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Lesson 3

Dialogue A
A:

hello there
street; road; way
a little
I will inquire
Excuse me. May I ask you
for directions?

, .

B:

where (as DO)


do [you] look for?
Certainly, where do you
want to go?

, ?

A:

station
to Seoul Station
the way to (going way)
do [you] know?
Do you know the way to
Seoul Station?


,
?

B:

straight ahead, straight


(please) go
Go straight ahead.

A:

from here
is [it] far?
Is [it] far from here?

,
?

B:

[it] is not far


[it]s near
No, its not far.
near(by).

, . .

Its

A:

very; very much


Im grateful
Thank you very much.

B:

[that]s OK
(No,) not at all.

, .

Dialogue B
in what place; to what
place
do [you] go?
Where are you going?

B:

railroad station*1
I[m] go[ing] to the
station

A:

at the station; from the


station
will you do?
what will you do?
What are you going to do
at the station?

B:

that place
at that place; there
[I] will meet
friend
Im going to meet a
friend there.

A:

who; what person


Who is he (that friend)?

B:

he (honored); (that
person)
him (as DO)
(He is) Mr. James. Do
you know him?

A:

[I] do not know


(school) teacher
No, I dont know [him].
Is he a teacher?


, . ?

B:

[he] is not
diplomat; foreign service
personnel
No, [he] is not a (school)
teacher. [He] is in the
foreign service.

A:

*1

,
?

. ?

, .
.

is out of use; (prn. ) refers to bus stops. The


proper word for railroad or subway stations is , as seen in A.

Vocab:
street; road

he (H)

a little

school teacher

station

diplomat

(that) place

()

market

who

coffee house

very; very much

dining room

railroad stn.

post office

bus stop

office

friend

theater

Drills
A:
What (place) are [you] looking for?
What are you looking for?
What school are you looking for?
Which student are you looking for?
Which street are you looking for?
Which department store are you looking for?
Whom are you looking for?
Which classroom are you looking for?
Which teacher are you looking for?
Which child are you looking for?
Whom (H) are you looking for?
B:

Do
Do
Do
Do
Do
Do
Do
Do
Do

you
you
you
you
you
you
you
you
you

know
know
know
know
know
know
know
know
know

the
the
the
the
the
the
the
the
the

way
way
way
way
way
way
way
way
way

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

Seoul Station?
Seoul city hall?
the station?
the department store?
the market place?
the park?
the tearoom?
the restaurant?
Mr. Kims house?

C:

Go
Go
Go
Go
Go
Go
Go
Go

straight ahead.
to the left.
to the right.
this way.
that way.
to Seoul Station.
to the railroad station.
toward the city hall.

Go to the US Embassy.
D:

Is
Is
Is
Is
Is
Is
Is
Is
Is
Is
Is
Is
Is
Is
Is

it
it
it
it
it
it
it
it
it
it
it
it
it
it
it

E:

I[m]
I[m]
I[m]
I[m]
I[m]
I[m]
I[m]
I[m]
I[m]
I[m]
I[m]
I[m]

F:

What
What
What
What
What
What
What
What
What
What
What
What

G:

Who
Who
Who
Who
Who
Who
Who

far
far
far
far
far
far
far
far
far
far
far
far
far
far
far

from
from
from
from
from
from
from
from
from
from
from
from
from
from
from

go[ing]
go[ing]
go[ing]
go[ing]
go[ing]
go[ing]
go[ing]
go[ing]
go[ing]
go[ing]
go[ing]
go[ing]
are
are
are
are
are
are
are
are
are
are
are
are

is
is
is
is
is
is
is

you
you
you
you
you
you
you
you
you
you
you
you

that
that
that
that
that
that
that

here?
school?
the station?
the US Embassy?
Seoul Station?
the city hall?
the store?
the department store?
the tearoom?
the park?
the market place?
America?
the post office?
the office?
the theater?
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

the railroad station.


the park.
the theater.
the bank.
the store.
a Chinese restaurant.
the Seoul Post Office.
the Bank of Korea.
the Seoul Department Store.
the Embassy dining hall.
my office.
Mr. Jamess house.

going
going
going
going
going
going
going
going
going
going
going
going

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

do there?
do at the station?
do at the tearoom?
do in the park?
do at school?
look for at school?
study at school?
teach at school?
say at school?
inquire about at school?
study at school?
read at school?

friend [of yours]?


man?
student over there?
American over there?
Japanese over there?
man (honored)?
American diplomat?

Who
Who
Who
Who
H:

is
is
is
is

the Korean student?


the Korean (language) teacher?
that lady?
that child?

? ( )
? ()
? ()
? ( )
? ()
? ( )

1) Action vs. Description Verbs, Intransitive vs. Transitive Verbs


A. A description verb corresponds to English be + adjective
Description verbs generally dont occur in
propositive or imperative sentences.
B. An action verb is like a doing verb in English
C. Transitive verbs take objects: noun + / may precede the verb
D. Intransitive verbs cannot take objects
All description verbs are intransitive
E. Both transitive and intransitive verbs may be preceded by noun + /
F. Inflected forms may occur as complete sentences.
Subject/topic is often dropped when it can be inferred.
2) Future Tense in Korean
A. Future Tense Suffix: -B. -- in a statement indicates speakers intention for the future
C. -- in a question asks addressee about future intention/opinion
D. If the topic is anything other than speaker or addressee, -- indicates an
opinion or presumption about the subject or topic
3) Honorifics
A. When the subject and/or topic is honored, a verb suffix -()- [(c)v] is added
immediately after the verb stem
B. The honorific suffix -()- always precedes other suffixes
C. The honorific suffix is not used if the subject is inferior
to the speaker; also, the speaker never honors himself
4) Negative
A. Prefixing an inflected form with expresses negation
B. With some verbs, another form of negation is used (next
unit)
5) Particle from, at, in, on
A. A place nominal + denotes either a dynamic location (place where action
occurs) or point of departure for the following inflected form
ex: = Im coming from Seoul.
= We study in the classroom.
B. If is combined with (where), it is contracted to
6) Particle to
A. A place nominal + followed by (go) or (come) indicates the direction
of the action of the inflected expression