main Chatham Main Unconnected Flow (mgd) 0.0200 0.0750 0.0950 0 0

A majority of Chatham Township is served by the Chatham Main Facility. With the Chatham Main facility re-rated to a capacity of 1.115 mgd, Table 2a shows Chatham Township has sufficient wastewater treatment capacity to match the expected build-out potential within the Township. The capacity of the Molitor WPCF (Madison Chatham Joint Meeting) is shown in the Facility Table located in the Appendices. The Molitor WPCF has sufficient capacity to treat the expected flows from Chatham Township. Undeveloped and underdeveloped parcels are shown on Map 3M. Flows for the additional minor facilities in this municipality are anticipated to remain the same through at least the term of this WMP.

General Service Area Wastewater Capacity Analysis
Table 3 presents the results of the Build-out Analysis within the GSA. The GSA is shown on Map 3M. The breakdown by HUC11 subwatershed is shown below. Table 3 – Chatham Township Build-out by HUC11 (GSA) Build-out Potential (Equivalent Dwelling Units) HUC111 02030103010
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Using Nitrate Dilution Model 432.47

Under Municipal Zoning 121.80

Surplus/ Deficit 310.67

The Build-out potential within this HUC 11 is for that portion within the municipal boundary. It does not represent the entire HUC 11 boundary within Morris County and only represents the portion of the HUC11 within Chatham Township. _________________________________________________________________________________________
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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09) Chatham Township

For Table 3, equivalent dwelling units were calculated by adding [potential residential flow (gpd)/350] + [potential non-residential flow (gpd)/500]. The General Service Area (i.e., septic) build-out capacity analysis for Chatham Township was based on the 2.0 mg/L statewide standard for the target concentration of nitrate in groundwater. The Morris County Park Commission (MCPC) has indicated the need to develop new facilities in the Passaic River County Park with the future flow anticipated to be 4,500 gpd. The flow for this proposed facility has been included in our buildout analysis and is accounted for in Table 3. The proposed SSA for this facility is shown on map 3M. Following are the results of this analysis shown in table 3 for Chatham Township’s portion of the HUC11: • For HUC 02030103010 the build-out results based on existing zoning is less than the number of potential EDUs generated by the Nitrate Dilution Model (NDM) for septic capacity, and therefore, no change in zoning is required.

NOTE: Where the number of EDUs generated by zoning is greater than the number of EDUs generated by the NDM, zoning build-out and NDM will be run for the entire HUC 11 to determine if the entire HUC 11 has sufficient nitrate dilution capacity to accommodate full zoning build-out.

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